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Vaughn Alden Starnes, MD

Title(s)Chair and Distinguished Professor of Surgery
Phone+1 323 442 5849
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)H. Russell Smith Foundation Chair for Stem Cell and Cardiovascular Thoracic Research

    Title(s)President of the USC Care Medical Group


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of North Carolina, Chapel HillBA06/1973
    University of North Carolina, Chapel HillMD06/1977
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville1978Surgery Internship
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville1981Pharmacology and Surgery Fellowship
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville1984Surgery Residency
    Stanford University, Stanford1986Cardiovascular Surgery Residency
    Stanford University, Stanford1987Cardiac Transplantation Residency
    Hospital for Sick Children (Great Ormond Street Hospital), London1987Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Fellowship
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    U.S. News and World Report2015Children's Hospital Los Angeles Cardiac Program, #3
    Pasadena Magazine2014Top Doctor
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill2013Distinguished Medical Alumnus Award
    Pasadena Magazine2011Top Doctor
    Castle Connolly Medical Ltd2011List of America's Top Doctors
    USC2008Presidential Medallion
    Castle Connolly Medical Ltd2004America's Top Doctors - New York

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Starnes is a Distinguished Professor and Chair of the Department of Surgery. As the founding Executive Director of the USC CardioVascular Thoracic Institute, Dr. Starnes has built an interdisciplinary powerhouse comprised of clinicians and basic scientists who are exploring better and more innovative ways of treating heart disease. Under his leadership, USC surgeons have conducted more than 15,000 open heart surgeries to repair and replace valves or create coronary artery bypasses, and more than 10,000 surgeries for diseases of the lungs, esophagus and chest wall.

    Dr. Starnes earned his medical degree from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and did his general surgery training at Vanderbilt University, where he also completed two years of research in cardiothoracic physiology and pharmacology. He completed two years at Stanford University as a resident in cardiovascular surgery, and one year as chief resident in cardiac transplantation under the mentorship of cardiothoracic transplant pioneer Dr. Norman Shumway.

    Dr. Starnes accepted a fellowship in pediatric cardiovascular surgery at the Hospital for Sick Children in London (Now the Great Ormond Street Hospital) in 1987. When he returned to Stanford, he was appointed director of Stanford's heart-lung transplantation program. He joined USC in July 1992 and was appointed Chairman of the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery in 1997 and Chairman of the Department of Surgery in 2008.

    Dr. Starnes pioneered the living-related double lobar lung transplant in 1993. He and his surgical team also performed Southern California's first robotic heart operation in 2001 as part of the clinical trial evaluating the use of a remote surgical system. He has an ongoing interest in congenital heart disease and in minimally invasive repair and replacement of the valves of the heart.

    In addition to his clinical work, Dr. Starnes is a distinguished researcher. He is actively involved in exploring stem-cell therapy for heart failure and congenital heart defects and in clinical trials investigating new valve technology, including percutaneous heart valve replacement.

    Dr. Starnes is the current Vice President of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery. He will be the 100th president of the AATS in 2019-2020.

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Featured Videos

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Shinbane JS, Baker C, Saremi F, Starnes V. Cardiovascular Computed Tomographic Angiography as a Virtual Patient Avatar for Individualized Surgical Planning of Complex Anomalous Coronary Artery Anatomy. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2019 Jul; 10(4):502-503. PMID: 31307300.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Bowdish ME, Elsayed RS, Starnes VA. Preemptive extracorporeal life support for surgical treatment of severe constrictive pericarditis (Commentary). Ann Thorac Surg. 2019 Jun 27. PMID: 31255611.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Fong TL, Fong M, Shinbane J, Starnes V, Van Herle H. Late onset cardiac cirrhosis and portal hypertensive ascites after atrial fibrillation ablation. Pulm Circ. 2019 Jan-Mar; 9(1):2045894018813559. PMID: 30419795.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Mallios DN, Bowdish ME, Starnes VA. The ring of fire: Nuances in the surgical management of mitral annular calcification. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Feb; 157(2):570-571. PMID: 30396733.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Wiggins LM, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar SR. Simultaneous Systemic to Pulmonary Shunt and Pulmonary Artery Banding is a Viable Option for Neonatal Palliation of Single Ventricle Physiology. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Sep 29. PMID: 30278269.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Kim AW, Starnes VA. Eating well at your first job. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Oct; 156(4):1585-1586. PMID: 30248796.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Gray WH, Hackmann AE, Starnes VA, Kiankhooy A. Successful rescue therapy with venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for re-expansion pulmonary oedema in a patient with one lung. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2018 Aug 03. PMID: 30084903.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Gray WH, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar SR. Arch Augmentation via Median Sternotomy for Coarctation of Aorta With Proximal Arch Hypoplasia. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 10; 106(4):1214-1219. PMID: 29753817.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Holst KA, Dearani JA, Said SM, Davies RR, Pizarro C, Knott-Craig C, Kumar TKS, Starnes VA, Kumar SR, Pasquali SK, Thibault DP, Meza JM, Hill KD, Chiswell K, Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML. Surgical Management and Outcomes of Ebstein Anomaly in Neonates and Infants: A Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database Analysis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 09; 106(3):785-791. PMID: 29777671.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Shinbane JS, Starnes V, Cleveland J, Lee C. Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery From the Pulmonary Artery (ALCAPA): CCTA Demonstration of Anatomy Relevant to Adult Ischemic Cardiomyopathy Presentation and Utilization of Images for Virtual Surgical Planning. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2018 05; 9(3):347-349. PMID: 29692231.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Kumar SR, Scott N, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Liberal Use of Delayed Sternal Closure in Children Is Not Associated With Increased Morbidity. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 Aug; 106(2):581-586. PMID: 29698662.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Cleveland JD, Tran S, Takao C, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar SR. Need for Pulmonary Arterioplasty During Glenn Independently Predicts Inferior Surgical Outcome. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 07; 106(1):156-164. PMID: 29653081.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Gray WH, Patel R, Baker CJ, Starnes VA, Bowdish ME. Resection of Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma in the Ventricular Septum Causing Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 03; 105(3):e107-e108. PMID: 29455819.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Gray WH, Fleischman F, Cunningham MJ, Kim AW, Baker CJ, Starnes VA, McFadden PM. Optimal Approach for Repair of Left Atrial-Esophageal Fistula Complicating Radiofrequency Ablation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 05; 105(5):e229-e231. PMID: 29410186.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Starnes VA, Sullivan ME. Landmark lecture on surgery: paediatric cardiothoracic surgery - training the next generation of congenital heart surgeons. Cardiol Young. 2017 Dec; 27(10):1986-1990. PMID: 29286272.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Fleischman F, Elsayed RS, Cohen RG, Tatum JM, Kumar SR, Kazerouni K, Mack WJ, Barr ML, Cunningham MJ, Hackmann AE, Baker CJ, Starnes VA, Bowdish ME. Selective Aortic Arch and Root Replacement in Repair of Acute Type A Aortic Dissection. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 Feb; 105(2):505-512. PMID: 29103584.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Puskas JD, Bavaria JE, Svensson LG, Blackstone EH, Griffith B, Gammie JS, Heimansohn DA, Sadowski J, Bartus K, Johnston DR, Rozanski J, Rosengart T, Girardi LN, Klodell CT, Mumtaz MA, Takayama H, Halkos M, Starnes V, Boateng P, Timek TA, Ryan W, Omer S, Smith CR. The COMMENCE trial: 2-year outcomes with an aortic bioprosthesis with RESILIA tissue. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2017 Sep 01; 52(3):432-439. PMID: 28605428.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Phuong N, Chang P, Starnes V, Shinbane JS. Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance of the Ross II Procedure: Long-Term Postoperative Imaging. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2017 05; 8(3):398-399. PMID: 28520547.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Hackmann AE, Wiggins LM, Grimes GP, Fogel RM, Schenkel FA, Barr ML, Bowdish ME, Cunningham MJ, Starnes VA. The Utility of Nurse-Managed Extracorporeal Life Support in an Adult Cardiac Intensive Care Unit. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 Aug; 104(2):510-514. PMID: 28193535.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Tatum JM, Bowdish ME, Mack WJ, Quinn AM, Cohen RG, Hackmann AE, Barr ML, Starnes VA. Outcomes after mitral valve repair: A single-center 16-year experience. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 09; 154(3):822-830.e2. PMID: 28283230.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Cleveland JD, Bowdish ME, Eberhardt CE, Mack WJ, Crabtree JA, Vassiliades TA, Speir AM, Darekar YA, Hackmann AE, Starnes VA, Cohen RG. Evaluation of Hemodynamic Performance of Aortic Valve Bioprostheses in a Model of Oversizing. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 Jun; 103(6):1866-1876. PMID: 28131425.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Starnes VA, Sullivan ME. The American Board of Thoracic Surgery Congenital Fellowship: Have We Lost Our International Heritage? Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2017 Jan; 20:77-78. PMID: 28007070.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Shinbane JS, Ghanshani S, Starnes V. Virtual 3-Dimensional Computed Tomographic Surgical Planning for Severe Aortic Coarctation/Aneurysm in the Setting of Bicuspid Aortic Valve. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2017 01; 8(1):99-100. PMID: 28033077.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Cohen RG, Hackmann AE, Fleischman F, Baker CJ, Cunningham MJ, Starnes VA, Bowdish ME. Type A Aortic Dissection Repair: How I Teach It. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 Jan; 103(1):14-17. PMID: 28007234.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Bowdish ME, Kumar SR, Starnes VA. The Ross procedure: an excellent option in the right hands. Ann Transl Med. 2016 Dec; 4(23):471. PMID: 28090527.