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Thomas A Buchanan, MD

Title(s)Professor of Medicine
SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
Phone+1 323 442 1803
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Vice Dean for Research

    Title(s)Director of the CTSI,

    Title(s)Co-Director, Diabetes and Obesity Research Institute

    Title(s)Endocrine Division Chief in the Department of Medicine


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Iowa State University1974Phi Beta Kappa
    American Diabetes Association, Northern Illinois Affliate1983Young Investigator Award
    University of Iowa1978Alpha Omega Alpha
    American Diabetes Association1995  - 1997Chair, Council on Diabetes and Pregnancy
    NIH1995  - 1997Chair, Special Emphasis Panel, Hyperglycemia and Pregnancy Outcomes
    Australian Diabetes Association1995Medisense International Lecture
    Canadian Diabetes Association1995Novo-Nordisk International Lecture
    American Diabetes Association1999Norbert Freinkel Award
    University of Washington2000John Ensinck Lecture
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab2002Endocrine Society-Pharmacia Award for Excellence in Published Clinical Research
    American Diabetes Association2004Distinguished Clinical Scientist Award
    Association of American Physicians2006Elected Member
    Irish Endocrine Society2011Lilly Lecture
    Western Society for Clinical Investigation2014Mayo Soley Award
    University of California, Los Angeles2014Josiah Brown Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Thomas A. Buchanan, M.D., is Professor of Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Physiology and Biophysics; Vice Dean for Research; Chief of the Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes in the Department of Medicine in Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California (USC) in Los Angeles. He is also the founding director of the Southern California Clinical and Translational Science Institute.

    Scientifically, Dr. Buchanan conducts research into the etiology, pathogenesis, genetics and prevention of gestational and type 2 diabetes with a focus on diabetes in Hispanic Americans. Buchanan and colleagues have conducted longitudinal studies of high risk individuals to define patterns of change in insulin resistance and insulin secretion that lead to type 2 diabetes. Based on their findings, they then conducted the first successful type 2 diabetes prevention study in the United States. The biological information gained from that study pointed to a specific pancreatic beta cell defect that is heritable, a finding that formed the basis for a large family based study that has helped to identify the genetic basis for the metabolic abnormalities that lead to type 2 diabetes. In aggregate studies performed by Buchanan and his colleagues have contributed to important advances in clinical care for gestational diabetes and the prevention of type 2 diabetes in Hispanic Americans

    Administratively, Dr. Buchanan has championed the development of clinical and translational research at USC, first through his role as director of the General Clinical Research Center (1996-2010). In 2010, he led the team that created the Southern California Clinical and Translational Science Institute, which in turn won a prestigious $56.8 million Clinical and Translational Science Award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to support and promote scientific discoveries and their application in real-life settings to health and health care. He built and directed one of the nation’s largest General Clinical Research Center (GCRC) programs. Since 2010, he has been director and principal investigator of USC’s new Southern California Clinical and Translational Science Institute (SC CTSI).

    During his career, Dr. Buchanan has brought more than $180 million in extramural research funding to USC and the Keck School. He has been ranked as highly 1st at USC and 50th world-wide in annual NIH funding.

    Dr. Buchanan received his medical degree from the University of Iowa, Iowa City, where he completed residency training in internal medicine. He completed his fellowship training in endocrinology and metabolism at Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois.

