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Anthony Boutros El-Khoueiry, MD

TitleAssociate Professor of Clinical Medicine
InstitutionUniversity of Southern California
DepartmentMedicine
AddressNOR 3451
Health Sciences Campus
Los Angeles CA 90089-9173
Phone+1 323 865 3900
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    Other Positions
    TitleNorris Cancer Center Ciso Chair


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    USC1998Dean's Scholar
    Division of Hematology2003Researcher of the Year
    Southwest Oncology Group2004Young Investigator Training Award
    National Cancer Institute 2011  - 2012Clinical Investigator Team Leadership Award
    University of California, IrvineGolden Key National Honor Society

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Anthony El-Khoueiry, MD, is an assistant professor of clinical medicine at the Keck School of Medicine of USC and director of clinical translation at the Southern California Clinical and Translational Science Institute (SC CTSI). He has extensive experience in clinical and translational research through his roles as medical director of the Clinical Investigations Support Office and director of the phase I drug development program at the USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center. He is the recipient of the National Cancer Institute Cancer Investigator Team Leadership Award in 2011.

    Dr. El-Khoueiry has established a national reputation in clinical research-related hepatobiliary (liver, gall bladder and bile duct) and pancreatic cancers. He is a member of the National Cancer Institute Hepatobiliary Cancers Task Force and chair of the Southwest Oncology Group hepatobiliary cancers subcommittee. In addition, he is the principal investigator of several phase I, including first-in-human, clinical trials aimed at developing novel therapies for solid tumors. Dr. El-Khoueiry works with several basic scientists at USC on joint translational projects designed to identify molecular predictors of outcome and survival for patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancers.

    Dr. El-Khoueiry completed his medical degree, residency in internal medicine and fellowship in hematology and oncology at USC. He unravels scientific and non-scientific mysteries in four languages: English, Arabic, French and Spanish.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    NCI NCTN- Network Lead Academic Participating Site: USC
    NIH/NCI U10CA180830Apr 17, 2014 - Feb 28, 2019
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Websites

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Reuter K, Angyan P, Le N, MacLennan A, Cole S, Bluthenthal RN, Lane CJ, El-Khoueiry AB, Buchanan TA. Monitoring Twitter Conversations for Targeted Recruitment in Cancer Trials in Los Angeles County: Protocol for a Mixed-Methods Pilot Study. JMIR Res Protoc. 2018 Sep 25; 7(9):e177. PMID: 30274964.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Abou-Alfa GK, Meyer T, Cheng AL, El-Khoueiry AB, Rimassa L, Ryoo BY, Cicin I, Merle P, Chen Y, Park JW, Blanc JF, Bolondi L, Klümpen HJ, Chan SL, Zagonel V, Pressiani T, Ryu MH, Venook AP, Hessel C, Borgman-Hagey AE, Schwab G, Kelley RK. Cabozantinib in Patients with Advanced and Progressing Hepatocellular Carcinoma. N Engl J Med. 2018 Jul 05; 379(1):54-63. PMID: 29972759.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Liu M, Zhang L, Li H, Hinoue T, Zhou W, Ohtani H, El-Khoueiry A, Daniels J, O'Connell C, Dorff TB, Lu Q, Weisenberger DJ, Liang G. Integrative Epigenetic Analysis Reveals Therapeutic Targets to the DNA Methyltransferase Inhibitor SGI-110 in Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Hepatology. 2018 May 18. PMID: 29774579.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Thomas MB, Garrett-Mayer E, Anis M, Anderton K, Bentz T, Edwards A, Brisendine A, Weiss G, Siegel AB, Bendell J, Baron A, Duddalwar V, El-Khoueiry A. A Randomized Phase II Open-Label Multi-Institution Study of the Combination of Bevacizumab and Erlotinib Compared to Sorafenib in the First-Line Treatment of Patients with Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Oncology. 2018 May 02; 94(6):329-339. PMID: 29719302.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Aung KL, El-Khoueiry AB, Gelmon K, Tran B, Bajaj G, He B, Chen T, Zhu L, Poojary S, Basak S, Qi Z, Spreafico A, Fischer BS, Desai J. A multi-arm phase I dose escalating study of an oral NOTCH inhibitor BMS-986115 in patients with advanced solid tumours. Invest New Drugs. 2018 Apr 10. PMID: 29637471.
