Ricky Bluthenthal, PhD

Title(s)Distinguished Professor of Population and Public Health Sciences
SchoolKeck School of Medicine of Usc
AddressSSB 302R 2001 N. Soto Street
Health Sciences Campus
Los Angeles CA 90033
Phone+1 323 442 8236
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0003-3491-1702 Additional info
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Associate Dean for Social Justice


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CAPhD12/1998Sociology
    UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CAMA12/1990Sociology
    UC Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CABA06/1986History & Sociology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Ricky N. Bluthenthal, Ph.D. is the Associate Dean for Social Justice and Vice Chair for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion and a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Population and Public Health Sciences and the Institute for Prevention Research in the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California. He received a BA in History and Sociology from the University of California Santa Cruz and a MA and PhD in sociology from the University of California Berkeley. His research has established the effectiveness of syringe exchange programs, tested novel interventions and strategies to reduce HIV risk and improve HIV testing among injection drug users and men who have sex with men, documented how community conditions contribute to health disparities, and examined health policy implementation. His current studies include an observational cohort study of how cannabis legalization impacts use patterns and health outcomes of cannabis and opioids among people who inject drugs and a randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of a single session intervention to reduce injection initiation risk behaviors among established people who inject drugs. Dr. Bluthenthal has authored or co-authored over 190 articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals such as the American Journal of Public Health, Social Science and Medicine, The Lancet, Addiction, and Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research among others. He is on the editorial boards of the International Journal of Drug Policy, Drug and Alcohol Dependence, and PLOS ONE.

    #Courses
    Program Evaluation and Research
    Introduction to Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
    Qualitative Research Methods in Public Health
    Practice of Public Health

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Cannabis use and health outcomes among opioid-using people who inject drugs in the context of cannabis legalization
    NIH R01DA046049Feb 1, 2019 - Nov 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Preventing injection initiation: The Change The Cycle Randomized Controlled Trial
    NIH R01DA038965Aug 1, 2015 - Jun 30, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Partners for Strong, Healthy Families (PSHF)
    NIH R24MD007978Aug 8, 2013 - Mar 21, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Exploratory Research on Late Initiation of Drug Injection
    NIH R01DA027689Sep 30, 2010 - Aug 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PS08-002, THE HJ MILE HIV PREVENTION INTERVENTION
    NIH UR6PS001098Sep 30, 2008 - Sep 29, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Impact of Business Improvement District on Youth Violenc
    NIH U49CE000773Sep 1, 2005 - Aug 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Understanding Outcome Disparities in Alcohol Treatment
    NIH R21AA013813May 8, 2003 - Apr 30, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    COMMUNITY CONTEXT, SEP OPERATIONS, &HIV RISK AMONG IDUs
    NIH R01DA014210Sep 30, 2002 - Nov 30, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Malt beverage use &outcomes in a minority community
    NIH R21AA013534Sep 29, 2001 - Aug 31, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SYRINGE EXCHANGE PEER MOBILIZATION INTERVENTION
    NIH R01DA009532Jul 15, 1995 - Mar 31, 2007
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

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      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
      Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
      Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
      1. Racial discrimination and substance use among people of color. Psychol Addict Behav. 2024 Jun; 38(4):405-408. Oh H, Sami M, Bluthenthal R, Huh J. PMID: 38780579; PMCID: PMC11125523.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:
      2. Comparing harm reduction and overdose response services between community-based and public health department syringe service programmes using a national cross-sectional survey. Lancet Reg Health Am. 2024 Jun; 34:100757. Ray BR, Humphrey JL, Patel SV, Akiba CF, Bluthenthal RN, Tookes H, LaKosky PA, Wenger LD, Kral AH, Lambdin BH. PMID: 38745887; PMCID: PMC11091529.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:
      3. Opioid use, prescribing and fatal overdose patterns among racial/ethnic minorities in the United States: A scoping review and conceptual risk environment model. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2024 Apr 22. Ezell JM, Pho MT, Ajayi BP, Simek E, Shetty N, Goddard-Eckrich DA, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 38646735.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:
      4. Funding and Delivery of Syringe Services Programs in the United States, 2022. Am J Public Health. 2024 Apr; 114(4):435-443. Facente SN, Humphrey JL, Akiba C, Patel SV, Wenger LD, Tookes H, Bluthenthal RN, LaKosky P, Prohaska S, Morris T, Kral AH, Lambdin BH. PMID: 38478864; PMCID: PMC10937606.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      5. Placement into Scattered-Site or Place-Based Permanent Supportive Housing in Los Angeles County, CA, During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2024 Mar 14. Henwood BF, Kuhn R, Gonzalez AL, Chien J, Tu Y, Bluthenthal R, Cousineau M, Padwa H, Ijadi-Maghsoodi R, Chinchilla M, Smith BT, Gelberg L. PMID: 38483751.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
      6. Organize and mobilize for implementation effectiveness to improve overdose education and naloxone distribution from syringe services programs: a randomized controlled trial. Implement Sci. 2024 Feb 28; 19(1):22. Lambdin BH, Bluthenthal RN, Garner BR, Wenger LD, Browne EN, Morris T, Ongais L, Megerian CE, Kral AH. PMID: 38419058; PMCID: PMC10900734.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      7. Characterizing Opioid Withdrawal Experiences and Consequences Among a Community Sample of People Who Use Opioids. Subst Use Misuse. 2024; 59(6):886-894. Simpson KA, Bolshakova M, Kirkpatrick MG, Davis JP, Cho J, Barrington-Trimis J, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 38287506.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      8. Updates on syringe coverage and service uptake among needle and syringe programs in the United States, 2019-2020. Int J Drug Policy. 2024 Jan; 123:104289. Tookes HE, Bartholomew TS, Sugar SES, Plesons MD, Bluthenthal RN, Wenger LD, Patel SV, Kral AH, Lambdin BH. PMID: 38071932; PMCID: PMC10878422.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      9. Characterizing prescription opioid, heroin, and fentanyl initiation trajectories: A qualitative study. Soc Sci Med. 2024 Jan; 340:116441. Perdue T, Carlson R, Daniulaityte R, Silverstein SM, Bluthenthal RN, Valdez A, Cepeda A. PMID: 38061222.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      10. "Notice of major cleaning": A qualitative study of the negative impact of encampment sweeps on the ontological security of unhoused people who use drugs. Soc Sci Med. 2023 12; 339:116408. Goldshear JL, Kitonga N, Angelo N, Cowan A, Henwood BF, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 37980786.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      11. Abolition and harm reduction in the struggle for "Care, Not Cages". Int J Drug Policy. 2023 Nov; 121:104163. Levenson J, Textor L, Bluthenthal R, Darby A, Wahbi R, Clayton-Johnson MA. PMID: 37722347.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      12. Availability of telehealth-based services at syringe services programs under the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency. Harm Reduct J. 2023 09 02; 20(1):122. Bartholomew TS, Tookes HE, Chueng TA, Bluthenthal RN, Wenger LD, Kral AH, Lambdin BH. PMID: 37660029; PMCID: PMC10475193.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      13. 'New evidence' for Syringe Services Programs? A call for rigor and skepticism. Int J Drug Policy. 2023 Nov; 121:104107. Lambdin BH, Bluthenthal RN, Humphrey JL, LaKosky P, Prohaska S, Kral AH. PMID: 37996217.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      14. Bringing Lived Experience to Research on Health and Homelessness: Perspectives of Researchers and Lived Experience Partners. Community Ment Health J. 2023 10; 59(7):1235-1242. Padwa H, Henwood BF, Ijadi-Maghsoodi R, Tran-Smith B, Darby A, Bluthenthal R, Chinchilla M, Vickery KD, Kuhn R, Lawton A, Fenderson E, Galarza E, Haynes A, King D, Martiniuk E, Marshall P, Mendoza S, Patton T, Shaw S, Stevens R, Gelberg L. PMID: 37204566; PMCID: PMC10198013.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      15. Population-Level Health Effects of Involuntary Displacement of People Experiencing Unsheltered Homelessness Who Inject Drugs in US Cities. JAMA. 2023 05 02; 329(17):1478-1486. Barocas JA, Nall SK, Axelrath S, Pladsen C, Boyer A, Kral AH, Meehan AA, Savinkina A, Peery D, Bien M, Agnew-Brune C, Goldshear J, Chiang J, Linas BP, Gonsalves G, Bluthenthal RN, Mosites E, NHBS Study Group. PMID: 37036716; PMCID: PMC10087093.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      16. Investigating the Comparative Effectiveness of Place-Based and Scatter-Site Permanent Supportive Housing for People Experiencing Homelessness During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Protocols for a Mixed Methods, Prospective Longitudinal Study. JMIR Res Protoc. 2023 Apr 28; 12:e46782. Henwood BF, Kuhn R, Padwa H, Ijadi-Maghsoodi R, Corletto G, Lawton A, Chien J, Bluthenthal R, Cousineau MR, Chinchilla M, Tran Smith B, Vickery KD, Harris T, Patanwala M, Akabike W, Gelberg L. PMID: 37115590; PMCID: PMC10150866.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
