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Jeffrey I. Gold, MD

TitleProfessor of Clinical Anesthesiology
InstitutionUniversity of Southern California
DepartmentPediatrics
AddressCHL Mail Stop 12
Off Campus
Los Angeles CA 90089
Phone+1 323 361 6341
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    Positions and Employment

    1987 – 1988 Research Assistant - University of California, Santa Barbara, Department of Psychology
    1989 – 1990 Director - Kindergarten Intervention Program (KIP) Los Angeles School Mental Health Services
    1990 – 1990 Research Assistant - University of California at Los Angeles, Department of Psychology, Autism Project (NIMH Program Grant)
    1990 – 1991 Trainee - San Fernando Valley Child Guidance Clinic
    1991 – 1993 Staff Research Associate - UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute and Hospital, Veterans Administration Medical Center-Brentwood Division Schizophrenia and Substance Abuse Research (NIDA R01)
    1993 – 1997 Clinical Research Assistant - Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland - Departments of Psychiatry and Hematology
    1995 – 1996 Trainee - University of California at Davis - Counseling Center
    1996 – 1997 Trainee - California School of Professional Psychology- Psychological Service Center
    1999 - 2000 Project Director - Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Research Program-VA San Francisco Health Care System (NIH Program Grant)
    2000 - 2001 Project Director - Cancer Pain Research Program-VA Palo Alto Health Care System (VA HRSD)
    2002 – 2004 Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California; Psychologist, USC/UAP Mental Health Services, Comfort and Pain Management Program, Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles
    2004 – 2009 Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics Keck School Medicine, University of Southern California, Departments of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles
    2009 – Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics Keck School Medicine, University of Southern California, Departments of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles
    2010 – Grant Reviewer for NIH Study Sections

    Jeffrey I. Gold, PhD, is an associate professor in the Departments of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics at the Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California. Dr. Gold, a licensed clinical psychologist, is director of the Pediatric Pain Management Clinic within the comprehensive multidisciplinary Comfort, Pain Management and Palliative Care Program in the Department of Anesthesiology Critical Care Medicine. He also is the director of the Children's Outcomes, Research, and Evaluation (C.O.R.E.) program, director of the Children's Hospital - Yo San University Pediatric Acupuncture Program, and faculty with the pediatric psychology specialization within the USC University Center of Excellence in Developmental Disabilities Mental Health Services at Children's Hospital Los Angeles. Dr. Gold has specialized in the assessment, treatment, and clinical investigation of acute and chronic pain in children, adolescents, and adults with various chronic medical illnesses, such as sickle cell disease and chronic pain conditions.

    Dr. Gold is a NIH-funded clinical researcher examining: 1. The neurobiological basis of virtual reality pain attenuation. 2. Neuropsychological dysfunction and neuroimaging abnormalities in neurologically intact patients with sickle cell disease. 3. Acute stress reactions in children following physical trauma (i.e., motor vehicle accidents), and preoperative anxiety and distress in children.

    PRIMARY AREAS OF RESEARCH
    Biopsychosocial, neurodevelopmental, and neurobehavioral investigations of acute and chronic pain, chronic illness and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in medically ill children and adolescents. Investigating the role virtual reality (VR) for procedural distress (i.e., pain and anxiety) for children and adolescents. Dr. Gold is actively engaged in the evaluation and utility of complementary and alternative medicine (i.e., virtual reality, massage, acupuncture) for reducing pain, anxiety, psychological distress and increasing comfort and satisfaction in hospitalized children.



