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Richard J Paulson, MD

Title(s)Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Phone+1 323 409 3026
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)Alia Tutor Chair in Reproductive Endocrinology

    Title(s)Division Chief, Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility

    Title(s)Director, Fellowship Program


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    The American Fertility Association2005Howard and Georgeanna Jones Lifetime Achievement Award
    Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California2004Excellence in Teaching Award
    Good Housekeeping1997Best Doctors for Women
    2002  - 2014America’s Top Doctors

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Richard Paulson is the Director of USC Fertility, and has been with the practice since 1986. He is also a Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Chief of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine.

    Dr. Paulson has been rated one of “The Best Doctors in America” continuously since 1994. He has published several landmark investigations addressing the effect of age upon female fertility, including the first observation that egg donation could be used to extend the reproductive lifespan in women over 40. Dr. Paulson’s work has extended to fertility in women over the age of 50 and, in 1997, he reported a successful pregnancy in the oldest woman on record at the time, aged 63.

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Paulson RJ. Mathematics should clarify, not obfuscate: an inaccurate and misleading calculation of the cost-effectiveness of preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy. Fertil Steril. 2019 Jun; 111(6):1113-1114. PMID: 31078276.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Mandelbaum RS, Chen L, Shoupe D, Paulson RJ, Roman LD, Wright JD, Matsuo K. Patterns of utilization and outcome of ovarian conservation for young women with minimal-risk endometrial cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 2019 Jul; 154(1):45-52. PMID: 31036348.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Paulson RJ. Introduction: Endometrial receptivity: evaluation, induction and inhibition. Fertil Steril. 2019 Apr; 111(4):609-610. PMID: 30929717.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Smith MB, Paulson RJ. Endometrial preparation for third-party parenting and cryopreserved embryo transfer. Fertil Steril. 2019 Apr; 111(4):641-649. PMID: 30929721.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Salem W, Li K, Krapp C, Ingles SA, Bartolomei MS, Chung K, Paulson RJ, Nowak RA, McGinnis LK. Imatinib treatments have long-term impact on placentation and embryo survival. Sci Rep. 2019 Feb 22; 9(1):2535. PMID: 30796277.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Paulson RJ. At last, an orally active gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist. Fertil Steril. 2019 01; 111(1):30-31. PMID: 30611410.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Machida H, Mandelbaum RS, Mikami M, Enomoto T, Sonoda Y, Grubbs BH, Paulson RJ, Roman LD, Wright JD, Matsuo K. Characteristics and outcomes of reproductive-aged women with early-stage cervical cancer: trachelectomy vs hysterectomy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Nov; 219(5):461.e1-461.e18. PMID: 30138618.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Rosenwaks Z, Handyside AH, Fiorentino F, Gleicher N, Paulson RJ, Schattman GL, Scott RT, Summers MC, Treff NR, Xu K. The pros and cons of preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy: clinical and laboratory perspectives. Fertil Steril. 2018 08; 110(3):353-361. PMID: 30098682.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Niederberger C, Pellicer A, Cohen J, Gardner DK, Palermo GD, O'Neill CL, Chow S, Rosenwaks Z, Cobo A, Swain JE, Schoolcraft WB, Frydman R, Bishop LA, Aharon D, Gordon C, New E, Decherney A, Tan SL, Paulson RJ, Goldfarb JM, Brännström M, Donnez J, Silber S, Dolmans MM, Simpson JL, Handyside AH, Munné S, Eguizabal C, Montserrat N, Izpisua Belmonte JC, Trounson A, Simon C, Tulandi T, Giudice LC, Norman RJ, Hsueh AJ, Sun Y, Laufer N, Kochman R, Eldar-Geva T, Lunenfeld B, Ezcurra D, D'Hooghe T, Fauser BCJM, Tarlatzis BC, Meldrum DR, Casper RF, Fatemi HM, Devroey P, Galliano D, Wikland M, Sigman M, Schoor RA, Goldstein M, Lipshultz LI, Schlegel PN, Hussein A, Oates RD, Brannigan RE, Ross HE, Pennings G, Klock SC, Brown S, Van Steirteghem A, Rebar RW, LaBarbera AR. Forty years of IVF. Fertil Steril. 2018 07 15; 110(2):185-324.e5. PMID: 30053940.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Woo I, Christenson LK, Gunewardena S, Ingles SA, Thomas S, Ahmady A, Chung K, Bendikson K, Paulson R, McGinnis LK. Micro-RNAs involved in cellular proliferation have altered expression profiles in granulosa of young women with diminished ovarian reserve. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2018 Oct; 35(10):1777-1786. PMID: 29987422.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Ho JR, Arrach N, Rhodes-Long K, Ahmady A, Ingles S, Chung K, Bendikson KA, Paulson RJ, McGinnis LK. Pushing the limits of detection: investigation of cell-free DNA for aneuploidy screening in embryos. Fertil Steril. 2018 08; 110(3):467-475.e2. PMID: 29960707.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Paulson RJ. Time-lapse imaging. Fertil Steril. 2018 04; 109(4):583. PMID: 29653704.
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    13. Paulson RJ, Reichman DE, Zaninovic N, Goodman LR, Racowsky C. Time-lapse imaging: clearly useful to both laboratory personnel and patient outcomes versus just because we can doesn't mean we should. Fertil Steril. 2018 04; 109(4):584-591. PMID: 29653705.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Paulson RJ, Comizzoli P. Addressing challenges in developing and implementing successful in vitro fertilization in endangered species: an opportunity for humanity to "give back". Fertil Steril. 2018 03; 109(3):418-419. PMID: 29526478.
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    15. Ho JR, Arrach N, Rhodes-Long K, Salem W, McGinnis LK, Chung K, Bendikson KA, Paulson RJ, Ahmady A. Blastulation timing is associated with differential mitochondrial content in euploid embryos. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2018 Apr; 35(4):711-720. PMID: 29353449.
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    16. Jones T, Ho JR, Gualtieri M, Bruno-Gaston J, Chung K, Paulson RJ, Bendikson KA. Clomiphene Stair-Step Protocol for Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Obstet Gynecol. 2018 01; 131(1):91-95. PMID: 29215516.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Woo I, Hindoyan R, Landay M, Ho J, Ingles SA, McGinnis LK, Paulson RJ, Chung K. Perinatal outcomes after natural conception versus in vitro fertilization (IVF) in gestational surrogates: a model to evaluate IVF treatment versus maternal effects. Fertil Steril. 2017 12; 108(6):993-998. PMID: 29202976.
