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David G. Armstrong

Title(s)Professor Of Clinical Surgery
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Victoria University of Manchester, Manchester, UKPhD, MD2004Mitigation of Pressure in the High Risk Diabetic Foot
    University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UKMS2003Tissue Repair and Wound Healing
    University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX1996Diabetic Foot Fellowship
    Monsignor Clement Kern Hospital for Special Surgery, Warren, MI1995Residency, Foot and Ankle Surgery
    California College of Podiatric Medicine, San Francisco, CADPM1993Podiatric Medicine
    Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA1989
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    General Surgery2017Top Author Commendation
    PM Magazine2017Most Influential Podiatric Surgeons
    University of Arizona2017University Distinguished Outreach Professor
    California School of Podiatric Medicine2017Heather Barton Alumnus Award
    National Academics of Practice2015Distinguished Fellow
    National Health Information Awards2013Gold Award
    University of Arizona/Tech Launch Arizona2013Leading Edge Researcher
    Brigham and Women's Hospital2013 Visiting Professor of Surgery
    University of Western Australia2013The Raine Visiting Professorship
    Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow2012Fellow
    Podiatry Management VIP List2011Most Influential Podiatric Surgeons
    American Diabetes Association 2010Roger Pecoraro Award
    Universidad Complutense, Madrid2008 Honorary Professor of Medicine
    Georgetown University2007Georgetown Distinguished Lifetime Achievement Award in Diabetic Limb Salvage
    University of Manchester2006Visiting Professor of Medicine
    American Podiatric Medical Association2002Meritorious Service Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Armstrong is Professor of Clinical Surgery at the University of Southern California. Dr. Armstrong holds a Masters of Science in Tissue Repair and Wound Healing from the University of Wales College of Medicine and a PhD from the University of Manchester College of Medicine, where he was appointed Visiting Professor of Medicine. He is founder and co-Director of the Southwestern Academic Limb Salvage Alliance (SALSA).

    Dr. Armstrong has produced more than 510 peer-reviewed research papers in dozens of scholarly medical journals as well as over 90 book chapters. He is co-Editor of the American Diabetes Association’s (ADA) Clinical Care of the Diabetic Foot, now in its third edition.

    Armstrong was appointed Deputy Director of Arizona’s Center for Accelerated Biomedical Innovation (ACABI) and co-founder of its “augmented human” initiative, which places him at the nexus of the merger of consumer electronics, wearables and medical devices.

    Dr. Armstrong was selected as one of the first six International Wound Care Ambassadors and is the recipient of numerous awards and degrees by universities and international medical organizations including the inaugural Georgetown Distinguished Award for Diabetic Limb Salvage. In 2008, he was the 25th and youngest-ever member elected into the Podiatric Medicine Hall of Fame. He was the first surgeon to be appointed University Distinguished Outreach Professor at the University of Arizona. He was the first podiatric surgeon to become a member of the Society of Vascular Surgery and the first US podiatric surgeon named fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Glasgow. He is the 2010 and youngest ever recipient of the ADA’s Roger Pecoraro Award, the highest award given in the field.

    Dr. Armstrong is past Chair of Scientific Sessions for the ADA’s Foot Care Council, and a past member of the National Board of Directors of the American Diabetes Association as well as a former commissioner with the Illinois State Diabetes Commission. He sits on the Infectious Disease Society of America’s (IDSA) Diabetic Foot Infection Advisory Committee and is the US appointed delegate to the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot (IWGDF). Dr. Armstrong is the founder and co-chair of the International Diabetic Foot Conference (DF-Con), the largest annual international symposium on the diabetic foot in the world.

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Sibbald RG, Maliyar K, Persaud-Jaimangal R, Elliott JA, Brandon A, Kotru B, Armstrong DG. Validated 60-Second General Foot Screen: A Pilot Trial and Guide to Diagnoses and Treatment. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2019 Nov; 32(11):490-501. PMID: 31625965.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Dhillon AS, Caro J, Tun H, Armstrong DG, Rowe V, Shavelle DM, Clavijo LC. Therapeutic Window of Clopidogrel and Ticagrelor in Patients With Critical Limb-Threatening Ischemia. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Sep 24; 1074248419877411. PMID: 31550912.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Fejfarová V, Pavlu J, Bém R, Wosková V, Dubský M, Nemcová A, Jirkovská A, Sixta B, Sutoris K, Thieme F, Armstrong DG, Vrátná E, Hazdrová J, Lánská V. The Superiority of Removable Contact Splints in the Healing of Diabetic Foot during Postoperative Care. J Diabetes Res. 2019; 2019:5945839. PMID: 31637262.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Baghdasaryan PA, Bae JH, Yu W, Rowe V, Armstrong DG, Shavelle DM, Clavijo LC. "The renal foot" - Angiographic pattern of patients with chronic limb threatening ischemia and end-stage renal disease. Cardiovasc Revasc Med. 2019 Sep 06. PMID: 31575468.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Armstrong DG. Subscription prescription: remote patient monitoring using smart shoes, socks and insoles. J Wound Care. 2019 Sep 01; 28(Sup9):S3. PMID: 31509490.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Lavery LA, Petersen BJ, Linders DR, Bloom JD, Rothenberg GM, Armstrong DG. Unilateral remote temperature monitoring to predict future ulceration for the diabetic foot in remission. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2019; 7(1):e000696. PMID: 31423317.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Lavery LA, Niederauer MQ, Papas KK, Armstrong DG. Does Debridement Improve Clinical Outcomes in People With Diabetic Foot Ulcers Treated With Continuous Diffusion of Oxygen? Wounds. 2019 Jul 31. PMID: 31461400.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Hinojosa CA, Anaya-Ayala JE, Armstrong DG, Kayssi A, Mills JL. The importance of establishing a framework for regional and international collaboration in the management of the diabetic foot. J Vasc Surg. 2019 Jul; 70(1):335-336. PMID: 31230654.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Cabal Mirabal CA, Berlanga Acosta J, Fernández Montequín J, Oramas Díaz L, González Dalmau E, Herrera Martínez L, Sauri JE, Baldomero Hernández J, Savigne Gutiérrez W, Valdés JL, Tabio Reyes AL, Pérez Pérez SC, Valdés Pérez C, Armstrong AA, Armstrong DG. Quantitative Studies of Diabetic Foot Ulcer Evolution Under Treatment by Digital Stereotactic Photography. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2019 Sep; 13(5):821-826. PMID: 31195816.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Tan TW, Shih CD, Concha-Moore KC, Diri MM, Hu B, Marrero D, Zhou W, Armstrong DG. Correction: Disparities in outcomes of patients admitted with diabetic foot infections. PLoS One. 2019; 14(4):e0215532. PMID: 30973946.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Miller JD, Lew EJ, Giovinco NA, Ochoa C, Rowe VL, Clavijo LC, Weaver F, Armstrong DG. How to Create a Hot Foot Line to Prevent Diabetes-Related Amputations: Instant Triage for Emergency Department and Inpatient Consultations. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2019 Mar; 109(2):174-179. PMID: 31135194.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Rastogi A, Hajela A, Prakash M, Khandelwal N, Kumar R, Bhattacharya A, Mittal BR, Bhansali A, Armstrong DG. Teriparatide (recombinant human parathyroid hormone [1-34]) increases foot bone remodeling in diabetic chronic Charcot neuroarthropathy: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. J Diabetes. 2019 Sep; 11(9):703-710. PMID: 30632290.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Tan TW, Shih CD, Concha-Moore KC, Diri MM, Hu B, Marrero D, Zhou W, Armstrong DG. Disparities in outcomes of patients admitted with diabetic foot infections. PLoS One. 2019; 14(2):e0211481. PMID: 30716108.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Li T, Ma Y, Wang M, Wang T, Wei J, Ren R, He M, Wang G, Boey J, Armstrong DG, Deng W, Chen B. Platelet-rich plasma plays an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and cell proliferation-promoting role in an in vitro model for diabetic infected wounds. Infect Drug Resist. 2019; 12:297-309. PMID: 30774397.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Godoy-Santos AL, Rosemberg LA, de Cesar-Netto C, Armstrong DG. The use of bioactive glass S53P4 in the treatment of an infected Charcot foot: a case report. J Wound Care. 2019 Jan 01; 28(Sup1):S14-S17. PMID: 30724119.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Schmitz H, Howe CL, Armstrong DG, Subbian V. Leveraging mobile health applications for biomedical research and citizen science: a scoping review. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 12 01; 25(12):1685-1695. PMID: 30445467.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Yavuz M, Ersen A, Hartos J, Lavery LA, Wukich DK, Hirschman GB, Armstrong DG, Quiben MU, Adams LS. Temperature as a Causative Factor in Diabetic Foot Ulcers: A Call to Revisit Ulceration Pathomechanics. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2019 Sep; 109(5):345-350. PMID: 30427732.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Weinkauf C, Mazhar A, Vaishnav K, Hamadani AA, Cuccia DJ, Armstrong DG. Near-instant noninvasive optical imaging of tissue perfusion for vascular assessment. J Vasc Surg. 2019 02; 69(2):555-562. PMID: 30292608.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Armstrong DG, Gurtner GC. A histologically hostile environment made more hospitable? Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2018 09; 14(9):511-512. PMID: 30054565.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Niederauer MQ, Michalek JE, Liu Q, Papas KK, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG. Continuous diffusion of oxygen improves diabetic foot ulcer healing when compared with a placebo control: a randomised, double-blind, multicentre study. J Wound Care. 2018 Sep 01; 27(Sup9):S30-S45. PMID: 30207844.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Lazzarini PA, Pacella RE, Armstrong DG, van Netten JJ. Diabetes-related lower-extremity complications are a leading cause of the global burden of disability. Diabet Med. 2018 May 23. PMID: 29791033.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Basatneh R, Najafi B, Armstrong DG. Health Sensors, Smart Home Devices, and the Internet of Medical Things: An Opportunity for Dramatic Improvement in Care for the Lower Extremity Complications of Diabetes. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2018 05; 12(3):577-586. PMID: 29635931.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Chen Y, Ma Y, Li N, Wang H, Chen B, Liang Z, Ren R, Lu D, Boey J, Armstrong DG, Deng W. Efficacy and long-term longitudinal follow-up of bone marrow mesenchymal cell transplantation therapy in a diabetic patient with recurrent lower limb bullosis diabeticorum. Stem Cell Res Ther. 2018 04 10; 9(1):99. PMID: 29631615.
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    24. Jeffcoate WJ, Vileikyte L, Boyko EJ, Armstrong DG, Boulton AJM. Current Challenges and Opportunities in the Prevention and Management of Diabetic Foot Ulcers. Diabetes Care. 2018 04; 41(4):645-652. PMID: 29559450.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Khan T, Armstrong DG. Ulcer-free, hospital-free and activity-rich days: three key metrics for the diabetic foot in remission. J Wound Care. 2018 Apr 01; 27(Sup4):S3-S4. PMID: 29641340.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Khan T, Shin L, Woelfel S, Rowe V, Wilson BL, Armstrong DG. Building a scalable diabetic limb preservation program: four steps to success. Diabet Foot Ankle. 2018; 9(1):1452513. PMID: 29696071.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Kwon KT, Armstrong DG. Microbiology and Antimicrobial Therapy for Diabetic Foot Infections. Infect Chemother. 2018 Mar; 50(1):11-20. PMID: 29637748.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Rankin TM, Wormer BA, Miller JD, Giovinco NA, Al Kassis S, Armstrong DG. Image once, print thrice? Three-dimensional printing of replacement parts. Br J Radiol. 2018 Feb; 91(1083):20170374. PMID: 29091482.
      View in: PubMed
    29. van Netten JJ, Lazzarini PA, Armstrong DG, Bus SA, Fitridge R, Harding K, Kinnear E, Malone M, Menz HB, Perrin BM, Postema K, Prentice J, Schott KH, Wraight PR. Diabetic Foot Australia guideline on footwear for people with diabetes. J Foot Ankle Res. 2018; 11:2. PMID: 29371890.
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    30. Shahin TB, Vaishnav KV, Watchman M, Subbian V, Larson E, Chnari E, Armstrong DG. Tissue Augmentation with Allograft Adipose Matrix For the Diabetic Foot in Remission. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2017 Oct; 5(10):e1555. PMID: 29184753.
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    31. Çildag MB, Ertugrul BM, Köseoglu ÖF, Çildag S, Armstrong DG. Angiographic assessment of atherosclerotic load at the lower extremity in patients with diabetic foot and charcot neuro-arthropathy. J Chin Med Assoc. 2018 Jun; 81(6):565-570. PMID: 29056486.
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    32. Roser MC, Canavan PK, Najafi B, Cooper Watchman M, Vaishnav K, Armstrong DG. Novel In-Shoe Exoskeleton for Offloading of Forefoot Pressure for Individuals With Diabetic Foot Pathology. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 09; 11(5):874-882. PMID: 28859516.
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    33. Muchna A, Najafi B, Wendel CS, Schwenk M, Armstrong DG, Mohler J. Foot Problems in Older Adults Associations with Incident Falls, Frailty Syndrome, and Sensor-Derived Gait, Balance, and Physical Activity Measures. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2018 Mar; 108(2):126-139. PMID: 28853612.
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    34. Boghossian JA, Joseph B, Slepian MJ, Armstrong DG. Remote Ischemic ConditioningPromising Potential in Wound Repair in Diabetes? J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2017 Jul; 107(4):313-317. PMID: 28880591.
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    35. Armstrong DG, Boulton AJM, Bus SA. Diabetic Foot Ulcers and Their Recurrence. N Engl J Med. 2017 06 15; 376(24):2367-2375. PMID: 28614678.
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    36. Keenan JB, Rajab TK, Armstrong DG, Khalpey Z. Real-Time Autofluorescence Imaging to Diagnose LVAD Driveline Infections. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 Jun; 103(6):e493-e495. PMID: 28528048.