    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Virtual Reality Analgesia: Using fMRI to explore the central mechanisms of VR's e
    NIH/NIDA R21DA025103Aug 1, 2009 - Jul 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Mamtora PH, Kain ZN, Stevenson RS, Golianu B, Zuk J, Gold J, Fortier MA. An evaluation of preoperative anxiety in Spanish-speaking and Latino children in the United States. Paediatr Anaesth. 2018 Jul 01. PMID: 29962037.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Gold J, Mahrer NE. Is Virtual Reality Ready for Prime Time in the Medical Space? A Randomized Control Trial of Pediatric Virtual Reality for Acute Procedural Pain Management. J Pediatr Psychol. 2018 Apr 01; 43(3):266-275. PMID: 29053848.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Yetwin AK, Mahrer NE, John C, Gold J. Does Pain Intensity Matter? The Relation between Coping and Quality of Life in Pediatric Patients with Chronic Pain. J Pediatr Nurs. 2018 May - Jun; 40:7-13. PMID: 29776482.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Yang E, Schamber E, Meyer RML, Gold J. Happier Healers: Randomized Controlled Trial of Mobile Mindfulness for Stress Management. J Altern Complement Med. 2018 May; 24(5):505-513. PMID: 29420050.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Mahrer NE, Gold J, Luu M, Herman PM. A Cost-Analysis of an Interdisciplinary Pediatric Chronic Pain Clinic. J Pain. 2018 Feb; 19(2):158-165. PMID: 29054492.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Cooper TE, Heathcote LC, Clinch J, Gold J, Howard R, Lord SM, Schechter N, Wood C, Wiffen PJ. Antidepressants for chronic non-cancer pain in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 08 05; 8:CD012535. PMID: 28779487.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Morrison Wylde C, Mahrer NE, Meyer RML, Gold J. Mindfulness for Novice Pediatric Nurses: Smartphone Application Versus Traditional Intervention. J Pediatr Nurs. 2017 Sep - Oct; 36:205-212. PMID: 28888505.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Nager AL, Pham PK, Grajower DN, Gold J. Mental Health Screening Among Adolescents and Young Adults in the Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2017 Jan; 33(1):5-9. PMID: 26414635.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Hendriksz CJ, Berger KI, Lampe C, Kircher SG, Orchard PJ, Southall R, Long S, Sande S, Gold J. Health-related quality of life in mucopolysaccharidosis: looking beyond biomedical issues. Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2016 08 26; 11(1):119. PMID: 27561270; PMCID: PMC5000418.
    10. Nager AL, Pham P, Grajower SN, Gold J. March of the Living, a Holocaust Educational Tour: An Assessment of Anxiety and Depression. J Relig Health. 2016 Jun; 55(3):1000-9. PMID: 26525210.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Mandell IM, Bynum F, Marshall L, Bart R, Gold J, Rubin S. Rising to the challenge of preventing pediatric intensive care unit admissions. J Crit Care. 2015 Dec; 30(6):1413-4. PMID: 26483351.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Mandell IM, Bynum F, Marshall L, Bart R, Gold J, Rubin S. Pediatric Early Warning Score and unplanned readmission to the pediatric intensive care unit. J Crit Care. 2015 Oct; 30(5):1090-5. PMID: 26235654.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Meyer RM, Gold J, Beas VN, Young CM, Kassam-Adams N. Psychometric evaluation of the child PTSD symptom scale in Spanish and English. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2015 Jun; 46(3):438-44. PMID: 25129027; PMCID: PMC4663982.
    14. Nager AL, Kobylecka M, Pham PK, Johnson L, Gold J. Effects of acupuncture on pain and inflammation in pediatric emergency department patients with acute appendicitis: a pilot study. J Altern Complement Med. 2015 May; 21(5):269-72. PMID: 25875844.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Epstein D, Unger JB, Ornelas B, Chang JC, Markovitz BP, Dodek PM, Heyland DK, Gold J. Satisfaction with care and decision making among parents/caregivers in the pediatric intensive care unit: a comparison between English-speaking whites and Latinos. J Crit Care. 2015 Apr; 30(2):236-41. PMID: 25541103.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Gauthier T, Meyer RM, Grefe D, Gold J. An on-the-job mindfulness-based intervention for pediatric ICU nurses: a pilot. J Pediatr Nurs. 2015 Mar-Apr; 30(2):402-9. PMID: 25450445.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Epstein D, Reibel M, Unger JB, Cockburn M, Escobedo LA, Kale DC, Chang JC, Gold J. The effect of neighborhood and individual characteristics on pediatric critical illness. J Community Health. 2014 Aug; 39(4):753-9. PMID: 24488647.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Kun SS, Beas VN, Keens TG, Ward SS, Gold J. Examining pediatric emergency home ventilation practices in home health nurses: Opportunities for improved care. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2015 Jul; 50(7):691-7. PMID: 24706404.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Barber BA, Kohl KL, Kassam-Adams N, Gold J. Acute stress, depression, and anxiety symptoms among English and Spanish speaking children with recent trauma exposure. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2014 Mar; 21(1):66-71. PMID: 24337685; PMCID: PMC4616005.
    20. Mackin RS, Insel P, Truran D, Vichinsky EP, Neumayr LD, Armstrong FD, Gold J, Kesler K, Brewer J, Weiner MW. Neuroimaging abnormalities in adults with sickle cell anemia: associations with cognition. Neurology. 2014 Mar 11; 82(10):835-41. PMID: 24523480; PMCID: PMC3959758.
