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    Eileen M Crimmins, PhD

    TitleUniversity Professor
    SchoolSchool of Gerontology
    DepartmentGerontology
    AddressGER 218D
    University Park Campus
    Los Angeles California 90089-0191
    Phone+1 213 740 1707
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      Eileen Crimmins is the AARP Professor of Gerontology in the Davis School of Gerontology at the University of Southern California. She is currently the director of the USC/UCLA Center on Biodemography and Population Health, one of the Demography of Aging Centers supported by the U.S. National Institute on Aging. She is also the Director of the Multidisciplinary Training in Gerontology Program and the NIA-sponsored Network on Biological Risk. Crimmins is a co-investigator of the Health and Retirement Study in the U.S. Much of Crimmins’ research has focused on changes over time in health and mortality. Crimmins has been instrumental in organizing and promoting the recent integration of the measurement of biological indicators in large population surveys. She recently served as co-chair of a Committee for the National Academy of Sciences to address why life expectancy in the U.S. is falling so far behind that of other countries. She has recently co-edited several books with a focus on international aging, mortality and health expectancy: Determining Health Expectancies; Longer Life and Healthy Aging; Human Longevity, Individual Life Duration, and the Growth of the Oldest-old Population; International Handbook of Adult Mortality; Explaining Diverging Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries; and International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages: Dimensions and Sources.

      She is a member of the Institute of Medicine, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a University Professor at USC. She received the Kleemeier Award for Research from the Gerontological Society of America.


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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Espeland MA, Crimmins E, Grossardt BR, Crandall JP, Gelfond JA, Harris TB, Kritchevsky SB, Manson JE, Robinson JG, Rocca WA, Temprosa M, Thomas F, Wallace R, Barzilai N. Clinical Trials Targeting Aging and Age-Related Multimorbidity. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Mar 01; 72(3):355-361. PMID: 28364543.
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      2. Crimmins E. Introduction to Issue on Gender Dynamics and Disparities in Health and Mortality. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2017; 63(1):1-2. PMID: 28287307.
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      3. Crimmins E, Saito Y, Kim JK. Change in Cognitively Healthy and Cognitively Impaired Life Expectancy in the United States: 2000-2010. SSM Popul Health. 2016 Dec; 2:793-797. PMID: 27917398.
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      4. Langa KM, Larson EB, Crimmins E, Faul JD, Levine DA, Kabeto MU, Weir DR. A Comparison of the Prevalence of Dementia in the United States in 2000 and 2012. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Nov 21. PMID: 27893041.
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      5. Min J, Ailshire J, Crimmins E. Social engagement and depressive symptoms: do baseline depression status and type of social activities make a difference? Age Ageing. 2016 Nov; 45(6):838-843. PMID: 27496942.
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      6. Kohrt BA, Worthman CM, Adhikari RP, Luitel NP, Arevalo JM, Ma J, McCreath H, Seeman TE, Crimmins E, Cole SW. Psychological resilience and the gene regulatory impact of posttraumatic stress in Nepali child soldiers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Jul 19; 113(29):8156-61. PMID: 27402736.
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      7. Crimmins E, Zhang Y, Saito Y. Trends Over 4 Decades in Disability-Free Life Expectancy in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2016 Jul; 106(7):1287-93. PMID: 27077352.
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      8. Mitchell UA, Ailshire JA, Brown LL, Levine ME, Crimmins E. Education and Psychosocial Functioning Among Older Adults: 4-Year Change in Sense of Control and Hopelessness. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2016 Mar 24. PMID: 27013537.
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      9. Lu AT, Hannon E, Levine ME, Hao K, Crimmins E, Lunnon K, Kozlenkov A, Mill J, Dracheva S, Horvath S. Genetic variants near MLST8 and DHX57 affect the epigenetic age of the cerebellum. Nat Commun. 2016; 7:10561. PMID: 26830004.
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      10. Finch CE, Crimmins E. Constant molecular aging rates vs. the exponential acceleration of mortality. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Feb 2; 113(5):1121-3. PMID: 26792520.