    A native of Iowa, Dr. Buchanan is an avid cyclist on the challenging Angeles Crest Highway near Los Angeles, a downhill skier and a dedicated family man.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Southern California Clinical and Translational Institute
    NIH/NCATS UL1TR001855Jul 1, 2016 - May 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Beta Cell Restoration through Fat Mitigation
    NIH/NIDDK U01DK094430Sep 23, 2011 - Jun 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Southern California Clinical and Translational Science Institute
    NIH/NCATS KL2TR000131Jul 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Southern California Clinical and Translational Science Institute
    NIH/NCATS UL1TR000130Jul 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Los Angeles Basin Clinical and Translational Science Institute
    NIH/NCRR KL2RR031991Jul 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Los Angeles Basin Clinical and Translational Science Institute
    NIH/NCRR TL1RR031992Jul 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Southern California Clinical and Translational Science Institute
    NIH/NCATS TL1TR000132Jul 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Los Angeles Basin Clinical and Translational Science Institute
    NIH/NCRR UL1RR031986Jul 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Planning Grant for Institutional Clinical and Translational Science Award
    NIH/NCRR P20RR023484Sep 24, 2006 - Sep 23, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Genetics of Beta Cell Failure in Mexican Americans
    NIH/NIDDK R01DK061628Apr 1, 2002 - Apr 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Pathogenesis of Type 2 Diabetes in Latino Women
    NIH/NIDDK R01DK046374Jun 1, 1993 - May 31, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Collapse Featured Publications
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Faculty Mentoring
    Collapse Featured Presentations
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    Collapse Required Scholarly Project Mentor

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Ehrhardt N, Cui J, Dagdeviren S, Saengnipanthkul S, Goodridge HS, Kim JK, Lantier L, Guo X, Chen YI, Raffel LJ, Buchanan TA, Hsueh WA, Rotter JI, Goodarzi MO, Péterfy M. Adiposity-Independent Effects of Aging on Insulin Sensitivity and Clearance in Mice and Humans. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2019 Mar; 27(3):434-443. PMID: 30801985.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Morris AP, Le TH, Wu H, Akbarov A, van der Most PJ, Hemani G, Smith GD, Mahajan A, Gaulton KJ, Nadkarni GN, Valladares-Salgado A, Wacher-Rodarte N, Mychaleckyj JC, Dueker ND, Guo X, Hai Y, Haessler J, Kamatani Y, Stilp AM, Zhu G, Cook JP, Ärnlöv J, Blanton SH, de Borst MH, Bottinger EP, Buchanan TA, Cechova S, Charchar FJ, Chu PL, Damman J, Eales J, Gharavi AG, Giedraitis V, Heath AC, Ipp E, Kiryluk K, Kramer HJ, Kubo M, Larsson A, Lindgren CM, Lu Y, Madden PAF, Montgomery GW, Papanicolaou GJ, Raffel LJ, Sacco RL, Sanchez E, Stark H, Sundstrom J, Taylor KD, Xiang AH, Zivkovic A, Lind L, Ingelsson E, Martin NG, Whitfield JB, Cai J, Laurie CC, Okada Y, Matsuda K, Kooperberg C, Chen YI, Rundek T, Rich SS, Loos RJF, Parra EJ, Cruz M, Rotter JI, Snieder H, Tomaszewski M, Humphreys BD, Franceschini N. Trans-ethnic kidney function association study reveals putative causal genes and effects on kidney-specific disease aetiologies. Nat Commun. 2019 01 03; 10(1):29. PMID: 30604766.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Dieli-Conwright CM, Sweeney FC, Courneya KS, Tripathy D, Sami N, Lee K, Buchanan TA, Spicer D, Bernstein L, Mortimer JE, Demark-Wahnefried W. Hispanic ethnicity as a moderator of the effects of aerobic and resistance exercise in survivors of breast cancer. Cancer. 2019 Mar 15; 125(6):910-920. PMID: 30500981.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Koebnick C, Black MH, Wu J, Shu YH, MacKay AW, Watanabe RM, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH. A diet high in sugar-sweetened beverage and low in fruits and vegetables is associated with adiposity and a pro-inflammatory adipokine profile. Br J Nutr. 2018 Dec; 120(11):1230-1239. PMID: 30375290.