Howard Hu

Title(s)Chair and Professor of Population and Public Health Sciences
SchoolKeck School of Medicine of Usc
Address1845 N. Soto Street
Health Sciences Campus
Los Angeles CA 90032
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    Title(s)Flora L. Thornton Chair in Preventive Medicine

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    Howard Hu, MD, MPH, ScD, is the Flora L. Thornton Chair of the Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, at the University of Southern California. He is a physician-scientist, internist and preventive medicine specialist, with a doctoral degree in epidemiology. Previously, he has been Professor of Occupational & Environmental Medicine (tenured), Founding Director of the NIH/NIEHS Center for Children’s Environmental Health, Director of the Occupational Medicine Residency at the Harvard School of Public Health and Associate Physician in the Brigham & Women's Hospital in Boston (1988- 2006); the NSF International Endowed Chair of the Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Professor of Environmental Health, Epidemiology and Medicine (tenured), Founding Director of the NIH/NIEHS Environmental Health Core Sciences Center, and Associate Physician at the University of Michigan and University of Michigan Health System (2006-2012); and Professor of Environmental Health, Epidemiology, Global Health, and Medicine (tenured) and the Founding Dean of the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto (2012-2017). In 2017-2018, while on sabbatical from the University of Toronto, Dr. Hu was a Visiting Scholar at the University of Washington, following which he was appointed as Affiliate Professor in the School of Public Health.

    Since 1990, Dr. Hu has led multi-institutional and international teams of scientists, students and fellows devoted to investigating the environmental, nutritional, social, psychosocial, genetic and epigenetic determinants of chronic disease and impaired child development in birth cohort and aging cohort studies in the U.S., Mexico, India, China, and elsewhere around the world. His team’s work has generated over 300 publications and won several awards, such as the 1999 Progress and Achievement Award from the U.S. NIH/NIEHS, the 2009 Linus Pauling Lifetime Achievement Award, the 2011 Award of Excellence from the American Public Health Association, and the 2015 John Goldsmith Award for Outstanding Contributions from the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology.

    Dr. Hu has continued his work on NIH-funded environmental birth cohort research (the Early Life Exposures in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants project: while co-leading the Global Burden of Disease-Population Health initiative, which aims to improve understanding of pollution’s “footprint” on the global burden of disease (

    In 1999-2000, Dr. Hu was a Senior Faculty Fulbright Scholar in India. He served on the Board of Directors and on four fact-finding missions for Physicians for Human Rights (Nobel Peace Prize co-winner, 1997); on the Board of Population and Public Health Practice of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences; on the Board of Environmental Studies and Toxicology of the National Research Council; on the External Advisory Council of the U.S. National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences; and as the Chair of the Research Commission for the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (Nobel Peace Prize, 1985). In the latter capacity, he and colleagues published “Nuclear Wastelands”, which was nominated for the U.S. National Book Award in 1996.