      View in: PubMed
    6. El-Khoueiry AB, O'Donnell R, Semrad TJ, Mack P, Blanchard S, Bahary N, Jiang Y, Yen Y, Wright J, Chen H, Lenz HJ, Gandara DR. A phase I trial of escalating doses of cixutumumab (IMC-A12) and sorafenib in the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2018 May; 81(5):957-963. PMID: 29520435.
      View in: PubMed
    7. El-Khoueiry AB, Sarantopoulos J, O'Bryant CL, Ciombor KK, Xu H, O'Gorman M, Chakrabarti J, Usari T, El-Rayes BF. Evaluation of hepatic impairment on pharmacokinetics and safety of crizotinib in patients with advanced cancer. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2018 Apr; 81(4):659-670. PMID: 29468455.
      View in: PubMed
    8. King GT, Eaton KD, Beagle BR, Zopf CJ, Wong GY, Krupka HI, Hua SY, Messersmith WA, El-Khoueiry AB. A phase 1, dose-escalation study of PF-06664178, an anti-Trop-2/Aur0101 antibody-drug conjugate in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors. Invest New Drugs. 2018 Jan 15. PMID: 29333575.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Javle M, Lowery M, Shroff RT, Weiss KH, Springfeld C, Borad MJ, Ramanathan RK, Goyal L, Sadeghi S, Macarulla T, El-Khoueiry A, Kelley RK, Borbath I, Choo SP, Oh DY, Philip PA, Chen LT, Reungwetwattana T, Van Cutsem E, Yeh KH, Ciombor K, Finn RS, Patel A, Sen S, Porter D, Isaacs R, Zhu AX, Abou-Alfa GK, Bekaii-Saab T. Phase II Study of BGJ398 in Patients With FGFR-Altered Advanced Cholangiocarcinoma. J Clin Oncol. 2018 Jan 20; 36(3):276-282. PMID: 29182496.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Venook AP, Niedzwiecki D, Lenz HJ, Innocenti F, Fruth B, Meyerhardt JA, Schrag D, Greene C, O'Neil BH, Atkins JN, Berry S, Polite BN, O'Reilly EM, Goldberg RM, Hochster HS, Schilsky RL, Bertagnolli MM, El-Khoueiry AB, Watson P, Benson AB, Mulkerin DL, Mayer RJ, Blanke C. Effect of First-Line Chemotherapy Combined With Cetuximab or Bevacizumab on Overall Survival in Patients With KRAS Wild-Type Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2017 06 20; 317(23):2392-2401. PMID: 28632865.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Azad NS, El-Khoueiry A, Yin J, Oberg AL, Flynn P, Adkins D, Sharma A, Weisenberger DJ, Brown T, Medvari P, Jones PA, Easwaran H, Kamel I, Bahary N, Kim G, Picus J, Pitot HC, Erlichman C, Donehower R, Shen H, Laird PW, Piekarz R, Baylin S, Ahuja N. Combination epigenetic therapy in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) with subcutaneous 5-azacitidine and entinostat: a phase 2 consortium/stand up 2 cancer study. Oncotarget. 2017 May 23; 8(21):35326-35338. PMID: 28186961.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Hyman DM, Smyth LM, Donoghue MTA, Westin SN, Bedard PL, Dean EJ, Bando H, El-Khoueiry AB, Pérez-Fidalgo JA, Mita A, Schellens JHM, Chang MT, Reichel JB, Bouvier N, Selcuklu SD, Soumerai TE, Torrisi J, Erinjeri JP, Ambrose H, Barrett JC, Dougherty B, Foxley A, Lindemann JPO, McEwen R, Pass M, Schiavon G, Berger MF, Chandarlapaty S, Solit DB, Banerji U, Baselga J, Taylor BS. AKT Inhibition in Solid Tumors With AKT1 Mutations. J Clin Oncol. 2017 Jul 10; 35(20):2251-2259. PMID: 28489509.