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Xiang AH, Wang X, Martinez MP, Getahun D, Page KA, Buchanan TA, Feldman K. Maternal Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 Diabetes, and Type 2 Diabetes During Pregnancy and Risk of ADHD in Offspring. Diabetes Care. 2018 12; 41(12):2502-2508. PMID: 30373735.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Dieli-Conwright CM, Courneya KS, Demark-Wahnefried W, Sami N, Lee K, Sweeney FC, Stewart C, Buchanan TA, Spicer D, Tripathy D, Bernstein L, Mortimer JE. Aerobic and resistance exercise improves physical fitness, bone health, and quality of life in overweight and obese breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled trial. Breast Cancer Res. 2018 Oct 19; 20(1):124. PMID: 30340503.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Xiang AH, Trigo E, Martinez M, Katkhouda N, Beale E, Wang X, Wu J, Chow T, Montgomery C, Nayak KS, Hendee F, Buchanan TA. Impact of Gastric Banding Versus Metformin on ß-Cell Function in Adults With Impaired Glucose Tolerance or Mild Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2018 12; 41(12):2544-2551. PMID: 30282699.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Reuter K, Angyan P, Le N, MacLennan A, Cole S, Bluthenthal RN, Lane CJ, El-Khoueiry AB, Buchanan TA. Monitoring Twitter Conversations for Targeted Recruitment in Cancer Trials in Los Angeles County: Protocol for a Mixed-Methods Pilot Study. JMIR Res Protoc. 2018 Sep 25; 7(9):e177. PMID: 30274964.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Xiang AH, Black MH, Shu YH, Wu J, MacKay A, Koebnick C, Watanabe RM, Buchanan TA. Association of weight gain and fifteen adipokines with declining beta-cell function in Mexican Americans. PLoS One. 2018; 13(8):e0201568. PMID: 30102726.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Wexler DJ, Powe CE, Barbour LA, Buchanan T, Coustan DR, Corcoy R, Damm P, Dunne F, Feig DS, Ferrara A, Harper LM, Landon MB, Meltzer SJ, Metzger BE, Roeder H, Rowan JA, Sacks DA, Simmons D, Umans JG, Catalano PM. Research Gaps in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Executive Summary of a National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Workshop. Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Aug; 132(2):496-505. PMID: 29995731.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Xiang AH, Wang X, Martinez MP, Page K, Buchanan TA, Feldman RK. Maternal Type 1 Diabetes and Risk of Autism in Offspring. JAMA. 2018 07 03; 320(1):89-91. PMID: 29936530.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Barbour LA, Scifres C, Valent AM, Friedman JE, Buchanan TA, Coustan D, Aagaard K, Thornburg KL, Catalano PM, Galan HL, Hay WW, Frias AE, Shankar K, Simmons RA, Moses RG, Sacks DA, Loeken MR. A cautionary response to SMFM statement: pharmacological treatment of gestational diabetes. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Oct; 219(4):367.e1-367.e7. PMID: 29959933.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Dieli-Conwright CM, Courneya KS, Demark-Wahnefried W, Sami N, Lee K, Buchanan TA, Spicer D, Tripathy D, Bernstein L, Mortimer JE. Reply to E. Parkin et al. J Clin Oncol. 2018 Jul 10; 36(20):2129-2130. PMID: 29847294.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Black MH, Shu YH, Wu J, Koebnick C, MacKay A, Watanabe RM, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH. Longitudinal Increases in Adiposity Contribute to Worsening Adipokine Profile over Time in Mexican Americans. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2018 04; 26(4):703-712. PMID: 29427376.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Dieli-Conwright CM, Courneya KS, Demark-Wahnefried W, Sami N, Lee K, Buchanan TA, Spicer DV, Tripathy D, Bernstein L, Mortimer JE. Effects of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Metabolic Syndrome, Sarcopenic Obesity, and Circulating Biomarkers in Overweight or Obese Survivors of Breast Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Clin Oncol. 2018 Mar 20; 36(9):875-883. PMID: 29356607.