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Arun P. Amar, MD

Title(s)Associate Professor of Clinical Neurological Surgery
Phone+1 323 409 7422
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    Title(s)Director of Endovascular Services, Keck Hospital of USC


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    Arun Amar, MD, is an associate professor and the Director of Endovascular Neurosurgery at the University of Southern California. He also serves as Stroke Director and Associate Chief of Neurosurgery at the LAC+USC Medical Center. He is one of the few board-certified neurosurgeons who have completed fellowship training in interventional neuroradiology as well.

    Dr. Amar graduated summa cum laude with distinction in philosophy from Yale University, where he was elected to the phi beta kappa society. He then graduated at the top of his class from the University of California San Francisco, where he earned the MD with Thesis degree based on original research he performed at their renowned Brain Tumor Research Center. Dr. Amar completed neurosurgery residency and fellowship training at USC. Concurrently, he enrolled in the PhD program in Physiology and Biophysics and was awarded a pre-doctoral fellowship from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

    After his training, Dr. Amar was recruited back to Yale as Director of Endovascular Neurosurgery. He subsequently worked as a faculty member at Stanford University before returning to the USC School of Medicine.

    He has been selected for inclusion in the “Best Doctors in America” database, “America’s Top Surgeons” by the Consumers Research Council of America, Marquis “Who’s Who”, Academic Keys’ “Who's Who in Medicine Higher Education”, Castle Connolly’s “America’s Top Doctors”, Pasadena magazine’s “Top Doctors”, Hollywood Reporter’s “Top Doctors” and US news and World Report “Best Doctors in America” (top 1% of neurosurgeons). He is also a Distinguished Consultant to the National Institute of Medicine and recipient of the Award of Honor of the National Institute of Medicine in the Specialty Field of Neurosurgery.

    Dr. Amar’s research and clinical interests include brain and spinal cord injury, aneurysms and vascular malformations, stroke and cerebrovascular disorders, blood-brain-barrier, brain tumors, vagus nerve stimulation, interventional neuroradiology, vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty, stem cell therapy, and gene therapy. In these and other topics, Dr. Amar has authored more than 100 publications in the neurosurgical literature. He has also edited books on spinal cord injury and interventional neuroradiology.

    Dr. Amar has led the safety committees of dozens of multicenter randomized clinical trials of cerebrovascular disorders and served on the editorial staff of numerous journals. He has also held numerous leadership positions within organized neurosurgery. He is internationally recognized for his contributions to patient care, research, and education.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Shkirkova K, Connor M, Lamorie-Foote K, Patel A, Liu Q, Ding L, Amar A, Sanossian N, Attenello F, Mack W. Frequency, predictors, and outcomes of readmission to index versus non-index hospitals after mechanical thrombectomy in patients with ischemic stroke. J Neurointerv Surg. 2019 Jul 26. PMID: 31350371.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Tang AM, Bakhsheshian J, Ding L, Jarvis CA, Yuan E, Strickland B, Giannotta SL, Amar A, Attenello FJ, Mack WJ. Nonindex Readmission After Ruptured Brain Aneurysm Treatment is Associated With Higher Morbidity and Repeat Readmission. World Neurosurg. 2019 Jul 05. PMID: 31284063.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Shao X, Zhao Z, Russin J, Amar A, Sanossian N, Wang DJ, Yan L. Quantification of intracranial arterial blood flow using noncontrast enhanced 4D dynamic MR angiography. Magn Reson Med. 2019 Jul; 82(1):449-459. PMID: 30847971.
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    4. Babadjouni R, Wen T, Donoho DA, Buchanan IA, Cen SY, Friedman RA, Amar A, Russin JJ, Giannotta SL, Mack WJ, Attenello FJ. Increased Hospital Surgical Volume Reduces Rate of 30- and 90-Day Readmission After Acoustic Neuroma Surgery. Neurosurgery. 2019 Mar 01; 84(3):726-732. PMID: 29889284.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Tafreshi AR, Landau MJ, Mack WJ, Cen SY, Amar AP. Commentary: Trends in the Use of Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson Disease. Neurosurgery. 2018 Dec 01; 83(6):E244-E256. PMID: 30272213.