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    18. Paulson RJ. Cross-border reproductive care: what is its significance? Fertil Steril. 2017 11; 108(5):761-762. PMID: 29102003.
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    19. Ho JR, Paulson RJ. Modified natural cycle in in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril. 2017 10; 108(4):572-576. PMID: 28965551.
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    20. Paulson RJ. Introduction: Contemporary approaches to alternative ovarian stimulation strategies for in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril. 2017 10; 108(4):555-557. PMID: 28911928.
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    21. Ho JR, Woo I, Louie K, Salem W, Jabara SI, Bendikson KA, Paulson RJ, Chung K. A comparison of live birth rates and perinatal outcomes between cryopreserved oocytes and cryopreserved embryos. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2017 Oct; 34(10):1359-1366. PMID: 28718080.
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    22. Paulson RJ. Preimplantation genetic screening: what is the clinical efficiency? Fertil Steril. 2017 08; 108(2):228-230. PMID: 28697911.
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    23. Burks HR, Baker M, Quaas AM, Bendikson KA, Chung K, Paulson RJ. The dilemma of counseling patients about poor prognosis: live birth after IVF with autologous oocytes in a 43-year-old woman with FSH levels above 30 mIU/mL. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2017 Sep; 34(9):1185-1188. PMID: 28656538.
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    24. Paulson RJ, Reindollar RH, Doody KJ. Toward standardizing the embryo transfer procedure: from "how to" to "how many". Fertil Steril. 2017 04; 107(4):880-881. PMID: 28366415.
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    25. Paulson RJ. The unscientific nature of the concept that "human life begins at fertilization," and why it matters. Fertil Steril. 2017 03; 107(3):566-567. PMID: 28189294.
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    26. Paulson RJ. Perinatal complications of oocyte donation to women of advanced reproductive age. Fertil Steril. 2017 01; 107(1):62-63. PMID: 27865445.
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    27. Paulson RJ, Fauser BCJM, Vuong LTN, Doody K. Can we modify assisted reproductive technology practice to broaden reproductive care access? Fertil Steril. 2016 05; 105(5):1138-1143. PMID: 27054309.
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    28. Paulson RJ. Every last baby out of every last egg: the appropriate goal for fertility treatment in women older than 40 years. Fertil Steril. 2016 Jun; 105(6):1443-4. PMID: 27042971.
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    29. Paulson RJ, Chung K, Quaas AM, Mucowski SJ, Jabara SI, Bendikson KA. Low-dose human chorionic gonadotropin alone can complete follicle maturity: successful application to modified natural cycle in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril. 2016 May; 105(5):1228-1231. PMID: 26852420.
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    30. Matsuo K, Gualtieri MR, Cahoon SS, Jung CE, Paulson RJ, Shoupe D, Muderspach LI, Wakatsuki A, Wright JD, Roman LD. Surgical menopause and increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in endometrial cancer. Menopause. 2016 Feb; 23(2):189-96. PMID: 26173075.
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    31. Parker W, Berek JS, Pritts E, Olive D, Kaunitz AM, Chalas E, Clarke-Pearson D, Goff B, Bristow R, Taylor HS, Farias-Eisner R, Fader AN, Maxwell GL, Goodwin SC, Love S, Gibbons WE, Foshag LJ, Leppert PC, Norsigian J, Nager CW, Johnson T, Guzick DS, As-Sanie S, Paulson RJ, Farquhar C, Bradley L, Scheib SA, Bilchik AJ, Rice LW, Dionne C, Jacoby A, Ascher-Walsh C, Kilpatrick SJ, Adamson GD, Siedhoff M, Israel R, Paraiso MF, Frumovitz MM, Lurain JR, Al-Hendy A, Benrubi GI, Raman SS, Kho RM, Anderson TL, Reynolds RK, DeLancey J. An Open Letter to the Food and Drug Administration Regarding the Use of Morcellation Procedures in Women Having Surgery for Presumed Uterine Myomas. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2016 Mar-Apr; 23(3):303-8. PMID: 26773577.
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    32. Paulson RJ. Treatment of infertility and the risk of ovarian cancer: are the data reassuring? Fertil Steril. 2016 Mar; 105(3):605-606. PMID: 26730498.
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    33. Burks H, Buckbinder J, Francis-Hernandez M, Chung K, Jabara S, Bendikson K, Paulson R. Developmentally delayed cleavage-stage embryos maintain comparable implantation rates in frozen embryo transfers. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2015 Oct; 32(10):1477-81. PMID: 26347340.
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    34. Burks H, Paulson R. Cryopreserved embryo transfer: endometrial preparation and timing. Semin Reprod Med. 2015 Mar; 33(2):145-52. PMID: 25734351.
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    35. Paulson RJ. How do we decide how many embryos are safe for transfer? Fertil Steril. 2014 Dec; 102(6):1565-6. PMID: 25458621.
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    36. Matsuo K, Cahoon SS, Gualtieri M, Scannell CA, Jung CE, Takano T, Paulson RJ, Muderspach LI, Roman LD. Significance of adenomyosis on tumor progression and survival outcome of endometrial cancer. Ann Surg Oncol. 2014 Dec; 21(13):4246-55. PMID: 25001096.
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    37. Paulson RJ. Does the age of the recipient influence the probability of pregnancy among recipients of oocyte donation? Fertil Steril. 2014 May; 101(5):1248-9. PMID: 24726220.
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    38. Paulson RJ, Collins MG, Yankov VI. Progesterone pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics with 3 dosages and 2 regimens of an effervescent micronized progesterone vaginal insert. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Nov; 99(11):4241-9. PMID: 24606090.
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    39. Mucowski SJ, Mack WJ, Shoupe D, Kono N, Paulson R, Hodis HN. Effect of prior oophorectomy on changes in bone mineral density and carotid artery intima-media thickness in postmenopausal women. Fertil Steril. 2014 Apr; 101(4):1117-22. PMID: 24530156; PMCID: PMC4215065.
    40. Rudick BJ, Ingles SA, Chung K, Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ, Bendikson KA. Influence of vitamin D levels on in vitro fertilization outcomes in donor-recipient cycles. Fertil Steril. 2014 Feb; 101(2):447-52. PMID: 24210230.
