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Jason N. Doctor, PhD

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Southern California
DepartmentPublic Policy
Address635 Downey Way, VPD 210
University Park Campus
Los Angeles CA 90089
Phone+1 213 821 8142
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Doctor is an Associate Professor in the School of Pharmacy and Faculty at the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics at the University of Southern California. His research program centers on decision-making in healthcare. Dr. Doctor specializes in applying behavioral economic methods within health and medicine and current leads a multi-site federally-funded multi-site cluster randomized clinical trial that evaluates behavioral economic approaches to improve physician adherence to comparatively effective treatments.

    In other federally-funded research, Dr. Doctor has developed Bayesian decision algorithms to identify errors in blood panels to improve patient diagnosis. He also maintains a research program in understanding preferences for health from a behavioral economic perspective. He has extended the quality-adjusted life year (QALY) preference model to accommodate preference for helping others in medical need (social preferences) and has developed mathematical representations in QALY calculations that accommodate cognitive limitations people have in abiding by rational principles in decision making.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Application of Economics & Social psychology to improve Opioid Prescribing Safety (AESOPS) Trial
    NIH/NIA R21AG057395Sep 15, 2017 - May 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Use of Behavioral Economics to Improve Treatment of Acute Respiratory Infections
    NIH/NIA RC4AG039115Sep 30, 2010 - Aug 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Detecting Errors in Blood Labs Using Bayesian Networks
    NIH/NLM R01LM009157Jun 1, 2007 - May 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    QUALITY OF LIFE AND TREATMENT FOR BRAIN TRAUMA
    NIH/NICHD K01HD001221Sep 1, 1999 - Feb 28, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Collapse In The News

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Darnall BD, Juurlink D, Kerns RD, Mackey S, Van Dorsten B, Humphreys K, Gonzalez-Sotomayor JA, Furlan A, Gordon AJ, Gordon DB, Hoffman DE, Katz J, Kertesz SG, Satel S, Lawhern RA, Nicholson KM, Polomano RC, Williamson OD, McAnally H, Kao MC, Schug S, Twillman R, Lewis TA, Stieg RL, Lorig K, Mallick-Searle T, West RW, Gray S, Ariens SR, Sharpe Potter J, Cowan P, Kollas CD, Laird D, Ingle B, Julian Grove J, Wilson M, Lockman K, Hodson F, Palackdharry CS, Fillingim RB, Fudin J, Barnhouse J, Manhapra A, Henson SR, Singer B, Ljosenvoor M, Griffith M, Doctor JN, Hardin K, London C, Mankowski J, Anderson A, Ellsworth L, Davis Budzinski L, Brandt B, Harkootley G, Nickels Heck D, Zobrosky MJ, Cheek C, Wilson M, Laux CE, Datz G, Dunaway J, Schonfeld E, Cady M, LeDantec-Boswell T, Craigie M, Sturgeon J, Flood P, Giummarra M, Whelan J, Thorn BE, Martin RL, Schatman ME, Gregory MD, Kirz J, Robinson P, Marx JG, Stewart JR, Keck PS, Hadland SE, Murphy JL, Lumley MA, Brown KS, Leong MS, Fillman M, Broatch JW, Perez A, Watford K, Kruska K, Sophia You D, Ogbeide S, Kukucka A, Lawson S, Ray JB, Wade Martin T, Lakehomer JB, Burke A, Cohen RI, Grinspoon P, Rubenstein MS, Sutherland S, Walters K, Lovejoy T. International Stakeholder Community of Pain Experts and Leaders Call for an Urgent Action on Forced Opioid Tapering. Pain Med. 2018 Nov 29. PMID: 30496540.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Doctor JN, Nguyen A, Lev R, Lucas J, Knight T, Zhao H, Menchine M. Opioid prescribing decreases after learning of a patient's fatal overdose. Science. 2018 Aug 10; 361(6402):588-590. PMID: 30093595.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Gong CL, Zangwill KM, Hay JW, Meeker D, Doctor JN. Behavioral Economics Interventions to Improve Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute Respiratory Infections: a Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 May 08. PMID: 29740788.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Le QA, Doctor JN, Zoellner LA, Feeny NC. Effects of treatment, choice, and preference on health-related quality-of-life outcomes in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Qual Life Res. 2018 Jun; 27(6):1555-1562. PMID: 29541927.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Chen F, Jiang X, Wang S, Schilling LM, Meeker D, Ong T, Matheny ME, Doctor JN, Ohno-Machado L, Vaidya J. Perfectly Secure and Efficient Two-Party Electronic-Health-Record Linkage. IEEE Internet Comput. 