      View in: PubMed
    13. El-Khoueiry AB, Sangro B, Yau T, Crocenzi TS, Kudo M, Hsu C, Kim TY, Choo SP, Trojan J, Welling TH, Meyer T, Kang YK, Yeo W, Chopra A, Anderson J, Dela Cruz C, Lang L, Neely J, Tang H, Dastani HB, Melero I. Nivolumab in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (CheckMate 040): an open-label, non-comparative, phase 1/2 dose escalation and expansion trial. Lancet. 2017 Jun 24; 389(10088):2492-2502. PMID: 28434648.
      View in: PubMed
    14. El-Khoueiry A. The Promise of Immunotherapy in the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book. 2017; 37:311-317. PMID: 28561676.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Ning Y, Zhang W, Hanna DL, Yang D, Okazaki S, Berger MD, Miyamoto Y, Suenaga M, Schirripa M, El-Khoueiry A, Lenz HJ. Clinical relevance of EMT and stem-like gene expression in circulating tumor cells of metastatic colorectal cancer patients. Pharmacogenomics J. 2018 Jan; 18(1):29-34. PMID: 27503579.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Adjei AA, Richards DA, El-Khoueiry A, Braiteh F, Becerra CH, Stephenson JJ, Hezel AF, Sherman M, Garbo L, Leffingwell DP, Iverson C, Miner JN, Shen Z, Yeh LT, Gunawan S, Wilson DM, Manhard KJ, Rajagopalan P, Krissel H, Clendeninn NJ. A Phase I Study of the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of Combination Therapy with Refametinib plus Sorafenib in Patients with Advanced Cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2016 May 15; 22(10):2368-76. PMID: 26644411.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Kuang Y, El-Khoueiry A, Taverna P, Ljungman M, Neamati N. Guadecitabine (SGI-110) priming sensitizes hepatocellular carcinoma cells to oxaliplatin. Mol Oncol. 2015 Nov; 9(9):1799-814. PMID: 26160429.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Ben-Josef E, Guthrie KA, El-Khoueiry AB, Corless CL, Zalupski MM, Lowy AM, Thomas CR, Alberts SR, Dawson LA, Micetich KC, Thomas MB, Siegel AB, Blanke CD. SWOG S0809: A Phase II Intergroup Trial of Adjuvant Capecitabine and Gemcitabine Followed by Radiotherapy and Concurrent Capecitabine in Extrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma and Gallbladder Carcinoma. J Clin Oncol. 2015 Aug 20; 33(24):2617-22. PMID: 25964250; PMCID: PMC4534524.
    19. Siegel AB, El-Khoueiry AB, Finn RS, Guthrie KA, Goyal A, Venook AP, Blanke CD, Verna EC, Dove L, Emond J, Kato T, Samstein B, Busuttil R, Remotti H, Coffey A, Brown RS. Phase I trial of sorafenib following liver transplantation in patients with high-risk hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver Cancer. 2015 Mar; 4(2):115-25. PMID: 26020033; PMCID: PMC4439789.
    20. Newman EM, Morgan RJ, Kummar S, Beumer JH, Blanchard MS, Ruel C, El-Khoueiry AB, Carroll MI, Hou JM, Li C, Lenz HJ, Eiseman JL, Doroshow JH. A phase I, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic evaluation of the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-fluoro-2'-deoxycytidine, administered with tetrahydrouridine. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2015 Mar; 75(3):537-46. PMID: 25567350; PMCID: PMC4344391.
    21. Bohanes P, Yang D, Loupakis F, LaBonte MJ, Gerger A, Ning Y, Lenz C, Lenz F, Wakatsuki T, Zhang W, Benhaim L, El-Khoueiry A, El-Khoueiry R, Lenz HJ. Integrin genetic variants and stage-specific tumor recurrence in patients with stage II and III colon cancer. Pharmacogenomics J. 2015 Jun; 15(3):226-34. PMID: 25487679.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Wagner AJ, Messersmith WA, Shaik MN, Li S, Zheng X, McLachlan KR, Cesari R, Courtney R, Levin WJ, El-Khoueiry AB. A phase I study of PF-04449913, an oral hedgehog inhibitor, in patients with advanced solid tumors. Clin Cancer Res. 2015 Mar 01; 21(5):1044-51. PMID: 25388167.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Piatek CI, Raja GL, Ji L, Gitlitz BJ, Dorff TB, Quinn DI, Hu J, El-Khoueiry AB, Pham HQ, Roman L, Garcia AA. Phase I clinical trial of temsirolimus and vinorelbine in advanced solid tumors. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2014 Dec; 74(6):1227-34. PMID: 25374407.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Koczywas M, Frankel PH, Synold TW, Lenz HJ, Mortimer JE, El-Khoueiry AB, Gandara DR, Cristea MC, Chung VM, Lim D, Reckamp KL, Lau DH, Doyle LA, Ruel C, Carroll MI, Newman EM. Phase I study of the halichondrin B analogue eribulin mesylate in combination with cisplatin in advanced solid tumors. Br J Cancer. 2014 Dec 09; 111(12):2268-74. PMID: 25349975; PMCID: PMC4264453.