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    41. Quaas AM, Kono N, Mack WJ, Hodis HN, Felix JC, Paulson RJ, Shoupe D. Effect of isoflavone soy protein supplementation on endometrial thickness, hyperplasia, and endometrial cancer risk in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial. Menopause. 2013 Aug; 20(8):840-4. PMID: 23422867.
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    42. Quaas AM, Melamed A, Chung K, Bendikson KA, Paulson RJ. Egg banking in the United States: current status of commercially available cryopreserved oocytes. Fertil Steril. 2013 Mar 01; 99(3):827-31. PMID: 23200684.
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    43. Rudick B, Ingles S, Chung K, Stanczyk F, Paulson R, Bendikson K. Characterizing the influence of vitamin D levels on IVF outcomes. Hum Reprod. 2012 Nov; 27(11):3321-7. PMID: 22914766.
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    44. Paulson RJ. Hormonal induction of endometrial receptivity. Fertil Steril. 2011 Sep; 96(3):530-5. PMID: 21880274.
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    45. Stanczyk FZ, Azen CG, Paulson RJ. Potential contribution of the postmenopausal ovary to the circulating pool of dehydroepiandrosterone. Menopause. 2011 May; 18(5):587; author response 587-90. PMID: 21487316.
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    46. Chung K, Fogle R, Bendikson K, Christenson K, Paulson R. Microdose gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist in the absence of exogenous gonadotropins is not sufficient to induce multiple follicle development. Fertil Steril. 2011 Jan; 95(1):317-9. PMID: 20813363.
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    47. Rudick B, Opper N, Paulson R, Bendikson K, Chung K. The status of oocyte cryopreservation in the United States. Fertil Steril. 2010 Dec; 94(7):2642-6. PMID: 20723535.
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    48. Fogle RH, Li A, Paulson RJ. Modulation of HOXA10 and other markers of endometrial receptivity by age and human chorionic gonadotropin in an endometrial explant model. Fertil Steril. 2010 Mar 01; 93(4):1255-9. PMID: 19131054.
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    49. Mor E, Landay M, Paulson RJ. Endometrial receptivity is preserved in Diethylstilbestrol-associated and other Müllerian anomalies: evidence from tubal embryo transfer. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2009 Jan; 26(1):65-8. PMID: 19051005.
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    50. Steiner AZ, Chang L, Ji Q, Ookhtens M, Stolz A, Paulson RJ, Stanczyk FZ. 3alpha-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type III deficiency: a novel mechanism for hirsutism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Apr; 93(4):1298-303. PMID: 18252781.
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    51. Fogle RH, Chang L, Patel SK, Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ. Increased insulin-like growth factor-1 after oophorectomy in postmenopausal women. Fertil Steril. 2008 Oct; 90(4):1236-9. PMID: 18054929.
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    52. Bayrak A, Fogle RH, Paulson RJ. Clomiphene citrate-induced follicular development in the presence of an ovarian ectopic pregnancy. Fertil Steril. 2008 Feb; 89(2):456.e1-2. PMID: 17517395.
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    53. Fogle RH, Stanczyk FZ, Zhang X, Paulson RJ. Ovarian androgen production in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Aug; 92(8):3040-3. PMID: 17519304.
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    54. Steiner AZ, Paulson RJ. Motherhood after age 50: an evaluation of parenting stress and physical functioning. Fertil Steril. 2007 Jun; 87(6):1327-32. PMID: 17292363.
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    55. Bayrak A, Terbell H, Urwitz-Lane R, Mor E, Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ. Acute effects of metformin therapy include improvement of insulin resistance and ovarian morphology. Fertil Steril. 2007 Apr; 87(4):870-5. PMID: 17224152.
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    56. Jain JK, Paulson RJ. Oocyte cryopreservation. Fertil Steril. 2006 Oct; 86(4 Suppl):1037-46. PMID: 17008147.
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    57. Bayrak A, Harp D, Saadat P, Mor E, Paulson RJ. Recurrence of hydrosalpinges after cuff neosalpingostomy in a poor prognosis population. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2006 Jun; 23(6):285-8. PMID: 16865531.
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    58. Steiner AZ, Paulson RJ. Oocyte donation. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Mar; 49(1):44-54. PMID: 16456342.
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    59. Paulson RJ. Academic practice plans have been detrimental to the practice of assisted reproductive technology. Fertil Steril. 2005 Sep; 84(3):578-9; discussion 583. PMID: 16169386.
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    60. Mor E, Rodi IA, Bayrak A, Paulson RJ, Sokol RZ. Diagnosis of pituitary gonadotroph adenomas in reproductive-aged women. Fertil Steril. 2005 Sep; 84(3):757. PMID: 16169418.
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    61. Mor E, Saadat P, Kives S, White E, Reid RL, Paulson RJ, Stanczyk FZ. Comparison of vaginal and oral administration of emergency contraception. Fertil Steril. 2005 Jul; 84(1):40-5. PMID: 16009155.
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    62. Bayrak A, Saadat P, Mor E, Chong L, Paulson RJ, Sokol RZ. Pituitary imaging is indicated for the evaluation of hyperprolactinemia. Fertil Steril. 2005 Jul; 84(1):181-5. PMID: 16009175.
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    63. Steiner AZ, Paulson RJ, Hartmann KE. Effects of competition among fertility centers on pregnancy and high-order multiple gestation rates. Fertil Steril. 2005 May; 83(5):1429-34. PMID: 15866580.
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    64. Steiner AZ, Terplan M, Paulson RJ. Comparison of tamoxifen and clomiphene citrate for ovulation induction: a meta-analysis. Hum Reprod. 2005 Jun; 20(6):1511-5. PMID: 15845599.
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    65. Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ, Roy S. Percutaneous administration of progesterone: blood levels and endometrial protection. Menopause. 2005 Mar; 12(2):232-7. PMID: 15772572.
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    66. Saadat P, Boostanfar R, Slater CC, Tourgeman DE, Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ. Accelerated endometrial maturation in the luteal phase of cycles utilizing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation: impact of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists versus antagonists. Fertil Steril. 2004 Jul; 82(1):167-71. PMID: 15237007.
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    67. Mor E, Zograbyan A, Saadat P, Bayrak A, Tourgeman DE, Zhang C, Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ. The insulin resistant subphenotype of polycystic ovary syndrome: clinical parameters and pathogenesis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Jun; 190(6):1654-60. PMID: 15284763.