2018 Mar-Apr; 22(2):32-41. PMID: 29867290.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Linder JA, Meeker D, Fox CR, Friedberg MW, Persell SD, Goldstein NJ, Doctor JN. Effects of Behavioral Interventions on Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing in Primary Care 12 Months After Stopping Interventions. JAMA. 2017 10 10; 318(14):1391-1392. PMID: 29049577.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Doctor J, MacEwan JP. Limitations of traditional health technology assessment methods and implications for the evaluation of novel therapies. Curr Med Res Opin. 2017 Sep; 33(9):1635-1642. PMID: 28756684.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Kalet AM, Doctor JN, Gennari JH, Phillips MH. Developing Bayesian networks from a dependency-layered ontology: A proof-of-concept in radiation oncology. Med Phys. 2017 Aug; 44(8):4350-4359. PMID: 28500765.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Gong CL, Hay JW, Meeker D, Doctor JN. Prescriber preferences for behavioural economics interventions to improve treatment of acute respiratory infections: a discrete choice experiment. BMJ Open. 2016 Sep 22; 6(9):e012739. PMID: 27660322.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Persell SD, Doctor JN, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Friesema E, Cooper A, Haryani A, Gregory DL, Fox CR, Goldstein NJ, Linder JA. Behavioral interventions to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing: a randomized pilot trial. BMC Infect Dis. 2016 08 05; 16:373. PMID: 27495917; PMCID: PMC4975897.
    11. Huesch MD, Galstyan A, Ong MK, Doctor JN. Using Social Media, Online Social Networks, and Internet Search as Platforms for Public Health Interventions: A Pilot Study. Health Serv Res. 2016 06; 51 Suppl 2:1273-90. PMID: 27161093.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Doctor JN, Huesch MD, Meeker D. Rethinking the value of survival: clinical trials should measure patient preferences for survival on entry to trials. J Clin Epidemiol. 2016 Sep; 77:137-138. PMID: 27164276.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Pineros DB, Doctor JN, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Linder JA. Cognitive reflection and antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections. Fam Pract. 2016 06; 33(3):309-11. PMID: 27006411.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Meeker D, Linder JA, Fox CR, Friedberg MW, Persell SD, Goldstein NJ, Knight TK, Hay JW, Doctor JN. Effect of Behavioral Interventions on Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing Among Primary Care Practices: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2016 Feb 09; 315(6):562-70. PMID: 26864410.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Meeker D, Thompson C, Strylewicz G, Knight TK, Doctor JN. Use of Insurance Against a Small Loss as an Incentive Strategy. Decis Anal. 2015 Sep; 12(3):122-129. PMID: 26966422.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Huesch M, Doctor JN. Factors associated with increased cesarean risk among African American women: evidence from California, 2010. Am J Public Health. 2015 May; 105(5):956-62. PMID: 25790391.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Linder JA, Doctor JN, Friedberg MW, Reyes Nieva H, Birks C, Meeker D, Fox CR. Time of day and the decision to prescribe antibiotics. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Dec; 174(12):2029-31. PMID: 25286067; PMCID: PMC4648561.
    18. Tannenbaum D, Doctor JN, Persell SD, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Friesema EM, Goldstein NJ, Linder JA, Fox CR. Nudging physician prescription decisions by partitioning the order set: results of a vignette-based study. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Mar; 30(3):298-304. PMID: 25394536; PMCID: PMC4351289.
    19. Poon JL, Doctor JN, Nichol MB. Longitudinal changes in health-related quality of life for chronic diseases: an example in hemophilia A. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Aug; 29 Suppl 3:S760-6. PMID: 25029975; PMCID: PMC4124124.
    20. Ohno-Machado L, Agha Z, Bell DS, Dahm L, Day ME, Doctor JN, Gabriel D, Kahlon MK, Kim KK, Hogarth M, Matheny ME, Meeker D, Nebeker JR. pSCANNER: patient-centered Scalable National Network for Effectiveness Research. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 Jul-Aug; 21(4):621-6. PMID: 24780722; PMCID: PMC4078293.
    21. Huesch MD, Currid-Halkett E, Doctor JN. Public hospital quality report awareness: evidence from National and Californian Internet searches and social media mentions, 2012. BMJ Open. 2014 Mar 11; 4(3):e004417. PMID: 24618223; PMCID: PMC3963102.