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Kumar SR, Kung G, Noh N, Castillo N, Fagan B, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Single-Ventricle Outcomes After Neonatal Palliation of Severe Ebstein Anomaly With Modified Starnes Procedure. Circulation. 2016 Oct 25; 134(17):1257-1264. PMID: 27777295.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Kumar SR, Bansal N, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Outcomes of Reintervention on the Autograft After Ross Procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Nov; 102(5):1517-1521. PMID: 27345096.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Pike NA, Okuhara CA, Toyama J, Gross BP, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Reduced pleural drainage, length of stay, and readmissions using a modified Fontan management protocol. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Sep; 150(3):481-7. PMID: 26254747.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Bansal N, Kumar SR, Baker CJ, Lemus R, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Age-Related Outcomes of the Ross Procedure Over 20 Years. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jun; 99(6):2077-83; discussion 2084-5. PMID: 25921257.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Wiggins LM, Kumar SR, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Arterioplasty for Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction After Arterial Switch Is a Durable Procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jul; 100(1):122-7; discussion 127-8. PMID: 25921259.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Bowdish ME, Hui DS, Cleveland JD, Mack WJ, Sinha R, Ranjan R, Cohen RG, Baker CJ, Cunningham MJ, Barr ML, Starnes VA. A comparison of aortic valve replacement via an anterior right minithoracotomy with standard sternotomy: a propensity score analysis of 492 patients. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2016 Feb; 49(2):456-63. PMID: 25750007.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Sabati AA, Szmuszkovicz JR, Herrington C, Hermes M, Mahmoud HA, Phei Wee C, Starnes VA, Menteer J. Survival and quality of life for children with end-stage heart failure who are not candidates for cardiac transplant. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2015 Jul; 34(7):906-11. PMID: 25765370.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Long T, Lopez BM, Berberian C, Cunningham MJ, Starnes VA, Cohen RG. Exercise Hemodynamics and Quality of Life after Aortic Valve Replacement for Aortic Stenosis in the Elderly Using the Hancock II Bioprosthesis. Cardiol Res Pract. 2014; 2014:151282. PMID: 25544931.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Hui DS, Shavelle DM, Starnes VA, McFadden PM. Concurrent aortic valvular disease and pulmonary sequestration: clinical implications. Tex Heart Inst J. 2014 Dec; 41(6):649-52. PMID: 25593534.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Greene CL, Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Worrell SG, Starnes VA, McFadden PM. Outcomes after pregnancy in living lobar lung transplantation. Transplantation. 2014 Oct 15; 98(7):692-4. PMID: 25121476.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Hui DS, Shavelle DM, Cunningham MJ, Matthews RV, Starnes VA. Contemporary use of balloon aortic valvuloplasty in the era of transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Tex Heart Inst J. 2014 Oct; 41(5):469-76. PMID: 25425977.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Shinbane JS, Shriki J, Fleischman F, Hindoyan A, Withey J, Lee C, Wilcox A, Cunningham M, Baker C, Matthews RV, Starnes V. Anomalous coronary arteries: cardiovascular computed tomographic angiography for surgical decisions and planning. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2013 Apr; 4(2):142-54. PMID: 23799727.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Lien CL, Harrison MR, Tuan TL, Starnes VA. Heart repair and regeneration: recent insights from zebrafish studies. Wound Repair Regen. 2012 Sep-Oct; 20(5):638-46. PMID: 22818295.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Baker RY, Nguyen TJ, Hernandez AM, Wong AK, Baker CJ, Starnes VA. Breast implants and minimally invasive cardiac surgery: a case series. Ann Plast Surg. 2012 Jul; 69(1):10-3. PMID: 21659843.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Muralidaran A, Kim RW, Kopf GS, Pietris NP, Weeks BP, Starnes VA, Shinoka T. Modified Starnes procedure in a neonate with severe tricuspid regurgitation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Feb; 93(2):658-9. PMID: 22269736.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Shinbane JS, Shriki J, Hindoyan A, Ghosh B, Chang P, Farvid A, Saxon LA, Cao M, Cesario D, Takahashi M, Colletti PM, Wilcox A, Baker C, Starnes V. Unoperated congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, nonrestrictive ventricular septal defect, and pulmonary stenosis in middle adulthood: do multiple wrongs make a right? World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2012 Jan 01; 3(1):123-9. PMID: 23804696.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Kane LC, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. A novel reconstruction of the left superior vena cava. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Apr; 143(4):981-2. PMID: 22104680.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Cunningham MJ, Berberian CE, Starnes VA. Is transthoracic minimally invasive aortic valve replacement too time-consuming for the busy cardiac surgeon? Innovations (Phila). 2011 Jan; 6(1):10-4. PMID: 22437795.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Kim J, Wu Q, Zhang Y, Wiens KM, Huang Y, Rubin N, Shimada H, Handin RI, Chao MY, Tuan TL, Starnes VA, Lien CL. PDGF signaling is required for epicardial function and blood vessel formation in regenerating zebrafish hearts. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Oct 05; 107(40):17206-10. PMID: 20858732.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Nath DS, Nussbaum DP, Yurko C, Ragab OM, Shin AJ, Kumar SR, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Pulmonary homograft monocusp reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract: outcomes to the intermediate term. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jul; 90(1):42-9. PMID: 20609745.
      View in: PubMed
    46. del Castillo SL, McCulley ME, Khemani RG, Jeffries HE, Thomas DW, Peregrine J, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Moromisato DY. Reducing the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome with the introduction of an enteral feed protocol. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 May; 11(3):373-7. PMID: 19838139.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Nath DS, Shin AJ, Nussbaum DP, Berman D, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Ascending aortitis and aortic valve endocarditis in an infant. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Apr; 139(4):e90-1. PMID: 20304128.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Biniwale RM, Wells WJ, Herrington CS, Starnes VA. Obstruction of lateral tunnel fontan by an adjustable occluder device. J Card Surg. 2009 Nov-Dec; 24(6):750-2. PMID: 20078723.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Nath DS, Carden AJ, Nussbaum DP, Shin AJ, Khemani RG, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Can the Kawashima procedure be performed in younger patients? Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Aug; 88(2):581-6; discussion 586-7. PMID: 19632416.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Evans W, Madrid A, Castillo W, Rollins R, Berthoty DP, Starnes V, Wiencek R, Ciccolo M, Acherman R. All cardiac right ventricular outpouches are not created equal. Pediatr Cardiol. 2009 Oct; 30(7):954-7. PMID: 19488803.
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    51. Pruetz JD, Badran S, Dorey F, Starnes VA, Lewis AB. Differential branch pulmonary artery growth after the Norwood procedure with right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Jun; 137(6):1342-8. PMID: 19464446.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Tran TT, Starnes V, Wang X, Getzen J, Ross BD. Cardiovascular magnetics resonance diagnosis of cystic tumor of the atrioventricular node. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2009 Apr 30; 11:13. PMID: 19405937.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Pruetz JD, Takahashi M, Reemtsen BL, Starnes VA. A novel surgical approach to left main coronary artery giant aneurysm thrombosis in a child with a history of Kawasaki disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Apr; 137(4):1030-2. PMID: 19327538.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Polimenakos AC, Reemtsen BL, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Right ventricular exclusion procedure with total cavopulmonary connection: an alternative operative approach in adults with severe Ebstein anomaly. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 May; 135(5):1182-3. PMID: 18455608.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Kanaan S, Baker C, Starnes V. Resection of giant coronary artery aneurysms in a Takayasu's arteritis patient. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 May; 85(5):1795-6. PMID: 18442592.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Baker CJ, Boulom V, Reemtsen BL, Rollins RC, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Hemidiaphragm plication after repair of congenital heart defects in children: quantitative return of diaphragm function over time. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Jan; 135(1):56-61. PMID: 18179919.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Reemtsen BL, Polimenakos AC, Fagan BT, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Fate of the right ventricle after fenestrated right ventricular exclusion for severe neonatal Ebstein anomaly. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Dec; 134(6):1406-10; discussion 1410-2. PMID: 18023652.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Reemtsen BL, Pike NA, Starnes VA. Stage I palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome: Norwood versus Sano modification. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2007 Mar; 22(2):60-5. PMID: 17284981.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Zahorsky-Reeves JL, Kearns-Jonker MK, Lam TT, Jackson JR, Morris RE, Starnes VA, Cramer DV. The xenoantibody response and immunoglobulin gene expression profile of cynomolgus monkeys transplanted with hDAF-transgenic porcine hearts. Xenotransplantation. 2007 Mar; 14(2):135-44. PMID: 17381688.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Lam TT, Reemtsen BL, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. A novel approach to the surgical correction of scimitar syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Feb; 133(2):573-4. PMID: 17258607.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Mitsuhashi N, Wu GD, Zhu H, Kearns-Jonker M, Cramer DV, Starnes VA, Barr ML. Rat chemokine CXCL11: structure, tissue distribution, function and expression in cardiac transplantation models. Mol Cell Biochem. 2007 Feb; 296(1-2):1-9. PMID: 17264982.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Reemtsen BL, Fagan BT, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Current surgical therapy for Ebstein anomaly in neonates. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Dec; 132(6):1285-90. PMID: 17140943.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Backhus LM, Sievers E, Lin GY, Castanos R, Bart RD, Starnes VA, Bremner RM. Perioperative cyclooxygenase 2 inhibition to reduce tumor cell adhesion and metastatic potential of circulating tumor cells in non-small cell lung cancer. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Aug; 132(2):297-303. PMID: 16872953.
