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Rob Scot McConnell, MD

Title(s)Professor of Preventive Medicine
Phone+1 323 442 1593
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    Dr. Rob McConnell is a physician and environmental epidemiologist, and Professor of Preventive Medicine. He directs the NIH/Environmental Protection Agency-supported Southern California Children’s Environmental Health Center. He has studied the effects of air pollution on children’s health, including the development of asthma and lung function deficits, and early markers for cardiovascular disease. Dr. McConnell has investigated susceptibility to the effects of environmental exposures conferred by psychosocial stress and social factors, exercise, genetics and co-exposures associated with housing conditions. He has interest, in addition, in the development of methods for estimating the burden of disease associated with near-roadway air pollution and for assessing exposure in environmental epidemiology. Currently funded research is focused on environmental determinants of autism and of obesity and its metabolic consequences in children; on respiratory hazards of e-cigarette use; and on the determinants of tobacco product use as a project director in the USC Tobacco Center for Regulatory Science. He co-directs the NIEHS T32 training program in environmental genomics and the Career Development Program of the NIEHS-supported Southern California Environmental Health Sciences Center. Prior to coming to USC, he directed a World Health Organization regional environmental health center for Latin America and the Caribbean. Dr. McConnell is a member of EPA’s Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC) Particulate Matter Panel. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

    Selected peer-reviewed publications (from over 140):

    1. Impact of air pollution on childhood respiratory disease and lung function and asthma.

    a. McConnell R, Berhane K, Gilliland F, London SJ, Islam T, Gauderman WJ, Avol E, Margolis HG, Peters JM. Asthma in exercising children exposed to ozone: a cohort study. Lancet. 2002 Feb 2;359(9304):386-91. PubMed PMID: 11844508
    b. Gauderman WJ, Vora H, McConnell R, Berhane K, Gilliland F, Thomas D, Lurmann F, Avol E, Kunzli N, Jerrett M, Peters J. Effect of exposure to traffic on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age: a cohort study. Lancet. 2007 Feb 17;369(9561):571-7. PubMed PMID: 17307103.
    c. McConnell R, Islam T, Shankardass K, Jerrett M, Lurmann F, Gilliland F, Gauderman J, Avol E, Künzli N, Yao L, Peters J, Berhane K. Childhood incident asthma and traffic-related air pollution at home and school. Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Jul;118(7):1021-6. PubMed PMID: 20371422; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2920902.
    d. *Urman R, McConnell R, Islam T, Avol EL, Lurmann FW, Vora H, Linn WS, Rappaport EB, Gilliland FD, Gauderman WJ. Associations of children's lung function with ambient air pollution: joint effects of regional and near-roadway pollutants. Thorax. 2014 Jun;69(6):540-7. PubMed PMID: 24253832; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4191894.
    e. Gauderman WJ, Urman R, Avol E, Berhane K, McConnell R, Rappaport E, Chang R, Lurmann F, Gilliland F. Association of improved air quality with lung development in children. N Engl J Med. 2015 Mar 5;372(10):905-13. PubMed PMID: 25738666; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4430551.

    2. Novel risk factors for respiratory disease and their interactions with air pollution that may provide clues to relevant biological pathways.

    a. McConnell R, Berhane K, Molitor J, Gilliland F, Künzli N, Thorne PS, Thomas D, Gauderman WJ, Avol E, Lurmann F, Rappaport E, Jerrett M, Peters JM. Dog ownership enhances symptomatic responses to air pollution in children with asthma. Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Dec;114(12):1910-5. PubMed PMID: 17185284; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC1764158.
    b. *Shankardass K, McConnell R, Jerrett M, Milam J, Richardson J, Berhane K. Parental stress increases the effect of traffic-related air pollution on childhood asthma incidence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Jul 28;106(30):12406-11. PubMed PMID: 19620729; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2718368.
    c. *Islam T, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Berhane K, Avol E, Peters JM,Gilliland FD. Glutathione-S-Transferase (GST) P1, exercise, ozone and asthma incidence in school children. Thorax. 2009 Mar; 64(3):197-202. PubMed PMID: 18988661; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2738935.
    d. *Islam T, Urman R, Gauderman WJ, Milam J, Lurmann F, Shankardass K, Avol E, Gilliland F, McConnell R. Parental Stress Increases the Detrimental Effect of Traffic Exposure on Children's Lung Function. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Oct 1;184(7):822-7. PubMed PMID: 21700914; PMCID: PMC3208647.
    3. Neurological effects of diverse environmental exposures in studies of children and workers.
    a. Rosenstock L, Keifer M, Daniell WE, McConnell R, Claypoole K. Chronic central nervous system effects of acute organophosphate pesticide intoxication. The Pesticide Health Effects Study Group. Lancet. 1991 Jul 27;338(8761):223-7. PubMed PMID: 1676786.
    b. *Volk HE, Hertz-Picciotto I, Delwiche L, Lurmann F, McConnell R. Residential proximity to freeways and autism in the CHARGE study. Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Jun;119(6):873-7. PubMed PMID: 21156395; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3114825.
    c. *Volk HE, Lurmann F, Penfold B, Hertz-Picciotto I, McConnell R. Traffic-related air pollution, particulate matter, and autism. JAMA Psychiatry. 2013 Jan;70(1):71-7. PubMed PMID: 23404082; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4019010.
    d. *Volk HE, Kerin T, Lurmann F, Hertz-Picciotto I, McConnell R, Campbell DB. Autism spectrum disorder: interaction of air pollution with the MET receptor tyrosine kinase gene. Epidemiology. 2014 Jan;25(1):44-7. PubMed PMID: 24240654; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4019012.

