Steven L Giannotta, MD

Title(s)Chair and Professor of Neurological Surgery, Dr. Martin Weiss Chair in Neurological Surgery
AddressGNH 3300
Off Campus
Los Angeles CA 90089-9314
Phone+1 323 409 7422
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    Steven L. Giannotta M.D., Chair of Neurological Surgery, joined the Department of Neurosurgery at USC in 1980.

    His research interests have always been related to cerebral blood flow and cerebral protection from ischemia. Based on some preliminary studies done in primates early in his career it was discovered that cerebral blood flow could be augmented by various manipulations of the cardiovascular system. This resulted in the adaptation of such techniques in the clinical realm especially as an effective means of counteracting the ischemic effects of cerebral vasospasm. This program ultimately evolved into what has come to be recognized as "hyperdynamic therapy". Subsequently his clinical interests have related to various surgical approaches to intracranial vascular and cranial base neoplastic disease. Recently his attention has turned to looking at ethnic differences in the presentation of cerebral vascular disorders.

    Dr. Giannotta has gained recognition for his work in cerebrovascular disease of the brain and spinal cord. He has surgically treated over 1000 intracranial aneurysms. In conjunction with his associates Dr. Giannotta has developed a comprehensive approach to the gamut of cerebrovascular conditions. Techniques utilized in this comprehensive program include but are not limited to microsurgical clip ligation for aneurysms, coil embolization for aneurysms, microvascular excision, embolization, stereotactic radiosurgery using the Gamma Knife for arteriovenous malformations, carotid endarterectomy and extracranial to intracranial bypass procedures for cerebrovascular occlusive disease.

    Dr. Giannotta also has an interest and special expertise in surgical approaches to the cranial base. He has surgically removed more than 400 acoustic neuromas and along with several colleagues in otolaryngology has developed a team approach to complex cranial base lesions including acoustic neuromas, meningiomas of the cranial base, complex aneurysms that require cranial base approaches and other benign conditions affecting the base of the brain and skull. Complex conditions may require several modes of therapy including surgical excision, embolization, and stereotactic radiosurgery using the Gamma Knife and Cyberknife.

    Dr. Giannotta earned his medical degree and did his residency at University of Michigan.

    He is involved in many local, national and international committees and organizations.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Utilization of Discarded Surgical Tissue from Ultrasonic Aspirators to Establish Patient-Derived Metastatic Brain Tumor Cells: A Guide from the Operating Room to the Research Laboratory. Curr Protoc. 2021 Jun; 1(6):e140. Martirosian V, Deshpande K, Lin M, Jarvis C, Yuan E, Chen TC, Zada G, Giannotta SL, Attenello FJ, Chow F, Neman J. PMID: 34170630.
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    2. Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Atypical (World Health Organization II) and Anaplastic (World Health Organization III) Meningiomas: Results From a Multicenter, International Cohort Study. Neurosurgery. 2021 04 15; 88(5):980-988. Shepard MJ, Xu Z, Kearns K, Li C, Chatrath A, Sheehan K, Sheehan D, Faramand A, Niranjan A, Kano H, Gurewitz J, Bernstein K, Liscak R, Guseynova K, Grills IS, Parzen JS, Cifarelli CP, Rehman AA, Atik A, Bakhsheshian J, Zada G, Chang E, Giannotta S, Speckter H, Wu HM, Kondziolka D, Golfinos JG, Mathieu D, Lee CC, Warnick RE, Lunsford LD, Sheehan JP. PMID: 33469655.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    3. Tracking Scan to Incision Time in Patients with Emergent Operative Traumatic Brain Injuries as a Measure for Systems-Based Practice in Neurosurgical Trainees. World Neurosurg. 2021 May; 149:e491-e497. Bonney PA, Gallant RE, Briggs RG, Zada G, Mack WJ, Giannotta SL. PMID: 33556603.
