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Carrie Breton, ScD

Title(s)Associate Professor of Preventive Medicine
Phone+1 323 442 7383
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    The overarching goals of my research program are to understand how environmental exposures early in life contribute to the increased risk of disease later in life, as well as the role genetic and epigenetic mechanisms play in driving observed associations.

    Despite evidence from animal models supporting a developmental origins of adult disease hypothesis (DOHad), which proposes that adverse events during early life program an increased risk for numerous adult diseases, human studies of in utero or childhood environmental exposures have not been a primary focus until recently. My work in evaluating prenatal air pollution and prenatal tobacco smoke exposures provides evidence that early life exposures are important risk factors for cardio-respiratory health in children and young adults.

    Collapse Research 
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    Prenatal air pollution, fetal development and early childhood obesity risk
    NIH/NIEHS R01ES027409Jun 1, 2018 - May 31, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Influence of prenatal psychosocial stressors on maternal and fetal circulating miRNAs
    NIH/NIMHD R01MD011698Jul 26, 2017 - Feb 28, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Lifecourse Approach to Developmental Repercussions of Environmental Agents on Metabolic and Respiratory health (LA DREAMERs)
    NIH UH3OD023287Sep 21, 2016 - Aug 31, 2023
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Lifecourse Approach to Developmental Repercussions of Environmental Agents on Metabolic and Respiratory health (LA DREAMERs)
    NIH UG3OD023287Sep 21, 2016 - Aug 31, 2018
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Maternal and Developmental Risks from Environmental and Social Stressors (MADRES)
    NIH/NIEHS P50ES026086Sep 1, 2015 - May 31, 2020
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Mitochondrial epigenetics, traffic-related pollution and neonatal health
    NIH/NIEHS R21ES025870Jul 1, 2015 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Prenatal Tobacco Smoke, Genetic and Epigenetic Changes, and Respiratory Health
    NIH/NIEHS R01ES022216Sep 1, 2013 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Prenatal air pollution, DNA methylation and early signs of atherosclerosis
    NIH/NIEHS K01ES017801Sep 24, 2010 - Apr 30, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Tylavsky FA, Ferrara A, Catellier DJ, Oken E, Li X, Law A, Dabelea D, Rundle A, Gilbert-Diamond D, Hivert MF, Breton CV, Cassidy-Bushrow AE, Mueller NT, Hunt KJ, Arteaga SS, Lombo T, Mahabir S, Ruden D, Sauder K, Hedderson MM, Zhu Y, Polk S, Mihalopoulos NL, Vos M, Pyles L, Roary M, Aschner J, Karagas MR, Trasande L. Understanding childhood obesity in the US: the NIH environmental influences on child health outcomes (ECHO) program. Int J Obes (Lond). 2019 Oct 24. PMID: 31649277.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Howe CG, Cox B, Fore R, Jungius J, Kvist T, Lent S, Miles HE, Salas LA, Rifas-Shiman S, Starling AP, Yousefi P, Ladd-Acosta C, Baccarelli A, Binder EB, Chatzi VL, Czamara D, Dabelea D, DeMeo DL, Ghantous A, Herceg Z, Kajantie E, Lahti JMT, Lawlor DA, Litonjua A, Nawrot TS, Nohr EA, Oken E, Pizzi C, Plusquin M, Räikkönen K, Relton CL, Sharp GC, Sørensen TIA, Sunyer J, Vrijheid M, Zhang W, Hivert MF, Breton CV. Maternal Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Newborn DNA Methylation: Findings From the Pregnancy and Childhood Epigenetics Consortium. Diabetes Care. 2019 Oct 10. PMID: 31601636.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Chen Z, Newgard CB, Kim JS, IIkayeva O, Alderete TL, Thomas DC, Berhane K, Breton C, Chatzi L, Bastain TM, McConnell R, Avol E, Lurmann F, Muehlbauer MJ, Hauser ER, Gilliland FD. Near-roadway air pollution exposure and altered fatty acid oxidation among adolescents and young adults - The interplay with obesity. Environ Int. 2019 Sep; 130:104935. PMID: 31238265.