      17. Martin Y. Iguchi (1955-2021). Am Psychol. 2023 Jul-Aug; 78(5):721. Beletsky L, McCreedy K, Kilmer B, Bluthenthal R, Liccardo Pacula R, Smart R. PMID: 37079814.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
      18. Interrupted Time Series Analysis: Patient Characteristics and Rates of Opioid-Use-Disorder-Related Emergency Department Visits in the Los Angeles County Public Hospital System during COVID-19. Healthcare (Basel). 2023 Mar 29; 11(7). Johnson E, Axeen S, Vosooghi A, Lam CN, Bluthenthal R, Schneberk T. PMID: 37046906; PMCID: PMC10093818.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:
      19. A National Portrait of Public Attitudes toward Opioid Use in the US: A Latent Class Analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 03 02; 20(5). Walters SM, Liu W, Lamuda P, Huh J, Brewer R, Johnson O, Bluthenthal RN, Taylor B, Schneider JA. PMID: 36901465; PMCID: PMC10001548.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      20. How do contextual factors influence naloxone distribution from syringe service programs in the USA: a cross-sectional study. Harm Reduct J. 2023 02 28; 20(1):26. Lambdin BH, Wenger L, Bluthenthal R, Bartholomew TS, Tookes HE, LaKosky P, O'Neill S, Kral AH. PMID: 36855181; PMCID: PMC9972698.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      21. Substance use policy and practice in the COVID-19 pandemic: Learning from early pandemic responses through internationally comparative field data. Glob Public Health. 2022 12; 17(12):3654-3669. Aronowitz SV, Carroll JJ, Hansen H, Jauffret-Roustide M, Parker CM, Suhail-Sindhu S, Albizu-Garcia C, Alegria M, Arrendondo J, Baldacchino A, Bluthenthal R, Bourgois P, Burraway J, Chen JS, Ekhtiari H, Elkhoy H, Farhoudian A, Friedman J, Jordan A, Kato L, Knight K, Martinez C, McNeil R, Murray H, Namirembe S, Radfar R, Roe L, Sarang A, Scherz C, Tay Wee Teck J, Textor L, Thi Hai Oanh K. PMID: 36692903.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      22. Advocacy for Health Justice: An Innovative Pilot Course for MD and Master of Public Policy Students. Teach Learn Med. 2024 Apr-May; 36(2):198-210. Hallowell R, Saluja S, Lewis L, Novak DA, Valentine W, Batch E, Clayton Johnson MA, Bluthenthal RN, Cousineau MR, Ben-Ari R. PMID: 36519450.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      23. Effect of Didactic Training on Barriers and Biases to Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder: Meeting the Ongoing Needs of Patients with Opioid Use Disorder in the Emergency Department during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Healthcare (Basel). 2022 Nov 29; 10(12). Johnson E, Bolshakova M, Vosooghi A, Lam CN, Trotzky-Sirr R, Bluthenthal R, Schneberk T. PMID: 36553917.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
      24. A qualitative analysis of internal medicine residents' experience with substance use disorder education and training: a pilot study. J Addict Dis. 2024 Jan-Mar; 42(1):63-70. Bolshakova M, González JL, Thompson T, Schneberk T, Sussman S, Unger JB, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 36330994.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      25. Refining a Multicomponent Intervention to Increase Perceived HIV Risk and PrEP Initiation: Focus Group Study Among Black Sexual Minority Men. JMIR Form Res. 2022 Aug 10; 6(8):e34181. Dangerfield Ii DT, Anderson JN, Wylie C, Arrington-Sanders R, Bluthenthal RN, Beyrer C, Farley JE. PMID: 35947442; PMCID: PMC9403828.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
      26. Trajectories of Nicotine Use Leading to Dual and Cyclical Tobacco Product Use in Young Adults. Nicotine Tob Res. 2022 06 15; 24(7):986-993. Kechter A, Simpson KA, Ceasar RC, Schiff SJ, Yamaguchi N, Bluthenthal RN, Smiley SL, Barrington-Trimis JL. PMID: 34850184; PMCID: PMC9199940.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      27. Best practices for community-based overdose education and naloxone distribution programs: results from using the Delphi approach. Harm Reduct J. 2022 05 28; 19(1):55. Wenger LD, Doe-Simkins M, Wheeler E, Ongais L, Morris T, Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Lambdin BH. PMID: 35643444; PMCID: PMC9145109.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      28. Buprenorphine implementation at syringe service programs following waiver of the Ryan Haight Act in the United States. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2022 08 01; 237:109504. Lambdin BH, Bluthenthal RN, Tookes HE, Wenger L, Morris T, LaKosky P, Kral AH. PMID: 35688052; PMCID: PMC10878423.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      29. A chocolate cake or a chocolate vape? Young adults describe their relationship with food and weight in the context of nicotine vaping. Appetite. 2022 Aug 01; 175:106075. Kechter A, Ceasar RC, Simpson KA, Schiff SJ, Dunton GF, Bluthenthal RN, Barrington-Trimis JL. PMID: 35525332.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
      30. Health risk associated with residential relocation among people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, CA: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2022 04 25; 22(1):823. Chiang JC, Bluthenthal RN, Wenger LD, Auerswald CL, Henwood BF, Kral AH. PMID: 35468819; PMCID: PMC9036752.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      31. Predictors of protein intake among people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California. Am J Addict. 2022 05; 31(3):228-235. Bolshakova M, Kral AH, Wenger LD, Simpson K, Goldshear J, Sussman S, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 35315550; PMCID: PMC9117422.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      32. Critical Challenges and Creative Solutions for Quantifying Nicotine Vaping: Qualitative Reports From Young Adults. Nicotine Tob Res. 2022 02 14; 24(3):416-420. Yamaguchi N, Kechter A, Schiff SJ, Braymiller JL, Ceasar RC, Simpson KA, Bluthenthal RN, Barrington-Trimis JL. PMID: 33846743; PMCID: PMC8842405.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      33. Principles and Metrics for Evaluating Oregon's Innovative Drug Decriminalization Measure. J Urban Health. 2022 04; 99(2):328-331. Netherland J, Kral AH, Ompad DC, Davis CS, Bluthenthal RN, Dasgupta N, Gilbert M, Morgan R, Wheelock H. PMID: 35107693; PMCID: PMC8809225.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      34. HIV Treatment Adherence Strategies Among Virally Suppressed Black Sexual Minority Men in Baltimore, Maryland, and Los Angeles, California: A Theory-Based Qualitative Study. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2022 Jan-Feb 01; 33(1):54-62. Dangerfield DT, Ober AJ, Li MJ, Allen S, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 34939988; PMCID: PMC8718261.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      35. Growing racial/ethnic disparities in overdose mortality before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in California. Prev Med. 2021 12; 153:106845. Friedman J, Hansen H, Bluthenthal RN, Harawa N, Jordan A, Beletsky L. PMID: 34653501; PMCID: PMC8521065.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
