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    Michael E. Selsted, MD, PhD

    TitleChair and Professor of Pathology
    SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
    DepartmentPathology
    AddressHMR 204
    Health Sciences Campus
    Los Angeles California 90089-9092
    Phone+1 323 442 1180
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      Dr. Selsted is an internationally renowned scholar in the field of innate immunity and pathogenesis whose research discoveries have resulted in more than 20 U.S. patents. In addition to his pioneering research and clinical science, Dr. Selsted is a prolific author and experienced administrator. Under his leadership, National Institutes of Health and total research funding at the University of California, Irvine Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine increased more than four-fold to $6.6 million.


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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Beringer PM, Bensman TJ, Ho H, Agnello M, Denovel N, Nguyen A, Wong-Beringer A, She R, Tran DQ, Moskowitz SM, Selsted M. Rhesus ?-defensin-1 (RTD-1) exhibits in vitro and in vivo activity against cystic fibrosis strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016 Jan; 71(1):181-8. PMID: 26433781.
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      2. Tongaonkar P, Trinh KK, Schaal JB, Tran D, Gulko PS, Ouellette AJ, Selsted M. Rhesus macaque ?-defensin RTD-1 inhibits proinflammatory cytokine secretion and gene expression by inhibiting the activation of NF-?B and MAPK pathways. J Leukoc Biol. 2015 Dec; 98(6):1061-70. PMID: 26269197.
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      3. Oh YT, Tran D, Buchanan TA, Selsted M, Youn JH. The theta-defensin RTD-1 improves insulin action and normalizes plasma glucose and FFA levels in diet-induced obese rats. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2015 May 19; ajpendo.00131.2015. PMID: 25991648.
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      4. Tai KP, Le VV, Selsted M, Ouellette AJ. Hydrophobic Determinants of a-Defensin Bactericidal Activity. Infect Immun. 2014 Jun; 82(6):2195-202. PMID: 24614658.
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      5. Wilmes M, Stockem M, Bierbaum G, Schlag M, Götz F, Tran DQ, Schaal JB, Ouellette AJ, Selsted M, Sahl HG. Killing of staphylococci by ?-defensins involves membrane impairment and activation of autolytic enzymes. Antibiotics (Basel). 2014; 3(4):617-31. PMID: 25632351.
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      6. Mastroianni JR, Lu W, Selsted M, Ouellette AJ. Differential Susceptibility of Bacteria to Mouse Paneth Cell a-Defensins under Anaerobic Conditions. Antibiotics (Basel). 2014; 3(4):493-508. PMID: 25383215.
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      7. Tai KP, Kamdar K, Yamaki J, Le VV, Tran D, Tran P, Selsted M, Ouellette AJ, Wong-Beringer A. Microbicidal effects of a- and ?-defensins against antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Innate Immun. 2015 Jan; 21(1):17-29. PMID: 24345876.
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      8. Arnison PG, Bibb MJ, Bierbaum G, Bowers AA, Bugni TS, Bulaj G, Camarero JA, Campopiano DJ, Challis GL, Clardy J, Cotter PD, Craik DJ, Dawson M, Dittmann E, Donadio S, Dorrestein PC, Entian KD, Fischbach MA, Garavelli JS, Göransson U, Gruber CW, Haft DH, Hemscheidt TK, Hertweck C, Hill C, Horswill AR, Jaspars M, Kelly WL, Klinman JP, Kuipers OP, Link AJ, Liu W, Marahiel MA, Mitchell DA, Moll GN, Moore BS, Müller R, Nair SK, Nes IF, Norris GE, Olivera BM, Onaka H, Patchett ML, Piel J, Reaney MJ, Rebuffat S, Ross RP, Sahl HG, Schmidt EW, Selsted M, Severinov K, Shen B, Sivonen K, Smith L, Stein T, Süssmuth RD, Tagg JR, Tang GL, Truman AW, Vederas JC, Walsh CT, Walton JD, Wenzel SC, Willey JM, van der Donk WA. Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide natural products: overview and recommendations for a universal nomenclature. Nat Prod Rep. 2013 Jan; 30(1):108-60. PMID: 23165928.
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      9. Schaal JB, Tran D, Tran P, Ösapay G, Trinh K, Roberts KD, Brasky KM, Tongaonkar P, Ouellette AJ, Selsted M. Rhesus macaque theta defensins suppress inflammatory cytokines and enhance survival in mouse models of bacteremic sepsis. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e51337. PMID: 23236475.