    4. Associations of air pollution in children with obesogenic and cardiometabolic outcomes.

    a. Breton CV, Wang X, Mack WJ, Berhane K, Lopez M, Islam TS, Feng M, Lurmann F, McConnell R, Hodis HN, Künzli N, Avol E. Childhood air pollutant exposure and carotid artery intima-media thickness in young adults. Circulation. 2012 Sep 25;126(13):1614-20. PubMed PMID: 22896588; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3474843.
    b. Jerrett M, McConnell R, Wolch J, Chang R, Lam C, Dunton G, Gilliland F, Lurmann F, Islam T, Berhane K. Traffic-related air pollution and obesity formation in children: a longitudinal, multilevel analysis. Environ Health. 2014 Jun 9;13:49. PubMed PMID: 24913018; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4106205.
    c. McConnell R, Shen E, Gilliland FD, Jerrett M, Wolch J, Chang CC, Lurmann F, Berhane K. A longitudinal cohort study of body mass index and childhood exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke and air pollution: the Southern California Children's Health Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2015 Apr;123(4):360-6. PubMed PMID: 25389275; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4384197.
    d. *Ghosh R, Gauderman W, Minor H, Youn H, Lurman F, Cromar K, Chatzi L, Belcher B, Ren Fielding C, McConnell R. Air pollution, weight loss and metabolic benefits of bariatric surgery: A potential model for study of metabolic effects of environmental exposures. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity in press.

    5. Emerging risks of e-cigarettes, cigarettes, and other alternative tobacco products

    a. *Barrington-Trimis, JL, Samet, JM, McConnell, R. Flavorings in Electronic Cigarettes: An Unrecognized Respiratory Health Hazard? JAMA. 2014 Dec 17;312(23):2493-4.doi:10.1001/jama.2014.14830.
    b. *Barrington-Trimis JL, Urman R, Berhane K, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Pentz MA, Samet JM, Leventhal AM, McConnell R. E-Cigarettes and Future Cigarette Use. Pediatrics. 2016;138(1). PubMed PMID: 27296866; PMCID: PMC4925085.
    c. *Barrington-Trimis JL, Urman R, Leventhal AM, Gauderman WJ, Cruz TB, Gilreath TD, Howland S, Unger JB, Berhane K, Samet JM, McConnell R. E-cigarettes, Cigarettes, and the Prevalence of Adolescent Tobacco Use. Pediatrics. 2016; 138(2). PubMed PMID: 27401102; PMCID: PNC4960723.
    d. McConnell R, Barrington-Trimis JL, Wang K, Urman R, Hong H, Unger J, Samet J, Leventhal A, Berhane K. Electronic-cigarette Use and Respiratory Symptoms in Adolescents. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017;195(8):1043-1049. PubMed PMID: 27806211.

    6. Novel methods for assessing burden and cost of disease associated with near-roadway air pollution and applications to engagement of Southern California stakeholders

    a. Künzli N, Perez L, Lurmann F, Hricko A, Penfold B, McConnell R. An attributable risk model for exposures assumed to cause both chronic disease and its exacerbations. Epidemiology. 2008;19(2):179-85. PubMed PMID: 18300703
    b. *Brandt S, Perez L, Künzli N, Lurmann F, McConnell R. Costs of childhood asthma due to traffic-related pollution in two California communities. European Respiratory Journal. 2012 Aug;40(2):363-70. PubMed PMID: 22267764; PMCID: PMC4396740.
    c. *Perez L, Lurman F, Wilson J, Pastor M, Brandt S, Kunzli N, McConnell R. Near-Roadway Pollution and Childhood Asthma: Implications for Developing “Win-Win” Compact Urban Development and Clean Vehicle Strategies. Environ Health Perspect. 2012; 120(11):1619-26. PubMed PMID: 23008270; PMCID: PMC3556611.
    d. Brandt, S, Perez, L, Kunzil, N, Lurman, F, Wilson, J, Pastor, McConnell, R. Cost of near-roadway and regional air pollution–attributable childhood asthma in Los Angeles County.Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2014,134:5;1028-1035. PubMed PMID: 25439228; PMCID: PMC4257136.
    e. *Ghosh R, Lurmann F, Perez L, Penfold B, Brandt S, Wilson J, Milet M, Künzli N, McConnell R. Near-Roadway Air Pollution and Coronary Heart Disease: Burden of Disease and Potential Impact of a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy in Southern California. Environ Health Perspect. 2016 Aug;124(2):193-200. PubMed PMID: 26149207; PMCID: PMC4749075.


    *Student or junior faculty mentored by McConnell

    A complete list of peer reviewed publications is available at:

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/myncbi/rob.mcconnell.1/bibliography/40704438/public/?sort=date&direction= descending

