Winfield John Wells, MD

Title(s)Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery
Address4661 Sunset Blvd.
Off Campus
Los Angeles CA 90027
Phone+1 323 361 4148
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    Winfield J. Wells, M.D., is Associate Professor of Clinical Cardiothoracic Surgery and Associate Director of the Cardiothoracic Surgery Training Program. He earned his medical degree from USC, and completed his General and Cardiovascular Surgical Training at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center in New York. He came to Los Angeles in 1977 where he practiced at Childrens Hospital and the Good Samaritan Hospital as part of the teaching faculty for the Good Samaritan based residency-training program. In 1992, Dr. Wells joined Dr. Starnes to form the full-time Academic Cardiothoracic Surgical service at USC.

    The author of numerous peer-reviewed articles, Dr. Wells' major areas of research interest include congenital heart disease, thoracic transplantation in children, and cryopreserved allograft tissues in congenital heart repair. He is also interested in complex tracheal reconstruction in infants and children.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Resident education in congenital heart surgery does not compromise outcomes. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 Jan 11. Cleveland JD, Bowdish ME, Mack WJ, Kim RW, Kumar SR, Kallin K, Herrington CS, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 33581904.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Biventricular Repair in Interrupted Aortic Arch and Ventricular Septal Defect With a Small Left Ventricular Outflow Tract. Ann Thorac Surg. 2021 02; 111(2):637-644. Mallios DN, Gray WH, Cheng AL, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar SR. PMID: 32599045.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Impact of prior diaphragm plication on subsequent stages of single ventricle palliation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Nov; 160(5):1291-1296.e1. Kumar SR, Bainiwal J, Cleveland JD, Pike N, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 32713630.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Simultaneous Systemic to Pulmonary Shunt and Pulmonary Artery Banding is a Viable Option for Neonatal Palliation of Single Ventricle Physiology. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019; 31(2):234-241. Wiggins LM, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar RS. PMID: 30278269.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Arch Augmentation via Median Sternotomy for Coarctation of Aorta With Proximal Arch Hypoplasia. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 10; 106(4):1214-1219. Gray WH, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar SR. PMID: 29753817.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Liberal Use of Delayed Sternal Closure in Children Is Not Associated With Increased Morbidity. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 08; 106(2):581-586. Kumar SR, Scott N, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 29698662.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Need for Pulmonary Arterioplasty During Glenn Independently Predicts Inferior Surgical Outcome. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 07; 106(1):156-164. Cleveland JD, Tran S, Takao C, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Kumar SR. PMID: 29653081.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Single-Ventricle Outcomes After Neonatal Palliation of Severe Ebstein Anomaly With Modified Starnes Procedure. Circulation. 2016 Oct 25; 134(17):1257-1264. Kumar SR, Kung G, Noh N, Castillo N, Fagan B, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 27777295.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Outcomes of Reintervention on the Autograft After Ross Procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Nov; 102(5):1517-1521. Kumar SR, Bansal N, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 27345096.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Aortopulmonary collaterals: Angiogenesis, or a whole lot more? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Apr; 151(4):1135-6. Wells WJ, Kumar SR. PMID: 26621315.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    11. Giant Pseudoaneurysm of Reconstructed Right Ventricular Outflow Tract. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Aug; 100(2):734. Shashidharan S, Wells WJ, Detterich J, Wong J, Kumar SR. PMID: 26234857.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Reduced pleural drainage, length of stay, and readmissions using a modified Fontan management protocol. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Sep; 150(3):481-7. Pike NA, Okuhara CA, Toyama J, Gross BP, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 26254747.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Age-Related Outcomes of the Ross Procedure Over 20 Years. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jun; 99(6):2077-83; discussion 2084-5. Bansal N, Kumar SR, Baker CJ, Lemus R, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 25921257.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Arterioplasty for Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction After Arterial Switch Is a Durable Procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Jul; 100(1):122-7; discussion 127-8. Wiggins LM, Kumar SR, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. PMID: 25921259.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. "The times they are a-changin'". J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Jan; 149(1):265-6. Wells WJ. PMID: 25451495.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Responsible innovation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Nov; 148(5):2225-6. Wells WJ. PMID: 25444196.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    17. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Sep; 96(3):942. Wells W. PMID: 23992692.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Congenital heart disease and heterotaxy: upper gastrointestinal fluoroscopy can be misleading and surgery in an asymptomatic patient is not beneficial. J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Jan; 48(1):164-9. Papillon S, Goodhue CJ, Zmora O, Sharma SS, Wells WJ, Ford HR, Upperman JS, Wang KS, Bushman GA, Kim R, Pierce JR. PMID: 23331810.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Nov; 94(5):1617-8. Wells W. PMID: 23098938.