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    6. Ravina K, Strickland BA, Rennert RC, Chien M, Mack WJ, Amar AP, Russin JJ. A3-A3 Anastomosis in the Management of Complex Anterior Cerebral Artery Aneurysms: Experience With in Situ Bypass and Lessons Learned From Pseudoaneurysm Cases. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2018 Nov 21. PMID: 30462326.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Buchanan IA, Lin M, Donoho DA, Patel A, Ding L, Amar AP, Giannotta SL, Mack WJ, Attenello F. Predictors of Venous Thromboembolism After Nonemergent Craniotomy: A Nationwide Readmission Database Analysis. World Neurosurg. 2019 Feb; 122:e1102-e1110. PMID: 30465948.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Ravina K, Strickland BA, Rennert RC, Fredrickson V, Bakhsheshian J, Chien M, Mack W, Amar A, Russin JJ. Fusiform vertebral artery aneurysms involving the posterior inferior cerebellar artery origin associated with the sole angiographic anterior spinal artery origin: technical case report and treatment paradigm proposal. J Neurosurg. 2018 10 01; 1-7. PMID: 30485231.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Rennert RC, Strickland BA, Ravina K, Bakhsheshian J, Fredrickson V, Tenser M, Amar A, Mack W, Carey J, Russin JJ. Efficacy and Outcomes of Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery (PICA) Bypass for Proximal PICA and Vertebral Artery-PICA Aneurysms: A Case Series. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2018 Oct 01; 15(4):395-403. PMID: 29444270.
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    10. Donoho DA, Patel A, Buchanan IA, Chow F, Ding L, Amar AP, Attenello F, Mack WJ. Treatment at Safety-Net Hospitals Is Associated with Delays in Coil Embolization in Patients with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. World Neurosurg. 2018 Dec; 120:e434-e439. PMID: 30205228.
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    11. Strickland BA, Bakhsheshian J, Rennert RC, Fredrickson VL, Lam J, Amar A, Mack W, Carey J, Russin JJ. Descending Branch of the Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery Graft for Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Revascularization. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2018 Sep 01; 15(3):285-291. PMID: 30125010.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Bakhsheshian J, Ding L, Tang A, Wen T, Patel A, Strickland BA, Rennert RC, Amar A, Gruen P, Giannotta S, Mack WJ, Attenello FJ. Safety-Net Hospitals Have Higher Complication and Mortality Rates in the Neurosurgical Management of Traumatic Brain Injuries. World Neurosurg. 2018 Nov; 119:e284-e293. PMID: 30055361.
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    13. Strickland BA, Rennert RC, Bakhsheshian J, Bulic S, Correa AJ, Amar A, Carey J, Russin JJ. Botulinum toxin to improve vessel graft patency in cerebral revascularization surgery: report of 3 cases. J Neurosurg. 2018 Feb 01; 1-7. PMID: 29498577.
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    14. Buchanan IA, Lee B, Amar AP, Giannotta SL. In situ administration of abciximab for thrombus resolution during intracranial bypass surgery: case report. J Neurosurg. 2018 Jan 19; 130(1):268-272. PMID: 29350605.
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    15. Amar AP, Sagare AP, Zhao Z, Wang Y, Nelson AR, Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV. Can adjunctive therapies augment the efficacy of endovascular thrombolysis? A potential role for activated protein C. Neuropharmacology. 2018 05 15; 134(Pt B):293-301. PMID: 28923278.
