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Pat R. Levitt, PhD

Title(s)Professor of Pediatrics
Phone+1 323 361 7868
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)W.M. Keck Chair in Neurogenetics

    Title(s)Chief Scientific Officer, Vice President, and Director of The Saban Research Institute

    Title(s)Director of the Program in Developmental Neurogenetics at The Saban Research Institute


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    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Levitt received his BA in Biological Sciences from the University of Chicago, PhD in Neuroscience at the University of California, San Diego. He completed a postdoctoral fellowship in Neuroscience at Yale University. Dr. Levitt has held leadership positions at University of Pittsburgh, Vanderbilt University and University of Southern California. Dr. Levitt was elected as a member into the prestigious Institute of Medicine (IOM), part of the National Academy of Sciences. Named a McKnight Foundation Scholar in 2002, Dr. Levitt also was a MERIT awardee from the National Institute of Mental Health and served as a member of the National Advisory Mental Health Council for the National Institute of Mental Health. He is an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Chair-elect of the Neuroscience Division of the AAAS, and an elected member of the Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives. He is a Senior Fellow at the Center for the Developing Child at Harvard University, and serves as Scientific Director of the National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, a policy council that brings the best research from child development and neuroscience to assist policy makers and business leaders in making wise program investment decisions. He is a member of a number of scientific advisory boards for foundations and university programs, served as Senior Editor for Journal of Neuroscience, and currently serves on the editorial boards of eLife, Neuron, Cerebral Cortex, Autism Research, Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Disease Models and Mechanisms. Dr. Levitt’s research focuses on the development of brain architecture that controls learning, emotional and social behavior. His research focuses on genetic and environment factors that increase risk for neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders, such as autism and schizophrenia. His clinical research studies address autism heterogeneity by studying children with autism who also have co-occurring medical conditions, such as gastrointestinal disorders, with the goal of developing better diagnostic criteria and personalized treatments. He has published over 250 papers.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Modeling genetic contributions to phenotype variation and neurodevelopmental disorder susceptibility
    NIH/NIMH R21MH118685Jun 5, 2019 - Mar 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Predoctoral Training in Interdisciplinary Neurosciences
    NIH/NIMH T32MH111360Jul 1, 2016 - Jun 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Mechanisms of Autonomic Brainstem Development
    NIH/NINDS R21NS086413May 1, 2014 - Apr 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Autism Research Program
    NIH/NIMH P30MH089877Sep 30, 2009 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The MET Signaling System,Autism and Gastrointestinal Dysfunction
    NIH/NICHD R21HD065289Sep 30, 2009 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Transcriptional Atlas of Human Brain Development
    NIH/NIMH RC2MH090047Sep 30, 2009 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Neurodevelopmental Mechanisms of Social Behavior
    NIH/NIMH R01MH080759Sep 1, 2007 - Aug 31, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Development of Reciprocal Neural Circuitry
    NIH/NIDA R01DA022785Sep 1, 2007 - Jun 30, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    16th Biennial Meeting of the International Society for Developmental Neurobiology
    NIH/NINDS R13NS056849Jul 1, 2006 - Jun 30, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Biobehavioral Intervention in Developmental Disabilities
    NIH/NIMH T32MH075883Sep 29, 2005 - Aug 31, 2010
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Function and Structure Adaptations in Forebrain Development
    NIH/NIMH R01MH067842Jul 1, 2002 - Mar 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Function and Structure Adaptations in Forebrain Development
    NIH/NIMH R56MH067842Jul 1, 2002 - Aug 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    FETAL COCAINE AND GENE EXPRESSION DEFECTS IN FOREBRAIN
    NIH/NIDA R01DA013792Sep 30, 2000 - Jul 31, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Brain Structure &Function after Fetal Cocaine Exposure
    NIH/NIDA R01DA011165Sep 30, 1996 - May 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MINORITY HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT RESEARCH APPRENTICE PROGRAM
    NIH/NCRR S03RR003573Mar 12, 1993 - Feb 29, 1996
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    NON-NEURONAL CELLS AND CNS FORMATION AND INJURY
    NIH/NIDA R01DA009555Aug 15, 1991 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ROLE OF NON-NEURONAL CELLS IN CNS FORMATION &INJURY
    NIH/NIA R01AG010560Aug 15, 1991 - Jul 31, 1994
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Factors Regulating Limbic System Assembly
    NIH/NIMH R01MH045507Sep 1, 1989 - Apr 30, 2009
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    FACTORS REGULATING LIMBIC SYSTEM ASSEMBLY
    NIH/NIMH R37MH045507Sep 1, 1989 - Aug 31, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator
    RECOGNITION EVENTS BETWEEN VISUAL AND IMMUNE SYSTEMS
    NIH/NEI R03EY006047Aug 1, 1985 - Jul 31, 1986
    Role: Principal Investigator
    GENETIC CONTROL OF MONOAMINERGIC AXON GROWTH
    NIH/NINDS R01NS020196Dec 1, 1983 - Sep 30, 1990
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver Intellectual and Developmental Disability Research Center
    NIH/NICHD P30HD015052Jun 1, 1980 - Jun 30, 2015
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Pierce LJ, Thompson BL, Gharib A, Schlueter L, Reilly E, Valdes V, Roberts S, Conroy K, Levitt P, Nelson CA. Association of Perceived Maternal Stress During the Perinatal Period With Electroencephalography Patterns in 2-Month-Old Infants. JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Jun 01; 173(6):561-570. PMID: 30958515.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Kast RJ, Lanjewar AL, Smith CD, Levitt P. FOXP2 exhibits projection neuron class specific expression, but is not required for multiple aspects of cortical histogenesis. Elife. 2019 05 17; 8. PMID: 31099752.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Amaral DG, Anderson GM, Bailey A, Bernier R, Bishop S, Blatt G, Canal-Bedia R, Charman T, Dawson G, de Vries PJ, Dicicco-Bloom E, Dissanayake C, Kamio Y, Kana R, Khan NZ, Knoll A, Kooy F, Lainhart J, Levitt P, Loveland K, Minshew N, Mueller RA, Murphy D, Mundy P, Palencia S, Pinto-Martin J, Rattazzi A, Rogers S, Stone WL, Webb SJ, Whitehouse A. Gaps in Current Autism Research: The Thoughts of the Autism Research Editorial Board and Associate Editors. Autism Res. 2019 May; 12(5):700-714. PMID: 31025542.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kast RJ, Levitt P. Precision in the development of neocortical architecture: From progenitors to cortical networks. Prog Neurobiol. 2019 Apr; 175:77-95. PMID: 30677429.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Kast RJ, Wu HH, Levitt P. Developmental Connectivity and Molecular Phenotypes of Unique Cortical Projection Neurons that Express a Synapse-Associated Receptor Tyrosine Kinase. Cereb Cortex. 2019 01 01; 29(1):189-201. PMID: 29190358.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Li M, Santpere G, Imamura Kawasawa Y, Evgrafov OV, Gulden FO, Pochareddy S, Sunkin SM, Li Z, Shin Y, Zhu Y, Sousa AMM, Werling DM, Kitchen RR, Kang HJ, Pletikos M, Choi J, Muchnik S, Xu X, Wang D, Lorente-Galdos B, Liu S, Giusti-Rodríguez P, Won H, de Leeuw CA, Pardiñas AF, Hu M, Jin F, Li Y, Owen MJ, O'Donovan MC, Walters JTR, Posthuma D, Reimers MA, Levitt P, Weinberger DR, Hyde TM, Kleinman JE, Geschwind DH, Hawrylycz MJ, State MW, Sanders SJ, Sullivan PF, Gerstein MB, Lein ES, Knowles JA, Sestan N. Integrative functional genomic analysis of human brain development and neuropsychiatric risks. Science. 2018 12 14; 362(6420). PMID: 30545854.