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      11. Zhao Y, Crimmins E, Hu P, Shen Y, Smith JP, Strauss J, Wang Y, Zhang Y. Prevalence, diagnosis, and management of diabetes mellitus among older Chinese: results from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. Int J Public Health. 2016 Apr; 61(3):347-56. PMID: 26755457.
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      12. Crimmins E. Lifespan and Healthspan: Past, Present, and Promise. Gerontologist. 2015 Dec; 55(6):901-11. PMID: 26561272.
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      13. Beltrán-Sánchez H, Soneji S, Crimmins E. Past, Present, and Future of Healthy Life Expectancy. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. 2015; 5(11). PMID: 26525456.
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      14. Levine ME, Crimmins E. A Genetic Network Associated With Stress Resistance, Longevity, and Cancer in Humans. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 Jun; 71(6):703-12. PMID: 26355015.
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      15. Arpawong TE, Lee J, Phillips DF, Crimmins E, Levine ME, Prescott CA. Effects of Recent Stress and Variation in the Serotonin Transporter Polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) on Depressive Symptoms: A Repeated-Measures Study of Adults Age 50 and Older. Behav Genet. 2016 Jan; 46(1):72-88. PMID: 26330209.
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      16. Tiedt AD, Saito Y, Crimmins E. Depressive Symptoms, Transitions to Widowhood, and Informal Support From Adult Children Among Older Women and Men in Japan. Res Aging. 2016 Aug; 38(6):619-42. PMID: 26243334.
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      17. Cole SW, Levine ME, Arevalo JM, Ma J, Weir DR, Crimmins E. Loneliness, eudaimonia, and the human conserved transcriptional response to adversity. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2015 Dec; 62:11-7. PMID: 26246388.
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      18. Beltrán-Sánchez H, Finch CE, Crimmins E. Twentieth century surge of excess adult male mortality. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Jul 21; 112(29):8993-8. PMID: 26150507.
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      19. Wheaton FV, Crimmins E. Female disability disadvantage: a global perspective on sex differences in physical function and disability. Ageing Soc. 2016 Jul; 36(6):1136-1156. PMID: 27453613.
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      20. Solé-Auró A, Michaud PC, Hurd M, Crimmins E. Disease incidence and mortality among older americans and europeans. Demography. 2015 Apr; 52(2):593-611. PMID: 25715676.
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      21. Donoho CJ, Seeman TE, Sloan RP, Crimmins E. Marital status, marital quality, and heart rate variability in the MIDUS cohort. J Fam Psychol. 2015 Apr; 29(2):290-5. PMID: 25844496.
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      22. Crimmins E. Physiological Differences Across Populations Reflecting Early Life and Later Life Nutritional Status and Later Life Risk for Chronic Disease. J Popul Ageing. 2015 Mar; 8(1-2):51-69. PMID: 25750688.
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      23. Levine ME, Cole SW, Weir DR, Crimmins E. Childhood and later life stressors and increased inflammatory gene expression at older ages. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Apr; 130:16-22. PMID: 25658624.
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      24. Hu P, Herningtyas EH, Kale V, Crimmins E, Risbud AR, McCreath H, Lee J, Strauss J, O'Brien JC, Bloom DE, Seeman TE. External quality control for dried blood spot-based C-reactive protein assay: experience from the indonesia family life survey and the longitudinal aging study in India. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2015; 61(1):111-20. PMID: 25879265.
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      25. Hu P, Edenfield M, Potter A, Kale V, Risbud A, Williams S, Lee J, Bloom DE, Crimmins E, Seeman T. Validation and modification of dried blood spot-based glycosylated hemoglobin assay for the longitudinal aging study in India. Am J Hum Biol. 2014 Dec 3. PMID: 25472916.
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      26. Zissimopoulos J, Crimmins E, St Clair P. The Value of Delaying Alzheimer's Disease Onset. Forum Health Econ Policy. 2014 Nov; 18(1):25-39. PMID: 27134606.
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      27. Ailshire JA, Beltrán-Sánchez H, Crimmins E. Becoming centenarians: disease and functioning trajectories of older u.s. Adults as they survive to 100. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015 Feb; 70(2):193-201. PMID: 25136001.