      View in: PubMed
    64. del Castillo SL, Moromisato DY, Dorey F, Ludwick J, Starnes VA, Wells WJ, Jeffries HE, Wong PC. Mesenteric blood flow velocities in the newborn with single-ventricle physiology: modified Blalock-Taussig shunt versus right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Mar; 7(2):132-7. PMID: 16474253.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Jeffries HE, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Wetzel RC, Moromisato DY. Gastrointestinal morbidity after Norwood palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Mar; 81(3):982-7. PMID: 16488706.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Mitsuhashi N, Fischer-Lougheed J, Shulkin I, Kleihauer A, Kohn DB, Weinberg KI, Starnes VA, Kearns-Jonker M. Tolerance induction by lentiviral gene therapy with a nonmyeloablative regimen. Blood. 2006 Mar 15; 107(6):2286-93. PMID: 16291598.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Watanabe M, Mencel RL, Cramer DV, Starnes VA, Barr ML. Transforming growth factor-beta/interleukin-2-induced regulatory CD4+ T cells prolong cardiac allograft survival in rats. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005 Dec; 24(12):2153-9. PMID: 16364865.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Baker CJ, Wells WJ, Derby CA, Rizi S, Starnes VA. Ascending aortic extension for enlargement of the aortopulmonary space in children with pulmonary artery stenosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Nov; 80(5):1647-51. PMID: 16242432.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Nigro JJ, Bart RD, Derby CD, Sklansky MS, Starnes VA. Proximal conduit obstruction after Sano modified Norwood procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Nov; 80(5):1924-8. PMID: 16242490.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Bowdish ME, Starnes VA. Living donor lobar lung transplantation: current status and future directions. Transplant Proc. 2005 Nov; 37(9):3983-6. PMID: 16386604.
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    71. Backhus LM, Petasis NA, Uddin J, Schönthal AH, Bart RD, Lin Y, Starnes VA, Bremner RM. Dimethyl celecoxib as a novel non-cyclooxygenase 2 therapy in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Nov; 130(5):1406-12. PMID: 16256796.
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    72. Backhus LM, Sievers EM, Schenkel FA, Barr ML, Cohen RG, Smith MA, Starnes VA, Bremner RM. Pleural space problems after living lobar transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2005 Dec; 24(12):2086-90. PMID: 16364854.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Kleihauer A, Gregory CR, Borie DC, Kyles AE, Shulkin I, Patanwala I, Zahorsky-Reeves J, Starnes VA, Mullen Y, Todorov IT, Kearns-Jonker M. Identification of the V genes encoding xenoantibodies in non-immunosuppressed rhesus monkeys. Immunology. 2005 Sep; 116(1):89-102. PMID: 16108821.
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    74. Wells WJ, Yu RJ, Batra AS, Monforte H, Sintek C, Starnes VA. Obstruction in modified Blalock shunts: a quantitative analysis with clinical correlation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Jun; 79(6):2072-6. PMID: 15919312.
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    75. Sievers EM, Bart RD, Backhus LM, Lin Y, Starnes M, Castanos R, Starnes VA, Bremner RM. Evaluation of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition in an orthotopic murine model of lung cancer for dose-dependent effect. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Jun; 129(6):1242-9. PMID: 15942563.
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    76. Nifong LW, Chitwood WR, Pappas PS, Smith CR, Argenziano M, Starnes VA, Shah PM. Robotic mitral valve surgery: a United States multicenter trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Jun; 129(6):1395-404. PMID: 15942584.
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    77. Starnes VA. Presidential address: an evolving discipline. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Mar; 129(3):483-7. PMID: 15746727.
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    78. Batra AS, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Does the site of insertion of a systemic-pulmonary shunt influence growth of the pulmonary arteries? Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Feb; 79(2):636-40. PMID: 15680850.
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    79. Bowdish ME, Pessotto R, Barbers RG, Schenkel FA, Starnes VA, Barr ML. Long-term pulmonary function after living-donor lobar lung transplantation in adults. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Feb; 79(2):418-25. PMID: 15680807.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Khwaja S, Nigro JJ, Starnes VA. The Ross procedure is an ideal aortic valve replacement operation for the teen patient. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2005; 173-5. PMID: 15818374.
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    81. Hoffman JA, Weinberg KI, Azen CG, Horn MV, Dukes L, Starnes VA, Woo MS. Human leukocyte antigen-DR expression on peripheral blood monocytes and the risk of pneumonia in pediatric lung transplant recipients. Transpl Infect Dis. 2004 Dec; 6(4):147-55. PMID: 15762932.
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    82. Koulouri S, Woo MS, Horn MV, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Szmuszkovicz JR. Previous thoracic surgery does not increase peri-operative mortality in pediatric heart-lung transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2004 Nov; 23(11):1228-30. PMID: 15539119.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Bowdish ME, Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Woo MS, Bremner RM, Horn MV, Baker CJ, Barbers RG, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. A decade of living lobar lung transplantation: perioperative complications after 253 donor lobectomies. Am J Transplant. 2004 Aug; 4(8):1283-8. PMID: 15268729.
      View in: PubMed
    84. Kearns-Jonker M, Fischer-Lougheed J, Shulkin I, Kleihauer A, Mitsuhashi N, Kohn DB, Weinberg K, D'Apice AJ, Starnes VA, Cramer DV. Use of lentiviral vectors to induce long-term tolerance to gal(+) heart grafts. Transplantation. 2004 Jun 15; 77(11):1748-54. PMID: 15201677.
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    85. Gupta A, Daggett C, Behera S, Ferraro M, Wells W, Starnes V. Risk factors for persistent pleural effusions after the extracardiac Fontan procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jun; 127(6):1664-9. PMID: 15173721.
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    86. Mitsuhashi N, Kearns-Jonker M, Wu GD, Bowdish ME, Jin YS, Mencel R, Zahorsky-Reeves J, Fischer-Lougheed J, Weinberg KI, Starnes VA, Cramer DV. Identification, functional analysis and expression in a heterotopic heart transplant model of CXCL9 in the rat. Immunology. 2004 May; 112(1):87-93. PMID: 15096188.
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    87. Nigro JJ, Schwartz DS, Bart RD, Bart CW, Lopez BM, Cunningham MJ, Barr ML, Bremner RM, Haddy SM, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Neochordal repair of the posterior mitral leaflet. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Feb; 127(2):440-7. PMID: 14762353.
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    88. Starnes VA, Bowdish ME, Woo MS, Barbers RG, Schenkel FA, Horn MV, Pessotto R, Sievers EM, Baker CJ, Cohen RG, Bremner RM, Wells WJ, Barr ML. A decade of living lobar lung transplantation: recipient outcomes. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jan; 127(1):114-22. PMID: 14752421.
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    89. Thompson JL, Ryan JA, Barr ML, Franc B, Starnes VA, Schwarz MA. Potential role for antiangiogenic proteins in the myocardial infarction repair process. J Surg Res. 2004 Jan; 116(1):156-64. PMID: 14732363.
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    90. Haddy S, Starnes VA. Lobar transplantation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Dec; 126(6):2106; author reply 2106. PMID: 14688743.
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    91. Ner Z, Ross LA, Horn MV, Keens TG, MacLaughlin EF, Starnes VA, Woo MS. Bordetella bronchiseptica infection in pediatric lung transplant recipients. Pediatr Transplant. 2003 Oct; 7(5):413-7. PMID: 14738306.
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    92. Diperna CA, Bart RD, Sievers EM, Ma Y, Starnes VA, Bremner RM. Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition decreases primary and metastatic tumor burden in a murine model of orthotopic lung adenocarcinoma. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Oct; 126(4):1129-33. PMID: 14566258.
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    93. Wu GD, Tuan TL, Bowdish ME, Jin YS, Starnes VA, Cramer DV, Barr ML. Evidence for recipient derived fibroblast recruitment and activation during the development of chronic cardiac allograft rejection. Transplantation. 2003 Aug 15; 76(3):609-14. PMID: 12923453.