    25. Knox JJ, Qin R, Strosberg JR, Tan B, Kaubisch A, El-Khoueiry AB, Bekaii-Saab TS, Rousey SR, Chen HX, Erlichman C. A phase II trial of bevacizumab plus temsirolimus in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Invest New Drugs. 2015 Feb; 33(1):241-6. PMID: 25318437.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Yang D, Hanna DL, Usher J, LoCoco J, Chaudhari P, Lenz HJ, Setiawan VW, El-Khoueiry A. Impact of sex on the survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results analysis. Cancer. 2014 Dec 01; 120(23):3707-16. PMID: 25081299.
      View in: PubMed
    27. El-Khoueiry AB, Rankin C, Siegel AB, Iqbal S, Gong IY, Micetich KC, Kayaleh OR, Lenz HJ, Blanke CD. S0941: a phase 2 SWOG study of sorafenib and erlotinib in patients with advanced gallbladder carcinoma or cholangiocarcinoma. Br J Cancer. 2014 Feb 18; 110(4):882-7. PMID: 24423918; PMCID: PMC3929880.
    28. El-Khoueiry A, Posey JA, Castillo Ferrando JR, Krishnamurthi SS, Syed S, Kollia G, Walters I, Fischer BS, Masson E. The effects of liver impairment on the pharmacokinetics of brivanib, a dual inhibitor of fibroblast growth factor receptor and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2013 Jul; 72(1):53-64. PMID: 23719718.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Zhu AX, Gold PJ, El-Khoueiry AB, Abrams TA, Morikawa H, Ohishi N, Ohtomo T, Philip PA. First-in-man phase I study of GC33, a novel recombinant humanized antibody against glypican-3, in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Clin Cancer Res. 2013 Feb 15; 19(4):920-8. PMID: 23362325.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Wilson PM, Labonte MJ, Martin SC, Kuwahara ST, El-Khoueiry A, Lenz HJ, Ladner RD. Sustained inhibition of deacetylases is required for the antitumor activity of the histone deactylase inhibitors panobinostat and vorinostat in models of colorectal cancer. Invest New Drugs. 2013 Aug; 31(4):845-57. PMID: 23299388.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Pohl A, El-Khoueiry A, Yang D, Zhang W, Lurje G, Ning Y, Winder T, Hu-Lieskoven S, Iqbal S, Danenberg KD, Kahn M, Teo JL, Shriki J, Stebbing J, Lenz HJ. Pharmacogenetic profiling of CD133 is associated with response rate (RR) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), treated with bevacizumab-based chemotherapy. Pharmacogenomics J. 2013 Apr; 13(2):173-80. PMID: 22231565; PMCID: PMC3326190.
    32. Labonte MJ, Wilson PM, Yang D, Zhang W, Ladner RD, Ning Y, Gerger A, Bohanes PO, Benhaim L, El-Khoueiry R, El-Khoueiry A, Lenz HJ. The Cyclin D1 (CCND1) A870G polymorphism predicts clinical outcome to lapatinib and capecitabine in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer. Ann Oncol. 2012 Jun; 23(6):1455-64. PMID: 21989330; PMCID: PMC3360546.