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      28. Levine ME, Crimmins E. A comparison of methods for assessing mortality risk. Am J Hum Biol. 2014 Nov; 26(6):768-76. PMID: 25088793.
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      29. Levine ME, Crimmins E. Evidence of accelerated aging among African Americans and its implications for mortality. Soc Sci Med. 2014 Oct; 118:27-32. PMID: 25086423.
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      30. Ailshire JA, Crimmins E. Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Cognitive Function Among Older US Adults. Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Aug 15; 180(4):359-66. PMID: 24966214.
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      31. Levine ME, Suarez JA, Brandhorst S, Balasubramanian P, Cheng CW, Madia F, Fontana L, Mirisola MG, Guevara-Aguirre J, Wan J, Passarino G, Kennedy BK, Wei M, Cohen P, Crimmins E, Longo VD. Low Protein Intake Is Associated with a Major Reduction in IGF-1, Cancer, and Overall Mortality in the 65 and Younger but Not Older Population. Cell Metab. 2014 Mar 4; 19(3):407-17. PMID: 24606898.
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      32. Solé-Auró A, Crimmins E. Who cares? A comparison of informal and formal care provision in Spain, England and the USA. Ageing Soc. 2014 Mar 1; 34(3):495-517. PMID: 24550574.
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      33. Levine M, Crimmins E. Not All Smokers Die Young: A Model for Hidden Heterogeneity within the Human Population. PLoS One. 2014; 9(2):e87403. PMID: 24520332.
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      34. Crimmins E, Kim JK, McCreath H, Faul J, Weir D, Seeman T. Validation of blood-based assays using dried blood spots for use in large population studies. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2014; 60(1):38-48. PMID: 24784986.
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      35. Levine ME, Crimmins E, Prescott CA, Phillips D, Arpawong TE, Lee J. A polygenic risk score associated with measures of depressive symptoms among older adults. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2014; 60(2):199-211. PMID: 25343367.
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      36. Crimmins E. Integrating work from genetics and the social sciences: part two. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2014; 60(2):115-6. PMID: 25343361.
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      37. Chen H, Wang H, Crimmins E, Chen G, Huang C, Zheng X. The contributions of diseases to disability burden among the elderly population in china. J Aging Health. 2014 Mar; 26(2):261-82. PMID: 24368296.
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      38. Finch CE, Beltrán-Sánchez H, Crimmins E. Uneven futures of human lifespans: reckonings from gompertz mortality rates, climate change, and air pollution. Gerontology. 2014; 60(2):183-8. PMID: 24401556.
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      39. Vasunilashorn S, Ferrucci L, Crimmins E, Bandinelli S, Guralnik JM, Patel KV. Association of inflammation with loss of ability to walk 400 meters: longitudinal findings from the Invecchiare in Chianti Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Oct; 61(10):1743-9. PMID: 24083386.
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      40. Beltrán-Sánchez H, Crimmins E. Biological risk in the Mexican population at the turn of the 21st century. J Cross Cult Gerontol. 2013 Sep; 28(3):299-316. PMID: 23812952.
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      41. Beltrán-Sánchez H, Thomas D, Teruel G, Wheaton F, Crimmins E. Links between socio-economic circumstances and changes in smoking behavior in the Mexican population: 2002-2010. J Cross Cult Gerontol. 2013 Sep; 28(3):339-58. PMID: 23888371.
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      42. Kim JK, Baker LA, Davarian S, Crimmins E. Oral health problems and mortality. J Dent Sci. 2013 Jun; 8(2). PMID: 24416472.
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      43. Vasunilashorn S, Kim JK, Crimmins E. International differences in the links between obesity and physiological dysregulation: the United States, England, and Taiwan. J Obes. 2013; 2013:618056. PMID: 23781331.
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      44. Davarian S, Crimmins E, Takahashi A, Saito Y. Sociodemographic correlates of four indices of blood pressure and hypertension among older persons in Japan. Gerontology. 2013; 59(5):392-400. PMID: 23689609.
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      45. Freedman VA, Spillman BC, Andreski PM, Cornman JC, Crimmins E, Kramarow E, Lubitz J, Martin LG, Merkin SS, Schoeni RF, Seeman TE, Waidmann TA. Trends in late-life activity limitations in the United States: an update from five national surveys. Demography. 2013 Apr; 50(2):661-71. PMID: 23104207.
