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    Jason N. Doctor, PhD

    TitleAssociate Professor
    SchoolSchool of Pharmacy
    DepartmentPharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
    Address635 Downey Way, VPD 210
    Off Campus
    Los Angeles California 90089
    Phone+1 213 821 8142
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      Dr. Doctor is an Associate Professor in the School of Pharmacy and Faculty at the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics at the University of Southern California. His research program centers on decision-making in healthcare. Dr. Doctor specializes in applying behavioral economic methods within health and medicine and current leads a multi-site federally-funded multi-site cluster randomized clinical trial that evaluates behavioral economic approaches to improve physician adherence to comparatively effective treatments.

      In other federally-funded research, Dr. Doctor has developed Bayesian decision algorithms to identify errors in blood panels to improve patient diagnosis. He also maintains a research program in understanding preferences for health from a behavioral economic perspective. He has extended the quality-adjusted life year (QALY) preference model to accommodate preference for helping others in medical need (social preferences) and has developed mathematical representations in QALY calculations that accommodate cognitive limitations people have in abiding by rational principles in decision making.


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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Gong CL, Hay JW, Meeker D, Doctor J. Prescriber preferences for behavioural economics interventions to improve treatment of acute respiratory infections: a discrete choice experiment. BMJ Open. 2016 Sep 22; 6(9):e012739. PMID: 27660322.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Persell SD, Doctor J, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Friesema E, Cooper A, Haryani A, Gregory DL, Fox CR, Goldstein NJ, Linder JA. Behavioral interventions to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing: a randomized pilot trial. BMC Infect Dis. 2016; 16(1):373. PMID: 27495917.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Huesch MD, Galstyan A, Ong MK, Doctor J. Using Social Media, Online Social Networks, and Internet Search as Platforms for Public Health Interventions: A Pilot Study. Health Serv Res. 2016 Jun; 51 Suppl 2:1273-90. PMID: 27161093.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Doctor J, Huesch MD, Meeker D. Rethinking the value of survival: clinical trials should measure patient preferences for survival on entry to trials. J Clin Epidemiol. 2016 Sep; 77:137-138. PMID: 27164276.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Pineros DB, Doctor J, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Linder JA. Cognitive reflection and antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections. Fam Pract. 2016 Jun; 33(3):309-11. PMID: 27006411.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Meeker D, Linder JA, Fox CR, Friedberg MW, Persell SD, Goldstein NJ, Knight TK, Hay JW, Doctor J. Effect of Behavioral Interventions on Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing Among Primary Care Practices: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2016 Feb 9; 315(6):562-70. PMID: 26864410.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Meeker D, Thompson C, Strylewicz G, Knight TK, Doctor J. Use of Insurance Against a Small Loss as an Incentive Strategy. Decis Anal. 2015 Sep; 12(3):122-129. PMID: 26966422.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Huesch M, Doctor J. Factors associated with increased cesarean risk among african american women: evidence from california, 2010. Am J Public Health. 2015 May; 105(5):956-62. PMID: 25790391.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Linder JA, Doctor J, Friedberg MW, Reyes Nieva H, Birks C, Meeker D, Fox CR. Time of day and the decision to prescribe antibiotics. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Dec 1; 174(12):2029-31. PMID: 25286067.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Tannenbaum D, Doctor J, Persell SD, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Friesema EM, Goldstein NJ, Linder JA, Fox CR. Nudging physician prescription decisions by partitioning the order set: results of a vignette-based study. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Mar; 30(3):298-304. PMID: 25394536.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Poon JL, Doctor J, Nichol MB. Longitudinal changes in health-related quality of life for chronic diseases: an example in hemophilia a. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Aug; 29 Suppl 3:760-6. PMID: 25029975.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Ohno-Machado L, Agha Z, Bell DS, Dahm L, Day ME, Doctor J, Gabriel D, Kahlon MK, Kim KK, Hogarth M, Matheny ME, Meeker D, Nebeker JR. pSCANNER: patient-centered Scalable National Network for Effectiveness Research. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Jul; 21(4):621-6. PMID: 24780722.