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      10. Ouellette AJ, Selsted M. Immunology. HD6 defensin nanonets. Science. 2012 Jul 27; 337(6093):420-1. PMID: 22837514.
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      11. Lehrer RI, Cole AM, Selsted M. ?-Defensins: Cyclic Peptides with Endless Potential. J Biol Chem. 2012 Aug 3; 287(32):27014-9. PMID: 22700960.
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      12. Tongaonkar P, Golji AE, Tran P, Ouellette AJ, Selsted M. High Fidelity Processing and Activation of the Human a-Defensin HNP1 Precursor by Neutrophil Elastase and Proteinase 3. PLoS One. 2012; 7(3):e32469. PMID: 22448222.
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      13. Rapireddy S, Nhon L, Meehan RE, Franks J, Stolz DB, Tran D, Selsted M, Ly DH. RTD-1Mimic Containing ?PNA Scaffold Exhibits Broad-Spectrum Antibacterial Activities. J Am Chem Soc. 2012 Mar 7; 134(9):4041-4. PMID: 22332599.
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      14. Mastroianni JR, Costales JK, Zaksheske J, Selsted M, Salzman NH, Ouellette AJ. Alternative Luminal Activation Mechanisms for Paneth Cell a-Defensins. J Biol Chem. 2012 Mar 30; 287(14):11205-12. PMID: 22334698.
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      15. Mohimani H, Liu WT, Mylne JS, Poth AG, Colgrave ML, Tran D, Selsted M, Dorrestein PC, Pevzner PA. Cycloquest: identification of cyclopeptides via database search of their mass spectra against genome databases. J Proteome Res. 2011 Oct 7; 10(10):4505-12. PMID: 21851130.
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      16. Schmidt NW, Mishra A, Lai GH, Davis M, Sanders LK, Tran D, Garcia A, Tai KP, McCray PB, Ouellette AJ, Selsted M, Wong GC. Criterion for amino acid composition of defensins and antimicrobial peptides based on geometry of membrane destabilization. J Am Chem Soc. 2011 May 4; 133(17):6720-7. PMID: 21473577.
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      17. Tongaonkar P, Tran P, Roberts K, Schaal J, Osapay G, Tran D, Ouellette AJ, Selsted M. Rhesus macaque ?-defensin isoforms: expression, antimicrobial activities, and demonstration of a prominent role in neutrophil granule microbicidal activities. J Leukoc Biol. 2011 Feb; 89(2):283-90. PMID: 21084627.
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      18. Seidel A, Ye Y, de Armas LR, Soto M, Yarosh W, Marcsisin RA, Tran D, Selsted M, Camerini D. Cyclic and acyclic defensins inhibit human immunodeficiency virus type-1 replication by different mechanisms. PLoS One. 2010; 5(3):e9737. PMID: 20305815.
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      19. Wohlford-Lenane CL, Meyerholz DK, Perlman S, Zhou H, Tran D, Selsted M, McCray PB. Rhesus theta-defensin prevents death in a mouse model of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus pulmonary disease. J Virol. 2009 Nov; 83(21):11385-90. PMID: 19710146.
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      20. Tongaonkar P, Selsted M. SDF2L1, a component of the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone complex, differentially interacts with {alpha}-, {beta}-, and {theta}-defensin propeptides. J Biol Chem. 2009 Feb 27; 284(9):5602-9. PMID: 19109254.
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      21. Park N, Yamanaka K, Tran D, Chandrangsu P, Akers JC, de Leon JC, Morrissette NS, Selsted M, Tan M. The cell-penetrating peptide, Pep-1, has activity against intracellular chlamydial growth but not extracellular forms of Chlamydia trachomatis. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2009 Jan; 63(1):115-23. PMID: 18957395.
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      22. Vasudevan S, Yuan J, Osapay G, Tran P, Tai K, Liang W, Kumar V, Selsted M, Cocco MJ. Synthesis, structure, and activities of an oral mucosal alpha-defensin from rhesus macaque. J Biol Chem. 2008 Dec 19; 283(51):35869-77. PMID: 18930922.
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      23. Garcia AE, Osapay G, Tran PA, Yuan J, Selsted M. Isolation, synthesis, and antimicrobial activities of naturally occurring theta-defensin isoforms from baboon leukocytes. Infect Immun. 2008 Dec; 76(12):5883-91. PMID: 18852242.
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      24. Tran D, Tran P, Roberts K, Osapay G, Schaal J, Ouellette A, Selsted M. Microbicidal properties and cytocidal selectivity of rhesus macaque theta defensins. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2008 Mar; 52(3):944-53. PMID: 18160518.
