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Robinder G. Khemani, MD

TitleAssociate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
InstitutionUniversity of Southern California
DepartmentPediatrics
AddressCHL Mail Stop 12
Off Campus
Los Angeles CA 90089
Phone+1 323 361 2557
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    Dr. Khemani is a Pediatric Intensive Care Physician and Clinical Researcher at the Children's Hospital Los Angeles. His major area of research interest involves using observational data to answer important clinical questions in the realm of pediatric critical care. This includes but is not limited to the creation and validation of quality indicators and severity of illness scores to develop objective criteria for comparing pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) outcomes internationally. This work involves both disease specific markers for certain subgroups of PICU patients, or global ICU populations. These findings will help target specific areas for quality improvement, and help evaluate new interventions and treatment modalities.

    He is also interested in pediatric mechanical ventilation, lung injury, and respiratory physiology, both translationally and at the bedside. He has specific interests in acute respiratory distress syndrome and upper airway obstruction: developing and validating minimally invasive pulmonary function techniques. Moreover, he uses his background in statistical modeling to examine the impact of different treatment regimens on cohorts of patients with specific respiratory disease such as upper airway obstruction, obstructive airways, hypoxemic respiratory failure, and acute lung injury.


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Bhalla AK, Yehya N, Mack WJ, Wilson ML, Khemani RG, Newth CJL. The authors reply. Crit Care Med. 2018 Dec; 46(12):e1231. PMID: 30444833.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Shein SL, Hotz J, Khemani RG. Derivation and Validation of an Objective Effort of Breathing Score in Critically Ill Children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 Nov 02. PMID: 30395108.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Khemani RG, Smith L, Lopez-Fernandez YM, Kwok J, Morzov R, Klein MJ, Yehya N, Willson D, Kneyber MCJ, Lillie J, Fernandez A, Newth CJL, Jouvet P, Thomas NJ. Paediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome incidence and epidemiology (PARDIE): an international, observational study. Lancet Respir Med. 2018 Oct 22. PMID: 30361119.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Bhalla AK, Khemani RG, Hotz JC, Morzov RP, Newth CJ. Accuracy of Transcutaneous Carbon Dioxide Levels in Comparison to Arterial Carbon Dioxide Levels in Critically Ill Children. Respir Care. 2018 Sep 25. PMID: 30254042.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Willson DF, Hall M, Beardsley A, Hoot M, Kirby A, Hays S, Erickson S, Truemper E, Khemani R. Pediatric Ventilator-Associated Events: Analysis of the Pediatric Ventilator-Associated Infection Data. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 Sep 18. PMID: 30234739.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Dowell JC, Parvathaneni K, Thomas NJ, Khemani RG, Yehya N. Epidemiology of Cause of Death in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Med. 2018 Aug 07. PMID: 30095498.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Smith LS, Khemani RG. The Therapeutic Index. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 Aug; 19(8):775-776. PMID: 30095712.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Bhalla AK, Yehya N, Mack WJ, Wilson ML, Khemani RG, Newth CJL. The Association Between Inhaled Nitric Oxide Treatment and ICU Mortality and 28-Day Ventilator-Free Days in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Med. 2018 Jul 18. PMID: 30028363.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Khemani RG, Parvathaneni K, Yehya N, Bhalla AK, Thomas NJ, Newth CJL. Reply to Tremlett and Kanthimathinathan, and to Koopman and Kneyber. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Jun 29. PMID: 29958000.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Rasouli MA, Newth CJL, Khemani RG, Ross PA. Predicting Body Height in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Using Ulnar Length. Front Pediatr. 2018; 6:187. PMID: 30035103.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Bachman TE, Newth CJL, Iyer NP, Ross PA, Khemani RG. Hypoxemic and hyperoxemic likelihood in pulse oximetry ranges: NICU observational study. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Jun 20. PMID: 29925540.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Kim GJ, Newth CJL, Khemani RG, Wong SL, Coates AL, Ross PA. Does size matter when calculating the "correct" tidal volume for pediatric mechanical ventilation? A hypothesis based on Forced Vital Capacity. Chest. 