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    94. Bowdish ME, Barr ML, Starnes VA. Living lobar transplantation. Chest Surg Clin N Am. 2003 Aug; 13(3):505-24. PMID: 13678310.
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    95. Sritippayawan S, Keens TG, Horn MV, Starnes VA, Woo MS. What are the best pulmonary function test parameters for early detection of post-lung transplant bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in children? Pediatr Transplant. 2003 Jun; 7(3):200-3. PMID: 12756044.
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    96. Wu GD, Nolta JA, Jin YS, Barr ML, Yu H, Starnes VA, Cramer DV. Migration of mesenchymal stem cells to heart allografts during chronic rejection. Transplantation. 2003 Mar 15; 75(5):679-85. PMID: 12640309.
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    97. Sritippayawan S, Keens TG, Horn MV, MacLaughlin EF, Barr ML, Starnes VA, Woo MS. Does lung growth occur when mature lobes are transplanted into children? Pediatr Transplant. 2002 Dec; 6(6):500-4. PMID: 12453203.
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    98. Haddy SM, Bremner RM, Moore-Jefferies EW, Thangathurai D, Schenkel FA, Barr ML, Starnes VA. Hyperinflation resulting in hemodynamic collapse following living donor lobar transplantation. Anesthesiology. 2002 Nov; 97(5):1315-7. PMID: 12411823.
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    99. Wu GD, Jin YS, Salazar R, Dai WD, Barteneva N, Barr ML, Barsky LW, Starnes VA, Cramer DV. Vascular endothelial cell apoptosis induced by anti-donor non-MHC antibodies: a possible injury pathway contributing to chronic allograft rejection. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2002 Nov; 21(11):1174-87. PMID: 12431491.
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    100. Wells WJ, Arroyo H, Bremner RM, Wood J, Starnes VA. Homograft conduit failure in infants is not due to somatic outgrowth. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002 Jul; 124(1):88-96. PMID: 12091813.
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    101. Horn MV, Schenkel FA, Woo MS, Starnes VA. Pediatric recipients of living donor lobar lung transplants: postoperative care. Prog Transplant. 2002 Jun; 12(2):81-5. PMID: 12123177.
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    102. Hamutcu R, Rowland JM, Horn MV, Kaminsky C, MacLaughlin EF, Starnes VA, Woo MS. Clinical findings and lung pathology in children with cystic fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002 Apr 15; 165(8):1172-5. PMID: 11956063.
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    103. Terramani TT, Hood DB, Rowe VL, Peyre C, Nuno IN, Katz SG, Kohl RD, Starnes VA, Weaver FA. The utility of preoperative routine carotid artery duplex scanning in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement. Ann Vasc Surg. 2002 Mar; 16(2):163-7. PMID: 11972246.
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    104. Nigro JJ, Bremner RM, Fuller CB, Theisen J, Ma Y, Starnes VA. Perforating Barrett's ulcer resulting in a life-threatening esophagobronchial fistula. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002 Jan; 73(1):302-4. PMID: 11834036.
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    105. Malas MB, Barr ML, Starnes VA, Shapiro S, Palmer S, Schwartz DS. Dyspnea lusoria: compression of the pulmonary artery by a Kommerell's diverticulum. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002 Jan; 73(1):312-3. PMID: 11834041.
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    106. Bremner RM, Woo MS, Arroyo H, Nigro JJ, Horn MV, Wells WJ, Barr M, Starnes VA. The effect of pleural adhesions on pediatric cystic fibrosis patients undergoing lung transplantation. Am Surg. 2001 Dec; 67(12):1136-9. PMID: 11768816.
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    107. Wu GD, Gochi E, Jin YS, Swensson J, Starnes VA, Cramer DV. Maturation of xenoantibody gene expression during the humoral immune response of rats to hamster xenografts. Xenotransplantation. 2001 Nov; 8(4):291-302. PMID: 11737855.
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    108. Barr ML, Baker CJ, Schenkel FA, Bowdish ME, Bremner RM, Cohen RG, Barbers RG, Woo MS, Horn MV, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Living donor lung transplantation: selection, technique, and outcome. Transplant Proc. 2001 Nov-Dec; 33(7-8):3527-32. PMID: 11750504.
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    109. Schwartz DS, Bremner RM, Baker CJ, Uppal KM, Barr ML, Cohen RG, Starnes VA. Regional topical hypothermia of the beating heart: preservation of function and tissue. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 Sep; 72(3):804-9. PMID: 11565662.
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    110. Yu H, Wang Y, Eton D, Rowe VL, Terramani TT, Cramer DV, Starnes VA, Weaver FA. Dual cell seeding and the use of zymogen tissue plasminogen activator to improve cell retention on polytetrafluoroethylene grafts. J Vasc Surg. 2001 Aug; 34(2):337-43. PMID: 11496288.
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    111. Nozawa S, Xing PX, Wu GD, Gochi E, Kearns-Jonker M, Swensson J, Starnes VA, Sandrin MS, McKenzie IF, Cramer DV. Characteristics of immunoglobulin gene usage of the xenoantibody binding to gal-alpha(1,3)gal target antigens in the gal knockout mouse. Transplantation. 2001 Jul 15; 72(1):147-55. PMID: 11468550.
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    112. Baker CJ, Quardt SM, Kim JD, Darbinian SH, Starnes VA, Barr ML. A novel paracorporeal method for isolated rodent lung reperfusion. Transplantation. 2001 May 15; 71(9):1244-8. PMID: 11397957.
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    113. Woo MS, MacLaughlin EF, Horn MV, Szmuszkovicz JR, Barr ML, Starnes VA. Bronchiolitis obliterans is not the primary cause of death in pediatric living donor lobar lung transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2001 May; 20(5):491-6. PMID: 11343974.
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    114. Pessotto R, Wells WJ, Baker CJ, Luna C, Starnes VA. Midterm results of the Ross procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 May; 71(5 Suppl):S336-9. PMID: 11388218.
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    115. Starnes VA, Barr ML, Webster JA. Building a clinical cardiothoracic surgical program: a multi-institutional model. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2001 Apr; 121(4 Suppl):S8-11. PMID: 11279438.
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    116. Cohen RG, Starnes VA. Living donor lung transplantation. World J Surg. 2001 Feb; 25(2):244-50. PMID: 11338028.
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    117. Durst CL, Horn MV, MacLaughlin EF, Bowman CM, Starnes VA, Woo MS. Psychosocial responses of adolescent cystic fibrosis patients to lung transplantation. Pediatr Transplant. 2001 Feb; 5(1):27-31. PMID: 11260485.
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    118. Nuño IN, Kang TY, Arroyo H, Starnes VA. Synchronous cardiac myxoma and colorectal cancer: a case report. Tex Heart Inst J. 2001; 28(3):215-7. PMID: 11678259.
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    119. Abecassis M, Adams M, Adams P, Arnold RM, Atkins CR, Barr ML, Bennett WM, Bia M, Briscoe DM, Burdick J, Corry RJ, Davis J, Delmonico FL, Gaston RS, Harmon W, Jacobs CL, Kahn J, Leichtman A, Miller C, Moss D, Newmann JM, Rosen LS, Siminoff L, Spital A, Starnes VA, Thomas C, Tyler LS, Williams L, Wright FH, Youngner S. Consensus statement on the live organ donor. JAMA. 2000 Dec 13; 284(22):2919-26. PMID: 11187711.
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    120. Uppal KM, Nuño IN, Schwartz DS, Ashton KA, Starnes VA. Isolated right ventricular outflow tract mass presenting as hemoptysis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Dec; 70(6):2158-9. PMID: 11156146.
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    121. Salem MM, Starnes VA, Wells WJ, Acherman RJ, Chang RK, Luciani GB, Wong PC. Predictors of left ventricular outflow obstruction following single-stage repair of interrupted aortic arch and ventricular septal defect. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Nov 01; 86(9):1044-7, A11. PMID: 11053727.
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    122. Kim JD, Baker CJ, Danto SI, Starnes VA, Barr ML. Modulation of pulmonary NA+ pump gene expression during cold storage and reperfusion. Transplantation. 2000 Oct 15; 70(7):1016-20. PMID: 11045636.
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    123. Kim JD, Baker CJ, Roberts RF, Darbinian SH, Marcus KA, Quardt SM, Starnes VA, Barr ML. Platelet activating factor acetylhydrolase decreases lung reperfusion injury. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 Aug; 70(2):423-8. PMID: 10969656.
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    124. Schwarz MA, Zhang F, Gebb S, Starnes V, Warburton D. Endothelial monocyte activating polypeptide II inhibits lung neovascularization and airway epithelial morphogenesis. Mech Dev. 2000 Jul; 95(1-2):123-32. PMID: 10906456.
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    125. Schwarz MA, Zhang F, Lane JE, Schachtner S, Jin Y, Deutsch G, Starnes V, Pitt BR. Angiogenesis and morphogenesis of murine fetal distal lung in an allograft model. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2000 May; 278(5):L1000-7. PMID: 10781431.
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    126. Barr ML, Baker CJ, Schenkel FA, McLaughlin SN, Stouch BC, Starnes VA, Rose EA. Prophylactic photopheresis and chronic rejection: effects on graft intimal hyperplasia in cardiac transplantation. Clin Transplant. 2000 Apr; 14(2):162-6. PMID: 10770423.
