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George J. Salem, BS, MS, PhD

Title(s)Associate Professor
AddressCHP 155
Health Sciences Campus
Los Angeles CA 90089-9006
Phone+1 323 442 3113
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    Dr. Salem is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy and Co-Director of the Musculoskeletal Biomechanics Research Laboratory (MBRL). Within MBRL, he directs the Exercise and Aging Biomechanics research program. This program recognizes the growing importance of exercise and activity interventions in improving health and life-quality across the lifespan. Investigations are designed to: 1) quantify the musculoskeletal loading and neuromuscular recruitment patterns associated with functional activities and exercise; 2) examine the influence of exercise prescription on muscle dynamics, tissue adaptation, neural control, and physical performance; and 3) examine the feasibility, efficacy, and mechanisms-of-action associated with the integration of complementary and alternative modalities (CAM) (e.g. yoga, meditation, guided imagery) with traditional rehabilitation therapy. Study participants include children, younger & older adults, elite athletes, and patients with neurological disease.

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    Safe &Effective Yoga Prescription for Older Adults: Biomechanical Considerations
    NIH/NCCIH R01AT004869Jul 1, 2009 - Jun 30, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PRESERVING PHYSICAL FUNCTION: BIOMECHANICAL ASPECTS
    NIH/NIA R21AG019320Aug 1, 2001 - Jul 31, 2003
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Effect of High Intensity Interval Training on Matrix Metalloproteinases in Women with Breast Cancer Receiving Anthracycline-Based Chemotherapy. Sci Rep. 2020 Apr 03; 10(1):5839. Lee K, Kang I, Mack WJ, Mortimer J, Sattler F, Salem G, Dieli-Conwright CM. PMID: 32246106.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Mindfulness Training by Telephone Before and After Orthopedic Surgery: A Feasibility Study. J Altern Complement Med. 2020 Mar; 26(3):249-251. Lam CN, Silke O, Itamura J, Salem G, Black DS. PMID: 31971814.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Feasibility of high intensity interval training in patients with breast Cancer undergoing anthracycline chemotherapy: a randomized pilot trial. BMC Cancer. 2019 Jul 03; 19(1):653. Lee K, Kang I, Mack WJ, Mortimer J, Sattler F, Salem G, Dieli-Conwright CM. PMID: 31269914.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Effects of high-intensity interval training on vascular endothelial function and vascular wall thickness in breast cancer patients receiving anthracycline-based chemotherapy: a randomized pilot study. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2019 Sep; 177(2):477-485. Lee K, Kang I, Mack WJ, Mortimer J, Sattler F, Salem G, Lu J, Dieli-Conwright CM. PMID: 31236810.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Standing task difficulty related increase in agonist-agonist and agonist-antagonist common inputs are driven by corticospinal and subcortical inputs respectively. Sci Rep. 2019 02 21; 9(1):2439. Nandi T, Hortobágyi T, van Keeken HG, Salem GJ, Lamoth CJC. PMID: 30792452.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    6. In Standing, Corticospinal Excitability Is Proportional to COP Velocity Whereas M1 Excitability Is Participant-Specific. Front Hum Neurosci. 2018; 12:303. Nandi T, Lamoth CJC, van Keeken HG, Bakker LBM, Kok I, Salem GJ, Fisher BE, Hortobágyi T. PMID: 30104968.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    7. Effects of high-intensity interval training on vascular function in breast cancer survivors undergoing anthracycline chemotherapy: design of a pilot study. BMJ Open. 2018 06 30; 8(6):e022622. Lee K, Kang I, Mortimer JE, Sattler F, Mack WJ, Fitzsimons LA, Salem G, Dieli-Conwright CM. PMID: 29961039.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    8. Increasing mediolateral standing sway is associated with increasing corticospinal excitability, and decreasing M1 inhibition and facilitation. Gait Posture. 2018 02; 60:135-140. Nandi T, Fisher BE, Hortobágyi T, Salem GJ. PMID: 29202358.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. A pilot randomised controlled trial of a periodised resistance training and protein supplementation intervention in prostate cancer survivors on androgen deprivation therapy. BMJ Open. 2017 Jul 10; 7(7):e016910. Kiwata JL, Dorff TB, Todd Schroeder E, Salem GJ, Lane CJ, Rice JC, Gross ME, Dieli-Conwright CM. PMID: 28698349.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Lower-limb dynamics and clinical outcomes for habitually shod runners who transition to barefoot running. Phys Ther Sport. 2018 Jan; 29:93-100. Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Sigward S, Azen SP, Salem GJ. PMID: 28325673.