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    4. Gruzieva O, Xu CJ, Yousefi P, Relton C, Merid SK, Breton CV, Gao L, Volk HE, Feinberg JI, Ladd-Acosta C, Bakulski K, Auffray C, Lemonnier N, Plusquin M, Ghantous A, Herceg Z, Nawrot TS, Pizzi C, Richiardi L, Rusconi F, Vineis P, Kogevinas M, Felix JF, Duijts L, den Dekker HT, Jaddoe VWV, Ruiz JL, Bustamante M, Antó JM, Sunyer J, Vrijheid M, Gutzkow KB, Grazuleviciene R, Hernandez-Ferrer C, Annesi-Maesano I, Lepeule J, Bousquet J, Bergström A, Kull I, Söderhäll C, Kere J, Gehring U, Brunekreef B, Just AC, Wright RJ, Peng C, Gold DR, Kloog I, DeMeo DL, Pershagen G, Koppelman GH, London SJ, Baccarelli AA, Melén E. Prenatal Particulate Air Pollution and DNA Methylation in Newborns: An Epigenome-Wide Meta-Analysis. Environ Health Perspect. 2019 May; 127(5):57012. PMID: 31148503.
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    5. Bastain TM, Chavez T, Habre R, Girguis MS, Grubbs B, Toledo-Corral C, Amadeus M, Farzan SF, Al-Marayati L, Lerner D, Noya D, Quimby A, Twogood S, Wilson M, Chatzi L, Cousineau M, Berhane K, Eckel SP, Lurmann F, Johnston J, Dunton GF, Gilliland F, Breton C. Study Design, Protocol and Profile of the Maternal And Developmental Risks from Environmental and Social Stressors (MADRES) Pregnancy Cohort: a Prospective Cohort Study in Predominantly Low-Income Hispanic Women in Urban Los Angeles. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2019 May 30; 19(1):189. PMID: 31146718.
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    6. Li L, Girguis M, Lurmann F, Wu J, Urman R, Rappaport E, Ritz B, Franklin M, Breton C, Gilliland F, Habre R. Cluster-based bagging of constrained mixed-effects models for high spatiotemporal resolution nitrogen oxides prediction over large regions. Environ Int. 2019 07; 128:310-323. PMID: 31078000.
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    7. Küpers LK, Monnereau C, Sharp GC, Yousefi P, Salas LA, Ghantous A, Page CM, Reese SE, Wilcox AJ, Czamara D, Starling AP, Novoloaca A, Lent S, Roy R, Hoyo C, Breton CV, Allard C, Just AC, Bakulski KM, Holloway JW, Everson TM, Xu CJ, Huang RC, van der Plaat DA, Wielscher M, Merid SK, Ullemar V, Rezwan FI, Lahti J, van Dongen J, Langie SAS, Richardson TG, Magnus MC, Nohr EA, Xu Z, Duijts L, Zhao S, Zhang W, Plusquin M, DeMeo DL, Solomon O, Heimovaara JH, Jima DD, Gao L, Bustamante M, Perron P, Wright RO, Hertz-Picciotto I, Zhang H, Karagas MR, Gehring U, Marsit CJ, Beilin LJ, Vonk JM, Jarvelin MR, Bergström A, Örtqvist AK, Ewart S, Villa PM, Moore SE, Willemsen G, Standaert ARL, Håberg SE, Sørensen TIA, Taylor JA, Räikkönen K, Yang IV, Kechris K, Nawrot TS, Silver MJ, Gong YY, Richiardi L, Kogevinas M, Litonjua AA, Eskenazi B, Huen K, Mbarek H, Maguire RL, Dwyer T, Vrijheid M, Bouchard L, Baccarelli AA, Croen LA, Karmaus W, Anderson D, de Vries M, Sebert S, Kere J, Karlsson R, Arshad SH, Hämäläinen E, Routledge MN, Boomsma DI, Feinberg AP, Newschaffer CJ, Govarts E, Moisse M, Fallin MD, Melén E, Prentice AM, Kajantie E, Almqvist C, Oken E, Dabelea D, Boezen HM, Melton PE, Wright RJ, Koppelman GH, Trevisi L, Hivert MF, Sunyer J, Munthe-Kaas MC, Murphy SK, Corpeleijn E, Wiemels J, Holland N, Herceg Z, Binder EB, Davey Smith G, Jaddoe VWV, Lie RT, Nystad W, London SJ, Lawlor DA, Relton CL, Snieder H, Felix JF. Meta-analysis of epigenome-wide association studies in neonates reveals widespread differential DNA methylation associated with birthweight. Nat Commun. 2019 04 23; 10(1):1893. PMID: 31015461.