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    4. Treatment of WHO Grade 2 Meningiomas With Stereotactic Radiosurgery: Identification of an Optimal Group for SRS Using RPA. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2021 Jul 01; 110(3):804-814. Kowalchuk RO, Shepard MJ, Sheehan K, Sheehan D, Faramand A, Niranjan A, Kano H, Gurewitz J, Bernstein K, Liscak R, Guseynova K, Grills IS, Parzen JS, Cifarelli CP, Rehman AA, Atik A, Bakhsheshian J, Zada G, Chang E, Giannotta S, Speckter H, Wu HM, Kondziolka D, Mathieu D, Lee CC, Warnick RE, Lunsford LD, Trifiletti DM, Sheehan JP. PMID: 33548341.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Neuroprotective effect of minocycline against acute brain injury in clinical practice: A systematic review. J Clin Neurosci. 2021 Apr; 86:50-57. Strickland BA, Bakhsheshian J, Emmanuel B, Amar A, Giannotta SL, Russin JJ, Mack W. PMID: 33775346.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    6. Epigenetic modulator inhibition overcomes temozolomide chemoresistance and antagonizes tumor recurrence of glioblastoma. J Clin Invest. 2020 11 02; 130(11):5782-5799. Moon BS, Cai M, Lee G, Zhao T, Song X, Giannotta SL, Attenello FJ, Yu M, Lu W. PMID: 33016927.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    7. Risk Factors for Cerebral Vasospasm in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Population-Based Study of 8346 Patients. World Neurosurg. 2021 01; 145:e233-e241. Rumalla K, Lin M, Ding L, Gaddis M, Giannotta SL, Attenello FJ, Mack WJ. PMID: 33049382.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Rate of Intracranial Hemorrhage After Minor Head Injury. Cureus. 2020 Sep 25; 12(9):e10653. Bonney PA, Briggs A, Briggs RG, Jarvis CA, Attenello F, Giannotta SL. PMID: 33133823.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    9. Readmission with venous thromboembolism after surgical treatment by primary cancer site. Surg Oncol. 2020 Dec; 35:268-275. Jarvis CA, Bonney PA, Ding L, Tang AM, Giannotta SL, Kim AW, Mack WJ, Attenello FJ. PMID: 32942082.
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    10. Comorbid depression associated with non-routine discharge following craniotomy for low-grade gliomas and benign tumors - a nationwide readmission database analysis. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2020 11; 162(11):2671-2681. Jarvis CA, Lin M, Ding L, Julian A, Giannotta SL, Zada G, Mack WJ, Attenello FJ. PMID: 32876766.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Predictors of readmission after craniotomy for meningioma resection: a nationwide readmission database analysis. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2020 11; 162(11):2637-2646. Lin M, Min E, Orloff EA, Ding L, Youssef KSR, Hu JS, Giannotta SL, Mack WJ, Attenello FJ. PMID: 32779026.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. miR-18a Inhibits BMP4 and HIF-1a Normalizing Brain Arteriovenous Malformations. Circ Res. 2020 10 09; 127(9):e210-e231. Marín-Ramos NI, Thein TZ, Ghaghada KB, Chen TC, Giannotta SL, Hofman FM. PMID: 32755283.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    13. Letter to the Editor. Management of petroclival meningioma. J Neurosurg. 2020 Jul 31; 1-3. Strickland BA, Wedemeyer M, Sizdahkhani S, Giannotta SL. PMID: 32736361.
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    14. Effectiveness of Gamma Knife Radiosurgery in the Treatment of Refractory Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Case Series. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2020 06 01; 18(6):571-576. Tavakol S, Jackanich A, Strickland BA, Marietta M, Ravina K, Yu C, Chang EL, Giannotta S, Zada G. PMID: 31620790.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Discrepancy in Neurologic Outcomes Following Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage as a Function of Socioeconomic Class. World Neurosurg. 2020 06; 138:e787-e794. Strickland BA, Mert M, Ravina K, Chartrain A, Rennert RC, Bakhsheshian J, Shahrestani S, Jackanich A, Amar A, Mack W, Russin JJ, Giannotta SL. PMID: 32217180.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Use of Salvage Surgery or Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Multiply Recurrent Skull Base Chordomas: A Single-Institution Experience and Review of the Literature. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2021 Apr; 82(2):161-174. Yoo SK, Strickland BA, Zada G, Bian SX, Garsa A, Ye JC, Yu C, Weiss MH, Wrobel BB, Giannotta S, Chang EL. PMID: 33777630.