2018 Apr 20. PMID: 29684318.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Yehya N, Thomas NJ, Khemani RG. Risk Stratification Using Oxygenation in the First 24 Hours of Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Med. 2018 Apr; 46(4):619-624. PMID: 29293150.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Khemani RG, Parvathaneni K, Yehya N, Bhalla AK, Thomas NJ, Newth CJL. PEEP Lower Than the ARDS Network Protocol is Associated with Higher Pediatric ARDS Mortality. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Jan 26. PMID: 29373802.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Khemani RG, Ross PA, Typpo K. The authors reply. Crit Care Med. 2017 Dec; 45(12):e1304-e1305. PMID: 29149006.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Khemani RG, Smith L. The Conflicting Paradigm of Ventilator-Associated Conditions. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Nov; 18(11):1078-1079. PMID: 29099453.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Sward KA, Newth CJL, Khemani RG, Page K, Meert KL, Carcillo JA, Shanley TP, Moler FW, Pollack MM, Dalton HJ, Wessel DL, Berger JT, Berg RA, Harrison RE, Doctor A, Dean JM, Holobkov R, Jenkins TL, Nicholson CE. Potential Acceptability of a Pediatric Ventilator Management Computer Protocol. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Nov; 18(11):1027-1034. PMID: 28926488.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Newth CJL, Sward KA, Khemani RG, Page K, Meert KL, Carcillo JA, Shanley TP, Moler FW, Pollack MM, Dalton HJ, Wessel DL, Berger JT, Berg RA, Harrison RE, Holubkov R, Doctor A, Dean JM, Jenkins TL, Nicholson CE. Variability in Usual Care Mechanical Ventilation for Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Time for a Decision Support Protocol? Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Nov; 18(11):e521-e529. PMID: 28930815.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Hotz JC, Sodetani CT, Van Steenbergen J, Khemani RG, Deakers TW, Newth CJ. Measurements Obtained From Esophageal Balloon Catheters Are Affected by the Esophageal Balloon Filling Volume in Children With ARDS. Respir Care. 2018 Feb; 63(2):177-186. PMID: 29089460.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Newth CJL, Khemani RG, Jouvet PA, Sward KA. Mechanical Ventilation and Decision Support in Pediatric Intensive Care. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2017 Oct; 64(5):1057-1070. PMID: 28941535.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Khemani RG, Sekayan T, Hotz J, Flink RC, Rafferty GF, Iyer N, Newth CJL. Risk Factors for Pediatric Extubation Failure: The Importance of Respiratory Muscle Strength. Crit Care Med. 2017 Aug; 45(8):e798-e805. PMID: 28437378.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Weiler T, Kamerkar A, Hotz J, Ross PA, Newth CJL, Khemani RG. The Relationship between High Flow Nasal Cannula Flow Rate and Effort of Breathing in Children. J Pediatr. 2017 Oct; 189:66-71.e3. PMID: 28669609.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Wong R, Deakers T, Hotz J, Khemani RG, Ross PA, Newth CJ. Volume and Pressure Delivery During Pediatric High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Apr; 18(4):e189-e194. PMID: 28212162.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Kamerkar A, Hotz J, Morzov R, Newth CJL, Ross PA, Khemani RG. Comparison of Effort of Breathing for Infants on Nasal Modes of Respiratory Support. J Pediatr. 2017 Jun; 185:26-32.e3. PMID: 28366356.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Virk MK, Hotz J, Khemani RG, Newth CJ, Ross PA. Change in Oxygen Consumption Following Inhalation of Albuterol in Comparison with Levalbuterol in Healthy Adult Volunteers. Lung. 2017 04; 195(2):233-239. PMID: 28210808.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Che Z, Purushotham S, Khemani R, Liu Y. Interpretable Deep Models for ICU Outcome Prediction. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2016; 2016:371-380. PMID: 28269832.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Modesto I Alapont V, Khemani RG, Medina A, Del Villar Guerra P, Molina Cambra A. Bayes to the Rescue: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Has Less Mortality Than High-Flow Oxygen. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Feb; 18(2):e92-e99. PMID: 28157810.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Yehya N, Bhalla AK, Thomas NJ, Khemani RG. The authors reply. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Feb; 18(2):204-205. PMID: 28157806.