    21. Meyer RM, Li A, Klaristenfeld J, Gold J. Pediatric novice nurses: examining compassion fatigue as a mediator between stress exposure and compassion satisfaction, burnout, and job satisfaction. J Pediatr Nurs. 2015 Jan-Feb; 30(1):174-83. PMID: 24444742.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Li A, Early SF, Mahrer NE, Klaristenfeld JL, Gold J. Group cohesion and organizational commitment: protective factors for nurse residents' job satisfaction, compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and burnout. J Prof Nurs. 2014 Jan-Feb; 30(1):89-99. PMID: 24503320.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Nager AL, Pham P, Gold J. March of the living, a holocaust educational tour: effect on adolescent Jewish identity. J Relig Health. 2013 Dec; 52(4):1402-14. PMID: 23801019.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Epstein D, Unger JB, Ornelas B, Chang JC, Markovitz BP, Moromisato DY, Dodek PM, Heyland DK, Gold J. Psychometric evaluation of a modified version of the family satisfaction in the ICU survey in parents/caregivers of critically ill children*. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2013 Oct; 14(8):e350-6. PMID: 23863815.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Kassam-Adams N, Gold J, Montaño Z, Kohser KL, Cuadra A, Muñoz C, Armstrong FD. Development and psychometric evaluation of child acute stress measures in Spanish and English. J Trauma Stress. 2013 Feb; 26(1):19-27. PMID: 23371337; PMCID: PMC4646425.
    26. Claudius I, Mahrer N, Nager AL, Gold J. Occult psychosocial impairment in a pediatric emergency department population. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Dec; 28(12):1334-7. PMID: 23187992.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Menteer J, Beas VN, Chang JC, Reed K, Gold J. Mood and health-related quality of life among pediatric patients with heart failure. Pediatr Cardiol. 2013 Feb; 34(2):431-7. PMID: 22956059.
      View in: PubMed
    28. O'Callaghan ET, Gold J. Pica in children with sickle cell disease: two case reports. J Pediatr Nurs. 2012 Dec; 27(6):e65-70. PMID: 22917881.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Gold J, Douglas MK, Thomas ML, Elliott JE, Rao SM, Miaskowski C. The relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder, mood states, functional status, and quality of life in oncology outpatients. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2012 Oct; 44(4):520-31. PMID: 22743157.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Nelson LP, Gold J. Posttraumatic stress disorder in children and their parents following admission to the pediatric intensive care unit: a review. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2012 May; 13(3):338-47. PMID: 21499173.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Mahrer NE, Montaño Z, Gold J. Relations between anxiety sensitivity, somatization, and health-related quality of life in children with chronic pain. J Pediatr Psychol. 2012 Aug; 37(7):808-16. PMID: 22493024.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Yuan HC, Sohn EY, Abouezzeddine T, Mahrer NE, Barber BA, Keens TG, Davidson Ward SL, Gold J. Neurocognitive functioning in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a pilot study of positive airway pressure therapy. J Pediatr Nurs. 2012 Dec; 27(6):607-13. PMID: 23101726.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Gold J, Nelson LP. Palliative care in a neonatal intensive care unit. J Crit Care. 2012 Feb; 27(1):95-6. PMID: 21798710.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Christodoulou-Smith J, Gold J, Romero R, Goodwin TM, Macgibbon KW, Mullin PM, Fejzo MS. Posttraumatic stress symptoms following pregnancy complicated by hyperemesis gravidarum. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2011 Nov; 24(11):1307-11. PMID: 21635201.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Horn B, Balk J, Gold J. Revisiting the Sham: Is It all Smoke and Mirrors? Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2011; 2011:842767. PMID: 21785635; PMCID: PMC3137704.
    36. Li A, Montaño Z, Chen VJ, Gold J. Virtual reality and pain management: current trends and future directions. Pain Manag. 2011 Mar; 1(2):147-157. PMID: 21779307.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Gold J, Treadwell M, Weissman L, Vichinsky E. The mediating effects of family functioning on psychosocial outcomes in healthy siblings of children with sickle cell disease. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2011 Dec 01; 57(6):1055-61. PMID: 21360652.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Nager AL, Nager SM, Lalani PG, Gold J. Holocaust student tour: the impact on spirituality and health. Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 2011; 48(3):186-94. PMID: 22141143.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Nager AL, Mahrer NE, Gold J. State trait anxiety in the emergency department: an analysis of anticipatory and life stressors. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2010 Dec; 26(12):897-901. PMID: 21131802.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Vichinsky EP, Neumayr LD, Gold J, Weiner MW, Rule RR, Truran D, Kasten J, Eggleston B, Kesler K, McMahon L, Orringer EP, Harrington T, Kalinyak K, De Castro LM, Kutlar A, Rutherford CJ, Johnson C, Bessman JD, Jordan LB, Armstrong FD. Neuropsychological dysfunction and neuroimaging abnormalities in neurologically intact adults with sickle cell anemia. JAMA. 2010 May 12; 303(18):1823-31. PMID: 20460621; PMCID: PMC2892214.