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    17. Simulation of Dural Repair in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery With the Use of a Perfusion-Based Cadaveric Model. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2019 12 01; 17(6):616-621. Buchanan IA, Min E, Pham MH, Donoho DA, Bakhsheshian J, Minneti M, Zada G, Giannotta SL, Hsieh PC, Liu JC. PMID: 30924502.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Surgical Closed Suction Drain Use After Craniotomy for Evacuation of Supratentorial Epidural Hematomas: A Case Series of Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes. World Neurosurg. 2020 Feb; 134:e460-e468. Bonney PA, Fujii T, Jarvis CA, Pham MH, Giannotta SL. PMID: 31669243.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Increased complication and mortality among non-index hospital readmissions after brain tumor resection is associated with low-volume readmitting hospitals. J Neurosurg. 2019 Oct 04; 1-13. Jarvis CA, Bakhsheshian J, Ding L, Wen T, Tang AM, Yuan E, Giannotta SL, Mack WJ, Attenello FJ. PMID: 31585421.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    20. Tumor. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2019 Aug 01; 17(Suppl 2):S119-S152. Elder JB, Sherman JH, Prevedello DM, Szerlip NJ, Spratt DE, Shaikhouni A, Mohyeldin A, Perez-Roman RJ, Buttrick SS, Ali SC, Komotar RJ, Todeschini A, Shahein M, Revuelta JM, Hardesty D, Carrau RL, Zada G, Giannotta S, Dornbos D, Lonser RR. PMID: 31099848.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Nonindex Readmission After Ruptured Brain Aneurysm Treatment Is Associated with Higher Morbidity and Repeat Readmission. World Neurosurg. 2019 Oct; 130:e753-e759. Tang AM, Bakhsheshian J, Ding L, Jarvis CA, Yuan E, Strickland B, Giannotta SL, Amar A, Attenello FJ, Mack WJ. PMID: 31284063.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Commentary: Modern Training and Credentialing in Neuroendovascular Acute Ischemic Stroke Therapy. Neurosurgery. 2019 07 01; 85(suppl_1):S58-S59. Day AL, Branch CL, Giannotta SL. PMID: 31197343.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Early Readmission After Ventricular Shunting in Adults with Hydrocephalus: A Nationwide Readmission Database Analysis. World Neurosurg. 2019 Aug; 128:e38-e50. Donoho DA, Buchanan IA, Patel A, Ding L, Cen S, Wen T, Giannotta SL, Attenello F, Mack WJ. PMID: 30930319.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Intentional Subtotal Resection of Vestibular Schwannoma: A Reexamination. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2020 Apr; 81(2):136-141. Strickland BA, Ravina K, Rennert RC, Jackanich A, Aaron K, Bakhsheshian J, Russin JJ, Friedman RA, Giannotta SL. PMID: 32206531.
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    25. Ruptured Mycotic Aneurysm of the Distal Circulation in a Patient with Mucormycosis Without Direct Skull Base Extension: Case Report. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2019 03 01; 16(3):E101-E107. Rangwala SD, Strickland BA, Rennert RC, Ravina K, Bakhsheshian J, Hurth K, Giannotta SL, Russin JJ. PMID: 29800469.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Increased Hospital Surgical Volume Reduces Rate of 30- and 90-Day Readmission After Acoustic Neuroma Surgery. Neurosurgery. 2019 03 01; 84(3):726-732. Babadjouni R, Wen T, Donoho DA, Buchanan IA, Cen SY, Friedman RA, Amar A, Russin JJ, Giannotta SL, Mack WJ, Attenello FJ. PMID: 29889284.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Venous Thromboembolism After Degenerative Spine Surgery: A Nationwide Readmissions Database Analysis. World Neurosurg. 2019 05; 125:e165-e174. Buchanan IA, Lin M, Donoho DA, Ding L, Giannotta SL, Attenello F, Mack WJ, Liu JC. PMID: 30684695.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Prospective clinical validation of a meningioma consistency grading scheme: association with surgical outcomes and extent of tumor resection. J Neurosurg. 2018 Dec 01; 1-5. Itamura K, Chang KE, Lucas J, Donoho DA, Giannotta S, Zada G. PMID: 30554187.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    29. Predictors of Venous Thromboembolism After Nonemergent Craniotomy: A Nationwide Readmission Database Analysis. World Neurosurg. 2019 Feb; 122:e1102-e1110. Buchanan IA, Lin M, Donoho DA, Patel A, Ding L, Amar AP, Giannotta SL, Mack WJ, Attenello F. PMID: 30465948.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Long-Term Tumor Control Rates Following Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Acoustic Neuroma. World Neurosurg. 2019 Feb; 122:366-371. Tucker DW, Gogia AS, Donoho DA, Yim B, Yu C, Fredrickson VL, Chang EL, Freidman RA, Zada G, Giannotta SL. PMID: 30447465.