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Variation in perioperative care across centers for infants undergoing the Norwood procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Oct; 144(4):915-21. Pasquali SK, Ohye RG, Lu M, Kaltman J, Caldarone CA, Pizarro C, Dunbar-Masterson C, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Kaza AK, Newburger J, Rhodes JF, Scheurer M, Silver E, Sleeper LA, Tabbutt S, Tweddell J, Uzark K, Wells W, Mahle WT, Pearson GD, Pediatric Heart Network Investigators . PMID: 22698562.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. A novel reconstruction of the left superior vena cava. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2012 Apr; 143(4):981-2. Kane LC, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 22104680.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Pulmonary homograft monocusp reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract: outcomes to the intermediate term. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Jul; 90(1):42-9. Nath DS, Nussbaum DP, Yurko C, Ragab OM, Shin AJ, Kumar SR, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. PMID: 20609745.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Reducing the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome with the introduction of an enteral feed protocol. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 May; 11(3):373-7. del Castillo SL, McCulley ME, Khemani RG, Jeffries HE, Thomas DW, Peregrine J, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Moromisato DY. PMID: 19838139.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Ascending aortitis and aortic valve endocarditis in an infant. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Apr; 139(4):e90-1. Nath DS, Shin AJ, Nussbaum DP, Berman D, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. PMID: 20304128.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    25. Obstruction of lateral tunnel fontan by an adjustable occluder device. J Card Surg. 2009 Nov-Dec; 24(6):750-2. Biniwale RM, Wells WJ, Herrington CS, Starnes VA. PMID: 20078723.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Can the Kawashima procedure be performed in younger patients? Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Aug; 88(2):581-6; discussion 586-7. Nath DS, Carden AJ, Nussbaum DP, Shin AJ, Khemani RG, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. PMID: 19632416.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Thoracic duct ligation for persistent chylothorax after pediatric cardiothoracic surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Jul; 88(1):246-51; discussion 251-2. Nath DS, Savla J, Khemani RG, Nussbaum DP, Greene CL, Wells WJ. PMID: 19559234.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Novel use of a vascular plug to anchor an azygous vein ICD lead. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010 Jan; 21(1):99-102. Bar-Cohen Y, Takao CM, Wells WJ, Saxon LA, Cesario DA, Silka MJ. PMID: 19549034.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Cor triatriatum associated with ASD and common atrium in 7-month-old with tachypnea and failure to thrive. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Dec; 86(6):1999. McLean MK, Kung GC, Polimenakos A, Wells WJ, Reemtsen BL. PMID: 19022036.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Perioperative course in 118 infants and children undergoing coarctation repair via a thoracotomy: a prospective, multicenter experience. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Nov; 136(5):1229-36. Tabbutt S, Nicolson SC, Dominguez TE, Wells W, Backer CL, Tweddell JS, Bokesch P, Schreiner M. PMID: 19026808.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. A novel bioresorbable film reduces postoperative adhesions after infant cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Aug; 86(2):614-21. Lodge AJ, Wells WJ, Backer CL, O'Brien JE, Austin EH, Bacha EA, Yeh T, Decampli WM, Lavin PT, Weinstein S. PMID: 18640342.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Role of clinically indicated transbronchial lung biopsies in the management of pediatric post-lung transplant patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Jul; 86(1):198-203. Greene CL, Reemtsen B, Polimenakos A, Horn M, Wells W. PMID: 18573423.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. The safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of esmolol for blood pressure control immediately after repair of coarctation of the aorta in infants and children: a multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Aug; 136(2):321-8. Tabbutt S, Nicolson SC, Adamson PC, Zhang X, Hoffman ML, Wells W, Backer CL, McGowan FX, Tweddell JS, Bokesch P, Schreiner M. PMID: 18692637.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    34. Right ventricular exclusion procedure with total cavopulmonary connection: an alternative operative approach in adults with severe Ebstein anomaly. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 May; 135(5):1182-3. Polimenakos AC, Reemtsen BL, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 18455608.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Mechanical occlusion of the inferior vena cava: an unusual complication after repair of pectus excavatum using the nuss procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 May; 85(5):1796-8. Nath DS, Wells WJ, Reemtsen BL. PMID: 18442593.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Hemidiaphragm plication after repair of congenital heart defects in children: quantitative return of diaphragm function over time. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Jan; 135(1):56-61. Baker CJ, Boulom V, Reemtsen BL, Rollins RC, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. PMID: 18179919.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Fate of the right ventricle after fenestrated right ventricular exclusion for severe neonatal Ebstein anomaly. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Dec; 134(6):1406-10; discussion 1410-2. Reemtsen BL, Polimenakos AC, Fagan BT, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 18023652.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. A novel approach to the surgical correction of scimitar syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Feb; 133(2):573-4. Lam TT, Reemtsen BL, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. PMID: 17258607.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Current surgical therapy for Ebstein anomaly in neonates. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2006 Dec; 132(6):1285-90. Reemtsen BL, Fagan BT, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 17140943.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Mesenteric blood flow velocities in the newborn with single-ventricle physiology: modified Blalock-Taussig shunt versus right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Mar; 7(2):132-7. del Castillo SL, Moromisato DY, Dorey F, Ludwick J, Starnes VA, Wells WJ, Jeffries HE, Wong PC. PMID: 16474253.