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Manosroi W, Tan JW, Rariy CM, Sun B, Goodarzi MO, Saxena AR, Williams JS, Pojoga LH, Lasky-Su J, Cui J, Guo X, Taylor KD, Chen YI, Xiang AH, Hsueh WA, Raffel LJ, Buchanan TA, Rotter JI, Williams GH, Seely EW. The Association of Estrogen Receptor-ß Gene Variation With Salt-Sensitive Blood Pressure. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 11 01; 102(11):4124-4135. PMID: 28938457.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Hannon TS, Kahn SE, Utzschneider KM, Buchanan TA, Nadeau KJ, Zeitler PS, Ehrmann DA, Arslanian SA, Caprio S, Edelstein SL, Savage PJ, Mather KJ. Review of methods for measuring ß-cell function: Design considerations from the Restoring Insulin Secretion (RISE) Consortium. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2018 01; 20(1):14-24. PMID: 28493515.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Wood AR, Jonsson A, Jackson AU, Wang N, van Leewen N, Palmer ND, Kobes S, Deelen J, Boquete-Vilarino L, Paananen J, Stancáková A, Boomsma DI, de Geus EJC, Eekhoff EMW, Fritsche A, Kramer M, Nijpels G, Simonis-Bik A, van Haeften TW, Mahajan A, Boehnke M, Bergman RN, Tuomilehto J, Collins FS, Mohlke KL, Banasik K, Groves CJ, McCarthy MI, Pearson ER, Natali A, Mari A, Buchanan TA, Taylor KD, Xiang AH, Gjesing AP, Grarup N, Eiberg H, Pedersen O, Chen YD, Laakso M, Norris JM, Smith U, Wagenknecht LE, Baier L, Bowden DW, Hansen T, Walker M, Watanabe RM, 't Hart LM, Hanson RL, Frayling TM. A Genome-Wide Association Study of IVGTT-Based Measures of First-Phase Insulin Secretion Refines the Underlying Physiology of Type 2 Diabetes Variants. Diabetes. 2017 08; 66(8):2296-2309. PMID: 28490609.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Espinoza SE, Wang CP, Tripathy D, Clement SC, Schwenke DC, Banerji MA, Bray GA, Buchanan TA, Henry RR, Kitabchi AE, Mudaliar S, Stentz FB, Reaven PD, DeFronzo RA, Musi N. Pioglitazone is equally effective for diabetes prevention in older versus younger adults with impaired glucose tolerance. Age (Dordr). 2016 Dec; 38(5-6):485-493. PMID: 27585671.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Palmer ND, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Wang N, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH, Allayee H, Bergman RN, Raffel LJ, Chen YD, Haritunians T, Fingerlin T, Goodarzi MO, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Watanabe RM, Bowden DW. Improved Performance of Dynamic Measures of Insulin Response Over Surrogate Indices to Identify Genetic Contributors of Type 2 Diabetes: The GUARDIAN Consortium. Diabetes. 2016 07; 65(7):2072-80. PMID: 27207554; PMCID: PMC4915581 [Available on 07/01/17].
    21. Tripathy D, Schwenke DC, Banerji M, Bray GA, Buchanan TA, Clement SC, Henry RR, Kitabchi AE, Mudaliar S, Ratner RE, Stentz FB, Musi N, Reaven PD, DeFronzo RA. Diabetes Incidence and Glucose Tolerance after Termination of Pioglitazone Therapy: Results from ACT NOW. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 05; 101(5):2056-62. PMID: 26982008.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Chen Z, Salam MT, Toledo-Corral C, Watanabe RM, Xiang AH, Buchanan TA, Habre R, Bastain TM, Lurmann F, Wilson JP, Trigo E, Gilliland FD. Ambient Air Pollutants Have Adverse Effects on Insulin and Glucose Homeostasis in Mexican Americans. Diabetes Care. 2016 Apr; 39(4):547-54. PMID: 26868440.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Baudrand R, Goodarzi MO, Vaidya A, Underwood PC, Williams JS, Jeunemaitre X, Hopkins PN, Brown N, Raby BA, Lasky-Su J, Adler GK, Cui J, Guo X, Taylor KD, Chen YD, Xiang A, Raffel LJ, Buchanan TA, Rotter JI, Williams GH, Pojoga LH. A prevalent caveolin-1 gene variant is associated with the metabolic syndrome in Caucasians and Hispanics. Metabolism. 2015 Dec; 64(12):1674-81. PMID: 26475177; PMCID: PMC4641791 [Available on 12/01/16].
    24. Oh YT, Tran D, Buchanan TA, Selsted ME, Youn JH. ?-Defensin RTD-1 improves insulin action and normalizes plasma glucose and FFA levels in diet-induced obese rats. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Jul 15; 309(2):E154-60. PMID: 25991648; PMCID: PMC4504933.
