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Winfield John Wells, MD

Title(s)Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery
Phone+1 323 361 4148
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    Winfield J. Wells, M.D., is Associate Professor of Clinical Cardiothoracic Surgery and Associate Director of the Cardiothoracic Surgery Training Program. He earned his medical degree from USC, and completed his General and Cardiovascular Surgical Training at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center in New York. He came to Los Angeles in 1977 where he practiced at Childrens Hospital and the Good Samaritan Hospital as part of the teaching faculty for the Good Samaritan based residency-training program. In 1992, Dr. Wells joined Dr. Starnes to form the full-time Academic Cardiothoracic Surgical service at USC.

    The author of numerous peer-reviewed articles, Dr. Wells' major areas of research interest include congenital heart disease, thoracic transplantation in children, and cryopreserved allograft tissues in congenital heart repair. He is also interested in complex tracheal reconstruction in infants and children.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Wiggins LM, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar RS. Simultaneous Systemic to Pulmonary Shunt and Pulmonary Artery Banding is a Viable Option for Neonatal Palliation of Single Ventricle Physiology. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Summer; 31(2):234-241. PMID: 30278269.
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    2. Gray WH, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar SR. Arch Augmentation via Median Sternotomy for Coarctation of Aorta With Proximal Arch Hypoplasia. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 10; 106(4):1214-1219. PMID: 29753817.
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    3. Kumar SR, Scott N, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Liberal Use of Delayed Sternal Closure in Children Is Not Associated With Increased Morbidity. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 08; 106(2):581-586. PMID: 29698662.
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    4. Cleveland JD, Tran S, Takao C, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar SR. Need for Pulmonary Arterioplasty During Glenn Independently Predicts Inferior Surgical Outcome. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 07; 106(1):156-164. PMID: 29653081.
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    5. Kumar SR, Kung G, Noh N, Castillo N, Fagan B, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Single-Ventricle Outcomes After Neonatal Palliation of Severe Ebstein Anomaly With Modified Starnes Procedure. Circulation. 2016 Oct 25; 134(17):1257-1264. PMID: 27777295.
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    6. Kumar SR, Bansal N, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Outcomes of Reintervention on the Autograft After Ross Procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Nov; 102(5):1517-1521. PMID: 27345096.
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    7. Wells WJ, Kumar SR. Aortopulmonary collaterals: Angiogenesis, or a whole lot more? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Apr; 151(4):1135-6. PMID: 26621315.
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    8. Shashidharan S, Wells WJ, Detterich J, Wong J, Kumar SR. Giant Pseudoaneurysm of Reconstructed Right Ventricular Outflow Tract. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Aug; 100(2):734. PMID: 26234857.
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    9. Pike NA, Okuhara CA, Toyama J, Gross BP, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Reduced pleural drainage, length of stay, and readmissions using a modified Fontan management protocol. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Sep; 150(3):481-7. PMID: 26254747.
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    10. Bansal N, Kumar SR, Baker CJ, Lemus R, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Age-Related Outcomes of the Ross Procedure Over 20 Years. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jun; 99(6):2077-83; discussion 2084-5. PMID: 25921257.
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    11. Wiggins LM, Kumar SR, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Arterioplasty for Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction After Arterial Switch Is a Durable Procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jul; 100(1):122-7; discussion 127-8. PMID: 25921259.
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    12. Wells WJ. "The times they are a-changin'". J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Jan; 149(1):265-6. PMID: 25451495.
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    13. Wells WJ. Responsible innovation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Nov; 148(5):2225-6. PMID: 25444196.
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    14. Wells W. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Sep; 96(3):942. PMID: 23992692.
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    15. Papillon S, Goodhue CJ, Zmora O, Sharma SS, Wells WJ, Ford HR, Upperman JS, Wang KS, Bushman GA, Kim R, Pierce JR. Congenital heart disease and heterotaxy: upper gastrointestinal fluoroscopy can be misleading and surgery in an asymptomatic patient is not beneficial. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Jan; 48(1):164-9. PMID: 23331810.
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    16. Wells W. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Nov; 94(5):1617-8. PMID: 23098938.
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    17. Pasquali SK, Ohye RG, Lu M, Kaltman J, Caldarone CA, Pizarro C, Dunbar-Masterson C, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Kaza AK, Newburger J, Rhodes JF, Scheurer M, Silver E, Sleeper LA, Tabbutt S, Tweddell J, Uzark K, Wells W, Mahle WT, Pearson GD. Variation in perioperative care across centers for infants undergoing the Norwood procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Oct; 144(4):915-21. PMID: 22698562.