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Physical-Performance Outcomes and Biomechanical Correlates from the 32-Week Yoga Empowers Seniors Study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2016; 2016:6921689. Wang MY, Greendale GA, Yu SS, Salem GJ. PMID: 27885329.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    12. The Influence of a Bout of Exertion on Novice Barefoot Running Dynamics. J Sports Sci Med. 2016 Jun; 15(2):327-34. Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Baker L, Salem GJ. PMID: 27274672.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    13. Lower limb dynamics vary in shod runners who acutely transition to barefoot running. J Biomech. 2016 Jan 25; 49(2):284-8. Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Powers CM, Salem GJ. PMID: 26803336.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. The Limiting Joint During a Failed Squat: A Biomechanics Case Series. J Strength Cond Res. 2015 Nov; 29(11):3134-42. Flanagan SP, Kulik JB, Salem GJ. PMID: 25932989.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. The Trojan Lifetime Champions Health Survey: development, validity, and reliability. J Athl Train. 2015 Apr; 50(4):407-18. Sorenson SC, Romano R, Scholefield RM, Schroeder ET, Azen SP, Salem GJ. PMID: 25611315.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Life span exercise among elite intercollegiate student athletes. Sports Health. 2015 Jan; 7(1):80-6. Sorenson SC, Romano R, Azen SP, Schroeder ET, Salem GJ. PMID: 25553217.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    
    17. The association between unilateral heel-rise performance with static and dynamic balance in community dwelling older adults. Geriatr Nurs. 2015 Jan-Feb; 36(1):30-4. Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Wang MY, Yu SS, Salem GJ. PMID: 25457285.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Holistic life-span health outcomes among elite intercollegiate student-athletes. J Athl Train. 2014 Sep-Oct; 49(5):684-95. Sorenson SC, Romano R, Scholefield RM, Martin BE, Gordon JE, Azen SP, Schroeder ET, Salem GJ. PMID: 25117874.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. A comparison of dorsal and heel plate foot tracking methods on lower extremity dynamics. J Biomech. 2014 Mar 21; 47(5):1211-4. Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Salem GJ. PMID: 24556124.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Physical demand profiles of hatha yoga postures performed by older adults. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013; 2013:165763. Salem GJ, Yu SS, Wang MY, Samarawickrame S, Hashish R, Azen SP, Greendale GA. PMID: 24282431.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    21. Treadmill exercise elevates striatal dopamine D2 receptor binding potential in patients with early Parkinson's disease. Neuroreport. 2013 Jul 10; 24(10):509-14. Fisher BE, Li Q, Nacca A, Salem GJ, Song J, Yip J, Hui JS, Jakowec MW, Petzinger GM. PMID: 23636255.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. The biomechanical demands of standing yoga poses in seniors: The Yoga empowers seniors study (YESS). BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Jan 09; 13:8. Wang MY, Yu SS, Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Kazadi L, Greendale GA, Salem G. PMID: 23302513.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    23. The physical demands of the tree (vriksasana) and one-leg balance (utthita hasta padangusthasana) poses performed by seniors: a biomechanical examination. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012; 2012:971896. Yu SS, Wang MY, Samarawickrame S, Hashish R, Kazadi L, Greendale GA, Salem GJ. PMID: 22973410.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    24. Yoga Improves Upper-Extremity Function and Scapular Posturing in Persons with Hyperkyphosis. J Yoga Phys Ther. 2012 Jun 01; 2(3):117. Wang MY, Greendale GA, Kazadi L, Salem GJ. PMID: 24678442.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    25. Potentiation of vertical jump performance during a snatch pull exercise session. J Appl Biomech. 2012 Dec; 28(6):627-35. Chiu LZ, Salem GJ. PMID: 22695032.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Yoga Empowers Seniors Study (YESS): Design and Asana Series. J Yoga Phys Ther. 2012 Feb 27; 2(1). Greendale GA, Kazadi L, Mazdyasni S, Ramirez E, Wang MY, Yu SS, Salem G. PMID: 23641315.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    27. Altered Dynamic Postural Control during Step Turning in Persons with Early-Stage Parkinson's Disease. Parkinsons Dis. 2012; 2012:386962. Song J, Sigward S, Fisher B, Salem GJ. PMID: 22518349.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    28. Pelvic kinematic method for determining vertical jump height. J Appl Biomech. 