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Factors associated with burnout among US neurosurgery residents: a nationwide survey. J Neurosurg. 2018 11 01; 129(5):1349-1363. Attenello FJ, Buchanan IA, Wen T, Donoho DA, McCartney S, Cen SY, Khalessi AA, Cohen-Gadol AA, Cheng JS, Mack WJ, Schirmer CM, Swartz KR, Prall JA, Stroink AR, Giannotta SL, Klimo P. PMID: 29424650.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. State of the Union in Open Neurovascular Training. World Neurosurg. 2019 02; 122:e553-e560. Fredrickson VL, Strickland BA, Ravina K, Rennert RC, Donoho DA, Buchanan IA, Russin JJ, Mack WJ, Giannotta SL. PMID: 31108071.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Predictors of Surgical Site Infection After Nonemergent Craniotomy: A Nationwide Readmission Database Analysis. World Neurosurg. 2018 Dec; 120:e440-e452. Buchanan IA, Donoho DA, Patel A, Lin M, Wen T, Ding L, Giannotta SL, Mack WJ, Attenello F. PMID: 30149164.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Safety-Net Hospitals Have Higher Complication and Mortality Rates in the Neurosurgical Management of Traumatic Brain Injuries. World Neurosurg. 2018 Nov; 119:e284-e293. Bakhsheshian J, Ding L, Tang A, Wen T, Patel A, Strickland BA, Rennert RC, Amar A, Gruen P, Giannotta S, Mack WJ, Attenello FJ. PMID: 30055361.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Revision Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia and Hemifacial Spasm: Factors Associated with Surgical Failure. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2019 Feb; 80(1):31-39. Ravina K, Strickland BA, Rennert RC, Bakhsheshian J, Russin JJ, Giannotta SL. PMID: 30733898.
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    36. Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass for Treatment of Blister Aneurysms: Efficacy and Analysis of Complications Compared with Alternative Treatment Strategies. World Neurosurg. 2018 Sep; 117:e417-e424. Strickland BA, Rennert RC, Bakhsheshian J, Ravina K, Fredrickson V, Giannotta SL, Russin JJ. PMID: 29920386.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. In situ administration of abciximab for thrombus resolution during intracranial bypass surgery: case report. J Neurosurg. 2018 01 19; 130(1):268-272. Buchanan IA, Lee B, Amar AP, Giannotta SL. PMID: 29350605.
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    38. Development of a Perfusion-Based Cadaveric Simulation Model Integrated into Neurosurgical Training: Feasibility Based On Reconstitution of Vascular and Cerebrospinal Fluid Systems. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2018 01 01; 14(1):72-80. Zada G, Bakhsheshian J, Pham M, Minneti M, Christian E, Winer J, Robison A, Wrobel B, Russin J, Mack WJ, Giannotta S. PMID: 29117409.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Perfusion-based human cadaveric specimen as a simulation training model in repairing cerebrospinal fluid leaks during endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery. J Neurosurg. 2018 09; 129(3):792-796. Christian EA, Bakhsheshian J, Strickland BA, Fredrickson VL, Buchanan IA, Pham MH, Cervantes A, Minneti M, Wrobel BB, Giannotta S, Zada G. PMID: 29099299.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Training Standards in Neuroendovascular Surgery: Program Accreditation and Practitioner Certification. Stroke. 2017 08; 48(8):2318-2325. Day AL, Siddiqui AH, Meyers PM, Jovin TG, Derdeyn CP, Hoh BL, Riina H, Linfante I, Zaidat O, Turk A, Howington JU, Mocco J, Ringer AJ, Veznedaroglu E, Khalessi AA, Levy EI, Woo H, Harbaugh R, Giannotta S. PMID: 28706116.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Impact of the 2003 ACGME Resident Duty Hour Reform on Hospital-Acquired Conditions: A National Retrospective Analysis. J Grad Med Educ. 2017 Apr; 9(2):215-221. Wen T, Attenello FJ, Cen SY, Khalessi AA, Kim-Tenser M, Sanossian N, Giannotta SL, Amar AP, Mack WJ. PMID: 28439356.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Solitary Plasmacytoma in the Internal Auditory Canal and Cerebellopontine Angle Mimicking Meningioma. Otol Neurotol. 2016 Dec; 37(10):e400-e401. Lavinsky J, Aaron KA, Christian E, Go JL, Hurth K, Giannotta SL, Friedman RA. PMID: 26457817.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    43. Response. J Neurosurg. 2016 Apr; 124(4):1142-3. Winer JL, Kramer DR, Robison RA, Ohiorhenuan IE, Minneti M, Giannotta S, Zada G. PMID: 27482586.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Retrosigmoid Versus Translabyrinthine Approach for Acoustic Neuroma Resection: An Assessment of Complications and Payments in a Longitudinal Administrative Database. Cureus. 2015 Oct 30; 7(10):e369. Cole T, Veeravagu A, Zhang M, Azad T, Swinney C, Li GH, Ratliff JK, Giannotta SL. PMID: 26623224.