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    16. Dabus G, Brinjikji W, Amar AP, Delgado Almandoz JE, Diaz OM, Jabbour P, Hanel R, Hui F, Kelly M, Layton KF, Miller JW, Levy EI, Moran CJ, Suh DC, Woo H, Sellar R, Hoh B, Evans A, Kallmes DF. Angiographic and clinical outcomes of balloon remodeling versus unassisted coil embolization in the ruptured aneurysm cohort of the GEL THE NEC study. J Neurointerv Surg. 2018 May; 10(5):446-450. PMID: 28821627.
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    17. Vecchiarelli K, Amar AP, Emanuele D. Increasing awareness with recognition of pulsatile tinnitus for nurse practitioners in the primary care setting: A case study. J Am Assoc Nurse Pract. 2017 Sep; 29(9):506-513. PMID: 28703487.
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    18. Fredrickson VL, Russin JJ, Strickland BA, Bakhsheshian J, Amar AP. Intraoperative Imaging for Vascular Lesions. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2017 Oct; 28(4):603-613. PMID: 28917288.
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    19. Babadjouni RM, Walcott BP, Liu Q, Tenser MS, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Neuroprotective delivery platforms as an adjunct to mechanical thrombectomy. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr; 42(4):E4. PMID: 28366053.
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    20. Wen T, Attenello FJ, Cen SY, Khalessi AA, Kim-Tenser M, Sanossian N, Giannotta SL, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Impact of the 2003 ACGME Resident Duty Hour Reform on Hospital-Acquired Conditions: A National Retrospective Analysis. J Grad Med Educ. 2017 Apr; 9(2):215-221. PMID: 28439356.
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    21. Brinjikji W, Amar AP, Delgado Almandoz JE, Diaz O, Jabbour P, Hanel R, Hui F, Kelly M, Layton KD, Miller JW, Levy E, Moran C, Suh DC, Woo H, Sellar R, Ho B, Evans A, Kallmes DF. GEL THE NEC: a prospective registry evaluating the safety, ease of use, and efficacy of the HydroSoft coil as a finishing device. J Neurointerv Surg. 2018 Jan; 10(1):83-87. PMID: 28138062.
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    22. Poblete R, Zheng L, Raghavan R, Cen S, Amar A, Sanossian N, Mack W, Kim-Tenser M. Trends in Ventriculostomy-Associated Infections and Mortality in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Data From the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. World Neurosurg. 2017 Mar; 99:599-604. PMID: 28034809.
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    23. Inouye S, Jin D, Cen S, Nguyen P, Renda N, Amar AP, Mack WJ, Kim-Tenser MA. Trends in the use of pulmonary artery catheterization in the aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage population. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Sep; 31:133-6. PMID: 27068011.
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    24. Attenello F, Amar AP, Liu C, Apuzzo ML. Theoretical Basis of Vagus Nerve Stimulation. Prog Neurol Surg. 2015; 29:20-8. PMID: 26393349.
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    25. Amar AP, Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV. Combined neurothrombectomy or thrombolysis with adjunctive delivery of 3K3A-activated protein C in acute ischemic stroke. Front Cell Neurosci. 2015; 9:344. PMID: 26388732; PMCID: PMC4556986.
    26. Russin JJ, Kramer DR, Thomas D, Hasson D, Liu CY, Amar AP, Mack WJ, Giannotta SL. The importance of preoperative diagnosis of blister aneurysms. J Clin Neurosci. 2015 Sep; 22(9):1408-12. PMID: 25960141.
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    27. Attenello FJ, Wen T, Cen SY, Ng A, Kim-Tenser M, Sanossian N, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Incidence of "never events" among weekend admissions versus weekday admissions to US hospitals: national analysis. BMJ. 2015 Apr 15; 350:h1460. PMID: 25876878; PMCID: PMC4398994.
    28. Attenello FJ, Ng A, Wen T, Cen SY, Sanossian N, Amar AP, Zada G, Krieger MD, McComb JG, Mack WJ. Racial and socioeconomic disparities in outcomes following pediatric cerebrospinal fluid shunt procedures. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 Jun; 15(6):560-6. PMID: 25791773.