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    37. Najafi B, Mohseni H, Grewal GS, Talal TK, Menzies RA, Armstrong DG. An Optical-Fiber-Based Smart Textile (Smart Socks) to Manage Biomechanical Risk Factors Associated With Diabetic Foot Amputation. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 07; 11(4):668-677. PMID: 28513212.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Skrepnek GH, Mills JL, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG. Health Care Service and Outcomes Among an Estimated 6.7 Million Ambulatory Care Diabetic Foot Cases in the U.S. Diabetes Care. 2017 07; 40(7):936-942. PMID: 28495903.
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    39. Ellul C, Formosa C, Gatt A, Hamadani AA, Armstrong DG. The Effectiveness of Calf Muscle Electrostimulation on Vascular Perfusion and Walking Capacity in Patients Living With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Peripheral Artery Disease. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2017 Jun; 16(2):122-128. PMID: 28682726.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Razjouyan J, Grewal GS, Talal TK, Armstrong DG, Mills JL, Najafi B. Does Physiological Stress Slow Down Wound Healing in Patients With Diabetes? J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 07; 11(4):685-692. PMID: 28436270.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Rahemi H, Armstrong DG, Enriquez A, Owl J, Talal TK, Najafi B. Lace Up for Healthy Feet: The Impact of Shoe Closure on Plantar Stress Response. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 07; 11(4):678-684. PMID: 28420258.
      View in: PubMed
    42. MacLeod S, Musich S, Hawkins K, Armstrong DG. The growing need for resources to help older adults manage their financial and healthcare choices. BMC Geriatr. 2017 Apr 11; 17(1):84. PMID: 28399818.
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    43. Ma B, Wl H, Je L, Dg A, B S, Kc J, Ls S. The Role of Computed Tomography in the Classification of Pediatric Pelvic Fractures-Revisited. J Orthop Trauma. 2017 Apr 10. PMID: 28406853.
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    44. Ong E, Farran S, Salloum M, Gardner S, Giovinco N, Armstrong DG, Matthias KR, Nix DE, Al Mohajer M. Does Everything That's Counted Count? Value of Inflammatory Markers for Following Therapy and Predicting Outcome in Diabetic Foot Infection. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2017 Jun; 16(2):104-107. PMID: 28682724.
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    45. Patel N, Hatch D, Wells CM, Ahn D, Harris M, Jennings JA, Haggard W, Armstrong DG. Characteristics and clinical assessment of antibiotic delivery by chitosan sponge in the high-risk diabetic foot: a case series. J Wound Care. 2017 Apr 01; 26(sup4):S32-S38. PMID: 28379101.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Tkatch R, Musich S, MacLeod S, Kraemer S, Hawkins K, Wicker ER, Armstrong DG. A qualitative study to examine older adults' perceptions of health: Keys to aging successfully. Geriatr Nurs. 2017 Nov - Dec; 38(6):485-490. PMID: 28341064.
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    47. Niederauer MQ, Michalek JE, Armstrong DG. A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind Multicenter Study Comparing Continuous Diffusion of Oxygen Therapy to Sham Therapy in the Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 09; 11(5):883-891. PMID: 28654304.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Najafi B, Talal TK, Grewal GS, Menzies R, Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Using Plantar Electrical Stimulation to Improve Postural Balance and Plantar Sensation Among Patients With Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: A Randomized Double Blinded Study. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 07; 11(4):693-701. PMID: 28627217.
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    49. Sessions JW, Armstrong DG, Hope S, Jensen BD. A review of genetic engineering biotechnologies for enhanced chronic wound healing. Exp Dermatol. 2017 02; 26(2):179-185. PMID: 27574909.
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    50. Najafi B, Ron E, Enriquez A, Marin I, Razjouyan J, Armstrong DG. Smarter Sole Survival: Will Neuropathic Patients at High Risk for Ulceration Use a Smart Insole-Based Foot Protection System? J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 07; 11(4):702-713. PMID: 28627227.
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    51. Barshes NR, Saedi S, Wrobel J, Kougias P, Kundakcioglu OE, Armstrong DG. A model to estimate cost-savings in diabetic foot ulcer prevention efforts. J Diabetes Complications. 2017 Apr; 31(4):700-707. PMID: 28153676.
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    52. Godoy-Santos AL, Amodio DT, Pires A, Lima AL, Wei TH, de Cesar-Netto C, Armstrong DG. Diabetic limb salvage procedure with bone allograft and free flap transfer: a case report. Diabet Foot Ankle. 2017; 8(1):1270076. PMID: 28326158.
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    53. Armstrong DG, Najafi B, Shahinpoor M. Potential Applications of Smart Multifunctional Wearable Materials to Gerontology. Gerontology. 2017; 63(3):287-298. PMID: 28076861.
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    54. Brigham EM, Armstrong DG. Motivations for Compliance With Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine Deform. 2017 Jan; 5(1):46-51. PMID: 28038693.
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    55. Garay M, Hennrikus WL, Hess J, Lehman EB, Armstrong DG. Lawnmowers Versus Children: The Devastation Continues. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2017 Apr; 475(4):950-956. PMID: 27785676.
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    56. Joseph B, Armstrong DG. Potential perils of peri-Pokémon perambulation: the dark reality of augmented reality? Oxf Med Case Reports. 2016 Oct; 2016(10):omw080. PMID: 27713831.
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    57. Zhao J, Deng W, Zhang Y, Zheng Y, Zhou L, Boey J, Armstrong DG, Yang G, Liang Z, Chen B. Association between Serum Cystatin C and Diabetic Foot Ulceration in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Diabetes Res. 2016; 2016:8029340. PMID: 27668262.
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    58. Sowa MG, Kuo WC, Ko AC, Armstrong DG. Review of near-infrared methods for wound assessment. J Biomed Opt. 2016 Sep; 21(9):091304. PMID: 27087164.
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    59. Barshes NR, Flores E, Belkin M, Kougias P, Armstrong DG, Mills JL. The accuracy and cost-effectiveness of strategies used to identify peripheral artery disease among patients with diabetic foot ulcers. J Vasc Surg. 2016 Dec; 64(6):1682-1690.e3. PMID: 27575813.
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    60. Najafi B, Grewal GS, Bharara M, Menzies R, Talal TK, Armstrong DG. Can't Stand the Pressure: The Association Between Unprotected Standing, Walking, and Wound Healing in People With Diabetes. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 07; 11(4):657-667. PMID: 27510440.
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    61. Fanelli MG, Hennrikus WL, Slough Hill JM, Armstrong DG, King SH. The Mini C-arm Adds Quality and Efficiency to the Pediatric Orthopedic Outpatient Clinic. Orthopedics. 2016 Nov 01; 39(6):e1097-e1099. PMID: 27504650.
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    62. Moffarah AS, Al Mohajer M, Hurwitz BL, Armstrong DG. Skin and Soft Tissue Infections. Microbiol Spectr. 2016 08; 4(4). PMID: 27726817.
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    63. Luu CA, Larson E, Rankin TM, Pappalardo JL, Slepian MJ, Armstrong DG. Plantar Fat Grafting and Tendon Balancing for the Diabetic Foot Ulcer in Remission. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2016 Jul; 4(7):e810. PMID: 27536489.
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    64. Deng W, Boey J, Chen B, Byun S, Lew E, Liang Z, Armstrong DG. Platelet-rich plasma, bilayered acellular matrix grafting and negative pressure wound therapy in diabetic foot infection. J Wound Care. 2016 Jul 02; 25(7):393-7. PMID: 27410393.
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    65. Armstrong DG. CORR Insights(®): Is Assessment of Femoral Head Perfusion During Modified Dunn for Unstable Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis an Accurate Indicator of Osteonecrosis? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2016 08; 474(8):1845-6. PMID: 27146656.
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    66. Lazo-Porras M, Bernabe-Ortiz A, Sacksteder KA, Gilman RH, Malaga G, Armstrong DG, Miranda JJ. Implementation of foot thermometry plus mHealth to prevent diabetic foot ulcers: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2016 Apr 19; 17(1):206. PMID: 27094007.
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    67. Ojalvo AG, Acosta JB, Marí YM, Mayola MF, Pérez CV, Gutiérrez WS, Marichal II, Seijas EÁ, Kautzman AM, Pacheco AE, Armstrong DG. Healing enhancement of diabetic wounds by locally infiltrated epidermal growth factor is associated with systemic oxidative stress reduction. Int Wound J. 2017 Feb; 14(1):214-225. PMID: 27002919.
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    68. Bus SA, Armstrong DG, van Deursen RW, Lewis JE, Caravaggi CF, Cavanagh PR. IWGDF guidance on footwear and offloading interventions to prevent and heal foot ulcers in patients with diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2016 Jan; 32 Suppl 1:25-36. PMID: 26813614.
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    69. Bus SA, van Deursen RW, Armstrong DG, Lewis JE, Caravaggi CF, Cavanagh PR. Footwear and offloading interventions to prevent and heal foot ulcers and reduce plantar pressure in patients with diabetes: a systematic review. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2016 Jan; 32 Suppl 1:99-118. PMID: 26342178.
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    70. Armstrong DG, Kleidermacher DN, Klonoff DC, Slepian MJ. Cybersecurity Regulation of Wireless Devices for Performance and Assurance in the Age of "Medjacking". J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2015 Aug 27; 10(2):435-8. PMID: 26319227.
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    71. Toosizadeh N, Mohler J, Armstrong DG, Talal TK, Najafi B. The influence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy on local postural muscle and central sensory feedback balance control. PLoS One. 2015; 10(8):e0135255. PMID: 26258497.
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    72. Skrepnek GH, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. A Diabetic Emergency One Million Feet Long: Disparities and Burdens of Illness among Diabetic Foot Ulcer Cases within Emergency Departments in the United States, 2006-2010. PLoS One. 2015; 10(8):e0134914. PMID: 26248037.
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    73. Miller JD, Carter E, Shih J, Giovinco NA, Boulton AJ, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. Erratum. J Fam Pract. 2015 Aug; 64(8):452. PMID: 26485265.
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    74. Armstrong DG, Hurwitz BL, Lipsky BA. Set Phages to Stun: Reducing the Virulence of Staphylococcus aureus in Diabetic Foot Ulcers. Diabetes. 2015 Aug; 64(8):2701-3. PMID: 26207033.
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    75. Landorf KB, Menz HB, Armstrong DG, Herbert RD. Methodological quality of randomized trials published in the Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 1999-2013. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2015 Jul; 105(4):320-9. PMID: 26218154.
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    76. Lew EJ, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. The deteriorating DFU: prioritising risk factors to avoid amputation. J Wound Care. 2015 May; 24(5 Suppl 2):31-7. PMID: 26079165.
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    77. Armstrong DG, Bohn G, Glat P, Kavros SJ, Kirsner R, Snyder R, Tettelbach W. Expert Recommendations for the Use of Hypochlorous Solution: Science and Clinical Application. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2015 May; 61(5):S2-S19. PMID: 28692424.
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    78. Grek CL, Prasad GM, Viswanathan V, Armstrong DG, Gourdie RG, Ghatnekar GS. Topical administration of a connexin43-based peptide augments healing of chronic neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers: A multicenter, randomized trial. Wound Repair Regen. 2015 Mar-Apr; 23(2):203-12. PMID: 25703647.
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    79. Quinton TR, Lazzarini PA, Boyle FM, Russell AW, Armstrong DG. How do Australian podiatrists manage patients with diabetes? The Australian diabetic foot management survey. J Foot Ankle Res. 2015; 8:16. PMID: 25908944.
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    80. Grewal GS, Schwenk M, Lee-Eng J, Parvaneh S, Bharara M, Menzies RA, Talal TK, Armstrong DG, Najafi B. Sensor-Based Interactive Balance Training with Visual Joint Movement Feedback for Improving Postural Stability in Diabetics with Peripheral Neuropathy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Gerontology. 2015; 61(6):567-74. PMID: 25721132.
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    81. Zhan LX, Branco BC, Armstrong DG, Mills JL. The Society for Vascular Surgery lower extremity threatened limb classification system based on Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) correlates with risk of major amputation and time to wound healing. J Vasc Surg. 2015 Apr; 61(4):939-44. PMID: 25656592.
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    82. Marston WA, Armstrong DG, Reyzelman AM, Kirsner RS. A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Treatment of Venous Leg Ulcers Using Mechanically Versus Electrically Powered Negative Pressure Wound Therapy. Adv Wound Care (New Rochelle). 2015 Feb 01; 4(2):75-82. PMID: 25713749.
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    83. Miller JD, Carter E, Hatch DC, Zhubrak M, Giovinco NA, Armstrong DG. Use of collagenase ointment in conjunction with negative pressure wound therapy in the care of diabetic wounds: a case series of six patients. Diabet Foot Ankle. 2015; 6:24999. PMID: 25630362.
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    84. Miller JD, Rankin TM, Hua NT, Ontiveros T, Giovinco NA, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. Reduction of pain via platelet-rich plasma in split-thickness skin graft donor sites: a series of matched pairs. Diabet Foot Ankle. 2015; 6:24972. PMID: 25623477.
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    85. Spichler A, Hurwitz BL, Armstrong DG, Lipsky BA. Microbiology of diabetic foot infections: from Louis Pasteur to 'crime scene investigation'. BMC Med. 2015 Jan 07; 13:2. PMID: 25564342.
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    86. Sibbald RG, Mufti A, Armstrong DG. Infrared skin thermometry: an underutilized cost-effective tool for routine wound care practice and patient high-risk diabetic foot self-monitoring. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2015 Jan; 28(1):37-44; quiz 45-6. PMID: 25502975.
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    87. Miller JD, Carter E, Shih J, Giovinco NA, Boulton AJ, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. How to do a 3-minute diabetic foot exam. J Fam Pract. 2014 Nov; 63(11):646-56. PMID: 25362495.
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    88. Miller J, Armstrong DG. Offloading the diabetic and ischemic foot: solutions for the vascular specialist. Semin Vasc Surg. 2014 Mar; 27(1):68-74. PMID: 25812760.
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    89. Giovinco NA, Sutton SM, Miller JD, Rankin TM, Gonzalez GW, Najafi B, Armstrong DG. A passing glance? Differences in eye tracking and gaze patterns between trainees and experts reading plain film bunion radiographs. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2015 May-Jun; 54(3):382-91. PMID: 25441848.