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    127. Kawano H, Do YS, Kawano Y, Starnes V, Barr M, Law RE, Hsueh WA. Angiotensin II has multiple profibrotic effects in human cardiac fibroblasts. Circulation. 2000 Mar 14; 101(10):1130-7. PMID: 10715259.
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    128. Starnes VA, Woo MS, MacLaughlin EF, Horn MV, Wong PC, Rowland JM, Durst CL, Wells WJ, Barr ML. Comparison of outcomes between living donor and cadaveric lung transplantation in children. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999 Dec; 68(6):2279-83; discussion 2283-4. PMID: 10617017.
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    129. Kearns-Jonker M, Swensson J, Ghiuzeli C, Chu W, Osame Y, Starnes V, Cramer DV. The human antibody response to porcine xenoantigens is encoded by IGHV3-11 and IGHV3-74 IgVH germline progenitors. J Immunol. 1999 Oct 15; 163(8):4399-412. PMID: 10510381.
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    130. Khongphatthanayothin A, Wong PC, Samara Y, Newth CJ, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Chang AC. Impact of respiratory syncytial virus infection on surgery for congenital heart disease: postoperative course and outcome. Crit Care Med. 1999 Sep; 27(9):1974-81. PMID: 10507627.
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    131. Nuño IN, Ashton KA, Uppal KM, Lee PW, Starnes VA. Indwelling catheter-induced right ventricular rupture. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999 Sep; 68(3):1085-6. PMID: 10510022.
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    132. Baker CJ, Longoria J, Gade PV, Starnes VA, Barr ML. Addition of a water-soluble alpha-tocopherol analogue to University of Wisconsin solution improves endothelial viability and decreases lung reperfusion injury. J Surg Res. 1999 Sep; 86(1):145-9. PMID: 10452881.
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    133. Longoria J, Roberts RF, Marboe CC, Stouch BC, Starnes VA, Barr ML. Sirolimus (rapamycin) potentiates cyclosporine in prevention of acute lung rejection. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1999 Apr; 117(4):714-8. PMID: 10096966.
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    134. Wu L, Chen P, Hwang JJ, Barsky LW, Weinberg KI, Jong A, Starnes VA. RNA antisense abrogation of MAT1 induces G1 phase arrest and triggers apoptosis in aortic smooth muscle cells. J Biol Chem. 1999 Feb 26; 274(9):5564-72. PMID: 10026172.
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    135. Schwarz M, Lee M, Zhang F, Zhao J, Jin Y, Smith S, Bhuva J, Stern D, Warburton D, Starnes V. EMAP II: a modulator of neovascularization in the developing lung. Am J Physiol. 1999 02; 276(2):L365-75. PMID: 9950900.
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    136. Roberts RF, Nishanian GP, Carey JN, Sakamaki Y, Starnes VA, Barr ML. A comparison of the new preservation solution Celsior to Euro-Collins and University of Wisconsin solutions in lung reperfusion injury. Transplantation. 1999 Jan 15; 67(1):152-5. PMID: 9921812.
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    137. Haddy SM, Moore-Jeffries E, Starnes VA. Aortic intramural hematoma presenting as angina. J Clin Anesth. 1998 Nov; 10(7):603-5. PMID: 9805703.
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    138. Terramani TT, Rowe VL, Hood DB, Eton D, Nuno IN, Yu H, Yellin AE, Starnes VA, Weaver FA. Combined carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass grafting in asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. Am Surg. 1998 Oct; 64(10):993-7. PMID: 9764710.
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    139. Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Cohen RG, Barbers RG, Fuller CB, Hagen JA, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Recipient and donor outcomes in living related and unrelated lobar transplantation. Transplant Proc. 1998 Aug; 30(5):2261-3. PMID: 9723463.
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    140. Woo MS, MacLaughlin EF, Horn MV, Wong PC, Rowland JM, Barr ML, Starnes VA. Living donor lobar lung transplantation: the pediatric experience. Pediatr Transplant. 1998 Aug; 2(3):185-90. PMID: 10084740.
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    141. Roberts RF, Nishanian GP, Carey JN, Darbinian SH, Kim JD, Sakamaki Y, Chang JY, Starnes VA, Barr ML. Addition of aprotinin to organ preservation solutions decreases lung reperfusion injury. Ann Thorac Surg. 1998 Jul; 66(1):225-30. PMID: 9692469.
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    142. DeAnda A, Cahill JL, Bernstein D, Starnes VA, Reitz BA. Elective transplant pneumonectomy. J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Apr; 33(4):655-6. PMID: 9574774.
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    143. Barr ML, Carey JN, Nishanian GP, Roberts RF, Sakamaki Y, Darbinian SH, Starnes VA. Addition of a mast cell stabilizing compound to organ preservation solutions decreases lung reperfusion injury. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998 Mar; 115(3):631-6; discussion 636-7. PMID: 9535451.
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    144. Luciani GB, Starnes VA. Pulmonary autograft after repair of interrupted aortic arch, ventricular septal defect, and subaortic stenosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998 Jan; 115(1):266-7. PMID: 9451087.
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    145. Hall FL, Gordon EM, Wu L, Zhu NL, Skotzko MJ, Starnes VA, Anderson WF. Targeting retroviral vectors to vascular lesions by genetic engineering of the MoMLV gp70 envelope protein. Hum Gene Ther. 1997 Dec 10; 8(18):2183-92. PMID: 9449372.
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    146. Starnes VA, Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Horn MV, Cohen RG, Hagen JA, Wells WJ. Experience with living-donor lobar transplantation for indications other than cystic fibrosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997 Dec; 114(6):917-21; discussion 921-2. PMID: 9434686.
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    147. Luciani GB, Nichani S, Chang AC, Wells WJ, Newth CJ, Starnes VA. Continuous versus intermittent furosemide infusion in critically ill infants after open heart operations. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Oct; 64(4):1133-9. PMID: 9354540.
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    148. Zhu NL, Wu L, Liu PX, Gordon EM, Anderson WF, Starnes VA, Hall FL. Downregulation of cyclin G1 expression by retrovirus-mediated antisense gene transfer inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and neointima formation. Circulation. 1997 Jul 15; 96(2):628-35. PMID: 9244236.
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    149. Luciani GB, Wells WJ, Khong A, Starnes VA. The clamshell incision for bilateral pulmonary artery reconstruction in tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997 Mar; 113(3):443-52. PMID: 9081088.
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    150. Iwata H, Barr ML, Cicciarelli JC, Iwaki Y, Schenkel FA, Fein H, Chan KM, Barbers RG, Starnes VA, Marboe CC. Living donor lobar lung transplants and HLA matching: a preliminary report. Transplant Proc. 1997 Feb-Mar; 29(1-2):1418-9. PMID: 9123362.
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    151. Luciani GB, Starnes VA. The clamshell approach for the surgical treatment of complex cardiopulmonary pathology in infants and children. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1997 Feb; 11(2):298-306. PMID: 9080159.
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    152. Barr ML, Nishanian GP, Sakamaki Y, Carey JN, Chang J, Starnes VA. A new organ preservation solution, Celsior, is superior to Euro-Collins and University of Wisconsin solutions in decreasing lung reperfusion injury. Transplant Proc. 1997 Feb-Mar; 29(1-2):1357-8. PMID: 9123338.
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    153. Starnes VA, Barr ML, Cohen RG, Hagen JA, Wells WJ, Horn MV, Schenkel FA. Living-donor lobar lung transplantation experience: intermediate results. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Nov; 112(5):1284-90; discussion 1290-1. PMID: 8911325.
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    154. Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Cohen RG, Chan KM, Marboe CC, Hagen JA, Barbers RG, Starnes VA. Bilateral lobar transplantation utilizing living related donors. Artif Organs. 1996 Oct; 20(10):1110-1. PMID: 8896729.
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    155. Cohen RG, Shely WW, Thompson SE, Hagen JA, Marboe CC, DeMeester TR, Starnes VA. Talc pleurodesis: talc slurry versus thoracoscopic talc insufflation in a porcine model. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Oct; 62(4):1000-2; discussion 1003-4. PMID: 8823079.
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    156. Luciani GB, Starnes VA. Clamshell for pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and aortopulmonary collaterals. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Oct; 62(4):1247-8. PMID: 8823139.
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    157. Starnes VA, Luciani GB, Wells WJ, Allen RB, Lewis AB. Aortic root replacement with the pulmonary autograft in children with complex left heart obstruction. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Aug; 62(2):442-8; discussion 448-9. PMID: 8694603.
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    158. Watson TJ, Starnes VA. Pediatric lobar lung transplantation. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Jul; 8(3):313-25. PMID: 8843524.
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    159. Tsai P, Peters J, Johnson W, Cohen R, Starnes V. Laparoscopic fundoplication 1 month prior to lung transplantation. Surg Endosc. 1996 Jun; 10(6):668-70. PMID: 8662411.