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Willson DF, Hoot M, Khemani R, Carrol C, Kirby A, Schwarz A, Gedeit R, Nett ST, Erickson S, Flori H, Hays S, Hall M. Pediatric Ventilator-Associated Infections: The Ventilator-Associated INfection Study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Jan; 18(1):e24-e34. PMID: 27828898.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Parvathaneni K, Belani S, Leung D, Newth CJ, Khemani RG. Evaluating the Performance of the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference Definition of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Jan; 18(1):17-25. PMID: 27673384.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Razavi A, Newth CJL, Khemani RG, Beltramo F, Ross PA. Cardiac output and systemic vascular resistance: Clinical assessment compared with a noninvasive objective measurement in children with shock. J Crit Care. 2017 Jun; 39:6-10. PMID: 28088009.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Khemani RG, Newth CJ. CPAP alone best estimates post-extubation effort during spontaneous breathing trials in children. Intensive Care Med. 2017 01; 43(1):150-151. PMID: 27742999.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Spicer AC, Calfee CS, Zinter MS, Khemani RG, Lo VP, Alkhouli MF, Orwoll BE, Graciano AL, Boriosi JP, Howard JP, Flori HR, Matthay MA, Sapru A. A Simple and Robust Bedside Model for Mortality Risk in Pediatric Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Oct; 17(10):907-916. PMID: 27487912.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Beltramo F, Menteer J, Razavi A, Khemani RG, Szmuszkovicz J, Newth CJ, Ross PA. Letter to Editor: Reliability of the Ultrasound Cardiac Output Monitor for Pediatric Patients. Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 Aug; 37(6):1189-90. PMID: 27350277.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Khemani RG, Hotz J, Morzov R, Flink RC, Kamerkar A, LaFortune M, Rafferty GF, Ross PA, Newth CJ. Pediatric extubation readiness tests should not use pressure support. Intensive Care Med. 2016 Aug; 42(8):1214-22. PMID: 27318942.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Sanchez-Pinto LN, Khemani RG. Development of a Prediction Model of Early Acute Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Children Using Electronic Health Record Data. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 06; 17(6):508-15. PMID: 27124567.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Markovitz BP, Kukuyeva I, Soto-Campos G, Khemani RG. PICU Volume and Outcome: A Severity-Adjusted Analysis. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 06; 17(6):483-9. PMID: 26959348.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Mandell I, Khemani RG. The authors reply. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 06; 17(6):582. PMID: 27261658.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Beltramo F, Menteer J, Razavi A, Khemani RG, Szmuszkovicz J, Newth CJ, Ross PA. Reply to Letter to the Editor. Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 Mar; 37(3):619-20. PMID: 26987651.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Ross PA, Newth CJ, Leung D, Wetzel RC, Khemani RG. Obesity and Mortality Risk in Critically Ill Children. Pediatrics. 2016 Mar; 137(3):e20152035. PMID: 26908670.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Yehya N, Bhalla AK, Thomas NJ, Khemani RG. Alveolar Dead Space Fraction Discriminates Mortality in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Feb; 17(2):101-9. PMID: 26669646; PMCID: PMC4740261 [Available on 02/01/17].
    42. Bhalla AK, Khemani R. Recruitment Maneuvers to the Extreme. Respir Care. 2016 Feb; 61(2):260-1. PMID: 26796618.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Khemani RG, Hotz J, Morzov R, Flink R, Kamerkar A, Ross PA, Newth CJ. Evaluating Risk Factors for Pediatric Post-extubation Upper Airway Obstruction Using a Physiology-based Tool. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Jan 15; 193(2):198-209. PMID: 26389847; PMCID: PMC4731712 [Available on 01/15/17].
    44. Mandell IM, Aghamohammadi S, Deakers T, Khemani RG. Procalcitonin to Detect Suspected Bacterial Infections in the PICU. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Jan; 17(1):e4-12. PMID: 26492060.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Bhalla A, Newth C, Khemani R. The authors reply. Crit Care Med. 2016 Jan; 44(1):e52-3. PMID: 26672944.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Orwoll BE, Spicer AC, Zinter MS, Alkhouli MF, Khemani RG, Flori HR, Neuhaus JM, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Sapru A. Elevated soluble thrombomodulin is associated with organ failure and mortality in children with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS): a prospective observational cohort study. Crit Care. 2015 Dec 14; 19:435. PMID: 26652251; PMCID: PMC4699329.