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    29. Pouw AE, Rabin RL, Karanjia R, Bababeygy SR, Amar AP, Sadun AA. Angioarchitectural evolution of clival dural arteriovenous fistulas in two patients. Case Rep Ophthalmol. 2015 Jan-Apr; 6(1):93-100. PMID: 25873894.
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    30. Attenello FJ, Reid P, Wen T, Cen S, Kim-Tenser M, Sanossian N, Russin J, Amar A, Giannotta S, Mack WJ, Tenser M. Evaluation of time to aneurysm treatment following subarachnoid hemorrhage: comparison of patients treated with clipping versus coiling. J Neurointerv Surg. 2016 Apr; 8(4):373-7. PMID: 25765950.
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    31. Torbey MT, Bösel J, Rhoney DH, Rincon F, Staykov D, Amar AP, Varelas PN, Jüttler E, Olson D, Huttner HB, Zweckberger K, Sheth KN, Dohmen C, Brambrink AM, Mayer SA, Zaidat OO, Hacke W, Schwab S. Evidence-based guidelines for the management of large hemispheric infarction : a statement for health care professionals from the Neurocritical Care Society and the German Society for Neuro-intensive Care and Emergency Medicine. Neurocrit Care. 2015 Feb; 22(1):146-64. PMID: 25605626.
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    32. Attenello FJ, Wang K, Wen T, Cen SY, Kim-Tenser M, Amar AP, Sanossian N, Giannotta SL, Mack WJ. Health disparities in time to aneurysm clipping/coiling among aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients: a national study. World Neurosurg. 2014 Dec; 82(6):1071-6. PMID: 25175276.
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    33. Lee B, Mehta VA, Mack WJ, Tenser MS, Amar AP. Balloon-assisted transarterial embolization of type 1 spinal dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul; 37(1 Suppl):1. PMID: 24983724.
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    34. Lee B, Mehta VA, Amar AP, Tenser MS, Mack WJ. Transarterial embolization of an anterior fossa cranial base dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jul; 37(1 Suppl):1. PMID: 24983725.
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    35. Wen T, Attenello FJ, He S, Cen Y, Kim-Tenser MA, Sanossian N, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Racial and socioeconomic disparities in incidence of hospital-acquired complications following cerebrovascular procedures. Neurosurgery. 2014 Jul; 75(1):43-50. PMID: 24662507.
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    36. Wen T, He S, Attenello F, Cen SY, Kim-Tenser M, Adamczyk P, Amar AP, Sanossian N, Mack WJ. The impact of patient age and comorbidities on the occurrence of "never events" in cerebrovascular surgery: an analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. J Neurosurg. 2014 Sep; 121(3):580-6. PMID: 24972123.
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    37. Ferreira R, Santos T, Amar A, Gong A, Chen TC, Tahara SM, Giannotta SL, Hofman FM. Argonaute-2 promotes miR-18a entry in human brain endothelial cells. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014 May 16; 3(3):e000968. PMID: 24837588.
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    38. Ferreira R, Santos T, Amar A, Tahara SM, Chen TC, Giannotta SL, Hofman FM. MicroRNA-18a improves human cerebral arteriovenous malformation endothelial cell function. Stroke. 2014 Jan; 45(1):293-7. PMID: 24203843.
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    39. Akins PT, Amar AP, Pakbaz RS, Fields JD. Complications of endovascular treatment for acute stroke in the SWIFT trial with solitaire and Merci devices. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2014 Mar; 35(3):524-8. PMID: 24029392.
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    40. He S, Russin JJ, Adamczyk P, Giannotta SL, Amar AP, Mack WJ. A persistent primitive hypoglossal artery arising from the external carotid artery associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage. World Neurosurg. 2014 Jul-Aug; 82(1-2):239.e1-3. PMID: 23851212.
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    41. Kramer DR, Winer JL, Pease BA, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Cerebral vasospasm in traumatic brain injury. Neurol Res Int. 2013; 2013:415813. PMID: 23862062.