2010 Nov; 26(4):508-11. Chiu LZ, Salem GJ. PMID: 21245511.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Knee extensor dynamics in the volleyball approach jump: the influence of patellar tendinopathy. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2010 Sep; 40(9):568-76. Sorenson SC, Arya S, Souza RB, Pollard CD, Salem GJ, Kulig K. PMID: 20508329.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Patellar tendinopathy alters the distribution of lower extremity net joint moments during hopping. J Appl Biomech. 2010 Aug; 26(3):249-55. Souza RB, Arya S, Pollard CD, Salem G, Kulig K. PMID: 20841615.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Time series analysis: evaluating performance trends within resistance exercise sessions. J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Jan; 24(1):230-4. Chiu LZ, Salem GJ. PMID: 19996783.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009 Jul; 41(7):1510-30. Chodzko-Zajko WJ, Proctor DN, Fiatarone Singh MA, Minson CT, Nigg CR, Salem GJ, Skinner JS. PMID: 19516148.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 534     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. The relationships between the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale and lower extremity functional performance in persons with early-stage Parkinson's disease. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2009 Sep; 23(7):657-61. Song J, Fisher BE, Petzinger G, Wu A, Gordon J, Salem GJ. PMID: 19336530.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. The effect of exercise training in improving motor performance and corticomotor excitability in people with early Parkinson's disease. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Jul; 89(7):1221-9. Fisher BE, Wu AD, Salem GJ, Song J, Lin CH, Yip J, Cen S, Gordon J, Jakowec M, Petzinger G. PMID: 18534554.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 81     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. The influence of deformation on barbell mechanics during the clean pull. Sports Biomech. 2008 May; 7(2):260-73. Chiu LZ, Schilling BK, Fry AC, Salem GJ. PMID: 18610777.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Lower extremity joint kinetic responses to external resistance variations. J Appl Biomech. 2008 Feb; 24(1):58-68. Flanagan SP, Salem GJ. PMID: 18309184.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Bilateral differences in the net joint torques during the squat exercise. J Strength Cond Res. 2007 Nov; 21(4):1220-6. Flanagan SP, Salem GJ. PMID: 18076249.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Psychological aspects of orthognathic surgery and its effect on quality of life in Egyptian patients. East Mediterr Health J. 2007 Jan-Feb; 13(1):150-9. Sadek H, Salem G. PMID: 17546917.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Comparison of joint kinetics during free weight and flywheel resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res. 2006 Aug; 20(3):555-62. Chiu LZ, Salem GJ. PMID: 16937968.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Effects of resistance training on insulin sensitivity in overweight Latino adolescent males. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Jul; 38(7):1208-15. Shaibi GQ, Cruz ML, Ball GD, Weigensberg MJ, Salem GJ, Crespo NC, Goran MI. PMID: 16826016.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 65     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Relationships among body weight, joint moments generated during functional activities, and hip bone mass in older adults. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2006 Aug; 21(7):717-25. Wang MY, Flanagan SP, Song JE, Greendale GA, Salem GJ. PMID: 16631283.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    42. Cardiovascular fitness and physical activity in children with and without impaired glucose tolerance. Int J Obes (Lond). 2006 Jan; 30(1):45-9. Shaibi GQ, Ball GD, Cruz ML, Weigensberg MJ, Salem GJ, Goran MI. PMID: 16344846.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Cardiovascular fitness and the metabolic syndrome in overweight latino youths. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Jun; 37(6):922-8. Shaibi GQ, Cruz ML, Ball GD, Weigensberg MJ, Kobaissi HA, Salem GJ, Goran MI. PMID: 15947715.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Biomechanics of the heel-raise exercise. J Aging Phys Act. 2005 Apr; 13(2):160-71. Flanagan SP, Song JE, Wang MY, Greendale GA, Azen SP, Salem GJ. PMID: 15995262.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    45. Biomechanical attributes of lunging activities for older adults. J Strength Cond Res. 2004 Aug; 18(3):599-605. Flanagan SP, Wang MY, Greendale GA, Azen SP, Salem GJ. PMID: 15320687.