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      25. Selsted M. A pocket guide to explorations of the defensin field. Curr Pharm Des. 2007; 13(30):3061-4. PMID: 17979748.
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      26. Tydell CC, Yuan J, Tran P, Selsted M. Bovine peptidoglycan recognition protein-S: antimicrobial activity, localization, secretion, and binding properties. J Immunol. 2006 Jan 15; 176(2):1154-62. PMID: 16394004.
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      27. Selsted M, Ouellette AJ. Mammalian defensins in the antimicrobial immune response. Nat Immunol. 2005 Jun; 6(6):551-7. PMID: 15908936.
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      28. Selsted M. Theta-defensins: cyclic antimicrobial peptides produced by binary ligation of truncated alpha-defensins. Curr Protein Pept Sci. 2004 Oct; 5(5):365-71. PMID: 15544531.
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      29. Tanabe H, Yuan J, Zaragoza MM, Dandekar S, Henschen-Edman A, Selsted M, Ouellette AJ. Paneth cell alpha-defensins from rhesus macaque small intestine. Infect Immun. 2004 Mar; 72(3):1470-8. PMID: 14977952.
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      30. Tanabe H, Qu X, Weeks CS, Cummings JE, Kolusheva S, Walsh KB, Jelinek R, Vanderlick TK, Selsted M, Ouellette AJ. Structure-activity determinants in paneth cell alpha-defensins: loss-of-function in mouse cryptdin-4 by charge-reversal at arginine residue positions. J Biol Chem. 2004 Mar 19; 279(12):11976-83. PMID: 14702345.
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      31. Yamamoto CM, Banaiee N, Yount NY, Patel B, Selsted M. Alpha-defensin expression during myelopoiesis: identification of cis and trans elements that regulate expression of NP-3 in rat promyelocytes. J Leukoc Biol. 2004 Feb; 75(2):332-41. PMID: 14634060.
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      32. Satchell DP, Sheynis T, Kolusheva S, Cummings J, Vanderlick TK, Jelinek R, Selsted M, Ouellette AJ. Quantitative interactions between cryptdin-4 amino terminal variants and membranes. Peptides. 2003 Nov; 24(11):1795-805. PMID: 15019212.
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      33. Mackewicz CE, Yuan J, Tran P, Diaz L, Mack E, Selsted M, Levy JA. alpha-Defensins can have anti-HIV activity but are not CD8 cell anti-HIV factors. AIDS. 2003 Sep 26; 17(14):F23-32. PMID: 14502030.
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      34. Chong-Cerrillo C, Selsted M, Peterson EM, de la Maza LM. Susceptibility of human and murine Chlamydia trachomatis serovars to granulocyte- and epithelium-derived antimicrobial peptides. J Pept Res. 2003 May; 61(5):237-42. PMID: 12662357.
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      35. Pecota DC, Osapay G, Selsted M, Wood TK. Antimicrobial properties of the Escherichia coli R1 plasmid host killing peptide. J Biotechnol. 2003 Jan 9; 100(1):1-12. PMID: 12413781.
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      36. Tang YQ, Yeaman MR, Selsted M. Antimicrobial peptides from human platelets. Infect Immun. 2002 Dec; 70(12):6524-33. PMID: 12438321.
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      37. Yue G, Merlin D, Selsted M, Lencer WI, Madara JL, Eaton DC. Cryptdin 3 forms anion selective channels in cytoplasmic membranes of human embryonic kidney cells. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2002 May; 282(5):G757-65. PMID: 11960772.
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      38. Tydell CC, Yount N, Tran D, Yuan J, Selsted M. Isolation, characterization, and antimicrobial properties of bovine oligosaccharide-binding protein. A microbicidal granule protein of eosinophils and neutrophils. J Biol Chem. 2002 May 31; 277(22):19658-64. PMID: 11880375.
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      39. Tran D, Tran PA, Tang YQ, Yuan J, Cole T, Selsted M. Homodimeric theta-defensins from rhesus macaque leukocytes: isolation, synthesis, antimicrobial activities, and bacterial binding properties of the cyclic peptides. J Biol Chem. 2002 Feb 1; 277(5):3079-84. PMID: 11675394.
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      40. Merlin D, Yue G, Lencer WI, Selsted M, Madara JL. Cryptdin-3 induces novel apical conductance(s) in Cl- secretory, including cystic fibrosis, epithelia. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2001 Feb; 280(2):C296-302. PMID: 11208524.