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    90. Skrepnek GH, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. Foot-in-wallet disease: tripped up by "cost-saving" reductions? Diabetes Care. 2014 Sep; 37(9):e196-7. PMID: 25147261.
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    91. Miller JD, Salloum M, Button A, Giovinco NA, Armstrong DG. How can I maintain my patient with diabetes and history of foot ulcer in remission? Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2014 Dec; 13(4):371-7. PMID: 25143315.
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    92. Ghatnekar GS, Grek CL, Armstrong DG, Desai SC, Gourdie RG. The effect of a connexin43-based Peptide on the healing of chronic venous leg ulcers: a multicenter, randomized trial. J Invest Dermatol. 2015 Jan; 135(1):289-298. PMID: 25072595.
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    93. Skrepnek GH, Armstrong DG, Mills JL. Open bypass and endovascular procedures among diabetic foot ulcer cases in the United States from 2001 to 2010. J Vasc Surg. 2014 Nov; 60(5):1255-1265. PMID: 25017514.
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    94. Armstrong DG, Hanft JR, Driver VR, Smith AP, Lazaro-Martinez JL, Reyzelman AM, Furst GJ, Vayser DJ, Cervantes HL, Snyder RJ, Moore MF, May PE, Nelson JL, Baggs GE, Voss AC. Effect of oral nutritional supplementation on wound healing in diabetic foot ulcers: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Diabet Med. 2014 Sep; 31(9):1069-77. PMID: 24867069.
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    95. Armstrong DG, Rankin TM, Giovinco NA, Mills JL, Matsuoka Y. A heads-up display for diabetic limb salvage surgery: a view through the google looking glass. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2014 Sep; 8(5):951-6. PMID: 24876445.
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    96. Berlanga-Acosta J, Armstrong DG, Schultz GS, Herrera-Martinez L. Chronic wounds with emphasis in diabetic foot ulcers. Biomed Res Int. 2014; 2014:890352. PMID: 24757682.
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    97. Isaac AL, Rose J, Armstrong DG. Mechanically powered negative pressure wound therapy as a bolster for skin grafting. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2014 Feb; 2(2):e103. PMID: 25289297.
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    98. Rankin TM, Giovinco NA, Cucher DJ, Watts G, Hurwitz B, Armstrong DG. Three-dimensional printing surgical instruments: are we there yet? J Surg Res. 2014 Jun 15; 189(2):193-7. PMID: 24721602.
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    99. Rose JF, Giovinco N, Mills JL, Najafi B, Pappalardo J, Armstrong DG. Split-thickness skin grafting the high-risk diabetic foot. J Vasc Surg. 2014 Jun; 59(6):1657-63. PMID: 24518607.
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    100. Alavi A, Sibbald RG, Mayer D, Goodman L, Botros M, Armstrong DG, Woo K, Boeni T, Ayello EA, Kirsner RS. Diabetic foot ulcers: Part I. Pathophysiology and prevention. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Jan; 70(1):1.e1-18; quiz 19-20. PMID: 24355275.
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    101. Alavi A, Sibbald RG, Mayer D, Goodman L, Botros M, Armstrong DG, Woo K, Boeni T, Ayello EA, Kirsner RS. Diabetic foot ulcers: Part II. Management. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Jan; 70(1):21.e1-24; quiz 45-6. PMID: 24355276.
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    102. Najafi B, de Bruin ED, Reeves ND, Armstrong DG, Menz HB. The role of podiatry in the prevention of falls in older people: a JAPMA special issue. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2013 Nov-Dec; 103(6):452-6. PMID: 24297980.
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    103. Fujii M, Armstrong DG, Armsrong DG, Terashi H. Efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosing diabetic foot osteomyelitis in the presence of ischemia. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2013 Nov-Dec; 52(6):717-23. PMID: 24160720.
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    104. Schwenk M, Jordan ED, Honarvararaghi B, Mohler J, Armstrong DG, Najafi B. Effectiveness of foot and ankle exercise programs on reducing the risk of falling in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2013 Nov-Dec; 103(6):534-47. PMID: 24297989.
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    105. Grewal GS, Sayeed R, Schwenk M, Bharara M, Menzies R, Talal TK, Armstrong DG, Najafi B. Balance rehabilitation: promoting the role of virtual reality in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2013 Nov-Dec; 103(6):498-507. PMID: 24297986.
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    106. Mills JL, Conte MS, Armstrong DG, Pomposelli FB, Schanzer A, Sidawy AN, Andros G. The Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Threatened Limb Classification System: risk stratification based on wound, ischemia, and foot infection (WIfI). J Vasc Surg. 2014 Jan; 59(1):220-34.e1-2. PMID: 24126108.
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    107. Barshes NR, Sigireddi M, Wrobel JS, Mahankali A, Robbins JM, Kougias P, Armstrong DG. The system of care for the diabetic foot: objectives, outcomes, and opportunities. Diabet Foot Ankle. 2013 Oct 10; 4. PMID: 24130936.
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    108. Liu RW, Armstrong DG, Levine AD, Gilmore A, Thompson GH, Cooperman DR. An anatomic study of the distal femoral epiphysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Oct-Nov; 33(7):743-9. PMID: 23812155.
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    109. Wukich DK, Armstrong DG, Attinger CE, Boulton AJ, Burns PR, Frykberg RG, Hellman R, Kim PJ, Lipsky BA, Pile JC, Pinzur MS, Siminerio L. Inpatient management of diabetic foot disorders: a clinical guide. Diabetes Care. 2013 Sep; 36(9):2862-71. PMID: 23970716.
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    110. Najafi B, Armstrong DG, Mohler J. Novel wearable technology for assessing spontaneous daily physical activity and risk of falling in older adults with diabetes. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2013 Sep 01; 7(5):1147-60. PMID: 24124940.
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    111. Zhubrak MS, Fisher TK, Armstrong DG. Pedal pathology potentiated by personal pedicure procedures in the presence of painless peripheral neuropathy. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2013 Sep-Oct; 103(5):448-50. PMID: 24072378.
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    112. Armstrong DG, Kanda VA, Lavery LA, Marston W, Mills JL, Boulton AJ. Mind the gap: disparity between research funding and costs of care for diabetic foot ulcers. Diabetes Care. 2013 Jul; 36(7):1815-7. PMID: 23801792.
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    113. Armstrong DG, Mills JL. Author’s response. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2013 Jul-Aug; 103(4):344. PMID: 24040678.
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    114. Isaac AL, Armstrong DG. Negative pressure wound therapy and other new therapies for diabetic foot ulceration: the current state of play. Med Clin North Am. 2013 Sep; 97(5):899-909. PMID: 23992900.
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    115. Morbach S, Icks A, Rümenapf G, Armstrong DG. Comment on: Bernstein. Reducing foot wounds in diabetes. Diabetes Care 2013;36:e48. Diabetes Care. 2013 Apr; 36(4):e62. PMID: 23520386.
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    116. Liu RW, Armstrong DG, Levine AD, Gilmore A, Thompson GH, Cooperman DR. An anatomic study of the epiphyseal tubercle and its importance in the pathogenesis of slipped capital femoral epiphysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Mar 20; 95(6):e341-8. PMID: 23515995.
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    117. Armstrong DG, Mills JL. Toward a change in syntax in diabetic foot care: prevention equals remission. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2013 Mar-Apr; 103(2):161-2. PMID: 23536510.
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    118. Braun JD, Trinidad-Hernandez M, Perry D, Armstrong DG, Mills JL. Early quantitative evaluation of indocyanine green angiography in patients with critical limb ischemia. J Vasc Surg. 2013 May; 57(5):1213-8. PMID: 23352361.
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    119. Lipsky BA, Berendt AR, Cornia PB, Pile JC, Peters EJ, Armstrong DG, Deery HG, Embil JM, Joseph WS, Karchmer AW, Pinzur MS, Senneville E. 2012 infectious diseases society of america clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2013 Jan-Feb; 103(1):2-7. PMID: 23328846.
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    120. Berlanga-Acosta J, Mendoza-Mari Y, Martínez MD, Valdés-Perez C, Ojalvo AG, Armstrong DG. Expression of cell proliferation cycle negative regulators in fibroblasts of an ischemic diabetic foot ulcer. A clinical case report. Int Wound J. 2013 Apr; 10(2):232-6. PMID: 23194110.
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    121. Fiorito J, Trinidad-Hernadez M, Leykum B, Smith D, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. A tale of two soles: sociomechanical and biomechanical considerations in diabetic limb salvage and amputation decision-making in the worst of times. Diabet Foot Ankle. 2012; 3. PMID: 23050063.
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    122. Armstrong DG, Bharara M, White M, Lepow B, Bhatnagar S, Fisher T, Kimbriel HR, Walters J, Goshima KR, Hughes J, Mills JL. The impact and outcomes of establishing an integrated interdisciplinary surgical team to care for the diabetic foot. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2012 Sep; 28(6):514-8. PMID: 22431496.
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    123. Armstrong DG, Andros G. Use of negative pressure wound therapy to help facilitate limb preservation. Int Wound J. 2012 Aug; 9 Suppl 1:1-7. PMID: 22727134.
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    124. Zhan LX, Bharara M, White M, Bhatnagar S, Lepow B, Armstrong DG, Mills JL. Comparison of initial hemodynamic response after endovascular therapy and open surgical bypass in patients with diabetes mellitus and critical limb ischemia. J Vasc Surg. 2012 Aug; 56(2):380-6; discussion 386. PMID: 22840897.
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    125. Najafi B, Wrobel JS, Grewal G, Menzies RA, Talal TK, Zirie M, Armstrong DG. Plantar Temperature Response to Walking in Diabetes with and without Acute Charcot: The Charcot Activity Response Test. J Aging Res. 2012; 2012:140968. PMID: 22900177.
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    126. Morbach S, Furchert H, Gröblinghoff U, Hoffmeier H, Kersten K, Klauke GT, Klemp U, Roden T, Icks A, Haastert B, Rümenapf G, Abbas ZG, Bharara M, Armstrong DG. Long-term prognosis of diabetic foot patients and their limbs: amputation and death over the course of a decade. Diabetes Care. 2012 Oct; 35(10):2021-7. PMID: 22815299.
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    127. Armstrong DG, Fiorito JL, Leykum BJ, Mills JL. Clinical efficacy of the pan metatarsal head resection as a curative procedure in patients with diabetes mellitus and neuropathic forefoot wounds. Foot Ankle Spec. 2012 Aug; 5(4):235-40. PMID: 22715496.
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    128. Balingit PP, Armstrong DG, Reyzelman AM, Bolton L, Verco SJ, Rodgers KE, Nigh KA, diZerega GS. NorLeu3-A(1-7) stimulation of diabetic foot ulcer healing: results of a randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2 clinical trial. Wound Repair Regen. 2012 Jul-Aug; 20(4):482-90. PMID: 22672145.
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    129. Lipsky BA, Berendt AR, Cornia PB, Pile JC, Peters EJ, Armstrong DG, Deery HG, Embil JM, Joseph WS, Karchmer AW, Pinzur MS, Senneville E. Executive summary: 2012 Infectious Diseases Society of America clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun; 54(12):1679-84. PMID: 22619239.
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    130. Lipsky BA, Berendt AR, Cornia PB, Pile JC, Peters EJ, Armstrong DG, Deery HG, Embil JM, Joseph WS, Karchmer AW, Pinzur MS, Senneville E. 2012 Infectious Diseases Society of America clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun; 54(12):e132-73. PMID: 22619242.
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    131. Grewal G, Sayeed R, Yeschek S, Menzies RA, Talal TK, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Najafi B. Virtualizing the assessment: a novel pragmatic paradigm to evaluate lower extremity joint perception in diabetes. Gerontology. 2012; 58(5):463-71. PMID: 22572476.
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    132. Armstrong DG, Marston WA, Reyzelman AM, Kirsner RS. Comparative effectiveness of mechanically and electrically powered negative pressure wound therapy devices: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Wound Repair Regen. 2012 May-Jun; 20(3):332-41. PMID: 22564228.
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    133. Giovinco NA, Dunn SP, Dowling L, Smith C, Trowell L, Ruch JA, Armstrong DG. A novel combination of printed 3-dimensional anatomic templates and computer-assisted surgical simulation for virtual preoperative planning in Charcot foot reconstruction. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2012 May-Jun; 51(3):387-93. PMID: 22366474.
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    134. Jensen B, Leykum B, Fiorito J, Woodruff D, Bharara M, Armstrong DG. Adventitious bursae underlying chronic wounds: another possible deterrent to healing. Eplasty. 2012; 12:e14. PMID: 22389747.
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    135. Lowery NJ, Woods JB, Armstrong DG, Wukich DK. Surgical management of Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot and ankle: a systematic review. Foot Ankle Int. 2012 Feb; 33(2):113-21. PMID: 22381342.
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    136. Bharara M, Schoess J, Armstrong DG. Coming events cast their shadows before: detecting inflammation in the acute diabetic foot and the foot in remission. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2012 Feb; 28 Suppl 1:15-20. PMID: 22271717.
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    137. Game FL, Hinchliffe RJ, Apelqvist J, Armstrong DG, Bakker K, Hartemann A, Löndahl M, Price PE, Jeffcoate WJ. A systematic review of interventions to enhance the healing of chronic ulcers of the foot in diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2012 Feb; 28 Suppl 1:119-41. PMID: 22271737.
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    138. Game FL, Hinchliffe RJ, Apelqvist J, Armstrong DG, Bakker K, Hartemann A, Löndahl M, Price PE, Jeffcoate WJ. Specific guidelines on wound and wound-bed management 2011. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2012 Feb; 28 Suppl 1:232-3. PMID: 22271743.
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    139. Bharara M, Najafi B, Armstrong DG. Methodology for use of a neuroprosthetic to reduce plantar pressure: applications in patients with diabetic foot disease. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2012 Jan 01; 6(1):222-4. PMID: 22401344.
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    140. Fisher TK, Armstrong DG. Your annual comprehensive foot exam. Diabetes Self Manag. 2012 Jan-Feb; 29(1):42-4. PMID: 22479811.