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    160. Shapiro BJ, Chan KM, Barbers RG, Starnes VA. Whole-lung vs lobe transplantation for adults. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Apr 22; 156(8):908. PMID: 8774210.
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    161. Wells WJ, Prendergast TW, Berdjis F, Brandl D, Lange PE, Hetzer R, Starnes VA. Repair of coarctation of the aorta in adults: the fate of systolic hypertension. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Apr; 61(4):1168-71. PMID: 8607677.
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    162. Luciani GB, Chang AC, Starnes VA. Surgical repair of transposition of the great arteries in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Mar; 61(3):800-5. PMID: 8619696.
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    163. Luciani GB, Ackerman RJ, Chang AC, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. One-stage repair of interrupted aortic arch, ventricular septal defect, and subaortic obstruction in the neonate: a novel approach. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Feb; 111(2):348-58. PMID: 8583808.
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    164. Prendergast TW, Ortega AE, Starnes VA, Klein TM, Barr ML. Safe application of diagnostic laparoscopy during biventricular assistance. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Feb; 61(2):735-7. PMID: 8572806.
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    165. Berdjis F, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Truncus arteriosus with total anomalous pulmonary venous return and interrupted arch. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Jan; 61(1):220-2. PMID: 8561563.
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    166. Luciani GB, Swilley S, Starnes VA. Pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum, and major aortopulmonary collaterals: morphogenetic and surgical implications. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1995 Sep; 110(3):853-4. PMID: 7564456.
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    167. Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Cohen RG, Chan KM, Barbers RG, Marboe CC, Starnes VA. Living-related lobar transplantation: recipient outcome and early rejection patterns. Transplant Proc. 1995 Jun; 27(3):1995-6. PMID: 7792863.
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    168. Marcus B, Atkinson JB, Wong PC, Chang AC, Wells WJ, Lindesmith GG, Starnes VA. Successful use of transesophageal echocardiography during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in infants after cardiac operations. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1995 May; 109(5):846-8. PMID: 7739242.
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    169. Peterson KL, DeCampli WM, Feeley TW, Starnes VA. Blood loss and transfusion requirements in cystic fibrosis patients undergoing heart-lung or lung transplantation. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1995 Feb; 9(1):59-62. PMID: 7536482.
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    170. Whitehead BF, Stoehr C, Finkle C, Patterson G, Theodore J, Clayberger C, Starnes VA. Analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage from human lung transplant recipients by flow cytometry. Respir Med. 1995 Jan; 89(1):27-34. PMID: 7708976.
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    171. Van Meurs KP, Rhine WD, Benitz WE, Shochat SJ, Hartman GE, Sheehan AM, Starnes VA. Lobar lung transplantation as a treatment for congenital diaphragmatic hernia. J Pediatr Surg. 1994 Dec; 29(12):1557-60. PMID: 7877027.
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    172. Sarris GE, Smith JA, Bernstein D, Griffin ML, Pitlick PT, Baum D, Billingham ME, Oyer PE, Stinson EB, Starnes VA. Pediatric cardiac transplantation. The Stanford experience. Circulation. 1994 Nov; 90(5 Pt 2):II51-5. PMID: 7955282.
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    173. Kitamura M, Hoyt HG, Starnes VA, Billingham ME, Koyanagi H. [Intrathoracic half-working heart and lung transplantation in the rat]. Kyobu Geka. 1994 Sep; 47(10):809-11. PMID: 7933736.
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    174. Wu CJ, Kurbegov D, Lattin B, Burchard E, Finkle C, Valantine H, Billingham ME, Starnes VA, Clayberger C. Cytokine gene expression in human cardiac allograft recipients. Transpl Immunol. 1994 Sep; 2(3):199-207. PMID: 8000848.
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    175. Starnes VA, Barr ML, Cohen RG. Lobar transplantation. Indications, technique, and outcome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1994 Sep; 108(3):403-10; discussion 410-1. PMID: 8078333.
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    176. Marcus B, Wong PC, Wells WJ, Lindesmith GG, Starnes VA. Transesophageal echocardiography in the postoperative child with an open sternum. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Jul; 58(1):235-6. PMID: 8037535.
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    177. Starnes VA, Luciani GB, Latter DA, Griffin ML. Current surgical management of tetralogy of Fallot. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Jul; 58(1):211-5. PMID: 8037527.
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    178. Cohen RG, Barr ML, Schenkel FA, DeMeester TR, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Living-related donor lobectomy for bilateral lobar transplantation in patients with cystic fibrosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Jun; 57(6):1423-7; discussion 1428. PMID: 8010783.
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    179. Wells WJ, Fox AH, Theodore PR, Ross LA, Stanley P, Starnes VA. Aspergillosis of the posterior mediastinum. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 May; 57(5):1240-3. PMID: 8179392.
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    180. Kramer MR, Valantine HA, Marshall SE, Starnes VA, Theodore J. Recovery of the right ventricle after single-lung transplantation in pulmonary hypertension. Am J Cardiol. 1994 Mar 01; 73(7):494-500. PMID: 8141091.
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    181. Kitamura M, Starnes VA, Tagusari O, Akimoto T, Koyanagi H. Segmental flow-resistance relationship in pulmonary lobar transplantation: possibility for donor lobe evaluation in pediatric lung transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1994 Mar-Apr; 13(2):319-24. PMID: 8031816.
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    182. Bernstein D, Baum D, Berry G, Dahl G, Weiss L, Starnes VA, Gamberg P, Stinson EB. Neoplastic disorders after pediatric heart transplantation. Circulation. 1993 Nov; 88(5 Pt 2):II230-7. PMID: 8222159.
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    183. Cohen RG, Barr ML, Starnes VA. Pediatric lung transplantation. Semin Pediatr Surg. 1993 Nov; 2(4):279-88. PMID: 8062048.
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    184. Whitehead BF, Stoehr C, Wu CJ, Patterson G, Burchard EG, Theodore J, Clayberger C, Starnes VA. Cytokine gene expression in human lung transplant recipients. Transplantation. 1993 Oct; 56(4):956-61. PMID: 7692639.
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    185. Whitehead BF, Stoehr C, Finkle C, Patterson G, Theodore J, Clayberger C, Starnes VA. Distribution of TCR alpha beta+ and TCR gamma delta+ lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage from human lung transplant recipients. Transplantation. 1993 Oct; 56(4):1031-4. PMID: 8212186.
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    186. Kramer MR, Marshall SE, Starnes VA, Gamberg P, Amitai Z, Theodore J. Infectious complications in heart-lung transplantation. Analysis of 200 episodes. Arch Intern Med. 1993 Sep 13; 153(17):2010-6. PMID: 8357286.
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    187. Kedes L, Kloner RA, Starnes VA. Can a few good cells now mend a broken heart? J Clin Invest. 1993 Sep; 92(3):1115-6. PMID: 8376574.
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    188. Kramer MR, Stoehr C, Whang JL, Berry GJ, Sibley R, Marshall SE, Patterson GM, Starnes VA, Theodore J. The diagnosis of obliterative bronchiolitis after heart-lung and lung transplantation: low yield of transbronchial lung biopsy. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1993 Jul-Aug; 12(4):675-81. PMID: 8369329.
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    189. Sibley RK, Berry GJ, Tazelaar HD, Kraemer MR, Theodore J, Marshall SE, Billingham ME, Starnes VA. The role of transbronchial biopsies in the management of lung transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1993 Mar-Apr; 12(2):308-24. PMID: 8476904.
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    190. Moller F, Hoyt G, Farfan F, Starnes VA, Clayberger C. Cellular mechanisms underlying differential rejection of sequential heart and lung allografts in rats. Transplantation. 1993 Mar; 55(3):650-5. PMID: 8456486.
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    191. Kitamura M, Lackides GA, Billingham ME, Clayberger C, Starnes VA. Computer-assisted densitometric analysis for quantification of cell surface antigen expression in monkey cardiac allografts: correspondence to histopathologic grade of rejection. Transplant Proc. 1993 Feb; 25(1 Pt 2):924-7. PMID: 8442269.
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    192. Chen RH, Ivens KW, Alpert S, Billingham ME, Fathman CG, Flavin TF, Shizuru JA, Starnes VA, Weissman IL, Griffiths GM. The use of granzyme A as a marker of heart transplant rejection in cyclosporine or anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody-treated rats. Transplantation. 1993 Jan; 55(1):146-53. PMID: 8420039.
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    193. Starnes VA, Lewiston NJ, Luikart H, Theodore J, Stinson EB, Shumway NE. Current trends in lung transplantation. Lobar transplantation and expanded use of single lungs. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1992 Oct; 104(4):1060-5; discussion 1065-6. PMID: 1405664.
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    194. Lawrence EC, Theodore J, Starnes VA. Lung transplantation. West J Med. 1992 Aug; 157(2):173-4. PMID: 1441475.
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    195. Wittich GR, Kusnick CA, Starnes VA, Lucas DE. Communication between the two pleural cavities after major cardiothoracic surgery: relevance to percutaneous intervention. Radiology. 1992 Aug; 184(2):461-2. PMID: 1620848.
