Andrea A.Z. Kovacs, MD

Title(s)Professor of Pediatrics, Pathology and Population and Public Health Sciences
SchoolKeck School of Medicine of Usc
AddressHRA 300 1640 Marengo
Health Sciences Campus
Los Angeles CA 90089-9300
Phone+1 323 865 1585
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Division Head of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Center for Infectious Diseases

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Los Angeles Magazine, Los Angeles, CA  - 1989Trailblazers of Medicine
    Los Angeles County+University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA  - 1990LAC+USC CARES Women in Medicine Award
    Polling & Research Division, Aiken, SC2004  - -The Best Doctors in America
    NIAID, NIH2006  - 2010NIAID, Department of Health & Human Services, AIDS Research Advisory Committee (ARAC)
    Key Professional Media, Inc., Seattle, WA2008  - -Southern California Super Doctors
    American Pediatric Society 2011  - -American Pediatric Society Fellow
    City of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA  - 2013Certificate of Recognition
    Council of the City of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA  - 2013Resolution to the Maternal Child & Adolescent Adult Center (MCA) for Excellence
    Infectious Diseases Society of America2014  - -Fellow

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Kovacs is a Professor of Pediatrics and Pathology and the Founder and Director of LAC+USC’s Maternal, Child and Adolescent Center for Infectious Diseases and Virology (MCA). She is Chief of Pediatric Infectious Diseases at the LAC+USC Medical Center/Keck School of Medicine of USC. Dr. Kovacs has dedicated her career to developing new strategies to provide state-of-the-art clinical care to underserved populations using innovative strategies of integrated, multidisciplinary care combined with cutting edge clinical, translational and laboratory-based research at all levels of care to improve the outcomes of these patients, and to educate a new generation of clinicians and researchers to serve them.

    Dr. Kovacs, is the principal investigator of the USC clinical trials unit for the NIH International, Maternal, Pediatric, and Adolescent Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) group and directs the MCA Research Laboratory, which is certified by the NIH, CLIA, CAP and the State of California to perform clinical trials and natural history studies. MCA research projects have included laboratory-based projects, clinical trials design and conduct, epidemiological studies that involve small and large cohorts and translational studies that go from the bench to bedside.

    Dr. Kovacs has many years’ experience, dating to the first cases of acquired immunodeficiency virus (AIDS), in clinical and translational research studies with major emphasis on pathogenesis, transmission, treatment and prevention of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human cytomegalovirus (CMV). Her current research focuses on understanding how viruses act together to alter the immune system and cause disease. Ongoing studies include the impact of "HCV cure" and liver disease on immune activation/dysregulation in reproductive aging HIV and HCV co-infected women and the role of CMV on “immunologic aging” in both children and adults. In infants, she is assessing what effect congenital or perinatal CMV infection has on the developing immune system.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Long-term Effects of IDU, HIV, HCV and the Impact of HCV Cure on Immune Activation and Liver Fibrosis in Aging Women
    NIH R01DA044111Apr 15, 2017 - Feb 28, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH R56AI052065Jun 1, 2002 - May 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HCV and HIV Progression in Women on HAART
    NIH R01AI052065Jun 1, 2002 - May 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Association between levels of receptor binding domain antibodies of SARS-CoV-2, receipt of booster and risk of breakthrough infections: LA pandemic surveillance cohort study. Sci Rep. 2023 11 25; 13(1):20761. Sood N, Lam CN, Kawaguchi E, Pernet O, Kovacs A, Unger JB, Hu H. PMID: 38007568; PMCID: PMC10676434.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    2. Characteristics associated with attitudes and behaviors towards mask wearing during the COVID-19 pandemic: The Trojan Pandemic Response Initiative. BMC Public Health. 2023 10 11; 23(1):1968. Nicolo M, Kawaguchi E, Ghanem-Uzqueda A, Soto D, Deva S, Shanker K, Lee R, Gilliland F, Klausner JD, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Kovacs A, Van Orman S, Hu H, Unger JB. PMID: 37821836; PMCID: PMC10566076.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    3. Risk Factors for Perinatal Transmission of Hepatitis C Virus. Obstet Gynecol. 