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Particulate Air Pollutants and Autism Risk: Exposure Characteristics, Indicators of Susceptibility, and Mechanistic Pathways
    NIH/NIEHS R01ES029963Aug 1, 2019 - May 31, 2023
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Diacetyl in e-cigarette flavorings: Acute and subacute pulmonary effects
    NIH/NICHD R21HD084812Aug 1, 2015 - Jul 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Air pollution, immune modulation of adipose tissue and type-2 diabetes risk factors
    NIH/NIEHS R21ES024707Jul 10, 2014 - Jun 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Southern California Children's Enviromental Health Center (SC-CEHC)
    NIH/NIEHS P01ES022845Jul 1, 2013 - May 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Investigating Gene-Environment Interaction in Autism: Air Pollution x
    NIH/NIEHS R21ES019002Sep 28, 2009 - Jul 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Childhood Asthma, Susceptibility and Biological Activity of Ambient Particles
    NIH/NIEHS R01ES016535Sep 10, 2008 - Jun 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Socioeconomic Status, Stress, Air Pollution and Asthma
    NIH/NIEHS R03ES014046Sep 1, 2005 - Aug 31, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Environmental Genomics
    NIH/NIEHS T32ES013678Apr 30, 2005 - Jun 30, 2024
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Jo H, Eckel SP, Wang X, Chen JC, Cockburn M, Martinez MP, Chow T, Molshatzki N, Lurmann FW, Funk WE, Xiang AH, McConnell R. Sex-specific associations of autism spectrum disorder with residential air pollution exposure in a large Southern California pregnancy cohort. Environ Pollut. 2019 Nov; 254(Pt A):113010. PMID: 31554142.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Garcia E, Urman R, Berhane K, McConnell R, Gilliland F. Effects of policy-driven hypothetical air pollutant interventions on childhood asthma incidence in southern California. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Jul 22. PMID: 31332016.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Barrington-Trimis JL, Bello MS, Liu F, Leventhal AM, Kong G, Mayer M, Cruz TB, Krishnan-Sarin S, McConnell R. Ethnic Differences in Patterns of Cigarette and E-Cigarette Use Over Time Among Adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2019 Jun 24. PMID: 31248804.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Chen Z, Newgard CB, Kim JS, IIkayeva O, Alderete TL, Thomas DC, Berhane K, Breton C, Chatzi L, Bastain TM, McConnell R, Avol E, Lurmann F, Muehlbauer MJ, Hauser ER, Gilliland FD. Near-roadway air pollution exposure and altered fatty acid oxidation among adolescents and young adults - The interplay with obesity. Environ Int. 2019 Jun 22; 130:104935. PMID: 31238265.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Jo H, Eckel SP, Chen JC, Cockburn M, Martinez MP, Chow T, Lurmann F, Funk WE, McConnell R, Xiang AH. Associations of gestational diabetes mellitus with residential air pollution exposure in a large Southern California pregnancy cohort. Environ Int. 2019 Jun 21; 130:104933. PMID: 31234004.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Cruz TB, McConnell R, Low BW, Unger JB, Pentz MA, Urman R, Berhane K, Chou CP, Liu F, Barrington-Trimis JL. Tobacco Marketing and Subsequent Use of Cigarettes, E-Cigarettes, and Hookah in Adolescents. Nicotine Tob Res. 2019 Jun 21; 21(7):926-932. PMID: 29846704.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Garcia E, Berhane KT, Islam T, McConnell R, Urman R, Chen Z, Gilliland FD. Association of Changes in Air Quality With Incident Asthma in Children in California, 1993-2014. JAMA. 2019 05 21; 321(19):1906-1915. PMID: 31112259.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Barrington-Trimis JL, Liu F, Unger JB, Alonzo T, Cruz TB, Urman R, Pentz MA, Berhane K, McConnell R. Evaluating the predictive value of measures of susceptibility to tobacco and alternative tobacco products. Addict Behav. 2019 Sep; 96:50-55. PMID: 31035078.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Astor RL, Urman R, Barrington-Trimis JL, Berhane K, Steinberg J, Cousineau M, Leventhal AM, Unger JB, Cruz T, Pentz MA, Samet JM, McConnell R. Tobacco Retail Licensing and Youth Product Use. Pediatrics. 2019 Feb; 143(2). PMID: 30617237.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Barrington-Trimis JL, Kong G, Leventhal AM, Liu F, Mayer M, Cruz TB, Krishnan-Sarin S, McConnell R. E-cigarette Use and Subsequent Smoking Frequency Among Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2018 Dec; 142(6). PMID: 30397165.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Younan D, Li L, Tuvblad C, Wu J, Lurmann F, Franklin M, Berhane K, McConnell R, Wu AH, Baker LA, Chen JC. Long-Term Ambient Temperature and Externalizing Behaviors in Adolescents. Am J Epidemiol. 2018 Sep 01; 187(9):1931-1941. PMID: 29788079.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Cho J, Goldenson NI, Stone MD, McConnell R, Barrington-Trimis JL, Chou CP, Sussman SY, Riggs NR, Leventhal AM. Characterizing Polytobacco Use Trajectories and Their Associations With Substance Use and Mental Health Across Mid-Adolescence. Nicotine Tob Res. 2018 08 14; 20(suppl_1):S31-S38. PMID: 30125023.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Unger JB, Urman R, Cruz TB, Majmundar A, Barrington-Trimis J, Pentz MA, McConnell R. Talking about tobacco on Twitter is associated with tobacco product use. Prev Med. 2018 09; 114:54-56. PMID: 29898418.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Urman R, Eckel S, Deng H, Berhane K, Avol E, Lurmann F, McConnell R, Gilliland F. RISK EFFECTS OF NEAR-ROADWAY POLLUTANTS AND ASTHMA STATUS ON BRONCHITIC SYMPTOMS IN CHILDREN. Environ Epidemiol. 2018 Jun; 2(2). PMID: 30519674.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Urman R, McConnell R, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Samet JM, Berhane K, Barrington-Trimis JL. Electronic Cigarette and Cigarette Social Environments and Ever Use of Each Product: A Prospective Study of Young Adults in Southern California. Nicotine Tob Res. 2018 May 08. PMID: 29741713.