    22. Le QA, Doctor JN, Zoellner LA, Feeny NC. Cost-effectiveness of prolonged exposure therapy versus pharmacotherapy and treatment choice in posttraumatic stress disorder (the Optimizing PTSD Treatment Trial): a doubly randomized preference trial. J Clin Psychiatry. 2014 Mar; 75(3):222-30. PMID: 24717377.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Meeker D, Knight TK, Friedberg MW, Linder JA, Goldstein NJ, Fox CR, Rothfeld A, Diaz G, Doctor JN. Nudging guideline-concordant antibiotic prescribing: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Mar; 174(3):425-31. PMID: 24474434; PMCID: PMC4648560.
    24. Lakdawalla DN, Jena AB, Doctor JN. Careful use of science to advance the debate on the UK Cancer Drugs Fund. JAMA. 2014 Jan 01; 311(1):25-6. PMID: 24381964; PMCID: PMC3887550.
    25. Huesch MD, Currid-Halkett E, Doctor JN. Measurement and risk adjustment of prelabor cesarean rates in a large sample of California hospitals. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 May; 210(5):443.e1-17. PMID: 24315861.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Huesch MD, Doctor JN. Cesarean delivery on maternal request. JAMA. 2013 Sep 04; 310(9):978. PMID: 24002289.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Persell SD, Friedberg MW, Meeker D, Linder JA, Fox CR, Goldstein NJ, Shah PD, Knight TK, Doctor JN. Use of behavioral economics and social psychology to improve treatment of acute respiratory infections (BEARI): rationale and design of a cluster randomized controlled trial [1RC4AG039115-01]--study protocol and baseline practice and provider characteristics. BMC Infect Dis. 2013 Jun 27; 13:290. PMID: 23806017; PMCID: PMC3701464.
    28. Le QA, Doctor JN, Zoellner LA, Feeny NC. Minimal clinically important differences for the EQ-5D and QWB-SA in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): results from a Doubly Randomized Preference Trial (DRPT). Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2013 Apr 12; 11:59. PMID: 23587015; PMCID: PMC3635945.
    29. Huesch MD, Ong MK, Doctor JN. Evaluating other diseases with computed tomographic screening for lung cancer. JAMA. 2013 Feb 20; 309(7):655-6. PMID: 23423404.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Suh HS, Hay JW, Johnson KA, Doctor JN. Comparative effectiveness of statin plus fibrate combination therapy and statin monotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes: use of propensity-score and instrumental variable methods to adjust for treatment-selection bias. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2012 May; 21(5):470-84. PMID: 22461130.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Hills RA, Baseman JG, Revere D, Boge CL, Oberle MW, Doctor JN, Lober WB. Applying the XForms Standard to Public Health Case Reporting and Alerting. Online J Public Health Inform. 2011; 3(2). PMID: 23569609; PMCID: PMC3615786.
    32. Turpcu A, Bleichrodt H, Le QA, Doctor JN. How to aggregate health? Separability and the effect of framing. Med Decis Making. 2012 Mar-Apr; 32(2):259-65. PMID: 21875951.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Le QA, Doctor JN. Probabilistic mapping of descriptive health status responses onto health state utilities using Bayesian networks: an empirical analysis converting SF-12 into EQ-5D utility index in a national US sample. Med Care. 2011 May; 49(5):451-60. PMID: 21422961.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Wolf CF, Gu NY, Doctor JN, Manner PA, Leopold SS. Comparison of one and two-stage revision of total hip arthroplasty complicated by infection: a Markov expected-utility decision analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Apr 06; 93(7):631-9. PMID: 21471416.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Doctor JN, Zoellner LA, Feeny NC. Predictors of health-related quality-of-life utilities among persons with posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychiatr Serv. 2011 Mar; 62(3):272-7. PMID: 21363898; PMCID: PMC3238449.
    36. Le QA, Strylewicz G, Doctor JN. Detecting blood laboratory errors using a Bayesian network: an evaluation on liver enzyme tests. Med Decis Making. 2011 Mar-Apr; 31(2):325-37. PMID: 20729509.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Strylewicz G, Doctor J. Evaluation of an automated method to assist with error detection in the ACCORD central laboratory. Clin Trials. 2010 Aug; 7(4):380-9. PMID: 20571135.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Doctor JN, Strylewicz G. Detecting 'wrong blood in tube' errors: Evaluation of a Bayesian network approach. Artif Intell Med. 2010 Oct; 50(2):75-82. PMID: 20566275; PMCID: PMC2948617.
    39. Doctor JN, Miyamoto J, Bleichrodt H. When are person tradeoffs valid? J Health Econ. 2009 Sep; 28(5):1018-27. PMID: 19683816; PMCID: PMC2763995.