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    8. Breton CV, Song AY, Xiao J, Kim SJ, Mehta HH, Wan J, Yen K, Sioutas C, Lurmann F, Xue S, Morgan TE, Zhang J, Cohen P. Effects of air pollution on mitochondrial function, mitochondrial DNA methylation, and mitochondrial peptide expression. Mitochondrion. 2019 05; 46:22-29. PMID: 30980914.
      View in: PubMed
    9. den Dekker HT, Burrows K, Felix JF, Salas LA, Nedeljkovic I, Yao J, Rifas-Shiman SL, Ruiz-Arenas C, Amin N, Bustamante M, DeMeo DL, Henderson AJ, Howe CG, Hivert MF, Ikram MA, de Jongste JC, Lahousse L, Mandaviya PR, van Meurs JB, Pinart M, Sharp GC, Stolk L, Uitterlinden AG, Anto JM, Litonjua AA, Breton CV, Brusselle GG, Sunyer J, Smith GD, Relton CL, Jaddoe VWV, Duijts L. Newborn DNA-methylation, childhood lung function, and the risks of asthma and COPD across the life course. Eur Respir J. 2019 Apr; 53(4). PMID: 30765504.
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    10. Howe CG, Zhou M, Wang X, Pittman GS, Thompson IJ, Campbell MR, Bastain TM, Grubbs BH, Salam MT, Hoyo C, Bell DA, Smith AD, Breton CV. Associations between Maternal Tobacco Smoke Exposure and the Cord Blood [Formula: see text] DNA Methylome. Environ Health Perspect. 2019 Apr; 127(4):47009. PMID: 31039056.
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    11. O'Connor SG, Habre R, Bastain TM, Toledo-Corral CM, Gilliland FD, Eckel SP, Cabison J, Naya CH, Farzan SF, Chu D, Chavez TA, Breton CV, Dunton GF. Within-subject effects of environmental and social stressors on pre- and post-partum obesity-related biobehavioral responses in low-income Hispanic women: protocol of an intensive longitudinal study. BMC Public Health. 2019 Feb 28; 19(1):253. PMID: 30819155.
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    12. Girguis MS, Li L, Lurmann F, Wu J, Urman R, Rappaport E, Breton C, Gilliland F, Stram D, Habre R. Exposure measurement error in air pollution studies: A framework for assessing shared, multiplicative measurement error in ensemble learning estimates of nitrogen oxides. Environ Int. 2019 04; 125:97-106. PMID: 30711654.
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    13. Kogan V, Millstein J, London SJ, Ober C, White SR, Naureckas ET, Gauderman WJ, Jackson DJ, Barraza-Villarreal A, Romieu I, Raby BA, Breton CV. Genetic-Epigenetic Interactions in Asthma Revealed by a Genome-Wide Gene-Centric Search. Hum Hered. 2018; 83(3):130-152. PMID: 30669148.
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    14. Reese SE, Xu CJ, den Dekker HT, Lee MK, Sikdar S, Ruiz-Arenas C, Merid SK, Rezwan FI, Page CM, Ullemar V, Melton PE, Oh SS, Yang IV, Burrows K, Söderhäll C, Jima DD, Gao L, Arathimos R, Küpers LK, Wielscher M, Rzehak P, Lahti J, Laprise C, Madore AM, Ward J, Bennett BD, Wang T, Bell DA, Vonk JM, Håberg SE, Zhao S, Karlsson R, Hollams E, Hu D, Richards AJ, Bergström A, Sharp GC, Felix JF, Bustamante M, Gruzieva O, Maguire RL, Gilliland F, Baïz N, Nohr EA, Corpeleijn E, Sebert S, Karmaus W, Grote V, Kajantie E, Magnus MC, Örtqvist AK, Eng C, Liu AH, Kull I, Jaddoe VWV, Sunyer J, Kere J, Hoyo C, Annesi-Maesano I, Arshad SH, Koletzko B, Brunekreef B, Binder EB, Räikkönen K, Reischl E, Holloway JW, Jarvelin MR, Snieder H, Kazmi N, Breton CV, Murphy SK, Pershagen G, Anto JM, Relton CL, Schwartz DA, Burchard EG, Huang RC, Nystad W, Almqvist C, Henderson AJ, Melén E, Duijts L, Koppelman GH, London SJ. Epigenome-wide meta-analysis of DNA methylation and childhood asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2019 Jun; 143(6):2062-2074. PMID: 30579849.