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    42. Attenello FJ, Adamczyk P, Wen G, He S, Zhang K, Russin JJ, Sanossian N, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Racial and socioeconomic disparities in access to mechanical revascularization procedures for acute ischemic stroke. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2014 Feb; 23(2):327-34. PMID: 23680690.
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    43. Adamczyk P, He S, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Medical Management of Cerebral Vasospasm following Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Review of Current and Emerging Therapeutic Interventions. Neurol Res Int. 2013; 2013:462491. PMID: 23691312.
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    44. Tuchman A, Khalessi AA, Attenello FJ, Amar AP, Zada G. Delayed cavernous carotid artery pseudoaneurysm caused by absorbable plate following transsphenoidal surgery: case report and review of the literature. J Neurol Surg Rep. 2013 Jun; 74(1):10-6. PMID: 23943714; PMCID: PMC3713556.
    45. Mehta V, Russin J, Spirtos A, He S, Adamczyk P, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Matrix Metalloproteinases in Cerebral Vasospasm following Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Neurol Res Int. 2013; 2013:943761. PMID: 23691315.
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    46. Amar AP. Neurosurgery in India: past as prologue. World Neurosurg. 2013 May-Jun; 79(5-6):613-4. PMID: 23507299.
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    47. Mills JN, Mehta V, Russin J, Amar AP, Rajamohan A, Mack WJ. Advanced imaging modalities in the detection of cerebral vasospasm. Neurol Res Int. 2013; 2013:415960. PMID: 23476766.
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    48. Russin JJ, Attenello FJ, Amar AP, Liu CY, Apuzzo ML, Hsieh PC. Computed tomography for clearance of cervical spine injury in the unevaluable patient. World Neurosurg. 2013 Sep-Oct; 80(3-4):405-13. PMID: 23321374.
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    49. Adamczyk P, Attenello F, Wen G, He S, Russin J, Sanossian N, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Mechanical thrombectomy in acute stroke: utilization variances and impact of procedural volume on inpatient mortality. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2013 Nov; 22(8):1263-9. PMID: 23017430.
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    50. Adamczyk P, Amar AP, Mack WJ, Larsen DW. Recurrence of "cured" dural arteriovenous fistulas after Onyx embolization. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May; 32(5):E12. PMID: 22537121.
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    51. Amar AP, Newell DW. Vascular fistulas of the brain and spinal cord. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 May; 32(5):Introduction. PMID: 22537136.
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    52. Amar AP. Controversies in the neurosurgical management of cerebellar hemorrhage and infarction. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Apr; 32(4):E1. PMID: 22463111.
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    53. Tenser MS, Amar AP, Mack WJ. Mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke using the MERCI retriever and penumbra aspiration systems. World Neurosurg. 2011 Dec; 76(6 Suppl):S16-23. PMID: 22182267.
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    54. Amar AP. Brain and vascular imaging of acute stroke. World Neurosurg. 2011 Dec; 76(6 Suppl):S3-8. PMID: 22182269.
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    55. Yashar P, Amar AP, Giannotta SL, Yu C, Pagnini PG, Liu CY, Apuzzo ML. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations: issues of the interplay between stereotactic radiosurgery and endovascular surgical therapy. World Neurosurg. 2011 May-Jun; 75(5-6):638-47. PMID: 21704930.
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    56. Levy ML, Levy KM, Hoff D, Amar AP, Park MS, Conklin JM, Baird L, Apuzzo ML. Vagus nerve stimulation therapy in patients with autism spectrum disorder and intractable epilepsy: results from the vagus nerve stimulation therapy patient outcome registry. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2010 Jun; 5(6):595-602. PMID: 20515333.
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    57. Hoh DJ, Hoh BL, Amar AP, Wang MY. Shape memory alloys: metallurgy, biocompatibility, and biomechanics for neurosurgical applications. Neurosurgery. 2009 May; 64(5 Suppl 2):199-214; discussion 214-5. PMID: 19404101.