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    45. Giant, calcified colloid cyst of the lateral ventricle. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Feb; 24:6-9. Two A, Christian E, Mathew A, Giannotta S, Zada G. PMID: 26358201.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. The importance of preoperative diagnosis of blister aneurysms. J Clin Neurosci. 2015 Sep; 22(9):1408-12. Russin JJ, Kramer DR, Thomas D, Hasson D, Liu CY, Amar AP, Mack WJ, Giannotta SL. PMID: 25960141.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Cerebrospinal fluid reconstitution via a perfusion-based cadaveric model: feasibility study demonstrating surgical simulation of neuroendoscopic procedures. J Neurosurg. 2015 Nov; 123(5):1316-21. Winer JL, Kramer DR, Robison RA, Ohiorhenuan I, Minneti M, Giannotta S, Zada G. PMID: 25859805.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Evaluation of time to aneurysm treatment following subarachnoid hemorrhage: comparison of patients treated with clipping versus coiling. J Neurointerv Surg. 2016 Apr; 8(4):373-7. Attenello FJ, Reid P, Wen T, Cen S, Kim-Tenser M, Sanossian N, Russin J, Amar A, Giannotta S, Mack WJ, Tenser M. PMID: 25765950.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. A case report of two different skull base pathologies causing hearing loss in the same ear: vestibular schwannoma and superior semicircular canal dehiscence. Am J Otolaryngol. 2015 May-Jun; 36(3):488-91. Aaron KA, Lavinsky J, Tuchman A, Go JL, Giannotta SL, Friedman RA. PMID: 25720919.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Recording stereoscopic 3D neurosurgery with a head-mounted 3D camera system. Br J Neurosurg. 2015 Jun; 29(3):371-3. Lee B, Chen BR, Chen BB, Lu JY, Giannotta SL. PMID: 25620087.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Intracranial fusarium fungal abscess in an immunocompetent patient: case report and review of the literature. J Neurol Surg Rep. 2014 Dec; 75(2):e241-5. Peterson A, Pham MH, Lee B, Commins D, Cadden J, Giannotta SL, Zada G. PMID: 25485222.
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    52. Introduction: Strategies for management and outcomes of arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep; 37(3):Introduction. Russin JJ, Spetzler RF, Giannotta S, Meyer FB, Lawton MT, Cohen-Gadol AA. PMID: 25175448.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Health disparities in time to aneurysm clipping/coiling among aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients: a national study. World Neurosurg. 2014 Dec; 82(6):1071-6. Attenello FJ, Wang K, Wen T, Cen SY, Kim-Tenser M, Amar AP, Sanossian N, Giannotta SL, Mack WJ. PMID: 25175276.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Argonaute-2 promotes miR-18a entry in human brain endothelial cells. J Am Heart Assoc. 2014 May 16; 3(3):e000968. Ferreira R, Santos T, Amar A, Gong A, Chen TC, Tahara SM, Giannotta SL, Hofman FM. PMID: 24837588.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    55. A Perfusion-based Human Cadaveric Model for Management of Carotid Artery Injury during Endoscopic Endonasal Skull Base Surgery. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2014 Oct; 75(5):309-13. Pham M, Kale A, Marquez Y, Winer J, Lee B, Harris B, Minnetti M, Carey J, Giannotta S, Zada G. PMID: 25301092.
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    56. Resection of a cystic brainstem hemangioblastoma via a retrosigmoid approach. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Jan; 36(1 Suppl):1. Lee B, Marquez YD, Giannotta SL. PMID: 24380524.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. A proposed grading system for standardizing tumor consistency of intracranial meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec; 35(6):E1. Zada G, Yashar P, Robison A, Winer J, Khalessi A, Mack WJ, Giannotta SL. PMID: 24289117.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. A review of epigenetic and gene expression alterations associated with intracranial meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec; 35(6):E5. He S, Pham MH, Pease M, Zada G, Giannotta SL, Wang K, Mack WJ. PMID: 24289130.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec; 35(6):Introduction. Giannotta SL, Chin LS, Selman WR. PMID: 24289135.
