Pinghui Feng, PhD

Title(s)Professor of Molecular Microbiology & Immunology
SchoolHerman Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC
Phone+1 323 865 0905
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    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Pinghui Feng is an Associate Professor in the Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology at USC. At USC, he organizes the Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology Student/Fellow Seminar Series, serves as a PIBBS mentor and is a member of the USC Institute for Emerging Pathogens and Immune Diseases. Previous teaching positions include instructor at Harvard Medical School and assistant professor at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.

    Dr. Feng’s group investigates the roles of innate immune signaling pathways in infection and pathogenesis of human oncogenic gamma herpesvirus, Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). Recently, his group has uncovered that the MAVS-dependent innate immune pathway is exploited to promote viral lytic replication and to abrogate antiviral cytokine production. Given the inflammatory nature of KSHV-associated malignancies, Dr. Feng’s laboratory is also developing animal model(s) to interrogate key functions of innate immune signaling components in inflammation-driven oncogenesis. Currently, research in Dr. Feng’s laboratory is supported by grants from NCI, NIDCR and an ACS. Moreover, Dr. Feng is a faculty that actively participates teaching of graduate students and medical students, and supervises five postdoctoral fellows and one graduate student of his team. With extensive experience in research and teaching/mentoring trainees, Dr. Feng is highly qualified to serve as a mentor for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Targeting the host NDP kinase to abrogate viral dissemination
    NIH/NIDCR R21DE028256Jan 4, 2019 - Dec 31, 2020
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Exploring roles of protein deamidation in oral inflammation
    NIH/NIDCR R35DE027556Sep 14, 2017 - Jun 30, 2025
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NFAT activation in kGPCR tumorigenesis
    NIH/NCI R01CA221521Jul 31, 2017 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Regulated MAVS-mediated signaling in KSHV lytic replication
    NIH/NIAID R21AI134105Jun 9, 2017 - May 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The 19th International Workshop on KSHV and Related Agents
    NIH/NCI R13CA210906Jul 16, 2016 - Jul 15, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Targeting an immune kinase to purge KSHV latent infection
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE026003Apr 1, 2016 - Feb 28, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A recombinant virus approach for gamma herpesvirus oncogenesis
    NIH/NIAID R21AI105340Dec 15, 2013 - Nov 30, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Proviral Roles of an Innate Immune Pathway
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE021445Sep 2, 2011 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Post-Translational Events Underlying the KSHV vGPCR Pathogenesis
    NIH/NCI R01CA134241Jun 10, 2009 - Apr 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    K7 regulates KSHV G protein-coupled receptor turnover
    NIH/NCI R21CA117809Jul 1, 2006 - Jun 30, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Wu H, Zhang Y, Lu X, Xiao J, Feng P, Feng H. STAT1a and STAT1b of black carp play important roles in the innate immune defense against GCRV. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2019 Jan 28; 87:386-394. PMID: 30703549.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Gao R, Li T, Tan B, Ramos da Silva S, Jung JU, Feng P, Gao SJ. FoxO1 Suppresses Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Lytic Replication and Controls Viral Latency. J Virol. 2019 Feb 01; 93(3). PMID: 30404794.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Zhang S, Carriere J, Lin X, Xie N, Feng P. Interplay between Cellular Metabolism and Cytokine Responses during Viral Infection. Viruses. 