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      41. Ouellette AJ, Satchell DP, Hsieh MM, Hagen SJ, Selsted M. Characterization of luminal paneth cell alpha-defensins in mouse small intestine. Attenuated antimicrobial activities of peptides with truncated amino termini. J Biol Chem. 2000 Oct 27; 275(43):33969-73. PMID: 10942762.
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      42. Newman SL, Gootee L, Gabay JE, Selsted M. Identification of constituents of human neutrophil azurophil granules that mediate fungistasis against Histoplasma capsulatum. Infect Immun. 2000 Oct; 68(10):5668-72. PMID: 10992469.
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      43. Ayabe T, Satchell DP, Wilson CL, Parks WC, Selsted M, Ouellette AJ. Secretion of microbicidal alpha-defensins by intestinal Paneth cells in response to bacteria. Nat Immunol. 2000 Aug; 1(2):113-8. PMID: 11248802.
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      44. Osapay K, Tran D, Ladokhin AS, White SH, Henschen AH, Selsted M. Formation and characterization of a single Trp-Trp cross-link in indolicidin that confers protease stability without altering antimicrobial activity. J Biol Chem. 2000 Apr 21; 275(16):12017-22. PMID: 10766833.
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      45. Ouellette AJ, Darmoul D, Tran D, Huttner KM, Yuan J, Selsted M. Peptide localization and gene structure of cryptdin 4, a differentially expressed mouse paneth cell alpha-defensin. Infect Immun. 1999 Dec; 67(12):6643-51. PMID: 10569786.
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      46. Tang YQ, Yuan J, Miller CJ, Selsted M. Isolation, characterization, cDNA cloning, and antimicrobial properties of two distinct subfamilies of alpha-defensins from rhesus macaque leukocytes. Infect Immun. 1999 Nov; 67(11):6139-44. PMID: 10531277.
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      47. Tang YQ, Yuan J, Osapay G, Osapay K, Tran D, Miller CJ, Ouellette AJ, Selsted M. A cyclic antimicrobial peptide produced in primate leukocytes by the ligation of two truncated alpha-defensins. Science. 1999 Oct 15; 286(5439):498-502. PMID: 10521339.
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      48. Ladokhin AS, Selsted M, White SH. CD spectra of indolicidin antimicrobial peptides suggest turns, not polyproline helix. Biochemistry. 1999 Sep 21; 38(38):12313-9. PMID: 10493799.
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      49. Yount NY, Yuan J, Tarver A, Castro T, Diamond G, Tran PA, Levy JN, McCullough C, Cullor JS, Bevins CL, Selsted M. Cloning and expression of bovine neutrophil beta-defensins. Biosynthetic profile during neutrophilic maturation and localization of mature peptide to novel cytoplasmic dense granules. J Biol Chem. 1999 Sep 10; 274(37):26249-58. PMID: 10473579.
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      50. Robinson WE, McDougall B, Tran D, Selsted M. Anti-HIV-1 activity of indolicidin, an antimicrobial peptide from neutrophils. J Leukoc Biol. 1998 Jan; 63(1):94-100. PMID: 9469478.
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      51. Westendorf JJ, Yamamoto CM, Lenny N, Downing JR, Selsted M, Hiebert SW. The t(8;21) fusion product, AML-1-ETO, associates with C/EBP-alpha, inhibits C/EBP-alpha-dependent transcription, and blocks granulocytic differentiation. Mol Cell Biol. 1998 Jan; 18(1):322-33. PMID: 9418879.
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      52. Wang MS, Pang JS, Selsted M. Semidry electroblotting of peptides and proteins from acid-urea polyacrylamide gels. Anal Biochem. 1997 Nov 15; 253(2):225-30. PMID: 9367507.
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      53. Hristova K, Selsted M, White SH. Critical role of lipid composition in membrane permeabilization by rabbit neutrophil defensins. J Biol Chem. 1997 Sep 26; 272(39):24224-33. PMID: 9305875.
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      54. Lencer WI, Cheung G, Strohmeier GR, Currie MG, Ouellette AJ, Selsted M, Madara JL. Induction of epithelial chloride secretion by channel-forming cryptdins 2 and 3. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Aug 5; 94(16):8585-9. PMID: 9238020.
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      55. Yeaman MR, Tang YQ, Shen AJ, Bayer AS, Selsted M. Purification and in vitro activities of rabbit platelet microbicidal proteins. Infect Immun. 1997 Mar; 65(3):1023-31. PMID: 9038312.