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    15. Gao L, Urman R, Millstein J, Siegmund KD, Dubeau L, Breton CV. Association between AXL promoter methylation and lung function growth during adolescence. Epigenetics. 2018; 13(10-11):1027-1038. PMID: 30277126.
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    16. Howe CG, Eckel SP, Habre R, Girguis MS, Gao L, Lurmann FW, Gilliland FD, Breton CV. Association of Prenatal Exposure to Ambient and Traffic-Related Air Pollution With Newborn Thyroid Function: Findings From the Children's Health Study. JAMA Netw Open. 2018 09 07; 1(5):e182172. PMID: 30646156.
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    17. Gao L, Liu X, Millstein J, Siegmund KD, Dubeau L, Maguire RL, Jim Zhang J, Fuemmeler BF, Kollins SH, Hoyo C, Murphy SK, Breton CV. Self-reported prenatal tobacco smoke exposure, AXL gene-body methylation, and childhood asthma phenotypes. Clin Epigenetics. 2018 07 20; 10(1):98. PMID: 30029617.
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    18. Alderete TL, Chen Z, Toledo-Corral CM, Contreras ZA, Kim JS, Habre R, Chatzi L, Bastain T, Breton CV, Gilliland FD. Ambient and Traffic-Related Air Pollution Exposures as Novel Risk Factors for Metabolic Dysfunction and Type 2 Diabetes. Curr Epidemiol Rep. 2018 Jun; 5(2):79-91. PMID: 30319933.
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    19. Felix JF, Joubert BR, Baccarelli AA, Sharp GC, Almqvist C, Annesi-Maesano I, Arshad H, Baïz N, Bakermans-Kranenburg MJ, Bakulski KM, Binder EB, Bouchard L, Breton CV, Brunekreef B, Brunst KJ, Burchard EG, Bustamante M, Chatzi L, Cheng Munthe-Kaas M, Corpeleijn E, Czamara D, Dabelea D, Davey Smith G, De Boever P, Duijts L, Dwyer T, Eng C, Eskenazi B, Everson TM, Falahi F, Fallin MD, Farchi S, Fernandez MF, Gao L, Gaunt TR, Ghantous A, Gillman MW, Gonseth S, Grote V, Gruzieva O, Håberg SE, Herceg Z, Hivert MF, Holland N, Holloway JW, Hoyo C, Hu D, Huang RC, Huen K, Järvelin MR, Jima DD, Just AC, Karagas MR, Karlsson R, Karmaus W, Kechris KJ, Kere J, Kogevinas M, Koletzko B, Koppelman GH, Küpers LK, Ladd-Acosta C, Lahti J, Lambrechts N, Langie SAS, Lie RT, Liu AH, Magnus MC, Magnus P, Maguire RL, Marsit CJ, McArdle W, Melén E, Melton P, Murphy SK, Nawrot TS, Nisticò L, Nohr EA, Nordlund B, Nystad W, Oh SS, Oken E, Page CM, Perron P, Pershagen G, Pizzi C, Plusquin M, Raikkonen K, Reese SE, Reischl E, Richiardi L, Ring S, Roy RP, Rzehak P, Schoeters G, Schwartz DA, Sebert S, Snieder H, Sørensen TIA, Starling AP, Sunyer J, Taylor JA, Tiemeier H, Ullemar V, Vafeiadi M, Van Ijzendoorn MH, Vonk JM, Vriens A, Vrijheid M, Wang P, Wiemels JL, Wilcox AJ, Wright RJ, Xu CJ, Xu Z, Yang IV, Yousefi P, Zhang H, Zhang W, Zhao S, Agha G, Relton CL, Jaddoe VWV, London SJ. Cohort Profile: Pregnancy And Childhood Epigenetics (PACE) Consortium. Int J Epidemiol. 2018 02 01; 47(1):22-23u. PMID: 29025028.