2018 09 24; 10(10). PMID: 30249998.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Zhang T, Feng P, Li Y, Yu P, Yu G, Sang X, Ling Y, Zeng X, Li Y, Huang J, Zhang T, Zhao F, Wang N, Zhang C, Yang Z, Wu R, He G. VIRESCENT-ALBINO LEAF 1 regulates leaf colour development and cell division in rice. J Exp Bot. 2018 Sep 14; 69(20):4791-4804. PMID: 30102358.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Zhang J, Zhao J, Xu S, Li J, He S, Zeng Y, Xie L, Xie N, Liu T, Lee K, Seo GJ, Chen L, Stabell AC, Xia Z, Sawyer SL, Jung J, Huang C, Feng P. Species-Specific Deamidation of cGAS by Herpes Simplex Virus UL37 Protein Facilitates Viral Replication. Cell Host Microbe. 2018 08 08; 24(2):234-248.e5. PMID: 30092200.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Liang Q, Wei D, Chung B, Brulois KF, Guo C, Dong S, Gao SJ, Feng P, Liang C, Jung JU. Novel Role of vBcl2 in the Virion Assembly of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus. J Virol. 2018 02 15; 92(4). PMID: 29167347.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Lee HR, Li F, Choi UY, Yu HR, Aldrovandi GM, Feng P, Gao SJ, Hong YK, Jung JU. Deregulation of HDAC5 by Viral Interferon Regulatory Factor 3 Plays an Essential Role in Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus-Induced Lymphangiogenesis. MBio. 2018 01 16; 9(1). PMID: 29339432.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Zhang J, Tian M, Xia Z, Feng P. Roles of I?B kinase e in the innate immune defense and beyond. Virol Sin. 2016 Dec; 31(6):457-465. PMID: 28063014.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Wang N, Xing Y, Lou Q, Feng P, Liu S, Zhu M, Yin W, Fang S, Lin Y, Zhang T, Sang X, He G. Dwarf and short grain 1, encoding a putative U-box protein regulates cell division and elongation in rice. J Plant Physiol. 2017 Feb; 209:84-94. PMID: 28013174.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Zhao J, Zeng Y, Xu S, Chen J, Shen G, Yu C, Knipe D, Yuan W, Peng J, Xu W, Zhang C, Xia Z, Feng P. A Viral Deamidase Targets the Helicase Domain of RIG-I to Block RNA-Induced Activation. Cell Host Microbe. 2016 Dec 14; 20(6):770-784. PMID: 27866900.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Wu G, Sun Y, Wang K, Chen Z, Wang X, Chang F, Li T, Feng P, Xia Z. Relationship between elevated soluble CD74 and severity of experimental and clinical ALI/ARDS. Sci Rep. 2016 07 22; 6:30067. PMID: 27444250.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Zhang J, Feng H, Zhao J, Feldman ER, Chen SY, Yuan W, Huang C, Akbari O, Tibbetts SA, Feng P. I?B Kinase e Is an NFATc1 Kinase that Inhibits T Cell Immune Response. Cell Rep. 2016 07 12; 16(2):405-418. PMID: 27346349.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Xie N, Yuan K, Zhou L, Wang K, Chen HN, Lei Y, Lan J, Pu Q, Gao W, Zhang L, Shen G, Li Q, Xiao H, Tang H, Xiang R, He M, Feng P, Nice EC, Wei Y, Zhang H, Yang J, Huang C. PRKAA/AMPK restricts HBV replication through promotion of autophagic degradation. Autophagy. 2016 09; 12(9):1507-20. PMID: 27305174.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Zhu Y, Ramos da Silva S, He M, Liang Q, Lu C, Feng P, Jung JU, Gao SJ. An Oncogenic Virus Promotes Cell Survival and Cellular Transformation by Suppressing Glycolysis. PLoS Pathog. 2016 05; 12(5):e1005648. PMID: 27187079.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Wan CJ, Liu YH, Feng P, Wang W, Zhu LQ, Liu ZP, Shi Y, Wan Q. Flexible Metal Oxide/Graphene Oxide Hybrid Neuromorphic Transistors on Flexible Conducting Graphene Substrates. Adv Mater. 2016 Jul; 28(28):5878-85. PMID: 27159546.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Zhao J, Li J, Xu S, Feng P. Emerging Roles of Protein Deamidation in Innate Immune Signaling. J Virol. 2016 May; 90(9):4262-4268. PMID: 26889032.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Zhang J, Feng H, Xu S, Feng P. Hijacking GPCRs by viral pathogens and tumor. Biochem Pharmacol. 2016 08 15; 114:69-81. PMID: 27060663; PMCID: PMC4972684 [Available on 08/15/17].