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    68. Jain JK, Boostanfar R, Slater CC, Francis MM, Paulson RJ. Monozygotic twins and triplets in association with blastocyst transfer. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2004 Apr; 21(4):103-7. PMID: 15270208; PMCID: PMC3455608.
    69. Stanczyk FZ, Cho MM, Endres DB, Morrison JL, Patel S, Paulson RJ. Limitations of direct estradiol and testosterone immunoassay kits. Steroids. 2003 Dec; 68(14):1173-8. PMID: 14643879.
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    70. Saadat P, Slater CC, Jain JK, Tourgeman DE, Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ. Treatment-associated serum FSH levels in very poor responders to ovarian stimulation. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2003 Oct; 20(10):395-9. PMID: 14649378; PMCID: PMC3455170.
    71. Paulson RJ, Boostanfar R, Saadat P, Mor E, Tourgeman DE, Slater CC, Francis MM, Jain JK. Pregnancy in the sixth decade of life: obstetric outcomes in women of advanced reproductive age. JAMA. 2002 Nov 13; 288(18):2320-3. PMID: 12425710.
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    72. Tourgeman DE, Lu JJ, Boostanfar R, Amezcua C, Felix JC, Paulson RJ. Human chorionic gonadotropin suppresses ovarian epithelial neoplastic cell proliferation in vitro. Fertil Steril. 2002 Nov; 78(5):1096-9. PMID: 12414000.
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    73. Mor E, Saadat P, Sokol RZ, Paulson RJ. Spontaneous twin gestation after vaginal dilation in a woman with uterus didelphys and bladder exstrophy. Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Nov; 100(5 Pt 2):1138-41. PMID: 12423836.
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    74. Ziel HK, Paulson RJ. Contralateral corpus luteum in ectopic pregnancy: what does it tell us about ovum pickup? Fertil Steril. 2002 Apr; 77(4):850-1. PMID: 11937149.
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    75. Slater CC, Zhang C, Hodis HN, Mack WJ, Boostanfar R, Shoupe D, Paulson RJ, Stanczyk FZ. Comparison of estrogen and androgen levels after oral estrogen replacement therapy. J Reprod Med. 2001 Dec; 46(12):1052-6. PMID: 11789085.
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    76. Tourgeman DE, Bhaumik M, Cooke GC, Najmabadi S, Paulson RJ, Jain JK. Pregnancy rates following fimbriectomy reversal via neosalpingostomy: a 10-year retrospective analysis. Fertil Steril. 2001 Nov; 76(5):1041-4. PMID: 11704131.
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    77. Boostanfar R, Jain JK, Slater CC, Tourgeman DE, Francis MM, Paulson RJ. The prognostic significance of day 3 embryo cleavage stage on subsequent blastocyst development in a sequential culture system. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2001 Oct; 18(10):548-50. PMID: 11702768.
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    78. Slater CC, Chang L, Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ. Altered balance between the 5 alpha-reductase and aromatase pathways of androgen metabolism during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation with human menopausal gonadotropins. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2001 Oct; 18(10):527-33. PMID: 11699123; PMCID: PMC3455317.
    79. Tourgeman DE, Boostanfar R, Chang L, Lu J, Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ. Is there evidence for preferential delivery of ovarian estradiol to the endometrium? Fertil Steril. 2001 Jun; 75(6):1156-8. PMID: 11384642.
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    80. Slater CC, Hodis HN, Mack WJ, Shoupe D, Paulson RJ, Stanczyk FZ. Markedly elevated levels of estrone sulfate after long-term oral, but not transdermal, administration of estradiol in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2001 May-Jun; 8(3):200-3. PMID: 11355042.
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    81. Boostanfar R, Jain JK, Mishell DR, Paulson RJ. A prospective randomized trial comparing clomiphene citrate with tamoxifen citrate for ovulation induction. Fertil Steril. 2001 May; 75(5):1024-6. PMID: 11334921.
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    82. Paulson RJ, Milligan RC, Sokol RZ. The lack of influence of age on male fertility. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Apr; 184(5):818-22; discussion 822-4. PMID: 11303188.
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    83. Tourgeman DE, Slater CC, Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ. Endocrine and clinical effects of micronized estradiol administered vaginally or orally. Fertil Steril. 2001 Jan; 75(1):200-2. PMID: 11163838.
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    84. Paulson RJ, Ory SJ, Giudice LC, Schlaff WD, Santoro NF, Coddington CC. Multiple pregnancies: what action should we take? Fertil Steril. 2001 Jan; 75(1):14-5; discussion 16-7. PMID: 11163807.
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    85. Sokol RZ, Shulman P, Paulson RJ. Comparison of two methods for the measurement of sperm concentration. Fertil Steril. 2000 Mar; 73(3):591-4. PMID: 10689018.
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    86. Hornstein MD, Davis OK, Massey JB, Paulson RJ, Collins JA. Antiphospholipid antibodies and in vitro fertilization success: a meta-analysis. Fertil Steril. 2000 Feb; 73(2):330-3. PMID: 10685538.
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    87. Colwell CW, Collis DK, Paulson R, McCutchen JW, Bigler GT, Lutz S, Hardwick ME. Comparison of enoxaparin and warfarin for the prevention of venous thromboembolic disease after total hip arthroplasty. Evaluation during hospitalization and three months after discharge. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999 Jul; 81(7):932-40. PMID: 10428124.
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    88. Tourgeman DE, Gentzchein E, Stanczyk FZ, Paulson RJ. Serum and tissue hormone levels of vaginally and orally administered estradiol. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Jun; 180(6 Pt 1):1480-3. PMID: 10368494.
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    89. Paulson RJ. Political correctness and the abridgment of reproductive choice. Fertil Steril. 1999 Mar; 71(3):418-9. PMID: 10065774.
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    90. Morris RS, Paulson RJ. Increased angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in a patient with severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Fertil Steril. 1999 Mar; 71(3):562-3. PMID: 10065799.
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    91. Saraj AJ, Wilcox JG, Najmabadi S, Stein SM, Johnson MB, Paulson RJ. Resolution of hormonal markers of ectopic gestation: a randomized trial comparing single-dose intramuscular methotrexate with salpingostomy. Obstet Gynecol. 1998 Dec; 92(6):989-94. PMID: 9840564.