    40. Smith WP, Doctor J, Meyer J, Kalet IJ, Phillips MH. A decision aid for intensity-modulated radiation-therapy plan selection in prostate cancer based on a prognostic Bayesian network and a Markov model. Artif Intell Med. 2009 Jun; 46(2):119-30. PMID: 19157811; PMCID: PMC2684564.
    41. Gu NY, Wolf C, Leopold S, Manner PA, Doctor JN. A comparison of physician and patient time trade-offs for postoperative hip outcomes. Value Health. 2009 Jun; 12(4):618-20. PMID: 18980636.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Doctor JN, Bleichrodt H, Lin HJ. Health utility bias: a systematic review and meta-analytic evaluation. Med Decis Making. 2010 Jan-Feb; 30(1):58-67. PMID: 18556637.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Doctor JN, Baseman JG, Lober WB, Davies J, Kobayashi J, Karras BT, Fuller S. Time-tradeoff utilities for identifying and evaluating a minimum data set for time-critical biosurveillance. Med Decis Making. 2008 May-Jun; 28(3):351-8. PMID: 18480039.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Kahn JM, Doctor JN, Rubenfeld GD. Stress ulcer prophylaxis in mechanically ventilated patients: integrating evidence and judgment using a decision analysis. Intensive Care Med. 2006 Aug; 32(8):1151-8. PMID: 16788804.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Sox CM, Koepsell TD, Doctor JN, Christakis DA. Pediatricians' clinical decision making: results of 2 randomized controlled trials of test performance characteristics. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006 May; 160(5):487-92. PMID: 16651490.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Doctor JN, Miyamoto JM. Person tradeoffs and the problem of risk. Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res. 2005 Dec; 5(6):677-82. PMID: 19807610.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Machamer J, Temkin N, Fraser R, Doctor JN, Dikmen S. Stability of employment after traumatic brain injury. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2005 Nov; 11(7):807-16. PMID: 16519260.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Bell KR, Temkin NR, Esselman PC, Doctor JN, Bombardier CH, Fraser RT, Hoffman JM, Powell JM, Dikmen S. The effect of a scheduled telephone intervention on outcome after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: a randomized trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 May; 86(5):851-6. PMID: 15895327.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Civan A, Doctor JN, Wolf FM. What makes a good format: frameworks for evaluating the effect of graphic risk formats on consumers' risk-related behavior. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2005; 927. PMID: 16779213; PMCID: PMC1560820.
    50. Bleichrodt H, Doctor J, Stolk E. A nonparametric elicitation of the equity-efficiency trade-off in cost-utility analysis. J Health Econ. 2005 Jul; 24(4):655-78. PMID: 15960990.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Bell KR, Hoffman JM, Doctor JN, Powell JM, Esselman P, Bombardier C, Fraser R, Dikmen S. Development of a telephone follow-up program for individuals following traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2004 Nov-Dec; 19(6):502-12. PMID: 15602312.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Meyer J, Phillips MH, Cho PS, Kalet I, Doctor JN. Application of influence diagrams to prostate intensity-modulated radiation therapy plan selection. Phys Med Biol. 2004 May 07; 49(9):1637-53. PMID: 15152921.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Doctor JN, Bleichrodt H, Miyamoto J, Temkin NR, Dikmen S. A new and more robust test of QALYs. J Health Econ. 2004 Mar; 23(2):353-67. PMID: 15019761.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Bell KR, Esselman P, Garner MD, Doctor J, Bombardier C, Johnson K, Temkin N, Dikmen S. The use of a World Wide Web-based consultation site to provide support to telephone staff in a traumatic brain injury demonstration project. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2003 Nov-Dec; 18(6):504-11. PMID: 14707880.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Hoffman JM, Doctor JN, Chan L, Whyte J, Jha A, Dikmen S. Potential impact of the new medicare prospective payment system on reimbursement for traumatic brain injury inpatient rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Aug; 84(8):1165-72. PMID: 12917856.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Doctor JN, Wolfson AM, McKnight P, Burns SP. The effect of inaccurate FIM instrument ratings on prospective payment: a study of clinician expertise and FIM rating difficulty as contributing to inaccuracy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Jan; 84(1):46-50. PMID: 12589619.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Jha A, Patrick DL, MacLehose RF, Doctor JN, Chan L. Dissatisfaction with medical services among Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Oct; 83(10):1335-41. PMID: 12370864.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Chan L, Beaver S, Maclehose RF, Jha A, Maciejewski M, Doctor JN. Disability and health care costs in the Medicare population. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Sep; 83(9):1196-201. PMID: 12235597.
      View in: PubMed