    33. Gerger A, Zhang W, Yang D, Bohanes P, Ning Y, Winder T, LaBonte MJ, Wilson PM, Benhaim L, Paez D, El-Khoueiry R, El-Khoueiry A, Kahn M, Lenz HJ. Common cancer stem cell gene variants predict colon cancer recurrence. Clin Cancer Res. 2011 Nov 01; 17(21):6934-43. PMID: 21918173.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Gerger A, El-Khoueiry A, Zhang W, Yang D, Singh H, Bohanes P, Ning Y, Winder T, Labonte MJ, Wilson PM, Benhaim L, Paez D, El-Khoueiry R, Absenger G, Lenz HJ. Pharmacogenetic angiogenesis profiling for first-line Bevacizumab plus oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2011 Sep 01; 17(17):5783-92. PMID: 21791631; PMCID: PMC3174848.
    35. El-Khoueiry AB, Rankin CJ, Ben-Josef E, Lenz HJ, Gold PJ, Hamilton RD, Govindarajan R, Eng C, Blanke CD. SWOG 0514: a phase II study of sorafenib in patients with unresectable or metastatic gallbladder carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. Invest New Drugs. 2012 Aug; 30(4):1646-51. PMID: 21748296; PMCID: PMC3490705.
    36. Garrett CR, Siu LL, El-Khoueiry A, Buter J, Rocha-Lima CM, Marshall J, LoRusso P, Major P, Chemidlin J, Mokliatchouk O, Velasquez L, Hayes W, Feltquate D, Syed S, Ford S, Kollia G, Galbraith S, Nuyten DS. Phase I dose-escalation study to determine the safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of brivanib alaninate in combination with full-dose cetuximab in patients with advanced gastrointestinal malignancies who have failed prior therapy. Br J Cancer. 2011 Jun 28; 105(1):44-52. PMID: 21629245; PMCID: PMC3137402.
    37. Iqbal S, Rankin C, Lenz HJ, Gold PJ, Ahmad SA, El-Khoueiry AB, Messino MJ, Holcombe RF, Blanke CD. A phase II trial of gemcitabine and capecitabine in patients with unresectable or metastatic gallbladder cancer or cholangiocarcinoma: Southwest Oncology Group study S0202. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011 Dec; 68(6):1595-602. PMID: 21556747; PMCID: PMC3519425.
    38. LaBonte MJ, Wilson PM, Fazzone W, Russell J, Louie SG, El-Khoueiry A, Lenz HJ, Ladner RD. The dual EGFR/HER2 inhibitor lapatinib synergistically enhances the antitumor activity of the histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat in colorectal cancer models. Cancer Res. 2011 May 15; 71(10):3635-48. PMID: 21464044; PMCID: PMC3118510.
    39. El-Khoueiry AB, Ramanathan RK, Yang DY, Zhang W, Shibata S, Wright JJ, Gandara D, Lenz HJ. A randomized phase II of gemcitabine and sorafenib versus sorafenib alone in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Invest New Drugs. 2012 Jun; 30(3):1175-83. PMID: 21424698; PMCID: PMC3745766.
    40. Iqbal S, Tsao-Wei DD, Quinn DI, Gitlitz BJ, Groshen S, Aparicio A, Lenz HJ, El-Khoueiry A, Pinski J, Garcia AA. Phase I clinical trial of pegylated liposomal Doxorubicin and docetaxel in patients with advanced solid tumors. Am J Clin Oncol. 2011 Feb; 34(1):27-31. PMID: 20142723.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Wilson PM, El-Khoueiry A, Iqbal S, Fazzone W, LaBonte MJ, Groshen S, Yang D, Danenberg KD, Cole S, Kornacki M, Ladner RD, Lenz HJ. A phase I/II trial of vorinostat in combination with 5-fluorouracil in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who previously failed 5-FU-based chemotherapy. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2010 Apr; 65(5):979-88. PMID: 20062993.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Zhu AX, El-Khoueiry A, Llovet JM. Accomplishments in 2008 in the management of hepatobiliary cancers. Gastrointest Cancer Res. 2009 Sep; 3(5 Supplement 2):S28-36. PMID: 20011562; PMCID: PMC2791389.
    43. Lurje G, Husain H, Power DG, Yang D, Groshen S, Pohl A, Zhang W, Ning Y, Manegold PC, El-Khoueiry A, Iqbal S, Tang LH, Shah MA, Lenz HJ. Genetic variations in angiogenesis pathway genes associated with clinical outcome in localized gastric adenocarcinoma. Ann Oncol. 2010 Jan; 21(1):78-86. PMID: 19622587; PMCID: PMC2795613.