    18. Wan CJ, Liu YH, Zhu LQ, Feng P, Shi Y, Wan Q. Short-Term Synaptic Plasticity Regulation in Solution-Gated Indium-Gallium-Zinc-Oxide Electric-Double-Layer Transistors. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016 Apr 20; 8(15):9762-8. PMID: 27007748.
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    19. Wan CJ, Zhu LQ, Liu YH, Feng P, Liu ZP, Cao HL, Xiao P, Shi Y, Wan Q. Proton-Conducting Graphene Oxide-Coupled Neuron Transistors for Brain-Inspired Cognitive Systems. Adv Mater. 2016 05; 28(18):3557-63. PMID: 26972820.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Feldman ER, Kara M, Oko LM, Grau KR, Krueger BJ, Zhang J, Feng P, van Dyk LF, Renne R, Tibbetts SA. A Gammaherpesvirus Noncoding RNA Is Essential for Hematogenous Dissemination and Establishment of Peripheral Latency. mSphere. 2016 Apr; 1(2). PMID: 27110595.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Shao F, Yang Y, Zhu LQ, Feng P, Wan Q. Oxide-based Synaptic Transistors Gated by Sol-Gel Silica Electrolytes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016 Feb 10; 8(5):3050-5. PMID: 26775562.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Liu N, Zhu LQ, Feng P, Wan CJ, Liu YH, Shi Y, Wan Q. Flexible Sensory Platform Based on Oxide-based Neuromorphic Transistors. Sci Rep. 2015 Dec 11; 5:18082. PMID: 26656113.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Yu X, Wang P, Shi Z, Dong K, Feng P, Wang H, Wang X. Urotensin-II-Mediated Reactive Oxygen Species Generation via NADPH Oxidase Pathway Contributes to Hepatic Oval Cell Proliferation. PLoS One. 2015; 10(12):e0144433. PMID: 26658815; PMCID: PMC4676694.
    24. Seo GJ, Yang A, Tan B, Kim S, Liang Q, Choi Y, Yuan W, Feng P, Park HS, Jung JU. Akt Kinase-Mediated Checkpoint of cGAS DNA Sensing Pathway. Cell Rep. 2015 Oct 13; 13(2):440-9. PMID: 26440888; PMCID: PMC4607670.
    25. Zhao J, He S, Minassian A, Li J, Feng P. Recent advances on viral manipulation of NF-?B signaling pathway. Curr Opin Virol. 2015 Dec; 15:103-11. PMID: 26385424; PMCID: PMC4688235 [Available on 12/01/16].
    26. Liu YH, Zhu LQ, Feng P, Shi Y, Wan Q. Freestanding Artificial Synapses Based on Laterally Proton-Coupled Transistors on Chitosan Membranes. Adv Mater. 2015 Oct 07; 27(37):5599-604. PMID: 26426725.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Minassian A, Zhang J, He S, Zhao J, Zandi E, Saito T, Liang C, Feng P. An Internally Translated MAVS Variant Exposes Its Amino-terminal TRAF-Binding Motifs to Deregulate Interferon Induction. PLoS Pathog. 2015 Jul; 11(7):e1005060. PMID: 26221961; PMCID: PMC4519330.
    28. Zhang J, Zhu L, Lu X, Feldman ER, Keyes LR, Wang Y, Fan H, Feng H, Xia Z, Sun J, Jiang T, Gao SJ, Tibbetts SA, Feng P. Recombinant Murine Gamma Herpesvirus 68 Carrying KSHV G Protein-Coupled Receptor Induces Angiogenic Lesions in Mice. PLoS Pathog. 2015 Jun; 11(6):e1005001. PMID: 26107716; PMCID: PMC4479558.
    29. Zhang J, He S, Wang Y, Brulois K, Lan K, Jung JU, Feng P. Herpesviral G protein-coupled receptors activate NFAT to induce tumor formation via inhibiting the SERCA calcium ATPase. PLoS Pathog. 2015 Mar; 11(3):e1004768. PMID: 25811856; PMCID: PMC4374719.