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    141. Perry D, Bharara M, Armstrong DG, Mills J. Intraoperative fluorescence vascular angiography: during tibial bypass. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2012 Jan 01; 6(1):204-8. PMID: 22401340.
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    142. Armstrong DG, Cohen K, Courric S, Bharara M, Marston W. Diabetic foot ulcers and vascular insufficiency: our population has changed, but our methods have not. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2011 Nov 01; 5(6):1591-5. PMID: 22226282.
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    143. Rogers LC, Frykberg RG, Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ, Edmonds M, Van GH, Hartemann A, Game F, Jeffcoate W, Jirkovska A, Jude E, Morbach S, Morrison WB, Pinzur M, Pitocco D, Sanders L, Wukich DK, Uccioli L. The Charcot foot in diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2011 Sep; 34(9):2123-9. PMID: 21868781.
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    144. Rogers LC, Frykberg RG, Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ, Edmonds M, Van GH, Hartemann A, Game F, Jeffcoate W, Jirkovska A, Jude E, Morbach S, Morrison WB, Pinzur M, Pitocco D, Sanders L, Wukich DK, Uccioli L. The Charcot foot in diabetes. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2011 Sep-Oct; 101(5):437-46. PMID: 21957276.
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    145. Neiderer K, Walters J, Armstrong DG, Inhat D, Kimbriel H. Feasibility, safety, and primary efficacy of DermaStream: a novel continuously streaming device for chronic wounds. Foot Ankle Spec. 2011 Aug; 4(4):222-5. PMID: 21868795.
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    146. Armstrong DG. An overview of foot infections in diabetes. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2011 Sep; 13(9):951-7. PMID: 21631279.
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    147. Fleischer AE, Wrobel JS, Leonards A, Berg S, Evans DP, Baron RL, Armstrong DG. Post-treatment leukocytosis predicts an unfavorable clinical response in patients with moderate to severe diabetic foot infections. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2011 Sep-Oct; 50(5):541-6. PMID: 21621432.
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    148. Armstrong DG, Giovinco N, Mills JL, Rogers LC. FaceTime for Physicians: Using Real Time Mobile Phone-Based Videoconferencing to Augment Diagnosis and Care in Telemedicine. Eplasty. 2011 May 03; 11:e23. PMID: 21559249.
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    149. Bowling FL, Crews RT, Salgami E, Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ. The use of superoxidized aqueous solution versus saline as a replacement solution in the versajet lavage system in chronic diabetic foot ulcers: a pilot study. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2011 Mar-Apr; 101(2):124-6. PMID: 21406695.
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    150. Armstrong DG, Marston WA, Reyzelman AM, Kirsner RS. Comparison of negative pressure wound therapy with an ultraportable mechanically powered device vs. traditional electrically powered device for the treatment of chronic lower extremity ulcers: a multicenter randomized-controlled trial. Wound Repair Regen. 2011 Mar-Apr; 19(2):173-80. PMID: 21362084.
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    151. Frykberg RG, Driver VR, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Isenberg RA. ????????????????The use of pulsed radio frequency energy therapy in treating lower extremity wounds: results of a retrospective study of a wound registry. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2011 Mar; 57(3):22-9. PMID: 21422480.
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    152. Armstrong DG, Giovinco NA. Diagnostics, theragnostics, and the personal health server: fundamental milestones in technology with revolutionary changes in diabetic foot and wound care to come. Foot Ankle Spec. 2011 Feb; 4(1):54-60. PMID: 21364176.
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    153. Wukich DK, Sung W, Wipf SA, Armstrong DG. The consequences of complacency: managing the effects of unrecognized Charcot feet. Diabet Med. 2011 Feb; 28(2):195-8. PMID: 21219429.
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    154. Armstrong DG. Discussion. Update on negative-pressure wound therapy. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 Jan; 127 Suppl 1:116S. PMID: 21200281.
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    155. Gabbay RA, Kaul S, Ulbrecht J, Scheffler NM, Armstrong DG. Motivational interviewing by podiatric physicians: a method for improving patient self-care of the diabetic foot. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2011 Jan-Feb; 101(1):78-84. PMID: 21242475.
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    156. Fisher TK, Scimeca CL, Bharara M, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. A stepwise approach for surgical management of diabetic foot infections. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2010 Sep-Oct; 100(5):401-5. PMID: 20847354.
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    157. Rogers LC, Andros G, Caporusso J, Harkless LB, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. Toe and flow: essential components and structure of the amputation prevention team. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2010 Sep-Oct; 100(5):342-8. PMID: 20847347.
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    158. Wu SC, Marston W, Armstrong DG. Wound care: the role of advanced wound healing technologies. J Vasc Surg. 2010 Sep; 52(3 Suppl):59S-66S. PMID: 20804934.
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    159. Fisher TK, Scimeca CL, Bharara M, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. A step-wise approach for surgical management of diabetic foot infections. J Vasc Surg. 2010 Sep; 52(3 Suppl):72S-75S. PMID: 20804936.
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    160. Wu SC, Marston W, Armstrong DG. Wound care: the role of advanced wound-healing technologies. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2010 Sep-Oct; 100(5):385-94. PMID: 20847352.
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    161. Scimeca CL, Bharara M, Fisher TK, Kimbriel H, Armstrong DG. Novel use of platelet-rich plasma to augment curative diabetic foot surgery. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010 Sep 01; 4(5):1121-6. PMID: 20920431.
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    162. Rogers LC, Andros G, Caporusso J, Harkless LB, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. Toe and flow: essential components and structure of the amputation prevention team. J Vasc Surg. 2010 Sep; 52(3 Suppl):23S-27S. PMID: 20804929.
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    163. Mills JL, Armstrong DG, Andros G. Rescuing sisyphus: the team approach to amputation prevention. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2010 Sep-Oct; 100(5):315-6. PMID: 20847344.
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    164. Mills JL, Armstrong DG, Andros G. Rescuing Sisyphus: the team approach to amputation prevention. J Vasc Surg. 2010 Sep; 52(3 Suppl):1S-2S. PMID: 20804926.
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    165. Scimeca CL, Bharara M, Fisher TK, Kimbriel H, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. An update on pharmacological interventions for diabetic foot ulcers. Foot Ankle Spec. 2010 Oct; 3(5):285-302. PMID: 20685955.
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    166. Sumpio BE, Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Andros G. The role of interdisciplinary team approach in the management of the diabetic foot: a joint statement from the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Podiatric Medical Association. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2010 Jul-Aug; 100(4):309-11. PMID: 20660885.
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    167. Biswas A, Bharara M, Hurst C, Armstrong DG, Rilo H. The micrograft concept for wound healing: strategies and applications. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010 Jul 01; 4(4):808-19. PMID: 20663442.
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    168. Scimeca CL, Bharara M, Fisher TK, Kimbriel H, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. Novel use of insulin in continuous-instillation negative pressure wound therapy as "wound chemotherapy". J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010 Jul 01; 4(4):820-4. PMID: 20663443.
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    169. Bharara M, Schoess J, Nouvong A, Armstrong DG. Wound inflammatory index: a "proof of concept" study to assess wound healing trajectory. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010 Jul 01; 4(4):773-9. PMID: 20663437.
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    170. Rogers LC, Bevilacqua NJ, Armstrong DG, Andros G. Digital planimetry results in more accurate wound measurements: a comparison to standard ruler measurements. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010 Jul 01; 4(4):799-802. PMID: 20663440.
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    171. Bowling FL, Metcalfe SA, Wu S, Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG. Liquid silicone to mitigate plantar pedal pressure: a literature review. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010 Jul 01; 4(4):846-52. PMID: 20663447.
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    172. Scimeca CL, Bharara M, Fisher TK, Giovinco N, Armstrong DG. Novel use of doxycycline in continuous-instillation negative pressure wound therapy as "wound chemotherapy". Foot Ankle Spec. 2010 Aug; 3(4):190-3. PMID: 20530632.
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    173. Scimeca CL, Fisher TK, Bharara M, Armstrong DG. Chronic, painful lower extremity wounds: postoperative pain management through the use of continuous infusion of regional anaesthesia supplied by a portable pump device. Int Wound J. 2010 Jun; 7(3):195-8. PMID: 20602650.
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    174. Sumpio BE, Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Andros G. The role of interdisciplinary team approach in the management of the diabetic foot: a joint statement from the Society for Vascular Surgery and the American Podiatric Medical Association. J Vasc Surg. 2010 Jun; 51(6):1504-6. PMID: 20488327.
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    175. Fisher TK, Wolcott R, Wolk DM, Bharara M, Kimbriel HR, Armstrong DG. Diabetic foot infections: A need for innovative assessments. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2010 Mar; 9(1):31-6. PMID: 20207621.
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    176. Giovinco NA, Bui TD, Fisher T, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. Wound chemotherapy by the use of negative pressure wound therapy and infusion. Eplasty. 2010 Jan 08; 10:e9. PMID: 20090841.
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    177. Najafi B, Crews RT, Armstrong DG, Rogers LC, Aminian K, Wrobel J. Can we predict outcome of surgical reconstruction of Charcot neuroarthropathy by dynamic plantar pressure assessment?--A proof of concept study. Gait Posture. 2010 Jan; 31(1):87-92. PMID: 19836956.
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    178. Wrobel JS, Chagares W, Stuck RM, Weaver F, Crews RT, Rapacki L, Paulson R, Armstrong DG. Creating a diabetes foot reminder-based registry using the electronic medical record. Inform Prim Care. 2010; 18(4):283-7. PMID: 22040855.
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    179. Armstrong DG. Manuka honey improved wound healing in patients with sloughy venous leg ulcers. Evid Based Med. 2009 Oct; 14(5):148. PMID: 19794023.
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    180. Armstrong DG. Common foot problems and their solutions. Diabetes Self Manag. 2009 Sep-Oct; 26(5):64-7. PMID: 19873817.
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    181. Clark J, Bharara M, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. Letter: use of cotton cast padding instead of gauze wrap as a secondary dressing for high-risk wounds. Int Wound J. 2009 Aug; 6(4):303-5. PMID: 19719527.
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    182. Clark J, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. A method of external fixation to offload and protect the foot following reconstruction in high-risk patients: the SALSAstand. Eplasty. 2009 Jun 04; 9:e21. PMID: 19578534.
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    183. Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ, Andros G, Attinger C, Eisenbud D, Lavery LA, Lipsky BA, Mills JL, Sibbald G, Smith AP, Wukich D, Margolis DJ. Defining success in clinical trials of diabetic foot wounds: the Los Angeles DFCon consensus. Int Wound J. 2009 Jun; 6(3):211-3. PMID: 19538193.
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    184. Griffis CD, Metcalfe S, Bowling FL, Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG. The use of gentamycin-impregnated foam in the management of diabetic foot infections: a promising delivery system? Expert Opin Drug Deliv. 2009 Jun; 6(6):639-42. PMID: 19519289.
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    185. Bowling FL, Stickings DS, Edwards-Jones V, Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ. Hydrodebridement of wounds: effectiveness in reducing wound bacterial contamination and potential for air bacterial contamination. J Foot Ankle Res. 2009 May 08; 2:13. PMID: 19426486.
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    186. Fitzgerald RH, Mills JL, Joseph W, Armstrong DG. The diabetic rapid response acute foot team: 7 essential skills for targeted limb salvage. Eplasty. 2009; 9:e15. PMID: 19436764.
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    187. Cardinal M, Eisenbud DE, Armstrong DG, Zelen C, Driver V, Attinger C, Phillips T, Harding K. Serial surgical debridement: a retrospective study on clinical outcomes in chronic lower extremity wounds. Wound Repair Regen. 2009 May-Jun; 17(3):306-11. PMID: 19660037.
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    188. Reyzelman A, Crews RT, Moore JC, Moore L, Mukker JS, Offutt S, Tallis A, Turner WB, Vayser D, Winters C, Armstrong DG. Clinical effectiveness of an acellular dermal regenerative tissue matrix compared to standard wound management in healing diabetic foot ulcers: a prospective, randomised, multicentre study. Int Wound J. 2009 Jun; 6(3):196-208. PMID: 19368581.
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    189. Fitzgerald RH, Bharara M, Mills JL, Armstrong DG. Use of a Nanoflex powder dressing for wound management following debridement for necrotising fasciitis in the diabetic foot. Int Wound J. 2009 Apr; 6(2):133-9. PMID: 19432662.
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    190. Cardinal M, Phillips T, Eisenbud DE, Harding K, Mansbridge J, Armstrong DG. Nonlinear modeling of venous leg ulcer healing rates. BMC Dermatol. 2009 Mar 31; 9:2. PMID: 19335882.
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    191. Crews RT, Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ. A method for assessing off-loading compliance. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2009 Mar-Apr; 99(2):100-3. PMID: 19299344.
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    192. Cardinal M, Eisenbud DE, Armstrong DG. Wound shape geometry measurements correlate to eventual wound healing. Wound Repair Regen. 2009 Mar-Apr; 17(2):173-8. PMID: 19320884.
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    193. Bharara M, Mills JL, Suresh K, Rilo HL, Armstrong DG. Diabetes and landmine-related amputations: a call to arms to save limbs. Int Wound J. 2009 Feb; 6(1):2-3. PMID: 19291109.
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    194. Lavery LA, Peters EJ, Armstrong DG, Wendel CS, Murdoch DP, Lipsky BA. Risk factors for developing osteomyelitis in patients with diabetic foot wounds. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2009 Mar; 83(3):347-52. PMID: 19117631.
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    195. Rogers LC, Armstrong DG. Pregabalin for painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Jan; 5(1):14-5. PMID: 19015648.
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    196. Fleischer AE, Didyk AA, Woods JB, Burns SE, Wrobel JS, Armstrong DG. Combined clinical and laboratory testing improves diagnostic accuracy for osteomyelitis in the diabetic foot. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2009 Jan-Feb; 48(1):39-46. PMID: 19110158.
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    197. Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG, Albert SF, Frykberg RG, Hellman R, Kirkman MS, Lavery LA, LeMaster JW, Mills JL, Mueller MJ, Sheehan P, Wukich DK. Comprehensive foot examination and risk assessment. A report of the Task Force of the Foot Care Interest Group of the American Diabetes Association, with endorsement by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Phys Ther. 2008 Nov; 88(11):1436-43. PMID: 19137633.