    As the Founding Dean of the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Dr. Hu led Canada’s best and largest School of Public Health, a Faculty within Canada’s best Global University. With the School’s leaders, he advanced a number of innovative initiatives involving healthy cities, big data for population health, the integration of the Institute for Health Policy Management and Evaluation as well as the Joint Centre for Bioethics into the School, the creation of the endowed Waakabiness-Bryce Institute for Indigenous health, the integration of population health into primary care, social entrepreneurship, and, with its partners around the world, the global agenda of addressing health inequities, supported, in part, by over $40M raised through the School’s Advancement Campaign. In 2016, Dr. Hu was elected to Fellowship in the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences and in 2017, the School was ranked #10 on the ShanghaiRanking’s Global Rankings related to Public Health.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. COVID-19 booster vaccine attitudes and behaviors among university students and staff in the United States: The USC Trojan pandemic research Initiative. Prev Med Rep. 2022 Aug; 28:101866. Lee RC, Hu H, Kawaguchi ES, Kim AE, Soto DW, Shanker K, Klausner JD, Van Orman S, Unger JB. PMID: 35785408; PMCID: PMC9235287.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Characteristics associated with COVID-19 vaccination status among staff and faculty of a large, diverse University in Los Angeles: The Trojan Pandemic Response Initiative. Prev Med Rep. 2022 Jun; 27:101802. Nicolo M, Kawaguchi ES, Ghanem-Uzqueda A, Kim AE, Soto D, Deva S, Shanker K, Rogers C, Lee R, Casagrande Y, Gilliland F, Van Orman S, Klausner J, Kovacs A, Conti D, Hu H, Unger JB. PMID: 35493961; PMCID: PMC9034831.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    3. Domain-specific effects of prenatal fluoride exposure on child IQ at 4, 5, and 6-12 years in the ELEMENT cohort. Environ Res. 2022 08; 211:112993. Goodman CV, Bashash M, Green R, Song P, Peterson KE, Schnaas L, Mercado-García A, Martínez-Medina S, Hernández-Avila M, Martinez-Mier A, Téllez-Rojo MM, Hu H, Till C. PMID: 35276192.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Did prioritizing essential workers help to achieve racial/ethnic equity in early COVID-19 vaccine distribution? The LA pandemic surveillance cohort study. Am J Ind Med. 2022 04; 65(4):231-241. Nicholas W, Sood N, Lam CN, Kotha R, Hu H, Simon P. PMID: 35187706; PMCID: PMC9082038.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    5. Seroprevalence of Antibodies Specific to Receptor Binding Domain of SARS-CoV-2 and Vaccination Coverage Among Adults in Los Angeles County, April 2021: The LA Pandemic Surveillance Cohort Study. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 01 04; 5(1):e2144258. Sood N, Pernet O, Lam CN, Klipp A, Kotha R, Kovacs A, Hu H. PMID: 35050360; PMCID: PMC8777558.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    6. In Utero Exposure to Mercury Is Associated With Increased Susceptibility to Liver Injury and Inflammation in Childhood. Hepatology. 2021 09; 74(3):1546-1559. Stratakis N, Golden-Mason L, Margetaki K, Zhao Y, Valvi D, Garcia E, Maitre L, Andrusaityte S, Basagana X, Borràs E, Bustamante M, Casas M, Fossati S, Grazuleviciene R, Haug LS, Heude B, McEachan RRC, Meltzer HM, Papadopoulou E, Roumeliotaki T, Robinson O, Sabidó E, Urquiza J, Vafeiadi M, Varo N, Wright J, Vos MB, Hu H, Vrijheid M, Berhane KT, Conti DV, McConnell R, Rosen HR, Chatzi L. PMID: 33730435; PMCID: PMC8446089.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    7. Associations of exposure to cadmium, antimony, lead and their mixture with gestational thyroid homeostasis. Environ Pollut. 2021 Nov 15; 289:117905. Margetaki K, Vafeiadi M, Kampouri M, Roumeliotaki T, Karakosta P, Daraki V, Kogevinas M, Hu H, Kippler M, Chatzi L. PMID: 34371266.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. A Benchmark Dose Analysis for Maternal Pregnancy Urine-Fluoride and IQ in Children. Risk Anal. 2022 03; 42(3):439-449. Grandjean P, Hu H, Till C, Green R, Bashash M, Flora D, Tellez-Rojo MM, Song PXK, Lanphear B, Budtz-Jørgensen E. PMID: 34101876.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    9. Association between cumulative childhood blood lead exposure and hepatic steatosis in young Mexican adults. Environ Res. 2021 05; 196:110980. Betanzos-Robledo L, Cantoral A, Peterson KE, Hu H, Hernández-Ávila M, Perng W, Jansen E, Ettinger AS, Mercado-García A, Solano-González M, Sánchez B, Téllez-Rojo MM. PMID: 33691159; PMCID: PMC8119339.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Estimating the causal effect of prenatal lead exposure on prepulse inhibition deficits in children and adolescents. Neurotoxicology. 2020 05; 78:116-126. Kponee-Shovein KZ, Weisskopf MG, Grashow R, Rotem RS, Coull BA, Schnaas L, Hernández-Chávez MDC, Sanchez B, Peterson K, Hu H, Téllez-Rojo MM. PMID: 32126243.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    11. Prenatal Lead Exposure, Type 2 Diabetes, and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Mexican Children at Age 10-18 Years. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2020 01 01; 105(1). Liu Y, Ettinger AS, Téllez-Rojo M, Sánchez BN, Zhang Z, Cantoral A, Hu H, Peterson KE. PMID: 31608940; PMCID: PMC7037075.