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Barrington-Trimis JL, Gibson LA, Halpern-Felsher B, Harrell MB, Kong G, Krishnan-Sarin S, Leventhal AM, Loukas A, McConnell R, Weaver SR. Type of E-Cigarette Device Used Among Adolescents and Young Adults: Findings From a Pooled Analysis of Eight Studies of 2166 Vapers. Nicotine Tob Res. 2018 01 05; 20(2):271-274. PMID: 28371890.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Kerin T, Volk H, Li W, Lurmann F, Eckel S, McConnell R, Hertz-Picciotto I. Association Between Air Pollution Exposure, Cognitive and Adaptive Function, and ASD Severity Among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Autism Dev Disord. 2018 01; 48(1):137-150. PMID: 28921105.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Zhou H, Li XI, Kim JH, Salam MT, Kim HB, McConnell RS, Habre R, Bastain T, Farzan SF, Johnston J, Gilliland FD. Effect of inhaled allergens and air pollutants on childhood rhinitis development. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2018 02; 120(2):212-214. PMID: 29217086.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Goldenson NI, Leventhal AM, Stone MD, McConnell RS, Barrington-Trimis JL. Associations of Electronic Cigarette Nicotine Concentration With Subsequent Cigarette Smoking and Vaping Levels in Adolescents. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 12 01; 171(12):1192-1199. PMID: 29059261.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Goodrich AJ, Volk HE, Tancredi DJ, McConnell R, Lurmann FW, Hansen RL, Schmidt RJ. Joint effects of prenatal air pollutant exposure and maternal folic acid supplementation on risk of autism spectrum disorder. Autism Res. 2018 01; 11(1):69-80. PMID: 29120534.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Barrington-Trimis JL, Leventhal AM, Alonzo TA, Cruz TB, Urman R, Liu F, Pentz MA, Unger JB, McConnell R. Performance of cigarette susceptibility index among e-cigarette and hookah users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 02 01; 183:43-50. PMID: 29223916.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Hsieh S, Leaderer BP, Feldstein AE, Santoro N, McKay LA, Caprio S, McConnell R. Traffic-related air pollution associations with cytokeratin-18, a marker of hepatocellular apoptosis, in an overweight and obese paediatric population. Pediatr Obes. 2018 06; 13(6):342-347. PMID: 28730729.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Leventhal AM, Urman R, Barrington-Trimis JL, Goldenson NI, Gallegos K, Chou CP, Wang K, Berhane K, Cruz TB, Pentz MA, Unger J, McConnell RS. Perceived stress and poly-tobacco product use across adolescence: Patterns of association and gender differences. J Psychiatr Res. 2017 11; 94:172-179. PMID: 28738287.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Ghosh R, Gauderman WJ, Minor H, Youn HA, Lurmann F, Cromar KR, Chatzi L, Belcher B, Fielding CR, McConnell R. Air pollution, weight loss and metabolic benefits of bariatric surgery: a potential model for study of metabolic effects of environmental exposures. Pediatr Obes. 2018 05; 13(5):312-320. PMID: 28429404.
      View in: PubMed
    25. McConnell R, Barrington-Trimis JL, Wang K, Urman R, Hong H, Unger J, Samet J, Leventhal A, Berhane K. Electronic Cigarette Use and Respiratory Symptoms in Adolescents. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 04 15; 195(8):1043-1049. PMID: 27806211.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Wolff MS, Buckley JP, Engel SM, McConnell RS, Barr DB. Emerging exposures of developmental toxicants. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2017 Apr; 29(2):218-224. PMID: 28059904.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Barrington-Trimis JL, Urman R, Leventhal AM, Gauderman WJ, Cruz TB, Gilreath TD, Howland S, Unger JB, Berhane K, Samet JM, McConnell R. E-cigarettes, Cigarettes, and the Prevalence of Adolescent Tobacco Use. Pediatrics. 2016 08; 138(2). PMID: 27401102.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Barrington-Trimis JL, Urman R, Berhane K, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Pentz MA, Samet JM, Leventhal AM, McConnell R. E-Cigarettes and Future Cigarette Use. Pediatrics. 2016 07; 138(1). PMID: 27296866.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Younan D, Tuvblad C, Li L, Wu J, Lurmann F, Franklin M, Berhane K, McConnell R, Wu AH, Baker LA, Chen JC. Environmental Determinants of Aggression in Adolescents: Role of Urban Neighborhood Greenspace. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2016 07; 55(7):591-601. PMID: 27343886.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Barrington-Trimis JL, Berhane K, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Urman R, Chou CP, Howland S, Wang K, Pentz MA, Gilreath TD, Huh J, Leventhal AM, Samet JM, McConnell R. The E-cigarette Social Environment, E-cigarette Use, and Susceptibility to Cigarette Smoking. J Adolesc Health. 2016 07; 59(1):75-80. PMID: 27161417.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Berhane K, Chang CC, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Avol E, Rapapport E, Urman R, Lurmann F, Gilliland F. Association of Changes in Air Quality With Bronchitic Symptoms in Children in California, 1993-2012. JAMA. 2016 Apr 12; 315(14):1491-501. PMID: 27115265.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Breton CV, Mack WJ, Yao J, Berhane K, Amadeus M, Lurmann F, Gilliland F, McConnell R, Hodis HN, Künzli N, Avol E. Prenatal Air Pollution Exposure and Early Cardiovascular Phenotypes in Young Adults. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0150825. PMID: 26950592.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Gilreath TD, Leventhal A, Barrington-Trimis JL, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Berhane K, Huh J, Urman R, Wang K, Howland S, Pentz MA, Chou CP, McConnell R. Patterns of Alternative Tobacco Product Use: Emergence of Hookah and E-cigarettes as Preferred Products Amongst Youth. J Adolesc Health. 