    47. Kim P, Salazar A, Ross PA, Newth CJ, Khemani RG. Comparison of Tidal Volumes at the Endotracheal Tube and at the Ventilator. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Nov; 16(9):e324-31. PMID: 26226341.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Erickson S, Smith LS, Khemani RG, Willson DF, Jouvet P, Thomas NJ. The authors reply. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Nov; 16(9):899-900. PMID: 26536565.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Bhalla AK, Belani S, Leung D, Newth CJ, Khemani RG. Higher Dead Space Is Associated With Increased Mortality in Critically Ill Children. Crit Care Med. 2015 Nov; 43(11):2439-45. PMID: 26200768.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Sanchez-Pinto LN, Goldstein SL, Schneider JB, Khemani RG. Association Between Progression and Improvement of Acute Kidney Injury and Mortality in Critically Ill Children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Oct; 16(8):703-10. PMID: 26132741.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Beltramo F, Menteer J, Razavi A, Khemani RG, Szmuszkovicz J, Newth CJ, Ross PA. Validation of an Ultrasound Cardiac Output Monitor as a Bedside Tool for Pediatric Patients. Pediatr Cardiol. 2016 Jan; 37(1):177-83. PMID: 26364291.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Smith LS, Khemani RG, Erickson S, Willson DF, Jouvet P, Thomas NJ. The authors reply. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Sep; 16(7):689-91. PMID: 26335127.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Bhalla AK, Rubin S, Newth CJ, Ross P, Morzov R, Soto-Campos G, Khemani R. Monitoring Dead Space in Mechanically Ventilated Children: Volumetric Capnography Versus Time-Based Capnography. Respir Care. 2015 Nov; 60(11):1548-55. PMID: 26199451.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Khemani RG, Smith LS, Zimmerman JJ, Erickson S. Pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome: definition, incidence, and epidemiology: proceedings from the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Jun; 16(5 Suppl 1):S23-40. PMID: 26035358.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Khemani RG, Smith L. Are we ready to accept the Berlin definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome for use in children? Crit Care Med. 2015 May; 43(5):1132-4. PMID: 25876111; PMCID: PMC4400856.
    56. Salazar AM, Newth CC, Khemani RG, Jürg H, Ross PA. Pulmonary function testing in infants with tetralogy of Fallot and absent pulmonary valve syndrome. Ann Pediatr Cardiol. 2015 May-Aug; 8(2):108-12. PMID: 26085760; PMCID: PMC4453177.
    57. Frey LJ, Sward KA, Newth CJ, Khemani RG, Cryer ME, Thelen JL, Enriquez R, Shaoyu S, Pollack MM, Harrison RE, Meert KL, Berg RA, Wessel DL, Shanley TP, Dalton H, Carcillo J, Jenkins TL, Dean JM. Virtualization of open-source secure web services to support data exchange in a pediatric critical care research network. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Nov; 22(6):1271-6. PMID: 25796596; PMCID: PMC4639713 [Available on 11/01/16].
    58. Ross PA, Khemani RG, Rubin SS, Bhalla AK, Newth CJ. Elevated positive end-expiratory pressure decreases cardiac index in a rhesus monkey model. Front Pediatr. 2014; 2:134. PMID: 25520944; PMCID: PMC4253666.
    59. Khemani RG, Flink R, Hotz J, Ross PA, Ghuman A, Newth CJ. Respiratory inductance plethysmography calibration for pediatric upper airway obstruction: an animal model. Pediatr Res. 2015 Jan; 77(1-1):75-83. PMID: 25279987; PMCID: PMC4268304.
