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    Karen Christine Johnson, PhD

    TitleAssociate Professor of Clinical Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
    SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
    DepartmentOtolaryngology
    AddressJTC 806 W. Adams Boulevard
    Health Sciences Campus
    Los Angeles California 90007
    Phone+1 213 764 2809

       Bibliographic 
       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Gourlay ML, Overman RA, Fine JP, Crandall CJ, Robbins J, Schousboe JT, Ensrud KE, LeBlanc ES, Gass ML, Johnson KC, Womack CR, LaCroix AZ. Time to clinically relevant fracture risk scores in postmenopausal women. Am J Med. 2017 Mar 08..
        View in: PubMed
      2. DesJardin JL, Stika CJ, Eisenberg LS, Johnson KC, Hammes Ganguly DM, Henning SC, Colson BG. A Longitudinal Investigation of the Home Literacy Environment and Shared Book Reading in Young Children With Hearing Loss. Ear Hear. 2017 Feb 23..
        View in: PubMed
      3. Odden MC, Peralta CA, Berlowitz DR, Johnson KC, Whittle J, Kitzman DW, Beddhu S, Nord JW, Papademetriou V, Williamson JD, Pajewski NM. Effect of Intensive Blood Pressure Control on Gait Speed and Mobility Limitation in Adults 75 Years or Older: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Feb 06..
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      4. Liu Q, Rossouw JE, Roberts MB, Liu S, Johnson KC, Shikany JM, Manson JE, Tinker LF, Eaton CB. Theoretical Effects of Substituting Butter with Margarine on Risk of Cardiovascular Disease. Epidemiology. 2017 Jan; 28(1):145-156..
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      5. Orchard T, Yildiz V, Steck SE, Hébert JR, Ma Y, Cauley JA, Li W, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Johnson KC, Sattari M, LeBoff M, Wactawski-Wende J, Jackson RD. Dietary Inflammatory Index, Bone Mineral Density and Risk of Fracture in Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative. J Bone Miner Res. 2016 Dec 26..
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      6. Lewis CE, Johnson KC, Rahman M, Sink KM, Ambrosius WT. Let's Not SPRINT to Judgment About New Blood Pressure Goals. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Dec 20; 165(12):889..
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      7. Kabat GC, Heo M, Allison M, Johnson KC, Ho GY, Tindle HA, Asao K, LaMonte MJ, Giovino GA, Rohan TE. Smoking Habits and Body Weight Over the Adult Lifespan in Postmenopausal Women. Am J Prev Med. 2016 Dec 06..
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      8. Harrington LB, Blondon M, Cushman M, Kaunitz AM, Rossouw JE, Allison MA, Martin LW, Johnson KC, Rosing J, Woods NF, LaCroix AZ, Heckbert SR, McKnight B, Smith NL. The cross-sectional association between vasomotor symptoms and hemostatic parameter levels in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2016 Dec 05..
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      9. Schnatz PF, Jiang X, Aragaki AK, Nudy M, O'Sullivan DM, Williams M, LeBlanc ES, Martin LW, Manson JE, Shikany JM, Johnson KC, Stefanick ML, Payne ME, Cauley JA, Howard BV, Robbins J. Effects of Calcium, Vitamin D, and Hormone Therapy on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in the Women's Health Initiative: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Dec 02..
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      10. Unick JL, Gaussoin SA, Hill JO, Jakicic JM, Bond DS, Hellgren M, Johnson KC, Peters AL, Coday M, Kitzman DW, Bossart S, Wing RR. Four-Year Physical Activity Levels among Intervention Participants with Type 2 Diabetes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016 Dec; 48(12):2437-2445..
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      11. Wang A, Qin F, Hedlin H, Desai M, Chlebowski R, Gomez S, Eaton CB, Johnson KC, Qi L, Wactawski-Wende J, Womack C, Wakelee HA, Stefanick ML. Physical activity and sedentary behavior in relation to lung cancer incidence and mortality in older women: The Women's Health Initiative. Int J Cancer. 2016 Nov 15; 139(10):2178-92..
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      12. Eaton CB, Pettinger M, Rossouw J, Martin LW, Foraker R, Quddus A, Liu S, Wampler NS, Hank Wu WC, Manson JE, Margolis K, Johnson KC, Allison M, Corbie-Smith G, Rosamond W, Breathett K, Klein L. Risk Factors for Incident Hospitalized Heart Failure With Preserved Versus Reduced Ejection Fraction in a Multiracial Cohort of Postmenopausal Women. Circ Heart Fail. 2016 Oct; 9(10)..
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      13. Beavers KM, Leng I, Rapp SR, Miller ME, Houston DK, Marsh AP, Hire DG, Baker LD, Bray GA, Blackburn GL, Hergenroeder AL, Jakicic JM, Johnson KC, Korytkowski MT, Dorsten BV, Kritchevsky SB. Effects of Longitudinal Glucose Exposure on Cognitive and Physical Function: Results from the Action for Health in Diabetes Movement and Memory Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Sep 27..