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    7. Anttila V, Bulik-Sullivan B, Finucane HK, Walters RK, Bras J, Duncan L, Escott-Price V, Falcone GJ, Gormley P, Malik R, Patsopoulos NA, Ripke S, Wei Z, Yu D, Lee PH, Turley P, Grenier-Boley B, Chouraki V, Kamatani Y, Berr C, Letenneur L, Hannequin D, Amouyel P, Boland A, Deleuze JF, Duron E, Vardarajan BN, Reitz C, Goate AM, Huentelman MJ, Kamboh MI, Larson EB, Rogaeva E, St George-Hyslop P, Hakonarson H, Kukull WA, Farrer LA, Barnes LL, Beach TG, Demirci FY, Head E, Hulette CM, Jicha GA, Kauwe JSK, Kaye JA, Leverenz JB, Levey AI, Lieberman AP, Pankratz VS, Poon WW, Quinn JF, Saykin AJ, Schneider LS, Smith AG, Sonnen JA, Stern RA, Van Deerlin VM, Van Eldik LJ, Harold D, Russo G, Rubinsztein DC, Bayer A, Tsolaki M, Proitsi P, Fox NC, Hampel H, Owen MJ, Mead S, Passmore P, Morgan K, Nöthen MM, Rossor M, Lupton MK, Hoffmann P, Kornhuber J, Lawlor B, McQuillin A, Al-Chalabi A, Bis JC, Ruiz A, Boada M, Seshadri S, Beiser A, Rice K, van der Lee SJ, De Jager PL, Geschwind DH, Riemenschneider M, Riedel-Heller S, Rotter JI, Ransmayr G, Hyman BT, Cruchaga C, Alegret M, Winsvold B, Palta P, Farh KH, Cuenca-Leon E, Furlotte N, Kurth T, Ligthart L, Terwindt GM, Freilinger T, Ran C, Gordon SD, Borck G, Adams HHH, Lehtimäki T, Wedenoja J, Buring JE, Schürks M, Hrafnsdottir M, Hottenga JJ, Penninx B, Artto V, Kaunisto M, Vepsäläinen S, Martin NG, Montgomery GW, Kurki MI, Hämäläinen E, Huang H, Huang J, Sandor C, Webber C, Muller-Myhsok B, Schreiber S, Salomaa V, Loehrer E, Göbel H, Macaya A, Pozo-Rosich P, Hansen T, Werge T, Kaprio J, Metspalu A, Kubisch C, Ferrari MD, Belin AC, van den Maagdenberg AMJM, Zwart JA, Boomsma D, Eriksson N, Olesen J, Chasman DI, Nyholt DR, Avbersek A, Baum L, Berkovic S, Bradfield J, Buono RJ, Catarino CB, Cossette P, De Jonghe P, Depondt C, Dlugos D, Ferraro TN, French J, Hjalgrim H, Jamnadas-Khoda J, Kälviäinen R, Kunz WS, Lerche H, Leu C, Lindhout D, Lo W, Lowenstein D, McCormack M, Møller RS, Molloy A, Ng PW, Oliver K, Privitera M, Radtke R, Ruppert AK, Sander T, Schachter S, Schankin C, Scheffer I, Schoch S, Sisodiya SM, Smith P, Sperling M, Striano P, Surges R, Thomas GN, Visscher F, Whelan CD, Zara F, Heinzen EL, Marson A, Becker F, Stroink H, Zimprich F, Gasser T, Gibbs R, Heutink P, Martinez M, Morris HR, Sharma M, Ryten M, Mok KY, Pulit S, Bevan S, Holliday E, Attia J, Battey T, Boncoraglio G, Thijs V, Chen WM, Mitchell B, Rothwell P, Sharma P, Sudlow C, Vicente A, Markus H, Kourkoulis C, Pera J, Raffeld M, Silliman S, Boraska Perica V, Thornton LM, Huckins LM, William Rayner N, Lewis CM, Gratacos M, Rybakowski F, Keski-Rahkonen A, Raevuori A, Hudson JI, Reichborn-Kjennerud T, Monteleone P, Karwautz A, Mannik K, Baker JH, O'Toole JK, Trace SE, Davis OSP, Helder SG, Ehrlich S, Herpertz-Dahlmann B, Danner UN, van Elburg AA, Clementi M, Forzan M, Docampo E, Lissowska J, Hauser J, Tortorella A, Maj M, Gonidakis F, Tziouvas K, Papezova H, Yilmaz Z, Wagner G, Cohen-Woods S, Herms S, Julià A, Rabionet R, Dick DM, Ripatti S, Andreassen OA, Espeseth T, Lundervold AJ, Steen VM, Pinto D, Scherer SW, Aschauer H, Schosser A, Alfredsson L, Padyukov L, Halmi KA, Mitchell J, Strober M, Bergen AW, Kaye W, Szatkiewicz JP, Cormand B, Ramos-Quiroga JA, Sánchez-Mora C, Ribasés M, Casas M, Hervas A, Arranz MJ, Haavik J, Zayats T, Johansson S, Williams N, Dempfle A, Rothenberger A, Kuntsi J, Oades RD, Banaschewski T, Franke B, Buitelaar JK, Arias Vasquez A, Doyle AE, Reif A, Lesch KP, Freitag C, Rivero O, Palmason H, Romanos M, Langley K, Rietschel M, Witt SH, Dalsgaard S, Børglum AD, Waldman I, Wilmot B, Molly N, Bau CHD, Crosbie J, Schachar R, Loo SK, McGough JJ, Grevet EH, Medland SE, Robinson E, Weiss LA, Bacchelli E, Bailey A, Bal V, Battaglia A, Betancur C, Bolton P, Cantor R, Celestino-Soper P, Dawson G, De Rubeis S, Duque F, Green A, Klauck SM, Leboyer M, Levitt P, Maestrini E, Mane S, De-Luca DM, Parr J, Regan R, Reichenberg A, Sandin S, Vorstman J, Wassink T, Wijsman E, Cook E, Santangelo S, Delorme R, et al. Analysis of shared heritability in common disorders of the brain. Science. 2018 06 22; 360(6395). PMID: 29930110.
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    8. Knoll AT, Jiang K, Levitt P. Quantitative trait locus mapping and analysis of heritable variation in affiliative social behavior and co-occurring traits. Genes Brain Behav. 2018 06; 17(5):e12431. PMID: 29052939.
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    9. Heun-Johnson H, Levitt P. Differential impact of Met receptor gene interaction with early-life stress on neuronal morphology and behavior in mice. Neurobiol Stress. 2018 Feb; 8:10-20. PMID: 29255778.
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    10. Cameron JL, Eagleson KL, Fox NA, Hensch TK, Levitt P. Social Origins of Developmental Risk for Mental and Physical Illness. J Neurosci. 2017 11 08; 37(45):10783-10791. PMID: 29118206.
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    11. Kamitakahara A, Wu HH, Levitt P. Distinct projection targets define subpopulations of mouse brainstem vagal neurons that express the autism-associated MET receptor tyrosine kinase. J Comp Neurol. 2017 Dec 15; 525(18):3787-3808. PMID: 28758209.
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    12. Mitra I, Tsang K, Ladd-Acosta C, Croen LA, Aldinger KA, Hendren RL, Traglia M, Lavillaureix A, Zaitlen N, Oldham MC, Levitt P, Nelson S, Amaral DG, Hertz-Picciotto I, Fallin MD, Weiss LA. Correction: Pleiotropic Mechanisms Indicated for Sex Differences in Autism. PLoS Genet. 2017 Jun; 13(6):e1006831. PMID: 28591140.
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    13. Marler S, Ferguson BJ, Lee EB, Peters B, Williams KC, McDonnell E, Macklin EA, Levitt P, Margolis KG, Beversdorf DQ, Veenstra-VanderWeele J. Association of Rigid-Compulsive Behavior with Functional Constipation in Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Autism Dev Disord. 2017 06; 47(6):1673-1681. PMID: 28289979.
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    14. Kendall-Taylor N, Levitt P. Beyond Hat in Hand: Science Advocacy Is Foundational for Policy Decisions. Neuron. 2017 May 17; 94(4):708-712. PMID: 28521125.
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    15. Van Segbroeck M, Knoll AT, Levitt P, Narayanan S. MUPET-Mouse Ultrasonic Profile ExTraction: A Signal Processing Tool for Rapid and Unsupervised Analysis of Ultrasonic Vocalizations. Neuron. 2017 May 03; 94(3):465-485.e5. PMID: 28472651.
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    16. Kast RJ, Wu HH, Williams P, Gaspar P, Levitt P. Specific Connectivity and Unique Molecular Identity of MET Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Expressing Serotonergic Neurons in the Caudal Dorsal Raphe Nuclei. ACS Chem Neurosci. 2017 05 17; 8(5):1053-1064. PMID: 28375615.
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    17. Mitra I, Tsang K, Ladd-Acosta C, Croen LA, Aldinger KA, Hendren RL, Traglia M, Lavillaureix A, Zaitlen N, Oldham MC, Levitt P, Nelson S, Amaral DG, Hertz-Picciotto I, Fallin MD, Weiss LA. Pleiotropic Mechanisms Indicated for Sex Differences in Autism. PLoS Genet. 2016 11; 12(11):e1006425. PMID: 27846226.
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    18. Eagleson KL, Xie Z, Levitt P. The Pleiotropic MET Receptor Network: Circuit Development and the Neural-Medical Interface of Autism. Biol Psychiatry. 2017 03 01; 81(5):424-433. PMID: 27837921.
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    19. Xie Z, Eagleson KL, Wu HH, Levitt P. Hepatocyte Growth Factor Modulates MET Receptor Tyrosine Kinase and ß-Catenin Functional Interactions to Enhance Synapse Formation. eNeuro. 2016 Jul-Aug; 3(4). PMID: 27595133.
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    20. Plummer JT, Gordon AJ, Levitt P. The Genetic Intersection of Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Shared Medical Comorbidities - Relations that Translate from Bench to Bedside. Front Psychiatry. 2016; 7:142. PMID: 27597832.
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    21. Shibata S, Miwa T, Wu HH, Levitt P, Ohyama T. Hepatocyte Growth Factor-c-MET Signaling Mediates the Development of Nonsensory Structures of the Mammalian Cochlea and Hearing. J Neurosci. 2016 08 03; 36(31):8200-9. PMID: 27488639.
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    22. Heun-Johnson H, Levitt P. Early-Life Stress Paradigm Transiently Alters Maternal Behavior, Dam-Pup Interactions, and Offspring Vocalizations in Mice. Front Behav Neurosci. 2016; 10:142. PMID: 27458353.
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    23. Knoll AT, Halladay LR, Holmes AJ, Levitt P. Quantitative Trait Loci and a Novel Genetic Candidate for Fear Learning. J Neurosci. 2016 06 08; 36(23):6258-68. PMID: 27277803.
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    24. Wu HH, Choi S, Levitt P. Differential patterning of genes involved in serotonin metabolism and transport in extra-embryonic tissues of the mouse. Placenta. 2016 06; 42:74-83. PMID: 27238716.
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    25. Marler S, Ferguson BJ, Lee EB, Peters B, Williams KC, McDonnell E, Macklin EA, Levitt P, Gillespie CH, Anderson GM, Margolis KG, Beversdorf DQ, Veenstra-VanderWeele J. Brief Report: Whole Blood Serotonin Levels and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 Mar; 46(3):1124-30. PMID: 26527110.
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    26. Xie Z, Li J, Baker J, Eagleson KL, Coba MP, Levitt P. Receptor Tyrosine Kinase MET Interactome and Neurodevelopmental Disorder Partners at the Developing Synapse. Biol Psychiatry. 2016 12 15; 80(12):933-942. PMID: 27086544.