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    92. Thornton MH, Francis MM, Paulson RJ. Immature oocyte retrieval: lessons from unstimulated IVF cycles. Fertil Steril. 1998 Oct; 70(4):647-50. PMID: 9797092.
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    93. Paulson RJ. Safe age for pregnancy? Fertil Steril. 1998 May; 69(5):976. PMID: 9591512.
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    94. Graczykowski JW, Francis MM, Paulson RJ, Sokol RZ. Factors influencing sperm-zona pellucida binding in vitro using the intact zona model. Hum Reprod. 1998 Mar; 13(3):670-5. PMID: 9572432.
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    95. Paulson RJ, Thornton MH. Follicle aspiration, sperm injection, and assisted rupture (FASIAR): a simple new assisted reproductive technique. Fertil Steril. 1997 Dec; 68(6):1148-51. PMID: 9418716.
      View in: PubMed
    96. Koopersmith TB, Lindheim SR, Lobo RA, Paulson RJ, Sauer MV. Outcomes of high-order multiple implantations in women undergoing ovum donation. J Matern Fetal Med. 1997 Sep-Oct; 6(5):268-72. PMID: 9360184.
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    97. Kolb BA, Paulson RJ. The luteal phase of cycles utilizing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and the possible impact of this hyperstimulation on embryo implantation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Jun; 176(6):1262-7; discussion 1267-9. PMID: 9215183.
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    98. Paulson RJ, Thornton MH, Francis MM, Salvador HS. Successful pregnancy in a 63-year-old woman. Fertil Steril. 1997 May; 67(5):949-51. PMID: 9130906.
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    99. Carmina E, Wong L, Chang L, Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Stanczyk FZ, Lobo RA. Endocrine abnormalities in ovulatory women with polycystic ovaries on ultrasound. Hum Reprod. 1997 May; 12(5):905-9. PMID: 9194637.
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    100. Kolb BA, Najmabadi S, Paulson RJ. Ultrastructural characteristics of the luteal phase endometrium in patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. Fertil Steril. 1997 Apr; 67(4):625-30. PMID: 9093184.
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    101. Paulson RJ, Hatch IE, Lobo RA, Sauer MV. Cumulative conception and live birth rates after oocyte donation: implications regarding endometrial receptivity. Hum Reprod. 1997 Apr; 12(4):835-9. PMID: 9159452.
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    102. Najmabadi S, Wilcox JG, Acacio BD, Thornton MH, Kolb BA, Paulson RJ. The significance of polycystic-appearing ovaries versus normal-appearing ovaries in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril. 1997 Apr; 67(4):631-5. PMID: 9093185.
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    103. Stolwijk AM, Zielhuis GA, Sauer MV, Hamilton CJ, Paulson RJ. The impact of the woman's age on the success of standard and donor in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril. 1997 Apr; 67(4):702-10. PMID: 9093198.
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    104. Paulson RJ. Fertility drugs and ovarian epithelial cancer: the endometriosis hypothesis. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1997 Apr; 14(4):228-30. PMID: 9130072.
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    105. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Moyer DL. Assessing the importance of endometrial biopsy prior to oocyte donation. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1997 Feb; 14(2):125-7. PMID: 9048244.
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    106. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Lobo RA. Potential enhancement of endometrial receptivity in cycles using controlled ovarian hyperstimulation with antiprogestins: a hypothesis. Fertil Steril. 1997 Feb; 67(2):321-5. PMID: 9022610.
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    107. Lindheim SR, Sauer MV, Francis MM, Macaso T, Lobo R, Paulson RJ. The utility of a midcycle follicle-stimulating hormone boost in addition to human chorionic gonadotropin for timing of follicle aspiration in unstimulated in vitro fertilization cycles. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1997; 43(2):76-8. PMID: 9067710.
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    108. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Comparing the clinical utility of GnRH antagonist to GnRH agonist in an oocyte donation program. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1997; 43(4):215-8. PMID: 9194617.
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    109. Paulson RJ. Assisted reproductive technologies. West J Med. 1996 Dec; 165(6):377-8. PMID: 9000863.
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    110. Paulson RJ. Fertility drugs and ovarian epithelial cancer: is there a link? J Assist Reprod Genet. 1996 Nov; 13(10):751-6. PMID: 8986583.
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    111. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Oocyte donation to women of advanced reproductive age: pregnancy results and obstetrical outcomes in patients 45 years and older. Hum Reprod. 1996 Nov; 11(11):2540-3. PMID: 8981151.
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    112. Wong IL, Legro RS, Lindheim SR, Paulson RJ, Sauer MV. Efficacy of oocytes donated by older women in an oocyte donation programme. Hum Reprod. 1996 Apr; 11(4):820-3. PMID: 8671334.
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    113. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Rare occurrence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in oocyte donors. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1996 Mar; 52(3):259-62. PMID: 8775679.
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    114. Lindheim SR, Sauer MV, Francis MM, Macaso TM, Lobo RA, Paulson RJ. The significance of elevated early follicular-phase follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels: observations in unstimulated in vitro fertilization cycles. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1996 Jan; 13(1):49-52. PMID: 8825167.
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    115. Morris RS, Wong IL, Hatch IE, Gentschein E, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Prorenin is elevated in polycystic ovary syndrome and may reflect hyperandrogenism. Fertil Steril. 1995 Dec; 64(6):1099-103. PMID: 7589659.
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    116. Legro RS, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA, Sauer MV. Association of early beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin values with pregnancy wastage and multiple implantation in a donor oocyte programme. Hum Reprod. 1995 Dec; 10(12):3293-6. PMID: 8822461.
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    117. Paulson RJ. Ethical considerations involving oocyte donation and gestational surrogacy. Semin Reprod Endocrinol. 1995 Aug; 13(3):225-30. PMID: 11660363.
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    118. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Pregnancy in women 50 or more years of age: outcomes of 22 consecutively established pregnancies from oocyte donation. Fertil Steril. 1995 Jul; 64(1):111-5. PMID: 7789544.
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    119. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Francis MM, Macaso TM, Lobo RA. Preimplantation adoption: establishing pregnancy using donated oocytes and spermatozoa. Hum Reprod. 1995 Jun; 10(6):1419-22. PMID: 7593507.