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      14. Arnold M, Jiang L, Stefanick ML, Johnson KC, Lane DS, LeBlanc ES, Prentice R, Rohan TE, Snively BM, Vitolins M, Zaslavsky O, Soerjomataram I, Anton-Culver H. Duration of Adulthood Overweight, Obesity, and Cancer Risk in the Women's Health Initiative: A Longitudinal Study from the United States. PLoS Med. 2016 Aug; 13(8):e1002081..
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      15. Tabung FK, Steck SE, Liese AD, Zhang J, Ma Y, Johnson KC, Lane DS, Qi L, Snetselaar L, Vitolins MZ, Ockene JK, Hebert JR. Patterns of change over time and history of the inflammatory potential of diet and risk of breast cancer among postmenopausal women. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2016 Aug; 159(1):139-49..
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      16. Pownall HJ, Schwartz AV, Bray GA, Berkowitz RI, Lewis CE, Boyko EJ, Jakicic JM, Chen H, Heshka S, Gregg EW, Johnson KC. Changes in regional body composition over 8 years in a randomized lifestyle trial: The look AHEAD study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Sep; 24(9):1899-905..
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      17. Parikh NI, Jeppson RP, Berger JS, Eaton CB, Kroenke CH, LeBlanc ES, Lewis CE, Loucks EB, Parker DR, Rillamas-Sun E, Ryckman KK, Waring ME, Schenken RS, Johnson KC, Edstedt-Bonamy AK, Allison MA, Howard BV. Reproductive Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Disease in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Circulation. 2016 May 31; 133(22):2149-58..
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      18. Coday M, Richey P, Thomas F, Tran QT, Terrell SB, Tylavsky F, Miro D, Caufield M, Johnson KC. The Recruitment Experience of a Randomized Clinical Trial to Aid Young Adult Smokers to Stop Smoking without Weight Gain with Interactive Technology. Contemp Clin Trials Commun. 2016 Apr 15; 2:61-68..
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      19. Zaslavsky O, Woods NF, LaCroix AZ, Cauley JA, Johnson KC, Cochrane BB, Sagi SZ. Identification of Risk Factors for Mortality and Poor-Quality-of-Life Survival in Frail Older Women Participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Apr; 64(4):831-7..
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      20. Woods NF, Rillamas-Sun E, Cochrane BB, La Croix AZ, Seeman TE, Tindle HA, Zaslavsky O, Bird CE, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Ockene JK, Seguin RA, Wallace RB. Aging Well: Observations From the Women's Health Initiative Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 Mar; 71 Suppl 1:S3-S12..
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      21. Stefanick ML, Brunner RL, Leng X, Limacher MC, Bird CE, Garcia DO, Hogan PE, LaMonte MJ, Mackey RH, Johnson KC, LaCroix A, Robinson JG, Seguin RA, Tindle HA, Wassertheil-Smoller S. The Relationship of Cardiovascular Disease to Physical Functioning in Women Surviving to Age 80 and Above in the Women's Health Initiative. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 Mar; 71 Suppl 1:S42-53..
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      22. Ramsey TM, Snyder JK, Lovato LC, Roumie CL, Glasser SP, Cosgrove NM, Olney CM, Tang RH, Johnson KC, Still CH, Gren LH, Childs JC, Crago OL, Summerson JH, Walsh SM, Perdue LH, Bankowski DM, Goff DC. Recruitment strategies and challenges in a large intervention trial: Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial. Clin Trials. 2016 Jun; 13(3):319-30..
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      23. Carbone L, Johnson KC, Huang Y, Pettinger M, Thomas F, Cauley J, Crandall C, Tinker L, LeBoff MS, Wactawski-Wende J, Bethel M, Li W, Prentice R. Sodium Intake and Osteoporosis. Findings From the Women's Health Initiative. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Apr; 101(4):1414-21..
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      24. Eisenberg LS, Fisher LM, Johnson KC, Ganguly DH, Grace T, Niparko JK. Sentence Recognition in Quiet and Noise by Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users: Relationships to Spoken Language. Otol Neurotol. 2016 Feb; 37(2):e75-81..
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      25. Iannaccone A, Giorgianni F, New DD, Hollingsworth TJ, Umfress A, Alhatem AH, Neeli I, Lenchik NI, Jennings BJ, Calzada JI, Satterfield S, Mathews D, Diaz RI, Harris T, Johnson KC, Charles S, Kritchevsky SB, Gerling IC, Beranova-Giorgianni S, Radic MZ. Circulating Autoantibodies in Age-Related Macular Degeneration Recognize Human Macular Tissue Antigens Implicated in Autophagy, Immunomodulation, and Protection from Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis. PLoS One. 2015; 10(12):e0145323..
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      26. Johnson KC, Aragaki AK, Jackson R, Reiner A, Sandset PM, Rosing J, Dahm AE, Rosendaal F, Manson JE, Martin LW, Liu S, Kuller LH, Cushman M, Rossouw JE. Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor, Activated Protein C Resistance, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease Due To Combined Estrogen Plus Progestin Therapy. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2016 Feb; 36(2):418-24..
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      27. A Randomized Trial of Intensive versus Standard Blood-Pressure Control. N Engl J Med. 2015 Nov 26; 373(22):2103-16..