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    196. Wu CJ, Lovett M, Wong-Lee J, Moeller F, Kitamura M, Goralski TJ, Billingham ME, Starnes VA, Clayberger C. Cytokine gene expression in rejecting cardiac allografts. Transplantation. 1992 Aug; 54(2):326-32. PMID: 1496544.
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    197. Starnes VA, Griffin ML, Pitlick PT, Bernstein D, Baum D, Ivens K, Shumway NE. Current approach to hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Palliation, transplantation, or both? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1992 Jul; 104(1):189-94; discussion 194-5. PMID: 1377313.
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    198. Starnes VA, Lewiston N, Theodore J, Stoehr C, Stinson E, Shumway NE, Oyer PE. Cystic fibrosis. Target population for lung transplantation in North America in the 1990s. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1992 May; 103(5):1008-14. PMID: 1569753.
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    199. Merigan TC, Renlund DG, Keay S, Bristow MR, Starnes V, O'Connell JB, Resta S, Dunn D, Gamberg P, Ratkovec RM. A controlled trial of ganciclovir to prevent cytomegalovirus disease after heart transplantation. N Engl J Med. 1992 Apr 30; 326(18):1182-6. PMID: 1313549.
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    200. Bernstein D, Kolla S, Miner M, Pitlick P, Griffin M, Starnes V, Rowan R, Billingham M, Baum D. Cardiac growth after pediatric heart transplantation. Circulation. 1992 Apr; 85(4):1433-9. PMID: 1532543.
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    201. Lee BS, Sarnquist FH, Starnes VA. Anesthesia for bilateral single-lung transplantation. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1992 Apr; 6(2):201-3. PMID: 1568007.
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    202. Kitamura M, Berry GJ, Billingham ME, Hoyt EG, Gutierrez J, Clayberger C, Starnes VA. Assessment of cardiac allograft rejection with electrophysiology of the conduction system and histopathology of the ventricle. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1992 Mar-Apr; 11(2 Pt 1):280-8. PMID: 1576134.
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    203. Kramer MR, Stoehr C, Lewiston NJ, Starnes VA, Theodore J. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii infections in heart-lung and lung transplantation--how effective and for how long? Transplantation. 1992 Mar; 53(3):586-9. PMID: 1549851.
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    204. Starnes VA, Oyer PE, Bernstein D, Baum D, Gamberg P, Miller J, Shumway NE. Heart, heart-lung, and lung transplantation in the first year of life. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 Feb; 53(2):306-10. PMID: 1731673.
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    205. Burdon TA, Miller DC, Oyer PE, Mitchell RS, Stinson EB, Starnes VA, Shumway NE. Durability of porcine valves at fifteen years in a representative North American patient population. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1992 Feb; 103(2):238-51; discussion 251-2. PMID: 1735989.
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    206. Kells CM, Marshall S, Kramer M, Hunt SA, Theodore J, Valantine HA, Starnes VA. Cardiac function after domino-donor heart transplantation. Am J Cardiol. 1992 Jan 01; 69(1):113-6. PMID: 1729859.
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    207. McCarthy PM, Portner PM, Tobler HG, Starnes VA, Ramasamy N, Oyer PE. Clinical experience with the Novacor ventricular assist system. Bridge to transplantation and the transition to permanent application. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1991 Oct; 102(4):578-86; discussion 586-7. PMID: 1921434.
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    208. Bailey L, Kahan B, Nehlsen-Cannarella S, Sprent J, Starnes V, Yacoub M. Session V: The neonatal immune system: window of opportunity? J Heart Lung Transplant. 1991 Sep-Oct; 10(5 Pt 2):828-40. PMID: 1742295.
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    209. Allard M, Assaad A, Bailey L, Marcelletti C, Mavroudis C, Rose E, Starnes V, Vouhé P, Yacoub M, Cooley D. Session IV: Surgical techniques in pediatric heart transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1991 Sep-Oct; 10(5 Pt 2):808-27. PMID: 1742294.
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    210. Baum D, Bernstein D, Starnes VA, Oyer P, Pitlick P, Stinson E, Shumway N. Pediatric heart transplantation at Stanford: results of a 15-year experience. Pediatrics. 1991 Aug; 88(2):203-14. PMID: 1861916.
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    211. Duncan SR, Kagawa FT, Starnes VA, Theodore J. Hypercarbic ventilatory responses of human heart-lung transplant recipients. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991 Jul; 144(1):126-30. PMID: 1905889.
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    212. Duncan SR, Kagawa FT, Kramer MR, Starnes VA, Theodore J. Effects of pulmonary restriction on hypercapnic responses of heart-lung transplant recipients. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1991 Jul; 71(1):322-7. PMID: 1917757.
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    213. Starnes VA, Pitlick PT, Bernstein D, Griffin ML, Choy M, Shumway NE. Ebstein's anomaly appearing in the neonate. A new surgical approach. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1991 Jun; 101(6):1082-7. PMID: 2038202.
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    214. Lewiston N, Starnes V, Theodore J. Heart-lung and lung transplantation for cystic fibrosis. Clin Rev Allergy. 1991 Spring-Summer; 9(1-2):231-47. PMID: 1884326.
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    215. Harjula AL, Starnes VA. Present status of heart transplantation. Ann Med. 1991 Apr; 23(2):89-91. PMID: 2069797.
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    216. Starnes VA, Marshall SE, Lewiston NJ, Theodore J, Stinson EB, Shumway NE. Heart-lung transplantation in infants, children, and adolescents. J Pediatr Surg. 1991 Apr; 26(4):434-8. PMID: 2056404.
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    217. Kramer MR, Marshall SE, Tiroke A, Lewiston NJ, Starnes VA, Theodore J. Clinical significance of hyperbilirubinemia in patients with pulmonary hypertension undergoing heart-lung transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1991 Mar-Apr; 10(2):317-21. PMID: 2031931.
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    218. Starnes VA, Stinson EB, Oyer PE, Theodore J, Kramer MR, Marshall S, Shumway NE. Single lung transplantation: a new therapeutic option for patients with pulmonary hypertension. Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1209-10. PMID: 1989188.
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    219. Yeoh TK, Kramer MR, Marshall S, Theodore J, Gibbons R, Valantine HA, Starnes VA. Changes in cardiac morphology and function following single-lung transplantation. Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1226-7. PMID: 1989195.
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    220. Lewiston N, King V, Umetsu D, Starnes V, Marshall S, Kramer M, Theodore J. Cystic fibrosis patients who have undergone heart-lung transplantation benefit from maxillary sinus antrostomy and repeated sinus lavage. Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1207-8. PMID: 1899157.
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    221. Marshall SE, Lewiston NJ, Kramer MR, Sibley RK, Berry G, Rich JB, Theodore J, Starnes VA. Prospective analysis of serial pulmonary function studies and transbronchial biopsies in single-lung transplant recipients. Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1217-9. PMID: 1989192.
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    222. Flavin T, Ivens K, Rothlein R, Faanes R, Clayberger C, Billingham M, Starnes VA. Monoclonal antibodies against intercellular adhesion molecule 1 prolong cardiac allograft survival in cynomolgus monkeys. Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 1):533-4. PMID: 1671305.
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    223. Theodore J, Marshall S, Kramer M, Duncan S, Lewiston N, Starnes V. The "natural history" of the transplanted lung: rates of pulmonary functional change in long-term survivors of heart-lung transplantation. Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1165-6. PMID: 1989177.
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    224. Kramer MR, Marshall SE, McDougall IR, Kloneck A, Starnes VA, Lewiston NJ, Theodore J. The distribution of ventilation and perfusion after single-lung transplantation in patients with pulmonary fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension. Transplant Proc. 1991 Feb; 23(1 Pt 2):1215-6. PMID: 1989191.
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    225. Marshall SE, Kramer MR, Lewiston NJ, Starnes VA, Theodore J. Selection and evaluation of recipients for heart-lung and lung transplantation. Chest. 1990 Dec; 98(6):1488-94. PMID: 2245692.
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    226. Shizuru JA, Seydel KB, Flavin TF, Wu AP, Kong CC, Hoyt EG, Fujimoto N, Billingham ME, Starnes VA, Fathman CG. Induction of donor-specific unresponsiveness to cardiac allografts in rats by pretransplant anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody therapy. Transplantation. 1990 Sep; 50(3):366-73. PMID: 1976282.
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    227. Flavin T, Shizuru J, Seydel K, Wu A, Fujimoto N, Hoyt EG, Ivens K, Billingham M, Fathman CG, Starnes VA. Selective T-cell depletion with Ox-38 anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody prevents cardiac allograft rejection in rats. J Heart Transplant. 1990 Sep-Oct; 9(5):482-8. PMID: 1977898.
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    228. Novick RJ, Moreno-Cabral CE, Stinson EB, Oyer PE, Starnes VA, Hunt SA, Shumway NE. Nontuberculous mycobacterial infections in heart transplant recipients: a seventeen-year experience. J Heart Transplant. 1990 Jul-Aug; 9(4):357-63. PMID: 2398429.