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      56. Selsted M. HPLC methods for purification of antimicrobial peptides. Methods Mol Biol. 1997; 78:17-33. PMID: 9276294.
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      57. Darmoul D, Brown D, Selsted M, Ouellette AJ. Cryptdin gene expression in developing mouse small intestine. Am J Physiol. 1997 Jan; 272(1 Pt 1):G197-206. PMID: 9038894.
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      58. Hristova K, Selsted M, White SH. Interactions of monomeric rabbit neutrophil defensins with bilayers: comparison with dimeric human defensin HNP-2. Biochemistry. 1996 Sep 10; 35(36):11888-94. PMID: 8794771.
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      59. Ouellette AJ, Selsted M. Paneth cell defensins: endogenous peptide components of intestinal host defense. FASEB J. 1996 Sep; 10(11):1280-9. PMID: 8836041.
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      60. Selsted M, Tang YQ, Morris WL, McGuire PA, Novotny MJ, Smith W, Henschen AH, Cullor JS. Purification, primary structures, and antibacterial activities of beta-defensins, a new family of antimicrobial peptides from bovine neutrophils. J Biol Chem. 1996 Jul 5; 271(27):16430. PMID: 8690735.
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      61. Yount NY, Wang MS, Yuan J, Banaiee N, Ouellette AJ, Selsted M. Rat neutrophil defensins. Precursor structures and expression during neutrophilic myelopoiesis. J Immunol. 1995 Nov 1; 155(9):4476-84. PMID: 7594610.
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      62. Zimmermann GR, Legault P, Selsted M, Pardi A. Solution structure of bovine neutrophil beta-defensin-12: the peptide fold of the beta-defensins is identical to that of the classical defensins. Biochemistry. 1995 Oct 17; 34(41):13663-71. PMID: 7577957.
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      63. White SH, Wimley WC, Selsted M. Structure, function, and membrane integration of defensins. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 1995 Aug; 5(4):521-7. PMID: 8528769.
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      64. van Abel RJ, Tang YQ, Rao VS, Dobbs CH, Tran D, Barany G, Selsted M. Synthesis and characterization of indolicidin, a tryptophan-rich antimicrobial peptide from bovine neutrophils. Int J Pept Protein Res. 1995 May; 45(5):401-9. PMID: 7591479.
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      65. Selsted M, Ouellette AJ. Defensins in granules of phagocytic and non-phagocytic cells. Trends Cell Biol. 1995 Mar; 5(3):114-9. PMID: 14732166.
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      66. Aley SB, Zimmerman M, Hetsko M, Selsted M, Gillin FD. Killing of Giardia lamblia by cryptdins and cationic neutrophil peptides. Infect Immun. 1994 Dec; 62(12):5397-403. PMID: 7960119.
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      67. Ouellette AJ, Hsieh MM, Nosek MT, Cano-Gauci DF, Huttner KM, Buick RN, Selsted M. Mouse Paneth cell defensins: primary structures and antibacterial activities of numerous cryptdin isoforms. Infect Immun. 1994 Nov; 62(11):5040-7. PMID: 7927786.
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      68. Wimley WC, Selsted M, White SH. Interactions between human defensins and lipid bilayers: evidence for formation of multimeric pores. Protein Sci. 1994 Sep; 3(9):1362-73. PMID: 7833799.
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      69. Skalicky JJ, Selsted M, Pardi A. Structure and dynamics of the neutrophil defensins NP-2, NP-5, and HNP-1: NMR studies of amide hydrogen exchange kinetics. Proteins. 1994 Sep; 20(1):52-67. PMID: 7824523.
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      70. Huttner KM, Selsted M, Ouellette AJ. Structure and diversity of the murine cryptdin gene family. Genomics. 1994 Feb; 19(3):448-53. PMID: 8188287.
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      71. Alcouloumre MS, Ghannoum MA, Ibrahim AS, Selsted M, Edwards JE. Fungicidal properties of defensin NP-1 and activity against Cryptococcus neoformans in vitro. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1993 Dec; 37(12):2628-32. PMID: 8109927.
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      72. Fujii G, Selsted M, Eisenberg D. Defensins promote fusion and lysis of negatively charged membranes. Protein Sci. 1993 Aug; 2(8):1301-12. PMID: 8401215.
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      73. Tang YQ, Selsted M. Characterization of the disulfide motif in BNBD-12, an antimicrobial beta-defensin peptide from bovine neutrophils. J Biol Chem. 1993 Mar 25; 268(9):6649-53. PMID: 8454636.