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      46. Donoho CJ, Crimmins E, Seeman TE. Marital Quality, Gender, and Markers of Inflammation in the MIDUS Cohort. J Marriage Fam. 2013 Feb 1; 75(1):127-141. PMID: 24700968.
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      47. Wheaton FV, Crimmins E. In hindsight: urban exposure explains the association between prior migration and current health of older adults in Mexico. J Aging Health. 2013 Apr; 25(3):422-38. PMID: 23349513.
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      48. Levine ME, Kim JK, Crimmins E. The role of physiological markers of health in the association between demographic factors and periodontal disease. J Periodontal Res. 2013 Jun; 48(3):367-72. PMID: 23231345.
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      49. Kim JK, Baker LA, Seirawan H, Crimmins E. Prevalence of oral health problems in U.S. adults, NHANES 1999-2004: exploring differences by age, education, and race/ethnicity. Spec Care Dentist. 2012 Nov; 32(6):234-41. PMID: 23095066.
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      50. Beltrán-Sáncheza H, Crimmins E, Finch C. Early cohort mortality predicts the rate of aging in the cohort: a historical analysis. J Dev Orig Health Dis. 2012 Oct; 3(5):380-6. PMID: 23626899.
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      51. Winstein CJ, Requejo PS, Zelinski EM, Mulroy SJ, Crimmins E. A transformative subfield in rehabilitation science at the nexus of new technologies, aging, and disability. Front Psychol. 2012; 3:340. PMID: 23049517.
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      52. Levine ME, Crimmins E. Sarcopenic obesity and cognitive functioning: the mediating roles of insulin resistance and inflammation? Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res. 2012; 2012:826398. PMID: 22611388.
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      53. Crimmins E, Finch CE. The genetics of age-related health outcomes. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2012 May; 67(5):467-9. PMID: 22454370.
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      54. Levine ME, Crimmins E. The impact of insulin resistance and inflammation on the association between sarcopenic obesity and physical functioning. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Oct; 20(10):2101-6. PMID: 22310233.
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      55. Ailshire JA, Beltrán-Sánchez H, Crimmins E. Social characteristics and health status of exceptionally long-lived americans in the health and retirement study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Dec; 59(12):2241-8. PMID: 22188072.
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      56. Ailshire JA, Crimmins E. Psychosocial Factors Associated with Longevity in the United States: Age Differences between the Old and Oldest-Old in the Health and Retirement Study. J Aging Res. 2011; 2011:530534. PMID: 22028969.
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      57. Beltrán-Sánchez H, Crimmins E, Teruel GM, Thomas D. Links between childhood and adult social circumstances and obesity and hypertension in the Mexican population. J Aging Health. 2011 Oct; 23(7):1141-65. PMID: 21948773.
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      58. Canon ME, Crimmins E. Sex differences in the association between muscle quality, inflammatory markers, and cognitive decline. J Nutr Health Aging. 2011 Aug; 15(8):695-8. PMID: 21968867.
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      59. Crimmins E, Kim JK, Langa KM, Weir DR. Assessment of cognition using surveys and neuropsychological assessment: the Health and Retirement Study and the Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2011 Jul; 66 Suppl 1:i162-71. PMID: 21743047.
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      60. Solé-Auró A, Guillén M, Crimmins E. Health care usage among immigrants and native-born elderly populations in eleven European countries: results from SHARE. Eur J Health Econ. 2012 Dec; 13(6):741-54. PMID: 21660564.
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      61. Vasunilashorn S, Finch CE, Crimmins E, Vikman SA, Stieglitz J, Gurven M, Kaplan H, Allayee H. Inflammatory gene variants in the Tsimane, an indigenous Bolivian population with a high infectious load. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2011; 57(1):33-52. PMID: 21845926.
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      62. Crimmins E, Beltrán-Sánchez H. Mortality and morbidity trends: is there compression of morbidity? J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2011 Jan; 66(1):75-86. PMID: 21135070.