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    20. Gao L, Millstein J, Siegmund KD, Dubeau L, Maguire R, Gilliland FD, Murphy SK, Hoyo C, Breton CV. Epigenetic regulation of AXL and risk of childhood asthma symptoms. Clin Epigenetics. 2017; 9:121. PMID: 29177020.
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    21. Alderete TL, Song AY, Bastain T, Habre R, Toledo-Corral CM, Salam MT, Lurmann F, Gilliland FD, Breton CV. Prenatal traffic-related air pollution exposures, cord blood adipokines and infant weight. Pediatr Obes. 2018 06; 13(6):348-356. PMID: 29098799.
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    22. Breton CV, Marsit CJ, Faustman E, Nadeau K, Goodrich JM, Dolinoy DC, Herbstman J, Holland N, LaSalle JM, Schmidt R, Yousefi P, Perera F, Joubert BR, Wiemels J, Taylor M, Yang IV, Chen R, Hew KM, Freeland DM, Miller R, Murphy SK. Small-Magnitude Effect Sizes in Epigenetic End Points are Important in Children's Environmental Health Studies: The Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Center's Epigenetics Working Group. Environ Health Perspect. 2017 04; 125(4):511-526. PMID: 28362264.
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    23. Hartiala J, Breton CV, Tang WH, Lurmann F, Hazen SL, Gilliland FD, Allayee H. Ambient Air Pollution Is Associated With the Severity of Coronary Atherosclerosis and Incident Myocardial Infarction in Patients Undergoing Elective Cardiac Evaluation. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016 07 28; 5(8). PMID: 27468926.
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    24. Gruzieva O, Xu CJ, Breton CV, Annesi-Maesano I, Antó JM, Auffray C, Ballereau S, Bellander T, Bousquet J, Bustamante M, Charles MA, de Kluizenaar Y, den Dekker HT, Duijts L, Felix JF, Gehring U, Guxens M, Jaddoe VV, Jankipersadsing SA, Merid SK, Kere J, Kumar A, Lemonnier N, Lepeule J, Nystad W, Page CM, Panasevich S, Postma D, Slama R, Sunyer J, Söderhäll C, Yao J, London SJ, Pershagen G, Koppelman GH, Melén E. Epigenome-Wide Meta-Analysis of Methylation in Children Related to Prenatal NO2 Air Pollution Exposure. Environ Health Perspect. 2017 01; 125(1):104-110. PMID: 27448387.
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    25. Breton CV, Gao L, Yao J, Siegmund KD, Lurmann F, Gilliland F. Particulate matter, the newborn methylome, and cardio-respiratory health outcomes in childhood. Environ Epigenet. 2016 Apr; 2(2):dvw005. PMID: 29492287.
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    26. Breton CV, Yao J, Millstein J, Gao L, Siegmund KD, Mack W, Whitfield-Maxwell L, Lurmann F, Hodis H, Avol E, Gilliland FD. Prenatal Air Pollution Exposures, DNA Methyl Transferase Genotypes, and Associations with Newborn LINE1 and Alu Methylation and Childhood Blood Pressure and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in the Children's Health Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2016 12; 124(12):1905-1912. PMID: 27219456.