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    60. Genomic and transcriptome analysis revealing an oncogenic functional module in meningiomas. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Dec; 35(6):E3. Chang X, Shi L, Gao F, Russin J, Zeng L, He S, Chen TC, Giannotta SL, Weisenberger DJ, Zada G, Wang K, Mack WJ. PMID: 24289128.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    61. MicroRNA-18a improves human cerebral arteriovenous malformation endothelial cell function. Stroke. 2014 Jan; 45(1):293-7. Ferreira R, Santos T, Amar A, Tahara SM, Chen TC, Giannotta SL, Hofman FM. PMID: 24203843.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    62. Proposed Surgical Trigeminal Neuralgia Score checklist. Neurosurg Focus. 2013 Sep; 35(3):E4. Khalessi AA, Giannotta S. PMID: 23991817.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. A persistent primitive hypoglossal artery arising from the external carotid artery associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage. World Neurosurg. 2014 Jul-Aug; 82(1-2):239.e1-3. He S, Russin JJ, Adamczyk P, Giannotta SL, Amar AP, Mack WJ. PMID: 23851212.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Endoscopic-assisted resection of intracranial epidermoid tumors. World Neurosurg. 2014 Sep-Oct; 82(3-4):450-4. Tuchman A, Platt A, Winer J, Pham M, Giannotta S, Zada G. PMID: 23548848.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. DNA methylation in the malignant transformation of meningiomas. PLoS One. 2013; 8(1):e54114. Gao F, Shi L, Russin J, Zeng L, Chang X, He S, Chen TC, Giannotta SL, Weisenberger DJ, Zada G, Mack WJ, Wang K. PMID: 23349797.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    66. Simulation of a high-flow extracranial-intracranial bypass using a radial artery graft in a novel fresh tissue model. Neurosurgery. 2012 Dec; 71(2 Suppl Operative):ons315-19; discussion ons 319-20. Russin JJ, Mack WJ, Carey JN, Minneti M, Giannotta SL. PMID: 22791034.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. Extent of resection and early postoperative outcomes following removal of cystic vestibular schwannomas: surgical experience over a decade and review of the literature. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Sep; 33(3):E13. Yashar P, Zada G, Harris B, Giannotta SL. PMID: 22937847.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Cervical spine dural arteriovenous fistula with coexisting spinal radiculopial artery aneurysm presenting as subarachnoid hemorrhage: case report. Neurosurgery. 2012 Jan; 70(1):E259-63; discussion E263. Lucas JW, Jones J, Farin A, Kim P, Giannotta SL. PMID: 21795862.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. The putative role of pericytes in tumor angiogenesis. World Neurosurg. 2011 Dec; 76(6):535-6. Russin JJ, Giannotta SL. PMID: 22251501.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    70. Incidence trends in the anatomic location of primary malignant brain tumors in the United States: 1992-2006. World Neurosurg. 2012 Mar-Apr; 77(3-4):518-24. Zada G, Bond AE, Wang YP, Giannotta SL, Deapen D. PMID: 22120376.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    71. The value of translational models for microvascular anastamosis. World Neurosurg. 2012 Feb; 77(2):289-90. Russin J, Giannotta SL. PMID: 22120358.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    72. Thrombospondin-1 modulates the angiogenic phenotype of human cerebral arteriovenous malformation endothelial cells. Neurosurgery. 2011 May; 68(5):1342-53; discussion 1353. Stapleton CJ, Armstrong DL, Zidovetzki R, Liu CY, Giannotta SL, Hofman FM. PMID: 21307796.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    73. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations: issues of the interplay between stereotactic radiosurgery and endovascular surgical therapy. World Neurosurg. 2011 May-Jun; 75(5-6):638-47. Yashar P, Amar AP, Giannotta SL, Yu C, Pagnini PG, Liu CY, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 21704930.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Molecular genetics of meningiomas: a systematic review of the current literature and potential basis for future treatment paradigms. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 May; 30(5):E7. Pham MH, Zada G, Mosich GM, Chen TC, Giannotta SL, Wang K, Mack WJ. PMID: 21529178.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    75. Cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep; 29(3):Introduction. Giannotta SL, Barrow DL. PMID: 20827863.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    76. Operative strategies for minimizing hearing loss and other major complications associated with microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia. World Neurosurg. 2010 Jul; 74(1):172-7. Bond AE, Zada G, Gonzalez AA, Hansen C, Giannotta SL. PMID: 21300010.