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    229. Bergin CJ, Castellino RA, Blank N, Berry GJ, Sibley RK, Starnes VA. Acute lung rejection after heart-lung transplantation: correlation of findings on chest radiographs with lung biopsy results. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Jul; 155(1):23-7. PMID: 2112858.
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    230. Greene KA, Rhine WD, Starnes VA, Ariagno RL. Fatal postoperative Legionella pneumonia in a newborn. J Perinatol. 1990 Jun; 10(2):183-4. PMID: 2358903.
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    231. Theodore J, Starnes VA, Lewiston NJ. Obliterative bronchiolitis. Clin Chest Med. 1990 Jun; 11(2):309-21. PMID: 2189665.
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    232. Grattan MT, Moreno-Cabral CE, Starnes VA, Oyer PE, Stinson EB, Shumway NE. Eight-year results of cyclosporine-treated patients with cardiac transplants. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1990 Mar; 99(3):500-9. PMID: 2308368.
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    233. Starnes VA. Heart-lung transplantation: an overview. Cardiol Clin. 1990 Feb; 8(1):159-68. PMID: 2407357.
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    234. Bernstein D, Starnes VA, Baum D. Pediatric heart transplantation. Adv Pediatr. 1990; 37:413-39. PMID: 2264535.
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    235. McCarthy PM, Starnes VA, Theodore J, Stinson EB, Oyer PE, Shumway NE. Improved survival after heart-lung transplantation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1990 Jan; 99(1):54-9; discussion 59-60. PMID: 2294365.
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    236. Starnes VA, Theodore J, Oyer PE, Stinson EB, Moreno-Cabral CE, Sibley R, Barry G, Shumway NE. Pulmonary infiltrates after heart-lung transplantation: evaluation by serial transbronchial biopsies. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1989 Nov; 98(5 Pt 2):945-50. PMID: 2554070.
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    237. Starnes VA, Theodore J, Oyer PE, Billingham ME, Sibley RK, Berry G, Shumway NE, Stinson EB. Evaluation of heart-lung transplant recipients with prospective, serial transbronchial biopsies and pulmonary function studies. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1989 Nov; 98(5 Pt 1):683-90. PMID: 2554067.
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    238. Starnes VA, Oyer PE, Stinson EB, Dein JR, Shumway NE. Prophylactic OKT3 used as induction therapy for heart transplantation. Circulation. 1989 Nov; 80(5 Pt 2):III79-83. PMID: 2509108.
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    239. Dein JR, Oyer PE, Stinson EB, Starnes VA, Shumway NE. Cardiac retransplantation in the cyclosporine era. Ann Thorac Surg. 1989 Sep; 48(3):350-5. PMID: 2673087.
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    240. Grattan MT, Moreno-Cabral CE, Starnes VA, Oyer PE, Stinson EB, Shumway NE. Cytomegalovirus infection is associated with cardiac allograft rejection and atherosclerosis. JAMA. 1989 Jun 23-30; 261(24):3561-6. PMID: 2542633.
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    241. McCarthy PM, Starnes VA, Shumway NE. Heart and heart-lung transplantation: the Stanford experience. Clin Transpl. 1989; 63-71. PMID: 2487625.
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    242. Starnes VA, Bernstein D, Oyer PE, Gamberg PL, Miller JL, Baum D, Shumway NE. Heart transplantation in children. J Heart Transplant. 1989 Jan-Feb; 8(1):20-6. PMID: 2647927.
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    243. de Leval MR, Pozzi M, Starnes V, Sullivan ID, Stark J, Somerville J, Anderson RH, Deanfield JE. Surgical management of doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects. Circulation. 1988 Nov; 78(5 Pt 2):III40-6. PMID: 3180405.
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    244. Hagberg RC, Hoyt EG, Billingham ME, Sibley RK, Starnes VA, Baldwin JC. Comparison of cyclosporin A and G with and without azathioprine regarding immunosuppressive efficacy, toxicity, and pharmacokinetics in Lewis rats. J Heart Transplant. 1988 Sep-Oct; 7(5):359-69. PMID: 3058906.
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    245. Starnes VA, Oyer PE, Portner PM, Ramasamy N, Miller PJ, Stinson EB, Baldwin JC, Ream AK, Wyner J, Shumway NE. Isolated left ventricular assist as bridge to cardiac transplantation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1988 Jul; 96(1):62-71. PMID: 3290589.
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    246. Atkinson JB, Rybicka K, Huddleston CB, Starnes VA, Prager RL, Virmani R. The effect of verapamil cardioplegia on myocardial ultrastructure. Am J Cardiovasc Pathol. 1988; 2(1):69-77. PMID: 3207491.
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    247. Harjula A, Baldwin JC, Starnes VA, Stinson EB, Oyer PE, Jamieson SW, Shumway NE. Proper donor selection for heart-lung transplantation. The Stanford experience. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1987 Dec; 94(6):874-80. PMID: 3119947.
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    248. Baldwin JC, Oyer PE, Stinson EB, Starnes VA, Billingham ME, Shumway NE. Comparison of cardiac rejection in heart and heart-lung transplantation. J Heart Transplant. 1987 Nov-Dec; 6(6):352-6. PMID: 3121819.
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    249. Starnes VA, Stinson EB, Oyer PE, Valantine H, Baldwin JC, Hunt SA, Shumway NE. Cardiac transplantation in children and adolescents. Circulation. 1987 Nov; 76(5 Pt 2):V43-7. PMID: 3311454.
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    250. Baldwin JC, Frist WH, Starkey TD, Harjula A, Starnes VA, Stinson EB, Oyer PE, Shumway NE. Distant graft procurement for combined heart and lung transplantation using pulmonary artery flush and simple topical hypothermia for graft preservation. Ann Thorac Surg. 1987 Jun; 43(6):670-3. PMID: 3109339.
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    251. Starnes VA, Shumway NE. General surgery: heart and heart-lung transplantation. West J Med. 1987 Jun; 146(6):738. PMID: 18750274.
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    252. Smith BM, Starnes VA. Aortic and inferior vena cava resection for renal cell carcinoma invading an aberrant renal vein. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 1987 May-Jun; 28(3):282-5. PMID: 3584230.
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    253. Starnes VA, Shumway NE. Heart transplantation--Stanford experience. Clin Transpl. 1987; 7-11. PMID: 3154453.
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    254. Starnes VA, Brown ME, Baldwin JC. Donor management and organ procurement. Top Emerg Med. 1986 Oct; 8(3):65-70. PMID: 10278791.
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    255. Frist WH, Baldwin JC, Starnes VA, Stinson EB, Oyer PE, Miller DC, Jamieson SW, Mitchell RS, Shumway NE. A reconsideration of cerebral perfusion in aortic arch replacement. Ann Thorac Surg. 1986 Sep; 42(3):273-81. PMID: 3489444.
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    256. Lupinetti FM, Starnes VA, Laws KA, Collins JC, Hammon JW. Prostacyclin reduction of regional ischemic injury in the canine myocardium. J Surg Res. 1986 Aug; 41(2):146-57. PMID: 3531723.
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    257. Starnes VA, Jamieson SW. Current status of heart and lung transplantation. World J Surg. 1986 Jun; 10(3):442-9. PMID: 3088850.
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    258. Smith BM, Starnes VA, Maggart MA. Operative management of the kinked carotid artery. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1986 Jan; 162(1):70-2. PMID: 2933833.
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    259. Boucek RJ, Shelton M, Artman M, Mushlin PS, Starnes VA, Olson RD. Comparative effects of verapamil, nifedipine, and diltiazem on contractile function in the isolated immature and adult rabbit heart. Pediatr Res. 1984 Oct; 18(10):948-52. PMID: 6093034.
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    260. Scott HW, Neblett WW, O'Neill JA, Sawyers JL, Avant GS, Starnes VA. Longitudinal pancreaticojejunostomy in chronic relapsing pancreatitis with onset in childhood. Ann Surg. 1984 May; 199(5):610-22. PMID: 6721610.
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    261. Starnes VA, Adkins RB, Ballinger JF, Sawyers JL. Barrett's esophagus. A surgical entity. Arch Surg. 1984 May; 119(5):563-7. PMID: 6712469.
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    262. Laws KH, Clanton JA, Starnes VA, Lupinetti FM, Collins JC, Oates JA, Hammon JW. Kinetics and imaging of indium-11-labeled autologous platelets in experimental myocardial infarction. Circulation. 1983 Jan; 67(1):110-6. PMID: 6847789.
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    263. Starnes VA, Primm RK, Woosley RL, Oates JA, Hammon JW. Administration of prostacyclin prevents ventricular fibrillation following coronary occlusion in conscious dogs. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1982 Sep-Oct; 4(5):765-9. PMID: 6182407.
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    264. Starnes VA, Hammon JW, Lupinetti FM, Olson RD, Boucek RJ, Bender HW. Functional and metabolic preservation of the immature myocardium with verapamil following global ischemia. Ann Thorac Surg. 1982 Jul; 34(1):58-65. PMID: 7092401.
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    265. Starnes VA, Hammon JW. The influence of acute global ischemia on left ventricular compliance in the adult and immature dog. J Surg Res. 1981 Mar; 30(3):281-6. PMID: 7230777.
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