2023 09 01; 142(3):449-456. Prasad M, Saade GR, Clifton RG, Sandoval GJ, Hughes BL, Reddy UM, Bartholomew A, Salazar A, Chien EK, Tita ATN, Thorp JM, Metz TD, Wapner RJ, Sabharwal V, Simhan HN, Swamy GK, Heyborne KD, Sibai BM, Grobman WA, El-Sayed YY, Casey BM, Parry S, Rathore M, Diaz-Velasco R, Puga AM, Wiznia A, Kovacs A, Garry DJ, Macones GA, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Maternal-Fet. PMID: 37590978; PMCID: PMC10437102.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    4. Longitudinal Assessment of the Enhanced Liver Fibrosis Score in the Era of Contemporary HIV and Hepatitis C Virus Treatment. J Infect Dis. 2023 05 29; 227(11):1274-1281. Gardner AR, Ma Y, Bacchetti P, Price JC, Kuniholm MH, French AL, Gange S, Adimora AA, Minkoff H, Kassaye S, Ofotokun I, Rosenberg W, Kovacs AAZ, Tien PC. PMID: 35951669; PMCID: PMC10226657.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    5. SARS-CoV-2 viral variants can rapidly be identified for clinical decision making and population surveillance using a high-throughput digital droplet PCR assay. Sci Rep. 2023 05 10; 13(1):7612. Pernet O, Weisenhaus M, Stafylis C, Williams C, Campan M, Pettersson J, Green N, Lee DM, Thomas PD, Ward P, Hu H, Klausner JD, Kovacs AAZ, U. S. C. Variant Study Group. PMID: 37165019; PMCID: PMC10170421.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    6. Trust in science and scientists among university students, staff, and faculty of a large, diverse university in Los Angeles during the COVID-19 pandemic, the Trojan Pandemic Response Initiative. BMC Public Health. 2023 03 30; 23(1):601. Nicolo M, Kawaguchi E, Ghanem-Uzqueda A, Soto D, Deva S, Shanker K, Lee R, Gilliland F, Klausner JD, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Kovacs A, Van Orman S, Hu H, Unger JB. PMID: 36997945; PMCID: PMC10061384.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    7. Surveillance of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 and Variants Using Digital Droplet Polymerase Chain Reaction at a Large University and Healthcare System in California. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2023 Apr; 10(4):ofad147. Stafylis C, Pernet O, Hernandez-Tamayo C, Kovacs A, Emerson J, Ward PM, Van Orman S, Gilliland F, Conti D, Weisenhaus M, Ghanem-Uzqueda A, Yepez D, Stellar S, Tadanki AP, Max J, Fottrell H, Ong E, Navarro S, Moses K, Akaolisa M, Hosseini B, Sunesara S, Wang Y, Strum E, Casagrande Y, Arenas N, Williams C, Thomas P, Chu T, Hu H, Klausner JD. PMID: 37089777; PMCID: PMC10117372.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    8. Quantification of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Binding Antibody Levels To Assess Infection and Vaccine-Induced Immunity Using WHO Standards. Microbiol Spectr. 2023 02 14; 11(1):e0370922. Pernet O, Balog S, Kawaguchi ES, Lam CN, Anthony P, Simon P, Kotha R, Sood N, Hu H, Kovacs A. PMID: 36688648; PMCID: PMC9927585.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    9. Correlates of COVID-19 vaccination status among college students. J Am Coll Health. 2023 Jan 03; 1-3. Nicolo M, Kawaguchi E, Ghanem-Uzqueda A, Kim AE, Soto D, Deva S, Shanker K, Rogers C, Lee R, Gilliland F, Van Orman S, Klausner J, Kovacs A, Conti D, Hu H, Unger JB. PMID: 36596228; PMCID: PMC10315412.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    10. Characteristics associated with COVID-19 vaccination status among staff and faculty of a large, diverse University in Los Angeles: The Trojan Pandemic Response Initiative. Prev Med Rep. 2022 Jun; 27:101802. Nicolo M, Kawaguchi ES, Ghanem-Uzqueda A, Kim AE, Soto D, Deva S, Shanker K, Rogers C, Lee R, Casagrande Y, Gilliland F, Van Orman S, Klausner J, Kovacs A, Conti D, Hu H, Unger JB. PMID: 35493961; PMCID: PMC9034831.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6  
    11. Seroprevalence of Antibodies Specific to Receptor Binding Domain of SARS-CoV-2 and Vaccination Coverage Among Adults in Los Angeles County, April 2021: The LA Pandemic Surveillance Cohort Study. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 01 04; 5(1):e2144258. Sood N, Pernet O, Lam CN, Klipp A, Kotha R, Kovacs A, Hu H. PMID: 35050360; PMCID: PMC8777558.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    12. White matter of perinatally HIV infected older youths shows low frequency fluctuations that may reflect glial cycling. Sci Rep. 2021 02 04; 11(1):3086. Sarma MK, Pal A, Keller MA, Welikson T, Ventura J, Michalik DE, Nielsen-Saines K, Deville J, Kovacs A, Operskalski E, Church JA, Macey PM, Biswal B, Thomas MA. PMID: 33542389; PMCID: PMC7862588.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    13. Zika, the Newest TORCH Infectious Disease in the Americas. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 06 10; 70(12):2673-2674. Kovacs AAZ. PMID: 31346608.