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    198. Armstrong DG, Ayello EA, Capitulo KL, Fowler E, Krasner DL, Levine JM, Sibbald RG, Smith AP. New opportunities to improve pressure ulcer prevention and treatment: implications of the CMS inpatient hospital care present on admission indicators/hospital-acquired conditions policy: a consensus paper from the International Expert Wound Care Advisory Panel. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2008 Oct; 21(10):469-78. PMID: 18836326.
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    199. Armstrong DG, Ayello EA, Capitulo KL, Fowler E, Krasner DL, Levine JM, Sibbald RG, Smith AP. New opportunities to improve pressure ulcer prevention and treatment: implications of the CMS inpatient hospital care Present on Admission (POA) indicators/hospital-acquired conditions (HAC) policy. A consensus paper from the International Expert Wound Care Advisory Panel. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2008 Sep-Oct; 35(5):485-92. PMID: 18794700.
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    200. Aragón-Sánchez FJ, Cabrera-Galván JJ, Quintana-Marrero Y, Hernández-Herrero MJ, Lázaro-Martínez JL, García-Morales E, Beneit-Montesinos JV, Armstrong DG. Outcomes of surgical treatment of diabetic foot osteomyelitis: a series of 185 patients with histopathological confirmation of bone involvement. Diabetologia. 2008 Nov; 51(11):1962-70. PMID: 18719880.
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    201. Wu SC, Jensen JL, Weber AK, Robinson DE, Armstrong DG. Use of pressure offloading devices in diabetic foot ulcers: do we practice what we preach? Diabetes Care. 2008 Nov; 31(11):2118-9. PMID: 18694976.
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    202. Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG, Albert SF, Frykberg RG, Hellman R, Kirkman MS, Lavery LA, Lemaster JW, Mills JL, Mueller MJ, Sheehan P, Wukich DK. Comprehensive foot examination and risk assessment: a report of the task force of the foot care interest group of the American Diabetes Association, with endorsement by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Diabetes Care. 2008 Aug; 31(8):1679-85. PMID: 18663232.
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    203. Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG, Albert SF, Frykberg RG, Hellman R, Kirkman MS, Lavery LA, LeMaster JW, Mills JL, Mueller MJ, Sheehan P, Wukich DK. Comprehensive foot examination and risk assessment. Endocr Pract. 2008 Jul-Aug; 14(5):576-83. PMID: 18753100.
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    204. Rogers LC, Bevilacqua NJ, Malik RA, Armstrong DG. Neuropathy in diabetes: not a knee-jerk diagnosis. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2008 Jul-Aug; 98(4):322-5. PMID: 18685055.
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    205. Klein EE, Crews RT, Wu SC, Wrobel JS, Armstrong DG. CLEAR Cleat: a proof-of-concept trial of an aerobic activity facilitator to reduce plantar forefoot pressures and their potential in those with foot ulcers. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2008 Jul-Aug; 98(4):261-7. PMID: 18685045.
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    206. Wu SC, Crews RT, Zelen C, Wrobel JS, Armstrong DG. Use of chlorhexidine-impregnated patch at pin site to reduce local morbidity: the ChIPPS Pilot Trial. Int Wound J. 2008 Jun; 5(3):416-22. PMID: 18205786.
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    207. Lavery LA, Peters EJ, Armstrong DG. What are the most effective interventions in preventing diabetic foot ulcers? Int Wound J. 2008 Jun; 5(3):425-33. PMID: 18593392.
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    208. Wu SC, Armstrong DG. Clinical outcome of diabetic foot ulcers treated with negative pressure wound therapy and the transition from acute care to home care. Int Wound J. 2008 Jun; 5 Suppl 2:10-6. PMID: 18577133.
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    209. Armstrong DG, Bluman EM, Gould L, Zgonis T. Wound care. Foot Ankle Spec. 2008 Jun; 1(3):177-9. PMID: 19825713.
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    210. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Wrobel JS, Vileikyte L. Quality of life in healing diabetic wounds: does the end justify the means? J Foot Ankle Surg. 2008 Jul-Aug; 47(4):278-82. PMID: 18590888.
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    211. Wrobel JS, Armstrong DG. Reliability and validity of current physical examination techniques of the foot and ankle. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2008 May-Jun; 98(3):197-206. PMID: 18487593.
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    212. Bevilacqua NJ, Rogers LC, Armstrong DG. Diabetic foot surgery: classifying patients to predict complications. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2008 May-Jun; 24 Suppl 1:S81-3. PMID: 18357584.
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    213. Bus SA, Valk GD, van Deursen RW, Armstrong DG, Caravaggi C, Hlavácek P, Bakker K, Cavanagh PR. The effectiveness of footwear and offloading interventions to prevent and heal foot ulcers and reduce plantar pressure in diabetes: a systematic review. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2008 May-Jun; 24 Suppl 1:S162-80. PMID: 18442178.
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    214. Hinchliffe RJ, Valk GD, Apelqvist J, Armstrong DG, Bakker K, Game FL, Hartemann-Heurtier A, Löndahl M, Price PE, van Houtum WH, Jeffcoate WJ. A systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions to enhance the healing of chronic ulcers of the foot in diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2008 May-Jun; 24 Suppl 1:S119-44. PMID: 18442185.
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    215. Bus SA, Valk GD, van Deursen RW, Armstrong DG, Caravaggi C, Hlavácek P, Bakker K, Cavanagh PR. Specific guidelines on footwear and offloading. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2008 May-Jun; 24 Suppl 1:S192-3. PMID: 18442186.
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    216. Hinchliffe RJ, Valk GD, Apelqvist J, Armstrong DG, Bakker K, Game FL, Hartemann-Heurtier A, Löndahl M, Price PE, van Houtum WH, Jeffcoate WJ. Specific guidelines on wound and wound-bed management. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2008 May-Jun; 24 Suppl 1:S188-9. PMID: 18442188.
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    217. Apelqvist J, Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Boulton AJ. Resource utilization and economic costs of care based on a randomized trial of vacuum-assisted closure therapy in the treatment of diabetic foot wounds. Am J Surg. 2008 Jun; 195(6):782-8. PMID: 18355797.
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    218. Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG, Baker NR, Rayman G. Diabetic podopathy--no thanks! Diabetologia. 2008 Jun; 51(6):1085-6; author reply 1087. PMID: 18330542.
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    219. Rogers LC, Bevilacqua NJ, Dellacorte MP, Francis K, Armstrong DG. Charcot's arthropathy in a patient with HIV-associated neuropathy. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2008 Mar-Apr; 98(2):153-5. PMID: 18347127.
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    220. Bevilacqua NJ, Dankert JP, Rogers LC, Armstrong DG. A technique to protect external fixation devices. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2008 Mar-Apr; 47(2):172-4. PMID: 18312927.
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    221. Rogers LC, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG. The right to bear legs--an amendment to healthcare: how preventing amputations can save billions for the US Health-care System. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2008 Mar-Apr; 98(2):166-8. PMID: 18348977.
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    222. Rogers LC, Bevilacqua NJ, Armstrong DG. The use of marrow-derived stem cells to accelerate healing in chronic wounds. Int Wound J. 2008 Mar; 5(1):20-5. PMID: 18179555.
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    223. Bevilacqua NJ, Rogers LC, DellaCorte MP, Armstrong DG. The narrowed forefoot at 1 year: an advanced approach for wound closure after central ray amputations. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2008 Jan; 25(1):127-33, viii. PMID: 18165117.
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    224. Rogers LC, Andros G, Armstrong DG. Update from the Diabetic Foot Global Conference (DFCon) 2007. Int Wound J. 2007 Dec; 4(4):295-7. PMID: 18154623.
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    225. Armstrong DG, Wrobel J, Robbins JM. Guest Editorial: are diabetes-related wounds and amputations worse than cancer? Int Wound J. 2007 Dec; 4(4):286-7. PMID: 18154621.
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    226. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG. Temperature monitoring to assess, predict, and prevent diabetic foot complications. Curr Diab Rep. 2007 Dec; 7(6):416-9. PMID: 18255002.
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    227. Armstrong DG, Holtz-Neiderer K, Wendel C, Mohler MJ, Kimbriel HR, Lavery LA. Skin temperature monitoring reduces the risk for diabetic foot ulceration in high-risk patients. Am J Med. 2007 Dec; 120(12):1042-6. PMID: 18060924.
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    228. Armstrong DG. Guest Editorial: time and place-shifting the physical examination: technologies are converging to allow more detailed evaluations of the foot and wound. Int Wound J. 2007 Dec; 4(4):289-90. PMID: 18154622.
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    229. Armstrong DG. Addition of surgical correction to compression therapy reduced recurrences in chronic venous leg ulceration. ACP J Club. 2007 Nov-Dec; 147(3):73. PMID: 17975875.
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    230. Martínez-De Jesús FR, Ramos-De la Medina A, Remes-Troche JM, Armstrong DG, Wu SC, Lázaro Martínez JL, Beneit-Montesinos JV. Efficacy and safety of neutral pH superoxidised solution in severe diabetic foot infections. Int Wound J. 2007 Dec; 4(4):353-62. PMID: 17953678.
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    231. Lavery LA, Barnes SA, Keith MS, Seaman JW, Armstrong DG. Prediction of healing for postoperative diabetic foot wounds based on early wound area progression. Diabetes Care. 2008 Jan; 31(1):26-9. PMID: 17934156.
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    232. Wu SC, Wrobel JS, Armstrong DG. Assessing the impact of pharmacologic intervention on the quality of life in diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia. Pain Med. 2007 Sep; 8 Suppl 2:S33-42. PMID: 17714114.
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    233. Rogers LC, Bevilacqua NJ, Frykberg RG, Armstrong DG. Predictors of postoperative complications of Ilizarov external ring fixators in the foot and ankle. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2007 Sep-Oct; 46(5):372-5. PMID: 17761322.
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    234. Armstrong DG, Chappell AS, Le TK, Kajdasz DK, Backonja M, D'Souza DN, Russell JM. Duloxetine for the management of diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain: evaluation of functional outcomes. Pain Med. 2007 Jul-Aug; 8(5):410-8. PMID: 17661854.
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    235. Armstrong DG. Healing and preventing the diabetic foot wound: where technology, economics and common sense converge. Indian J Med Sci. 2007 Jun; 61(6):324-5. PMID: 17558094.
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    236. Peters EJ, Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Risk factors for recurrent diabetic foot ulcers: site matters. Diabetes Care. 2007 Aug; 30(8):2077-9. PMID: 17507693.
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    237. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Boulton AJ. Negative pressure wound therapy via vacuum-assisted closure following partial foot amputation: what is the role of wound chronicity? Int Wound J. 2007 Mar; 4(1):79-86. PMID: 17425550.
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    238. Lipsky BA, Sheehan P, Armstrong DG, Tice AD, Polis AB, Abramson MA. Clinical predictors of treatment failure for diabetic foot infections: data from a prospective trial. Int Wound J. 2007 Mar; 4(1):30-8. PMID: 17425547.
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    239. Scher RK, Tavakkol A, Sigurgeirsson B, Hay RJ, Joseph WS, Tosti A, Fleckman P, Ghannoum M, Armstrong DG, Markinson BC, Elewski BE. Onychomycosis: diagnosis and definition of cure. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007 Jun; 56(6):939-44. PMID: 17307276.
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    240. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Peters EJ, Lipsky BA. Probe-to-bone test for diagnosing diabetic foot osteomyelitis: reliable or relic? Diabetes Care. 2007 Feb; 30(2):270-4. PMID: 17259493.
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    241. Rogers LC, Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ, Freemont AJ, Malik RA. Malignant melanoma misdiagnosed as a diabetic foot ulcer. Diabetes Care. 2007 Feb; 30(2):444-5. PMID: 17259529.
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    242. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Murdoch DP, Peters EJ, Lipsky BA. Validation of the Infectious Diseases Society of America's diabetic foot infection classification system. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Feb 15; 44(4):562-5. PMID: 17243061.
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    243. Wu SC, Driver VR, Wrobel JS, Armstrong DG. Foot ulcers in the diabetic patient, prevention and treatment. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2007; 3(1):65-76. PMID: 17583176.
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    244. Lyons TE, Miller MS, Serena T, Sheehan P, Lavery L, Kirsner RS, Armstrong DG, Reese A, Yankee EW, Veves A. Talactoferrin alfa, a recombinant human lactoferrin promotes healing of diabetic neuropathic ulcers: a phase 1/2 clinical study. Am J Surg. 2007 Jan; 193(1):49-54. PMID: 17188087.
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    245. Lavery LA, Higgins KR, Lanctot DR, Constantinides GP, Zamorano RG, Athanasiou KA, Armstrong DG, Agrawal CM. Preventing diabetic foot ulcer recurrence in high-risk patients: use of temperature monitoring as a self-assessment tool. Diabetes Care. 2007 Jan; 30(1):14-20. PMID: 17192326.
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    246. Armstrong DG, Lipsky BA, Polis AB, Abramson MA. Does dermal thermometry predict clinical outcome in diabetic foot infection? Analysis of data from the SIDESTEP* trial. Int Wound J. 2006 Dec; 3(4):302-7. PMID: 17199766.
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    247. Wrobel JS, Robbins J, Armstrong DG. The high-low amputation ratio: a deeper insight into diabetic foot care? J Foot Ankle Surg. 2006 Nov-Dec; 45(6):375-9. PMID: 17145462.
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    248. Rogers LC, Bevilacqua NJ, Armstrong DG. Ertapenem for diabetic foot infections. Drugs Today (Barc). 2006 Nov; 42(11):695-701. PMID: 17171188.
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    249. Wera GD, Friess DM, Getty PO, Armstrong DG, Lacey SH, Baele HR. Fracture of the proximal humerus with injury to the axillary artery in a boy aged 13 years. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2006 Nov; 88(11):1521-3. PMID: 17075102.