    25. Xiang AH, Wang X, Martinez MP, Walthall JC, Curry ES, Page K, Buchanan TA, Coleman KJ, Getahun D. Association of maternal diabetes with autism in offspring. JAMA. 2015 Apr 14; 313(14):1425-34. PMID: 25871668.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Tripathy D, Cobb JE, Gall W, Adam KP, George T, Schwenke DC, Banerji M, Bray GA, Buchanan TA, Clement SC, Henry RR, Kitabchi AE, Mudaliar S, Ratner RE, Stentz FB, Reaven PD, Musi N, Ferrannini E, DeFronzo RA. A novel insulin resistance index to monitor changes in insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance: the ACT NOW study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 May; 100(5):1855-62. PMID: 25603459; PMCID: PMC4422894.
    27. Black MH, Wu J, Takayanagi M, Wang N, Taylor KD, Haritunians T, Trigo E, Lawrence JM, Watanabe RM, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH. Variation in PPARG is associated with longitudinal change in insulin resistance in Mexican Americans at risk for type 2 diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Mar; 100(3):1187-95. PMID: 25584717; PMCID: PMC4333029.
    28. Palmer ND, Goodarzi MO, Langefeld CD, Wang N, Guo X, Taylor KD, Fingerlin TE, Norris JM, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH, Haritunians T, Ziegler JT, Williams AH, Stefanovski D, Cui J, Mackay AW, Henkin LF, Bergman RN, Gao X, Gauderman J, Varma R, Hanis CL, Cox NJ, Highland HM, Below JE, Williams AL, Burtt NP, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Huerta-Chagoya A, Gonzalez-Villalpando C, Orozco L, Haiman CA, Tsai MY, Johnson WC, Yao J, Rasmussen-Torvik L, Pankow J, Snively B, Jackson RD, Liu S, Nadler JL, Kandeel F, Chen YD, Bowden DW, Rich SS, Raffel LJ, Rotter JI, Watanabe RM, Wagenknecht LE. Genetic Variants Associated With Quantitative Glucose Homeostasis Traits Translate to Type 2 Diabetes in Mexican Americans: The GUARDIAN (Genetics Underlying Diabetes in Hispanics) Consortium. Diabetes. 2015 May; 64(5):1853-66. PMID: 25524916; PMCID: PMC4407862.
    29. Chen Z, Watanabe RM, Stram DO, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH. High calorie intake is associated with worsening insulin resistance and ß-cell function in Hispanic women after gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2014 Dec; 37(12):3294-300. PMID: 25404660.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Xiang AH, Black MH, Li BH, Martinez MP, Sacks DA, Lawrence JM, Buchanan TA, Jacobsen SJ. Racial and ethnic disparities in extremes of fetal growth after gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia. 2015 Feb; 58(2):272-81. PMID: 25341460.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Ren J, Xiang AH, Trigo E, Takayanagi M, Beale E, Lawrence JM, Hartiala J, Richey JM, Allayee H, Buchanan TA, Watanabe RM. Genetic variation in MTNR1B is associated with gestational diabetes mellitus and contributes only to the absolute level of beta cell compensation in Mexican Americans. Diabetologia. 2014 Jul; 57(7):1391-9. PMID: 24728128; PMCID: PMC4117246.
    32. Tripathy D, Clement SC, Schwenke DC, Banerji M, Bray GA, Buchanan TA, Gastaldelli A, Henry RR, Kitabchi AE, Mudaliar S, Ratner RE, Stentz FB, Musi N, Reaven PD, DeFronzo RA. Baseline adiponectin levels do not influence the response to pioglitazone in ACT NOW. Diabetes Care. 2014 Jun; 37(6):1706-11. PMID: 24705615; PMCID: PMC4179517.
    33. Dieli-Conwright CM, Mortimer JE, Schroeder ET, Courneya K, Demark-Wahnefried W, Buchanan TA, Tripathy D, Bernstein L. Randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of combined progressive exercise on metabolic syndrome in breast cancer survivors: rationale, design, and methods. BMC Cancer. 2014 Apr 03; 14:238. PMID: 24708832; PMCID: PMC3985576.