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    27. Eagleson KL, Lane CJ, McFadyen-Ketchum L, Solak S, Wu HH, Levitt P. Distinct intracellular signaling mediates C-MET regulation of dendritic growth and synaptogenesis. Dev Neurobiol. 2016 10; 76(10):1160-81. PMID: 26818605.
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    28. Zamora I, Williams ME, Higareda M, Wheeler BY, Levitt P. Brief Report: Recruitment and Retention of Minority Children for Autism Research. J Autism Dev Disord. 2016 Feb; 46(2):698-703. PMID: 26404703.
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    29. Ye R, Quinlan MA, Iwamoto H, Wu HH, Green NH, Jetter CS, McMahon DG, Veestra-VanderWeele J, Levitt P, Blakely RD. Physical Interactions and Functional Relationships of Neuroligin 2 and Midbrain Serotonin Transporters. Front Synaptic Neurosci. 2015; 7:20. PMID: 26793096.
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    30. Son AI, Hashimoto-Torii K, Rakic P, Levitt P, Torii M. EphA4 has distinct functionality from EphA7 in the corticothalamic system during mouse brain development. J Comp Neurol. 2016 07 01; 524(10):2080-92. PMID: 26587807.
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    31. Thompson BL, Levitt P. Complete or partial reduction of the Met receptor tyrosine kinase in distinct circuits differentially impacts mouse behavior. J Neurodev Disord. 2015; 7:35. PMID: 26523156.
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    32. Wood RI, Knoll AT, Levitt P. Social housing conditions and oxytocin and vasopressin receptors contribute to ethanol conditioned social preference in female mice. Physiol Behav. 2015 Nov 01; 151:469-77. PMID: 26282397.
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    33. Taylor AM, Castonguay A, Ghogha A, Vayssiere P, Pradhan AA, Xue L, Mehrabani S, Wu J, Levitt P, Olmstead MC, De Koninck Y, Evans CJ, Cahill CM. Neuroimmune Regulation of GABAergic Neurons Within the Ventral Tegmental Area During Withdrawal from Chronic Morphine. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016 Mar; 41(4):949-59. PMID: 26202104.
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    34. Aldinger KA, Lane CJ, Veenstra-VanderWeele J, Levitt P. Patterns of Risk for Multiple Co-Occurring Medical Conditions Replicate Across Distinct Cohorts of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Autism Res. 2015 Dec; 8(6):771-81. PMID: 26011086.
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    35. Wang F, Eagleson KL, Levitt P. Positive regulation of neocortical synapse formation by the Plexin-D1 receptor. Brain Res. 2015 Aug 07; 1616:157-165. PMID: 25976775.
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    36. Levitt P, Veenstra-VanderWeele J. Neurodevelopment and the origins of brain disorders. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2015 Jan; 40(1):1-3. PMID: 25482168.
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    37. Qiu S, Lu Z, Levitt P. MET receptor tyrosine kinase controls dendritic complexity, spine morphogenesis, and glutamatergic synapse maturation in the hippocampus. J Neurosci. 2014 Dec 03; 34(49):16166-79. PMID: 25471559.
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    38. Bone D, Lee CC, Black MP, Williams ME, Lee S, Levitt P, Narayanan S. The psychologist as an interlocutor in autism spectrum disorder assessment: insights from a study of spontaneous prosody. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2014 Aug; 57(4):1162-77. PMID: 24686340.
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    39. Peters B, Williams KC, Gorrindo P, Rosenberg D, Lee EB, Levitt P, Veenstra-VanderWeele J. Rigid-compulsive behaviors are associated with mixed bowel symptoms in autism spectrum disorder. J Autism Dev Disord. 2014 Jun; 44(6):1425-32. PMID: 24293040.
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    40. Miller JA, Ding SL, Sunkin SM, Smith KA, Ng L, Szafer A, Ebbert A, Riley ZL, Royall JJ, Aiona K, Arnold JM, Bennet C, Bertagnolli D, Brouner K, Butler S, Caldejon S, Carey A, Cuhaciyan C, Dalley RA, Dee N, Dolbeare TA, Facer BA, Feng D, Fliss TP, Gee G, Goldy J, Gourley L, Gregor BW, Gu G, Howard RE, Jochim JM, Kuan CL, Lau C, Lee CK, Lee F, Lemon TA, Lesnar P, McMurray B, Mastan N, Mosqueda N, Naluai-Cecchini T, Ngo NK, Nyhus J, Oldre A, Olson E, Parente J, Parker PD, Parry SE, Stevens A, Pletikos M, Reding M, Roll K, Sandman D, Sarreal M, Shapouri S, Shapovalova NV, Shen EH, Sjoquist N, Slaughterbeck CR, Smith M, Sodt AJ, Williams D, Zöllei L, Fischl B, Gerstein MB, Geschwind DH, Glass IA, Hawrylycz MJ, Hevner RF, Huang H, Jones AR, Knowles JA, Levitt P, Phillips JW, Sestan N, Wohnoutka P, Dang C, Bernard A, Hohmann JG, Lein ES. Transcriptional landscape of the prenatal human brain. Nature. 2014 Apr 10; 508(7495):199-206. PMID: 24695229.
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    41. Hammock EA, Levitt P. Oxytocin receptor ligand binding in embryonic tissue and postnatal brain development of the C57BL/6J mouse. Front Behav Neurosci. 2013; 7:195. PMID: 24376405.
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    42. Plummer JT, Evgrafov OV, Bergman MY, Friez M, Haiman CA, Levitt P, Aldinger KA. Transcriptional regulation of the MET receptor tyrosine kinase gene by MeCP2 and sex-specific expression in autism and Rett syndrome. Transl Psychiatry. 2013 Oct 22; 3:e316. PMID: 24150225.
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    43. Eagleson KL, Milner TA, Xie Z, Levitt P. Synaptic and extrasynaptic location of the receptor tyrosine kinase met during postnatal development in the mouse neocortex and hippocampus. J Comp Neurol. 2013 Oct 01; 521(14):3241-59. PMID: 23787772.
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    44. Roth TL, Raineki C, Salstein L, Perry R, Sullivan-Wilson TA, Sloan A, Lalji B, Hammock E, Wilson DA, Levitt P, Okutani F, Kaba H, Sullivan RM. Neurobiology of secure infant attachment and attachment despite adversity: a mouse model. Genes Brain Behav. 2013 Oct; 12(7):673-80. PMID: 23927771.
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    45. Gorrindo P, Lane CJ, Lee EB, McLaughlin B, Levitt P. Enrichment of elevated plasma F2t-isoprostane levels in individuals with autism who are stratified by presence of gastrointestinal dysfunction. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7):e68444. PMID: 23844202.
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    46. Aldinger KA, Plummer JT, Levitt P. Comparative DNA methylation among females with neurodevelopmental disorders and seizures identifies TAC1 as a MeCP2 target gene. J Neurodev Disord. 2013 Jun 11; 5(1):15. PMID: 23759142.
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    47. Wu HH, Levitt P. Prenatal expression of MET receptor tyrosine kinase in the fetal mouse dorsal raphe nuclei and the visceral motor/sensory brainstem. Dev Neurosci. 2013; 35(1):1-16. PMID: 23548689.
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    48. Torii M, Rakic P, Levitt P. Role of EphA/ephrin--a signaling in the development of topographic maps in mouse corticothalamic projections. J Comp Neurol. 2013 Feb 15; 521(3):626-37. PMID: 22821544.
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    49. Hammock EA, Law CS, Levitt P. Vasopressin eliminates the expression of familiar odor bias in neonatal female mice through V1aR. Horm Behav. 2013 Feb; 63(2):352-60. PMID: 23261858.
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    50. Rudie JD, Hernandez LM, Brown JA, Beck-Pancer D, Colich NL, Gorrindo P, Thompson PM, Geschwind DH, Bookheimer SY, Levitt P, Dapretto M. Autism-associated promoter variant in MET impacts functional and structural brain networks. Neuron. 2012 Sep 06; 75(5):904-15. PMID: 22958829.
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    51. Hammock EA, Levitt P. Modulation of parvalbumin interneuron number by developmentally transient neocortical vasopressin receptor 1a (V1aR). Neuroscience. 2012 Oct 11; 222:20-8. PMID: 22820266.
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    52. Qiu S, Luo S, Evgrafov O, Li R, Schroth GP, Levitt P, Knowles JA, Wang K. Single-neuron RNA-Seq: technical feasibility and reproducibility. Front Genet. 2012; 3:124. PMID: 22934102.
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    53. Qiu S, Aldinger KA, Levitt P. Modeling of autism genetic variations in mice: focusing on synaptic and microcircuit dysfunctions. Dev Neurosci. 2012; 34(2-3):88-100. PMID: 22572629.
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    54. Torii M, Hackett TA, Rakic P, Levitt P, Polley DB. EphA signaling impacts development of topographic connectivity in auditory corticofugal systems. Cereb Cortex. 2013 Apr; 23(4):775-85. PMID: 22490549.
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    55. Gorrindo P, Williams KC, Lee EB, Walker LS, McGrew SG, Levitt P. Gastrointestinal dysfunction in autism: parental report, clinical evaluation, and associated factors. Autism Res. 2012 Apr; 5(2):101-8. PMID: 22511450.
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    56. Bonnin A, Zhang L, Blakely RD, Levitt P. The SSRI citalopram affects fetal thalamic axon responsiveness to netrin-1 in vitro independently of SERT antagonism. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2012 Jul; 37(8):1879-84. PMID: 22414815.
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    57. Bonnin A, Levitt P. Placental source for 5-HT that tunes fetal brain development. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2012 Jan; 37(1):299-300. PMID: 22157865.