    44. Etzioni DA, El-Khoueiry AB, Beart RW. Rates and predictors of chemotherapy use for stage III colon cancer: a systematic review. Cancer. 2008 Dec 15; 113(12):3279-89. PMID: 18951522.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Lurje G, Nagashima F, Zhang W, Yang D, Chang HM, Gordon MA, El-Khoueiry A, Husain H, Wilson PM, Ladner RD, Mauro DJ, Langer C, Rowinsky EK, Lenz HJ. Polymorphisms in cyclooxygenase-2 and epidermal growth factor receptor are associated with progression-free survival independent of K-ras in metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with single-agent cetuximab. Clin Cancer Res. 2008 Dec 01; 14(23):7884-95. PMID: 19047118.
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    46. Press OA, Zhang W, Gordon MA, Yang D, Lurje G, Iqbal S, El-Khoueiry A, Lenz HJ. Gender-related survival differences associated with EGFR polymorphisms in metastatic colon cancer. Cancer Res. 2008 Apr 15; 68(8):3037-42. PMID: 18413774.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Lurje G, Zhang W, Yang D, Groshen S, Hendifar AE, Husain H, Nagashima F, Chang HM, Fazzone W, Ladner RD, Pohl A, Ning Y, Iqbal S, El-Khoueiry A, Lenz HJ. Thymidylate synthase haplotype is associated with tumor recurrence in stage II and stage III colon cancer. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2008 Feb; 18(2):161-8. PMID: 18192902.
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    48. Azuma M, Shi M, Danenberg KD, Gardner H, Barrett C, Jacques CJ, Sherod A, Iqbal S, El-Khoueiry A, Yang D, Zhang W, Danenberg PV, Lenz HJ. Serum lactate dehydrogenase levels and glycolysis significantly correlate with tumor VEGFA and VEGFR expression in metastatic CRC patients. Pharmacogenomics. 2007 Dec; 8(12):1705-13. PMID: 18086000.
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    49. Zhang W, Press OA, Haiman CA, Yang DY, Gordon MA, Fazzone W, El-Khoueiry A, Iqbal S, Sherrod AE, Lurje G, Lenz HJ. Association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphisms and sex-specific survival in patients with metastatic colon cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2007 Aug 20; 25(24):3726-31. PMID: 17704422.
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    50. Yang D, Schneider S, Azuma M, Iqbal S, El-Khoueiry A, Groshen S, Agafitei D, Danenberg KD, Danenberg PV, Ladner RD, Lenz HJ. Gene expression levels of epidermal growth factor receptor, survivin, and vascular endothelial growth factor as molecular markers of lymph node involvement in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Clin Colorectal Cancer. 2006 Nov; 6(4):305-11. PMID: 17241515.
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    51. Govindarajan R, Adusumilli J, Baxter DL, El-Khoueiry A, Harik SI. Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome induced by RAF kinase inhibitor BAY 43-9006. J Clin Oncol. 2006 Oct 01; 24(28):e48. PMID: 17008686.
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    52. Azuma M, Danenberg KD, Iqbal S, El-Khoueiry A, Zhang W, Yang D, Koizumi W, Saigenji K, Danenberg PV, Lenz HJ. Epidermal growth factor receptor and epidermal growth factor receptor variant III gene expression in metastatic colorectal cancer. Clin Colorectal Cancer. 2006 Sep; 6(3):214-8. PMID: 17026791.
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    53. Schneider S, Park DJ, Yang D, El-Khoueiry A, Sherrod A, Groshen S, Streeter O, Iqbal S, Danenberg KD, Lenz HJ. Gene expression in tumor-adjacent normal tissue is associated with recurrence in patients with rectal cancer treated with adjuvant chemoradiation. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2006 Aug; 16(8):555-63. PMID: 16847424.
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    54. El-Khoueiry AB, Lenz HJ. Should continuous infusion 5-fluorouracil become the standard of care in the USA as it is in Europe? Cancer Invest. 2006 Feb; 24(1):50-5. PMID: 16466993.
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