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      28. Espeland MA, Brinton RD, Hugenschmidt C, Manson JE, Craft S, Yaffe K, Weitlauf J, Vaughan L, Johnson KC, Padula CB, Jackson RD, Resnick SM. Impact of Type 2 Diabetes and Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy on Incidence of Cognitive Impairment in Older Women. Diabetes Care. 2015 Dec; 38(12):2316-24..
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      29. Kingsley SL, Eliot MN, Whitsel EA, Wang Y, Coull BA, Hou L, Margolis HG, Margolis KL, Mu L, Wu WC, Johnson KC, Allison MA, Manson JE, Eaton CB, Wellenius GA. Residential proximity to major roadways and incident hypertension in post-menopausal women. Environ Res. 2015 Oct; 142:522-8..
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      30. Sullivan SD, Lehman A, Thomas F, Johnson KC, Jackson R, Wactawski-Wende J, Ko M, Chen Z, Curb JD, Howard BV. Effects of self-reported age at nonsurgical menopause on time to first fracture and bone mineral density in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Menopause. 2015 Oct; 22(10):1035-44..
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      31. Beavers KM, Neiberg RH, Houston DK, Bray GA, Hill JO, Jakicic JM, Johnson KC, Kritchevsky SB. Body Weight Dynamics Following Intentional Weight Loss and Physical Performance: The Look AHEAD Movement and Memory Study. Obes Sci Pract. 2015 Oct; 1(1):12-22..
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      32. Alonso A, Bahnson JL, Gaussoin SA, Bertoni AG, Johnson KC, Lewis CE, Vetter M, Mantzoros CS, Jeffery RW, Soliman EZ. Effect of an intensive lifestyle intervention on atrial fibrillation risk in individuals with type 2 diabetes: the Look AHEAD randomized trial. Am Heart J. 2015 Oct; 170(4):770-777.e5.; NIHMSID: NIHMS711013 [Available on 10/01/16].
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      33. Carbone LD, Hovey KM, Andrews CA, Thomas F, Sorensen MD, Crandall CJ, Watts NB, Bethel M, Johnson KC. Urinary Tract Stones and Osteoporosis: Findings From the Women's Health Initiative. J Bone Miner Res. 2015 Nov; 30(11):2096-102..
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      34. Barnard JM, Fisher LM, Johnson KC, Eisenberg LS, Wang NY, Quittner AL, Carson CM, Niparko JK. A Prospective Longitudinal Study of U.S. Children Unable to Achieve Open-Set Speech Recognition 5 Years After Cochlear Implantation. Otol Neurotol. 2015 Jul; 36(6):985-92..
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      35. Chen JC, Espeland MA, Brunner RL, Lovato LC, Wallace RB, Leng X, Phillips LS, Robinson JG, Kotchen JM, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Sarto GE, Mysiw WJ. Sleep duration, cognitive decline, and dementia risk in older women. Alzheimers Dement. 2016 Jan; 12(1):21-33..
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      36. Gourlay ML, Overman RA, Fine JP, Ensrud KE, Crandall CJ, Gass ML, Robbins J, Johnson KC, LeBlanc ES, Womack CR, Schousboe JT, LaCroix AZ. Baseline age and time to major fracture in younger postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2015 Jun; 22(6):589-97..
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      37. Chlebowski RT, Rohan TE, Manson JE, Aragaki AK, Kaunitz A, Stefanick ML, Simon MS, Johnson KC, Wactawski-Wende J, O'Sullivan MJ, Adams-Campbell LL, Nassir R, Lessin LS, Prentice RL. Breast Cancer After Use of Estrogen Plus Progestin and Estrogen Alone: Analyses of Data From 2 Women's Health Initiative Randomized Clinical Trials. JAMA Oncol. 2015 Jun 1; 1(3):296-305..
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      38. LeBlanc ES, Hedlin H, Qin F, Desai M, Wactawski-Wende J, Perrin N, Manson JE, Johnson KC, Masaki K, Tylavsky FA, Stefanick ML. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation do not influence menopause-related symptoms: Results of the Women's Health Initiative Trial. Maturitas. 2015 Jul; 81(3):377-83..
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      39. Pownall HJ, Bray GA, Wagenknecht LE, Walkup MP, Heshka S, Hubbard VS, Hill J, Kahn SE, Nathan DM, Schwartz AV, Johnson KC. Changes in body composition over 8 years in a randomized trial of a lifestyle intervention: the look AHEAD study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Mar; 23(3):565-72..
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      40. Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Hovey KM, Andrews CA, Robinson JG, Johnson KC, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Crawford S, Qi L, Martin LW, Ockene J, Manson JE. Statin use and risk of haemorrhagic stroke in a community-based cohort of postmenopausal women: an observational study from the Women's Health Initiative. BMJ Open. 2015; 5(2):e007075..
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      41. Blondon M, Rodabough RJ, Budrys N, Johnson KC, Berger JS, Shikany JM, Raiesdana A, Heckbert SR, Manson JE, LaCroix AZ, Siscovick D, Kestenbaum B, Smith NL, de Boer IH. The effect of calcium plus vitamin D supplementation on the risk of venous thromboembolism. From the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Trial. Thromb Haemost. 2015 Apr 29; 113(5):999-1009..