    34. Goodarzi MO, Langefeld CD, Xiang AH, Chen YD, Guo X, Hanley AJ, Raffel LJ, Kandeel F, Nadler JL, Buchanan TA, Norris JM, Fingerlin TE, Lorenzo C, Rewers MJ, Haffner SM, Bowden DW, Rich SS, Bergman RN, Rotter JI, Watanabe RM, Wagenknecht LE. Insulin sensitivity and insulin clearance are heritable and have strong genetic correlation in Mexican Americans. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Apr; 22(4):1157-64. PMID: 24124113; PMCID: PMC3968231.
    35. Page KA, Romero A, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH. Gestational diabetes mellitus, maternal obesity, and adiposity in offspring. J Pediatr. 2014 Apr; 164(4):807-10. PMID: 24388326; PMCID: PMC3962700.
    36. Defronzo RA, Tripathy D, Schwenke DC, Banerji M, Bray GA, Buchanan TA, Clement SC, Henry RR, Kitabchi AE, Mudaliar S, Ratner RE, Stentz FB, Musi N, Reaven PD, Gastaldelli A. Prediction of diabetes based on baseline metabolic characteristics in individuals at high risk. Diabetes Care. 2013 Nov; 36(11):3607-12. PMID: 24062330; PMCID: PMC3816921.
    37. Xiang AH, Takayanagi M, Black MH, Trigo E, Lawrence JM, Watanabe RM, Buchanan TA. Longitudinal changes in insulin sensitivity and beta cell function between women with and without a history of gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia. 2013 Dec; 56(12):2753-60. PMID: 24030069; PMCID: PMC4139094.
    38. Defronzo RA, Tripathy D, Schwenke DC, Banerji M, Bray GA, Buchanan TA, Clement SC, Gastaldelli A, Henry RR, Kitabchi AE, Mudaliar S, Ratner RE, Stentz FB, Musi N, Reaven PD. Prevention of diabetes with pioglitazone in ACT NOW: physiologic correlates. Diabetes. 2013 Nov; 62(11):3920-6. PMID: 23863810; PMCID: PMC3806596.
    39. Black MH, Watanabe RM, Trigo E, Takayanagi M, Lawrence JM, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH. High-fat diet is associated with obesity-mediated insulin resistance and ß-cell dysfunction in Mexican Americans. J Nutr. 2013 Apr; 143(4):479-85. PMID: 23343677; PMCID: PMC3738243.
    40. Chen Z, Black MH, Watanabe RM, Trigo E, Takayanagi M, Lawrence JM, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH. Self-reported physical activity is associated with ß-cell function in Mexican American adults. Diabetes Care. 2013 Mar; 36(3):638-44. PMID: 23223346.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Saremi A, Schwenke DC, Buchanan TA, Hodis HN, Mack WJ, Banerji M, Bray GA, Clement SC, Henry RR, Kitabchi AE, Mudaliar S, Ratner RE, Stentz FB, Musi N, Tripathy D, DeFronzo RA, Reaven PD. Pioglitazone slows progression of atherosclerosis in prediabetes independent of changes in cardiovascular risk factors. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2013 Feb; 33(2):393-9. PMID: 23175674; PMCID: PMC3908828.
    42. Metzger BE, Gabbe SG, Persson B, Buchanan TA, Catalano PM, Damm P, Dyer AR, Hod M, Kitzmiller JL, Lowe LP, McIntyre HD, Oats JJ, Omori Y. The diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus: new paradigms or status quo? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Dec; 25(12):2564-9. PMID: 22876884.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Buchanan TA, Xiang AH, Page KA. Gestational diabetes mellitus: risks and management during and after pregnancy. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2012 Nov; 8(11):639-49. PMID: 22751341; PMCID: PMC4404707.