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      63. Reynolds SL, Crimmins E. TRENDS IN THE ABILITY TO WORK AMONG MEN AND WOMEN IN THE OLDER AMERICAN POPULATION: 1997-2007. Eur J Ageing. 2010 Dec 1; 7(4):249-256. PMID: 23585761.
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      64. Goldman N, Turra CM, Rosero-Bixby L, Weir D, Crimmins E. Do biological measures mediate the relationship between education and health: A comparative study. Soc Sci Med. 2011 Jan; 72(2):307-15. PMID: 21159415.
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      65. Vasunilashorn S, Crimmins E, Kim JK, Winking J, Gurven M, Kaplan H, Finch CE. Blood lipids, infection, and inflammatory markers in the Tsimane of Bolivia. Am J Hum Biol. 2010 Nov-Dec; 22(6):731-40. PMID: 20721985.
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      66. Karlamangla AS, Merkin SS, Crimmins E, Seeman TE. Socioeconomic and ethnic disparities in cardiovascular risk in the United States, 2001-2006. Ann Epidemiol. 2010 Aug; 20(8):617-28. PMID: 20609342.
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      67. Oksuzyan A, Crimmins E, Saito Y, O'Rand A, Vaupel JW, Christensen K. Cross-national comparison of sex differences in health and mortality in Denmark, Japan and the US. Eur J Epidemiol. 2010 Jul; 25(7):471-80. PMID: 20495953.
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      68. Crimmins E, Kim JK, Solé-Auró A. Gender differences in health: results from SHARE, ELSA and HRS. Eur J Public Health. 2011 Feb; 21(1):81-91. PMID: 20237171.
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      69. Shultz KS, Wang M, Crimmins E, Fisher GG. Age Differences in the Demand-Control Model of Work Stress: An Examination of Data From 15 European Countries. J Appl Gerontol. 2010 Feb; 29(1):21-47. PMID: 20948986.
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      70. Mazumder B, Almond D, Park K, Crimmins E, Finch CE. Lingering prenatal effects of the 1918 influenza pandemic on cardiovascular disease. J Dev Orig Health Dis. 2010 Feb; 1(1):26-34. PMID: 20198106.
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      71. Cai L, Hayward MD, Saito Y, Lubitz J, Hagedorn A, Crimmins E. Estimation of multi-state life table functions and their variability from complex survey data using the SPACE Program. Demogr Res. 2010 Jan 26; 22(6):129-158. PMID: 20463842.
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      72. Crimmins E, Kim JK, Vasunilashorn S. Biodemography: new approaches to understanding trends and differences in population health and mortality. Demography. 2010; 47 Suppl:S41-64. PMID: 21302421.
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      73. Seeman TE, Merkin SS, Crimmins E, Karlamangla AS. Disability trends among older Americans: National Health And Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1988-1994 and 1999-2004. Am J Public Health. 2010 Jan; 100(1):100-7. PMID: 19910350.
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      74. Sharp ES, Suthers KM, Crimmins E, Gatz M. Does "no" mean "sometimes"? How older adults respond to the same depression symptoms with different response formats. Clin Gerontol. 2009 Oct 1; 32(4):371-378. PMID: 20563229.
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      75. Gurven M, Kaplan H, Winking J, Eid Rodriguez D, Vasunilashorn S, Kim JK, Finch C, Crimmins E. Inflammation and infection do not promote arterial aging and cardiovascular disease risk factors among lean horticulturalists. PLoS One. 2009; 4(8):e6590. PMID: 19668697.
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      76. Crimmins E, Hayward MD, Hagedorn A, Saito Y, Brouard N. Change in disability-free life expectancy for Americans 70-years-old and older. Demography. 2009 Aug; 46(3):627-46. PMID: 19771948.
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      77. Crimmins E, Kim JK, Seeman TE. Poverty and biological risk: the earlier "aging" of the poor. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2009 Feb; 64(2):286-92. PMID: 19196637.
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      78. Merkin SS, Karlamangla A, Crimmins E, Charette SL, Hayward M, Kim JK, Koretz B, Seeman T. Education differentials by race and ethnicity in the diagnosis and management of hypercholesterolemia: a national sample of U.S. adults (NHANES 1999-2002). Int J Public Health. 2009; 54(3):166-74. PMID: 19219403.