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    14. Association of HLA Genotype With T-Cell Activation in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and HIV/Hepatitis C Virus-Coinfected Women. J Infect Dis. 2020 03 16; 221(7):1156-1166. Kovacs AAZ, Kono N, Wang CH, Wang D, Frederick T, Operskalski E, Tien PC, French AL, Minkoff H, Kassaye S, T Golub E, Aouizerat BE, Kuniholm MH, Millstein J. PMID: 31802115; PMCID: PMC7325713.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Low maternal vitamin D is associated with increased risk of congenital and peri/postnatal transmission of Cytomegalovirus in women with HIV. PLoS One. 2020; 15(2):e0228900. Bearden A, Van Winden K, Frederick T, Kono N, Operskalski E, Pandian R, Barton L, Stek A, Kovacs A. PMID: 32053638; PMCID: PMC7018030.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    16. Low Bioactive Vitamin D Is Associated with Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension in a Cohort of Pregnant HIV-Infected Women Sampled Over a 23-Year Period. Am J Perinatol. 2020 12; 37(14):1446-1454. Van Winden KR, Bearden A, Kono N, Frederick T, Operskalski E, Stek A, Pandian R, Barton L, Kovacs A. PMID: 31365935; PMCID: PMC6992493.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Reproductive Aging and Hepatic Fibrosis Progression in Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Hepatitis C Virus-Coinfected Women. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Oct 30; 65(10):1695-1702. Sarkar M, Dodge JL, Greenblatt RM, Kuniholm MH, DeHovitz J, Plankey M, Kovacs A, French AL, Seaberg EC, Ofotokun I, Fischl M, Overton E, Kelly E, Bacchetti P, Peters MG, Women’s Interagency HIV Study. PMID: 29020239; PMCID: PMC5850524.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Systemic Immune Activation and HIV Shedding in the Female Genital Tract. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Feb 01; 71(2):155-62. Spencer LY, Christiansen S, Wang CH, Mack WJ, Young M, Strickler HD, Anastos K, Minkoff H, Cohen M, Geenblatt RM, Karim R, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Homans JD, Landay A, Kovacs A. PMID: 26334738; PMCID: PMC4712091.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    19. Impact of Hepatitis C Virus on the Circulating Levels of IL-7 in HIV-1 Coinfected Women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Feb 01; 71(2):172-80. Kerzerho J, McIlvaine EJ, Anthony P, Mack WJ, Wang CH, Frederick T, Operskalski E, Chen Z, Al-Harthi L, Landay A, Young MA, Tien PC, Augenbraun M, Strickler HD, Akbari O, Golub ET, Sharp GB, Kovacs A. PMID: 26761519; PMCID: PMC4712709.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    20. Simultaneous plasma and genital pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of atazanavir and efavirenz in HIV-infected women starting therapy. J Clin Pharmacol. 2015 Jul; 55(7):798-808. Neely M, Louie S, Xu J, Anthony P, Thuvamontolrat K, Mordwinkin N, Kovacs A. PMID: 25683232; PMCID: PMC4461473.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    21. Effect of cytomegalovirus co-infection on normalization of selected T-cell subsets in children with perinatally acquired HIV infection treated with combination antiretroviral therapy. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0120474. Kapetanovic S, Aaron L, Montepiedra G, Anthony P, Thuvamontolrat K, Pahwa S, Burchett S, Weinberg A, Kovacs A, Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 366. PMID: 25794163; PMCID: PMC4368806.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    22. T-cell activation, both pre- and post-HAART levels, correlates with carotid artery stiffness over 6.5 years among HIV-infected women in the WIHS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Nov 01; 67(3):349-56. Karim R, Mack WJ, Kono N, Tien PC, Anastos K, Lazar J, Young M, Desai S, Golub ET, Kaplan RC, Hodis HN, Kovacs A. PMID: 25314253; PMCID: PMC4197806.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    23. Alteration of select gene expression patterns in individuals infected with HIV-1. J Med Virol. 2014 Apr; 86(4):678-86. Serrao E, Wang CH, Frederick T, Lee CL, Anthony P, Arribas-Layton D, Baker K, Millstein J, Kovacs A, Neamati N. PMID: 24482297; PMCID: PMC6894924.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    24. Association of HIV clinical disease progression with profiles of early immune activation: results from a cluster analysis approach. AIDS. 2013 Jun 01; 27(9):1473-81. Karim R, Mack WJ, Stiller T, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Landay A, Young MA, Tien PC, Augenbraun M, Strickler HD, Kovacs A. PMID: 23945505; PMCID: PMC3949252.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    25. The effect of prenatal highly active antiretroviral therapy on the transmission of congenital and perinatal/early postnatal cytomegalovirus among HIV-infected and HIV-exposed infants. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Sep; 55(6):877-84. Frederick T, Homans J, Spencer L, Kramer F, Stek A, Operskalski E, Kovacs A. PMID: 22675157.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    26. T-cell activation and neurodevelopmental outcomes in perinatally HIV-infected children. AIDS. 2012 May 15; 26(8):959-69. Kapetanovic S, Aaron L, Montepiedra G, Burchett SK, Kovacs A. PMID: 22382148; PMCID: PMC3437925.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    27. Permissive and protective factors associated with presence, level, and longitudinal pattern of cervicovaginal HIV shedding. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 May 01; 60(1):99-110. Homans J, Christensen S, Stiller T, Wang CH, Mack W, Anastos K, Minkoff H, Young M, Greenblatt R, Cohen M, Strickler H, Karim R, Spencer LY, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Kovacs A. PMID: 22517416; PMCID: PMC3334315.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    28. HIV/HCV co-infection: pathogenesis, clinical complications, treatment, and new therapeutic technologies. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2011 Mar; 8(1):12-22. Operskalski EA, Kovacs A. PMID: 21221855; PMCID: PMC3035774.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 91     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    29. Activation of CD8 T cells predicts progression of HIV infection in women coinfected with hepatitis C virus. J Infect Dis. 2010 Mar 15; 201(6):823-34. Kovacs A, Karim R, Mack WJ, Xu J, Chen Z, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Landay A, Voris J, Spencer LS, Young MA, Tien PC, Augenbraun M, Strickler HD, Al-Harthi L. PMID: 20151840; PMCID: PMC3105602.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    30. Early immune activation predicts central nervous system disease in HIV-infected infants: implications for early treatment. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Feb 01; 48(3):347-9. Kovacs A. PMID: 19115973.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Correlates of perinatal depression in HIV-infected women. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2009 Feb; 23(2):101-8. Kapetanovic S, Christensen S, Karim R, Lin F, Mack WJ, Operskalski E, Frederick T, Spencer L, Stek A, Kramer F, Kovacs A. PMID: 19196032; PMCID: PMC2856494.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. CD8(+) T cell activation in women coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and hepatitis C virus. J Infect Dis. 2008 May 15; 197(10):1402-7. Kovacs A, Al-Harthi L, Christensen S, Mack W, Cohen M, Landay A. PMID: 18444798; PMCID: PMC2443164.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 51     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    33. Factors associated with hepatitis C viremia in a large cohort of HIV-infected and -uninfected women. J Clin Virol. 2008 Apr; 41(4):255-63. Operskalski EA, Mack WJ, Strickler HD, French AL, Augenbraun M, Tien PC, Villacres MC, Spencer LY, Degiacomo M, Kovacs A. PMID: 18243785; PMCID: PMC3493623.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. The insulin-like growth factor axis and risk of liver disease in hepatitis C virus/HIV-co-infected women. AIDS. 2008 Feb 19; 22(4):527-31. Strickler HD, Howard AA, Peters M, Fazzari M, Yu H, Augenbraun M, French AL, Young M, Gange S, Anastos K, Kovacs A. PMID: 18301066; PMCID: PMC3507535.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Isolated hepatitis B core antibody is associated with HIV and ongoing but not resolved hepatitis C virus infection in a cohort of US women. J Infect Dis. 2007 May 15; 195(10):1437-42. French AL, Operskalski E, Peters M, Strickler HD, Tien PC, Sharp GB, Glesby MJ, Young M, Augenbraun M, Seaberg E, Kovacs A. PMID: 17436223; PMCID: PMC3133731.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    36. Evaluating the impact of hepatitis C virus (HCV) on highly active antiretroviral therapy-mediated immune responses in HCV/HIV-coinfected women: role of HCV on expression of primed/memory T cells. J Infect Dis. 2006 May 01; 193(9):1202-10. Al-Harthi L, Voris J, Du W, Wright D, Nowicki M, Frederick T, Landay A, Kovacs A. PMID: 16586355; PMCID: PMC3126663.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    37. The role of race and gender in T cell responses in children perinatally infected with HIV-1. J Infect Dis. 2005 Nov 15; 192(10):1683-5. Kovacs A, Villacres MC. PMID: 16235164; PMCID: PMC3127256.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    38. Immune reconstitution after receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy in children with advanced or progressive HIV disease and complete or partial viral load response. J Infect Dis. 2005 Jul 15; 192(2):296-302. Kovacs A, Montepiedra G, Carey V, Pahwa S, Weinberg A, Frenkel L, Capparelli E, Mofenson L, Smith E, McIntosh K, Burchett SK, Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group 366 Study Team. PMID: 15962224.