    44. Williams JS, Chamarthi B, Goodarzi MO, Pojoga LH, Sun B, Garza AE, Raby BA, Adler GK, Hopkins PN, Brown NJ, Jeunemaitre X, Ferri C, Fang R, Leonor T, Cui J, Guo X, Taylor KD, Ida Chen YD, Xiang A, Raffel LJ, Buchanan TA, Rotter JI, Williams GH, Shi Y. Lysine-specific demethylase 1: an epigenetic regulator of salt-sensitive hypertension. Am J Hypertens. 2012 Jul; 25(7):812-7. PMID: 22534796; PMCID: PMC3721725.
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    89. Herbst KL, Calof OM, Hsia SH, Sinha-Hikim I, Woodhouse LJ, Buchanan TA, Bhasin S. Effects of transdermal testosterone administration on insulin sensitivity, fat mass and distribution, and markers of inflammation and thrombolysis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected women with mild to moderate weight loss. Fertil Steril. 2006 Jun; 85(6):1794-802. PMID: 16759927.
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    91. Xiang AH, Kawakubo M, Kjos SL, Buchanan TA. Long-acting injectable progestin contraception and risk of type 2 diabetes in Latino women with prior gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2006 Mar; 29(3):613-7. PMID: 16505515.
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    97. Lei B, Morris DP, Smith MP, Svetkey LP, Newman MF, Rotter JI, Buchanan TA, Beckstrom-Sternberg SM, Green ED, Schwinn DA. Novel human alpha1a-adrenoceptor single nucleotide polymorphisms alter receptor pharmacology and biological function. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2005 Mar; 371(3):229-39. PMID: 15900517; PMCID: PMC2367253.
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    100. Calverley DC, Varteresian T, Brass E, Tsao-Wei DD, Groshen S, Mack WJ, Buchanan TA, Hodis HN, Schreiber AD. Association between monocyte Fcgamma subclass expression and acute coronary syndrome. Immun Ageing. 2004 Nov 12; 1(1):4. PMID: 15679933.
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    101. Snitker S, Watanabe RM, Ani I, Xiang AH, Marroquin A, Ochoa C, Goico J, Shuldiner AR, Buchanan TA. Changes in insulin sensitivity in response to troglitazone do not differ between subjects with and without the common, functional Pro12Ala peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 gene variant: results from the Troglitazone in Prevention of Diabetes (TRIPOD) study. Diabetes Care. 2004 Jun; 27(6):1365-8. PMID: 15161789; PMCID: PMC2928565.
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    103. Chez MG, Buchanan T, Aimonovitch M, Mrazek S, Krasne V, Langburt W, Memon S. Frequency of EEG abnormalities in age-matched siblings of autistic children with abnormal sleep EEG patterns. Epilepsy Behav. 2004 Apr; 5(2):159-62. PMID: 15123015.
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    104. Silander K, Scott LJ, Valle TT, Mohlke KL, Stringham HM, Wiles KR, Duren WL, Doheny KF, Pugh EW, Chines P, Narisu N, White PP, Fingerlin TE, Jackson AU, Li C, Ghosh S, Magnuson VL, Colby K, Erdos MR, Hill JE, Hollstein P, Humphreys KM, Kasad RA, Lambert J, Lazaridis KN, Lin G, Morales-Mena A, Patzkowski K, Pfahl C, Porter R, Rha D, Segal L, Suh YD, Tovar J, Unni A, Welch C, Douglas JA, Epstein MP, Hauser ER, Hagopian W, Buchanan TA, Watanabe RM, Bergman RN, Tuomilehto J, Collins FS, Boehnke M. A large set of Finnish affected sibling pair families with type 2 diabetes suggests susceptibility loci on chromosomes 6, 11, and 14. Diabetes. 2004 Mar; 53(3):821-9. PMID: 14988269.
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    105. Young EM, Considine RV, Sattler FR, Deeg MA, Buchanan TA, Degawa-Yamauchi M, Shankar S, Edmondson-Melançon H, Hernandez J, Dubé MP. Changes in thrombolytic and inflammatory markers after initiation of indinavir- or amprenavir-based antiretroviral therapy. Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2004; 4(2):179-86. PMID: 15371633.