    30. Brulois K, Wong LY, Lee HR, Sivadas P, Ensser A, Feng P, Gao SJ, Toth Z, Jung JU. Association of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus ORF31 with ORF34 and ORF24 Is Critical for Late Gene Expression. J Virol. 2015 Jun; 89(11):6148-54. PMID: 25810551; PMCID: PMC4442431.
    31. He S, Zhao J, Song S, He X, Minassian A, Zhou Y, Zhang J, Brulois K, Wang Y, Cabo J, Zandi E, Liang C, Jung JU, Zhang X, Feng P. Viral pseudo-enzymes activate RIG-I via deamidation to evade cytokine production. Mol Cell. 2015 Apr 02; 58(1):134-46. PMID: 25752576; PMCID: PMC4385502.
    32. Liang Q, Chang B, Lee P, Brulois KF, Ge J, Shi M, Rodgers MA, Feng P, Oh BH, Liang C, Jung JU. Identification of the Essential Role of Viral Bcl-2 for Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Lytic Replication. J Virol. 2015 May; 89(10):5308-17. PMID: 25740994; PMCID: PMC4442505.
    33. Xia Z, Guo M, Liu H, Jiang L, Li Q, Peng J, Li JD, Shan B, Feng P, Ma H. CBP-dependent Wnt/ß-catenin signaling is crucial in regulation of MDR1 transcription. Curr Cancer Drug Targets. 2015; 15(6):519-32. PMID: 25968898.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Brulois K, Toth Z, Wong LY, Feng P, Gao SJ, Ensser A, Jung JU. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K3 and K5 ubiquitin E3 ligases have stage-specific immune evasion roles during lytic replication. J Virol. 2014 Aug; 88(16):9335-49. PMID: 24899205; PMCID: PMC4136276.
    35. Zhang J, Zhu L, Feng P. Dissecting innate immune signaling in viral evasion of cytokine production. J Vis Exp. 2014 Mar 02; (85). PMID: 24637875; PMCID: PMC4122456.
    36. Lee HR, Doganay S, Chung B, Toth Z, Brulois K, Lee S, Kanketayeva Z, Feng P, Ha T, Jung JU. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus viral interferon regulatory factor 4 (vIRF4) targets expression of cellular IRF4 and the Myc gene to facilitate lytic replication. J Virol. 2014 Feb; 88(4):2183-94. PMID: 24335298; PMCID: PMC3911525.
    37. Zhang LJ, Cao J, Feng P, Huang J, Lu J, Lu XY, Xia ZF. Influencing factors of the quality of life in Chinese burn patients: Investigation with adapted Chinese version of the BSHS-B. Burns. 2014 Jun; 40(4):731-6. PMID: 24280529.
      View in: PubMed
    38. He Z, Zhao J, Zhang J, Jung JU, Feng P. NF-?B activation coordinated by IKKß and IKKe enables latent infection of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. J Virol. 2014 Jan; 88(1):444-55. PMID: 24155403; PMCID: PMC3911695.
    39. He S, Ni D, Ma B, Lee JH, Zhang T, Ghozalli I, Pirooz SD, Zhao Z, Bharatham N, Li B, Oh S, Lee WH, Takahashi Y, Wang HG, Minassian A, Feng P, Deretic V, Pepperkok R, Tagaya M, Yoon HS, Liang C. PtdIns(3)P-bound UVRAG coordinates Golgi-ER retrograde and Atg9 transport by differential interactions with the ER tether and the beclin 1 complex. Nat Cell Biol. 2013 Oct; 15(10):1206-1219. PMID: 24056303; PMCID: PMC3805255.
    40. Liang Q, Chang B, Brulois KF, Castro K, Min CK, Rodgers MA, Shi M, Ge J, Feng P, Oh BH, Jung JU. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K7 modulates Rubicon-mediated inhibition of autophagosome maturation. J Virol. 2013 Nov; 87(22):12499-503. PMID: 24027317; PMCID: PMC3807930.