2016 Feb; 58(2):181-5. PMID: 26598059.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Dunton G, Dzubur E, Li M, Huh J, Intille S, McConnell R. Momentary Assessment of Psychosocial Stressors, Context, and Asthma Symptoms in Hispanic Adolescents. Behav Modif. 2016 Jan; 40(1-2):257-80. PMID: 26438664.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Barrington-Trimis JL, Berhane K, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Huh J, Leventhal AM, Urman R, Wang K, Howland S, Gilreath TD, Chou CP, Pentz MA, McConnell R. Psychosocial Factors Associated With Adolescent Electronic Cigarette and Cigarette Use. Pediatrics. 2015 Aug; 136(2):308-17. PMID: 26216326.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Ghosh R, Lurmann F, Perez L, Penfold B, Brandt S, Wilson J, Milet M, Künzli N, McConnell R. Near-Roadway Air Pollution and Coronary Heart Disease: Burden of Disease and Potential Impact of a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy in Southern California. Environ Health Perspect. 2016 Feb; 124(2):193-200. PMID: 26149207.
      View in: PubMed
    37. McConnell R, Gilliland FD, Goran M, Allayee H, Hricko A, Mittelman S. Does near-roadway air pollution contribute to childhood obesity? Pediatr Obes. 2016 Feb; 11(1):1-3. PMID: 25820202.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Gauderman WJ, Urman R, Avol E, Berhane K, McConnell R, Rappaport E, Chang R, Lurmann F, Gilliland F. Association of improved air quality with lung development in children. N Engl J Med. 2015 Mar 05; 372(10):905-13. PMID: 25738666.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Dzubur E, Li M, Kawabata K, Sun Y, McConnell R, Intille S, Dunton GF. Design of a smartphone application to monitor stress, asthma symptoms, and asthma inhaler use. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015 Apr; 114(4):341-342.e2. PMID: 25661657.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Barrington-Trimis JL, Samet JM, McConnell R. Flavorings in electronic cigarettes: an unrecognized respiratory health hazard? JAMA. 2014 Dec 17; 312(23):2493-4. PMID: 25383564.
      View in: PubMed
    41. McConnell R, Shen E, Gilliland FD, Jerrett M, Wolch J, Chang CC, Lurmann F, Berhane K. A longitudinal cohort study of body mass index and childhood exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke and air pollution: the Southern California Children's Health Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2015 Apr; 123(4):360-6. PMID: 25389275.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Urman R, Gauderman J, Fruin S, Lurmann F, Liu F, Hosseini R, Franklin M, Avol E, Penfold B, Gilliland F, Brunekreef B, McConnell R. Determinants of the Spatial Distributions of Elemental Carbon and Particulate Matter in Eight Southern Californian Communities. Atmos Environ (1994). 2014 Apr 01; 86:84-92. PMID: 25313293.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Milam J, Slaughter R, Verma G, McConnell R. Hair Cortisol, Perceived Stress and Dispositional Optimism: A Pilot Study among Adolescents. J Trauma Stress Disord Treat. 2014 Mar 18; 3(3):1000126. PMID: 25426491.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Fruin S, Urman R, Lurmann F, McConnell R, Gauderman J, Rappaport E, Franklin M, Gilliland FD, Shafer M, Gorski P, Avol E. Spatial Variation in Particulate Matter Components over a Large Urban Area. Atmos Environ (1994). 2014 Feb 01; 83:211-219. PMID: 24578605.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Volk HE, Kerin T, Lurmann F, Hertz-Picciotto I, McConnell R, Campbell DB. Autism spectrum disorder: interaction of air pollution with the MET receptor tyrosine kinase gene. Epidemiology. 2014 Jan; 25(1):44-7. PMID: 24240654.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Urman R, McConnell R, Islam T, Avol EL, Lurmann FW, Vora H, Linn WS, Rappaport EB, Gilliland FD, Gauderman WJ. Associations of children's lung function with ambient air pollution: joint effects of regional and near-roadway pollutants. Thorax. 2014 Jun; 69(6):540-7. PMID: 24253832.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Davis DA, Bortolato M, Godar SC, Sander TK, Iwata N, Pakbin P, Shih JC, Berhane K, McConnell R, Sioutas C, Finch CE, Morgan TE. Prenatal exposure to urban air nanoparticles in mice causes altered neuronal differentiation and depression-like responses. PLoS One. 2013; 8(5):e64128. PMID: 23734187.
      View in: PubMed
    48. McConnell R, Wu W, Berhane K, Liu F, Verma G, Peden D, Diaz-Sanchez D, Fruin S. Inflammatory cytokine response to ambient particles varies due to field collection procedures. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2013 Apr; 48(4):497-502. PMID: 23306836.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Dueker D, Taher M, Wilson J, McConnell R. Evaluating children's location using a personal GPS logging instrument: limitations and lessons learned. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2014 May-Jun; 24(3):244-52. PMID: 23549404.
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    50. Volk HE, Lurmann F, Penfold B, Hertz-Picciotto I, McConnell R. Traffic-related air pollution, particulate matter, and autism. JAMA Psychiatry. 2013 Jan; 70(1):71-7. PMID: 23404082.
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    51. Dueker D, Gauderman WJ, McConnell R. Accuracy of a new time-resolved step counter in children. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2012 Nov; 24(4):622-33. PMID: 23196770.
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    52. Breton CV, Wang X, Mack WJ, Berhane K, Lopez M, Islam TS, Feng M, Lurmann F, McConnell R, Hodis HN, Künzli N, Avol E. Childhood air pollutant exposure and carotid artery intima-media thickness in young adults. Circulation. 2012 Sep 25; 126(13):1614-20. PMID: 22896588.