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    18. Kane LC, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. A novel reconstruction of the left superior vena cava. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Apr; 143(4):981-2. PMID: 22104680.
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    19. Nath DS, Nussbaum DP, Yurko C, Ragab OM, Shin AJ, Kumar SR, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Pulmonary homograft monocusp reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract: outcomes to the intermediate term. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jul; 90(1):42-9. PMID: 20609745.
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    20. del Castillo SL, McCulley ME, Khemani RG, Jeffries HE, Thomas DW, Peregrine J, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Moromisato DY. Reducing the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome with the introduction of an enteral feed protocol. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 May; 11(3):373-7. PMID: 19838139.
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    21. Nath DS, Shin AJ, Nussbaum DP, Berman D, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Ascending aortitis and aortic valve endocarditis in an infant. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Apr; 139(4):e90-1. PMID: 20304128.
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    22. Biniwale RM, Wells WJ, Herrington CS, Starnes VA. Obstruction of lateral tunnel fontan by an adjustable occluder device. J Card Surg. 2009 Nov-Dec; 24(6):750-2. PMID: 20078723.
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    23. Nath DS, Carden AJ, Nussbaum DP, Shin AJ, Khemani RG, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Can the Kawashima procedure be performed in younger patients? Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Aug; 88(2):581-6; discussion 586-7. PMID: 19632416.
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    24. Nath DS, Savla J, Khemani RG, Nussbaum DP, Greene CL, Wells WJ. Thoracic duct ligation for persistent chylothorax after pediatric cardiothoracic surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Jul; 88(1):246-51; discussion 251-2. PMID: 19559234.
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    25. Bar-Cohen Y, Takao CM, Wells WJ, Saxon LA, Cesario DA, Silka MJ. Novel use of a vascular plug to anchor an azygous vein ICD lead. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010 Jan; 21(1):99-102. PMID: 19549034.
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    26. McLean MK, Kung GC, Polimenakos A, Wells WJ, Reemtsen BL. Cor triatriatum associated with ASD and common atrium in 7-month-old with tachypnea and failure to thrive. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Dec; 86(6):1999. PMID: 19022036.
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    27. Tabbutt S, Nicolson SC, Dominguez TE, Wells W, Backer CL, Tweddell JS, Bokesch P, Schreiner M. Perioperative course in 118 infants and children undergoing coarctation repair via a thoracotomy: a prospective, multicenter experience. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Nov; 136(5):1229-36. PMID: 19026808.
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    28. Lodge AJ, Wells WJ, Backer CL, O'Brien JE, Austin EH, Bacha EA, Yeh T, Decampli WM, Lavin PT, Weinstein S. A novel bioresorbable film reduces postoperative adhesions after infant cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Aug; 86(2):614-21. PMID: 18640342.
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    29. Greene CL, Reemtsen B, Polimenakos A, Horn M, Wells W. Role of clinically indicated transbronchial lung biopsies in the management of pediatric post-lung transplant patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Jul; 86(1):198-203. PMID: 18573423.
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    30. Tabbutt S, Nicolson SC, Adamson PC, Zhang X, Hoffman ML, Wells W, Backer CL, McGowan FX, Tweddell JS, Bokesch P, Schreiner M. The safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of esmolol for blood pressure control immediately after repair of coarctation of the aorta in infants and children: a multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Aug; 136(2):321-8. PMID: 18692637.
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    31. Polimenakos AC, Reemtsen BL, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Right ventricular exclusion procedure with total cavopulmonary connection: an alternative operative approach in adults with severe Ebstein anomaly. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 May; 135(5):1182-3. PMID: 18455608.
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    32. Nath DS, Wells WJ, Reemtsen BL. Mechanical occlusion of the inferior vena cava: an unusual complication after repair of pectus excavatum using the nuss procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 May; 85(5):1796-8. PMID: 18442593.
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    33. Baker CJ, Boulom V, Reemtsen BL, Rollins RC, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Hemidiaphragm plication after repair of congenital heart defects in children: quantitative return of diaphragm function over time. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Jan; 135(1):56-61. PMID: 18179919.
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    34. Reemtsen BL, Polimenakos AC, Fagan BT, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Fate of the right ventricle after fenestrated right ventricular exclusion for severe neonatal Ebstein anomaly. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Dec; 134(6):1406-10; discussion 1410-2. PMID: 18023652.