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Huesch MD, Currid-Halkett E, Doctor J. Public hospital quality report awareness: evidence from National and Californian Internet searches and social media mentions, 2012. BMJ Open. 2014; 4(3):e004417. PMID: 24618223.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Le QA, Doctor J, Zoellner LA, Feeny NC. Cost-Effectiveness of prolonged exposure therapy versus pharmacotherapy and treatment choice in posttraumatic stress disorder (the optimizing PTSD treatment trial): a doubly randomized preference trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2014 Mar; 75(3):222-30. PMID: 24717377.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Meeker D, Knight TK, Friedberg MW, Linder JA, Goldstein NJ, Fox CR, Rothfeld A, Diaz G, Doctor J. Nudging guideline-concordant antibiotic prescribing: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Mar 1; 174(3):425-31. PMID: 24474434.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Lakdawalla DN, Jena AB, Doctor J. Careful Use of Science to Advance the Debate on the UK Cancer Drugs Fund. JAMA. 2014 Jan 1; 311(1):25-6. PMID: 24381964.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Huesch MD, Currid-Halkett E, Doctor J. Measurement and risk adjustment of prelabor cesarean rates in a large sample of California hospitals. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 May; 210(5):443.e1-443.e17. PMID: 24315861.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Huesch MD, Doctor J. Cesarean delivery on maternal request. JAMA. 2013 Sep 4; 310(9):978. PMID: 24002289.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Persell SD, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Linder JA, Fox CR, Goldstein NJ, Shah PD, Knight TK, Doctor J. Use of behavioral economics and social psychology to improve treatment of acute respiratory infections (BEARI): rationale and design of a cluster randomized controlled trial [1RC4AG039115-01]--study protocol and baseline practice and provider characteristics. BMC Infect Dis. 2013; 13:290. PMID: 23806017.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Le QA, Doctor J, Zoellner LA, Feeny NC. Minimal clinically important differences for the EQ-5D and QWB-SA in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): results from a Doubly Randomized Preference Trial (DRPT). Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2013; 11:59. PMID: 23587015.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Huesch MD, Ong MK, Doctor J. Evaluating other diseases with computed tomographic screening for lung cancer. JAMA. 2013 Feb 20; 309(7):655-6. PMID: 23423404.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Poon JL, Zhou ZY, Doctor J, Wu J, Ullman MM, Ross C, Riske B, Parish KL, Lou M, Koerper MA, Gwadry-Sridhar F, Forsberg AD, Curtis RG, Johnson KA. Quality of life in haemophilia A: Hemophilia Utilization Group Study Va (HUGS-Va). Haemophilia. 2012 Sep; 18(5):699-707. PMID: 22507546.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Suh HS, Hay JW, Johnson KA, Doctor J. Comparative effectiveness of statin plus fibrate combination therapy and statin monotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes: use of propensity-score and instrumental variable methods to adjust for treatment-selection bias. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2012 May; 21(5):470-84. PMID: 22461130.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Hills RA, Baseman JG, Revere D, Boge CL, Oberle MW, Doctor J, Lober WB. Applying the XForms Standard to Public Health Case Reporting and Alerting. Online J Public Health Inform. 2011; 3(2). PMID: 23569609.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Turpcu A, Bleichrodt H, Le QA, Doctor J. How to aggregate health? Separability and the effect of framing. Med Decis Making. 2012 Mar; 32(2):259-65. PMID: 21875951.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Le QA, Doctor J. Probabilistic mapping of descriptive health status responses onto health state utilities using Bayesian networks: an empirical analysis converting SF-12 into EQ-5D utility index in a national US sample. Med Care. 2011 May; 49(5):451-60. PMID: 21422961.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Wolf CF, Gu NY, Doctor J, Manner PA, Leopold SS. Comparison of one and two-stage revision of total hip arthroplasty complicated by infection: a Markov expected-utility decision analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Apr 6; 93(7):631-9. PMID: 21471416.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Doctor J, Zoellner LA, Feeny NC. Predictors of health-related quality-of-life utilities among persons with posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychiatr Serv. 2011 Mar; 62(3):272-7. PMID: 21363898.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Le QA, Strylewicz G, Doctor J. Detecting blood laboratory errors using a Bayesian network: an evaluation on liver enzyme tests. Med Decis Making. 2011 Mar-Apr; 31(2):325-37. PMID: 20729509.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Strylewicz G, Doctor J. Evaluation of an automated method to assist with error detection in the ACCORD central laboratory. Clin Trials. 