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    250. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Frykberg RG, Wu SC, Boulton AJ. Validation of a diabetic foot surgery classification. Int Wound J. 2006 Sep; 3(3):240-6. PMID: 16984580.
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    251. Frykberg RG, Zgonis T, Armstrong DG, Driver VR, Giurini JM, Kravitz SR, Landsman AS, Lavery LA, Moore JC, Schuberth JM, Wukich DK, Andersen C, Vanore JV. Diabetic foot disorders. A clinical practice guideline (2006 revision). J Foot Ankle Surg. 2006 Sep-Oct; 45(5 Suppl):S1-66. PMID: 17280936.
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    252. Nixon BP, Armstrong DG, Wendell C, Vazquez JR, Rabinovich Z, Kimbriel HR, Rosales MA, Boulton AJ. Do US veterans wear appropriately sized shoes?: the Veterans Affairs shoe size selection study. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2006 Jul-Aug; 96(4):290-2. PMID: 16868320.
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    253. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG. ACFAS scoring scale: ready, fire, aim? J Foot Ankle Surg. 2006 Jul-Aug; 45(4):284-5; author reply 285-6. PMID: 16818159.
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    254. Rosales MA, Martin BR, Armstrong DG, Nixon BP, Hall HR. Verrucous hyperplasia: a common and problematic finding in the high-risk diabetic foot. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2006 Jul-Aug; 96(4):348-50. PMID: 16868329.
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    255. Andros G, Armstrong DG, Attinger CE, Boulton AJ, Frykberg RG, Joseph WS, Lavery LA, Morbach S, Niezgoda JA, Toursarkissian B. Consensus statement on negative pressure wound therapy (V.A.C. Therapy) for the management of diabetic foot wounds. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2006 Jun; Suppl:1-32. PMID: 17007488.
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    256. Wu SC, Armstrong DG. The role of activity, adherence, and off-loading on the healing of diabetic foot wounds. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006 Jun; 117(7 Suppl):248S-253S. PMID: 16799393.
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    257. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Wunderlich RP, Mohler MJ, Wendel CS, Lipsky BA. Risk factors for foot infections in individuals with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2006 Jun; 29(6):1288-93. PMID: 16732010.
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    258. Jeffcoate WJ, Game FL, Armstrong DG, Cavanagh PR. Acute neuropathic joint disease: a medical emergency? Diabetes Care. 2006 Apr; 29(4):951-2; author reply 952. PMID: 16602195.
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    259. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. A retrospective study of patients with diabetes mellitus after partial foot amputation and hyperbaric oxygen treatment. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2006 Jan-Feb; 45(1):58-9; author reply 59-60. PMID: 16399564.
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    260. Wu SC, Crews RT, Armstrong DG. The pivotal role of offloading in the management of neuropathic foot ulceration. Curr Diab Rep. 2005 Dec; 5(6):423-9. PMID: 16316592.
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    261. Lipsky BA, Armstrong DG, Citron DM, Tice AD, Morgenstern DE, Abramson MA. Ertapenem versus piperacillin/tazobactam for diabetic foot infections (SIDESTEP): prospective, randomised, controlled, double-blinded, multicentre trial. Lancet. 2005 Nov 12; 366(9498):1695-703. PMID: 16291062.
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    262. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Negative pressure wound therapy after partial diabetic foot amputation: a multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2005 Nov 12; 366(9498):1704-10. PMID: 16291063.
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    263. Armstrong DG, Rosales MA, Gashi A. Efficacy of fifth metatarsal head resection for treatment of chronic diabetic foot ulceration. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2005 Jul-Aug; 95(4):353-6. PMID: 16037550.
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    264. Armstrong DG, Holtz K, Wu S. Can the use of a topical antifungal nail lacquer reduce risk for diabetic foot ulceration? Results from a randomised controlled pilot study. Int Wound J. 2005 Jun; 2(2):166-70. PMID: 16722866.
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    265. Martin BR, Sangalang M, Wu S, Armstrong DG. Outcomes of allogenic acellular matrix therapy in treatment of diabetic foot wounds: an initial experience. Int Wound J. 2005 Jun; 2(2):161-5. PMID: 16722865.
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    266. Armstrong DG, Salas P, Short B, Martin BR, Kimbriel HR, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. Maggot therapy in "lower-extremity hospice" wound care: fewer amputations and more antibiotic-free days. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2005 May-Jun; 95(3):254-7. PMID: 15901812.
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    267. Wu S, Armstrong DG. Risk assessment of the diabetic foot and wound. Int Wound J. 2005 Mar; 2(1):17-24. PMID: 16722851.
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    268. Armstrong DG, Sangalang MB, Jolley D, Maben F, Kimbriel HR, Nixon BP, Cohen IK. Cooling the foot to prevent diabetic foot wounds: a proof-of-concept trial. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2005 Mar-Apr; 95(2):103-7. PMID: 15778466.
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    269. Peters EJ, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG. Diabetic lower extremity infection: influence of physical, psychological, and social factors. J Diabetes Complications. 2005 Mar-Apr; 19(2):107-12. PMID: 15745841.
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    270. Katz IA, Harlan A, Miranda-Palma B, Prieto-Sanchez L, Armstrong DG, Bowker JH, Mizel MS, Boulton AJ. A randomized trial of two irremovable off-loading devices in the management of plantar neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers. Diabetes Care. 2005 Mar; 28(3):555-9. PMID: 15735187.
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    271. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Wu S, Boulton AJ. Evaluation of removable and irremovable cast walkers in the healing of diabetic foot wounds: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care. 2005 Mar; 28(3):551-4. PMID: 15735186.
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    272. Singh N, Armstrong DG, Lipsky BA. Preventing foot ulcers in patients with diabetes. JAMA. 2005 Jan 12; 293(2):217-28. PMID: 15644549.
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    273. Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG. Whither progress in the diabetic foot--clinical and research? Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2004 Dec; 3(4):182-3. PMID: 15866812.
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    274. Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ. Pressure offloading and "advanced" wound healing: isn't it finally time for an arranged marriage? Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2004 Dec; 3(4):184-7. PMID: 15866813.
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    275. DeBrule MB, Mott RC, Funk C, Nixon BP, Armstrong DG. Osseous metaplasia in plantar fibromatosis: a case report. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2004 Nov-Dec; 43(6):430-2. PMID: 15605059.
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    276. Shih AT, Quint RE, Armstrong DG, Nixon BP. Treatment of Freiberg's infraction with the titanium hemi-implant. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2004 Nov-Dec; 94(6):590-3. PMID: 15547129.
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    277. Lavery LA, Higgins KR, Lanctot DR, Constantinides GP, Zamorano RG, Armstrong DG, Athanasiou KA, Agrawal CM. Home monitoring of foot skin temperatures to prevent ulceration. Diabetes Care. 2004 Nov; 27(11):2642-7. PMID: 15504999.
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    278. Rosales MA, Bruntz M, Armstrong DG. Gamma-irradiated human skin allograft: a potential treatment modality for lower extremity ulcers. Int Wound J. 2004 Sep; 1(3):201-6. PMID: 16722878.
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    279. Armstrong DG, Kunze K, Martin BR, Kimbriel HR, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. Plantar pressure changes using a novel negative pressure wound therapy technique. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2004 Sep-Oct; 94(5):456-60. PMID: 15377721.
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    280. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. It's not what you put on, but what you take off: techniques for debriding and off-loading the diabetic foot wound. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Aug 01; 39 Suppl 2:S92-9. PMID: 15306986.
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    281. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Holtz-Neiderer K, Mohler MJ, Wendel CS, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. Variability in activity may precede diabetic foot ulceration. Diabetes Care. 2004 Aug; 27(8):1980-4. PMID: 15277427.
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    283. Rosales A, Vazquez JR, Short B, Kimbriel HR, Claxton MJ, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG. Use of a maggot motility index to evaluate survival of therapeutic larvae. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2004 Jul-Aug; 94(4):353-5. PMID: 15265993.
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    284. Armstrong DG, Lipsky BA. Diabetic foot infections: stepwise medical and surgical management. Int Wound J. 2004 Jun; 1(2):123-32. PMID: 16722884.
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    285. Armstrong DG, Lipsky BA. Advances in the treatment of diabetic foot infections. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2004 Apr; 6(2):167-77. PMID: 15117583.
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    286. Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ, Banwell P. Negative pressure wound therapy in treatment of diabetic foot wounds: a marriage of modalities. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2004 Apr; 50(4A Suppl):9-12. PMID: 15317237.
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    287. Armstrong DG, Attinger CE, Boulton AJ, Frykberg RG, Kirsner RS, Lavery LA, Mills JL. Guidelines regarding negative wound therapy (NPWT) in the diabetic foot. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2004 Apr; 50(4B Suppl):3S-27S. PMID: 15311482.
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    288. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Decreasing foot pressures while implementing topical negative pressure (vacuum-assisted closure) therapy. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2004 Mar; 3(1):12-5. PMID: 15866783.
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    289. Armstrong DG, Gildenhuys A, Holtz-Neiderer K. Computerized activity monitoring preoperatively and postoperatively. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2004 Mar-Apr; 43(2):131-3. PMID: 15057862.
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    290. Abouaesha F, van Schie CH, Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ. Plantar soft-tissue thickness predicts high peak plantar pressure in the diabetic foot. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2004 Jan-Feb; 94(1):39-42. PMID: 14729989.
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    291. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Vazquez JR, Short B, Kimbriel HR, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. Clinical efficacy of the first metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty as a curative procedure for hallux interphalangeal joint wounds in patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003 Dec; 26(12):3284-7. PMID: 14633815.
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    292. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Wunderlich RP, Boulton AJ. 2003 William J. Stickel Silver Award. Skin temperatures as a one-time screening tool do not predict future diabetic foot complications. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2003 Nov-Dec; 93(6):443-7. PMID: 14623988.
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    293. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Kimbriel HR, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. Activity patterns of patients with diabetic foot ulceration: patients with active ulceration may not adhere to a standard pressure off-loading regimen. Diabetes Care. 2003 Sep; 26(9):2595-7. PMID: 12941724.
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    294. Armstrong DG, Stephan KT, Espensen EH, Lipsky BA, Boulton AJ. What is the shelf life of physician-mixed antibiotic-impregnated calcium sulfate pellets? J Foot Ankle Surg. 2003 Sep-Oct; 42(5):302-4. PMID: 14566723.
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    295. Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG. Trials in neuropathic diabetic foot ulceration: time for a paradigm shift? Diabetes Care. 2003 Sep; 26(9):2689-90. PMID: 12941739.
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    296. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Wunderlich RP, Tredwell J, Boulton AJ. Diabetic foot syndrome: evaluating the prevalence and incidence of foot pathology in Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites from a diabetes disease management cohort. Diabetes Care. 2003 May; 26(5):1435-8. PMID: 12716801.
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    297. Sibbald RG, Armstrong DG, Orsted HL. Pain in diabetic foot ulcers. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2003 Apr; 49(4 Suppl):24-9. PMID: 12856290.
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    298. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Wunderlich RP, Tredwell J, Boulton AJ. Predictive value of foot pressure assessment as part of a population-based diabetes disease management program. Diabetes Care. 2003 Apr; 26(4):1069-73. PMID: 12663575.
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    299. Armstrong DG, Frykberg RG. Classifying diabetic foot surgery: toward a rational definition. Diabet Med. 2003 Apr; 20(4):329-31. PMID: 12675649.
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    300. Armstrong DG, Dang C, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. The hazards of the holiday foot: persons at high risk for diabetic foot ulceration may be more active on holiday. Diabet Med. 2003 Mar; 20(3):247-8. PMID: 12675673.
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    301. Claxton MJ, Armstrong DG, Short B, Vazquez JR, Boulton AJ. 5 questions--and answers--about maggot debridement therapy. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2003 Mar-Apr; 16(2):99-102. PMID: 12690234.
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    302. Vazquez JR, Short B, Findlow AH, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ, Armstrong DG. Outcomes of hyaluronan therapy in diabetic foot wounds. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2003 Feb; 59(2):123-7. PMID: 12560161.
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    303. Claxton MJ, Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ. Healing the diabetic wound and keeping it healed: modalities for the early 21st century. Curr Diab Rep. 2002 Dec; 2(6):510-8. PMID: 12643158.
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    304. Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ. Continuous Internet-based activity monitoring provides a surrogate marker for nocturnal polyuria in persons with diabetes mellitus at high risk for foot ulceration. Diabet Med. 2002 Dec; 19(12):1034-5. PMID: 12647847.
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    305. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ. Ankle equinus deformity and its relationship to high plantar pressure in a large population with diabetes mellitus. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Oct; 92(9):479-82. PMID: 12381796.
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    306. Cavanagh PR, Boulton AJ, Sheehan P, Ulbrecht JS, Caputo GM, Armstrong DG. Therapeutic footwear in patients with diabetes. JAMA. 2002 Sep 11; 288(10):1231; author reply 1232-3. PMID: 12215125.
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    307. Knowles EA, Armstrong DG, Hayat SA, Khawaja KI, Malik RA, Boulton AJ. Offloading diabetic foot wounds using the scotchcast boot: a retrospective study. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2002 Sep; 48(9):50-3. PMID: 12271734.
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    308. van Schie CH, Whalley A, Armstrong DG, Vileikyte L, Boulton AJ. The effect of silicone injections in the diabetic foot on peak plantar pressure and plantar tissue thickness: a 2-year follow-up. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Jul; 83(7):919-23. PMID: 12098150.
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    309. Espensen EH, Nixon BP, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG. Use of subatmospheric (VAC) therapy to improve bioengineered tissue grafting in diabetic foot wounds. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Jul-Aug; 92(7):395-7. PMID: 12122126.
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    310. Armstrong DG, Mossel J, Short B, Nixon BP, Knowles EA, Boulton AJ. Maggot debridement therapy: a primer. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Jul-Aug; 92(7):398-401. PMID: 12122127.
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    311. Armstrong DG, Peters EJ. Charcot's arthropathy of the foot. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Jul-Aug; 92(7):390-4. PMID: 12122125.
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    312. Armstrong DG, Short B, Espensen EH, Abu-Rumman PL, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. Technique for fabrication of an "instant total-contact cast" for treatment of neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Jul-Aug; 92(7):405-8. PMID: 12122129.