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      42. Espeland MA, Probstfield J, Hire D, Redmon JB, Evans GW, Coday M, Lewis CE, Johnson KC, Wilmoth S, Bahnson J, Dulin MF, Green JB, Knowler WC, Kitabchi A, Murillo AL, Osei K, Rehman SU, Cushman WC. Systolic Blood Pressure Control Among Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis of Three Interventions. Am J Hypertens. 2015 Aug; 28(8):995-1009..
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      43. Crandall CJ, Yildiz VO, Wactawski-Wende J, Johnson KC, Chen Z, Going SB, Wright NC, Cauley JA. Postmenopausal weight change and incidence of fracture: post hoc findings from Women's Health Initiative Observational Study and Clinical Trials. BMJ. 2015; 350:h25..
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      44. Tabung FK, Steck SE, Ma Y, Liese AD, Zhang J, Caan B, Hou L, Johnson KC, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Shivappa N, Wactawski-Wende J, Ockene JK, Hebert JR. The association between dietary inflammatory index and risk of colorectal cancer among postmenopausal women: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer Causes Control. 2015 Mar; 26(3):399-408.; NIHMSID: NIHMS652366 [Available on 03/01/16].
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      45. Franceschini N, Hu Y, Reiner AP, Buyske S, Nalls M, Yanek LR, Li Y, Hindorff LA, Cole SA, Howard BV, Stafford JM, Carty CL, Sethupathy P, Martin LW, Lin DY, Johnson KC, Becker LC, North KE, Dehghan A, Bis JC, Liu Y, Greenland P, Manson JE, Maeda N, Garcia M, Harris TB, Becker DM, O'Donnell C, Heiss G, Kooperberg C, Boerwinkle E. Prospective Associations of Coronary Heart Disease Loci in African Americans Using the MetaboChip: The PAGE Study. PLoS One. 2014; 9(12):e113203..
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      46. Krukowski RA, Hare ME, Talcott GW, Johnson KC, Richey PA, Kocak M, Balderas J, Colvin L, Keller PL, Waters TM, Klesges RC. Dissemination of the Look AHEAD intensive lifestyle intervention in the United States Air Force: Study rationale, design and methods. Contemp Clin Trials. 2015 Jan; 40:232-9..
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      47. Espeland MA, Beavers KM, Gibbs BB, Johnson KC, Hughes TM, Baker LD, Jakicic J, Korytkowski M, Miller M, Bray GA. Ankle-brachial index and inter-artery blood pressure differences as predictors of cognitive function in overweight and obese older adults with diabetes: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes movement and memory study. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2015 Oct; 30(10):999-1007..
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      48. Vyas A, Rubenstein L, Robinson J, Seguin RA, Vitolins MZ, Kazlauskaite R, Shikany JM, Johnson KC, Snetselaar L, Wallace R. Diet Drink Consumption and the Risk of Cardiovascular Events: A Report from the Women's Health Initiative. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Apr; 30(4):462-8..
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      49. Stika CJ, Eisenberg LS, Johnson KC, Henning SC, Colson BG, Ganguly DH, DesJardin JL. Developmental outcomes of early-identified children who are hard of hearing at 12 to 18months of age. Early Hum Dev. 2015 Jan; 91(1):47-55..
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      50. Houston DK, Leng X, Bray GA, Hergenroeder AL, Hill JO, Jakicic JM, Johnson KC, Neiberg RH, Marsh AP, Rejeski WJ, Kritchevsky SB. A long-term intensive lifestyle intervention and physical function: The look AHEAD Movement and Memory Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Jan; 23(1):77-84..
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      51. LeBlanc ES, Desai M, Perrin N, Wactawski-Wende J, Manson JE, Cauley JA, Michael YL, Tang J, Womack C, Song Y, Johnson KC, O'Sullivan MJ, Woods N, Stefanick ML. Vitamin D levels and menopause-related symptoms. Menopause. 2014 Nov; 21(11):1197-203..
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      52. Thomson CA, Van Horn L, Caan BJ, Aragaki AK, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Rohan TE, Tinker LF, Kuller LH, Hou L, Lane DS, Johnson KC, Vitolins MZ, Prentice RL. Cancer Incidence and Mortality during the Intervention and Postintervention Periods of the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2014 Dec; 23(12):2924-35..
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      53. Espeland MA, Glick HA, Bertoni A, Brancati FL, Bray GA, Clark JM, Curtis JM, Egan C, Evans M, Foreyt JP, Ghazarian S, Gregg EW, Hazuda HP, Hill JO, Hire D, Horton ES, Hubbard VS, Jakicic JM, Jeffery RW, Johnson KC, Kahn SE, Killean T, Kitabchi AE, Knowler WC, Kriska A, Lewis CE, Miller M, Montez MG, Murillo A, Nathan DM, Nyenwe E, Patricio J, Peters AL, Pi-Sunyer X, Pownall H, Redmon JB, Rushing J, Ryan DH, Safford M, Tsai AG, Wadden TA, Wing RR, Yanovski SZ, Zhang P. Impact of an intensive lifestyle intervention on use and cost of medical services among overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes: the action for health in diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2014 Sep; 37(9):2548-56..