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    106. Pajvani UB, Hawkins M, Combs TP, Rajala MW, Doebber T, Berger JP, Wagner JA, Wu M, Knopps A, Xiang AH, Utzschneider KM, Kahn SE, Olefsky JM, Buchanan TA, Scherer PE. Complex distribution, not absolute amount of adiponectin, correlates with thiazolidinedione-mediated improvement in insulin sensitivity. J Biol Chem. 2004 Mar 26; 279(13):12152-62. PMID: 14699128.
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    107. Zheng L, Buchanan TA, Hodis HN, Li Y, Torres M, Mack WJ. Time from diagnosis of type 2 diabetes to initiation of insulin therapy is related to carotid artery intima-media thickness. Atherosclerosis. 2003 Oct; 170(2):293-9. PMID: 14612210.
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    108. Sacks DA, Chen W, Wolde-Tsadik G, Buchanan TA. Fasting plasma glucose test at the first prenatal visit as a screen for gestational diabetes. Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jun; 101(6):1197-203. PMID: 12798525.
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    109. King DE, Mainous AG, Buchanan TA, Pearson WS. C-reactive protein and glycemic control in adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003 May; 26(5):1535-9. PMID: 12716818.
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    110. Calverley DC, Hacker MR, Loda KA, Brass E, Buchanan TA, Tsao-Wei DD, Groshen S. Increased platelet Fc receptor expression as a potential contributing cause of platelet hypersensitivity to collagen in diabetes mellitus. Br J Haematol. 2003 Apr; 121(1):139-42. PMID: 12670344.
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    111. Buchanan TA. Prevention of type 2 diabetes: what is it really? Diabetes Care. 2003 Apr; 26(4):1306-8. PMID: 12663614.
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    113. Buchanan TA. Pancreatic beta-cell loss and preservation in type 2 diabetes. Clin Ther. 2003; 25 Suppl B:B32-46. PMID: 14553865.
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    115. Sobel BE, Neimane D, Mack WJ, Hodis HN, Buchanan TA. The ratio of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 activity to the concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 protein in diabetes: adding insult to injury. Coron Artery Dis. 2002 Aug; 13(5):275-81. PMID: 12394652.
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    116. Dubé MP, Qian D, Edmondson-Melançon H, Sattler FR, Goodwin D, Martinez C, Williams V, Johnson D, Buchanan TA. Prospective, intensive study of metabolic changes associated with 48 weeks of amprenavir-based antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Aug 15; 35(4):475-81. PMID: 12145733.
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    117. Fingerlin TE, Erdos MR, Watanabe RM, Wiles KR, Stringham HM, Mohlke KL, Silander K, Valle TT, Buchanan TA, Tuomilehto J, Bergman RN, Boehnke M, Collins FS. Variation in three single nucleotide polymorphisms in the calpain-10 gene not associated with type 2 diabetes in a large Finnish cohort. Diabetes. 2002 May; 51(5):1644-8. PMID: 11978669.
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    118. Xiang AH, Azen SP, Buchanan TA, Raffel LJ, Tan S, Cheng LS, Diaz J, Toscano E, Quinonnes M, Liu CR, Liu CH, Castellani LW, Hsueh WA, Rotter JI, Hodis HN. Heritability of subclinical atherosclerosis in Latino families ascertained through a hypertensive parent. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2002 May 01; 22(5):843-8. PMID: 12006400.
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    119. Schaefer-Graf UM, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH, Peters RK, Kjos SL. Clinical predictors for a high risk for the development of diabetes mellitus in the early puerperium in women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Apr; 186(4):751-6. PMID: 11967502.
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    120. Zink TM, Shireman TI, Ho M, Buchanan T. High-risk teen compliance with prescription contraception: an analysis of Ohio Medicaid claims. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2002 Feb; 15(1):15-21. PMID: 11888805.
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    121. Singh AB, Hsia S, Alaupovic P, Sinha-Hikim I, Woodhouse L, Buchanan TA, Shen R, Bross R, Berman N, Bhasin S. The effects of varying doses of T on insulin sensitivity, plasma lipids, apolipoproteins, and C-reactive protein in healthy young men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Jan; 87(1):136-43. PMID: 11788637.
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