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    35. Lam TT, Reemtsen BL, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. A novel approach to the surgical correction of scimitar syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Feb; 133(2):573-4. PMID: 17258607.
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    36. Reemtsen BL, Fagan BT, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Current surgical therapy for Ebstein anomaly in neonates. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Dec; 132(6):1285-90. PMID: 17140943.
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    37. del Castillo SL, Moromisato DY, Dorey F, Ludwick J, Starnes VA, Wells WJ, Jeffries HE, Wong PC. Mesenteric blood flow velocities in the newborn with single-ventricle physiology: modified Blalock-Taussig shunt versus right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Mar; 7(2):132-7. PMID: 16474253.
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    38. Jeffries HE, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Wetzel RC, Moromisato DY. Gastrointestinal morbidity after Norwood palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Mar; 81(3):982-7. PMID: 16488706.
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    39. Wells WJ, Barr ML. The ethics of living donor lung transplantation. Thorac Surg Clin. 2005 Nov; 15(4):519-25. PMID: 16276816.
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    40. Baker CJ, Wells WJ, Derby CA, Rizi S, Starnes VA. Ascending aortic extension for enlargement of the aortopulmonary space in children with pulmonary artery stenosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Nov; 80(5):1647-51. PMID: 16242432.
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    41. Kanaan S, Shamsuddin K, Silka M, Wells W. Right ventricular outflow tract resection for treatment of refractory ventricular tachycardia in a 2-year-old child. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Sep; 130(3):948-9. PMID: 16153981.
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    42. Wells WJ, Yu RJ, Batra AS, Monforte H, Sintek C, Starnes VA. Obstruction in modified Blalock shunts: a quantitative analysis with clinical correlation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Jun; 79(6):2072-6. PMID: 15919312.
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    43. Batra AS, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Does the site of insertion of a systemic-pulmonary shunt influence growth of the pulmonary arteries? Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Feb; 79(2):636-40. PMID: 15680850.
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    44. Gupta A, Daggett C, Ludwick J, Wells W, Lewis A. Ketorolac after congenital heart surgery: does it increase the risk of significant bleeding complications? Paediatr Anaesth. 2005 Feb; 15(2):139-42. PMID: 15675931.
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    45. Ley EJ, Roth JJ, Kim KA, Vincent WR, Muenchow SK, Wells WJ, Downey SE. Successful repair of ectopia cordis using alloplastic materials: 10-year follow-up. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 Nov; 114(6):1519-22. PMID: 15509942.
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    46. Koulouri S, Woo MS, Horn MV, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Szmuszkovicz JR. Previous thoracic surgery does not increase peri-operative mortality in pediatric heart-lung transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2004 Nov; 23(11):1228-30. PMID: 15539119.
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    47. Geller KA, Wells WJ, Koempel JA, St John MA. Use of the Palmaz stent in the treatment of severe tracheomalacia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2004 Aug; 113(8):641-7. PMID: 15330144.
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    48. Bowdish ME, Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Woo MS, Bremner RM, Horn MV, Baker CJ, Barbers RG, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. A decade of living lobar lung transplantation: perioperative complications after 253 donor lobectomies. Am J Transplant. 2004 Aug; 4(8):1283-8. PMID: 15268729.
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    49. Gupta A, Daggett C, Behera S, Ferraro M, Wells W, Starnes V. Risk factors for persistent pleural effusions after the extracardiac Fontan procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jun; 127(6):1664-9. PMID: 15173721.
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    50. Wells WJ, Hussain NS, Wood JC. Stenting of the mainstem bronchus in children: a word of caution. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Apr; 77(4):1420-2. PMID: 15063278.
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    51. Ashburn DA, Blackstone EH, Wells WJ, Jonas RA, Pigula FA, Manning PB, Lofland GK, Williams WG, McCrindle BW. Determinants of mortality and type of repair in neonates with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Apr; 127(4):1000-7; discussion 1007-8. PMID: 15052196.
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    52. Baker CJ, Nigro JJ, Daggett CW, Wells WJ. Needle embolism to the heart. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Mar; 77(3):1102. PMID: 15025106.
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    53. Nigro JJ, Schwartz DS, Bart RD, Bart CW, Lopez BM, Cunningham MJ, Barr ML, Bremner RM, Haddy SM, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Neochordal repair of the posterior mitral leaflet. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Feb; 127(2):440-7. PMID: 14762353.