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      54. Lytle LA, Svetkey LP, Patrick K, Belle SH, Fernandez ID, Jakicic JM, Johnson KC, Olson CM, Tate DF, Wing R, Loria CM. The EARLY trials: a consortium of studies targeting weight control in young adults. Transl Behav Med. 2014 Sep; 4(3):304-13.; PMCID: PMC4167899.
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        View in: PubMed Central
      55. Lipkin EW, Schwartz AV, Anderson AM, Davis C, Johnson KC, Gregg EW, Bray GA, Berkowitz R, Peters AL, Hodges A, Lewis C, Kahn SE. The Look AHEAD Trial: Bone Loss at 4-Year Follow-up in Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2014 Oct; 37(10):2822-9..
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      56. Bavry AA, Thomas F, Allison M, Johnson KC, Howard BV, Hlatky M, Manson JE, Limacher MC. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cardiovascular outcomes in women: results from the women's health initiative. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2014 Jul; 7(4):603-10..
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      57. Rejeski WJ, Bray GA, Chen SH, Clark JM, Evans M, Hill JO, Jakicic JM, Johnson KC, Neiberg R, Ip EH. Aging and physical function in type 2 diabetes: 8 years of an intensive lifestyle intervention. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015 Mar; 70(3):345-53.; PMCID: PMC4351390.
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      58. Ambrosius WT, Sink KM, Foy CG, Berlowitz DR, Cheung AK, Cushman WC, Fine LJ, Goff DC, Johnson KC, Killeen AA, Lewis CE, Oparil S, Reboussin DM, Rocco MV, Snyder JK, Williamson JD, Wright JT, Whelton PK. The design and rationale of a multicenter clinical trial comparing two strategies for control of systolic blood pressure: the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT). Clin Trials. 2014 Oct; 11(5):532-46.; NIHMSID: NIHMS593625.
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      59. Rubin RR, Wadden TA, Bahnson JL, Blackburn GL, Brancati FL, Bray GA, Coday M, Crow SJ, Curtis JM, Dutton G, Egan C, Evans M, Ewing L, Faulconbridge L, Foreyt J, Gaussoin SA, Gregg EW, Hazuda HP, Hill JO, Horton ES, Hubbard VS, Jakicic JM, Jeffery RW, Johnson KC, Kahn SE, Knowler WC, Lang W, Lewis CE, Montez MG, Murillo A, Nathan DM, Patricio J, Peters A, Pi-Sunyer X, Pownall H, Rejeski WJ, Rosenthal RH, Ruelas V, Toledo K, Van Dorsten B, Vitolins M, Williamson D, Wing RR, Yanovski SZ, Zhang P. Impact of intensive lifestyle intervention on depression and health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetes: the Look AHEAD Trial. Diabetes Care. 2014 Jun; 37(6):1544-53.; PMCID: PMC4030096.
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      60. Roth JA, Etzioni R, Waters TM, Pettinger M, Rossouw JE, Anderson GL, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Hlatky M, Johnson KC, Ramsey SD. Economic return from the Women's Health Initiative estrogen plus progestin clinical trial: a modeling study. Ann Intern Med. 2014 May 6; 160(9):594-602..
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      61. Zaslavsky O, Cochrane BB, Woods NF, LaCroix AZ, Liu J, Herting JR, Goveas JS, Johnson KC, Kuller LH, Martin LW, Michael YL, Robinson JG, Stefanick M, Tinker LF. Trajectories of positive aging: observations from the women's health initiative study. Int Psychogeriatr. 2014 Aug; 26(8):1351-62..
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      62. Espeland MA, Rapp SR, Bray GA, Houston DK, Johnson KC, Kitabchi AE, Hergenroeder AL, Williamson J, Jakicic JM, van Dorsten B, Kritchevsky SB. Long-term impact of behavioral weight loss intervention on cognitive function. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 Sep; 69(9):1101-8..
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      63. Espeland MA, Lewis CE, Bahnson J, Knowler WC, Regensteiner JG, Gaussoin SA, Beavers D, Johnson KC. Impact of weight loss on ankle-brachial index and interartery blood pressures. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Apr; 22(4):1032-41..
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      64. Beasley JM, LaCroix AZ, Larson JC, Huang Y, Neuhouser ML, Tinker LF, Jackson R, Snetselaar L, Johnson KC, Eaton CB, Prentice RL. Biomarker-calibrated protein intake and bone health in the Women's Health Initiative clinical trials and observational study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Apr; 99(4):934-40..
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      65. McTigue KM, Chang YF, Eaton C, Garcia L, Johnson KC, Lewis CE, Liu S, Mackey RH, Robinson J, Rosal MC, Snetselaar L, Valoski A, Kuller LH. Severe obesity, heart disease, and death among white, African American, and Hispanic postmenopausal women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Mar; 22(3):801-10..
