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Carl Castro, PhD

Title(s)Director, Center for Innovation and Research on Veterans and Military Families, Associate Professor, Social Work, Dept. of Social Change and Innovation
Phone+1 213 821 3623
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    Carl Castro joined the USC School of Social Work faculty in 2013 after serving 33 years in the Army, where he obtained the rank of colonel. He is also the research director for the USC Center for Innovation and Research on Veterans and Military Families. Castro began his military career as an infantryman in 1981. Throughout his military career, Castro has served in a variety of research and leadership positions, including commander of the U.S. Army Medical Research Unit-Europe in Heidelberg, Germany; chief of the Department of Military Psychiatry at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Washington, D.C.; and director of the Military Operational Medicine Research Program, Headquarters, U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, Md. Castro has completed two tours in Iraq and peacekeeping missions to Bosnia and Kosovo.

    He is currently chair of a NATO research group on military mental health training and serves as an advisor for several Department of Defense research panels focused on psychological health. Castro has authored more than 150 scientific articles and reports in numerous research areas. His current research efforts focus on assessing the effects of combat and operations tempo (OPTEMPO) on soldier, family and unit readiness, and evaluating the process of service members’ transitions from military to civilian life.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Atuel HR, Ursich L, Schuyler A, Berg D, Kintzle S, Castro C. Implementing the Knowledge Assessment of CPT Critical Skills (KACCS) Scale. Mil Med. 2019 03 01; 184(Suppl 1):461-466. PMID: 30901459.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Kintzle S, Barr N, Corletto G, Castro CA. PTSD in U.S. Veterans: The Role of Social Connectedness, Combat Experience and Discharge. Healthcare (Basel). 2018 Aug 22; 6(3). PMID: 30131470.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Lucas CL, Goldbach JT, Mamey MR, Kintzle S, Castro CA. Military Sexual Assault as a Mediator of the Association Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Veterans. J Trauma Stress. 2018 Aug; 31(4):613-619. PMID: 30088291.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Harris T, Winetrobe H, Rhoades H, Castro CA, Wenzel S. Moving Beyond Housing: Service Implications for Veterans Entering Permanent Supportive Housing. Clin Soc Work J. 2018 Jun; 46(2):130-144. PMID: 30416223.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Harris T, Kintzle S, Wenzel S, Castro CA. Expanding the Understanding of Risk Behavior Associated With Homelessness Among Veterans. Mil Med. 2017 09; 182(9):e1900-e1907. PMID: 28885953.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Goldbach JT, Castro CA. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Service Members: Life After Don't Ask, Don't Tell. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2016 Jun; 18(6):56. PMID: 27086317.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Kintzle S, Oh H, Wilcox S, Hassan A, Ell K, Castro C. Civilian Unemployment and Mental Health: The Moderating Impact of Alcohol Misuse in Returning National Guard. Mil Med. 2015 Sep; 180(9):986-93. PMID: 26327551.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Castro CA, Kintzle S, Schuyler AC, Lucas CL, Warner CH. Sexual assault in the military. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2015 Jul; 17(7):54. PMID: 25980511.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Castro CA. The US framework for understanding, preventing, and caring for the mental health needs of service members who served in combat in Afghanistan and Iraq: a brief review of the issues and the research. Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2014; 5. PMID: 25206943.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Castro CA, Kintzle S. Suicides in the military: the post-modern combat veteran and the Hemingway effect. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2014 Aug; 16(8):460. PMID: 24930521.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Adler AB, Delahaij R, Bailey SM, Van den Berge C, Parmak M, van Tussenbroek B, Puente JM, Landratova S, Kral P, Kreim G, Rietdijk D, McGurk D, Castro CA. NATO survey of mental health training in army recruits. Mil Med. 2013 Jul; 178(7):760-6. PMID: 23820350.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Foran HM, Garber BG, Zamorski MA, Wray M, Mulligan K, Greenberg N, Castro CA, Adler AB. Postdeployment military mental health training: cross-national evaluations. Psychol Serv. 2013 May; 10(2):152-60. PMID: 23730961.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Castro CA, Adler AB, McGurk D, Bliese PD. Mental health training with soldiers four months after returning from Iraq: randomization by platoon. J Trauma Stress. 2012 Aug; 25(4):376-83. PMID: 22833447.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Adler AB, Britt TW, Castro CA, McGurk D, Bliese PD. Effect of transition home from combat on risk-taking and health-related behaviors. J Trauma Stress. 2011 Aug; 24(4):381-9. PMID: 21818784.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Adler AB, Bliese PD, McGurk D, Hoge CW, Castro CA. Battlemind debriefing and battlemind training as early interventions with soldiers returning from iraq: Randomization by platoon. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2009 Oct; 77(5):928-40. PMID: 19803572.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Adler AB, Castro CA, McGurk D. Time-driven battlemind psychological debriefing: a group-level early intervention in combat. Mil Med. 2009 Jan; 174(1):21-8. PMID: 19216294.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Adler AB, Litz BT, Castro CA, Suvak M, Thomas JL, Burrell L, McGurk D, Wright KM, Bliese PD. A group randomized trial of critical incident stress debriefing provided to U.S. peacekeepers. J Trauma Stress. 2008 Jun; 21(3):253-63. PMID: 18553407.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Greene-Shortridge TM, Britt TW, Castro CA. The stigma of mental health problems in the military. Mil Med. 2007 Feb; 172(2):157-61. PMID: 17357770.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Adler AB, Huffman AH, Bliese PD, Castro CA. The impact of deployment length and experience on the well-being of male and female soldiers. J Occup Health Psychol. 2005 Apr; 10(2):121-37. PMID: 15826223.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Britt TW, Davison J, Bliese PD, Castro CA. How leaders can influence the impact that stressors have on soldiers. Mil Med. 2004 Jul; 169(7):541-5. PMID: 15291187.
      View in: PubMed