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    54. Starnes VA, Bowdish ME, Woo MS, Barbers RG, Schenkel FA, Horn MV, Pessotto R, Sievers EM, Baker CJ, Cohen RG, Bremner RM, Wells WJ, Barr ML. A decade of living lobar lung transplantation: recipient outcomes. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jan; 127(1):114-22. PMID: 14752421.
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    55. Wells WJ, Batra AS. Management of phrenic nerve stimulation caused by epicardial pacemaker leads in children. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003 Nov; 76(5):1757-8. PMID: 14602340.
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    56. Wells W, Malas M, Baker CJ, Quardt SM, Barr ML. Depopulated vena caval homograft: a new venous conduit. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Aug; 126(2):498-503. PMID: 12928650.
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    57. Batra AS, Wells WJ, Hinoki KW, Stanton RA, Silka MJ. Late recovery of atrioventricular conduction after pacemaker implantation for complete heart block associated with surgery for congenital heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Jun; 125(6):1291-3. PMID: 12830046.
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    58. Sritippayawan S, Margetis MF, MacLaughlin EF, Achermann R, Wells WJ, Davidson Ward SL. Cor triatriatum: a cause of hemoptysis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2002 Nov; 34(5):405-8. PMID: 12357491.
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    59. Wells WJ, Arroyo H, Bremner RM, Wood J, Starnes VA. Homograft conduit failure in infants is not due to somatic outgrowth. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002 Jul; 124(1):88-96. PMID: 12091813.
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    60. Bremner RM, Woo MS, Arroyo H, Nigro JJ, Horn MV, Wells WJ, Barr M, Starnes VA. The effect of pleural adhesions on pediatric cystic fibrosis patients undergoing lung transplantation. Am Surg. 2001 Dec; 67(12):1136-9. PMID: 11768816.
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    61. Barr ML, Baker CJ, Schenkel FA, Bowdish ME, Bremner RM, Cohen RG, Barbers RG, Woo MS, Horn MV, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Living donor lung transplantation: selection, technique, and outcome. Transplant Proc. 2001 Nov-Dec; 33(7-8):3527-32. PMID: 11750504.
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    62. Pessotto R, Wells WJ, Baker CJ, Luna C, Starnes VA. Midterm results of the Ross procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 May; 71(5 Suppl):S336-9. PMID: 11388218.
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    63. Salem MM, Starnes VA, Wells WJ, Acherman RJ, Chang RK, Luciani GB, Wong PC. Predictors of left ventricular outflow obstruction following single-stage repair of interrupted aortic arch and ventricular septal defect. Am J Cardiol. 2000 Nov 01; 86(9):1044-7, A11. PMID: 11053727.
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    64. Wells WJ, Castro LJ. Arm ischemia after subclavian flap angioplasty: repair by carotid-subclavian bypass. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 May; 69(5):1574-6. PMID: 10881847.
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    65. Wells WJ, Blackstone E. Intermediate outcome after Mustard and Senning procedures: A study by the Congenital Heart Surgeons Society. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2000; 3:186-197. PMID: 11486197.
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    66. Starnes VA, Woo MS, MacLaughlin EF, Horn MV, Wong PC, Rowland JM, Durst CL, Wells WJ, Barr ML. Comparison of outcomes between living donor and cadaveric lung transplantation in children. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999 Dec; 68(6):2279-83; discussion 2283-4. PMID: 10617017.
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    67. Khongphatthanayothin A, Wong PC, Samara Y, Newth CJ, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Chang AC. Impact of respiratory syncytial virus infection on surgery for congenital heart disease: postoperative course and outcome. Crit Care Med. 1999 Sep; 27(9):1974-81. PMID: 10507627.
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    68. Wells WJ. And justice for whom? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1999 Feb; 117(2):211-9. PMID: 9918959.
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    69. Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Cohen RG, Barbers RG, Fuller CB, Hagen JA, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Recipient and donor outcomes in living related and unrelated lobar transplantation. Transplant Proc. 1998 Aug; 30(5):2261-3. PMID: 9723463.
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    70. Wells WJ, Parkman R, Smogorzewska E, Barr M. Neonatal thymectomy: does it affect immune function? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998 May; 115(5):1041-6. PMID: 9605073.