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    53. Dunton G, McConnell R, Jerrett M, Wolch J, Lam C, Gilliland F, Berhane K. Organized physical activity in young school children and subsequent 4-year change in body mass index. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Aug; 166(8):713-8. PMID: 22869403.
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    54. Franklin M, Vora H, Avol E, McConnell R, Lurmann F, Liu F, Penfold B, Berhane K, Gilliland F, Gauderman WJ. Predictors of intra-community variation in air quality. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2012 Mar-Apr; 22(2):135-47. PMID: 22252279.
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    55. Islam T, Urman R, Gauderman WJ, Milam J, Lurmann F, Shankardass K, Avol E, Gilliland F, McConnell R. Parental stress increases the detrimental effect of traffic exposure on children's lung function. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Oct 01; 184(7):822-7. PMID: 21700914.
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    56. Volk HE, Hertz-Picciotto I, Delwiche L, Lurmann F, McConnell R. Residential proximity to freeways and autism in the CHARGE study. Environ Health Perspect. 2011 Jun; 119(6):873-7. PMID: 21156395.
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    57. Zhang Y, McConnell R, Gilliland F, Berhane K. Ethnic differences in the effect of asthma on pulmonary function in children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Mar 01; 183(5):596-603. PMID: 20889910.
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    58. McConnell R, Liu F, Wu J, Lurmann F, Peters J, Berhane K. Asthma and school commuting time. J Occup Environ Med. 2010 Aug; 52(8):827-8. PMID: 20657304.
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    59. Bastain TM, Islam T, Berhane KT, McConnell RS, Rappaport EB, Salam MT, Linn WS, Avol EL, Zhang Y, Gilliland FD. Exhaled nitric oxide, susceptibility and new-onset asthma in the Children's Health Study. Eur Respir J. 2011 Mar; 37(3):523-31. PMID: 20634264.
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    60. McConnell R, Islam T, Shankardass K, Jerrett M, Lurmann F, Gilliland F, Gauderman J, Avol E, Künzli N, Yao L, Peters J, Berhane K. Childhood incident asthma and traffic-related air pollution at home and school. Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Jul; 118(7):1021-6. PMID: 20371422.
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    61. Islam T, Breton C, Salam MT, McConnell R, Wenten M, Gauderman WJ, Conti D, Van Den Berg D, Peters JM, Gilliland FD. Role of inducible nitric oxide synthase in asthma risk and lung function growth during adolescence. Thorax. 2010 Feb; 65(2):139-45. PMID: 19996333.
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    62. Shoakazemi A, Flannery T, McConnell RS. Long-term outcome of subcutaneously preserved autologous cranioplasty. Neurosurgery. 2009 Sep; 65(3):505-10; discussion 510. PMID: 19687696.
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    63. Islam T, Berhane K, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Avol E, Peters JM, Gilliland FD. Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) P1, GSTM1, exercise, ozone and asthma incidence in school children. Thorax. 2009 Mar; 64(3):197-202. PMID: 18988661.
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    64. Milam J, McConnell R, Yao L, Berhane K, Jerrett M, Richardson J. Parental stress and childhood wheeze in a prospective cohort study. J Asthma. 2008 May; 45(4):319-23. PMID: 18446597.
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    65. Cozen W, Avol E, Diaz-Sanchez D, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Cockburn MG, Zadnick J, Jyrala M, Mack TM. Use of an electrostatic dust cloth for self-administered home allergen collection. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2008 Apr; 11(2):150-5. PMID: 18361715.
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    66. Islam T, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Avol E, Peters JM, Gilliland FD. Ozone, oxidant defense genes, and risk of asthma during adolescence. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2008 Feb 15; 177(4):388-95. PMID: 18048809.
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    67. Salam MT, Gauderman WJ, McConnell R, Lin PC, Gilliland FD. Transforming growth factor- 1 C-509T polymorphism, oxidant stress, and early-onset childhood asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007 Dec 15; 176(12):1192-9. PMID: 17673695.
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    68. Shankardass K, McConnell RS, Milam J, Berhane K, Tatalovich Z, Wilson JP, Jerrett M. The association between contextual socioeconomic factors and prevalent asthma in a cohort of Southern California school children. Soc Sci Med. 2007 Oct; 65(8):1792-806. PMID: 17658674.
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    69. Islam T, Gauderman WJ, Berhane K, McConnell R, Avol E, Peters JM, Gilliland FD. Relationship between air pollution, lung function and asthma in adolescents. Thorax. 2007 Nov; 62(11):957-63. PMID: 17517830.
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    70. Gauderman WJ, Vora H, McConnell R, Berhane K, Gilliland F, Thomas D, Lurmann F, Avol E, Kunzli N, Jerrett M, Peters J. Effect of exposure to traffic on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age: a cohort study. Lancet. 2007 Feb 17; 369(9561):571-7. PMID: 17307103.
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    71. Tatalovich Z, Wilson JP, Milam JE, Jerrett ML, McConnell R. Competing definitions of contextual environments. Int J Health Geogr. 2006 Dec 07; 5:55. PMID: 17156433.
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    72. McConnell R, Berhane K, Molitor J, Gilliland F, Künzli N, Thorne PS, Thomas D, Gauderman WJ, Avol E, Lurmann F, Rappaport E, Jerrett M, Peters JM. Dog ownership enhances symptomatic responses to air pollution in children with asthma. Environ Health Perspect. 2006 Dec; 114(12):1910-5. PMID: 17185284.