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      79. Yeom J, Kim JK, Crimmins E. Factors Associated with Body Mass Index(BMI) Among Older Adults: A Comparison Study of the U.S., Japan, and Korea. Hanguk Nonyonhak. 2009; 29(4):1479-1500. PMID: 25285028.
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      80. Reynolds SL, Hagedorn A, Yeom J, Saito Y, Yokoyama E, Crimmins E. A tale of two countries--the United States and Japan: are differences in health due to differences in overweight? J Epidemiol. 2008; 18(6):280-90. PMID: 19057112.
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      81. Watts A, Crimmins E, Gatz M. Inflammation as a potential mediator for the association between periodontal disease and Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2008 Oct; 4(5):865-76. PMID: 19183779.
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      82. Crimmins E, Vasunilashorn S, Kim JK, Hagedorn A, Saito Y. A Comparison of Biological Risk Factors in Two Populations: The United States and Japan. Popul Dev Rev. 2008 Sep 5; 34(3):457-482. PMID: 19421428.
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      83. Lièvre A, Alley D, Crimmins E. Educational differentials in life expectancy with cognitive impairment among the elderly in the United States. J Aging Health. 2008 Jun; 20(4):456-77. PMID: 18448687.
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      84. Drevenstedt GL, Crimmins E, Vasunilashorn S, Finch CE. The rise and fall of excess male infant mortality. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Apr 1; 105(13):5016-21. PMID: 18362357.
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      85. Gurven M, Kaplan H, Winking J, Finch C, Crimmins E. Aging and inflammation in two epidemiological worlds. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2008 Feb; 63(2):196-9. PMID: 18314457.
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      86. Crimmins E, Hayward MD, Ueda H, Saito Y, Kim JK. Life with and without heart disease among women and men over 50. J Women Aging. 2008; 20(1-2):5-19. PMID: 18581697.
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      87. Alley DE, Crimmins E, Karlamangla A, Hu P, Seeman TE. Inflammation and rate of cognitive change in high-functioning older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2008 Jan; 63(1):50-5. PMID: 18245760.
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      88. Crimmins E, Vasunilashorn S, Kim JK, Alley D. Biomarkers related to aging in human populations. Adv Clin Chem. 2008; 46:161-216. PMID: 19004190.
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      89. Solé-Auró A, Crimmins E. Health of Immigrants in European countries. Int Migr Rev. 2008; 42(4):861-876. PMID: 21048888.
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      90. Yip J, Nishita CM, Crimmins E, Wilber KH. High-cost users among dual eligibles in three care settings. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2007 Nov; 18(4):950-65. PMID: 17982217.
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      91. Seeman T, Merkin SS, Crimmins E, Koretz B, Charette S, Karlamangla A. Education, income and ethnic differences in cumulative biological risk profiles in a national sample of US adults: NHANES III (1988-1994). Soc Sci Med. 2008 Jan; 66(1):72-87. PMID: 17920177.
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      92. Kim JK, Alley D, Hu P, Karlamangla A, Seeman T, Crimmins E. Changes in postmenopausal hormone therapy use since 1988. Womens Health Issues. 2007 Nov-Dec; 17(6):338-41. PMID: 17936641.
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      93. Takagi E, Silverstein M, Crimmins E. Intergenerational coresidence of older adults in Japan: conditions for cultural plasticity. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2007 Sep; 62(5):S330-9. PMID: 17906177.
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      94. Alley DE, Crimmins E, Bandeen-Roche K, Guralnik J, Ferrucci L. Three-year change in inflammatory markers in elderly people and mortality: the Invecchiare in Chianti study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Nov; 55(11):1801-7. PMID: 17727645.
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      95. Crimmins E, Kim JK, Alley DE, Karlamangla A, Seeman T. Hispanic paradox in biological risk profiles. Am J Public Health. 2007 Jul; 97(7):1305-10. PMID: 17538054.
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      96. Alley D, Suthers K, Crimmins E. Education and Cognitive Decline in Older Americans: Results From the AHEAD Sample. Res Aging. 2007 Jan 1; 29(1):73-94. PMID: 19830260.