    60. Khemani RG, Rubin S, Belani S, Leung D, Erickson S, Smith LS, Zimmerman JJ, Newth CJ. Pulse oximetry vs. PaO2 metrics in mechanically ventilated children: Berlin definition of ARDS and mortality risk. Intensive Care Med. 2015 Jan; 41(1):94-102. PMID: 25231293.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Khemani RG, Celikkaya EB, Shelton CR, Kale D, Ross PA, Wetzel RC, Newth CJ. Algorithms to estimate PaCO2 and pH using noninvasive parameters for children with hypoxemic respiratory failure. Respir Care. 2014 Aug; 59(8):1248-57. PMID: 24368862.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Bennett TD, Spaeder MC, Matos RI, Watson RS, Typpo KV, Khemani RG, Crow S, Benneyworth BD, Thiagarajan RR, Dean JM, Markovitz BP. Existing data analysis in pediatric critical care research. Front Pediatr. 2014; 2:79. PMID: 25121079; PMCID: PMC4114296.
    63. Rubin S, Ghuman A, Deakers T, Khemani R, Ross P, Newth CJ. Effort of breathing in children receiving high-flow nasal cannula. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 Jan; 15(1):1-6. PMID: 24201859.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Ingaramo OA, Ngo T, Khemani RG, Newth CJ. Impact of positive end-expiratory pressure on cardiac index measured by ultrasound cardiac output monitor*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 Jan; 15(1):15-20. PMID: 24389709.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Ross PA, Newth CJ, Khemani RG. Accuracy of pulse oximetry in children. Pediatrics. 2014 Jan; 133(1):22-9. PMID: 24344108.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Khemani RG, Wilson DF, Esteban A, Ferguson ND. Evaluating the Berlin Definition in pediatric ARDS. Intensive Care Med. 2013 Dec; 39(12):2213-6. PMID: 24100944.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Yasaka Y, Khemani RG, Markovitz BP. Is shock index associated with outcome in children with sepsis/septic shock?*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2013 Oct; 14(8):e372-9. PMID: 23962830.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Ghuman AK, Newth CJ, Khemani RG. Impact of gender on sepsis mortality and severity of illness for prepubertal and postpubertal children. J Pediatr. 2013 Sep; 163(3):835-40.e1. PMID: 23706357.
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    69. Shibata S, Khemani RG, Markovitz B. Patient origin is associated with duration of endotracheal intubation and PICU length of stay for children with status asthmaticus. J Intensive Care Med. 2014 May-Jun; 29(3):154-9. PMID: 23753230.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Khemani RG, Schneider JB, Morzov R, Markovitz B, Newth CJ. Pediatric upper airway obstruction: interobserver variability is the road to perdition. J Crit Care. 2013 Aug; 28(4):490-7. PMID: 23337481; PMCID: PMC3644547.
    71. Khemani RG. Dead space to tidal volume ratio (VD/VT) to explain extubation failure in children: the limitations of current evidence. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2012 May; 88(3):191-4. PMID: 22718284.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Radhakrishna SM, Reiff AO, Marzan KA, Azen C, Khemani RG, Rubin S, Menteer J, Brown DE, Shaham B. Pediatric rheumatic disease in the intensive care unit: lessons learned from 15 years of experience in a tertiary care pediatric hospital. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2012 May; 13(3):e181-6. PMID: 22561277.
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    73. Khemani RG, Thomas NJ, Venkatachalam V, Scimeme JP, Berutti T, Schneider JB, Ross PA, Willson DF, Hall MW, Newth CJ. Comparison of SpO2 to PaO2 based markers of lung disease severity for children with acute lung injury. Crit Care Med. 2012 Apr; 40(4):1309-16. PMID: 22202709.
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    74. Ingaramo OA, Khemani RG, Markovitz BP, Epstein D. Effect of race on the timing of the Glenn and Fontan procedures for single-ventricle congenital heart disease. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2012 Mar; 13(2):174-7. PMID: 21666532.
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    75. Ghuman AK, Newth CJ, Khemani RG. The association between the end tidal alveolar dead space fraction and mortality in pediatric acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2012 Jan; 13(1):11-5. PMID: 21499169.
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    76. Khemani RG, Sward K, Morris A, Dean JM, Newth CJ. Variability in usual care mechanical ventilation for pediatric acute lung injury: the potential benefit of a lung protective computer protocol. Intensive Care Med. 2011 Nov; 37(11):1840-8. PMID: 21965099; PMCID: PMC3589567.
    77. Ross PA, Smith BM, Tolo VT, Khemani RG. Continuous infusion of bupivacaine reduces postoperative morphine use in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis after posterior spine fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Aug 15; 36(18):1478-83. PMID: 20881514.