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    120. Morris RS, Wong IL, Kirkman E, Gentschein E, Paulson RJ. Inhibition of ovarian-derived prorenin to angiotensin cascade in the treatment of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Hum Reprod. 1995 Jun; 10(6):1355-8. PMID: 7593495.
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    121. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Oocyte and embryo donation. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Jun; 7(3):193-8. PMID: 7647271.
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    122. Morris RS, Wong IL, Paulson RJ. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition of the gonadotropin-stimulated rabbit: effect on estradiol production. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1995 May; 12(5):326-9. PMID: 8520197.
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    123. Morris RS, Paulson RJ, Lindheim SR, Legro RS, Lobo RA, Sauer MV. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition reverses luteal phase steroid production in oocyte donors. Fertil Steril. 1995 Apr; 63(4):854-8. PMID: 7890074.
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    124. Morris RS, Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Lobo RA. Predictive value of serum oestradiol concentrations and oocyte number in severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Hum Reprod. 1995 Apr; 10(4):811-4. PMID: 7650126.
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    125. Legro RS, Wong IL, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA, Sauer MV. Multiple implantation after oocyte donation: a frequent but inefficient event. Fertil Steril. 1995 Apr; 63(4):849-53. PMID: 7890073.
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    126. Wong IL, Morris RS, Lobo RA, Paulson RJ, Sauer MV. Isolated polycystic morphology in ovum donors predicts response to ovarian stimulation. Hum Reprod. 1995 Mar; 10(3):524-8. PMID: 7782426.
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    127. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Triplet pregnancy in a 51-year-old woman after oocyte donation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Mar; 172(3):1044-5. PMID: 7892847.
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    128. Weathersbee PS, Francis MM, Macaso TM, Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. A new long shelf life formulation of modified Ham's F-10 medium: biochemical and clinical evaluation. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1995 Mar; 12(3):175-9. PMID: 8520181.
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    129. Lindheim SR, Legro RS, Morris RS, Vijod MA, Lobo RA, Paulson RJ, Sauer MV. Altered responses to stress in women undergoing in-vitro fertilization and recipients of oocyte donation. Hum Reprod. 1995 Feb; 10(2):320-3. PMID: 7769055.
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    130. Legro RS, Wong IL, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA, Sauer MV. Recipient's age does not adversely affect pregnancy outcome after oocyte donation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Jan; 172(1 Pt 1):96-100. PMID: 7847566.
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    131. Morris RS, Paulson RJ. Ovarian derived prorenin-angiotensin cascade in human reproduction. Fertil Steril. 1994 Dec; 62(6):1105-14. PMID: 7957971.
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    132. Miles RA, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA, Press MF, Dahmoush L, Sauer MV. Pharmacokinetics and endometrial tissue levels of progesterone after administration by intramuscular and vaginal routes: a comparative study. Fertil Steril. 1994 Sep; 62(3):485-90. PMID: 8062942.
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    133. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Francis MM, Macaso T, Lobo RA. Factors affecting pregnancy success of human in-vitro fertilization in unstimulated cycles. Hum Reprod. 1994 Aug; 9(8):1571-5. PMID: 7989524.
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    134. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Mishaps and misfortunes: complications that occur in oocyte donation. Fertil Steril. 1994 May; 61(5):963-5. PMID: 8174737.
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    135. Sauer MV, Ary BR, Paulson RJ. The demographic characterization of women participating in oocyte donation: a review of 300 consecutively performed cycles. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1994 May; 45(2):147-51. PMID: 7915683.
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    136. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV. Pregnancies in post-menopausal women. Oocyte donation to women of advanced reproductive age: 'how old is too old?'. Hum Reprod. 1994 Apr; 9(4):571-2. PMID: 8046004.
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    137. Morris RS, Paulson RJ. Does intravenous albumin prevent ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome? Hum Reprod. 1994 Apr; 9(4):753-4. PMID: 8046036.
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    138. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV. Regulation of oocyte donation to women over the age of 50: a question of reproductive choice. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1994 Apr; 11(4):177-82. PMID: 7711378.
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    139. Morris RS, Francis MM, Do YS, Hsueh WA, Lobo RA, Paulson RJ. Angiotensin II (AII) modulation of steroidogenesis by luteinized granulosa cells in vitro. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1994 Mar; 11(3):117-22. PMID: 7827440.
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    140. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Ary BA, Lobo RA. Three hundred cycles of oocyte donation at the University of Southern California: assessing the effect of age and infertility diagnosis on pregnancy and implantation rates. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1994 Feb; 11(2):92-6. PMID: 7819708.
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    141. Sauer MV, diDonato P, Nola VF, Paulson RJ. Failure to comply with hormone replacement may jeopardize pregnancies in functionally agonadal women: a series report. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1994 Jan; 11(1):49-51. PMID: 7949836.
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    142. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Lobo RA. Addition of a gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist and exogenous gonadotropins to unstimulated in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles: physiologic observations and preliminary experience. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1994 Jan; 11(1):28-32. PMID: 7949832.
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    143. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Quadruplet pregnancy in a 51-year-old menopausal woman following oocyte donation. Hum Reprod. 1993 Dec; 8(12):2243-4. PMID: 8150932.
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    144. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Repeat trials of oocyte donation to women with previous donor oocyte success. Hum Reprod. 1993 Nov; 8(11):1851-3. PMID: 8288750.
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    145. Legro RS, Ary BA, Paulson RJ, Stanczyk FZ, Sauer MV. Premature luteinization as detected by elevated serum progesterone is associated with a higher pregnancy rate in donor oocyte in-vitro fertilization. Hum Reprod. 1993 Sep; 8(9):1506-11. PMID: 8253943.
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    146. Paulson RJ. Value of myomectomy in the treatment of infertility. Fertil Steril. 1993 Jun; 59(6):1332; author reply 1332-3. PMID: 8495790.
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    147. Paulson RJ. In vitro fertilization and other assisted reproductive techniques. J Reprod Med. 1993 Apr; 38(4):261-8. PMID: 8501732.
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    148. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Pregnancy after age 50: application of oocyte donation to women after natural menopause. Lancet. 1993 Feb 06; 341(8841):321-3. PMID: 8094110.
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    149. Sauer MV, Miles RA, Dahmoush L, Paulson RJ, Press M, Moyer D. Evaluating the effect of age on endometrial responsiveness to hormone replacement therapy: a histologic ultrasonographic, and tissue receptor analysis. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1993 Jan; 10(1):47-52. PMID: 8499679.