      36. Transition from injecting opioids to smoking fentanyl in San Francisco, California. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 10 01; 227:109003. Kral AH, Lambdin BH, Browne EN, Wenger LD, Bluthenthal RN, Zibbell JE, Davidson PJ. PMID: 34482046; PMCID: PMC10790652.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      37. Observational "go-alongs" of follow-up HIV care visits of two virally suppressed Black sexual minority men. Public Health Nurs. 2022 01; 39(1):153-160. Dangerfield DT, Ober AJ, Anderson JN, Gorbach P, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 34403517; PMCID: PMC8766864.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      38. Prevalence and predictors of recent temporary psychiatric hold among a cohort of people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 10 01; 227:108916. Simpson KA, Gevorgian H, Kral AH, Wenger L, Bourgois P, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 34358770; PMCID: PMC8464528.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      39. Factors Associated with Likelihood of Initiating Others into Injection Drug Use Among People Who Inject Drugs in West Virginia. AIDS Behav. 2022 Jan; 26(1):47-56. Allen ST, Schneider KE, Mazhnaya A, White RH, O'Rourke A, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN, Kilkenny ME, Sherman SG. PMID: 34076812; PMCID: PMC8170059.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      40. Factors associated with injury and blood-borne infection risk when providing assisted injection among people who inject drugs. Int J Drug Policy. 2021 11; 97:103297. Ceasar RC, Goldshear JL, Brothers S, Wenger LD, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 34077825.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      41. The naloxone delivery cascade: Identifying disparities in access to naloxone among people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, CA. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 08 01; 225:108759. Kinnard EN, Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Wenger LD, Lambdin BH. PMID: 34058540.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      42. Characterizing symptoms of e-cigarette dependence: a qualitative study of young adults. BMC Public Health. 2021 05 20; 21(1):959. Simpson KA, Kechter A, Schiff SJ, Braymiller JL, Yamaguchi N, Ceasar RC, Bluthenthal RN, Barrington-Trimis JL. PMID: 34016066; PMCID: PMC8138971.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      43. Factors associated with methamphetamine withdrawal symptoms among people who inject drugs. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 06 01; 223:108702. Zhao J, Kral AH, Simpson KA, Ceasar RC, Wenger LD, Kirkpatrick M, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 33894459.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      44. A Community-Based Mindfulness Intervention Among Latino Adolescents and Their Parents: A Qualitative Feasibility and Acceptability Study. J Immigr Minor Health. 2021 Apr; 23(2):344-352. Tobin J, Hardy J, Calanche ML, Gonzalez KD, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Contreras R, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 32078725; PMCID: PMC7438229.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      45. Novel Routes of Potential Hepatitis C Virus Transmission among People Who Inject Drugs: Secondary Blood Exposures Related to Injection Drug Use. Subst Use Misuse. 2021; 56(6):751-757. Goldshear JL, Simpson KA, Kral AH, Wenger LD, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 33769203; PMCID: PMC9563097.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
      46. Ingenuity and resiliency of syringe service programs on the front lines of the opioid overdose and COVID-19 crises. Transl Res. 2021 08; 234:159-173. Wenger LD, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN, Morris T, Ongais L, Lambdin BH. PMID: 33746108; PMCID: PMC8217165.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      47. Structural racism and violence as social determinants of health: Conceptual, methodological and intervention challenges. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 05 01; 222:108681. Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 33757711.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      48. Initial Efficacy of a Community-Derived Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Latinx Parents and their Children. J Immigr Minor Health. 2021 Oct; 23(5):993-1000. Li MJ, Hardy J, Calanche L, Dominguez K, DiStefano AS, Black DS, Unger JB, Chou CP, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Contreras R, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 33575977; PMCID: PMC8355252.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      49. Correlates of Transactional Sex and Violent Victimization among Men Who Inject Drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California. J Urban Health. 2021 02; 98(1):70-82. Walters SM, Kral AH, Lamb S, Goldshear JL, Wenger L, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 33409836; PMCID: PMC7873178.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      50. A positive deviance-based qualitative study of stress, coping, and feeding practices among low-income, Hispanic mothers whose children do versus do not meet guidelines for fruit and vegetable intake. Health Educ Res. 2020 12 23; 35(6):584-604. Shonkoff E, Folta SC, Fitopoulos T, Ramirez CN, Bluthenthal R, Pentz MA, Chou CP, Dunton GF. PMID: 33367771; PMCID: PMC8463094.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
      51. Assisted injection provider practices and motivations in Los Angeles and San Francisco California 2016-18. Int J Drug Policy. 2021 06; 92:103052. Brothers S, Kral AH, Wenger L, Simpson K, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 33257087; PMCID: PMC8155098.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      52. Factors associated with health-related cannabis use intentions among a community sample of people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, CA 2016 to 2018. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 02 01; 219:108421. Ceasar RC, Kral AH, Simpson K, Wenger L, Goldshear JL, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 33301996; PMCID: PMC7856255.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
      53. HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Prevention Awareness, Willingness, and Perceived Barriers among People Who Inject Drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, CA, 2016-2018. Subst Use Misuse. 2020; 55(14):2409-2419. Walters SM, Kral AH, Simpson KA, Wenger L, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 32962490; PMCID: PMC7665852.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      54. Self-perception of assisting with future injection drug initiation: The influence of relationships in the process of drug injecting initiation. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2021 01; 40(1):109-117. Bloom BE, Jain S, Sun X, Garfein RS, Strathdee SA, Milloy MJ, Hayashi K, DeBeck K, Bluthenthal R, Werb D, Rafful C. PMID: 32840027; PMCID: PMC7977721.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      55. Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution Within Syringe Service Programs - United States, 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Aug 21; 69(33):1117-1121. Lambdin BH, Bluthenthal RN, Wenger LD, Wheeler E, Garner B, Lakosky P, Kral AH. PMID: 32817603; PMCID: PMC7439981.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      56. Small Randomized Controlled Trial of the New Passport to Wellness HIV Prevention Intervention for Black Men Who Have Sex With Men (BMSM). AIDS Educ Prev. 2020 08; 32(4):311-324. Harawa NT, Schrode KM, McWells C, Weiss RE, Hilliard CL, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 32897130; PMCID: PMC7685520.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      57. The emergence of innovative cannabis distribution projects in the downtown eastside of Vancouver, Canada. Int J Drug Policy. 2020 Apr 11; 79:102737. Valleriani J, Haines-Saah R, Capler R, Bluthenthal R, Socias ME, Milloy MJ, Kerr T, McNeil R. PMID: 32289590; PMCID: PMC7308205.
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      58. Opioid withdrawal symptoms, frequency, and pain characteristics as correlates of health risk among people who inject drugs. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 06 01; 211:107932. Bluthenthal RN, Simpson K, Ceasar RC, Zhao J, Wenger L, Kral AH. PMID: 32199668; PMCID: PMC7259345.
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      59. Needle exchange effectiveness in the midst of multiple injection-related epidemics: commentary on Kåberg et al. Infect Dis (Lond). 2020 05; 52(5):347-349. Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 32064979.
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      60. Reasons for assisting with injection initiation: Results from a large survey of people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 04 01; 209:107885. Simpson KA, Kral AH, Goldshear JL, Wenger L, Strike CS, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 32058244; PMCID: PMC7127951.
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      61. Congregational involvement in HIV: A qualitative comparative analysis of factors influencing HIV activity among diverse urban congregations. Soc Sci Med. 2020 02; 246:112718. Mendel P, Green HD, Palar K, Kanouse DE, Bluthenthal RN, Mata MA, Oden CW, Derose KP. PMID: 31931449; PMCID: PMC7027958.
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      62. Associations between perceived illicit fentanyl use and infectious disease risks among people who inject drugs. Int J Drug Policy. 2019 12; 74:299-304. Lambdin BH, Bluthenthal RN, Zibbell JE, Wenger L, Simpson K, Kral AH. PMID: 31733979; PMCID: PMC6949008.