    41. Wang Y, Lu X, Zhu L, Shen Y, Chengedza S, Feng H, Wang L, Jung JU, Gutkind JS, Gutkind JS, Feng P. IKK epsilon kinase is crucial for viral G protein-coupled receptor tumorigenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jul 02; 110(27):11139-44. PMID: 23771900; PMCID: PMC3703966.
    42. Feng P, Moses A, Früh K. Evasion of adaptive and innate immune response mechanisms by ?-herpesviruses. Curr Opin Virol. 2013 Jun; 3(3):285-95. PMID: 23735334; PMCID: PMC4397892.
    43. Deng LH, Zeng YL, Feng P, Liu YL, Wang LC, Bai Y, Tang H. Clinical characteristics of critical patients with pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in Chengdu, China. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2012 Jan; 13(1):49-55. PMID: 22205620; PMCID: PMC3251752.
    44. Dong X, He Z, Durakoglugil D, Arneson L, Shen Y, Feng P. Murine gammaherpesvirus 68 evades host cytokine production via replication transactivator-induced RelA degradation. J Virol. 2012 Feb; 86(4):1930-41. PMID: 22130545; PMCID: PMC3302405.
    45. Dong X, Feng P. Murine gamma herpesvirus 68 hijacks MAVS and IKKß to abrogate NF?B activation and antiviral cytokine production. PLoS Pathog. 2011 Nov; 7(11):e1002336. PMID: 22110409; PMCID: PMC3213086.
    46. Dong X, Feng P. Dissecting host-virus interaction in lytic replication of a model herpesvirus. J Vis Exp. 2011 Oct 07; (56). PMID: 22006158; PMCID: PMC3227218.
    47. Wang H, Dong K, Xue X, Feng P, Wang X. Elevated expression of urotensin II and its receptor in diethylnitrosamine-mediated precancerous lesions in rat liver. Peptides. 2011 Feb; 32(2):382-7. PMID: 21056072.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Dong X, Feng H, Sun Q, Li H, Wu TT, Sun R, Tibbetts SA, Chen ZJ, Feng P. Murine gamma-herpesvirus 68 hijacks MAVS and IKKbeta to initiate lytic replication. PLoS Pathog. 2010 Jul 29; 6(7):e1001001. PMID: 20686657; PMCID: PMC2912392.
    49. Feng H, Sun Z, Farzan MR, Feng P. Sulfotyrosines of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus G protein-coupled receptor promote tumorigenesis through autocrine activation. J Virol. 2010 Apr; 84(7):3351-61. PMID: 20106924; PMCID: PMC2838108.
    50. Feng H, Dong X, Negaard A, Feng P. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K7 induces viral G protein-coupled receptor degradation and reduces its tumorigenicity. PLoS Pathog. 2008 Sep 19; 4(9):e1000157. PMID: 18802460; PMCID: PMC2529400.
    51. Liang C, Lee JS, Inn KS, Gack MU, Li Q, Roberts EA, Vergne I, Deretic V, Feng P, Akazawa C, Jung JU. Beclin1-binding UVRAG targets the class C Vps complex to coordinate autophagosome maturation and endocytic trafficking. Nat Cell Biol. 2008 Jul; 10(7):776-87. PMID: 18552835; PMCID: PMC2878716.
    52. Feng P, Liang C, Shin YC, Xiaofei E, Zhang W, Gravel R, Wu TT, Sun R, Usherwood E, Jung JU. A novel inhibitory mechanism of mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis by a herpesviral protein. PLoS Pathog. 2007 Dec; 3(12):e174. PMID: 18069888; PMCID: PMC2134948.