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      66. Robbins JA, Aragaki A, Crandall CJ, Manson JE, Carbone L, Jackson R, Lewis CE, Johnson KC, Sarto G, Stefanick ML, Wactawski-Wende J. Women's Health Initiative clinical trials: interaction of calcium and vitamin D with hormone therapy. Menopause. 2014 Feb; 21(2):116-23..
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      67. Hlatky MA, Ray RM, Burwen DR, Margolis KL, Johnson KC, Kucharska-Newton A, Manson JE, Robinson JG, Safford MM, Allison M, Assimes TL, Bavry AA, Berger J, Cooper-DeHoff RM, Heckbert SR, Li W, Liu S, Martin LW, Perez MV, Tindle HA, Winkelmayer WC, Stefanick ML. Use of Medicare data to identify coronary heart disease outcomes in the Women's Health Initiative. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2014 Jan; 7(1):157-62..
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      68. Haring B, Leng X, Robinson J, Johnson KC, Jackson RD, Beyth R, Wactawski-Wende J, von Ballmoos MW, Goveas JS, Kuller LH, Wassertheil-Smoller S. Cardiovascular disease and cognitive decline in postmenopausal women: results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2013 Dec; 2(6):e000369..
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      69. Wing RR, Leahey T, Jeffery R, Johnson KC, Hill JO, Coday M, Espeland MA. Do weight loss and adherence cluster within behavioral treatment groups? Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Mar; 22(3):638-44..
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      70. Cauley JA, Chlebowski RT, Wactawski-Wende J, Robbins JA, Rodabough RJ, Chen Z, Johnson KC, O'Sullivan MJ, Jackson RD, Manson JE. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and health outcomes five years after active intervention ended: the Women's Health Initiative. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2013 Nov; 22(11):915-29..
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      71. Dumitrescu L, Carty CL, Franceschini N, Hindorff LA, Cole SA, Bužková P, Schumacher FR, Eaton CB, Goodloe RJ, Duggan DJ, Haessler J, Cochran B, Henderson BE, Cheng I, Johnson KC, Carlson CS, Love SA, Brown-Gentry K, Nato AQ, Quibrera M, Shohet RV, Ambite JL, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L, Haiman CA, Buyske S, Kooperberg C, North KE, Fornage M, Crawford DC. No evidence of interaction between known lipid-associated genetic variants and smoking in the multi-ethnic PAGE population. Hum Genet. 2013 Dec; 132(12):1427-31..
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      72. Manson JE, Chlebowski RT, Stefanick ML, Aragaki AK, Rossouw JE, Prentice RL, Anderson G, Howard BV, Thomson CA, LaCroix AZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Jackson RD, Limacher M, Margolis KL, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Beresford SA, Cauley JA, Eaton CB, Gass M, Hsia J, Johnson KC, Kooperberg C, Kuller LH, Lewis CE, Liu S, Martin LW, Ockene JK, O'Sullivan MJ, Powell LH, Simon MS, Van Horn L, Vitolins MZ, Wallace RB. Menopausal hormone therapy and health outcomes during the intervention and extended poststopping phases of the Women's Health Initiative randomized trials. JAMA. 2013 Oct 2; 310(13):1353-68..
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      136. Wing RR, Jakicic J, Neiberg R, Lang W, Blair SN, Cooper L, Hill JO, Johnson KC, Lewis CE. Fitness, fatness, and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes: look ahead study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Dec; 39(12):2107-16..
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      137. Huang AJ, Ettinger B, Vittinghoff E, Ensrud KE, Johnson KC, Cummings SR. Endogenous estrogen levels and the effects of ultra-low-dose transdermal estradiol therapy on bone turnover and BMD in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res. 2007 Nov; 22(11):1791-7..
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      138. Kooperberg C, Cushman M, Hsia J, Robinson JG, Aragaki AK, Lynch JK, Baird AE, Johnson KC, Kuller LH, Beresford SA, Rodriguez B. Can biomarkers identify women at increased stroke risk? The Women's Health Initiative Hormone Trials. PLoS Clin Trials. 2007; 2(6):e28..
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      139. Iannaccone A, Mura M, Gallaher KT, Johnson EJ, Todd WA, Kenyon E, Harris TL, Harris T, Satterfield S, Johnson KC, Kritchevsky SB. Macular pigment optical density in the elderly: findings in a large biracial Midsouth population sample. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Apr; 48(4):1458-65.; NIHMSID: NIHMS42631.
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      140. Gallaher KT, Mura M, Todd WA, Harris TL, Kenyon E, Harris T, Johnson KC, Satterfield S, Kritchevsky SB, Iannaccone A. Estimation of macular pigment optical density in the elderly: test-retest variability and effect of optical blur in pseudophakic subjects. Vision Res. 2007 Apr; 47(9):1253-9.; NIHMSID: NIHMS42630.
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      141. Reduction in weight and cardiovascular disease risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes: one-year results of the look AHEAD trial. Diabetes Care. 2007 Jun; 30(6):1374-83..
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      142. Cui Y, Page DL, Chlebowski RT, Hsia J, Allan Hubbell F, Johnson KC, Rohan TE. Cigarette smoking and risk of benign proliferative epithelial disorders of the breast in the Women's Health Initiative. Cancer Causes Control. 2007 May; 18(4):431-8..