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    150. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Reversing the natural decline in human fertility. An extended clinical trial of oocyte donation to women of advanced reproductive age. JAMA. 1992 Sep 09; 268(10):1275-9. PMID: 1507373.
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    151. Matteri RK, Stanczyk FZ, Cassidenti DL, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. The ovarian contribution to peripherally derived serum C19 conjugates. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1992 Sep; 75(3):768-72. PMID: 1387653.
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    152. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Francis MM, Macaso TM, Lobo RA. A prospective controlled evaluation of TEST-yolk buffer in the preparation of sperm for human in vitro fertilization in suspected cases of male infertility. Fertil Steril. 1992 Sep; 58(3):551-5. PMID: 1521651.
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    153. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Demographic differences between younger and older recipients seeking oocyte donation. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1992 Aug; 9(4):400-4. PMID: 1472819.
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    154. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Understanding the current status of oocyte donation in the United States: what's really going on out there? Fertil Steril. 1992 Jul; 58(1):16-8. PMID: 1623999.
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    155. Francis MM, Macaso T, Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Embryotoxicity of three commercially available powderless surgical gloves. J Assist Reprod Genet. 1992 Jun; 9(3):283-5. PMID: 1525463.
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    156. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Oocyte donors: a demographic analysis of women at the University of Southern California. Hum Reprod. 1992 May; 7(5):726-8. PMID: 1639993.
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    157. Cassidenti DL, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA, Sauer MV. The synergistic effects of clomiphene citrate and human menopausal gonadotrophin in the folliculogenesis of stimulated cycles as assessed by the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonist Nal-Glu. Hum Reprod. 1992 Mar; 7(3):344-8. PMID: 1587939.
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    158. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Francis MM, Macaso TM, Lobo RA. In vitro fertilization in unstimulated cycles: the University of Southern California experience. Fertil Steril. 1992 Feb; 57(2):290-3. PMID: 1735477.
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    159. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Pelvic abscess complicating transcervical embryo transfer. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Jan; 166(1 Pt 1):148-9. PMID: 1733188.
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    160. Ditkoff EC, Cassidenti DL, Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Paul WL, Rivier J, Yen SS, Lobo RA. The gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (Nal-Glu) acutely blocks the luteinizing hormone surge but allows for resumption of folliculogenesis in normal women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Dec; 165(6 Pt 1):1811-7. PMID: 1750480.
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    161. Cassidenti DL, Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Ditkoff EC, Rivier J, Yen SS, Lobo RA. Comparison of intermittent and continuous use of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (Nal-Glu) in in vitro fertilization cycles: a preliminary report. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Dec; 165(6 Pt 1):1806-10. PMID: 1750479.
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    162. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Utility and predictive value of a rapid measurement of urinary pregnanediol glucuronide by enzyme immunoassay in an infertility practice. Fertil Steril. 1991 Nov; 56(5):823-6. PMID: 1936313.
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    163. Frederick JL, Paulson RJ, Sauer MV. Routine use of vaginal ultrasonography in the preoperative evaluation of gynecologic patients. An adjunct to resident education. J Reprod Med. 1991 Nov; 36(11):779-82. PMID: 1765955.
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    164. Sauer MV, Francis M, Macaso T, Paulson RJ. The effect of chemiluminescent light exposure on the in vitro development of mouse embryos. J In Vitro Fert Embryo Transf. 1991 Oct; 8(5):290-2. PMID: 1757744.
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    165. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV. Counseling the infertile couple: when enough is enough. Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Sep; 78(3 Pt 1):462-4. PMID: 1876384.
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    166. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV. Counseling the infertile couple: when enough is enough. Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Sep; 73(3 Pt. 1):462-4. PMID: 11659406.
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    167. Frederick JL, Hickey MJ, Francis MM, Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. The effect of leuprolide acetate on steroidogenesis by granulosa and theca cells in vitro. J In Vitro Fert Embryo Transf. 1991 Aug; 8(4):230-4. PMID: 1753171.
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    168. Cassidenti DL, Paulson RJ, Serafini P, Stanczyk FZ, Lobo RA. Effects of sex steroids on skin 5 alpha-reductase activity in vitro. Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Jul; 78(1):103-7. PMID: 1828548.
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    169. Sauer MV, Kaufman FR, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Pregnancy after oocyte donation to a woman with ovarian failure and classical galactosemia. Fertil Steril. 1991 Jun; 55(6):1197-9. PMID: 2037114.
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    170. Sauer MV, Stein AL, Paulson RJ, Moyer DL. Endometrial responses to various hormone replacement regimens in ovarian failure patients preparing for embryo donation. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1991 May; 35(1):61-8. PMID: 1680078.
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    171. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Macaso TM, Francis MM, Lobo RA. Oocyte and pre-embryo donation to women with ovarian failure: an extended clinical trial. Fertil Steril. 1991 Jan; 55(1):39-43. PMID: 1986970.
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    172. Frederick JL, Francis MM, Macaso TM, Lobo RA, Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Preovulatory follicular fluid steroid levels in stimulated and unstimulated cycles triggered with human chorionic gonadotropin. Fertil Steril. 1991 Jan; 55(1):44-7. PMID: 1986971.
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    173. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Consecutive pregnancies in a menopausal woman following oocyte donation. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1991; 32(2):118-20. PMID: 1748320.
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    174. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Lobo RA. Factors affecting embryo implantation after human in vitro fertilization: a hypothesis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Dec; 163(6 Pt 1):2020-3. PMID: 2256515.
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    175. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Francis MM, Macaso TM, Lobo RA. In vitro fertilization in unstimulated cycles: a clinical trial using hCG for timing of follicle aspiration. Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Nov; 76(5 Pt 1):788-91. PMID: 2216225.
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    176. Chenette PE, Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Very high serum estradiol levels are not detrimental to clinical outcome of in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril. 1990 Nov; 54(5):858-63. PMID: 2121555.
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    177. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Human oocyte and preembryo donation: an evolving method for the treatment of infertility. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Nov; 163(5 Pt 1):1421-4. PMID: 2240081.
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    178. Siegel MS, Paulson RJ, Graczykowski JW. The influence of human follicular fluid on the acrosome reaction, fertilizing capacity and proteinase activity of human spermatozoa. Hum Reprod. 1990 Nov; 5(8):975-80. PMID: 2081809.