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    313. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Vazquez JR, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. How and why to surgically debride neuropathic diabetic foot wounds. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Jul-Aug; 92(7):402-4. PMID: 12122128.
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    314. Caselli A, Pham H, Giurini JM, Armstrong DG, Veves A. The forefoot-to-rearfoot plantar pressure ratio is increased in severe diabetic neuropathy and can predict foot ulceration. Diabetes Care. 2002 Jun; 25(6):1066-71. PMID: 12032116.
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    315. Espensen EH, Nixon BP, Armstrong DG. Chemical matrixectomy for ingrown toenails: Is there an evidence basis to guide therapy? J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 May; 92(5):287-95. PMID: 12015409.
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    316. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Abu-Rumman P, Espensen EH, Vazquez JR, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. Outcomes of subatmospheric pressure dressing therapy on wounds of the diabetic foot. Ostomy Wound Manage. 2002 Apr; 48(4):64-8. PMID: 11993062.
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    317. Abu-Rumman PL, Armstrong DG, Nixon BP. Use of clinical laboratory parameters to evaluate wound healing potential in diabetes mellitus. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Jan; 92(1):38-47. PMID: 11796798.
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    318. Armstrong DG, Jude EB. The role of matrix metalloproteinases in wound healing. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Jan; 92(1):12-8. PMID: 11796794.
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    319. Abu-Rumman PL, Nixon BP, Armstrong DG. Cerebral vascular accident in the infected diabetic ulcer patient. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Jan; 92(1):59-60. PMID: 11796801.
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    320. Frykberg RG, Armstrong DG. The Diabetic Foot 2001. A summary of the proceedings of the American Diabetes Association's 61st Scientific Symposium. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Jan; 92(1):2-6. PMID: 11796792.
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    321. Armstrong DG, Peters EJ. Classification of wounds of the diabetic foot. Curr Diab Rep. 2001 Dec; 1(3):233-8. PMID: 12643204.
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    322. Armstrong DG, Findlow AH, Oyibo SO, Boulton AJ. The use of absorbable antibiotic-impregnated calcium sulphate pellets in the management of diabetic foot infections. Diabet Med. 2001 Nov; 18(11):942-3. PMID: 11703445.
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    323. Peters EJ, Childs MR, Wunderlich RP, Harkless LB, Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Functional status of persons with diabetes-related lower-extremity amputations. Diabetes Care. 2001 Oct; 24(10):1799-804. PMID: 11574445.
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    324. Armstrong DG, Abu-Rumman PL, Nixon BP, Boulton AJ. Continuous activity monitoring in persons at high risk for diabetes-related lower-extremity amputation. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2001 Oct; 91(9):451-5. PMID: 11679626.
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    325. Armstrong DG, Nguyen HC, Lavery LA, van Schie CH, Boulton AJ, Harkless LB. Off-loading the diabetic foot wound: a randomized clinical trial. Diabetes Care. 2001 Jun; 24(6):1019-22. PMID: 11375363.
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    326. Peters EJ, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Fleischli JG. Electric stimulation as an adjunct to heal diabetic foot ulcers: a randomized clinical trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 Jun; 82(6):721-5. PMID: 11387573.
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    327. Armstrong DG. Is diabetic foot care efficacious or cost effective? Ostomy Wound Manage. 2001 Apr; 47(4):28-32. PMID: 11890086.
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    328. Armstrong DG, Boulton AJ. Activity monitors: should we begin dosing activity as we dose a drug? J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2001 Mar; 91(3):152-3. PMID: 11266499.
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    329. Veves A, Falanga V, Armstrong DG, Sabolinski ML. Graftskin, a human skin equivalent, is effective in the management of noninfected neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers: a prospective randomized multicenter clinical trial. Diabetes Care. 2001 Feb; 24(2):290-5. PMID: 11213881.
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    330. Oyibo SO, Jude EB, Tarawneh I, Nguyen HC, Armstrong DG, Harkless LB, Boulton AJ. The effects of ulcer size and site, patient's age, sex and type and duration of diabetes on the outcome of diabetic foot ulcers. Diabet Med. 2001 Feb; 18(2):133-8. PMID: 11251677.
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    331. Armstrong DG, Nguyen HC. Improvement in healing with aggressive edema reduction after debridement of foot infection in persons with diabetes. Arch Surg. 2000 Dec; 135(12):1405-9. PMID: 11115342.
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    332. Armstrong DG, Stacpoole-Shea S, Nguyen H, Harkless LB. Lengthening of the achilles tendon in diabetic patients. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2000 Oct; 82(10):1510. PMID: 11057482.
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    333. Reyzelman AM, Trombello KA, Vayser DJ, Armstrong DG, Harkless LB. Are antibiotics necessary in the treatment of locally infected ingrown toenails? Arch Fam Med. 2000 Sep-Oct; 9(9):930-2. PMID: 11031403.
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    334. Wunderlich RP, Peters EJ, Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Reliability of digital videometry and acetate tracing in measuring the surface area of cutaneous wounds. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2000 Aug; 49(2-3):87-92. PMID: 10963818.
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    335. Armstrong DG. The 10-g monofilament: the diagnostic divining rod for the diabetic foot? Diabetes Care. 2000 Jul; 23(7):887. PMID: 10895835.
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    336. Pham H, Armstrong DG, Harvey C, Harkless LB, Giurini JM, Veves A. Screening techniques to identify people at high risk for diabetic foot ulceration: a prospective multicenter trial. Diabetes Care. 2000 May; 23(5):606-11. PMID: 10834417.
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    337. Hogge J, Krasner D, Nguyen H, Harkless LB, Armstrong DG. The potential benefits of advanced therapeutic modalities in the treatment of diabetic foot wounds. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2000 Feb; 90(2):57-65. PMID: 10697968.
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    338. Frykberg RG, Armstrong DG, Giurini J, Edwards A, Kravette M, Kravitz S, Ross C, Stavosky J, Stuck R, Vanore J. Diabetic foot disorders. A clinical practice guideline. For the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons and the American College of Foot and Ankle Orthopedics and Medicine. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2000; Suppl:1-60. PMID: 11143819.
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    339. Frykberg RG, Armstrong DG, Giurini J, Edwards A, Kravette M, Kravitz S, Ross C, Stavosky J, Stuck R, Vanore J. Diabetic foot disorders: a clinical practice guideline. American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2000; 39(5 Suppl):S1-60. PMID: 11280471.
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    340. Armstrong DG, Hadi S, Nguyen HC, Harkless LB. Factors associated with bone regrowth following diabetes-related partial amputation of the foot. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999 Nov; 81(11):1561-5. PMID: 10565647.
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    341. Reyzelman AM, Lipsky BA, Hadi SA, Harkless LB, Armstrong DG. The increased prevalence of severe necrotizing infections caused by non-group A streptococci. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1999 Sep; 89(9):454-7. PMID: 10507213.
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    342. Melander A, Olsson J, Lindberg G, Salzman A, Howard T, Stang P, Lydick E, Emslie-Smith A, Boyle DI, Evans JM, Macdonald TM, Bain J, Sullivan F, Juhl C, Pørksen N, Sturis J, Hollingdal M, Pincus S, Veldhuis J, Dejgaard A, Schmitz O, Kristensen JS, Frandsen KB, Bayer T, Müller P, Dunning BE, Paladini S, Gutierrez C, Deacon R, Valentin M, Grunberger G, Weston WM, Patwardhan R, Rappaport EB, Sargeant LA, Wareham NJ, Khaw KT, Zethelius B, Lithell H, Hales CN, Berne C, Lakka HM, Oksanen L, Tuomainen TP, Kontula K, Salonen JT, Dekker JM, de Boks P, de Vegt F, Stehouwer CD, Nijpels G, Bouter LM, Heine RJ, Bruno G, Cavallo-Perin P, Bargero G, D'Errico N, Borra M, Macchia G, Pagano G, Newton RW, Ruta DA, New JP, Wallace C, Roxburgh MA, Young RJ, Vaughan NJ, Elliott P, Brennan G, Devers M, MacAlpine R, Steinke D, Lawson DH, Decallonne B, Casteels K, Gysemans C, Bouillon R, Mathieu C, Linn T, Strate C, Schneider K, Funda DP, Jirsa M, Kozáková H, Kaas A, Kofronová O, Tlaskalová-Hogenová H, Buschard K, Wanka H, Hartmann A, Kuttler B, Rasmussen SB, Sørensen TS, Markholst H, Petersen JS, Karounos D, Dyrberg T, Mabley JG, Haskó G, Szabó C, Seissler J, Nguyen TB, Steinbrenner H, Scherbaum WA, Cipriani R, Gabriele A, Sensi M, Guidobaldi L, Pantellini F, Cerrito MG, Scarpa S, Di Mario U, Morano S, Ceolotto G, Iori E, Baritono E, Del Prato S, Semplicini A, Trevisan R, Zerbini G, Meregalli G, Asnaghi V, Tentori F, Maestroni A, Mangili R, Marescotti C, Vedovato M, Tiengo A, Tadjieva J, Mankovsky BN, Van Aken S, Raes A, Vande Walle J, Matthys D, Craen M, Hansen HP, Lund SS, Rossing P, Jensen T, Parving HH, Andersen S, Tarnow L, Hansen BV, Trautner C, Haastert B, Ennenbach N, Willich S, Tabák ÁG, Orchard TJ, Spranger J, Preissner KT, Schatz H, Pfeiffer A, Cantón A, Burgos R, Hernández C, Lecube A, Mesa J, Segura RM, Mateo C, Simó R, Fathallah L, Greene DA, Obrosova I, Gilbert RE, Kelly DJ, Cox AJ, Berka-Wilkinson JL, Taylor HR, Panagiotopoulos S, Lee V, Jerums G, Cooper ME, Hitman GA, Aganna E, Ogunkolade WB, Rema M, Deepa R, Shanthi-Rani CS, Barakat K, Kumarajeewa TR, Cassell PG, McDermott MF, Mohan V, Ways K, Bursell S, Devries T, Woodworth J, Alatorre C, King G, Aiello LP, Karisen AE, Pavlovic D, Nielsen K, Jensen J, Andersen HU, Pociot F, Mandrup-Poulsen T, Eizirik DL, Nerup J, Lortz S, Tiedge M, Lenzen S, Lally FJ, Bone AJ, Darville MI, Ho YS, Sternesjö J, Sandler S, Chen MC, Schuit F, Pipeleers DG, Merezak S, Hardikar A, Hoet JJ, Remacle C, Reusens B, Bréant B, Garofano A, Czernichow P, Kubota N, Terauchi Y, Miki H, Tamemoto H, Yamauchi T, Nakano R, Komeda K, Eto K, Tobe K, Kimura S, Kadowaki T, Ide T, Murakami K, Tsunoda M, Mochizuki T, Ozanne SE, Nave BT, Wang CL, Dorling MW, Petry CJ, Koopmans SJ, van der Bent C, Que I, Radder JK, Sebokova E, Sana AK, Klimes I, Ruderman N, Morviducci L, Pastore L, Morelli S, Sagratella E, Zorretta D, Buongiomo A, Tamburrano G, Giaccari A, Martinenghi S, De Angelis GC, Ravasi F, Bifari F, Bordignon C, Falqui L, Kessler A, Dransfeld O, Sasson S, Tomas E, Zorzano A, Eckel J, Thorsby P, Rosenfalck AM, Kjems L, Hanssen KF, Madsbad S, Birkeland KI, Hamilton-Wessler M, Markussen J, Bergman RN, Melki V, Hanaire-Broutin H, Bessières-Lacombe S, Tauber JP, Home PD, Lindholm A, Riis A, Rosenstock J, Schwartz S, Clark C, Edwards M, Donley D, Swift P, Mortensen HB, Lynggaard H, Hougaard P, Cull CA, Neil HA, Frighi V, Manley SE, Holman RR, Turner RC, Steiner G, Davis WA, Weeraratna T, Bruce DG, Davis TM, Vergès B, Duvillard L, Pont F, Florentin E, Gambert P, Benko B, Ljubic S, Turk Z, Granic M, März W, Wollschläger H, Klein G, Neiss A, Wehling M, Huxtable SJ, Saker PJ, Walker M, Frayling TM, Levy JC, O'Rahilly S, Hattersley AT, McCarthy MI, Orecchio A, Giacchini A, Dominici R, Canettieri G, Trinti B, Zani M, Andreoli M, Sciacchitano S, de Silva AM, Whitecross K, Pasco J, Kotowicz M, Nicholson G, Zimmet P, Boyko EJ, Collier GR, Frittitta L, Pizzuti A, Argiolas A, Graci S, Goldfine ID, Bozzali M, Ercolino T, et al. 35th Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes : Brussels, Belgium, 28 September-2 October 1999. Diabetologia. 1999 Aug; 42(Suppl 1):A1-A330. PMID: 27770183.
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    343. Lavery LA, van Houtum WH, Ashry HR, Armstrong DG, Pugh JA. Diabetes-related lower-extremity amputations disproportionately affect Blacks and Mexican Americans. South Med J. 1999 Jun; 92(6):593-9. PMID: 10372853.
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    344. Armstrong DG, Stacpoole-Shea S, Nguyen H, Harkless LB. Lengthening of the Achilles tendon in diabetic patients who are at high risk for ulceration of the foot. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999 Apr; 81(4):535-8. PMID: 10225799.
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    345. Reyzelman AM, Hadi S, Armstrong DG. Limb salvage with Chopart's amputation and tendon balancing. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1999 Feb; 89(2):100-3. PMID: 10063781.
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    346. Armstrong DG, Newfield JT, Gillespie R. Orthopedic management of osteopetrosis: results of a survey and review of the literature. J Pediatr Orthop. 1999 Jan-Feb; 19(1):122-32. PMID: 9890301.
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    347. Armstrong DG, Stacpoole-Shea S. Total contact casts and removable cast walkers. Mitigation of plantar heel pressure. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1999 Jan; 89(1):50-3. PMID: 9926687.