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      63. Characteristics Associated with Nonmedical Methadone Use among People Who Inject Drugs in California. Subst Use Misuse. 2020; 55(3):377-386. Zhao JK, Kral AH, Wenger LD, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 31608746; PMCID: PMC7002277.
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      64. Initiating Persons into Injection Drug Use in Rural West Virginia, USA. Subst Use Misuse. 2020; 55(2):337-344. White RH, O'Rourke A, Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Kilkenny ME, Hazelett TD, Sherman SG, Allen ST. PMID: 31591948; PMCID: PMC6980648.
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      65. Exploring Religiosity and Spirituality in the Sexual Decision-Making of Black Gay and Bisexual Men. J Relig Health. 2019 Oct; 58(5):1792-1802. Dangerfield DT, Williams JE, Bass AS, Wynter T, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 31161470.
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      66. Policing space in the overdose crisis: A rapid ethnographic study of the impact of law enforcement practices on the effectiveness of overdose prevention sites. Int J Drug Policy. 2019 11; 73:199-207. Collins AB, Boyd J, Mayer S, Fowler A, Kennedy MC, Bluthenthal RN, Kerr T, McNeil R. PMID: 31542327; PMCID: PMC7147938.
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      67. Urban Religious Congregations' Responses to Community Substance Use: An Exploratory Study of Four Cases. J Relig Health. 2019 Aug; 58(4):1340-1355. Hidalgo BE, Derose KP, Kanouse DE, Mendel PJ, Bluthenthal RN, Oden CW. PMID: 30835054; PMCID: PMC6610588.
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      68. Measures of harm reduction service provision for people who inject drugs. Bull World Health Organ. 2019 Sep 01; 97(9):605-611. O'Keefe D, Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Aitken CK, McCormack A, Dietze PM. PMID: 31474773; PMCID: PMC6705510.
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      69. Opioid use and misuse: health impact, prevalence, correlates and interventions. Psychol Health. 2019 09; 34(9):1105-1139. Bolshakova M, Bluthenthal R, Sussman S. PMID: 31177850; PMCID: PMC7456364.
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      70. Correlates of Sexual Coercion among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in Los Angeles and San Francisco, CA. J Urban Health. 2019 06; 96(3):469-476. Williams JE, Dangerfield DT, Kral AH, Wenger LD, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 29616449; PMCID: PMC6565779.
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      71. Factors Associated with Frequency of Recent Initiation of Others into Injection Drug Use Among People Who Inject Drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, CA, USA, 2016-17. Subst Use Misuse. 2019; 54(10):1715-1724. Navarro S, Kral AH, Strike CS, Simpson K, Wenger L, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 31046508; PMCID: PMC6863088.
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      72. Retailers' Perceptions of FDA Tobacco Regulation Authority. Tob Regul Sci. 2019 May; 5(3):291-300. Blackman KCA, Smiley SL, Kintz NM, Rodriguez YL, Bluthenthal RN, Chou CP, Cruz TB, Barahona R, Pentz MA, Samet JM, Baezconde-Garbanati L. PMID: 32864396; PMCID: PMC7451104.
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      73. Seeking refuge in the present moment: A qualitatively refined model of dispositional mindfulness, minority stress, and psychosocial health among Latino/a sexual minorities and their families. Psychol Sex Orientat Gend Divers. 2019 Dec; 6(4):408-419. Li MJ, DiStefano AS, Thing JP, Black DS, Simpson K, Unger JB, Milam J, Contreras R, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 32104720; PMCID: PMC7043400.
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      74. Exploring the preferences of a culturally congruent, peer-based HIV prevention intervention for black men who have sex with men. Sex Health. 2018 11; 15(5):424-430. Dangerfield Ii DT, Harawa NT, McWells C, Hilliard C, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 30185352; PMCID: PMC6849506.
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      75. A Public Health Strategy for the Opioid Crisis. Public Health Rep. 2018 Nov/Dec; 133(1_suppl):24S-34S. Saloner B, McGinty EE, Beletsky L, Bluthenthal R, Beyrer C, Botticelli M, Sherman SG. PMID: 30426871; PMCID: PMC6243441.
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      76. Peer-to-peer injection: Demographic, drug use, and injection-related risk factors. Int J Drug Policy. 2018 11; 61:44-51. Lamb S, Kral AH, Dominguez-Gonzalez K, Wenger LD, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 30388569; PMCID: PMC7285620.
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      77. Monitoring Twitter Conversations for Targeted Recruitment in Cancer Trials in Los Angeles County: Protocol for a Mixed-Methods Pilot Study. JMIR Res Protoc. 2018 Sep 25; 7(9):e177. Reuter K, Angyan P, Le N, MacLennan A, Cole S, Bluthenthal RN, Lane CJ, El-Khoueiry AB, Buchanan TA. PMID: 30274964; PMCID: PMC6231794.
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      78. "Who's Really Regulating? Who's Benefiting?" Exploring Black Stakeholders' Awareness and Trust in the Food and Drug Administration's Role as a Tobacco Regulator. Tob Regul Sci. 2018 Jul; 4(4):41-49. Smiley SL, Blackman KCA, Bluthenthal RN, Rodriguez YL, Barahona R, Sussman S, Pentz MA, Samet JM, Baezconde-Garbanati L. PMID: 31440525; PMCID: PMC6705425.
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      79. Sexual Positioning Practices and Sexual Risk Among Black Gay and Bisexual Men: A Life Course Perspective. AIDS Behav. 2018 Jun; 22(6):1919-1931. Dangerfield DT, Smith LR, Anderson JN, Bruce OJ, Farley J, Bluthenthal R. PMID: 29079948; PMCID: PMC5924576.
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      80. Efficacy of a Small-Group Intervention for Post-Incarcerated Black Men Who Have Sex with Men and Women (MSMW). J Urban Health. 2018 04; 95(2):159-170. Harawa NT, Guentzel-Frank H, McCuller WJ, Williams JK, Millet G, Belcher L, Joseph HA, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 29541962; PMCID: PMC5906387.
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      81. Harnessing the language of overdose prevention to advance evidence-based responses to the opioid crisis. Int J Drug Policy. 2018 05; 55:77-79. Collins AB, Bluthenthal RN, Boyd J, McNeil R. PMID: 29524736; PMCID: PMC6415683.
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      82. Latent Classes of Sexual Risk Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men and Women. Arch Sex Behav. 2018 10; 47(7):2071-2080. Dangerfield DT, Harawa NT, Smith LR, Jeffries WL, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Bluthenthal R. PMID: 29541914; PMCID: PMC6145093.
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      83. Exploring and Adapting a Conceptual Model of Sexual Positioning Practices and Sexual Risk Among HIV-Negative Black Men Who Have Sex With Men. J Sex Res. 2018 10; 55(8):1022-1032. Dangerfield DT, Ober AJ, Smith LR, Shoptaw S, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 29466064; PMCID: PMC6105556.
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      84. Differences in time to injection onset by drug in California: Implications for the emerging heroin epidemic. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 04 01; 185:253-259. Bluthenthal RN, Chu D, Wenger LD, Bourgois P, Valente T, Kral AH. PMID: 29477084; PMCID: PMC5889717.
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      85. Preventing Injection Drug use Initiation: State of the Evidence and Opportunities for the Future. J Urban Health. 2018 02; 95(1):91-98. Werb D, Bluthenthal RN, Kolla G, Strike C, Kral AH, Uusküla A, Des Jarlais D. PMID: 28948444; PMCID: PMC5862695.
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      86. Age Cohort Differences in Sexual Behaviors Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men and Women. J Sex Res. 2018 10; 55(8):1012-1021. Dangerfield DT, Harawa NT, Fernandez MI, Hosek S, Lauby J, Joseph H, Frank HG, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 29377734; PMCID: PMC6146075.