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    77. Posttraumatic human cerebral myiasis. World Neurosurg. 2010 May; 73(5):557-9. Terterov S, Taghva A, MacDougall M, Giannotta S. PMID: 20920942.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    78. Cerebral vasospasm and concurrent left ventricular outflow tract obstruction: requirement for modification of hyperdynamic therapy regimen. Neurocrit Care. 2010 Apr; 12(2):265-8. Zada G, Terterov S, Russin J, Clavijo L, Giannotta S. PMID: 19816811.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    79. Delayed toxicity from gamma knife radiosurgery to lesions in and adjacent to the brainstem. J Clin Neurosci. 2009 Sep; 16(9):1139-47. Davidson L, Zada G, Yu C, Petrovich Z, Pagnini PG, Zee CS, Giannotta SL, Zelman V, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 19576781.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    80. Endovascular management of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas. A review. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May; 26(5):E15. Sivakumar W, Zada G, Yashar P, Giannotta SL, Teitelbaum G, Larsen DW. PMID: 19408993.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    81. Fenestrated aneurysm clips in the surgical management of anterior communicating artery aneurysms: operative techniques and strategy. Clinical article. Neurosurg Focus. 2009 May; 26(5):E7. Zada G, Christian E, Liu CY, Giannotta SL. PMID: 19409008.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    82. Aberrant angiogenic characteristics of human brain arteriovenous malformation endothelial cells. Neurosurgery. 2009 Jan; 64(1):139-46; discussion 146-8. Jabbour MN, Elder JB, Samuelson CG, Khashabi S, Hofman FM, Giannotta SL, Liu CY. PMID: 19145162.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    83. A review of selective hypothermia in the management of traumatic brain injury. Neurosurg Focus. 2008 Oct; 25(4):E9. Christian E, Zada G, Sung G, Giannotta SL. PMID: 18828707.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    84. Digital photography using the intraoperative microscope in neurosurgery. Surg Neurol. 2009 Aug; 72(2):153-6. Yanni DS, Beshara M, Ebersole K, Giannotta S, Schulder M. PMID: 18617255.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    85. Internal carotid artery aneurysms occurring at the origin of fetal variant posterior cerebral arteries: surgical and endovascular experience. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jul; 63(1 Suppl 1):ONS55-61; discussion ONS61-2. Zada G, Breault J, Liu CY, Khalessi AA, Larsen DW, Teitelbaum GP, Giannotta SL. PMID: 18728604.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    86. Novel use of an endovascular embolectomy device for retrograde suction decompression-assisted clip ligation of a large paraclinoid aneurysm: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 2008 May; 62(5 Suppl 2):ONSE412-3; discussion ONSE413-4. Hoh DJ, Larsen DW, Elder JB, Kim PE, Giannotta SL, Liu CY. PMID: 18596535.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    87. Microvascular decompression for intractable singultus: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 2008 May; 62(5):E1180-1; discussion E1181. Farin A, Chakrabarti I, Giannotta SL, Vaynman S, Samudrala S. PMID: 18580793.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    88. Predictors and outcomes of intraprocedural rupture in patients treated for ruptured intracranial aneurysms: the CARAT study. Stroke. 2008 May; 39(5):1501-6. Elijovich L, Higashida RT, Lawton MT, Duckwiler G, Giannotta S, Johnston SC, Cerebral Aneurysm Rerupture After Treatment (CARAT) Investigators . PMID: 18323484.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    89. The extradural temporopolar approach: a review of indications and operative technique. Neurosurg Focus. 2008; 25(6):E3. Zada G, Day JD, Giannotta SL. PMID: 19035701.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    90. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension and immediate improvement following epidural blood patch placement demonstrated by intracranial pressure monitoring. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2007 Jun; 106(6):1089-90. Zada G, Pezeshkian P, Giannotta S. PMID: 17564185.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    91. Access to emergency care. Bull Am Coll Surg. 2007 Apr; 92(4):44; author reply 44-5. Watridge CB, Solomon RA, Grady MS, Popp AJ, Quest DO, Kondziolka D, Giannotta SL. PMID: 17427593.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    92. Postoperative Gamma Knife surgery for benign meningiomas of the cranial base. Neurosurg Focus. 2007; 23(4):E6. Davidson L, Fishback D, Russin JJ, Weiss MH, Yu C, Pagnini PG, Zelman V, Apuzzo ML, Giannotta SL. PMID: 17961043.