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    58. State MW, Levitt P. The conundrums of understanding genetic risks for autism spectrum disorders. Nat Neurosci. 2011 Oct 30; 14(12):1499-506. PMID: 22037497.
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    59. Aldinger KA, Plummer JT, Qiu S, Levitt P. SnapShot: genetics of autism. Neuron. 2011 Oct 20; 72(2):418-8.e1. PMID: 22017998.
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    60. Bonnin A, Levitt P. Fetal, maternal, and placental sources of serotonin and new implications for developmental programming of the brain. Neuroscience. 2011 Dec 01; 197:1-7. PMID: 22001683.
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    61. Mukamel Z, Konopka G, Wexler E, Osborn GE, Dong H, Bergman MY, Levitt P, Geschwind DH. Regulation of MET by FOXP2, genes implicated in higher cognitive dysfunction and autism risk. J Neurosci. 2011 Aug 10; 31(32):11437-42. PMID: 21832174.
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    63. Reeb-Sutherland BC, Fifer WP, Byrd DL, Hammock EA, Levitt P, Fox NA. One-month-old human infants learn about the social world while they sleep. Dev Sci. 2011 Sep; 14(5):1134-41. PMID: 21884328.
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    64. Judson MC, Eagleson KL, Levitt P. A new synaptic player leading to autism risk: Met receptor tyrosine kinase. J Neurodev Disord. 2011 Sep; 3(3):282-92. PMID: 21509596.
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    65. Bonnin A, Goeden N, Chen K, Wilson ML, King J, Shih JC, Blakely RD, Deneris ES, Levitt P. A transient placental source of serotonin for the fetal forebrain. Nature. 2011 Apr 21; 472(7343):347-50. PMID: 21512572.
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    66. Qiu S, Anderson CT, Levitt P, Shepherd GM. Circuit-specific intracortical hyperconnectivity in mice with deletion of the autism-associated Met receptor tyrosine kinase. J Neurosci. 2011 Apr 13; 31(15):5855-64. PMID: 21490227.
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    67. Hammock EA, Levitt P. Developmental expression mapping of a gene implicated in multiple neurodevelopmental disorders, A2bp1 (Fox1). Dev Neurosci. 2011; 33(1):64-74. PMID: 21346316.
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    68. Campbell DB, Datta D, Jones ST, Batey Lee E, Sutcliffe JS, Hammock EA, Levitt P. Association of oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene variants with multiple phenotype domains of autism spectrum disorder. J Neurodev Disord. 2011 Jun; 3(2):101-12. PMID: 21484202.
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    69. Eagleson KL, Campbell DB, Thompson BL, Bergman MY, Levitt P. The autism risk genes MET and PLAUR differentially impact cortical development. Autism Res. 2011 Feb; 4(1):68-83. PMID: 21328570.
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    70. Hammock EA, Eagleson KL, Barlow S, Earls LR, Miller DM, Levitt P. Homologs of genes expressed in Caenorhabditis elegans GABAergic neurons are also found in the developing mouse forebrain. Neural Dev. 2010 Dec 01; 5:32. PMID: 21122108.
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    71. Judson MC, Amaral DG, Levitt P. Conserved subcortical and divergent cortical expression of proteins encoded by orthologs of the autism risk gene MET. Cereb Cortex. 2011 Jul; 21(7):1613-26. PMID: 21127014.
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    72. Judson MC, Eagleson KL, Wang L, Levitt P. Evidence of cell-nonautonomous changes in dendrite and dendritic spine morphology in the met-signaling-deficient mouse forebrain. J Comp Neurol. 2010 Nov 01; 518(21):4463-78. PMID: 20853516.
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    73. Sheng L, Ding X, Ferguson M, McCallister M, Rhoades R, Maguire M, Ramesh A, Aschner M, Campbell D, Levitt P, Hood DB. Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure leads to behavioral deficits and downregulation of receptor tyrosine kinase, MET. Toxicol Sci. 2010 Dec; 118(2):625-34. PMID: 20889680.
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    74. Shonkoff JP, Levitt P. Neuroscience and the future of early childhood policy: moving from why to what and how. Neuron. 2010 Sep 09; 67(5):689-91. PMID: 20826301.
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    75. Thompson BL, Levitt P. The clinical-basic interface in defining pathogenesis in disorders of neurodevelopmental origin. Neuron. 2010 Sep 09; 67(5):702-12. PMID: 20826303.
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    76. Ruiz de Azua I, Scarselli M, Rosemond E, Gautam D, Jou W, Gavrilova O, Ebert PJ, Levitt P, Wess J. RGS4 is a negative regulator of insulin release from pancreatic beta-cells in vitro and in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Apr 27; 107(17):7999-8004. PMID: 20385802.
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    77. Qiu S, Champagne DL, Peters M, Catania EH, Weeber EJ, Levitt P, Pimenta AF. Loss of limbic system-associated membrane protein leads to reduced hippocampal mineralocorticoid receptor expression, impaired synaptic plasticity, and spatial memory deficit. Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Jul 15; 68(2):197-204. PMID: 20385375.
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    78. Eagleson KL, Gravielle MC, Schlueter McFadyen-Ketchum LJ, Russek SJ, Farb DH, Levitt P. Genetic disruption of the autism spectrum disorder risk gene PLAUR induces GABAA receptor subunit changes. Neuroscience. 2010 Jul 14; 168(3):797-810. PMID: 20381588.
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    79. Campbell DB, Warren D, Sutcliffe JS, Lee EB, Levitt P. Association of MET with social and communication phenotypes in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2010 Mar 05; 153B(2):438-446. PMID: 19548256.
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    80. Thompson BL, Levitt P. Now you see it, now you don't--closing in on allostasis and developmental basis of psychiatric disorders. Neuron. 2010 Feb 25; 65(4):437-9. PMID: 20188647.
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    81. Garbett KA, Horváth S, Ebert PJ, Schmidt MJ, Lwin K, Mitchell A, Levitt P, Mirnics K. Novel animal models for studying complex brain disorders: BAC-driven miRNA-mediated in vivo silencing of gene expression. Mol Psychiatry. 2010 Oct; 15(10):987-95. PMID: 20125089.
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    82. Thompson BL, Stanwood GD, Levitt P. Specificity of prenatal cocaine exposure effects on cortical interneurons is independent from dopamine D1 receptor co-localization. J Chem Neuroanat. 2010 Jul; 39(4):228-34. PMID: 20080176.
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    83. Buie T, Campbell DB, Fuchs GJ, Furuta GT, Levy J, Vandewater J, Whitaker AH, Atkins D, Bauman ML, Beaudet AL, Carr EG, Gershon MD, Hyman SL, Jirapinyo P, Jyonouchi H, Kooros K, Kushak R, Levitt P, Levy SE, Lewis JD, Murray KF, Natowicz MR, Sabra A, Wershil BK, Weston SC, Zeltzer L, Winter H. Evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of gastrointestinal disorders in individuals with ASDs: a consensus report. Pediatrics. 2010 Jan; 125 Suppl 1:S1-18. PMID: 20048083.
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    84. Torii M, Hashimoto-Torii K, Levitt P, Rakic P. Integration of neuronal clones in the radial cortical columns by EphA and ephrin-A signalling. Nature. 2009 Sep 24; 461(7263):524-8. PMID: 19759535.
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    85. Winden KD, Oldham MC, Mirnics K, Ebert PJ, Swan CH, Levitt P, Rubenstein JL, Horvath S, Geschwind DH. The organization of the transcriptional network in specific neuronal classes. Mol Syst Biol. 2009; 5:291. PMID: 19638972.
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    86. Judson MC, Bergman MY, Campbell DB, Eagleson KL, Levitt P. Dynamic gene and protein expression patterns of the autism-associated met receptor tyrosine kinase in the developing mouse forebrain. J Comp Neurol. 2009 Apr 10; 513(5):511-31. PMID: 19226509.
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    87. Levitt P, Campbell DB. The genetic and neurobiologic compass points toward common signaling dysfunctions in autism spectrum disorders. J Clin Invest. 2009 Apr; 119(4):747-54. PMID: 19339766.
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    88. Thompson BL, Levitt P, Stanwood GD. Prenatal exposure to drugs: effects on brain development and implications for policy and education. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2009 Apr; 10(4):303-12. PMID: 19277053.
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    89. Campbell DB, Buie TM, Winter H, Bauman M, Sutcliffe JS, Perrin JM, Levitt P. Distinct genetic risk based on association of MET in families with co-occurring autism and gastrointestinal conditions. Pediatrics. 2009 Mar; 123(3):1018-24. PMID: 19255034.
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    90. Campbell DB, Li C, Sutcliffe JS, Persico AM, Levitt P. Genetic evidence implicating multiple genes in the MET receptor tyrosine kinase pathway in autism spectrum disorder. Autism Res. 2008 Jun; 1(3):159-68. PMID: 19360663.
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    91. Peuckert C, Wacker E, Rapus J, Levitt P, Bolz J. Adaptive changes in gene expression patterns in the somatosensory cortex after deletion of ephrinA5. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2008 Sep; 39(1):21-31. PMID: 18619851.
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    92. Campbell DB, Levitt P. Future of individualized psychiatric treatment. Pharmacogenomics. 2008 May; 9(5):493-5. PMID: 18466095.