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      87. HIV Acquisition and Transmission Potential Among African American Men Who Have Sex with Men and Women in Three U.S. Cities. Arch Sex Behav. 2018 01; 47(1):183-194. Joseph HA, Pan Y, Mendoza M, Harawa NT, Lauby J, Hosek SG, Bluthenthal RN, Milnamow M, Fernandez MI, Jeffries WL, Belcher L, Millett GA. PMID: 29124541; PMCID: PMC8386249.
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      88. Direct and indirect effects of parent stress on child obesity risk and added sugar intake in a sample of Southern California adolescents. Public Health Nutr. 2017 Dec; 20(18):3285-3294. Shonkoff ET, Dunton GF, Chou CP, Leventhal AM, Bluthenthal R, Pentz MA. PMID: 28980520; PMCID: PMC6613556.
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      89. Parents’ perceptions of dental care challenges in male children with autism spectrum disorder: An initial qualitative exploration. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2017; 39(July 2017):63-72. Leah I. Stein Duker, Benjamin F. Henwood, Ricky N. Bluthenthal, Emma Juhlin, José C. Polido, Sharon A. Cermak . View Publication.
      90. Parents' perceptions of dental care challenges in male children with autism spectrum disorder: An initial qualitative exploration. Res Autism Spectr Disord. 2017 Jul; 39:63-72. Duker LIS, Henwood BF, Bluthenthal RN, Juhlin E, Polido JC, Cermak SA. PMID: 29098015; PMCID: PMC5662021.
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      91. Vape shop retailers' perceptions of their customers, products and services: A content analysis. Tob Prev Cessat. 2016; 2(Suppl). Tsai JY, Bluthenthal R, Allem JP, Garcia R, Garcia J, Unger J, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Sussman SY. PMID: 28736758; PMCID: PMC5517047.
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      92. Vape Shop Retailers’ Perceptions of Their Products, Customers, and Services: A Qualitative Study. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation. 2017; 2(Supplement):3. Jennifer Y. Tsai, Ricky N. Bluthenthal, Jon-Patrick Allem, Robert Garcia, Jocelyn Garcia, Jennifer B. Unger, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Steve Y. Sussman. View Publication.
      93. Drug use generations and patterns of injection drug use: Birth cohort differences among people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2017 06 01; 175:210-218. Bluthenthal RN, Wenger L, Chu D, Bourgois P, Kral AH. PMID: 28448905; PMCID: PMC5494991.
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      94. A cost-benefit analysis of a potential supervised injection facility in San Francisco, California, USA. Journal of Drug Issues. 2016. Irwin A, Jozagi E, Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH.
      95. Oxford Handbook of Acculturation and Health. Edited by Seth J. Schwartz & Jennifer Unger. Acculturation and risky sexual behavior in adolescents and emerging adults from immigrant families. 2016. Jennifer Tsai, Davida Becker, Steve Sussman, Ricky Bluthenthal, Jennifer Unger, Seth Schwartz. View Publication.
      96. Moral ambivalence and the decision to initiate others into injection drug use: A qualitative study in two California cities. Int J Drug Policy. 2016 11; 37:42-51. Wenger LD, Lopez AM, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 27572714.
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      97. Contextualising family microaggressions and strategies of resilience among young gay and bisexual men of Latino heritage. Cult Health Sex. 2017 01; 19(1):107-120. Li MJ, Thing JP, Galvan FH, Gonzalez KD, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 27426889; PMCID: PMC5303621.
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      98. Sexual Positioning Among Men Who Have Sex With Men: A Narrative Review. Arch Sex Behav. 2017 May; 46(4):869-884. Dangerfield DT, Smith LR, Williams J, Unger J, Bluthenthal R. PMID: 27178171; PMCID: PMC5357199.
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      99. Racial Pride and Condom Use in Post-Incarcerated African-American Men Who Have Sex With Men and Women: Test of a Conceptual Model for the Men in Life Environments Intervention. Arch Sex Behav. 2018 01; 47(1):169-181. Li MJ, Frank HG, Harawa NT, Williams JK, Chou CP, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 27115618; PMCID: PMC5153365.
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      100. Food insecurity among people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco. Public Health Nutr. 2016 08; 19(12):2204-12. Schmitz J, Kral AH, Chu D, Wenger LD, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 26956477; PMCID: PMC10271123.
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      101. Initiation of Heroin and Prescription Opioid Pain Relievers by Birth Cohort. Am J Public Health. 2016 Feb; 106(2):298-300. Novak SP, Bluthenthal R, Wenger L, Chu D, Kral AH. PMID: 26691120; PMCID: PMC4815622.
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      102. Gender, Ethnicity, and Their Intersectionality in the Prediction of Smoking Outcome Expectancies in Regular Cigarette Smokers. Behav Modif. 2016 Jan; 40(1-2):281-302. Aguirre CG, Bello MS, Andrabi N, Pang RD, Hendricks PS, Bluthenthal RN, Leventhal AM. PMID: 26438665; PMCID: PMC4861042.
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      103. Next steps in research on injection initiation incidence and prevention. Addiction. 2015 Aug; 110(8):1258-9. Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH. PMID: 26173157.
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      104. Is cannabis use associated with less opioid use among people who inject drugs? Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Aug 01; 153:236-41. Kral AH, Wenger L, Novak SP, Chu D, Corsi KF, Coffa D, Shapiro B, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 26051162; PMCID: PMC4509857.
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      105. Consistency of self-reported drug use events in a mixed methods study of people who inject drugs. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2015; 41(4):332-8. Dyal SR, Kral AH, Dominguez Gonzalez K, Wenger LD, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 25970020; PMCID: PMC4593486.
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      106. Factors associated with being asked to initiate someone into injection drug use. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Apr 01; 149:252-8. Bluthenthal RN, Wenger L, Chu D, Lorvick J, Quinn B, Thing JP, Kral AH. PMID: 25735468; PMCID: PMC5048683.
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      107. Drug-related deaths and the sales of needles through pharmacies. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Feb 01; 147:229-34. Davidson PJ, Martinez A, Lutnick A, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 25499730; PMCID: PMC4297731.
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      108. Patterns of drug use, risky behavior, and health status among persons who inject drugs living in San Diego, California: a latent class analysis. Subst Use Misuse. 2015 Jan; 50(2):205-14. Roth AM, Armenta RA, Wagner KD, Roesch SC, Bluthenthal RN, Cuevas-Mota J, Garfein RS. PMID: 25313832; PMCID: PMC4356115.
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      109. Factors associated with initiating someone into illicit drug injection. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Nov 01; 144:186-92. Bluthenthal RN, Wenger L, Chu D, Quinn B, Thing J, Kral AH. PMID: 25282308; PMCID: PMC4276720.
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      110. Syringe disposal among people who inject drugs in Los Angeles: the role of sterile syringe source. Int J Drug Policy. 2014 Sep; 25(5):905-10. Quinn B, Chu D, Wenger L, Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH. PMID: 24930425.
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      111. Characteristics of people who initiate injection drug use later in life. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 May 01; 138:244-50. Arreola S, Bluthenthal RN, Wenger L, Chu D, Thing J, Kral AH. PMID: 24661392; PMCID: PMC4035351.
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      112. The association between law enforcement encounters and syringe sharing among IDUs on skid row: a mixed methods analysis. AIDS Behav. 2013 Oct; 17(8):2637-43. Wagner KD, Simon-Freeman R, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 23620243; PMCID: PMC3788094.
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      113. Abscess and self-treatment among injection drug users at four California syringe exchanges and their surrounding communities. Subst Use Misuse. 2013 May; 48(7):523-31. Fink DS, Lindsay SP, Slymen DJ, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 23581506; PMCID: PMC4334130.
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      114. Pharmacy syringe purchase test of nonprescription syringe sales in San Francisco and Los Angeles in 2010. J Urban Health. 2013 Apr; 90(2):276-83. Lutnick A, Cooper E, Dodson C, Bluthenthal R, Kral AH. PMID: 22718357; PMCID: PMC3675724.