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    27. Joubert BR, Felix JF, Yousefi P, Bakulski KM, Just AC, Breton C, Reese SE, Markunas CA, Richmond RC, Xu CJ, Küpers LK, Oh SS, Hoyo C, Gruzieva O, Söderhäll C, Salas LA, Baïz N, Zhang H, Lepeule J, Ruiz C, Ligthart S, Wang T, Taylor JA, Duijts L, Sharp GC, Jankipersadsing SA, Nilsen RM, Vaez A, Fallin MD, Hu D, Litonjua AA, Fuemmeler BF, Huen K, Kere J, Kull I, Munthe-Kaas MC, Gehring U, Bustamante M, Saurel-Coubizolles MJ, Quraishi BM, Ren J, Tost J, Gonzalez JR, Peters MJ, Håberg SE, Xu Z, van Meurs JB, Gaunt TR, Kerkhof M, Corpeleijn E, Feinberg AP, Eng C, Baccarelli AA, Benjamin Neelon SE, Bradman A, Merid SK, Bergström A, Herceg Z, Hernandez-Vargas H, Brunekreef B, Pinart M, Heude B, Ewart S, Yao J, Lemonnier N, Franco OH, Wu MC, Hofman A, McArdle W, Van der Vlies P, Falahi F, Gillman MW, Barcellos LF, Kumar A, Wickman M, Guerra S, Charles MA, Holloway J, Auffray C, Tiemeier HW, Smith GD, Postma D, Hivert MF, Eskenazi B, Vrijheid M, Arshad H, Antó JM, Dehghan A, Karmaus W, Annesi-Maesano I, Sunyer J, Ghantous A, Pershagen G, Holland N, Murphy SK, DeMeo DL, Burchard EG, Ladd-Acosta C, Snieder H, Nystad W, Koppelman GH, Relton CL, Jaddoe VW, Wilcox A, Melén E, London SJ. DNA Methylation in Newborns and Maternal Smoking in Pregnancy: Genome-wide Consortium Meta-analysis. Am J Hum Genet. 2016 Apr 07; 98(4):680-96. PMID: 27040690.
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    28. Millstein J, Chen GK, Breton CV. cit: hypothesis testing software for mediation analysis in genomic applications. Bioinformatics. 2016 08 01; 32(15):2364-5. PMID: 27153715.
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    29. Breton CV, Mack WJ, Yao J, Berhane K, Amadeus M, Lurmann F, Gilliland F, McConnell R, Hodis HN, Künzli N, Avol E. Prenatal Air Pollution Exposure and Early Cardiovascular Phenotypes in Young Adults. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0150825. PMID: 26950592.
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    30. Chen Z, Salam MT, Eckel SP, Breton CV, Gilliland FD. Chronic effects of air pollution on respiratory health in Southern California children: findings from the Southern California Children's Health Study. J Thorac Dis. 2015 Jan; 7(1):46-58. PMID: 25694817.
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    31. Breton CV, Siegmund KD, Joubert BR, Wang X, Qui W, Carey V, Nystad W, Håberg SE, Ober C, Nicolae D, Barnes KC, Martinez F, Liu A, Lemanske R, Strunk R, Weiss S, London S, Gilliland F, Raby B. Prenatal tobacco smoke exposure is associated with childhood DNA CpG methylation. PLoS One. 2014; 9(6):e99716. PMID: 24964093.
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    32. Breton CV, Park C, Siegmund K, Gauderman WJ, Whitfield-Maxwell L, Hodis HN, Avol E, Gilliland FD. NOS1 methylation and carotid artery intima-media thickness in children. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2014 Apr; 7(2):116-22. PMID: 24622112.
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    33. Breton CV, Yin F, Wang X, Avol E, Gilliland FD, Araujo JA. HDL anti-oxidant function associates with LDL level in young adults. Atherosclerosis. 2014 Jan; 232(1):165-70. PMID: 24401232.
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    34. Breton CV, Wang X, Mack WJ, Berhane K, Lopez M, Islam TS, Feng M, Lurmann F, McConnell R, Hodis HN, Künzli N, Avol E. Response to letter regarding article, “Childhood air pollutant exposure and carotid artery intima–media thickness in young adults”. Circulation. 2013 Jun 04; 127(22):e659. PMID: 23882698.
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    35. Dratva J, Breton CV, Hodis HN, Mack WJ, Salam MT, Zemp E, Gilliland F, Kuenzli N, Avol E. Birth weight and carotid artery intima-media thickness. J Pediatr. 2013 May; 162(5):906-11.e1-2. PMID: 23260106.