2010 Aug; 7(4):380-9. PMID: 20571135.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Doctor J, Strylewicz G. Detecting 'wrong blood in tube' errors: Evaluation of a Bayesian network approach. Artif Intell Med. 2010 Oct; 50(2):75-82. PMID: 20566275.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Doctor J, Miyamoto J, Bleichrodt H. When are person tradeoffs valid? J Health Econ. 2009 Sep; 28(5):1018-27. PMID: 19683816.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Smith WP, Doctor J, Meyer J, Kalet IJ, Phillips MH. A decision aid for intensity-modulated radiation-therapy plan selection in prostate cancer based on a prognostic Bayesian network and a Markov model. Artif Intell Med. 2009 Jun; 46(2):119-30. PMID: 19157811.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Sox CM, Doctor J, Koepsell TD, Christakis DA. The influence of types of decision support on physicians' decision making. Arch Dis Child. 2009 Mar; 94(3):185-90. PMID: 19131417.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Gu NY, Wolf C, Leopold S, Manner PA, Doctor J. A comparison of physician and patient time trade-offs for postoperative hip outcomes. Value Health. 2009 Jun; 12(4):618-20. PMID: 18980636.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Doctor J, Bleichrodt H, Lin HJ. Health utility bias: a systematic review and meta-analytic evaluation. Med Decis Making. 2010 Jan-Feb; 30(1):58-67. PMID: 18556637.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Doctor J, Baseman JG, Lober WB, Davies J, Kobayashi J, Karras BT, Fuller S. Time-tradeoff utilities for identifying and evaluating a minimum data set for time-critical biosurveillance. Med Decis Making. 2008 May-Jun; 28(3):351-8. PMID: 18480039.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Kahn JM, Doctor J, Rubenfeld GD. Stress ulcer prophylaxis in mechanically ventilated patients: integrating evidence and judgment using a decision analysis. Intensive Care Med. 2006 Aug; 32(8):1151-8. PMID: 16788804.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Sox CM, Koepsell TD, Doctor J, Christakis DA. Pediatricians' clinical decision making: results of 2 randomized controlled trials of test performance characteristics. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 May; 160(5):487-92. PMID: 16651490.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Doctor J, Miyamoto JM. Person tradeoffs and the problem of risk. Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res. 2005 Dec; 5(6):677-82. PMID: 19807610.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Machamer J, Temkin N, Fraser R, Doctor J, Dikmen S. Stability of employment after traumatic brain injury. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2005 Nov; 11(7):807-16. PMID: 16519260.
        View in: PubMed
      42. Doctor J, Castro J, Temkin NR, Fraser RT, Machamer JE, Dikmen SS. Workers' risk of unemployment after traumatic brain injury: a normed comparison. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2005 Oct; 11(6):747-52. PMID: 16248910.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Bell KR, Temkin NR, Esselman PC, Doctor J, Bombardier CH, Fraser RT, Hoffman JM, Powell JM, Dikmen S. The effect of a scheduled telephone intervention on outcome after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: a randomized trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 May; 86(5):851-6. PMID: 15895327.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Civan A, Doctor J, Wolf FM. What makes a good format: frameworks for evaluating the effect of graphic risk formats on consumers' risk-related behavior. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 927. PMID: 16779213.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Bleichrodt H, Doctor J, Stolk E. A nonparametric elicitation of the equity-efficiency trade-off in cost-utility analysis. J Health Econ. 2005 Jul; 24(4):655-78. PMID: 15960990.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Bell KR, Hoffman JM, Doctor J, Powell JM, Esselman P, Bombardier C, Fraser R, Dikmen S. Development of a telephone follow-up program for individuals following traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2004 Nov-Dec; 19(6):502-12. PMID: 15602312.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Meyer J, Phillips MH, Cho PS, Kalet I, Doctor J. Application of influence diagrams to prostate intensity-modulated radiation therapy plan selection. Phys Med Biol. 2004 May 7; 49(9):1637-53. PMID: 15152921.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Doctor J, Bleichrodt H, Miyamoto J, Temkin NR, Dikmen S. A new and more robust test of QALYs. J Health Econ. 2004 Mar; 23(2):353-67. PMID: 15019761.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Bell KR, Esselman P, Garner MD, Doctor J, Bombardier C, Johnson K, Temkin N, Dikmen S. The use of a World Wide Web-based consultation site to provide support to telephone staff in a traumatic brain injury demonstration project. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2003 Nov-Dec; 18(6):504-11. PMID: 14707880.