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Early lead exposure and childhood adiposity in Mexico city. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2019 07; 222(6):965-970. Liu Y, Peterson KE, Montgomery K, Sánchez BN, Zhang Z, Afeiche MC, Cantonwine DE, Ettinger AS, Cantoral A, Schnaas L, Hu H, Te'llez-Rojo MM. PMID: 31257186.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    13. Early lead exposure and pubertal development in a Mexico City population. Environ Int. 2019 04; 125:445-451. Liu Y, Téllez-Rojo MM, Sánchez BN, Zhang Z, Afeiche MC, Mercado-García A, Hu H, Meeker JD, Peterson KE. PMID: 30763831; PMCID: PMC6472946.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    14. Prenatal lead exposure modifies the association of maternal self-esteem with child adaptive ability. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2019 01; 222(1):68-75. Xu J, Hu H, Wright R, Schnaas L, Bellinger DC, Park SK, Wright RO, Téllez-Rojo MM. PMID: 30146178; PMCID: PMC6664454.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Prenatal Fluoride Exposure and Cognitive Outcomes in Children at 4 and 6-12 Years of Age in Mexico. Environ Health Perspect. 2017 09 19; 125(9):097017. Bashash M, Thomas D, Hu H, Martinez-Mier EA, Sanchez BN, Basu N, Peterson KE, Ettinger AS, Wright R, Zhang Z, Liu Y, Schnaas L, Mercado-García A, Téllez-Rojo MM, Hernández-Avila M. PMID: 28937959; PMCID: PMC5915186.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    16. Prenatal Maternal Occupational Exposure and Postnatal Child Exposure to Elemental Mercury. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Mar; 32(3):175-9. Xu J, Yan CH, Hu H, Wu MQ, Shen XM. PMID: 25415760.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    17. Urinary 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) levels among pregnant women in Mexico City: Distribution and relationships with child neurodevelopment. Environ Res. 2016 May; 147:307-13. Watkins DJ, Fortenberry GZ, Sánchez BN, Barr DB, Panuwet P, Schnaas L, Osorio-Valencia E, Solano-González M, Ettinger AS, Hernández-Ávila M, Hu H, Téllez-Rojo MM, Meeker JD. PMID: 26922411; PMCID: PMC4821665.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    18. Quality control and statistical modeling for environmental epigenetics: a study on in utero lead exposure and DNA methylation at birth. Epigenetics. 2015; 10(1):19-30. Goodrich JM, Sánchez BN, Dolinoy DC, Zhang Z, Hernández-Ávila M, Hu H, Peterson KE, Téllez-Rojo MM. PMID: 25580720; PMCID: PMC4622744.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    19. Mercury levels in pregnant women, children, and seafood from Mexico City. Environ Res. 2014 Nov; 135:63-9. Basu N, Tutino R, Zhang Z, Cantonwine DE, Goodrich JM, Somers EC, Rodriguez L, Schnaas L, Solano M, Mercado A, Peterson K, Sánchez BN, Hernández-Avila M, Hu H, Maria Téllez-Rojo M. PMID: 25262076; PMCID: PMC4262596.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsPHPublic Health
    20. Urinary 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCPY) in pregnant women from Mexico City: distribution, temporal variability, and relationship with child attention and hyperactivity. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2014 Mar; 217(2-3):405-12. Fortenberry GZ, Meeker JD, Sánchez BN, Barr DB, Panuwet P, Bellinger D, Schnaas L, Solano-González M, Ettinger AS, Hernandez-Avila M, Hu H, Tellez-Rojo MM. PMID: 24001412; PMCID: PMC3946926.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    21. Statistical methods to study timing of vulnerability with sparsely sampled data on environmental toxicants. Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Mar; 119(3):409-15. Sánchez BN, Hu H, Litman HJ, Téllez-Rojo MM. PMID: 21362588; PMCID: PMC3060007.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 66     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    22. Critical windows of fetal lead exposure: adverse impacts on length of gestation and risk of premature delivery. J Occup Environ Med. 2010 Nov; 52(11):1106-11. Cantonwine D, Hu H, Sánchez BN, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Smith D, Ettinger AS, Mercado-García A, Hernández-Avila M, Wright RO, Téllez-Rojo MM. PMID: 21063188; PMCID: PMC3003442.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    23. Maternal fish intake during pregnancy, blood mercury levels, and child cognition at age 3 years in a US cohort. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 May 15; 167(10):1171-81. Oken E, Radesky JS, Wright RO, Bellinger DC, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Kleinman KP, Hu H, Gillman MW. PMID: 18353804; PMCID: PMC2590872.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 156     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    24. Fetal lead exposure at each stage of pregnancy as a predictor of infant mental development. Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Nov; 114(11):1730-5. Hu H, Téllez-Rojo MM, Bellinger D, Smith D, Ettinger AS, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Schwartz J, Schnaas L, Mercado-García A, Hernández-Avila M. PMID: 17107860; PMCID: PMC1665421.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 133     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
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