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    46. The relations among upper-extremity loading characteristics and bone mineral density changes in young women. Bone. 2004 Jun; 34(6):1053-63. Wang MY, Salem GJ. PMID: 15193553.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    47. Bilateral kinematic and kinetic analysis of the squat exercise after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Aug; 84(8):1211-6. Salem GJ, Salinas R, Harding FV. PMID: 12917862.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Blood lead concentrations in 1-3 year old Lebanese children: a cross-sectional study. Environ Health. 2003 Apr 15; 2(1):5. Nuwayhid I, Nabulsi M, Muwakkit S, Kouzi S, Salem G, Mikati M, Ariss M. PMID: 12780938.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    49. Squatting exercises in older adults: kinematic and kinetic comparisons. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Apr; 35(4):635-43. Flanagan S, Salem GJ, Wang MY, Sanker SE, Greendale GA. PMID: 12673148.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    50. Lower-extremity biomechanics during forward and lateral stepping activities in older adults. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2003 Mar; 18(3):214-21. Wang MY, Flanagan S, Song JE, Greendale GA, Salem GJ. PMID: 12620784.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    51. Patellofemoral joint kinetics while squatting with and without an external load. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2002 Apr; 32(4):141-8. Wallace DA, Salem GJ, Salinas R, Powers CM. PMID: 11949662.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Patellofemoral joint kinetics during squatting in collegiate women athletes. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2001 Jun; 16(5):424-30. Salem GJ, Powers CM. PMID: 11390050.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Knee strength and lower- and higher-intensity functional performance in older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000 Oct; 32(10):1679-84. Salem GJ, Wang MY, Young JT, Marion M, Greendale GA. PMID: 11039637.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. A randomized trial of weighted vest use in ambulatory older adults: strength, performance, and quality of life outcomes. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 Mar; 48(3):305-11. Greendale GA, Salem GJ, Young JT, Damesyn M, Marion M, Wang MY, Reuben DB. PMID: 10733058.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    55. Adaptations of immature trabecular bone to exercise and augmented dietary protein. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995 Nov; 27(11):1486-93. Zernicke RF, Salem GJ, Barnard RJ, Woodward JS, Meduski JW, Meduski JD. PMID: 8587484.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    56. Long-term, high-fat-sucrose diet alters rat femoral neck and vertebral morphology, bone mineral content, and mechanical properties. Bone. 1995 Jan; 16(1):25-31. Zernicke RF, Salem GJ, Barnard RJ, Schramm E. PMID: 7742079.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    57. Adaptations of immature trabecular bone to moderate exercise: geometrical, biochemical, and biomechanical correlates. Bone. 1993 Jul-Aug; 14(4):647-54. Salem GJ, Zernicke RF, Martinez DA, Vailas AC. PMID: 8274308.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    58. Arterial hypertension in urban Africa: an epidemiological study on a representative sample of Dakar inhabitants in Senegal. J Hypertens. 1992 Sep; 10(9):1095-101. Astagneau P, Lang T, Delarocque E, Jeannee E, Salem G. PMID: 1328370.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Diet-related changes in mechanical properties of rat vertebrae. Am J Physiol. 1992 Feb; 262(2 Pt 2):R318-21. Salem GJ, Zernicke RF, Barnard RJ. PMID: 1539741.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    60. Structural and mechanical adaptations of immature trabecular bone to strenuous exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1990 Oct; 69(4):1309-14. Hou JC, Salem GJ, Zernicke RF, Barnard RJ. PMID: 2262448.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    61. Spaceflight effects on biomechanical and biochemical properties of rat vertebrae. Am J Physiol. 1990 Jun; 258(6 Pt 2):R1327-32. Zernicke RF, Vailas AC, Grindeland RE, Kaplansky A, Salem GJ, Martinez DA. PMID: 2360684.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    62. Oral lichen planus among 4277 patients from Gizan, Saudi Arabia. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1989 Dec; 17(6):322-4. Salem G. PMID: 2591187.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Biomechanical and biochemical changes in lumbar vertebrae of rapidly growing rats. Am J Physiol. 1989 Jan; 256(1 Pt 2):R259-63. Salem GJ, Zernicke RF, Vailas AC, Martinez DA. PMID: 2912219.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
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