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    78. Epstein D, Wong CF, Khemani RG, Moromisato DY, Waters K, Kipke MD, Markovitz BP. Race/Ethnicity is not associated with mortality in the PICU. Pediatrics. 2011 Mar; 127(3):e588-97. PMID: 21357333.
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    79. Khemani RG, Newth CJ. The design of future pediatric mechanical ventilation trials for acute lung injury. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Dec 15; 182(12):1465-74. PMID: 20732987; PMCID: PMC3029934.
    80. Ross PA, Hammer J, Khemani R, Klein M, Newth CJ. Pressure-rate product and phase angle as measures of acute inspiratory upper airway obstruction in rhesus monkeys. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2010 Jul; 45(7):639-44. PMID: 20575087.
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    81. Edwards JD, Kun SS, Keens TG, Khemani RG, Moromisato DY. Children with corrected or palliated congenital heart disease on home mechanical ventilation. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2010 Jul; 45(7):645-9. PMID: 20575088.
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    82. del Castillo SL, McCulley ME, Khemani RG, Jeffries HE, Thomas DW, Peregrine J, Wells WJ, Starnes VA, Moromisato DY. Reducing the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates with hypoplastic left heart syndrome with the introduction of an enteral feed protocol. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 May; 11(3):373-7. PMID: 19838139.
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    83. Khemani RG. Post extubation stridor the call for objectivity. Indian Pediatr. 2010 Apr; 47(4):307-8. PMID: 20431158.
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    84. Khemani RG, Randolph A, Markovitz B. Steroids for post extubation stridor: pediatric evidence is still inconclusive. Intensive Care Med. 2010 Jul; 36(7):1276-7. PMID: 20237767.
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    85. Schneider J, Khemani R, Grushkin C, Bart R. Serum creatinine as stratified in the RIFLE score for acute kidney injury is associated with mortality and length of stay for children in the pediatric intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 2010 Mar; 38(3):933-9. PMID: 20124891.
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    86. Guner YS, Khemani RG, Qureshi FG, Wee CP, Austin MT, Dorey F, Rycus PT, Ford HR, Friedlich P, Stein JE. Outcome analysis of neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia treated with venovenous vs venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. J Pediatr Surg. 2009 Sep; 44(9):1691-701. PMID: 19735810.
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    87. Nath DS, Carden AJ, Nussbaum DP, Shin AJ, Khemani RG, Starnes VA, Wells WJ. Can the Kawashima procedure be performed in younger patients? Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Aug; 88(2):581-6; discussion 586-7. PMID: 19632416.
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    88. Khemani RG, Randolph A, Markovitz B. Corticosteroids for the prevention and treatment of post-extubation stridor in neonates, children and adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009 Jul 08; (3):CD001000. PMID: 19588321.
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    89. Nath DS, Savla J, Khemani RG, Nussbaum DP, Greene CL, Wells WJ. Thoracic duct ligation for persistent chylothorax after pediatric cardiothoracic surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Jul; 88(1):246-51; discussion 251-2. PMID: 19559234.
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    90. Khemani RG, Markovitz BP, Curley MAQ. Characteristics of children intubated and mechanically ventilated in 16 PICUs. Chest. 2009 Sep; 136(3):765-771. PMID: 19542258; PMCID: PMC2775993.
    91. Khemani RG, Conti D, Alonzo TA, Bart RD, Newth CJ. Effect of tidal volume in children with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. Intensive Care Med. 2009 Aug; 35(8):1428-37. PMID: 19533092.
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    92. Khemani RG, Patel NR, Bart RD, Newth CJL. Comparison of the pulse oximetric saturation/fraction of inspired oxygen ratio and the PaO2/fraction of inspired oxygen ratio in children. Chest. 2009 Mar; 135(3):662-668. PMID: 19029434.
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    93. Khemani RG, Bart RD, Alonzo TA, Hatzakis G, Hallam D, Newth CJ. Disseminated intravascular coagulation score is associated with mortality for children with shock. Intensive Care Med. 2009 Feb; 35(2):327-33. PMID: 18802683.
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