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    39. Pharmacokinetics of didanosine and drug resistance mutations in infants exposed to zidovudine during gestation or postnatally and treated with didanosine or zidovudine in the first three months of life. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2005 Jun; 24(6):503-9. Kovacs A, Cowles MK, Britto P, Capparelli E, Fowler MG, Moye J, McIntosh K, Rathore MH, Pitt J, Husson RN. PMID: 15933559.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    40. HCV viremia is associated with drug use in young HIV-1 and HCV coinfected pregnant and non-pregnant women. Addiction. 2005 May; 100(5):626-35. Nikolopoulou GB, Nowicki MJ, Du W, Homans J, Stek A, Kramer F, Kovacs A. PMID: 15847620; PMCID: PMC3118993.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    41. Reduced type 1 and type 2 cytokines in antiviral memory T helper function among women coinfected with HIV and HCV. J Clin Immunol. 2005 Mar; 25(2):134-41. Villacres MC, Literat O, Degiacomo M, Du W, La Rosa C, Diamond DJ, Kovacs A. PMID: 15821890; PMCID: PMC3127261.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    42. Association between syphilis, antibodies to herpes simplex virus type 2, and recreational drug use and hepatitis B virus infection in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Nov 01; 39(9):1363-70. Tien PC, Kovacs A, Bacchetti P, French AL, Augenbraun M, Cole SR, Hessol N, Justman J, Women's Interagency HIV Study. PMID: 15494914; PMCID: PMC3118996.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    43. Management of antiretroviral therapy in neonates, children, and adolescents. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2004 Jun; 1(2):97-104. Neely M, Kovacs A. PMID: 16091229.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    44. HIV-1 and immune control: can we change the course of HIV-1? Lancet. 2004 Mar 13; 363(9412):833-4. Kovacs A, Connors M. PMID: 15031022.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    45. Management of Antiretroviral Therapy in Neonates, Children, and Adolescents. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2003 Dec; 5(6):521-530. Neely M, Kovacs A. PMID: 14642195.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    46. Correlates of immune activation marker changes in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive and high-risk HIV-seronegative women who use illicit drugs. J Infect Dis. 2003 Jul 15; 188(2):209-18. Landay A, Benning L, Bremer J, Weiser B, Burger H, Nowicki M, Kovacs A. PMID: 12854075; PMCID: PMC3164115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    47. Determinants of HIV-1 shedding in the genital tract of women. Lancet. 2001 Nov 10; 358(9293):1593-601. Kovacs A, Wasserman SS, Burns D, Wright DJ, Cohn J, Landay A, Weber K, Cohen M, Levine A, Minkoff H, Miotti P, Palefsky J, Young M, Reichelderfer P, DATRI Study Group, WIHS Study Group. PMID: 11716886.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 82     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    48. Variation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 viral RNA levels in the female genital tract: implications for applying measurements to individual women. J Infect Dis. 2001 Nov 01; 184(9):1187-91. Coombs RW, Wright DJ, Reichelderfer PS, Burns DN, Cohn J, Cu-Uvin S, Baron PA, Cohen MH, Landay AL, Lewis S, Kovacs A, Women's Health Study 001 Team. PMID: 11598843.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    49. Incidence and determinants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection among persons with HIV: association with hospital exposure. Am J Infect Control. 2001 Apr; 29(2):79-84. Sorvillo F, Beall G, Turner PA, Beer VL, Kovacs AA, Kerndt PR. PMID: 11287873.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    50. Incorporation of zidovudine into cord blood DNA of infants and peripheral blood DNA of their HIV-1-positive mothers. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2000 Nov; 918:262-8. Olivero OA, Shearer GM, Chougnet CA, Kovacs AA, Baker R, Stek AM, Khoury MM, Poirier MC. PMID: 11131712.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    51. Effect of menstrual cycle on HIV-1 levels in the peripheral blood and genital tract. WHS 001 Study Team. AIDS. 2000 Sep 29; 14(14):2101-7. Reichelderfer PS, Coombs RW, Wright DJ, Cohn J, Burns DN, Cu-Uvin S, Baron PA, Coheng MH, Landay AL, Beckner SK, Lewis SR, Kovacs AA. PMID: 11061650.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    52. The relative value of CD4 cell count and quantitative HIV-1 RNA in predicting survival in HIV-1-infected women: results of the women's interagency HIV study. AIDS. 1999 Sep 10; 13(13):1717-26. Anastos K, Kalish LA, Hessol N, Weiser B, Melnick S, Burns D, Delapenha R, DeHovitz J, Cohen M, Meyer W, Bremer J, Kovacs A. PMID: 10509574.