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    93. Krystal JH, Carter CS, Geschwind D, Manji HK, March JS, Nestler EJ, Zubieta JK, Charney DS, Goldman D, Gur RE, Lieberman JA, Roy-Byrne P, Rubinow DR, Anderson SA, Barondes S, Berman KF, Blair J, Braff DL, Brown ES, Calabrese JR, Carlezon WA, Cook EH, Davidson RJ, Davis M, Desimone R, Drevets WC, Duman RS, Essock SM, Faraone SV, Freedman R, Friston KJ, Gelernter J, Geller B, Gill M, Gould E, Grace AA, Grillon C, Gueorguieva R, Hariri AR, Innis RB, Jones EG, Kleinman JE, Koob GF, Krystal AD, Leibenluft E, Levinson DF, Levitt PR, Lewis DA, Liberzon I, Lipska BK, Marder SR, Markou A, Mason GF, McDougle CJ, McEwen BS, McMahon FJ, Meaney MJ, Meltzer HY, Merikangas KR, Meyer-Lindenberg A, Mirnics K, Monteggia LM, Neumeister A, O'Brien CP, Owen MJ, Pine DS, Rapoport JL, Rauch SL, Robbins TW, Rosenbaum JF, Rosenberg DR, Ross CA, Rush AJ, Sackeim HA, Sanacora G, Schatzberg AF, Shaham Y, Siever LJ, Sunderland T, Tecott LH, Thase ME, Todd RD, Weissman MM, Yehuda R, Yoshikawa T, Young EA, McCandless R. It is time to take a stand for medical research and against terrorism targeting medical scientists. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Apr 15; 63(8):725-7. PMID: 18371494.
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    94. Connors SL, Levitt P, Matthews SG, Slotkin TA, Johnston MV, Kinney HC, Johnson WG, Dailey RM, Zimmerman AW. Fetal mechanisms in neurodevelopmental disorders. Pediatr Neurol. 2008 Mar; 38(3):163-76. PMID: 18279750.
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    95. Campbell DB, Lange LA, Skelly T, Lieberman J, Levitt P, Sullivan PF. Association of RGS2 and RGS5 variants with schizophrenia symptom severity. Schizophr Res. 2008 Apr; 101(1-3):67-75. PMID: 18262772.
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    96. Catania EH, Pimenta A, Levitt P. Genetic deletion of Lsamp causes exaggerated behavioral activation in novel environments. Behav Brain Res. 2008 Apr 09; 188(2):380-90. PMID: 18199495.
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    97. D'Arceuil H, Liu C, Levitt P, Thompson B, Kosofsky B, de Crespigny A. Three-dimensional high-resolution diffusion tensor imaging and tractography of the developing rabbit brain. Dev Neurosci. 2008; 30(4):262-75. PMID: 17962716.
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    98. Campbell DB, D'Oronzio R, Garbett K, Ebert PJ, Mirnics K, Levitt P, Persico AM. Disruption of cerebral cortex MET signaling in autism spectrum disorder. Ann Neurol. 2007 Sep; 62(3):243-50. PMID: 17696172.
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    99. Harrington PB, Laurent C, Levinson DF, Levitt P, Markey SP. Bootstrap classification and point-based feature selection from age-staged mouse cerebellum tissues of matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectra using a fuzzy rule-building expert system. Anal Chim Acta. 2007 Sep 19; 599(2):219-31. PMID: 17870284.
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    100. Eagleson KL, Schlueter McFadyen-Ketchum LJ, Ahrens ET, Mills PH, Does MD, Nickols J, Levitt P. Disruption of Foxg1 expression by knock-in of cre recombinase: effects on the development of the mouse telencephalon. Neuroscience. 2007 Aug 24; 148(2):385-99. PMID: 17640820.
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    101. Campbell DB, Ebert PJ, Skelly T, Stroup TS, Lieberman J, Levitt P, Sullivan PF. Ethnic stratification of the association of RGS4 variants with antipsychotic treatment response in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2008 Jan 01; 63(1):32-41. PMID: 17588543.
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    102. Arion D, Unger T, Lewis DA, Levitt P, Mirnics K. Molecular evidence for increased expression of genes related to immune and chaperone function in the prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Oct 01; 62(7):711-21. PMID: 17568569.
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    103. Chowdari KV, Bamne M, Wood J, Talkowski ME, Mirnics K, Levitt P, Lewis DA, Nimgaonkar VL. Linkage disequilibrium patterns and functional analysis of RGS4 polymorphisms in relation to schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2008 Jan; 34(1):118-26. PMID: 17515439.
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    104. Koshibu K, Levitt P. Gene x environment effects: stress and memory dysfunctions caused by stress and gonadal factor irregularities during puberty in control and TGF-alpha hypomorphic mice. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2008 Feb; 33(3):557-65. PMID: 17473839.
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    105. Bonnin A, Torii M, Wang L, Rakic P, Levitt P. Serotonin modulates the response of embryonic thalamocortical axons to netrin-1. Nat Neurosci. 2007 May; 10(5):588-97. PMID: 17450135.
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    106. Stanwood GD, Levitt P. Waved-1 mutant mice are hypersensitive to the locomotor actions of cocaine. Synapse. 2007 Apr; 61(4):259-62. PMID: 17230552.
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    107. Sabatini MJ, Ebert P, Lewis DA, Levitt P, Cameron JL, Mirnics K. Amygdala gene expression correlates of social behavior in monkeys experiencing maternal separation. J Neurosci. 2007 Mar 21; 27(12):3295-304. PMID: 17376990.
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    108. Parlaman JP, Thompson BL, Levitt P, Stanwood GD. Pharmacokinetic profile of cocaine following intravenous administration in the female rabbit. Eur J Pharmacol. 2007 Jun 01; 563(1-3):124-9. PMID: 17383635.
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    109. Geschwind DH, Levitt P. Autism spectrum disorders: developmental disconnection syndromes. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2007 Feb; 17(1):103-11. PMID: 17275283.
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    110. Stanwood GD, Levitt P. Prenatal exposure to cocaine produces unique developmental and long-term adaptive changes in dopamine D1 receptor activity and subcellular distribution. J Neurosci. 2007 Jan 03; 27(1):152-7. PMID: 17202482.
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    111. Kudo LC, Karsten SL, Chen J, Levitt P, Geschwind DH. Genetic analysis of anterior posterior expression gradients in the developing mammalian forebrain. Cereb Cortex. 2007 Sep; 17(9):2108-22. PMID: 17150988.
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    112. Campbell DB, Sutcliffe JS, Ebert PJ, Militerni R, Bravaccio C, Trillo S, Elia M, Schneider C, Melmed R, Sacco R, Persico AM, Levitt P. A genetic variant that disrupts MET transcription is associated with autism. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Nov 07; 103(45):16834-9. PMID: 17053076.
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    113. Ebert PJ, Campbell DB, Levitt P. Bacterial artificial chromosome transgenic analysis of dynamic expression patterns of regulator of G-protein signaling 4 during development. I. Cerebral cortex. Neuroscience. 2006 Nov 03; 142(4):1145-61. PMID: 16996696.
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    114. Ebert PJ, Campbell DB, Levitt P. Bacterial artificial chromosome transgenic analysis of dynamic expression patterns of regulator of G-protein signaling 4 during development. II. Subcortical regions. Neuroscience. 2006 Nov 03; 142(4):1163-81. PMID: 16989953.
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    115. Stanwood GD, Parlaman JP, Levitt P. Genetic or pharmacological inactivation of the dopamine D1 receptor differentially alters the expression of regulator of G-protein signalling (Rgs) transcripts. Eur J Neurosci. 2006 Aug; 24(3):806-18. PMID: 16930410.
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    116. Levitt P, Ebert P, Mirnics K, Nimgaonkar VL, Lewis DA. Making the case for a candidate vulnerability gene in schizophrenia: Convergent evidence for regulator of G-protein signaling 4 (RGS4). Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Sep 15; 60(6):534-7. PMID: 16860780.
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    117. Chowdari KV, Northup A, Pless L, Wood J, Joo YH, Mirnics K, Lewis DA, Levitt PR, Bacanu SA, Nimgaonkar VL. DNA pooling: a comprehensive, multi-stage association analysis of ACSL6 and SIRT5 polymorphisms in schizophrenia. Genes Brain Behav. 2007 Apr; 6(3):229-39. PMID: 16827919.
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    118. Bonnin A, Peng W, Hewlett W, Levitt P. Expression mapping of 5-HT1 serotonin receptor subtypes during fetal and early postnatal mouse forebrain development. Neuroscience. 2006 Aug 25; 141(2):781-94. PMID: 16824687.
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    119. Persico AM, Di Pino G, Levitt P. Multiple receptors mediate the trophic effects of serotonin on ventroposterior thalamic neurons in vitro. Brain Res. 2006 Jun 20; 1095(1):17-25. PMID: 16701576.
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    120. Ding J, Guzman JN, Tkatch T, Chen S, Goldberg JA, Ebert PJ, Levitt P, Wilson CJ, Hamm HE, Surmeier DJ. RGS4-dependent attenuation of M4 autoreceptor function in striatal cholinergic interneurons following dopamine depletion. Nat Neurosci. 2006 Jun; 9(6):832-42. PMID: 16699510.
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    121. Talkowski ME, Seltman H, Bassett AS, Brzustowicz LM, Chen X, Chowdari KV, Collier DA, Cordeiro Q, Corvin AP, Deshpande SN, Egan MF, Gill M, Kendler KS, Kirov G, Heston LL, Levitt P, Lewis DA, Li T, Mirnics K, Morris DW, Norton N, O'Donovan MC, Owen MJ, Richard C, Semwal P, Sobell JL, St Clair D, Straub RE, Thelma BK, Vallada H, Weinberger DR, Williams NM, Wood J, Zhang F, Devlin B, Nimgaonkar VL. Evaluation of a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia: genotype based meta-analysis of RGS4 polymorphisms from thirteen independent samples. Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Jul 15; 60(2):152-62. PMID: 16631129.
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    122. Mirnics K, Levitt P, Lewis DA. Critical appraisal of DNA microarrays in psychiatric genomics. Biol Psychiatry. 2006 Jul 15; 60(2):163-76. PMID: 16616896.