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      115. Reducing crime by shaping the built environment with zoning: An empirical study of Los Angeles. University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 2013; 161:699-757. Anderson JM, MacDonald J, Bluthenthal RN, Ashwood JS.
      116. The privatization of public safety in urban neighborhoods: Do business improvement districts reduce violent crime among adolescents?. Law and Society Review. 2013; 47(3):621-52. MacDonald J, Stokes RJ, Grunwald B, Bluthenthal RN. 2013;47(3):621-652.
      117. Attitudes and beliefs related to HIV/AIDS in urban religious congregations: barriers and opportunities for HIV-related interventions. Soc Sci Med. 2012 May; 74(10):1520-7. Bluthenthal RN, Palar K, Mendel P, Kanouse DE, Corbin DE, Derose KP. PMID: 22445157; PMCID: PMC3519280.
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      118. Non-medical prescription drug use among injection drug users. Journal Drug Issues. 2012; 42(3):216-225. Martinez A, D’Amico EJ, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN. 2012; 42(3):216-225.
      119. Commentary for Li et al., "Sexual transmissibility of HIV among opiates users with concurrent sexual partnerships: An egocentric network study in Yunnan, China." Addiction. 2011 Oct; 106(10). Bluthenthal RN, Fehringer JA. PMID: 24187443; PMCID: PMC3813297.
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      120. A framework for the specificity of addictions. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011 08; 8(8):3399-415. Sussman S, Leventhal A, Bluthenthal RN, Freimuth M, Forster M, Ames SL. PMID: 21909314; PMCID: PMC3166750.
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      121. Assessing geographic and individual level factors associated with arrests among injection drug users in California. Health Place. 2011 Nov; 17(6):1258-65. Martinez AN, Bluthenthal RN, Neilands T, Kral AH. PMID: 21908228.
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      122. Religious congregations' involvement in HIV: a case study approach. AIDS Behav. 2011 Aug; 15(6):1220-32. Derose KP, Mendel PJ, Palar K, Kanouse DE, Bluthenthal RN, Castaneda LW, Corbin DE, Domínguez BX, Hawes-Dawson J, Mata MA, Oden CW. PMID: 20953903; PMCID: PMC3087861.
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      123. HIV prevalence and risk among heterosexual methamphetamine injectors in California. Subst Use Misuse. 2011; 46(9):1081-9. Kral AH, Lorvick J, Martinez A, Lewis MA, Orr WA, Anderson R, Flynn N, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 21391786; PMCID: PMC3813018.
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      124. HIV risks and seroprevalence among Mexican American injection drug users in California. AIDS Behav. 2011 Jan; 15(1):95-102. Martinez AN, Bluthenthal RN, Flynn NM, Anderson RL, Kral AH. PMID: 20020194; PMCID: PMC3023026.
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      125. Cognitive behavioral theories used to explain injection risk behavior among injection drug users: a review and suggestions for the integration of cognitive and environmental models. Health Educ Behav. 2010 Aug; 37(4):504-32. Wagner KD, Unger JB, Bluthenthal RN, Andreeva VA, Pentz MA. PMID: 20705809; PMCID: PMC3084153.
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      126. Pharmacy participation in non-prescription syringe sales in Los Angeles and San Francisco counties, 2007. J Urban Health. 2010 Jul; 87(4):543-52. Cooper EN, Dodson C, Stopka TJ, Riley ED, Garfein RS, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 20549568; PMCID: PMC2900565.
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      127. Learning about urban congregations and HIV/AIDS: community-based foundations for developing congregational health interventions. J Urban Health. 2010 Jul; 87(4):617-30. Derose KP, Mendel PJ, Kanouse DE, Bluthenthal RN, Castaneda LW, Hawes-Dawson J, Mata M, Oden CW. PMID: 20361357; PMCID: PMC2900568.
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      128. Access to sterile syringes through San Francisco pharmacies and the association with HIV risk behavior among injection drug users. J Urban Health. 2010 Jul; 87(4):534-42. Riley ED, Kral AH, Stopka TJ, Garfein RS, Reuckhaus P, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 20526690; PMCID: PMC2900569.
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      129. Three years after legalization of nonprescription pharmacy syringe sales in California: where are we now? J Urban Health. 2010 Jul; 87(4):576-85. Garfein RS, Stopka TJ, Pavlinac PB, Ross A, Haye BK, Riley ED, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 20535641; PMCID: PMC2900579.
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      130. The effect of business improvement districts on the incidence of violent crimes. Inj Prev. 2010 Oct; 16(5):327-32. MacDonald J, Golinelli D, Stokes RJ, Bluthenthal R. PMID: 20587814; PMCID: PMC2976613.
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      131. Prevalence and predictors of transitions to and away from syringe exchange use over time in 3 US cities with varied syringe dispensing policies. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2010 Sep 01; 111(1-2):74-81. Green TC, Bluthenthal RN, Singer M, Beletsky L, Grau LE, Marshall P, Heimer R. PMID: 20537814; PMCID: PMC3087197.
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      132. Commentary on Palmateer et al. (2010): next steps in the global research agenda on syringe access for injection drug users. Addiction. 2010 May; 105(5):860-1. Bluthenthal R, Kral A. PMID: 20402974.
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      133. Not enough fruit and vegetables or too many cookies, candies, salty snacks, and soft drinks? Public Health Rep. 2010 Jan-Feb; 125(1):88-95. Cohen DA, Sturm R, Scott M, Farley TA, Bluthenthal R. PMID: 20402200; PMCID: PMC2789820.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
      134. The role of community context in business district revitalization strategies: Business improvement districts in Los Angeles. Public Performance and Management Review. 2010; 33(3):436-58. MacDonald JM, Stokes R, Bluthenthal RN. 2010:33(3):436-458.
      135. Getting the message straight: effects of a brief hepatitis prevention intervention among injection drug users. Harm Reduct J. 2009 Dec 15; 6:36. Grau LE, Green TC, Singer M, Bluthenthal RN, Marshall PA, Heimer R. PMID: 20003518; PMCID: PMC2804675.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    
      136. The neighborhood alcohol environment and alcohol-related morbidity. Alcohol Alcohol. 2009 Sep-Oct; 44(5):491-9. Theall KP, Scribner R, Cohen D, Bluthenthal RN, Schonlau M, Lynch S, Farley TA. PMID: 19671569; PMCID: PMC2800249.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      137. Measuring the food environment: shelf space of fruits, vegetables, and snack foods in stores. J Urban Health. 2009 Sep; 86(5):672-82. Farley TA, Rice J, Bodor JN, Cohen DA, Bluthenthal RN, Rose D. PMID: 19603271; PMCID: PMC2729874.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 91     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
      138. The effect of urban street gang densities on small area homicide incidence in a large metropolitan county, 1994-2002. J Urban Health. 2009 Jul; 86(4):511-23. Robinson PL, Boscardin WJ, George SM, Teklehaimanot S, Heslin KC, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 19247837; PMCID: PMC2704266.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      139. Adverse drinking-related consequences among lower income, racial, and ethnic minority drinkers: cross-sectional results. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2009 Apr; 33(4):645-53. Vilamovska AM, Brown Taylor D, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 19183136.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      140. Alcohol outlet density and alcohol consumption in Los Angeles county and southern Louisiana. Geospat Health. 2008 Nov; 3(1):91-101. Schonlau M, Scribner R, Farley TA, Theall K, Bluthenthal RN, Scott M, Cohen DA. PMID: 19021112; PMCID: PMC3741099.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      141. Alcohol and tobacco marketing: evaluating compliance with outdoor advertising guidelines. Am J Prev Med. 2008 Sep; 35(3):203-9. Scott MM, Cohen DA, Schonlau M, Farley TA, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 18692735; PMCID: PMC2920147.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      142. Social capital and the neighborhood alcohol environment. Health Place. 2009 Mar; 15(1):323-32. Theall KP, Scribner R, Cohen D, Bluthenthal RN, Schonlau M, Farley TA. PMID: 18672392; PMCID: PMC2613262.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      143. Improving coverage and scale-up of HIV prevention, treatment and care for injecting drug users: moving the agenda forward. Int J Drug Policy. 2008 Apr; 19 Suppl 1:S1-4. Sharma M, Burrows D, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 18262403.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      144. Alcohol availability and neighborhood characteristics in Los Angeles, California and southern Louisiana. J Urban Health. 2008 Mar; 85(2):191-205. Bluthenthal RN, Cohen DA, Farley TA, Scribner R, Beighley C, Schonlau M, Robinson PL. PMID: 18228148; PMCID: PMC2430119.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      145. Encyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Recovery. Needle exchange programs. 2008; 629-32. Bluthenthal RN.