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    58. Heller AC, Amar AP, Liu CY, Apuzzo ML. Surgery of the mind and mood: a mosaic of issues in time and evolution. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jun; 62(6 Suppl 3):921-40. PMID: 18695579.
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    59. Amar AP, Apuzzo ML, Liu CY. Vagus nerve stimulation therapy after failed cranial surgery for intractable epilepsy: results from the vagus nerve stimulation therapy patient outcome registry. Neurosurgery. 2008 Feb; 62 Suppl 2:506-13. PMID: 18596453.
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    60. Amar AP. Vagus nerve stimulation for the treatment of intractable epilepsy. Expert Rev Neurother. 2007 Dec; 7(12):1763-73. PMID: 18052768.
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    61. Amar AP, Teitelbaum GP, Larsen DW. A novel technique and new grading scale for the embolization of cerebral vascular malformations. Neurosurgery. 2006 Nov; 59(5 Suppl 3):S158-62; discussion S3-13. PMID: 17053599.
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    62. Heller AC, Amar AP, Liu CY, Apuzzo ML. Surgery of the mind and mood: a mosaic of issues in time and evolution. Neurosurgery. 2006 Oct; 59(4):720-33; discussion 733-9. PMID: 17038938.
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    63. Ozturk AK, Nahed BV, Bydon M, Bilguvar K, Goksu E, Bademci G, Guclu B, Johnson MH, Amar A, Lifton RP, Gunel M. Molecular genetic analysis of two large kindreds with intracranial aneurysms demonstrates linkage to 11q24-25 and 14q23-31. Stroke. 2006 Apr; 37(4):1021-7. PMID: 16497978.
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    64. Nicholls TP, Shoemaker WC, Wo CC, Gruen JP, Amar A, Dang AB. Survival, hemodynamics, and tissue oxygenation after head trauma. J Am Coll Surg. 2006 Jan; 202(1):120-30. PMID: 16377505.
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    65. Nahed BV, DiLuna ML, Morgan T, Ocal E, Hawkins AA, Ozduman K, Kahle KT, Chamberlain A, Amar AP, Gunel M. Hypertension, age, and location predict rupture of small intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2005 Oct; 57(4):676-83; discussion 676-83. PMID: 16239879.
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    66. Aryan HE, Amar AP, Ozgur BM, Levy ML. Gunshot wounds to the spine in adolescents. Neurosurgery. 2005 Oct; 57(4):748-52; discussion 748-52. PMID: 16239887.
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    67. Amar AP, Larsen DW, Teitelbaum GP. Percutaneous spinal interventions. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2005 Jul; 16(3):561-8, vii. PMID: 15990045.
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    68. Chakrabarti I, Amar AP, Couldwell W, Weiss MH. Long-term neurological, visual, and endocrine outcomes following transnasal resection of craniopharyngioma. J Neurosurg. 2005 Apr; 102(4):650-7. PMID: 15871507.
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    69. Amar AP, Apuzzo ML, Liu CY. Vagus nerve stimulation therapy after failed cranial surgery for intractable epilepsy: results from the vagus nerve stimulation therapy patient outcome registry. Neurosurgery. 2004 Nov; 55(5):1086-93. PMID: 15509315.
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    70. Levy ML, Meltzer HS, Hughes S, Aryan HE, Yoo K, Amar AP. Hydrocephalus in children with middle fossa arachnoid cysts. J Neurosurg. 2004 Aug; 101(1 Suppl):25-31. PMID: 16206968.
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    71. Amar AP, Larsen DW, Teitelbaum GP. Use of a screw-syringe injector for cement delivery during kyphoplasty: technical report. Neurosurgery. 2003 Aug; 53(2):380-2; discussion 383. PMID: 12925255.
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    72. Amar AP, Aryan HE, Meltzer HS, Levy ML. Neonatal subgaleal hematoma causing brain compression: report of two cases and review of the literature. Neurosurgery. 2003 Jun; 52(6):1470-4; discussion 1474. PMID: 12762894.