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    123. Persico AM, Levitt P, Pimenta AF. Polymorphic GGC repeat differentially regulates human reelin gene expression levels. J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2006 Oct; 113(10):1373-82. PMID: 16604303.
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    124. Torii M, Levitt P. Dissociation of corticothalamic and thalamocortical axon targeting by an EphA7-mediated mechanism. Neuron. 2005 Nov 23; 48(4):563-75. PMID: 16301174.
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    125. Thompson BL, Levitt P, Stanwood GD. Prenatal cocaine exposure specifically alters spontaneous alternation behavior. Behav Brain Res. 2005 Oct 14; 164(1):107-16. PMID: 16054247.
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    126. Card JP, Levitt P, Gluhovsky M, Rinaman L. Early experience modifies the postnatal assembly of autonomic emotional motor circuits in rats. J Neurosci. 2005 Oct 05; 25(40):9102-11. PMID: 16207869.
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    127. Hollingshead D, Korade Z, Lewis DA, Levitt P, Mirnics K. DNA self-polymers as microarray probes improve assay sensitivity. J Neurosci Methods. 2006 Mar 15; 151(2):216-23. PMID: 16165216.
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    128. Eagleson KL, Bonnin A, Levitt P. Region- and age-specific deficits in gamma-aminobutyric acidergic neuron development in the telencephalon of the uPAR(-/-) mouse. J Comp Neurol. 2005 Sep 05; 489(4):449-66. PMID: 16025458.
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    129. Laurent C, Levinson DF, Schwartz SA, Harrington PB, Markey SP, Caprioli RM, Levitt P. Direct profiling of the cerebellum by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry: A methodological study in postnatal and adult mouse. J Neurosci Res. 2005 Sep 01; 81(5):613-21. PMID: 16035104.
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    130. Dennis KE, Levitt P. Regional expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is correlated with dynamic patterns of promoter methylation in the developing mouse forebrain. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2005 Oct 31; 140(1-2):1-9. PMID: 16054725.
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    131. Stanwood GD, Parlaman JP, Levitt P. Anatomical abnormalities in dopaminoceptive regions of the cerebral cortex of dopamine D1 receptor mutant mice. J Comp Neurol. 2005 Jul 04; 487(3):270-82. PMID: 15892099.
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    132. Levitt P. Developmental neurobiology and clinical disorders: lost in translation? Neuron. 2005 May 05; 46(3):407-12. PMID: 15882640.
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    133. Middleton FA, Peng L, Lewis DA, Levitt P, Mirnics K. Altered expression of 14-3-3 genes in the prefrontal cortex of subjects with schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2005 May; 30(5):974-83. PMID: 15726117.
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    134. Koshibu K, Ahrens ET, Levitt P. Postpubertal sex differentiation of forebrain structures and functions depend on transforming growth factor-alpha. J Neurosci. 2005 Apr 13; 25(15):3870-80. PMID: 15829639.
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    135. Pimenta AF, Levitt P. Applications of gene targeting technology to mental retardation and developmental disability research. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2005; 11(4):295-302. PMID: 16240411.
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    136. Levitt P. Disruption of interneuron development. Epilepsia. 2005; 46 Suppl 7:22-8. PMID: 16201992.
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    137. Koshibu K, Levitt P. Sex differences in expression of transforming growth factor-alpha and epidermal growth factor receptor mRNA in Waved-1 and C57Bl6 mice. Neuroscience. 2005; 134(3):877-87. PMID: 15994019.
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    138. Pongrac JL, Middleton FA, Peng L, Lewis DA, Levitt P, Mirnics K. Heat shock protein 12A shows reduced expression in the prefrontal cortex of subjects with schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Dec 15; 56(12):943-50. PMID: 15601604.
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    139. Levitt P, Eagleson KL, Powell EM. Regulation of neocortical interneuron development and the implications for neurodevelopmental disorders. Trends Neurosci. 2004 Jul; 27(7):400-6. PMID: 15219739.
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    140. Belmonte MK, Cook EH, Anderson GM, Rubenstein JL, Greenough WT, Beckel-Mitchener A, Courchesne E, Boulanger LM, Powell SB, Levitt PR, Perry EK, Jiang YH, DeLorey TM, Tierney E. Autism as a disorder of neural information processing: directions for research and targets for therapy. Mol Psychiatry. 2004 Jul; 9(7):646-63. PMID: 15037868.
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    141. Pimenta AF, Levitt P. Characterization of the genomic structure of the mouse limbic system-associated membrane protein (Lsamp) gene. Genomics. 2004 May; 83(5):790-801. PMID: 15081109.
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    142. Bolz J, Uziel D, Mühlfriedel S, Güllmar A, Peuckert C, Zarbalis K, Wurst W, Torii M, Levitt P. Multiple roles of ephrins during the formation of thalamocortical projections: maps and more. J Neurobiol. 2004 Apr; 59(1):82-94. PMID: 15007829.
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    143. Stanwood GD, Levitt P. Drug exposure early in life: functional repercussions of changing neuropharmacology during sensitive periods of brain development. Curr Opin Pharmacol. 2004 Feb; 4(1):65-71. PMID: 15018841.
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    144. Levitt P. Neuroscience. Sealing cortical cell fate. Science. 2004 Jan 02; 303(5654):48-9. PMID: 14704417.
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    145. Mirnics K, Levitt P, Lewis DA. DNA microarray analysis of postmortem brain tissue. Int Rev Neurobiol. 2004; 60:153-81. PMID: 15474590.
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    146. Dykens EM, Sutcliffe JS, Levitt P. Autism and 15q11-q13 disorders: behavioral, genetic, and pathophysiological issues. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 2004; 10(4):284-91. PMID: 15666333.
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    147. Campbell DB, Levitt P. Regionally restricted expression of the transcription factor c-myc intron 1 binding protein during brain development. J Comp Neurol. 2003 Dec 22; 467(4):581-92. PMID: 14624490.
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    148. Eagleson KL, Pimenta AF, Burns MM, Fairfull LD, Cornuet PK, Zhang L, Levitt P. Distinct domains of the limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP) mediate discrete effects on neurite outgrowth. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2003 Nov; 24(3):725-40. PMID: 14664821.
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    149. Levitt P. Structural and functional maturation of the developing primate brain. J Pediatr. 2003 Oct; 143(4 Suppl):S35-45. PMID: 14597912.
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    150. Powell EM, Mühlfriedel S, Bolz J, Levitt P. Differential regulation of thalamic and cortical axonal growth by hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor. Dev Neurosci. 2003 Mar-Aug; 25(2-4):197-206. PMID: 12966217.
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    151. Powell EM, Campbell DB, Stanwood GD, Davis C, Noebels JL, Levitt P. Genetic disruption of cortical interneuron development causes region- and GABA cell type-specific deficits, epilepsy, and behavioral dysfunction. J Neurosci. 2003 Jan 15; 23(2):622-31. PMID: 12533622.
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    152. Stanwood GD, Levitt P. Repeated i.v. cocaine exposure produces long-lasting behavioral sensitization in pregnant adults, but behavioral tolerance in their offspring. Neuroscience. 2003; 122(3):579-83. PMID: 14622900.
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    153. Uziel D, Mühlfriedel S, Zarbalis K, Wurst W, Levitt P, Bolz J. Miswiring of limbic thalamocortical projections in the absence of ephrin-A5. J Neurosci. 2002 Nov 01; 22(21):9352-7. PMID: 12417660.
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    154. Pongrac J, Middleton FA, Lewis DA, Levitt P, Mirnics K. Gene expression profiling with DNA microarrays: advancing our understanding of psychiatric disorders. Neurochem Res. 2002 Oct; 27(10):1049-63. PMID: 12462404.
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    155. Gil OD, Zhang L, Chen S, Ren YQ, Pimenta A, Zanazzi G, Hillman D, Levitt P, Salzer JL. Complementary expression and heterophilic interactions between IgLON family members neurotrimin and LAMP. J Neurobiol. 2002 Jun 05; 51(3):190-204. PMID: 11984841.
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    156. Chowdari KV, Mirnics K, Semwal P, Wood J, Lawrence E, Bhatia T, Deshpande SN, B K T, Ferrell RE, Middleton FA, Devlin B, Levitt P, Lewis DA, Nimgaonkar VL. Association and linkage analyses of RGS4 polymorphisms in schizophrenia. Hum Mol Genet. 2002 Jun 01; 11(12):1373-80. PMID: 12023979.
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    157. Middleton FA, Mirnics K, Pierri JN, Lewis DA, Levitt P. Gene expression profiling reveals alterations of specific metabolic pathways in schizophrenia. J Neurosci. 2002 Apr 01; 22(7):2718-29. PMID: 11923437.
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    158. Lewis DA, Levitt P. Schizophrenia as a disorder of neurodevelopment. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2002; 25:409-32. PMID: 12052915.
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    159. Eagleson KL, Fairfull LD, Salton SR, Levitt P. Regional differences in neurotrophin availability regulate selective expression of VGF in the developing limbic cortex. J Neurosci. 2001 Dec 01; 21(23):9315-24. PMID: 11717365.
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    160. Mirnics K, Middleton FA, Lewis DA, Levitt P. The human genome: gene expression profiling and schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2001 Sep; 158(9):1384. PMID: 11532720.
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    161. Mirnics K, Middleton FA, Lewis DA, Levitt P. Analysis of complex brain disorders with gene expression microarrays: schizophrenia as a disease of the synapse. Trends Neurosci. 2001 Aug; 24(8):479-86. PMID: 11476888.
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    162. Stanwood GD, Levitt P. Prenatal cocaine exposure as a risk factor for later developmental outcomes. JAMA. 2001 Jul 04; 286(1):45; author reply 46-7. PMID: 11434821.