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    348. Armstrong DG, Harkless LB. Outcomes of preventative care in a diabetic foot specialty clinic. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1998 Nov-Dec; 37(6):460-6. PMID: 9879040.
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    349. Wunderlich RP, Peters EJ, Bosma J, Armstrong DG. Pathophysiology and treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy of the lower extremity. South Med J. 1998 Oct; 91(10):894-8. PMID: 9786282.
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    350. Wunderlich RP, Armstrong DG, Harkless LB. Is intermittent pulsatile pressure a valuable adjunct in healing the complicated diabetic wound? Ostomy Wound Manage. 1998 Oct; 44(10):70-4, 76. PMID: 9866598.
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    351. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. 1998 William J. Stickel Silver Award. Mechanically assisted, delayed primary closure of diabetic foot wounds. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1998 Oct; 88(10):483-8. PMID: 9791952.
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    352. Peters EJ, Armstrong DG, Wunderlich RP, Bosma J, Stacpoole-Shea S, Lavery LA. The benefit of electrical stimulation to enhance perfusion in persons with diabetes mellitus. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1998 Sep-Oct; 37(5):396-400; discussion 447-8. PMID: 9798171.
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    353. Vela SA, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Anaim AA. The effect of increased weight on peak pressures: implications for obesity and diabetic foot pathology. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1998 Sep-Oct; 37(5):416-20; discussion 448-9. PMID: 9798174.
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    354. Armstrong DG, Peters EJ, Athanasiou KA, Lavery LA. Is there a critical level of plantar foot pressure to identify patients at risk for neuropathic foot ulceration? J Foot Ankle Surg. 1998 Jul-Aug; 37(4):303-7. PMID: 9710782.
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    355. van Houtum WH, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG. Risk factors for above-knee amputations in diabetes mellitus. South Med J. 1998 Jul; 91(7):643-8. PMID: 9671835.
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    356. Reyzelman AM, Armstrong DG, Vayser DJ, Hadi SA, Harkless LB, Hussain SK. Emergence of non-group A streptococcal necrotizing diabetic foot infections. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1998 Jun; 88(6):305-7. PMID: 9642913.
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    357. Armstrong DG, Hussain SK, Middleton J, Peters EJ, Wunderlich RP, Lavery LA. Vibration perception threshold: are multiple sites of testing superior to single site testing on diabetic foot examination? Ostomy Wound Manage. 1998 May; 44(5):70-4, 76. PMID: 9697548.
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    358. Armstrong DG. Looking to the future of diabetic wound care. Adv Wound Care. 1998 May-Jun; 11(3):102-3. PMID: 9729941.
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    359. Wunderlich RP, Armstrong DG, Husain K, Lavery LA. Defining loss of protective sensation in the diabetic foot. Adv Wound Care. 1998 May-Jun; 11(3):123-8. PMID: 9729943.
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    360. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Wunderlich RP. Risk factors for diabetic foot ulceration: a logical approach to treatment. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 1998 May; 25(3):123-8. PMID: 9678004.
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    361. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Harkless LB. Validation of a diabetic wound classification system. The contribution of depth, infection, and ischemia to risk of amputation. Diabetes Care. 1998 May; 21(5):855-9. PMID: 9589255.
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    362. Ashry HR, Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Lavery DC, van Houtum WH. Cost of diabetes-related amputations in minorities. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1998 May-Jun; 37(3):186-90. PMID: 9638541.
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    363. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Diabetic foot ulcers: prevention, diagnosis and classification. Am Fam Physician. 1998 Mar 15; 57(6):1325-32, 1337-8. PMID: 9531915.
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    364. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Elevated peak plantar pressures in patients who have Charcot arthropathy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1998 Mar; 80(3):365-9. PMID: 9531204.
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    365. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Plantar pressures are higher in diabetic patients following partial foot amputation. Ostomy Wound Manage. 1998 Mar; 44(3):30-2, 34, 36 passim. PMID: 9626005.
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    366. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Vela SA, Quebedeaux TL, Fleischli JG. Choosing a practical screening instrument to identify patients at risk for diabetic foot ulceration. Arch Intern Med. 1998 Feb 09; 158(3):289-92. PMID: 9472210.
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    367. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Vela SA, Quebedeaux TL, Fleischli JG. Practical criteria for screening patients at high risk for diabetic foot ulceration. Arch Intern Med. 1998 Jan 26; 158(2):157-62. PMID: 9448554.
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    368. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Bushman TR. Peak foot pressures influence the healing time of diabetic foot ulcers treated with total contact casts. J Rehabil Res Dev. 1998 Jan; 35(1):1-5. PMID: 9505247.
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    369. Lavery LA, Fleishli JG, Laughlin TJ, Vela SA, Lavery DC, Armstrong DG. Is postural instability exacerbated by off-loading devices in high risk diabetics with foot ulcers? Ostomy Wound Manage. 1998 Jan; 44(1):26-32, 34. PMID: 9510820.
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    370. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Harkless LB. Who is at risk for diabetic foot ulceration? Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 1998 Jan; 15(1):11-9. PMID: 9463765.
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    371. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Evidence-based options for off-loading diabetic wounds. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 1998 Jan; 15(1):95-104. PMID: 9463770.
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    372. Armstrong DG, Wunderlich RP, Lavery LA. Reaching closure with skin stretching. Applications in the diabetic foot. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 1998 Jan; 15(1):109-16. PMID: 9463772.
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    373. Williams RL, Armstrong DG. Wound healing. New modalities for a new millennium. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 1998 Jan; 15(1):117-28. PMID: 9463773.
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    374. Murff RT, Armstrong DG, Lanctot D, Lavery LA, Athanasiou KA. How effective is manual palpation in detecting subtle temperature differences? Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 1998 Jan; 15(1):151-4. PMID: 9463776.
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    375. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Acute Charcot's arthropathy of the foot and ankle. Phys Ther. 1998 Jan; 78(1):74-80. PMID: 9442198.
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    376. Lavery LA, Vela SA, Fleischli JG, Armstrong DG, Lavery DC. Reducing plantar pressure in the neuropathic foot. A comparison of footwear. Diabetes Care. 1997 Nov; 20(11):1706-10. PMID: 9353613.
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    377. Lavery LA, Van Houtum WH, Armstrong DG. Institutionalization following diabetes-related lower extremity amputation. Am J Med. 1997 Nov; 103(5):383-8. PMID: 9375706.
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    378. Hosch J, Quiroga C, Bosma J, Peters EJ, Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Outcomes of transmetatarsal amputations in patients with diabetes mellitus. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1997 Nov-Dec; 36(6):430-4. PMID: 9429998.
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    379. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Fleischli JG, Gilham KA. Is electrical stimulation effective in reducing neuropathic pain in patients with diabetes? J Foot Ankle Surg. 1997 Jul-Aug; 36(4):260-3. PMID: 9298439.
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    380. Day MR, Armstrong DG. Factors associated with methicillin resistance in diabetic foot infections. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1997 Jul-Aug; 36(4):322-5; discussion 331. PMID: 9298451.
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    381. Lavery LA, van Houtum WH, Armstrong DG, Harkless LB, Ashry HR, Walker SC. Mortality following lower extremity amputation in minorities with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1997 Jul; 37(1):41-7. PMID: 9279476.
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    382. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Monitoring healing of acute Charcot's arthropathy with infrared dermal thermometry. J Rehabil Res Dev. 1997 Jul; 34(3):317-21. PMID: 9239625.
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    383. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Quebedeaux TL, Walker SC. Surgical morbidity and the risk of amputation due to infected puncture wounds in diabetic versus nondiabetic adults. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1997 Jul; 87(7):321-6. PMID: 9241975.
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    384. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Predicting neuropathic ulceration with infrared dermal thermometry. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1997 Jul; 87(7):336-7. PMID: 9241978.
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    385. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Harkless LB, Van Houtum WH. Amputation and reamputation of the diabetic foot. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1997 Jun; 87(6):255-9. PMID: 9198345.
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    386. Edelson GW, Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Caicco G. The acutely infected diabetic foot is not adequately evaluated in an inpatient setting. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1997 Jun; 87(6):260-5. PMID: 9198346.
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    387. Armstrong DG, Todd WF, Lavery LA, Harkless LB, Bushman TR. The natural history of acute Charcot's arthropathy in a diabetic foot specialty clinic. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1997 Jun; 87(6):272-8. PMID: 9198348.
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    388. Murdoch DP, Armstrong DG, Dacus JB, Laughlin TJ, Morgan CB, Lavery LA. The natural history of great toe amputations. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1997 May-Jun; 36(3):204-8; discussion 256. PMID: 9232500.
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    389. Armstrong DG, Todd WF, Lavery LA, Harkless LB, Bushman TR. The natural history of acute Charcot's arthropathy in a diabetic foot specialty clinic. Diabet Med. 1997 May; 14(5):357-63. PMID: 9171250.
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    390. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Quebedeaux TL, Walker SC. Surgical morbidity and the risk of amputation due to infected puncture wounds in diabetic versus nondiabetic adults. South Med J. 1997 Apr; 90(4):384-9. PMID: 9114827.
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    391. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Harkless LB. Classification of diabetic foot wounds. Ostomy Wound Manage. 1997 Mar; 43(2):44-8, 50, 52-3. PMID: 9136997.
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    392. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, van Houtum WH, Harkless LB. Seasonal variations in lower extremity amputation. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1997 Mar-Apr; 36(2):146-50. PMID: 9127220.
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    393. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Liswood PJ, Todd WF, Tredwell JA. Infrared dermal thermometry for the high-risk diabetic foot. Phys Ther. 1997 Feb; 77(2):169-75; discussion 176-7. PMID: 9037217.
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    394. Laughlin TJ, Armstrong DG, Caporusso J, Lavery LA. Soft tissue and bone infections from puncture wounds in children. West J Med. 1997 Feb; 166(2):126-8. PMID: 9109329.
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    395. Giacalone VF, Armstrong DG, Ashry HR, Lavery DC, Harkless LB, Lavery LA. A quantitative assessment of healing sandals and postoperative shoes in offloading the neuropathic diabetic foot. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1997 Jan-Feb; 36(1):28-30. PMID: 9031024.
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    396. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, van Houtum WH, Harkless LB. The impact of gender on amputation. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1997 Jan-Feb; 36(1):66-9; discussion 81. PMID: 9031031.
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    397. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Walker SC. Healing rates of diabetic foot ulcers associated with midfoot fracture due to Charcot's arthropathy. Diabet Med. 1997 Jan; 14(1):46-9. PMID: 9017353.
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    398. Edelson GW, Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Caicco G. The acutely infected diabetic foot is not adequately evaluated in an inpatient setting. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Nov 11; 156(20):2373-8. PMID: 8911244.
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    399. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Quebedeaux TL, Walker SC. Puncture wounds: normal laboratory values in the face of severe infection in diabetics and non-diabetics. Am J Med. 1996 Nov; 101(5):521-5. PMID: 8948276.
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    400. Lavery LA, Armstrong DG, Harkless LB. Classification of diabetic foot wounds. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1996 Nov-Dec; 35(6):528-31. PMID: 8986890.
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    401. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Stern S, Harkless LB. Is prophylactic diabetic foot surgery dangerous? J Foot Ankle Surg. 1996 Nov-Dec; 35(6):585-9. PMID: 8986899.
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    402. Armstrong DG. The University of Texas Diabetic Foot Classification System. Ostomy Wound Manage. 1996 Sep; 42(8):60-1. PMID: 8974409.
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    403. Todd WF, Armstrong DG, Liswood PJ. Evaluation and treatment of the infected foot in a community teaching hospital. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1996 Sep; 86(9):421-6. PMID: 8885604.
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    404. Quebedeaux T, Armstrong DG, Harkless LB. Acute and chronic pedal boutonnière deformity. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1996 Sep; 86(9):447-50. PMID: 8885608.
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    405. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Sariaya M, Ashry H. Leukocytosis is a poor indicator of acute osteomyelitis of the foot in diabetes mellitus. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1996 Jul-Aug; 35(4):280-3. PMID: 8872749.
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    406. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA. Monitoring neuropathic ulcer healing with infrared dermal thermometry. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1996 Jul-Aug; 35(4):335-8; discussion 372-3. PMID: 8872757.
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    407. Armstrong DG, Lavery LA, Harkless LB. Treatment-based classification system for assessment and care of diabetic feet. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1996 Jul; 86(7):311-6. PMID: 8757481.
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    408. Armstrong DG, Perales TA, Murff RT, Edelson GW, Welchon JG. Value of white blood cell count with differential in the acute diabetic foot infection. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1996 May; 86(5):224-7. PMID: 8776158.
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    409. Welchon JG, Armstrong DG, Harkless LB. Pedal manifestations of meningococcal septicemia. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1996 Mar; 86(3):129-31. PMID: 8775175.
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    410. Armstrong DG, Liswood PJ, Todd WF. Contralateral limb during total contact casting. A dynamic pressure and thermometric analysis. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1995 Dec; 85(12):733-7. PMID: 8592283.
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    411. Armstrong DG, Kanat IO. Analgesic efficacy of topical butamben picrate. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1995 Dec; 85(12):738-40. PMID: 8592284.
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    412. Armstrong DG, Liswood PJ, Todd WF. 1995 William J. Stickel Bronze Award. Prevalence of mixed infections in the diabetic pedal wound. A retrospective review of 112 infections. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 1995 Oct; 85(10):533-7. PMID: 7473085.
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    413. Armstrong DG, Liswood PJ, Todd WF. Potential risks of accommodative padding in the treatment of neuropathic ulcerations. Ostomy Wound Manage. 1995 Aug; 41(7):44-6, 48-9. PMID: 7662093.
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    414. Armstrong DG, Sorensen JC, Bushman TR. Exploiting the viscoelastic properties of pedal skin with the Sure Closure skin stretching device. J Foot Ankle Surg. 1995 May-Jun; 34(3):247-53. PMID: 7550187.
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    415. Armstrong DG, D'Amato CR, Strong ML. Three cases of staphylococcal pyomyositis in adolescence, including one patient with neurologic compromise. J Pediatr Orthop. 1993 Jul-Aug; 13(4):452-5. PMID: 8396593.
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