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    73. Amar AP, Zlokovic BV, Apuzzo ML. Endovascular restorative neurosurgery: a novel concept for molecular and cellular therapy of the nervous system. Neurosurgery. 2003 Feb; 52(2):402-12; discussion 412-3. PMID: 12535371.
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    74. Amar AP, Weiss MH. Pituitary anatomy and physiology. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2003 Jan; 14(1):11-23, v. PMID: 12690976.
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    75. Amar AP, Apuzzo ML. Vagus nerve stimulation therapy for patients with persistent seizures after epilepsy surgery. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2003; 80(1-4):9-13. PMID: 14745201.
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    76. Amar AP, Couldwell WT, Chen JC, Weiss MH. Predictive value of serum prolactin levels measured immediately after transsphenoidal surgery. J Neurosurg. 2002 Aug; 97(2):307-14. PMID: 12186458.
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    77. Amar AP, Teitelbaum GP, Giannotta SL, Larsen DW. Covered stent-graft repair of the brachiocephalic arteries: technical note. Neurosurgery. 2002 Jul; 51(1):247-52; discussion 252-3. PMID: 12182427.
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    78. Apuzzo ML, Liker MA, Amar AP. Honored guest presentation: neurorestoration and the emergence of molecular and cellular neurosurgery. Clin Neurosurg. 2002; 49:274-315. PMID: 12506560.
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    79. Amar AP, Larsen DW, Esnaashari N, Albuquerque FC, Lavine SD, Teitelbaum GP. Percutaneous transpedicular polymethylmethacrylate vertebroplasty for the treatment of spinal compression fractures. Neurosurgery. 2001 Nov; 49(5):1105-14; discussion 1114-5. PMID: 11846904.
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    80. Amar AP, Larsen DW, Teitelbaum GP. Percutaneous carotid angioplasty and stenting with the use of gadolinium in lieu of iodinated contrast medium: technical case report and review of the literature. Neurosurgery. 2001 Nov; 49(5):1262-5; discussion 1265-6. PMID: 11846923.
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    81. de Carvalho MB, Lenzi J, Lehn CN, Fava AS, Amar A, Kanda JL, Walder F, Menezes MB, Franzi SA, de Magalhães MR, Curioni OA, Marcel R, Szeliga S, Sobrinho J, Rapoport A. [Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity in women]. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2001 Jul-Sep; 47(3):208-14. PMID: 11723500.
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    82. Amar AP, Wang MY, Larsen DW, Teitelbaum GP. Microcatheterization of the cervical epidural space via lumbar puncture: technical note. Neurosurgery. 2001 May; 48(5):1183-7. PMID: 11334291.
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    83. Shibata M, Kumar SR, Amar A, Fernandez JA, Hofman F, Griffin JH, Zlokovic BV. Anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, and neuroprotective effects of activated protein C in a murine model of focal ischemic stroke. Circulation. 2001 Apr 03; 103(13):1799-805. PMID: 11282913.
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    84. Amar AP, Levy ML, McComb JG, Apuzzo ML. Vagus nerve stimulation for control of intractable seizures in childhood. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2001 Apr; 34(4):218-23. PMID: 11359116.
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    85. Amar AP, Ghosh S, Apuzzo ML. Treatment of central nervous system infections: a neurosurgical perspective. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 2000 May; 10(2):445-59. PMID: 10775961.
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    86. Amar AP, Levy ML, Weiss MH. A quick, simple, and inexpensive method of surgical navigation for superficial intracranial targets. Surg Neurol. 1999 Nov; 52(5):530-1. PMID: 10595775.
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    87. Chen JC, Amar AP, Levy ML, Apuzzo ML. The development of anatomic art and sciences: the ceroplastica anatomic models of La Specola. Neurosurgery. 1999 Oct; 45(4):883-91; discussion 891-2. PMID: 10515484.