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    71. Acherman RJ, Siassi B, Wells W, Goodwin M, DeVore G, Sardesai S, Wong PC, Ebrahimi M, Pratti-Madrid G, Castillo W, Ramanathan R. Aneurysm of the ductus arteriosus: a congenital lesion. Am J Perinatol. 1998; 15(12):653-9. PMID: 10333391.
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    72. Starnes VA, Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Horn MV, Cohen RG, Hagen JA, Wells WJ. Experience with living-donor lobar transplantation for indications other than cystic fibrosis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997 Dec; 114(6):917-21; discussion 921-2. PMID: 9434686.
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    73. Luciani GB, Nichani S, Chang AC, Wells WJ, Newth CJ, Starnes VA. Continuous versus intermittent furosemide infusion in critically ill infants after open heart operations. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Oct; 64(4):1133-9. PMID: 9354540.
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    74. Kim KA, Vincent WR, Muenchow SK, Wells WJ, Downey SE. Successful repair of ectopia cordis using alloplastic materials. Ann Plast Surg. 1997 May; 38(5):518-22. PMID: 9160135.
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    75. Luciani GB, Wells WJ, Khong A, Starnes VA. The clamshell incision for bilateral pulmonary artery reconstruction in tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997 Mar; 113(3):443-52. PMID: 9081088.
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    76. Starnes VA, Barr ML, Cohen RG, Hagen JA, Wells WJ, Horn MV, Schenkel FA. Living-donor lobar lung transplantation experience: intermediate results. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Nov; 112(5):1284-90; discussion 1290-1. PMID: 8911325.
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    77. Starnes VA, Luciani GB, Wells WJ, Allen RB, Lewis AB. Aortic root replacement with the pulmonary autograft in children with complex left heart obstruction. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Aug; 62(2):442-8; discussion 448-9. PMID: 8694603.
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    78. Wells WJ, Prendergast TW, Berdjis F, Brandl D, Lange PE, Hetzer R, Starnes VA. Repair of coarctation of the aorta in adults: the fate of systolic hypertension. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Apr; 61(4):1168-71. PMID: 8607677.
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    79. Nguyen Q, deTar M, Wells W, Crockett D. Cervical thymic cyst: case reports and review of the literature. Laryngoscope. 1996 Mar; 106(3 Pt 1):247-52. PMID: 8614183.
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    80. Luciani GB, Ackerman RJ, Chang AC, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. One-stage repair of interrupted aortic arch, ventricular septal defect, and subaortic obstruction in the neonate: a novel approach. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1996 Feb; 111(2):348-58. PMID: 8583808.
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    81. Berdjis F, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Truncus arteriosus with total anomalous pulmonary venous return and interrupted arch. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Jan; 61(1):220-2. PMID: 8561563.
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    82. Marcus B, Atkinson JB, Wong PC, Chang AC, Wells WJ, Lindesmith GG, Starnes VA. Successful use of transesophageal echocardiography during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in infants after cardiac operations. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1995 May; 109(5):846-8. PMID: 7739242.
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    83. Marcus B, Wong PC, Wells WJ, Lindesmith GG, Starnes VA. Transesophageal echocardiography in the postoperative child with an open sternum. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Jul; 58(1):235-6. PMID: 8037535.
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    84. Berdjis F, Takahashi M, Wells WJ, Stiles QR, Lindesmith GG. Anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Significance of intercoronary collaterals. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1994 Jul; 108(1):17-20. PMID: 8028363.
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    85. Cohen RG, Barr ML, Schenkel FA, DeMeester TR, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. Living-related donor lobectomy for bilateral lobar transplantation in patients with cystic fibrosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Jun; 57(6):1423-7; discussion 1428. PMID: 8010783.
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    86. Shely WW, Loitz RD, Fox AH, Wells WJ. Intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia, atrial septal defect, and severe episodic cyanosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Jun; 57(6):1651-3. PMID: 8010820.
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    87. Wells WJ, Fox AH, Theodore PR, Ross LA, Stanley P, Starnes VA. Aspergillosis of the posterior mediastinum. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 May; 57(5):1240-3. PMID: 8179392.
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    88. Wells WJ. Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act. Ann Thorac Surg. 1991 Aug; 52(2):360-1. PMID: 1863171.
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    89. Wells WJ. Surgical problems of endocarditis in children. J Card Surg. 1989 Dec; 4(4):313-6. PMID: 2520011.
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    90. Wells WJ, Stiles QR. Massive venous air embolism during cardiopulmonary bypass. Ann Thorac Surg. 1981 Jan; 31(1):86-9. PMID: 6970017.
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