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      97. Crimmins E, Finch CE. Commentary: do older men and women gain equally from improving childhood conditions? Int J Epidemiol. 2006 Oct; 35(5):1270-1. PMID: 16980313.
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      98. Kim JK, Alley D, Seeman T, Karlamangla A, Crimmins E. Recent changes in cardiovascular risk factors among women and men. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2006 Jul-Aug; 15(6):734-46. PMID: 16910905.
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      99. Hu P, Bretsky P, Crimmins E, Guralnik JM, Reuben DB, Seeman TE. Association between serum beta-carotene levels and decline of cognitive function in high-functioning older persons with or without apolipoprotein E 4 alleles: MacArthur studies of successful aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2006 Jun; 61(6):616-20. PMID: 16799145.
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      100. Crimmins E, Finch CE. Infection, inflammation, height, and longevity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Jan 10; 103(2):498-503. PMID: 16387863.
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      101. Alley DE, Seeman TE, Ki Kim J, Karlamangla A, Hu P, Crimmins E. Socioeconomic status and C-reactive protein levels in the US population: NHANES IV. Brain Behav Immun. 2006 Sep; 20(5):498-504. PMID: 16330181.
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      102. Crimmins E, Alley D, Reynolds SL, Johnston M, Karlamangla A, Seeman T. Changes in biological markers of health: older Americans in the 1990s. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2005 Nov; 60(11):1409-13. PMID: 16339326.
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      103. Crimmins E. Childhood conditions and late-life health: introduction. Soc Biol. 2005 Fall-Winter; 52(3-4):89-93. PMID: 17619605.
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      104. Crimmins E, Soldo BJ, Kim JK, Alley DE. Using anthropometric indicators for Mexicans in the United States and Mexico to understand the selection of migrants and the "Hispanic paradox". Soc Biol. 2005 Fall-Winter; 52(3-4):164-77. PMID: 17619609.
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      105. Andel R, Crowe M, Pedersen NL, Mortimer J, Crimmins E, Johansson B, Gatz M. Complexity of work and risk of Alzheimer's disease: a population-based study of Swedish twins. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2005 Sep; 60(5):P251-8. PMID: 16131619.
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      106. Reynolds SL, Saito Y, Crimmins E. The impact of obesity on active life expectancy in older American men and women. Gerontologist. 2005 Aug; 45(4):438-44. PMID: 16051906.
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      107. Seeman TE, Huang MH, Bretsky P, Crimmins E, Launer L, Guralnik JM. Education and APOE-e4 in longitudinal cognitive decline: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2005 Mar; 60(2):P74-83. PMID: 15746021.
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      108. Finch CE, Crimmins E. Inflammatory exposure and historical changes in human life-spans. Science. 2004 Sep 17; 305(5691):1736-9. PMID: 15375259.
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      109. Hu P, Reuben DB, Crimmins E, Harris TB, Huang MH, Seeman TE. The effects of serum beta-carotene concentration and burden of inflammation on all-cause mortality risk in high-functioning older persons: MacArthur studies of successful aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2004 Aug; 59(8):849-54. PMID: 15345737.
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      110. Freedman VA, Crimmins E, Schoeni RF, Spillman BC, Aykan H, Kramarow E, Land K, Lubitz J, Manton K, Martin LG, Shinberg D, Waidmann T. Resolving inconsistencies in trends in old-age disability: report from a technical working group. Demography. 2004 Aug; 41(3):417-41. PMID: 15461008.
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      111. Seeman TE, Crimmins E, Huang MH, Singer B, Bucur A, Gruenewald T, Berkman LF, Reuben DB. Cumulative biological risk and socio-economic differences in mortality: MacArthur studies of successful aging. Soc Sci Med. 2004 May; 58(10):1985-97. PMID: 15020014.
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      112. Crimmins E. Trends in the health of the elderly. Annu Rev Public Health. 2004; 25:79-98. PMID: 15015913.
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      113. Crimmins E, Hayward MD. Workplace characteristics and work disability onset for men and women. Soz Praventivmed. 2004; 49(2):122-31. PMID: 15150864.