        View in: PubMed
      50. Hoffman JM, Doctor J, Chan L, Whyte J, Jha A, Dikmen S. Potential impact of the new medicare prospective payment system on reimbursement for traumatic brain injury inpatient rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Aug; 84(8):1165-72. PMID: 12917856.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Doctor J, Wolfson AM, McKnight P, Burns SP. The effect of inaccurate FIM instrument ratings on prospective payment: a study of clinician expertise and FIM rating difficulty as contributing to inaccuracy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Jan; 84(1):46-50. PMID: 12589619.
        View in: PubMed
      52. Jha A, Patrick DL, MacLehose RF, Doctor J, Chan L. Dissatisfaction with medical services among Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Oct; 83(10):1335-41. PMID: 12370864.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Chan L, Beaver S, Maclehose RF, Jha A, Maciejewski M, Doctor J. Disability and health care costs in the Medicare population. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Sep; 83(9):1196-201. PMID: 12235597.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Chan L, Doctor J, Temkin N, MacLehose RF, Esselman P, Bell K, Dikmen S. Discharge disposition from acute care after traumatic brain injury: the effect of insurance type. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 Sep; 82(9):1151-4. PMID: 11552183.
        View in: PubMed
      55. Dikmen S, Machamer J, Miller B, Doctor J, Temkin N. Functional status examination: a new instrument for assessing outcome in traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma. 2001 Feb; 18(2):127-40. PMID: 11229707.
        View in: PubMed
      56. Wolfson AM, Doctor J, Burns SP. Clinician judgments of functional outcomes: how bias and perceived accuracy affect rating. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2000 Dec; 81(12):1567-74. PMID: 11128891.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Doctor J, Chan L, MacLehose RF, Patrick DL. Weighted health status in the Medicare population: development of the Weighted Health Index for the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (WHIMCBS). J Outcome Meas. 2000-2001; 4(4):721-39. PMID: 11394583.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Chan L, Doctor J, MacLehose RF, Lawson H, Rosenblatt RA, Baldwin LM, Jha A. Do Medicare patients with disabilities receive preventive services? A population-based study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1999 Jun; 80(6):642-6. PMID: 10378489.
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      59. Doctor J. Recovery after treatment and sensitivity to base rate. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1999 Apr; 67(2):219-27. PMID: 10224732.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Piro L, Doctor J. Managed oncology care: the disease management model. Cancer. 1998 May 15; 82(10 Suppl):2068-75. PMID: 9587109.
        View in: PubMed
      61. Williams RA, Pruitt SD, Doctor J, Epping-Jordan JE, Wahlgren DR, Grant I, Patterson TL, Webster JS, Slater MA, Atkinson JH. The contribution of job satisfaction to the transition from acute to chronic low back pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 Apr; 79(4):366-74. PMID: 9552100.
        View in: PubMed
      62. Doctor J, Patterson DR, Mann R. The 1997 Clinical Research Award. Health outcome for burn survivors. J Burn Care Rehabil. 1997 Nov-Dec; 18(6):490-5. PMID: 9404981.
        View in: PubMed
      63. Slater MA, Doctor J, Pruitt SD, Atkinson JH. The clinical significance of behavioral treatment for chronic low back pain: an evaluation of effectiveness. Pain. 1997 Jul; 71(3):257-63. PMID: 9231868.
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      64. Doctor J, Slater MA, Atkinson JH. The Descriptor Differential Scale of Pain Intensity: an evaluation of item and scale properties. Pain. 1995 May; 61(2):251-60. PMID: 7659435.
        View in: PubMed
      65. Klapow JC, Slater MA, Patterson TL, Doctor J, Atkinson JH, Garfin SR. An empirical evaluation of multidimensional clinical outcome in chronic low back pain patients. Pain. 1993 Oct; 55(1):107-18. PMID: 8278203.
        View in: PubMed