      146. Are racial disparities in alcohol treatment completion associated with racial differences in treatment modality entry? Comparison of outpatient treatment and residential treatment in Los Angeles County, 1998 to 2000. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2007 Nov; 31(11):1920-6. Bluthenthal RN, Jacobson JO, Robinson PL. PMID: 17908265.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      147. Reliability of a store observation tool in measuring availability of alcohol and selected foods. J Urban Health. 2007 Nov; 84(6):807-13. Cohen DA, Schoeff D, Farley TA, Bluthenthal R, Scribner R, Overton A. PMID: 17763963; PMCID: PMC2232033.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      148. Community characteristics associated with HIV risk among injection drug users in the San Francisco Bay Area: a multilevel analysis. J Urban Health. 2007 Sep; 84(5):653-66. Bluthenthal RN, Do DP, Finch B, Martinez A, Edlin BR, Kral AH. PMID: 17657607; PMCID: PMC1988782.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      149. Approval of syringe exchange programs in California: results from a local approach to HIV prevention. Am J Public Health. 2008 Feb; 98(2):278-83. Bluthenthal RN, Heinzerling KG, Anderson R, Flynn NM, Kral AH. PMID: 17538068; PMCID: PMC2376876.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      150. The impact of legalizing syringe exchange programs on arrests among injection drug users in California. J Urban Health. 2007 May; 84(3):423-35. Martinez AN, Bluthenthal RN, Lorvick J, Anderson R, Flynn N, Kral AH. PMID: 17265133; PMCID: PMC2231826.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      151. Racial disparities in completion rates from publicly funded alcohol treatment: economic resources explain more than demographics and addiction severity. Health Serv Res. 2007 Apr; 42(2):773-94. Jacobson JO, Robinson PL, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 17362217; PMCID: PMC1955365.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      152. Examination of the association between syringe exchange program (SEP) dispensation policy and SEP client-level syringe coverage among injection drug users. Addiction. 2007 Apr; 102(4):638-46. Bluthenthal RN, Ridgeway G, Schell T, Anderson R, Flynn NM, Kral AH. PMID: 17286637.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      153. Higher syringe coverage is associated with lower odds of HIV risk and does not increase unsafe syringe disposal among syringe exchange program clients. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Jul 10; 89(2-3):214-22. Bluthenthal RN, Anderson R, Flynn NM, Kral AH. PMID: 17280802; PMCID: PMC2562866.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      154. Human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus testing services at syringe exchange programs: availability and outcomes. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2007 Jun; 32(4):423-9. Heinzerling KG, Kral AH, Flynn NM, Anderson RL, Scott A, Gilbert ML, Asch SM, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 17481466.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      155. Coverage of HIV prevention programmes for injection drug users: confusions, aspirations, definitions and ways forward. Int J Drug Policy. 2007 Mar; 18(2):92-8. Sharma M, Burrows D, Bluthenthal R. PMID: 17689351; PMCID: PMC1945164.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      156. HCV and HIV counseling and testing integration in California: an innovative approach to increase HIV counseling and testing rates. Public Health Rep. 2007; 122 Suppl 2:68-73. Stopka TJ, Marshall C, Bluthenthal RN, Webb DS, Truax SR. PMID: 17542457; PMCID: PMC1831799.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      157. Perspectives on therapeutic treatment from adolescent probationers. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2006 Dec; 38(4):461-71. Bluthenthal RN, Riehman K, Jaycox LH, Morral A. PMID: 17373562.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      158. A multilevel decomposition approach to estimate the role of program location and neighborhood disadvantage in racial disparities in alcohol treatment completion. Soc Sci Med. 2007 Jan; 64(2):462-76. Jacobson JO, Robinson P, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 17055634.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      159. Increasing HIV testing among latinos by bundling HIV testing with other tests. J Urban Health. 2006 Sep; 83(5):849-59. Galvan FH, Bluthenthal RN, Ani C, Bing EG. PMID: 16755390; PMCID: PMC2438590.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      160. Hospital utilization for injection drug use-related soft tissue infections in urban versus rural counties in California. J Urban Health. 2006 Mar; 83(2):176-81. Heinzerling KG, Etzioni DA, Hurley B, Holtom P, Bluthenthal RN, Asch SM. PMID: 16736367; PMCID: PMC2527156.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      161. Alcohol outlets, gonorrhea, and the Los Angeles civil unrest: a longitudinal analysis. Soc Sci Med. 2006 Jun; 62(12):3062-71. Cohen DA, Ghosh-Dastidar B, Scribner R, Miu A, Scott M, Robinson P, Farley TA, Bluthenthal RN, Brown-Taylor D. PMID: 16423436; PMCID: PMC2040035.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      162. Building an academic-community partnered network for clinical services research: the Community Health Improvement Collaborative (CHIC). Ethn Dis. 2006; 16(1 Suppl 1):S3-17. Wells KB, Staunton A, Norris KC, Bluthenthal R, Chung B, Gelberg L, Jones L, Kataoka S, Koegel P, Miranda J, Mangione CM, Patel K, Rodriguez M, Shapiro M, Wong M. PMID: 16681125.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      163. Witness for Wellness: preliminary findings from a community-academic participatory research mental health initiative. Ethn Dis. 2006; 16(1 Suppl 1):S18-34. Bluthenthal RN, Jones L, Fackler-Lowrie N, Ellison M, Booker T, Jones F, McDaniel S, Moini M, Williams KR, Klap R, Koegel P, Wells KB. PMID: 16681126.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 51     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      164. Seeking community input to improve implementation of a lifestyle modification program. Ethn Dis. 2006; 16(1 Suppl 1):S79-88. Punzalan C, Paxton KC, Guentzel H, Bluthenthal RN, Staunton AD, Mejia G, Morales L, Miranda J. PMID: 16681131.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      165. Secondary syringe exchange among users of 23 California syringe exchange programs. Subst Use Misuse. 2006; 41(6-7):865-82. Lorvick J, Bluthenthal RN, Scott A, Gilbert ML, Riehman KS, Anderson RL, Flynn NM, Kral AH. PMID: 16809176.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      166. Condom attitudes and behaviors among injection drug users participating in California syringe exchange programs. AIDS Behav. 2005 Dec; 9(4):423-32. Bogart LM, Kral AH, Scott A, Anderson R, Flynn N, Gilbert ML, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 16249946.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      167. Psychosocial and behavioral differences among drug injectors who use and do not use syringe exchange programs. AIDS Behav. 2005 Dec; 9(4):495-504. Grau LE, Bluthenthal RN, Marshall P, Singer M, Heimer R. PMID: 16237501.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      168. Price elasticity of demand for malt liquor beer: findings from a US pilot study. Soc Sci Med. 2006 May; 62(9):2101-11. French MT, Browntaylor D, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 16297518.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      169. Screening for sexually transmitted diseases in non-traditional settings: a personal view. Int J STD AIDS. 2005 Aug; 16(8):521-7. Cohen DA, Kanouse DE, Iguchi MY, Bluthenthal RN, Galvan FH, Bing EG. PMID: 16105185.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      170. Unmet need for recommended preventive health services among clients of California syringe exchange programs: implications for quality improvement. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2006 Feb 01; 81(2):167-78. Heinzerling KG, Kral AH, Flynn NM, Anderson RL, Scott A, Gilbert ML, Asch SM, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 16043308.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      171. Characteristics of malt liquor beer drinkers in a low-income, racial minority community sample. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005 Mar; 29(3):402-9. Bluthenthal RN, Browntaylor D, Guzmán-Becerra N, Robinson PL. PMID: 15770116.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      172. Recruiting drug-using men who have sex with men into behavioral interventions: a two-stage approach. J Urban Health. 2005 Mar; 82(1 Suppl 1):i109-19. Kanouse DE, Bluthenthal RN, Bogart L, Iguchi MY, Perry S, Sand K, Shoptaw S. PMID: 15738314; PMCID: PMC3456171.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      173. Sexual risk among injection drug users recruited from syringe exchange programs in California. Sex Transm Dis. 2005 Jan; 32(1):27-34. Bogart LM, Kral AH, Scott A, Anderson R, Flynn N, Gilbert ML, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 15614118.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      174. International Journal of Drug Policy. Police crackdowns, societal cost, and the need for alternative approaches. 2005; 16:137-8. Bluthenthal RN, Heinzerling K, Martinez A, Kral, AH.