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    93. A review of ocular manifestations in intracranial hypotension. Neurosurg Focus. 2007; 23(5):E8. Zada G, Solomon TC, Giannotta SL. PMID: 18004970.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    94. Aneurysms in children: review of 15 years experience. J Clin Neurosci. 2006 Feb; 13(2):188-92. Aryan HE, Giannotta SL, Fukushima T, Park MS, Ozgur BM, Levy ML. PMID: 16446095.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    95. Vector analysis correlating bullet trajectory to outcome after civilian through-and-through gunshot wound to the head: using imaging cues to predict fatal outcome. Neurosurgery. 2005 Oct; 57(4):737-47; discussion 737-47. Kim KA, Wang MY, McNatt SA, Pinsky G, Liu CY, Giannotta SL, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 16239886.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    96. Gamma knife radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia. Neurosurgery. 2005 Jun; 56(6):1295-301; discussion 1301-3. McNatt SA, Yu C, Giannotta SL, Zee CS, Apuzzo ML, Petrovich Z. PMID: 15918946.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    97. The treatment of complex dural arteriovenous fistulae through cranial base techniques. Neurol India. 2004 Sep; 52(3):325-31. Kattner KA, Roth TC, Nardone EM, Giannotta SL. PMID: 15472420.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    98. Comparison of endovascular and surface cooling during unruptured cerebral aneurysm repair. Neurosurgery. 2004 Aug; 55(2):307-14; discussion 314-5. Steinberg GK, Ogilvy CS, Shuer LM, Connolly ES, Solomon RA, Lam A, Kassell NF, Baker CJ, Giannotta SL, Cockroft KM, Bell-Stephens TE, Allgren RL. PMID: 15271236.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    99. The Leksell gamma knife Model U versus Model C: a quantitative comparison of radiosurgical treatment parameters. Neurosurgery. 2004 Jul; 55(1):168-72; discussion 172-3. Kuo JS, Yu C, Giannotta SL, Petrovich Z, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 15214986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    100. Gamma knife radiosurgery for benign cavernous sinus tumors: quantitative analysis of treatment outcomes. Neurosurgery. 2004 Jun; 54(6):1385-93; discussion 1393-4. Kuo JS, Chen JC, Yu C, Zelman V, Giannotta SL, Petrovich Z, MacPherson D, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 15157295.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    101. Study of magnetic resonance imaging-based arteriovenous malformation delineation without conventional angiography. Neurosurgery. 2004 May; 54(5):1104-; discussion 1108-10. Yu C, Petrovich Z, Apuzzo ML, Zelman V, Giannotta SL. PMID: 15113464.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    102. Unusual presentations of cerebral solitary fibrous tumors: report of four cases. Neurosurgery. 2004 Apr; 54(4):1004-9; discussion 1009. Kim KA, Gonzalez I, McComb JG, Giannotta SL. PMID: 15046670.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    103. Gamma knife radiosurgery for pituitary adenoma: early results. Neurosurgery. 2003 Jul; 53(1):51-9; discussion 59-61. Petrovich Z, Yu C, Giannotta SL, Zee CS, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 12823873.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    104. Survival and pattern of failure in brain metastasis treated with stereotactic gamma knife radiosurgery. J Neurosurg. 2002 Dec; 97(5 Suppl):499-506. Petrovich Z, Yu C, Giannotta SL, O'Day S, Apuzzo ML. PMID: 12507085.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    105. Covered stent-graft repair of the brachiocephalic arteries: technical note. Neurosurgery. 2002 Jul; 51(1):247-52; discussion 252-3. Amar AP, Teitelbaum GP, Giannotta SL, Larsen DW. PMID: 12182427.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    106. Cranial base approaches for the surgical treatment of aggressive posterior fossa dural arteriovenous fistulae with leptomeningeal drainage: report of four technical cases. Neurosurgery. 2002 May; 50(5):1156-60; discussion 1160-1. Kattner KA, Roth TC, Giannotta SL. PMID: 11950423.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    107. Metastatic melanoma to the brain: prognostic factors after gamma knife radiosurgery. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2002 Apr 01; 52(5):1277-87. Yu C, Chen JC, Apuzzo ML, O'Day S, Giannotta SL, Weber JS, Petrovich Z. PMID: 11955740.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    108. Ophthalmic segment aneurysm surgery. Neurosurgery. 2002 Mar; 50(3):558-62. Giannotta SL. PMID: 11841724.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    109. The sizer-dissector for aneurysm clip selection: technical note. Neurosurgery. 2002 Mar; 50(3):669-70; discussion 670-1. Giannotta SL. PMID: 11841741.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
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