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      114. Crimmins E, Johnston M, Hayward M, Seeman T. Age differences in allostatic load: an index of physiological dysregulation. Exp Gerontol. 2003 Jul; 38(7):731-4. PMID: 12855278.
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      115. Suthers K, Kim JK, Crimmins E. Life expectancy with cognitive impairment in the older population of the United States. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2003 May; 58(3):S179-86. PMID: 12730319.
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      116. Tabbarah M, Crimmins E, Seeman TE. The relationship between cognitive and physical performance: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2002 Apr; 57(4):M228-35. PMID: 11909888.
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      117. Crimmins E, Kim JK, Hagedorn A. Life with and without disease: women experience more of both. J Women Aging. 2002; 14(1-2):47-59. PMID: 12537279.
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      118. Wagener DK, Molla MT, Crimmins E, Pamuk E, Madans JH. Summary measures of population health: addressing the first goal of healthy people 2010, improving health expectancy. Healthy People 2010 Stat Notes. 2001 Sep; (22):1-13. PMID: 11676468.
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      119. Crimmins E, Saito Y. Trends in healthy life expectancy in the United States, 1970-1990: gender, racial, and educational differences. Soc Sci Med. 2001 Jun; 52(11):1629-41. PMID: 11327137.
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      120. Blackwell DL, Hayward MD, Crimmins E. Does childhood health affect chronic morbidity in later life? Soc Sci Med. 2001 Apr; 52(8):1269-84. PMID: 11281409.
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      121. Crimmins E. Mortality and health in human life spans. Exp Gerontol. 2001 Apr; 36(4-6):885-97. PMID: 11295521.
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      122. Crimmins E, Reynolds SL, Saito Y. Trends in health and ability to work among the older working-age population. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1999 Jan; 54(1):S31-40. PMID: 9934400.
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      123. Reynolds SL, Crimmins E, Saito Y. Cohort differences in disability and disease presence. Gerontologist. 1998 Oct; 38(5):578-90. PMID: 9803646.
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      124. Crimmins E, Saito Y, Reynolds SL. Further evidence on recent trends in the prevalence and incidence of disability among older Americans from two sources: the LSOA and the NHIS. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997 Mar; 52(2):S59-71. PMID: 9060986.
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      125. Mihelic AH, Crimmins E. Loss to folow-up in a sample of Americans 70 years of age and older: The LSOA 1984-1990. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1997 Jan; 52(1):S37-48. PMID: 9008680.
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      126. Crimmins E. Mixed trends in population health among older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1996 Sep; 51(5):S223-5. PMID: 8809006.
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      127. Crimmins E, Hayward MD, Saito Y. Differentials in active life expectancy in the older population of the United States. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 1996 May; 51(3):S111-20. PMID: 8620358.
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      128. Macunovich DJ, Easterlin RA, Schaeffer CM, Crimmins E. Echoes of the baby boom and bust: recent and prospective changes in living alone among elderly widows in the United States. Demography. 1995 Feb; 32(1):17-28. PMID: 7774728.
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      129. Hayward MD, Crimmins E, Wray LA. The relationship between retirement life cycle changes and older men's labor force participation rates. J Gerontol. 1994 Sep; 49(5):S219-30. PMID: 8056951.
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      130. Crimmins E, Hayward MD, Saito Y. Changing mortality and morbidity rates and the health status and life expectancy of the older population. Demography. 1994 Feb; 31(1):159-75. PMID: 8005340.
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      131. Crimmins E. Demography: the past 30 years, the present, and the future. Demography. 1993 Nov; 30(4):579-91. PMID: 8262281.
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      132. Crimmins E, Ingegneri DG. Interaction and living arrangements of older parents and their children. Past trends, present determinants, future implications. Res Aging. 1990 Mar; 12(1):3-35. PMID: 2315554.
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      133. Crimmins E. Life expectancy and the older population. Demographic implications of recent and prospective trends in old age mortality. Res Aging. 1984 Dec; 6(4):490-514. PMID: 6544994.
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      134. Crimmins E. Implications of recent mortality trends for the size and composition of the population over 65. Rev Public Data Use. 1983 Mar; 11(1):37-48. PMID: 10261281.
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