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      143. Hsia J, Heiss G, Ren H, Allison M, Dolan NC, Greenland P, Heckbert SR, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Sidney S, Trevisan M. Calcium/vitamin D supplementation and cardiovascular events. Circulation. 2007 Feb 20; 115(7):846-54..
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      144. Klein R, Deng Y, Klein BE, Hyman L, Seddon J, Frank RN, Wallace RB, Hendrix SL, Kuppermann BD, Langer RD, Kuller L, Brunner R, Johnson KC, Thomas AM, Haan M. Cardiovascular disease, its risk factors and treatment, and age-related macular degeneration: Women's Health Initiative Sight Exam ancillary study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Mar; 143(3):473-83..
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      145. Yaffe K, Vittinghoff E, Ensrud KE, Johnson KC, Diem S, Hanes V, Grady D. Effects of ultra-low-dose transdermal estradiol on cognition and health-related quality of life. Arch Neurol. 2006 Jul; 63(7):945-50..
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      146. Bonds DE, Larson JC, Schwartz AV, Strotmeyer ES, Robbins J, Rodriguez BL, Johnson KC, Margolis KL. Risk of fracture in women with type 2 diabetes: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Sep; 91(9):3404-10..
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      147. Hendrix SL, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Johnson KC, Howard BV, Kooperberg C, Rossouw JE, Trevisan M, Aragaki A, Baird AE, Bray PF, Buring JE, Criqui MH, Herrington D, Lynch JK, Rapp SR, Torner J. Effects of conjugated equine estrogen on stroke in the Women's Health Initiative. Circulation. 2006 May 23; 113(20):2425-34..
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      148. Eisenberg LS, Johnson KC, Martinez AS, Cokely CG, Tobey EA, Quittner AL, Fink NE, Wang NY, Niparko JK. Speech recognition at 1-year follow-up in the childhood development after cochlear implantation study: Methods and preliminary findings. Audiol Neurootol. 2006; 11(4):259-68..
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      149. Koster A, Bosma H, Penninx BW, Newman AB, Harris TB, van Eijk JT, Kempen GI, Simonsick EM, Johnson KC, Rooks RN, Ayonayon HN, Rubin SM, Kritchevsky SB. Association of inflammatory markers with socioeconomic status. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2006 Mar; 61(3):284-90..
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      150. Wactawski-Wende J, Kotchen JM, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Brunner RL, O'Sullivan MJ, Margolis KL, Ockene JK, Phillips L, Pottern L, Prentice RL, Robbins J, Rohan TE, Sarto GE, Sharma S, Stefanick ML, Van Horn L, Wallace RB, Whitlock E, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black HR, Bonds DE, Brzyski RG, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Cochrane B, Garland C, Gass M, Hays J, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Howard BV, Hsia J, Hubbell FA, Jackson RD, Johnson KC, Judd H, Kooperberg CL, Kuller LH, LaCroix AZ, Lane DS, Langer RD, Lasser NL, Lewis CE, Limacher MC, Manson JE. Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of colorectal cancer. N Engl J Med. 2006 Feb 16; 354(7):684-96..
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      151. Hsia J, Langer RD, Manson JE, Kuller L, Johnson KC, Hendrix SL, Pettinger M, Heckbert SR, Greep N, Crawford S, Eaton CB, Kostis JB, Caralis P, Prentice R. Conjugated equine estrogens and coronary heart disease: the Women's Health Initiative. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Feb 13; 166(3):357-65..
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      152. Prentice RL, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Patterson R, Kuller LH, Ockene JK, Margolis KL, Limacher MC, Manson JE, Parker LM, Paskett E, Phillips L, Robbins J, Rossouw JE, Sarto GE, Shikany JM, Stefanick ML, Thomson CA, Van Horn L, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Wallace RB, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Whitlock E, Yano K, Adams-Campbell L, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Beresford SA, Black HR, Brunner RL, Brzyski RG, Ford L, Gass M, Hays J, Heber D, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Hsia J, Hubbell FA, Jackson RD, Johnson KC, Kotchen JM, LaCroix AZ, Lane DS, Langer RD, Lasser NL, Henderson MM. Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of invasive breast cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006 Feb 8; 295(6):629-42..
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      153. Beresford SA, Johnson KC, Ritenbaugh C, Lasser NL, Snetselaar LG, Black HR, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Bassford T, Bowen D, Brunner RL, Brzyski RG, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Gass M, Harrigan RC, Hays J, Heber D, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Howard BV, Hsia J, Hubbell FA, Jackson RD, Kotchen JM, Kuller LH, LaCroix AZ, Lane DS, Langer RD, Lewis CE, Manson JE, Margolis KL, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Ockene JK, Parker LM, Perri MG, Phillips L, Prentice RL, Robbins J, Rossouw JE, Sarto GE, Stefanick ML, Van Horn L, Vitolins MZ, Wactawski-Wende J, Wallace RB, Whitlock E. Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of colorectal cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006 Feb 8; 295(6):643-54..