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Gastrointestinal morbidity after Norwood palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Mar; 81(3):982-7. Jeffries HE, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Wetzel RC, Moromisato DY. PMID: 16488706.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. The ethics of living donor lung transplantation. Thorac Surg Clin. 2005 Nov; 15(4):519-25. Wells WJ, Barr ML. PMID: 16276816.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Ascending aortic extension for enlargement of the aortopulmonary space in children with pulmonary artery stenosis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Nov; 80(5):1647-51. Baker CJ, Wells WJ, Derby CA, Rizi S, Starnes VA. PMID: 16242432.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Obstruction in modified Blalock shunts: a quantitative analysis with clinical correlation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Jun; 79(6):2072-6. Wells WJ, Yu RJ, Batra AS, Monforte H, Sintek C, Starnes VA. PMID: 15919312.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    45. Does the site of insertion of a systemic-pulmonary shunt influence growth of the pulmonary arteries? Ann Thorac Surg. 2005 Feb; 79(2):636-40. Batra AS, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. PMID: 15680850.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Ketorolac after congenital heart surgery: does it increase the risk of significant bleeding complications? Paediatr Anaesth. 2005 Feb; 15(2):139-42. Gupta A, Daggett C, Ludwick J, Wells W, Lewis A. PMID: 15675931.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Successful repair of ectopia cordis using alloplastic materials: 10-year follow-up. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 Nov; 114(6):1519-22. Ley EJ, Roth JJ, Kim KA, Vincent WR, Muenchow SK, Wells WJ, Downey SE. PMID: 15509942.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Previous thoracic surgery does not increase peri-operative mortality in pediatric heart-lung transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2004 Nov; 23(11):1228-30. Koulouri S, Woo MS, Horn MV, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Szmuszkovicz JR. PMID: 15539119.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Use of the Palmaz stent in the treatment of severe tracheomalacia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2004 Aug; 113(8):641-7. Geller KA, Wells WJ, Koempel JA, St John MA. PMID: 15330144.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. A decade of living lobar lung transplantation: perioperative complications after 253 donor lobectomies. Am J Transplant. 2004 Aug; 4(8):1283-8. Bowdish ME, Barr ML, Schenkel FA, Woo MS, Bremner RM, Horn MV, Baker CJ, Barbers RG, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 15268729.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Risk factors for persistent pleural effusions after the extracardiac Fontan procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jun; 127(6):1664-9. Gupta A, Daggett C, Behera S, Ferraro M, Wells W, Starnes V. PMID: 15173721.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Stenting of the mainstem bronchus in children: a word of caution. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Apr; 77(4):1420-2. Wells WJ, Hussain NS, Wood JC. PMID: 15063278.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Determinants of mortality and type of repair in neonates with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Apr; 127(4):1000-7; discussion 1007-8. Ashburn DA, Blackstone EH, Wells WJ, Jonas RA, Pigula FA, Manning PB, Lofland GK, Williams WG, McCrindle BW, Congenital Heart Surgeons Study members . PMID: 15052196.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Needle embolism to the heart. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Mar; 77(3):1102. Baker CJ, Nigro JJ, Daggett CW, Wells WJ. PMID: 15025106.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Neochordal repair of the posterior mitral leaflet. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Feb; 127(2):440-7. Nigro JJ, Schwartz DS, Bart RD, Bart CW, Lopez BM, Cunningham MJ, Barr ML, Bremner RM, Haddy SM, Wells WJ, Starnes VA. PMID: 14762353.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. A decade of living lobar lung transplantation: recipient outcomes. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jan; 127(1):114-22. Starnes VA, Bowdish ME, Woo MS, Barbers RG, Schenkel FA, Horn MV, Pessotto R, Sievers EM, Baker CJ, Cohen RG, Bremner RM, Wells WJ, Barr ML. PMID: 14752421.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Management of phrenic nerve stimulation caused by epicardial pacemaker leads in children. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003 Nov; 76(5):1757-8. Wells WJ, Batra AS. PMID: 14602340.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Depopulated vena caval homograft: a new venous conduit. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Aug; 126(2):498-503. Wells W, Malas M, Baker CJ, Quardt SM, Barr ML. PMID: 12928650.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    59. Late recovery of atrioventricular conduction after pacemaker implantation for complete heart block associated with surgery for congenital heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Jun; 125(6):1291-3. Batra AS, Wells WJ, Hinoki KW, Stanton RA, Silka MJ. PMID: 12830046.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Cor triatriatum: a cause of hemoptysis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2002 Nov; 34(5):405-8. Sritippayawan S, Margetis MF, MacLaughlin EF, Achermann R, Wells WJ, Davidson Ward SL. PMID: 12357491.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Homograft conduit failure in infants is not due to somatic outgrowth. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2002 Jul; 124(1):88-96. Wells WJ, Arroyo H, Bremner RM, Wood J, Starnes VA. PMID: 12091813.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Arm ischemia after subclavian flap angioplasty: repair by carotid-subclavian bypass. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000 May; 69(5):1574-6. Wells WJ, Castro LJ. PMID: 10881847.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Intermediate outcome after Mustard and Senning procedures: A study by the Congenital Heart Surgeons Society. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Pediatr Card Surg Annu. 2000; 3:186-197. Wells WJ, Blackstone E. PMID: 11486197.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    
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