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    163. Mirnics K, Middleton FA, Stanwood GD, Lewis DA, Levitt P. Disease-specific changes in regulator of G-protein signaling 4 (RGS4) expression in schizophrenia. Mol Psychiatry. 2001 May; 6(3):293-301. PMID: 11326297.
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    164. Stanwood GD, Washington RA, Levitt P. Identification of a sensitive period of prenatal cocaine exposure that alters the development of the anterior cingulate cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2001 May; 11(5):430-40. PMID: 11313295.
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    165. Mirnics K, Middleton FA, Lewis DA, Levitt P. Delineating novel signature patterns of altered gene expression in schizophrenia using gene microarrays. ScientificWorldJournal. 2001 Apr 04; 1:114-6. PMID: 12805694.
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    166. Powell EM, Mars WM, Levitt P. Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor is a motogen for interneurons migrating from the ventral to dorsal telencephalon. Neuron. 2001 Apr; 30(1):79-89. PMID: 11343646.
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    167. Pimenta AF, Strick PL, Levitt P. Novel proteoglycan epitope expressed in functionally discrete patterns in primate cortical and subcortical regions. J Comp Neurol. 2001 Feb 12; 430(3):369-88. PMID: 11169474.
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    168. Stanwood GD, Washington RA, Shumsky JS, Levitt P. Prenatal cocaine exposure produces consistent developmental alterations in dopamine-rich regions of the cerebral cortex. Neuroscience. 2001; 106(1):5-14. PMID: 11564412.
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    169. Mirnics K, Middleton FA, Marquez A, Lewis DA, Levitt P. Molecular characterization of schizophrenia viewed by microarray analysis of gene expression in prefrontal cortex. Neuron. 2000 Oct; 28(1):53-67. PMID: 11086983.
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    170. Jones LB, Stanwood GD, Reinoso BS, Washington RA, Wang HY, Friedman E, Levitt P. In utero cocaine-induced dysfunction of dopamine D1 receptor signaling and abnormal differentiation of cerebral cortical neurons. J Neurosci. 2000 Jun 15; 20(12):4606-14. PMID: 10844030.
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    171. Rinaman L, Levitt P, Card JP. Progressive postnatal assembly of limbic-autonomic circuits revealed by central transneuronal transport of pseudorabies virus. J Neurosci. 2000 Apr 01; 20(7):2731-41. PMID: 10729354.
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    172. Burrows RC, Levitt P, Shors TJ. Postnatal decrease in transforming growth factor alpha is associated with enlarged ventricles, deficient amygdaloid vasculature and performance deficits. Neuroscience. 2000; 96(4):825-36. PMID: 10727800.
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    173. Burrows RC, Lillien L, Levitt P. Mechanisms of progenitor maturation are conserved in the striatum and cortex. Dev Neurosci. 2000; 22(1-2):7-15. PMID: 10657693.
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    174. Levitt P, Eagleson KL. Regionalization of the cerebral cortex: developmental mechanisms and models. Novartis Found Symp. 2000; 228:173-81; discussion 181-7. PMID: 10929322.
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    175. Eagleson KL, Levitt P. Complex signaling responsible for molecular regionalization of the cerebral cortex. Cereb Cortex. 1999 Sep; 9(6):562-8. PMID: 10498274.
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    176. Eagleson KL, Daigneau L, Levitt P. The role of ErbB receptor signaling in cell fate decisions by cortical progenitors: evidence for a biased, lineage-based responsiveness to different ligands. Mol Cell Neurosci. 1998 Dec; 12(6):349-62. PMID: 9924101.
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    177. Mann F, Zhukareva V, Pimenta A, Levitt P, Bolz J. Membrane-associated molecules guide limbic and nonlimbic thalamocortical projections. J Neurosci. 1998 Nov 15; 18(22):9409-19. PMID: 9801379.
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    178. Cunningham TJ, Hodge L, Speicher D, Reim D, Tyler-Polsz C, Levitt P, Eagleson K, Kennedy S, Wang Y. Identification of a survival-promoting peptide in medium conditioned by oxidatively stressed cell lines of nervous system origin. J Neurosci. 1998 Sep 15; 18(18):7047-60. PMID: 9736629.
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    179. Levitt P. Prenatal effects of drugs of abuse on brain development. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1998 Jun-Jul; 51(1-2):109-25. PMID: 9716934.
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    180. Pimenta AF, Tsui LC, Heng HH, Levitt P. Assignment of the gene encoding the limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP) to mouse chromosome 16B5 and human chromosome 3q13.2-q21. Genomics. 1998 May 01; 49(3):472-4. PMID: 9615236.
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    181. Gao PP, Yue Y, Zhang JH, Cerretti DP, Levitt P, Zhou R. Regulation of thalamic neurite outgrowth by the Eph ligand ephrin-A5: implications in the development of thalamocortical projections. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Apr 28; 95(9):5329-34. PMID: 9560275.
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    182. Levitt P, Reinoso B, Jones L. The critical impact of early cellular environment on neuronal development. Prev Med. 1998 Mar-Apr; 27(2):180-3. PMID: 9578991.
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    183. Zhang B, Levitt P, Murray M. Induction of presynaptic reexpression of an adhesion protein in lamina II after dorsal root deafferentation in adult rat spinal cord. Exp Neurol. 1998 Feb; 149(2):468-72. PMID: 9500956.
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    184. Burrows RC, Wancio D, Levitt P, Lillien L. Response diversity and the timing of progenitor cell maturation are regulated by developmental changes in EGFR expression in the cortex. Neuron. 1997 Aug; 19(2):251-67. PMID: 9292717.
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    185. Zhang JH, Pimenta AF, Levitt P, Zhou R. Dynamic expression suggests multiple roles of the eph family receptor brain-specific kinase (Bsk) during mouse neurogenesis. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1997 Jul; 47(1-2):202-14. PMID: 9221918.
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    186. Levitt P, Harvey JA, Friedman E, Simansky K, Murphy EH. New evidence for neurotransmitter influences on brain development. Trends Neurosci. 1997 Jun; 20(6):269-74. PMID: 9185309.
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    187. Murphy EH, Fischer I, Friedman E, Grayson D, Jones L, Levitt P, O'Brien-Jenkins A, Wang HY, Wang XH. Cocaine administration in pregnant rabbits alters cortical structure and function in their progeny in the absence of maternal seizures. Exp Brain Res. 1997 May; 114(3):433-41. PMID: 9187279.
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    188. Eagleson KL, Lillien L, Chan AV, Levitt P. Mechanisms specifying area fate in cortex include cell-cycle-dependent decisions and the capacity of progenitors to express phenotype memory. Development. 1997 Apr; 124(8):1623-30. PMID: 9108378.
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    189. Levitt P, Barbe MF, Eagleson KL. Patterning and specification of the cerebral cortex. Annu Rev Neurosci. 1997; 20:1-24. PMID: 9056705.
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    190. Levitt P, Eagleson KL, Chan AV, Ferri RT, Lillien L. Signaling pathways that regulate specification of neurons in developing cerebral cortex. Dev Neurosci. 1997; 19(1):6-8. PMID: 9078425.
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    191. Zhukareva V, Chernevskaya N, Pimenta A, Nowycky M, Levitt P. Limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP) induces neurite outgrowth and intracellular Ca2+ increase in primary fetal neurons. Mol Cell Neurosci. 1997; 10(1-2):43-55. PMID: 9361287.
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    192. Reinoso BS, Pimenta AF, Levitt P. Expression of the mRNAs encoding the limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP): I. Adult rat brain. J Comp Neurol. 1996 Nov 11; 375(2):274-88. PMID: 8915830.
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    193. Pimenta AF, Reinoso BS, Levitt P. Expression of the mRNAs encoding the limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP): II. Fetal rat brain. J Comp Neurol. 1996 Nov 11; 375(2):289-302. PMID: 8915831.
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    194. Nicholson-Flynn K, Hitchcock-DeGregori SE, Levitt P. Restricted expression of the actin-regulatory protein, tropomyosin, defines distinct boundaries, evaginating neuroepithelium, and choroid plexus forerunners during early CNS development. J Neurosci. 1996 Nov 01; 16(21):6853-63. PMID: 8824324.
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    195. Hoffman JR, Boyne LJ, Levitt P, Fischer I. Short exposure to methylazoxymethanol causes a long-term inhibition of axonal outgrowth from cultured embryonic rat hippocampal neurons. J Neurosci Res. 1996 Nov 01; 46(3):349-59. PMID: 8933374.
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    196. Jones L, Fischer I, Levitt P. Nonuniform alteration of dendritic development in the cerebral cortex following prenatal cocaine exposure. Cereb Cortex. 1996 May-Jun; 6(3):431-45. PMID: 8670669.
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    197. Eagleson KL, Ferri RT, Levitt P. Complementary distribution of collagen type IV and the epidermal growth factor receptor in the rat embryonic telencephalon. Cereb Cortex. 1996 May-Jun; 6(3):540-9. PMID: 8670680.
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    198. Mermelstein F, Yeung K, Cao J, Inostroza JA, Erdjument-Bromage H, Eagelson K, Landsman D, Levitt P, Tempst P, Reinberg D. Requirement of a corepressor for Dr1-mediated repression of transcription. Genes Dev. 1996 Apr 15; 10(8):1033-48. PMID: 8608938.
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    199. Ferri RT, Eagleson KL, Levitt P. Environmental signals influence expression of a cortical areal phenotype in vitro independent of effects on progenitor cell proliferation. Dev Biol. 1996 Apr 10; 175(1):184-90. PMID: 8608865.
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    200. Wang XH, Levitt P, O'Brien Jenkins A, Murphy EH. Normal development of tyrosine hydroxylase and serotonin immunoreactive fibers innervating anterior cingulate cortex and visual cortex in rabbits exposed prenatally to cocaine. Brain Res. 1996 Apr 09; 715(1-2):221-4. PMID: 8739642.