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    179. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. A preliminary report on oocyte donation extending reproductive potential to women over 40. N Engl J Med. 1990 Oct 25; 323(17):1157-60. PMID: 2136370.
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    180. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Lobo RA. Pregnancy after in vitro fertilization in a patient with stage I endometrial carcinoma treated with progestins. Fertil Steril. 1990 Oct; 54(4):735-6. PMID: 2209899.
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    181. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Chenette P, Frederick J, Stanczyk FZ. Effect of hydration on random levels of urinary pregnanediol glucuronide. Gynecol Endocrinol. 1990 Sep; 4(3):145-9. PMID: 2284979.
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    182. Anderson RE, Stein AL, Paulson RJ, Stanczyk FZ, Vijod AG, Lobo RA. Effects of norethindrone on gonadotropin and ovarian steroid secretion when used for cycle programming during in vitro fertilization. Fertil Steril. 1990 Jul; 54(1):96-101. PMID: 2113493.
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    183. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Lobo RA. Embryo implantation after human in vitro fertilization: importance of endometrial receptivity. Fertil Steril. 1990 May; 53(5):870-4. PMID: 2110078.
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    184. Frederick JL, Chenette PE, Paulson RJ, Stanczyk FZ, Sauer MV. Random urinary pregnanediol glucuronide measurements in pregnancy: lack of utility for evaluation of first-trimester vaginal bleeding. Hum Reprod. 1990 May; 5(4):468-70. PMID: 2362010.
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    185. Anderson RE, Serafini PC, Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Marrs RP. Detection and management of pathological, non-palpable, cystic adnexal masses. Hum Reprod. 1990 Apr; 5(3):279-81. PMID: 2141030.
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    186. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV. Conservative surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy. Avoiding partial salpingectomy. J Reprod Med. 1990 Jan; 35(1):22-4. PMID: 2299607.
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    187. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Simultaneous establishment of pregnancies in two ovarian failure patients using one oocyte donor. Fertil Steril. 1989 Dec; 52(6):1072-3. PMID: 2591566.
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    188. Sauer MV, Anderson RE, Vermesh M, Stone BA, Paulson RJ. Spontaneously resorbing ectopic pregnancy: preservation of human chorionic gonadotropin bioactivity despite declining steroid hormone levels. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989 Dec; 161(6 Pt 1):1673-6. PMID: 2603924.
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    189. Paulson R, Shanfeld J, Sachs L, Price T, Paulson J. Effect of smokeless tobacco on the development of the CD-1 mouse fetus. Teratology. 1989 Nov; 40(5):483-94. PMID: 2623638.
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    190. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ, Macaso TM, Francis-Hernandez M, Lobo RA. Establishment of a nonanonymous donor oocyte program: preliminary experience at the University of Southern California. Fertil Steril. 1989 Sep; 52(3):433-6. PMID: 2776897.
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    191. Sauer MV, Lobo RA, Paulson RJ. Successful twin pregnancy after embryo donation to a patient with XY gonadal dysgenesis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989 Aug; 161(2):380-1. PMID: 2764056.
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    192. Paulson RJ, Sauer MV, Lobo RA. In vitro fertilization in unstimulated cycles: a new application. Fertil Steril. 1989 Jun; 51(6):1059-60. PMID: 2498130.
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    193. Davidson A, Vermesh M, Paulson RJ, Graczykowski JW, Lobo RA. Presence of immunoreactive beta-endorphin and calcitonin in human seminal plasma, and their relation to sperm physiology. Fertil Steril. 1989 May; 51(5):878-80. PMID: 2523323.
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    194. Paulson RJ, Do YS, Hsueh WA, Eggena P, Lobo RA. Ovarian renin production in vitro and in vivo: characterization and clinical correlation. Fertil Steril. 1989 Apr; 51(4):634-8. PMID: 2647527.
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    195. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Triplet pregnancy following oocyte donation to a functionally agonadal woman. Fertil Steril. 1989 Mar; 51(3):520-2. PMID: 2920852.
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    196. Fossum GT, Davidson A, Paulson RJ. Ovarian hyperstimulation inhibits embryo implantation in the mouse. J In Vitro Fert Embryo Transf. 1989 Feb; 6(1):7-10. PMID: 2708878.
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    197. Sauer MV, Paulson RJ. Pregnancy following oocyte donation and in vitro fertilization after failed attempts at donor uterine lavage. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1989; 28(3):163-4. PMID: 2509306.
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    198. Sauer MV, Anderson RE, Paulson RJ. A trial of superovulation in ovum donors undergoing uterine lavage. Fertil Steril. 1989 Jan; 51(1):131-4. PMID: 2491991.
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    199. Paulson RJ, Do YS, Hsueh WA, Lobo RA. Gradients of prorenin and active renin in ovarian venous and peripheral venous blood samples obtained simultaneously. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Dec; 159(6):1575-9. PMID: 3061303.
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    200. Paulson RJ, Lobo RA. Ovarian hyperstimulation complicating the clinical presentation of a pre-existing ectopic pregnancy. Fertil Steril. 1988 Oct; 50(4):670-1. PMID: 2458974.
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    201. Davidson A, Vermesh M, Lobo RA, Paulson RJ. The temporal effects of changes in in vitro fertilization culture media on the one-cell mouse embryo system. J In Vitro Fert Embryo Transf. 1988 Jun; 5(3):149-52. PMID: 3171323.
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    202. Paulson RJ, Lobo RA, Stein A, Toker R, Moegle A, Macaso T. Gestation of triplets after intrauterine implantation of two embryos. N Engl J Med. 1988 May 19; 318(20):1339-40. PMID: 3362193.
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    203. Do YS, Sherrod A, Lobo RA, Paulson RJ, Shinagawa T, Chen SW, Kjos S, Hsueh WA. Human ovarian theca cells are a source of renin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Mar; 85(6):1957-61. PMID: 3279422.
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    204. Davidson A, Vermesh M, Lobo RA, Paulson RJ. Mouse embryo culture as quality control for human in vitro fertilization: the one-cell versus the two-cell model. Fertil Steril. 1988 Mar; 49(3):516-21. PMID: 3125070.
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    205. Paulson R, Shanfeld J, Sachs L, Ismail M, Paulson J. Effect of smokeless tobacco on the development of the CD-1 mouse fetus. Teratog Carcinog Mutagen. 1988; 8(2):81-93. PMID: 2899919.
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