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    88. Amar AP, Hinton DR, Krieger MD, Weiss MH. Invasive pituitary adenomas: significance of proliferation parameters. Pituitary. 1999 Aug; 2(2):117-22. PMID: 11081161.
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    89. Amar AP, Heck CN, DeGiorgio CM, Apuzzo ML. Experience with vagus nerve stimulation for intractable epilepsy: some questions and answers. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 1999 Jul; 39(7):489-95. PMID: 10437376.
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    90. Amar A, Rapoport A, Rosas MP. Evaluation of lymph node reactivity in differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Sao Paulo Med J. 1999 May 06; 117(3):125-8. PMID: 10511731.
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    91. Amar AP, Levy ML. Surgical controversies in the management of spinal cord injury. J Am Coll Surg. 1999 May; 188(5):550-66. PMID: 10235586.
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    92. Amar AP, Levy ML. Pathogenesis and pharmacological strategies for mitigating secondary damage in acute spinal cord injury. Neurosurgery. 1999 May; 44(5):1027-39; discussion 1039-40. PMID: 10232536.
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    93. Levy ML, Chen JC, Amar AP, Yamada S, Togo K, Iizuka Y, Assifi MM. Virtual endoscopic environments in modern neurosurgical practice. Neurosurg Focus. 1999 Apr 15; 6(4):e11. PMID: 16681351.
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    94. Amar AP, Sullivan D. Gutenberg's Bible: past as prologue. Neurosurgery. 1999 Jan; 44(1):2-4. PMID: 9894956.
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    95. Amar AP, DeGiorgio CM, Tarver WB, Apuzzo ML. Long-term multicenter experience with vagus nerve stimulation for intractable partial seizures: results of the XE5 trial. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 1999; 73(1-4):104-8. PMID: 10853111.
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    96. Amar AP, Heck CN, Levy ML, Smith T, DeGiorgio CM, Oviedo S, Apuzzo ML. An institutional experience with cervical vagus nerve trunk stimulation for medically refractory epilepsy: rationale, technique, and outcome. Neurosurgery. 1998 Dec; 43(6):1265-76; discussion 1276-80. PMID: 9848840.
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    97. Amar AP, Levy ML, Giannotta SL. Iatrogenic vertebrobasilar insufficiency after surgery of the subclavian or brachial artery: review of three cases. Neurosurgery. 1998 Dec; 43(6):1450-7; discussion 1457-8. PMID: 9848860.
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    98. Slavin S, Nagler A, Naparstek E, Kapelushnik Y, Aker M, Cividalli G, Varadi G, Kirschbaum M, Ackerstein A, Samuel S, Amar A, Brautbar C, Ben-Tal O, Eldor A, Or R. Nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation and cell therapy as an alternative to conventional bone marrow transplantation with lethal cytoreduction for the treatment of malignant and nonmalignant hematologic diseases. Blood. 1998 Feb 01; 91(3):756-63. PMID: 9446633.
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    99. Levy ML, Amar AP. The use of oxidized regenerated cellulose in neurosurgical procedures. Surg Technol Int. 1998; 7:467-71. PMID: 12722015.
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    100. Amar AP, DeArmond SJ, Spencer DR, Coopersmith PF, Ramos DM, Rosenblum ML. Development of an in vitro extracellular matrix assay for studies of brain tumor cell invasion. J Neurooncol. 1994; 20(1):1-15. PMID: 7807179.
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    101. Amar A, Gouffrant JM, Marry JP, Jougon J, Coicaud MA. [Anatomic pecularities of the inguinal canal in West Indians. Influence on the management of inguinal hernia]. J Chir (Paris). 1990 Apr; 127(4):216-9. PMID: 2193935.
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    102. Tran ba Huy P, Levy C, Houlbert D, Amar A, Wassef M, Caporal R, Guillausseau PJ, Segrestaa JM. [Surgical treatment of Basedow's disease. II--Evaluation of 36 subtotal thyroidectomies]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac. 1984; 101(7):515-22. PMID: 6548888.
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