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    201. Reinoso BS, Undie AS, Levitt P. Dopamine receptors mediate differential morphological effects on cerebral cortical neurons in vitro. J Neurosci Res. 1996 Feb 15; 43(4):439-53. PMID: 8699530.
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    202. Côté PY, Levitt P, Parent A. Limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP) in primate amygdala and hippocampus. Hippocampus. 1996; 6(5):483-94. PMID: 8953302.
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    203. Côté PY, Levitt P, Parent A. Distribution of limbic system-associated membrane protein immunoreactivity in primate basal ganglia. Neuroscience. 1995 Nov; 69(1):71-81. PMID: 8637634.
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    204. Wang XH, Levitt P, Grayson DR, Murphy EH. Intrauterine cocaine exposure of rabbits: persistent elevation of GABA-immunoreactive neurons in anterior cingulate cortex but not visual cortex. Brain Res. 1995 Aug 14; 689(1):32-46. PMID: 8528704.
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    205. Pimenta AF, Zhukareva V, Barbe MF, Reinoso BS, Grimley C, Henzel W, Fischer I, Levitt P. The limbic system-associated membrane protein is an Ig superfamily member that mediates selective neuronal growth and axon targeting. Neuron. 1995 Aug; 15(2):287-97. PMID: 7646886.
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    206. Barbe MF, Levitt P. Age-dependent specification of the corticocortical connections of cerebral grafts. J Neurosci. 1995 Mar; 15(3 Pt 1):1819-34. PMID: 7891137.
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    207. Levitt P, Ferri R, Eagleson K. Molecular contributions to cerebral cortical specification. Ciba Found Symp. 1995; 193:200-13; discussion 251-7. PMID: 8727493.
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    208. Prouty SM, Levitt P. Immunocytochemical analysis of a novel carbohydrate differentiation antigen (CDA-3C2) associated with olfactory and otic systems during embryogenesis in the rat. J Comp Neurol. 1993 Jun 22; 332(4):444-70. PMID: 7688772.
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    209. Prouty SM, Levitt P. Immunoelectron microscopic analysis of a novel carbohydrate differentiation antigen (CDA-3C2) in the developing rat olfactory and otic systems. J Comp Neurol. 1993 Jun 22; 332(4):471-86. PMID: 8349843.
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    210. Ferri RT, Levitt P. Cerebral cortical progenitors are fated to produce region-specific neuronal populations. Cereb Cortex. 1993 May-Jun; 3(3):187-98. PMID: 8324369.
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    211. Silver J, Edwards MA, Levitt P. Immunocytochemical demonstration of early appearing astroglial structures that form boundaries and pathways along axon tracts in the fetal brain. J Comp Neurol. 1993 Feb 15; 328(3):415-36. PMID: 8440789.
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    212. Barbe MF, Levitt P. Attraction of specific thalamic input by cerebral grafts depends on the molecular identity of the implant. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 May 01; 89(9):3706-10. PMID: 1570290.
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    213. Qian JA, Bull MS, Levitt P. Target-derived astroglia regulate axonal outgrowth in a region-specific manner. Dev Biol. 1992 Feb; 149(2):278-94. PMID: 1730385.
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    214. Miller M, Bower E, Levitt P, Li D, Chantler PD. Myosin II distribution in neurons is consistent with a role in growth cone motility but not synaptic vesicle mobilization. Neuron. 1992 Jan; 8(1):25-44. PMID: 1730005.
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    215. Milligan CE, Levitt P, Cunningham TJ. Brain macrophages and microglia respond differently to lesions of the developing and adult visual system. J Comp Neurol. 1991 Dec 01; 314(1):136-46. PMID: 1797869.
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    216. Milligan CE, Cunningham TJ, Levitt P. Differential immunochemical markers reveal the normal distribution of brain macrophages and microglia in the developing rat brain. J Comp Neurol. 1991 Dec 01; 314(1):125-35. PMID: 1797868.
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    217. Rinaman L, Levitt P. Access to gastric tissue promotes the survival of axotomized neurons in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus in neonatal rats. J Comp Neurol. 1991 Nov 08; 313(2):213-26. PMID: 1765581.
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    218. Barbe MF, Levitt P. The early commitment of fetal neurons to the limbic cortex. J Neurosci. 1991 Feb; 11(2):519-33. PMID: 1992014.
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    219. Chesselet MF, Gonzales C, Levitt P. Heterogeneous distribution of the limbic system-associated membrane protein in the caudate nucleus and substantia nigra of the cat. Neuroscience. 1991; 40(3):725-33. PMID: 1676494.
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    220. Rinaman L, Milligan CE, Levitt P. Persistence of fluoro-gold following degeneration of labeled motoneurons is due to phagocytosis by microglia and macrophages. Neuroscience. 1991; 44(3):765-76. PMID: 1721690.
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    221. Zacco A, Cooper V, Chantler PD, Fisher-Hyland S, Horton HL, Levitt P. Isolation, biochemical characterization and ultrastructural analysis of the limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP), a protein expressed by neurons comprising functional neural circuits. J Neurosci. 1990 Jan; 10(1):73-90. PMID: 1688937.
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    222. Keller F, Rimvall K, Barbe MF, Levitt P. A membrane glycoprotein associated with the limbic system mediates the formation of the septo-hippocampal pathway in vitro. Neuron. 1989 Nov; 3(5):551-61. PMID: 2642010.
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    223. Keller F, Levitt P. Developmental and regeneration-associated regulation of the limbic system associated membrane protein in explant cultures of the rat brain. Neuroscience. 1989; 28(2):455-74. PMID: 2922110.
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    224. Horton HL, Levitt P. A unique membrane protein is expressed on early developing limbic system axons and cortical targets. J Neurosci. 1988 Dec; 8(12):4653-61. PMID: 3199199.
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    225. Levitt P. Normal pharmacological and morphometric parameters in the noradrenergic hyperinnervated mutant mouse, "tottering". Cell Tissue Res. 1988 Apr; 252(1):175-80. PMID: 2897882.
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    226. Levitt P, Lau C, Pylypiw A, Ross LL. Central adrenergic receptor changes in the inherited noradrenergic hyperinnervated mutant mouse tottering. Brain Res. 1987 Aug 18; 418(1):174-7. PMID: 2822204.
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    227. Levitt P, Rakic P, De Camilli P, Greengard P. Emergence of cyclic guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate-dependent protein kinase immunoreactivity in developing rhesus monkey cerebellum: correlative immunocytochemical and electron microscopic analysis. J Neurosci. 1984 Oct; 4(10):2553-64. PMID: 6092565.
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    228. Levitt P, Rakic P, Goldman-Rakic P. Region-specific distribution of catecholamine afferents in primate cerebral cortex: a fluorescence histochemical analysis. J Comp Neurol. 1984 Jul 20; 227(1):23-36. PMID: 6470208.
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    229. De Camilli P, Miller PE, Levitt P, Walter U, Greengard P. Anatomy of cerebellar Purkinje cells in the rat determined by a specific immunohistochemical marker. Neuroscience. 1984 Apr; 11(4):761-817. PMID: 6330609.
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    230. Pintar JE, Levitt P, Salach JI, Weyler W, Rosenberg MB, Breakefield XO. Specificity of antisera prepared against pure bovine MAO-B. Brain Res. 1983 Oct 03; 276(1):127-39. PMID: 6626992.
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    231. Levitt P, Pintar JE, Breakefield XO. Immunocytochemical demonstration of monoamine oxidase B in brain astrocytes and serotonergic neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1982 Oct; 79(20):6385-9. PMID: 6755469.
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    232. Levitt P, Rakic P. The time of genesis, embryonic origin and differentiation of the brain stem monoamine neurons in the rhesus monkey. Brain Res. 1982 May; 256(1):35-57. PMID: 7093728.
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    233. Levitt P. Central monoamine neuron systems: their organization in the developing and mature primate brain and the genetic regulation of their terminal fields. Adv Neurol. 1982; 35:49-59. PMID: 7148582.
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    234. Levitt P, Noebels JL. Mutant mouse tottering: selective increase of locus ceruleus axons in a defined single-locus mutation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981 Jul; 78(7):4630-4. PMID: 6945603.
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    235. Levitt P, Cooper ML, Rakic P. Coexistence of neuronal and glial precursor cells in the cerebral ventricular zone of the fetal monkey: an ultrastructural immunoperoxidase analysis. J Neurosci. 1981 Jan; 1(1):27-39. PMID: 7050307.
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    236. Levitt P, Rakic P. Immunoperoxidase localization of glial fibrillary acidic protein in radial glial cells and astrocytes of the developing rhesus monkey brain. J Comp Neurol. 1980 Oct 01; 193(3):815-40. PMID: 7002963.
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    237. Levitt P, Moore RY. Origin and organization of brainstem catecholamine innervation in the rat. J Comp Neurol. 1979 Aug 15; 186(4):505-28. PMID: 15116686.
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    238. Levitt P, Moore RY. Development of the noradrenergic innervation of neocortex. Brain Res. 1979 Feb 23; 162(2):243-59. PMID: 761089.
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    239. Levitt P, Moore RY. Developmental organization of raphe serotonin neuron groups in the rat. Anat Embryol (Berl). 1978 Sep 27; 154(3):241-51. PMID: 707816.
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    240. Levitt P, Moore RY. Noradrenaline neuron innervation of the neocortex in the rat. Brain Res. 1978 Jan 13; 139(2):219-31. PMID: 624057.
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    241. Levitt P, Moore RY, Garber BB. Selective cell association of catecholamine neurons in brain aggregates in vitro. Brain Res. 1976 Jul 30; 111(2):311-20. PMID: 949605.
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