      175. Injection risk behaviors among clients of syringe exchange programs with different syringe dispensation policies. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Oct 01; 37(2):1307-12. Kral AH, Anderson R, Flynn NM, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 15385739.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      176. Sterile syringe access conditions and variations in HIV risk among drug injectors in three cities. Addiction. 2004 Sep; 99(9):1136-46. Bluthenthal RN, Malik MR, Grau LE, Singer M, Marshall P, Heimer R, Diffusion of Benefit through Syringe Exchange Study Team. PMID: 15317634.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      177. Sexual relationships, secondary syringe exchange, and gender differences in HIV risk among drug injectors. J Urban Health. 2004 Jun; 81(2):249-59. Riehman KS, Kral AH, Anderson R, Flynn N, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 15136658; PMCID: PMC3456452.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      178. International Journal of Drug Policy. What is it about needle and syringe exchange programs that make them effective for preventing HIV transmission?. 2003; 14(5/6):361-3. Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN.
      179. Delivering syringe exchange services through “Satellite Exchangers”: Sacramento Area Needle Exchange. International Journal of Drug Policy. 2003; 14(5/6):461-3. Anderson RL, Clancey L, Flynn NM, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN.
      180. Hepatitis-associated knowledge is low and risks are high among HIV-aware injection drug users in three US cities. Addiction. 2002 Oct; 97(10):1277-87. Heimer R, Clair S, Grau LE, Bluthenthal RN, Marshall PA, Singer M. PMID: 12359032.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      181. Trends in HIV seroprevalence and risk among gay and bisexual men who inject drugs in San Francisco, 1988 to 2000. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2001 Nov 01; 28(3):264-9. Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Gee L, Lorvick J, Moore L, Seal K, Edlin BR. PMID: 11694834.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
      182. Predictors and prevention of nonfatal overdose among street-recruited injection heroin users in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1998-1999. Am J Public Health. 2001 Nov; 91(11):1842-6. Seal KH, Kral AH, Gee L, Moore LD, Bluthenthal RN, Lorvick J, Edlin BR. PMID: 11684613; PMCID: PMC1446888.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 89     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      183. Sexual transmission of HIV-1 among injection drug users in San Francisco, USA: risk-factor analysis. Lancet. 2001 May 05; 357(9266):1397-401. Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN, Lorvick J, Gee L, Bacchetti P, Edlin BR. PMID: 11356437.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 157     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
      184. Factors associated with readiness to change drug use among needle-exchange users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2001 May 01; 62(3):225-30. Bluthenthal RN, Gogineni A, Longshore D, Stein M. PMID: 11295327.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      185. Needle exchange program attendance and injection risk in Providence, Rhode Island. AIDS Educ Prev. 2001 Feb; 13(1):78-90. Longshore D, Bluthenthal RN, Stein MD. PMID: 11252456.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      186. Accessing HIV testing and care. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2000 Dec 15; 25 Suppl 2:S151-6. Galvan FH, Bing EG, Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 11256736.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
      187. From the cell to the community: AIDS research in California. The University of California Universitywide AIDS Research Program annual meeting, February 2000. West J Med. 2000 Aug; 173(2):119-24. Moss NE, Lemp G, Bluthenthal R, Goldsmith MA, Haubrich R, Kahn JO. PMID: 10924438; PMCID: PMC1071020.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
      188. The effect of syringe exchange use on high-risk injection drug users: a cohort study. AIDS. 2000 Mar 31; 14(5):605-11. Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Gee L, Erringer EA, Edlin BR. PMID: 10780722.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 59     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      189. High prevalence of abscesses and cellulitis among community-recruited injection drug users in San Francisco. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Mar; 30(3):579-81. Binswanger IA, Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN, Rybold DJ, Edlin BR. PMID: 10722447.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 106     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      190. Risk factors among IDUs who give injections to or receive injections from other drug users. Addiction. 1999 May; 94(5):675-83. Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN, Erringer EA, Lorvick J, Edlin BR. PMID: 10563032.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      191. Collateral damage in the War on Drugs: HIV risk behaviors among injection drug users. The International Journal of Drug Policy. 1999; 10:25-38. Bluthenthal RN, Lorvick J, Kral AH, Erringer EA, Kahn JG. 1999;10:25-38.
      192. HIV risk behaviors associated with the injection process: multiperson use of drug injection equipment and paraphernalia in injection drug user networks. Subst Use Misuse. 1998 Oct; 33(12):2403-23. Needle RH, Coyle S, Cesari H, Trotter R, Clatts M, Koester S, Price L, McLellan E, Finlinson A, Bluthenthal RN, Pierce T, Johnson J, Jones TS, Williams M. PMID: 9781822.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      193. Use of an illegal syringe exchange and injection-related risk behaviors among street-recruited injection drug users in Oakland, California, 1992 to 1995. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998 Aug 15; 18(5):505-11. Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Erringer EA, Edlin BR. PMID: 9715848.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      194. Harm reduction and needle exchange programmes. Lancet. 1998 Jun 13; 351(9118):1819-20. Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Lorvick J, Erringer EA, Edlin BR. PMID: 9635989.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      195. Syringe exchange as a social movement: a case study of harm reduction in Oakland, California. Subst Use Misuse. 1998 Apr; 33(5):1147-71. Bluthenthal RN. PMID: 9596381.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
      196. HIV seroprevalence among street-recruited injection drug and crack cocaine users in 16 US municipalities. Am J Public Health. 1998 Jan; 88(1):108-13. Kral AH, Bluthenthal RN, Booth RE, Watters JK. PMID: 9584014; PMCID: PMC1508387.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 54     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      197. Impact of law enforcement on syringe exchange programs: a look at Oakland and San Francisco. Med Anthropol. 1997 Dec; 18(1):61-83. Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Lorvick J, Watters JK. PMID: 9458668.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 66     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      198. HIV risk profile of drug-using women who have sex with women in 19 United States cities. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1997 Nov 01; 16(3):211-7. Kral AH, Lorvick J, Bluthenthal RN, Watters JK. PMID: 9390574.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      199. Structural impediments to operational syringe-exchange programs. AIDS Public Policy J. 1996; 11(4):169-84. Heimer R, Bluthenthal RN, Singer M, Khoshnood K. PMID: 10915251.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      200. HIV seroprevalence in injection drug users. JAMA. 1995 Apr 19; 273(15):1178. Watters JK, Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH. PMID: 7707623.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      201. Multimethod research from targeted sampling to HIV risk environments. NIDA Res Monogr. 1995; 157:212-30. Bluthenthal RN, Watters JK. PMID: 8684438.
        View in: PubMed   Mentions: 49     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      202. GANGS: The Origins and Impact of Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States. Gang Organization and Migration. 1993; 193-217. Skolnick J, Bluthenthal RN, Correl T.
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