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      74. Selsted M, Tang YQ, Morris WL, McGuire PA, Novotny MJ, Smith W, Henschen AH, Cullor JS. Purification, primary structures, and antibacterial activities of beta-defensins, a new family of antimicrobial peptides from bovine neutrophils. J Biol Chem. 1993 Mar 25; 268(9):6641-8. PMID: 8454635.
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      75. Selsted M. Investigational approaches for studying the structures and biological functions of myeloid antimicrobial peptides. Genet Eng (N Y). 1993; 15:131-47. PMID: 7763838.
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      76. Zhang XL, Selsted M, Pardi A. NMR studies of defensin antimicrobial peptides. 1. Resonance assignment and secondary structure determination of rabbit NP-2 and human HNP-1. Biochemistry. 1992 Nov 24; 31(46):11348-56. PMID: 1445872.
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      77. Pardi A, Zhang XL, Selsted M, Skalicky JJ, Yip PF. NMR studies of defensin antimicrobial peptides. 2. Three-dimensional structures of rabbit NP-2 and human HNP-1. Biochemistry. 1992 Nov 24; 31(46):11357-64. PMID: 1445873.
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      78. Selsted M, Miller SI, Henschen AH, Ouellette AJ. Enteric defensins: antibiotic peptide components of intestinal host defense. J Cell Biol. 1992 Aug; 118(4):929-36. PMID: 1500431.
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      79. Ouellette AJ, Miller SI, Henschen AH, Selsted M. Purification and primary structure of murine cryptdin-1, a Paneth cell defensin. FEBS Lett. 1992 Jun 15; 304(2-3):146-8. PMID: 1618314.
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      80. Selsted M, Novotny MJ, Morris WL, Tang YQ, Smith W, Cullor JS. Indolicidin, a novel bactericidal tridecapeptide amide from neutrophils. J Biol Chem. 1992 Mar 5; 267(7):4292-5. PMID: 1537821.
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      81. Borenstein LA, Selsted M, Lehrer RI, Miller JN. Antimicrobial activity of rabbit leukocyte defensins against Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum. Infect Immun. 1991 Apr; 59(4):1359-67. PMID: 2004816.
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      82. Hill CP, Yee J, Selsted M, Eisenberg D. Crystal structure of defensin HNP-3, an amphiphilic dimer: mechanisms of membrane permeabilization. Science. 1991 Mar 22; 251(5000):1481-5. PMID: 2006422.
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      83. Lehrer RI, Ganz T, Selsted M. Defensins: endogenous antibiotic peptides of animal cells. Cell. 1991 Jan 25; 64(2):229-30. PMID: 1988144.
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      84. Miyasaki KT, Bodeau AL, Ganz T, Selsted M, Lehrer RI. In vitro sensitivity of oral, gram-negative, facultative bacteria to the bactericidal activity of human neutrophil defensins. Infect Immun. 1990 Dec; 58(12):3934-40. PMID: 2254020.
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      85. Miyasaki KT, Bodeau AL, Selsted M, Ganz T, Lehrer RI. Killing of oral, gram-negative, facultative bacteria by the rabbit defensin, NP-1. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1990 Dec; 5(6):315-9. PMID: 2098709.
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      86. Miller SI, Pulkkinen WS, Selsted M, Mekalanos JJ. Characterization of defensin resistance phenotypes associated with mutations in the phoP virulence regulon of Salmonella typhimurium. Infect Immun. 1990 Nov; 58(11):3706-10. PMID: 2172166.
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      87. Cullor JS, Mannis MJ, Murphy CJ, Smith WL, Selsted M, Reid TW. In vitro antimicrobial activity of defensins against ocular pathogens. Arch Ophthalmol. 1990 Jun; 108(6):861-4. PMID: 2112378.
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      88. Kagan BL, Selsted M, Ganz T, Lehrer RI. Antimicrobial defensin peptides form voltage-dependent ion-permeable channels in planar lipid bilayer membranes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Jan; 87(1):210-4. PMID: 1688654.
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      89. Ganz T, Selsted M, Lehrer RI. Defensins. Eur J Haematol. 1990 Jan; 44(1):1-8. PMID: 2407547.
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      90. Territo MC, Ganz T, Selsted M, Lehrer R. Monocyte-chemotactic activity of defensins from human neutrophils. J Clin Invest. 1989 Dec; 84(6):2017-20. PMID: 2592571.