    41. Gold J, Mahrer NE, Yee J, Palermo TM. Pain, fatigue, and health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with chronic pain. Clin J Pain. 2009 Jun; 25(5):407-12. PMID: 19454874; PMCID: PMC2844257.
    42. Gold J, Montano Z, Shields S, Mahrer NE, Vibhakar V, Ybarra T, Yee N, Upperman J, Blake N, Stevenson K, Nager AL. Pediatric disaster preparedness in the medical setting: integrating mental health. Am J Disaster Med. 2009 May-Jun; 4(3):137-46. PMID: 19739456.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Gold J, Yetwin AK, Mahrer NE, Carson MC, Griffin AT, Palmer SN, Joseph MH. Pediatric chronic pain and health-related quality of life. J Pediatr Nurs. 2009 Apr; 24(2):141-50. PMID: 19268235.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Mahrer NE, Gold J. The use of virtual reality for pain control: a review. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2009 Apr; 13(2):100-9. PMID: 19272275.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Gold J, Mahrer NE, Treadwell M, Weissman L, Vichinsky E. Psychosocial and behavioral outcomes in children with sickle cell disease and their healthy siblings. J Behav Med. 2008 Dec; 31(6):506-16. PMID: 18784995.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Gold J, Johnson CB, Treadwell MJ, Hans N, Vichinsky E. Detection and assessment of stroke in patients with sickle cell disease: neuropsychological functioning and magnetic resonance imaging. Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2008 Jun; 25(5):409-21. PMID: 18569843.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Gold J, Treadwell M, Weissman L, Vichinsky E. An expanded Transactional Stress and Coping Model for siblings of children with sickle cell disease: family functioning and sibling coping, self-efficacy and perceived social support. Child Care Health Dev. 2008 Jul; 34(4):491-502. PMID: 18485027.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Gold J, Kant AJ, Kim SH. The impact of unintentional pediatric trauma: a review of pain, acute stress, and posttraumatic stress. J Pediatr Nurs. 2008 Apr; 23(2):81-91. PMID: 18339334.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Gold J, Nicolaou CD, Belmont KA, Katz AR, Benaron DM, Yu W. Pediatric acupuncture: a review of clinical research. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2009 Dec; 6(4):429-39. PMID: 18955306; PMCID: PMC2781770.
    50. Beider S, Mahrer NE, Gold J. Pediatric massage therapy: an overview for clinicians. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2007 Dec; 54(6):1025-41; xii-xiii. PMID: 18061789.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Alderfer MA, Fiese BH, Gold J, Cutuli JJ, Holmbeck GN, Goldbeck L, Chambers CT, Abad M, Spetter D, Patterson J. Evidence-based assessment in pediatric psychology: family measures. J Pediatr Psychol. 2008 Oct; 33(9):1046-61; discussion 1062-4. PMID: 17905801; PMCID: PMC2639492.
    52. Livingston K, Beider S, Kant AJ, Gallardo CC, Joseph MH, Gold J. Touch and massage for medically fragile infants. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2009 Dec; 6(4):473-82. PMID: 18955228; PMCID: PMC2781772.
    53. Gold J, Kant AJ, Belmont KA, Butler LD. Practitioner review: clinical applications of pediatric hypnosis. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007 Aug; 48(8):744-54. PMID: 17683446.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Gold J, Belmont KA, Thomas DA. The neurobiology of virtual reality pain attenuation. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2007 Aug; 10(4):536-44. PMID: 17711362.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Taylor BJ, Robbins JM, Gold J, Logsdon TR, Bird TM, Anand KJ. Assessing postoperative pain in neonates: a multicenter observational study. Pediatrics. 2006 Oct; 118(4):e992-1000. PMID: 17015519.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Kemper KJ, Butler LD, Culbert T, Eisenberg D, Gardiner P, Gaylord S, Glick R, Gold J, Guerrera MP, Harrigan R, Kreitzer MJ, Lee R, McLean TW, Olness K, Pan J, Pettignano R, Rickhi B, Rosen L, Sahler OJ, Sierpina V, Tsao JC, Vohra S, Weydert J, Zeltzer L, Zempsky WT. Pediatric guidelines. Explore (NY). 2006 Sep-Oct; 2(5):386-7. PMID: 16979098.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Gold J, Kim SH, Kant AJ, Joseph MH, Rizzo AS. Effectiveness of virtual reality for pediatric pain distraction during i.v. placement. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2006 Apr; 9(2):207-12. PMID: 16640481.
      View in: PubMed