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    36. Breton CV, Wang X, Mack WJ, Berhane K, Lopez M, Islam TS, Feng M, Lurmann F, McConnell R, Hodis HN, Künzli N, Avol E. Childhood air pollutant exposure and carotid artery intima-media thickness in young adults. Circulation. 2012 Sep 25; 126(13):1614-20. PMID: 22896588.
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    37. Cortessis VK, Thomas DC, Levine AJ, Breton CV, Mack TM, Siegmund KD, Haile RW, Laird PW. Environmental epigenetics: prospects for studying epigenetic mediation of exposure-response relationships. Hum Genet. 2012 Oct; 131(10):1565-89. PMID: 22740325.
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    38. O'Neill MS, Breton CV, Devlin RB, Utell MJ. Air pollution and health: emerging information on susceptible populations. Air Qual Atmos Health. 2012 Jun 01; 5(2):189-201. PMID: 25741389.
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    39. Breton CV, Salam MT, Wang X, Byun HM, Siegmund KD, Gilliland FD. Particulate matter, DNA methylation in nitric oxide synthase, and childhood respiratory disease. Environ Health Perspect. 2012 Sep; 120(9):1320-6. PMID: 22591701.
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    40. Salam MT, Byun HM, Lurmann F, Breton CV, Wang X, Eckel SP, Gilliland FD. Genetic and epigenetic variations in inducible nitric oxide synthase promoter, particulate pollution, and exhaled nitric oxide levels in children. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Jan; 129(1):232-9.e1-7. PMID: 22055874.
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    41. Laborie C, Molendi-Coste O, Breton C, Montel V, Vandenbulcke F, Grumolato L, Anouar Y, Vieau D. Maternal perinatal undernutrition has long-term consequences on morphology, function and gene expression of the adrenal medulla in the adult male rat. J Neuroendocrinol. 2011 Aug; 23(8):711-24. PMID: 21564351.
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    42. Breton CV, Salam MT, Gilliland FD. Heritability and role for the environment in DNA methylation in AXL receptor tyrosine kinase. Epigenetics. 2011 Jul; 6(7):895-8. PMID: 21555911.
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    43. Breton CV, Wang X, Mack WJ, Berhane K, Lopez M, Islam TS, Feng M, Hodis HN, Künzli N, Avol E. Carotid artery intima-media thickness in college students: race/ethnicity matters. Atherosclerosis. 2011 Aug; 217(2):441-6. PMID: 21679950.
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    44. Breton CV, Byun HM, Wang X, Salam MT, Siegmund K, Gilliland FD. DNA methylation in the arginase-nitric oxide synthase pathway is associated with exhaled nitric oxide in children with asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Jul 15; 184(2):191-7. PMID: 21512169.
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    45. Kile ML, Hoffman E, Rodrigues EG, Breton CV, Quamruzzaman Q, Rahman M, Mahiuddin G, Hsueh YM, Christiani DC. A pathway-based analysis of urinary arsenic metabolites and skin lesions. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Apr 01; 173(7):778-86. PMID: 21378128.
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    46. Künzli N, Perez L, von Klot S, Baldassarre D, Bauer M, Basagana X, Breton C, Dratva J, Elosua R, de Faire U, Fuks K, de Groot E, Marrugat J, Penell J, Seissler J, Peters A, Hoffmann B. Investigating air pollution and atherosclerosis in humans: concepts and outlook. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2011 Mar-Apr; 53(5):334-43. PMID: 21414468.
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    47. Breton CV, Salam MT, Vora H, Gauderman WJ, Gilliland FD. Genetic variation in the glutathione synthesis pathway, air pollution, and children's lung function growth. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Jan 15; 183(2):243-8. PMID: 20802163.
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    48. Islam T, Breton C, Salam MT, McConnell R, Wenten M, Gauderman WJ, Conti D, Van Den Berg D, Peters JM, Gilliland FD. Role of inducible nitric oxide synthase in asthma risk and lung function growth during adolescence. Thorax. 2010 Feb; 65(2):139-45. PMID: 19996333.
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    49. Breton CV, Byun HM, Wenten M, Pan F, Yang A, Gilliland FD. Prenatal tobacco smoke exposure affects global and gene-specific DNA methylation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Sep 01; 180(5):462-7. PMID: 19498054.
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