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      91. Lehrer RI, Barton A, Daher KA, Harwig SS, Ganz T, Selsted M. Interaction of human defensins with Escherichia coli. Mechanism of bactericidal activity. J Clin Invest. 1989 Aug; 84(2):553-61. PMID: 2668334.
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      92. Eisenhauer PB, Harwig SS, Szklarek D, Ganz T, Selsted M, Lehrer RI. Purification and antimicrobial properties of three defensins from rat neutrophils. Infect Immun. 1989 Jul; 57(7):2021-7. PMID: 2543629.
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      93. Tobler A, Selsted M, Miller CW, Johnson KR, Novotny MJ, Rovera G, Koeffler HP. Evidence for a pretranslational defect in hereditary and acquired myeloperoxidase deficiency. Blood. 1989 May 15; 73(7):1980-6. PMID: 2540860.
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      94. Selsted M, Harwig SS. Determination of the disulfide array in the human defensin HNP-2. A covalently cyclized peptide. J Biol Chem. 1989 Mar 5; 264(7):4003-7. PMID: 2917986.
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      95. Lehrer RI, Ganz T, Selsted M, Babior BM, Curnutte JT. Neutrophils and host defense. Ann Intern Med. 1988 Jul 15; 109(2):127-42. PMID: 3289431.
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      96. Pardi A, Hare DR, Selsted M, Morrison RD, Bassolino DA, Bach AC. Solution structures of the rabbit neutrophil defensin NP-5. J Mol Biol. 1988 Jun 5; 201(3):625-36. PMID: 2843652.
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      97. Lichtenstein AK, Ganz T, Selsted M, Lehrer RI. Synergistic cytolysis mediated by hydrogen peroxide combined with peptide defensins. Cell Immunol. 1988 Jun; 114(1):104-16. PMID: 2836069.
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      98. Lehrer RI, Ganz T, Szklarek D, Selsted M. Modulation of the in vitro candidacidal activity of human neutrophil defensins by target cell metabolism and divalent cations. J Clin Invest. 1988 Jun; 81(6):1829-35. PMID: 3290255.
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      99. Stanfield RL, Westbrook EM, Selsted M. Characterization of two crystal forms of human defensin neutrophil cationic peptide 1, a naturally occurring antimicrobial peptide of leukocytes. J Biol Chem. 1988 Apr 25; 263(12):5933-5. PMID: 3356711.
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      100. Lichtenstein AK, Ganz T, Nguyen TM, Selsted M, Lehrer RI. Mechanism of target cytolysis by peptide defensins. Target cell metabolic activities, possibly involving endocytosis, are crucial for expression of cytotoxicity. J Immunol. 1988 Apr 15; 140(8):2686-94. PMID: 3162745.
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      101. Lehrer RI, Ganz T, Selsted M. Oxygen-independent bactericidal systems. Mechanisms and disorders. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 1988 Mar; 2(1):159-69. PMID: 3279018.
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      102. Charp PA, Rice WG, Raynor RL, Reimund E, Kinkade JM, Ganz T, Selsted M, Lehrer RI, Kuo JF. Inhibition of protein kinase C by defensins, antibiotic peptides from human neutrophils. Biochem Pharmacol. 1988 Mar 1; 37(5):951-6. PMID: 3345204.
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      103. Rice WG, Ganz T, Kinkade JM, Selsted M, Lehrer RI, Parmley RT. Defensin-rich dense granules of human neutrophils. Blood. 1987 Sep; 70(3):757-65. PMID: 3040155.
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      104. Selsted M, Harwig SS. Purification, primary structure, and antimicrobial activities of a guinea pig neutrophil defensin. Infect Immun. 1987 Sep; 55(9):2281-6. PMID: 3623703.
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      105. Daher KA, Selsted M, Lehrer RI. Direct inactivation of viruses by human granulocyte defensins. J Virol. 1986 Dec; 60(3):1068-74. PMID: 3023659.
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      106. Lichtenstein A, Ganz T, Selsted M, Lehrer RI. In vitro tumor cell cytolysis mediated by peptide defensins of human and rabbit granulocytes. Blood. 1986 Dec; 68(6):1407-10. PMID: 3779104.
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      107. Levitz SM, Selsted M, Ganz T, Lehrer RI, Diamond RD. In vitro killing of spores and hyphae of Aspergillus fumigatus and Rhizopus oryzae by rabbit neutrophil cationic peptides and bronchoalveolar macrophages. J Infect Dis. 1986 Sep; 154(3):483-9. PMID: 3525696.