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    53. Cytomegalovirus infection and HIV-1 disease progression in infants born to HIV-1-infected women. Pediatric Pulmonary and Cardiovascular Complications of Vertically Transmitted HIV Infection Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1999 Jul 08; 341(2):77-84. Kovacs A, Schluchter M, Easley K, Demmler G, Shearer W, La Russa P, Pitt J, Cooper E, Goldfarb J, Hodes D, Kattan M, McIntosh K. PMID: 10395631; PMCID: PMC4280563.
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    54. Incorporation of zidovudine into leukocyte DNA from HIV-1-positive adults and pregnant women, and cord blood from infants exposed in utero. AIDS. 1999 May 28; 13(8):919-25. Olivero OA, Shearer GM, Chougnet CA, Kovacs AA, Landay AL, Baker R, Stek AM, Khoury MM, Proia LA, Kessler HA, Sha BE, Tarone RE, Poirier MC. PMID: 10371172.
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    55. The mode of delivery and the risk of vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1--a meta-analysis of 15 prospective cohort studies. N Engl J Med. 1999 04 01; 340(13):977-87. International Perinatal HIV Group, Andiman W, Bryson Y, de Martino M, Fowler M, Harris D, Hutto C, Korber B, Kovacs A, Landesman S, Lindsay M, Lapointe N, Mandelbrot L, Newell M-L, Peavy H, Read J, Rudin C, Semprini A, Simonds R, Tuomala R. PMID: 10099139.
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    56. Seasonality and factors associated with cryptosporidiosis among individuals with HIV infection. Epidemiol Infect. 1998 Aug; 121(1):197-204. Sorvillo F, Beall G, Turner PA, Beer VL, Kovacs AA, Kraus P, Masters D, Kerndt PR. PMID: 9747773; PMCID: PMC2809492.
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    57. Incidence and factors associated with extrapulmonary cryptococcosis among persons with HIV infection in Los Angeles County. AIDS. 1997 Apr; 11(5):673-9. Sorvillo F, Beall G, Turner PA, Beer VL, Kovacs AA, Kerndt PR. PMID: 9108950.
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    58. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection of the heart in three infants with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and sudden death. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1996 Sep; 15(9):819-24. Kovacs A, Hinton DR, Wright D, Xu J, Li XL, Rasheed S, Hofman F. PMID: 8878228.
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    59. PCP prophylaxis in paediatric HIV infection: time for a change? Lancet. 1994 Jul 02; 344(8914):5-6. Kovacs JA, Kovacs AA. PMID: 7912309.
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    60. Molecular and epidemiologic evaluations of a cluster of cases of Ménétrièr's disease associated with cytomegalovirus. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1993 Dec; 12(12):1011-4. Kovacs AA, Churchill MA, Wood D, Mascola L, Zaia JA. PMID: 8108207.
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    61. CD4 T-lymphocyte counts and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in pediatric HIV infection. JAMA. 1991 Apr 03; 265(13):1698-703. Kovacs A, Frederick T, Church J, Eller A, Oxtoby M, Mascola L. PMID: 1672169.
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    62. Seroepidemiologic studies of cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus infections in relation to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in selected recipient populations. Transfusion Safety Study Group. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (1988). 1989; 2(6):540-9. Lang DJ, Kovacs AA, Zaia JA, Doelkin G, Niland JC, Aledort L, Azen SP, Fletcher MA, Gauderman J, Gjerset GJ, et al. PMID: 2555471.
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