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    73. Gilliland FD, Islam T, Berhane K, Gauderman WJ, McConnell R, Avol E, Peters JM. Regular smoking and asthma incidence in adolescents. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006 Nov 15; 174(10):1094-100. PMID: 16973983.
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    74. Künzli N, Avol E, Wu J, Gauderman WJ, Rappaport E, Millstein J, Bennion J, McConnell R, Gilliland FD, Berhane K, Lurmann F, Winer A, Peters JM. Health effects of the 2003 Southern California wildfires on children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006 Dec 01; 174(11):1221-8. PMID: 16946126.
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    75. McConnell R, Berhane K, Yao L, Jerrett M, Lurmann F, Gilliland F, Künzli N, Gauderman J, Avol E, Thomas D, Peters J. Traffic, susceptibility, and childhood asthma. Environ Health Perspect. 2006 May; 114(5):766-72. PMID: 16675435.
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    76. Molitor J, Molitor NT, Jerrett M, McConnell R, Gauderman J, Berhane K, Thomas D. Bayesian modeling of air pollution health effects with missing exposure data. Am J Epidemiol. 2006 Jul 01; 164(1):69-76. PMID: 16624966.
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    77. Gauderman WJ, Avol E, Lurmann F, Kuenzli N, Gilliland F, Peters J, McConnell R. Childhood asthma and exposure to traffic and nitrogen dioxide. Epidemiology. 2005 Nov; 16(6):737-43. PMID: 16222162.
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    78. Salam MT, Margolis HG, McConnell R, McGregor JA, Avol EL, Gilliland FD. Mode of delivery is associated with asthma and allergy occurrences in children. Ann Epidemiol. 2006 May; 16(5):341-6. PMID: 16242961.
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    79. Gilliland F, Avol E, Kinney P, Jerrett M, Dvonch T, Lurmann F, Buckley T, Breysse P, Keeler G, de Villiers T, McConnell R. Air pollution exposure assessment for epidemiologic studies of pregnant women and children: lessons learned from the Centers for Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research. Environ Health Perspect. 2005 Oct; 113(10):1447-54. PMID: 16203261.
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    80. Wenten M, Berhane K, Rappaport EB, Avol E, Tsai WW, Gauderman WJ, McConnell R, Dubeau L, Gilliland FD. TNF-308 modifies the effect of second-hand smoke on respiratory illness-related school absences. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Dec 15; 172(12):1563-8. PMID: 16166621.
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    81. McConnell R, Berhane K, Yao L, Lurmann FW, Avol E, Peters JM. Predicting residential ozone deficits from nearby traffic. Sci Total Environ. 2006 Jun 15; 363(1-3):166-74. PMID: 16095670.
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    82. McConnell R, Milam J, Richardson J, Galvan J, Jones C, Thorne PS, Berhane K. Educational intervention to control cockroach allergen exposure in the homes of hispanic children in Los Angeles: results of the La Casa study. Clin Exp Allergy. 2005 Apr; 35(4):426-33. PMID: 15836749.
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    83. Thorne PS, Metwali N, Avol E, McConnell RS. Surface sampling for endotoxin assessment using electrostatic wiping cloths. Ann Occup Hyg. 2005 Jul; 49(5):401-6. PMID: 15689394.
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    84. Millstein J, Gilliland F, Berhane K, Gauderman WJ, McConnell R, Avol E, Rappaport EB, Peters JM. Effects of ambient air pollutants on asthma medication use and wheezing among fourth-grade school children from 12 Southern California communities enrolled in The Children's Health Study. Arch Environ Health. 2004 Oct; 59(10):505-14. PMID: 16425660.
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    85. Gauderman WJ, Avol E, Gilliland F, Vora H, Thomas D, Berhane K, McConnell R, Kuenzli N, Lurmann F, Rappaport E, Margolis H, Bates D, Peters J. The effect of air pollution on lung development from 10 to 18 years of age. N Engl J Med. 2004 Sep 09; 351(11):1057-67. PMID: 15356303.
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    86. Richardson JL, Milam JE, Galvan J, Jones C, McConnell R. Knowledge of skin test results among parents of asthmatic children. J Asthma. 2004 Apr; 41(2):199-204. PMID: 15115172.
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    87. McConnell R, Jones C, Milam J, Gonzalez P, Berhane K, Clement L, Richardson J, Hanley-Lopez J, Kwong K, Maalouf N, Galvan J, Platts-Mills T. Cockroach counts and house dust allergen concentrations after professional cockroach control and cleaning. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2003 Dec; 91(6):546-52. PMID: 14700438.
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    88. Gilliland FD, Berhane KT, Li YF, Gauderman WJ, McConnell R, Peters J. Children's lung function and antioxidant vitamin, fruit, juice, and vegetable intake. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Sep 15; 158(6):576-84. PMID: 12965883.
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    89. Gilliland FD, Berhane K, Islam T, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Gilliland SS, Avol E, Peters JM. Obesity and the risk of newly diagnosed asthma in school-age children. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Sep 01; 158(5):406-15. PMID: 12936895.
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    90. Künzli N, McConnell R, Bates D, Bastain T, Hricko A, Lurmann F, Avol E, Gilliland F, Peters J. Breathless in Los Angeles: the exhausting search for clean air. Am J Public Health. 2003 Sep; 93(9):1494-9. PMID: 12948969.
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    91. McConnell R, Berhane K, Gilliland F, Molitor J, Thomas D, Lurmann F, Avol E, Gauderman WJ, Peters JM. Prospective study of air pollution and bronchitic symptoms in children with asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2003 Oct 01; 168(7):790-7. PMID: 12893648.