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      154. Howard BV, Van Horn L, Hsia J, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Kuller LH, LaCroix AZ, Langer RD, Lasser NL, Lewis CE, Limacher MC, Margolis KL, Mysiw WJ, Ockene JK, Parker LM, Perri MG, Phillips L, Prentice RL, Robbins J, Rossouw JE, Sarto GE, Schatz IJ, Snetselaar LG, Stevens VJ, Tinker LF, Trevisan M, Vitolins MZ, Anderson GL, Assaf AR, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black HR, Brunner RL, Brzyski RG, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Gass M, Granek I, Greenland P, Hays J, Heber D, Heiss G, Hendrix SL, Hubbell FA, Johnson KC, Kotchen JM. Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial. JAMA. 2006 Feb 8; 295(6):655-66..
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      155. McTiernan A, Martin CF, Peck JD, Aragaki AK, Chlebowski RT, Pisano ED, Wang CY, Brunner RL, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Lewis CE, Kotchen JM, Hulka BS. Estrogen-plus-progestin use and mammographic density in postmenopausal women: Women's Health Initiative randomized trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Sep 21; 97(18):1366-76..
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      156. Ettinger B, Ensrud KE, Wallace R, Johnson KC, Cummings SR, Yankov V, Vittinghoff E, Grady D. Effects of ultralow-dose transdermal estradiol on bone mineral density: a randomized clinical trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Sep; 104(3):443-51..
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      157. Anderson GL, Limacher M, Assaf AR, Bassford T, Beresford SA, Black H, Bonds D, Brunner R, Brzyski R, Caan B, Chlebowski R, Curb D, Gass M, Hays J, Heiss G, Hendrix S, Howard BV, Hsia J, Hubbell A, Jackson R, Johnson KC, Judd H, Kotchen JM, Kuller L, LaCroix AZ, Lane D, Langer RD, Lasser N, Lewis CE, Manson J, Margolis K, Ockene J, O'Sullivan MJ, Phillips L, Prentice RL, Ritenbaugh C, Robbins J, Rossouw JE, Sarto G, Stefanick ML, Van Horn L, Wactawski-Wende J, Wallace R, Wassertheil-Smoller S. Effects of conjugated equine estrogen in postmenopausal women with hysterectomy: the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2004 Apr 14; 291(14):1701-12..
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      158. Johnson KC, Klesges LM, Somes GW, Coday MC, DeBon M. Access of over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapy products to minors. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Mar; 158(3):212-6..
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      159. Ryan DH, Espeland MA, Foster GD, Haffner SM, Hubbard VS, Johnson KC, Kahn SE, Knowler WC, Yanovski SZ. Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes): design and methods for a clinical trial of weight loss for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes. Control Clin Trials. 2003 Oct; 24(5):610-28..
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      160. Curb JD, McTiernan A, Heckbert SR, Kooperberg C, Stanford J, Nevitt M, Johnson KC, Proulx-Burns L, Pastore L, Criqui M, Daugherty S. Outcomes ascertainment and adjudication methods in the Women's Health Initiative. Ann Epidemiol. 2003 Oct; 13(9 Suppl):S122-8..
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      161. Manson JE, Hsia J, Johnson KC, Rossouw JE, Assaf AR, Lasser NL, Trevisan M, Black HR, Heckbert SR, Detrano R, Strickland OL, Wong ND, Crouse JR, Stein E, Cushman M. Estrogen plus progestin and the risk of coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med. 2003 Aug 7; 349(6):523-34..
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      162. Klesges LM, Johnson KC, Somes G, Zbikowski S, Robinson L. Use of nicotine replacement therapy in adolescent smokers and nonsmokers. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 Jun; 157(6):517-22..
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      163. Rapp SR, Espeland MA, Shumaker SA, Henderson VW, Brunner RL, Manson JE, Gass ML, Stefanick ML, Lane DS, Hays J, Johnson KC, Coker LH, Dailey M, Bowen D. Effect of estrogen plus progestin on global cognitive function in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2003 May 28; 289(20):2663-72..
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      164. Kostis JB, Wilson AC, Hooper WC, Harrison KW, Philipp CS, Appel LJ, Espeland MA, Folmar S, Johnson KC. Association of angiotensin-converting enzyme DD genotype with blood pressure sensitivity to weight loss. Am Heart J. 2002 Oct; 144(4):625-9..
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      165. Johnson KC. Audiologic assessment of children with suspected hearing loss. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2002 Aug; 35(4):711-32..
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      166. Rossouw JE, Anderson GL, Prentice RL, LaCroix AZ, Kooperberg C, Stefanick ML, Jackson RD, Beresford SA, Howard BV, Johnson KC, Kotchen JM, Ockene J. Risks and benefits of estrogen plus progestin in healthy postmenopausal women: principal results From the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2002 Jul 17; 288(3):321-33..
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      167. Pahor M, Franse LV, Deitcher SR, Cushman WC, Johnson KC, Shorr RI, Kottke-Marchant K, Tracy RP, Somes GW, Applegate WB. Fosinopril versus amlodipine comparative treatments study: a randomized trial to assess effects on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1. Circulation. 2002 Jan 29; 105(4):457-61..
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