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      108. Lehrer RI, Szklarek D, Ganz T, Selsted M. Synergistic activity of rabbit granulocyte peptides against Candida albicans. Infect Immun. 1986 Jun; 52(3):902-4. PMID: 3519465.
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      109. Ganz T, Selsted M, Lehrer RI. Antimicrobial activity of phagocyte granule proteins. Semin Respir Infect. 1986 Jun; 1(2):107-17. PMID: 3317602.
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      110. Selsted M, Harwig SS, Ganz T, Schilling JW, Lehrer RI. Primary structures of three human neutrophil defensins. J Clin Invest. 1985 Oct; 76(4):1436-9. PMID: 4056036.
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      111. Ganz T, Selsted M, Szklarek D, Harwig SS, Daher K, Bainton DF, Lehrer RI. Defensins. Natural peptide antibiotics of human neutrophils. J Clin Invest. 1985 Oct; 76(4):1427-35. PMID: 2997278.
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      112. Ganz T, Sherman MP, Selsted M, Lehrer RI. Newborn rabbit alveolar macrophages are deficient in two microbicidal cationic peptides, MCP-1 and MCP-2. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1985 Oct; 132(4):901-4. PMID: 4051325.
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      113. Lehrer RI, Szklarek D, Ganz T, Selsted M. Correlation of binding of rabbit granulocyte peptides to Candida albicans with candidacidal activity. Infect Immun. 1985 Jul; 49(1):207-11. PMID: 3891625.
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      114. Selsted M, Szklarek D, Ganz T, Lehrer RI. Activity of rabbit leukocyte peptides against Candida albicans. Infect Immun. 1985 Jul; 49(1):202-6. PMID: 3891624.
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      115. Lehrer RI, Daher K, Ganz T, Selsted M. Direct inactivation of viruses by MCP-1 and MCP-2, natural peptide antibiotics from rabbit leukocytes. J Virol. 1985 May; 54(2):467-72. PMID: 2985808.
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      116. Fleischmann J, Selsted M, Lehrer RI. Opsonic activity of MCP-1 and MCP-2, cationic peptides from rabbit alveolar macrophages. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1985 May; 3(3):233-42. PMID: 3888509.
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      117. Segal GP, Lehrer RI, Selsted M. In vitro effect of phagocyte cationic peptides on Coccidioides immitis. J Infect Dis. 1985 May; 151(5):890-4. PMID: 3989323.
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      118. Selsted M, Brown DM, DeLange RJ, Harwig SS, Lehrer RI. Primary structures of six antimicrobial peptides of rabbit peritoneal neutrophils. J Biol Chem. 1985 Apr 25; 260(8):4579-84. PMID: 3988726.
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      119. Sorrell TC, Lehrer RI, Ferrari LG, Müller M, Selsted M. Divergent expression of cytotoxic and microbicidal functions of rabbit alveolar and peritoneal macrophages: effects of non-specific activation and a natural microbicidal peptide, MCP-1. Aust J Exp Biol Med Sci. 1985 Feb; 63 ( Pt 1):53-63. PMID: 3893405.
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      120. Westbrook EM, Lehrer RI, Selsted M. Characterization of two crystal forms of neutrophil cationic protein NP2, a naturally occurring broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent from leukocytes. J Mol Biol. 1984 Sep 25; 178(3):783-5. PMID: 6492164.
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      121. Selsted M, Szklarek D, Lehrer RI. Purification and antibacterial activity of antimicrobial peptides of rabbit granulocytes. Infect Immun. 1984 Jul; 45(1):150-4. PMID: 6735465.
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      122. Selsted M, Brown DM, DeLange RJ, Lehrer RI. Primary structures of MCP-1 and MCP-2, natural peptide antibiotics of rabbit lung macrophages. J Biol Chem. 1983 Dec 10; 258(23):14485-9. PMID: 6643497.
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      123. Lehrer RI, Selsted M, Szklarek D, Fleischmann J. Antibacterial activity of microbicidal cationic proteins 1 and 2, natural peptide antibiotics of rabbit lung macrophages. Infect Immun. 1983 Oct; 42(1):10-4. PMID: 6413408.
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      124. Lehrer RI, Szklarek D, Selsted M, Fleischmann J. Increased content of microbicidal cationic peptides in rabbit alveolar macrophages elicited by complete Freund adjuvant. Infect Immun. 1981 Sep; 33(3):775-8. PMID: 7287180.
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