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    92. Gilliland FD, Berhane K, Islam T, Wenten M, Rappaport E, Avol E, Gauderman WJ, McConnell R, Peters JM. Environmental tobacco smoke and absenteeism related to respiratory illness in schoolchildren. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 May 15; 157(10):861-9. PMID: 12746237.
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    93. Gilliland FD, Li YF, Dubeau L, Berhane K, Avol E, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Peters JM. Effects of glutathione S-transferase M1, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and environmental tobacco smoke on asthma and wheezing in children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002 Aug 15; 166(4):457-63. PMID: 12186820.
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    94. Gilliland FD, Rappaport EB, Berhane K, Islam T, Dubeau L, Gauderman WJ, McConnell R. Effects of glutathione S-transferase P1, M1, and T1 on acute respiratory illness in school children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002 Aug 01; 166(3):346-51. PMID: 12153968.
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    95. Gauderman WJ, Gilliland GF, Vora H, Avol E, Stram D, McConnell R, Thomas D, Lurmann F, Margolis HG, Rappaport EB, Berhane K, Peters JM. Association between air pollution and lung function growth in southern California children: results from a second cohort. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002 Jul 01; 166(1):76-84. PMID: 12091175.
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    96. McConnell R, Berhane K, Gilliland F, Islam T, Gauderman WJ, London SJ, Avol E, Rappaport EB, Margolis HG, Peters JM. Indoor risk factors for asthma in a prospective study of adolescents. Epidemiology. 2002 May; 13(3):288-95. PMID: 11964930.
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    97. McConnell R, Berhane K, Gilliland F, London SJ, Islam T, Gauderman WJ, Avol E, Margolis HG, Peters JM. Asthma in exercising children exposed to ozone: a cohort study. Lancet. 2002 Feb 02; 359(9304):386-91. PMID: 11844508.
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    98. Gilliland FD, Berhane K, Rappaport EB, Thomas DC, Avol E, Gauderman WJ, London SJ, Margolis HG, McConnell R, Islam KT, Peters JM. The effects of ambient air pollution on school absenteeism due to respiratory illnesses. Epidemiology. 2001 Jan; 12(1):43-54. PMID: 11138819.
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    99. Li YF, Gilliland FD, Berhane K, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Rappaport EB, Peters JM. Effects of in utero and environmental tobacco smoke exposure on lung function in boys and girls with and without asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Dec; 162(6):2097-104. PMID: 11112121.
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    100. Berhane K, McConnell R, Gilliland F, Islam T, Gauderman WJ, Avol E, London SJ, Rappaport E, Margolis HG, Peters JM. Sex-specific effects of asthma on pulmonary function in children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Nov; 162(5):1723-30. PMID: 11069803.
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    101. Gauderman WJ, McConnell R, Gilliland F, London S, Thomas D, Avol E, Vora H, Berhane K, Rappaport EB, Lurmann F, Margolis HG, Peters J. Association between air pollution and lung function growth in southern California children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000 Oct; 162(4 Pt 1):1383-90. PMID: 11029349.
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    102. Keramatipour M, McConnell RS, Kirkpatrick P, Tebbs S, Furlong RA, Rubinsztein DC. The ACE I allele is associated with increased risk for ruptured intracranial aneurysms. J Med Genet. 2000 Jul; 37(7):498-500. PMID: 10882751.
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    103. Gilliland FD, Berhane K, McConnell R, Gauderman WJ, Vora H, Rappaport EB, Avol E, Peters JM. Maternal smoking during pregnancy, environmental tobacco smoke exposure and childhood lung function. Thorax. 2000 Apr; 55(4):271-6. PMID: 10722765.
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    104. McConnell R, Berhane K, Gilliland F, London SJ, Vora H, Avol E, Gauderman WJ, Margolis HG, Lurmann F, Thomas DC, Peters JM. Air pollution and bronchitic symptoms in Southern California children with asthma. Environ Health Perspect. 1999 Sep; 107(9):757-60. PMID: 10464077.
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    105. McConnell R, Delgado-Téllez E, Cuadra R, Tórres E, Keifer M, Almendárez J, Miranda J, El-Fawal HA, Wolff M, Simpson D, Lundberg I. Organophosphate neuropathy due to methamidophos: biochemical and neurophysiological markers. Arch Toxicol. 1999 Aug; 73(6):296-300. PMID: 10447555.
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    106. McConnell R, Pacheco F, Wahlberg K, Klein W, Malespin O, Magnotti R, Akerblom M, Murray D. Subclinical health effects of environmental pesticide contamination in a developing country: cholinesterase depression in children. Environ Res. 1999 Aug; 81(2):87-91. PMID: 10433839.
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    107. Gilliland FD, McConnell R, Peters J, Gong H. A theoretical basis for investigating ambient air pollution and children's respiratory health. Environ Health Perspect. 1999 Jun; 107 Suppl 3:403-7. PMID: 10346989.
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    108. Magnotti RA, Dowling K, Eberly JP, McConnell RS. Field measurement of plasma and erythrocyte cholinesterases. Clin Chim Acta. 1988 Sep 15; 176(3):315-32. PMID: 3180481.
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    109. Magnotti RA, Eberly JP, Quarm DE, McConnell RS. Measurement of acetylcholinesterase in erythrocytes in the field. Clin Chem. 1987 Oct; 33(10):1731-5. PMID: 3665026.
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