    53. Liang C, Feng P, Ku B, Oh BH, Jung JU. UVRAG: a new player in autophagy and tumor cell growth. Autophagy. 2007 Jan-Feb; 3(1):69-71. PMID: 17106237.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Liang C, Feng P, Ku B, Dotan I, Canaani D, Oh BH, Jung JU. Autophagic and tumour suppressor activity of a novel Beclin1-binding protein UVRAG. Nat Cell Biol. 2006 Jul; 8(7):688-99. PMID: 16799551.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Shin YC, Nakamura H, Liang X, Feng P, Chang H, Kowalik TF, Jung JU. Inhibition of the ATM/p53 signal transduction pathway by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus interferon regulatory factor 1. J Virol. 2006 Mar; 80(5):2257-66. PMID: 16474133; PMCID: PMC1395370.
    56. Lee BS, Lee SH, Feng P, Chang H, Cho NH, Jung JU. Characterization of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K1 signalosome. J Virol. 2005 Oct; 79(19):12173-84. PMID: 16160144; PMCID: PMC1211520.
    57. Feng P, Everly DN, Read GS. mRNA decay during herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections: protein-protein interactions involving the HSV virion host shutoff protein and translation factors eIF4H and eIF4A. J Virol. 2005 Aug; 79(15):9651-64. PMID: 16014927; PMCID: PMC1181552.
    58. Cho NH, Feng P, Lee SH, Lee BS, Liang X, Chang H, Jung JU. Inhibition of T cell receptor signal transduction by tyrosine kinase-interacting protein of Herpesvirus saimiri. J Exp Med. 2004 Sep 06; 200(5):681-7. PMID: 15337788; PMCID: PMC2212737.
    59. Chung YH, Cho NH, Garcia MI, Lee SH, Feng P, Jung JU. Activation of Stat3 transcription factor by Herpesvirus saimiri STP-A oncoprotein. J Virol. 2004 Jun; 78(12):6489-97. PMID: 15163742; PMCID: PMC416526.
    60. Lee SH, Chung YH, Cho NH, Gwack Y, Feng P, Jung JU. Modulation of T-cell receptor signal transduction by herpesvirus signaling adaptor protein. Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Jun; 24(12):5369-82. PMID: 15169900; PMCID: PMC419894.
    61. Feng P, Scott CW, Cho NH, Nakamura H, Chung YH, Monteiro MJ, Jung JU. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K7 protein targets a ubiquitin-like/ubiquitin-associated domain-containing protein to promote protein degradation. Mol Cell Biol. 2004 May; 24(9):3938-48. PMID: 15082787; PMCID: PMC387769.
    62. Park J, Cho NH, Choi JK, Feng P, Choe J, Jung JU. Distinct roles of cellular Lck and p80 proteins in herpesvirus saimiri Tip function on lipid rafts. J Virol. 2003 Aug; 77(16):9041-51. PMID: 12885920; PMCID: PMC167239.
    63. Feng P, Park J, Lee BS, Lee SH, Bram RJ, Jung JU. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus mitochondrial K7 protein targets a cellular calcium-modulating cyclophilin ligand to modulate intracellular calcium concentration and inhibit apoptosis. J Virol. 2002 Nov; 76(22):11491-504. PMID: 12388711; PMCID: PMC136794.
    64. Everly DN, Feng P, Mian IS, Read GS. mRNA degradation by the virion host shutoff (Vhs) protein of herpes simplex virus: genetic and biochemical evidence that Vhs is a nuclease. J Virol. 2002 Sep; 76(17):8560-71. PMID: 12163576; PMCID: PMC136990.
    65. Migone TS, Zhang J, Luo X, Zhuang L, Chen C, Hu B, Hong JS, Perry JW, Chen SF, Zhou JX, Cho YH, Ullrich S, Kanakaraj P, Carrell J, Boyd E, Olsen HS, Hu G, Pukac L, Liu D, Ni J, Kim S, Gentz R, Feng P, Moore PA, Ruben SM, Wei P. TL1A is a TNF-like ligand for DR3 and TR6/DcR3 and functions as a T cell costimulator. Immunity. 2002 Mar; 16(3):479-92. PMID: 11911831.
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