Stephen G. Sanko, MD

Title(s)Assistant Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine
SchoolKeck School of Medicine of Usc
AddressGNH 1011, 1200 N State Street Rm 1011
Off Campus
Los Angeles CA 90033
Phone+1 323 226 6667
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)EMS Fellowship Director

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    Collapse Overview
    Stephen Sanko is an Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine at the Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California and Associate Director of the Emergency Medical Services Fellowship.

    As the DEM’s first ACGME-accredited fellow, he helped develop and implement the new 9-1-1 Los Angeles Tiered Dispatch System and later several other novel models of prehospital care, including: the Advanced Practice Response and Sober Unit programs, state-sponsored pilot programs for paramedic-initiated alterative destination transport, and 9-1-1 based telemedicine. His research is focuses on cardiac arrest, bystander response, mobile integrated health care in the City of Los Angeles.

    Dr. Sanko is a member of the Los Angeles County EMS Agency Medical Advisory Council, Chair of the LAC+USC CPR Committee and DHS Inpatient Resuscitation Committee, and he has served on national committees for the American College of Emergency Physicians and National Association of EMS Physicians. He completed both his residency training in Emergency Medicine and fellowship in Emergency Medical Services at Los Angeles County/University of Southern California Medical Center.

    Dr. Sanko has published over 40 peer-reviewed abstracts, articles, book chapters, and translations, and has lectured in the US and South America on various EMS topics.

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. A Novel Algorithm for Improving the Prehospital Diagnostic Accuracy of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2024 Feb; 39(1):37-44. Goebel M, Westafer LM, Ayala SA, Ragone E, Chapman SJ, Mohammed MR, Cohen MR, Niemann JT, Eckstein M, Sanko S, Bosson N. PMID: 38047380; PMCID: PMC10922545.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Does Housing Status Matter in Emergency Medical Services Administration of Naloxone? A Prehospital Cross-sectional Study. West J Emerg Med. 2023 09; 24(5):831-838. Abramson TM, Abramson CM, Burner E, Eckstein M, Sanko S, Wenzel S. PMID: 37788022; PMCID: PMC10527833.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Older Adult Frequent 9-1-1 Callers for Emergency Medical Services in a Large Metropolitan City: Individual- and System-Level Considerations. J Emerg Med. 2023 12; 65(6):e522-e530. Martínez B, Aranda MP, Sanko S, Aguilar I, Vega WA. PMID: 37852810; PMCID: PMC10871157.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Association between a Post-Resuscitation Care Bundle and the Odds of Field Rearrest after Successful Resuscitation from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Pre/Post Study. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2024; 28(1):98-106. Toy J, Tolles J, Bosson N, Hauck A, Abramson T, Sanko S, Kazan C, Eckstein M, Gausche-Hill M, Schlesinger SA. PMID: 36692410.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Implementation of a regional extracorporeal membrane oxygenation program for refractory ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 2023 06; 187:109711. Bosson N, Kazan C, Sanko S, Abramson T, Eckstein M, Eisner D, Geiderman J, Ghurabi W, Gudzenko V, Mehra A, Torbati S, Uner A, Gausche-Hill M, Shavelle D. PMID: 36720300.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Cognitive load during training for out-of-department emergency responses. AEM Educ Train. 2022 Jun; 6(3):e10742. Dworkis DA, Jain A, Wolfe M, Sanko S, Arora S. PMID: 35656534; PMCID: PMC9125507.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4  
    7. Prehospital Predictors of Atypical STEMI Symptoms. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2022 Nov-Dec; 26(6):756-763. Taylor TG, Stickney RE, French WJ, Jollis JG, Kontos MC, Niemann JT, Sanko SG, Eckstein MK, Bosson N. PMID: 34748467.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Use of Naloxone in 9-1-1 Patients without Respiratory Depression in Los Angeles County, California (USA). Prehosp Disaster Med. 2021 Oct; 36(5):543-546. Jenkins C, Levine M, Sanko S, Kazan C, Thomas CE, Eckstein M. PMID: 34425934.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Spatiotemporal analysis of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the City of Los Angeles, 2011-2019. Resuscitation. 2021 08; 165:110-118. Fleming D, Owens A, Eckstein M, Sanko S. PMID: 34119555.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Comparison of Emergency Medical Dispatch Systems for Performance of Telecommunicator-Assisted Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Among 9-1-1 Callers With Limited English Proficiency. JAMA Netw Open. 2021 06 01; 4(6):e216827. Sanko S, Feng S, Lane C, Eckstein M. PMID: 34076700; PMCID: PMC8173370.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Implementation of the Los Angeles Tiered Dispatch System is associated with an increase in telecommunicator-assisted CPR. Resuscitation. 2020 10; 155:74-81. Sanko S, Kashani S, Lane C, Eckstein M. PMID: 32721415.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Emergency Medical Services Utilization by Homeless Patients. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2021 May-Jun; 25(3):333-340. Abramson TM, Sanko S, Eckstein M. PMID: 32501745.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Effect of New 9-1-1 System on Efficiency of Initial Resource Assignment. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2020 Sep-Oct; 24(5):634-643. Sanko S, Lane C, Eckstein M. PMID: 31664875.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Impact of a New 9-1-1 Dispatch System on Call-Processing Times for Time-Critical Emergencies in the City of Los Angeles. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2020 Jul-Aug; 24(4):537-543. Sanko S, Lane C, Eckstein M. PMID: 31524547.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Advanced Practice Providers in the Field: Implementation of the Los Angeles Fire Department Advanced Provider Response Unit. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2020 Sep-Oct; 24(5):693-703. Sanko S, Kashani S, Ito T, Guggenheim A, Fei S, Eckstein M. PMID: 31621447.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Safety of Tiered-Dispatch for 911 Calls for Abdominal Pain. West J Emerg Med. 2019 Oct 17; 20(6):957-961. Abramson TM, Sanko S, Kashani S, Eckstein M. PMID: 31738724; PMCID: PMC6860400.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Prime the Line! A Case Report of Air Embolism from a Peripheral IV Line in the Field. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2020 Jul-Aug; 24(4):576-579. Abramson TM, Sanko S, Kashani S, Eckstein M. PMID: 31557065.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. The Digital EMS California Academy of Learning: One State's Innovative Approach to EMS Fellow Education. AEM Educ Train. 2019 Jan; 3(1):96-99. Staats K, Mercer MP, Bosson N, Joelle Donofrio J, Schlesinger S, Sanko S, Kazan C, Brown J, Loza-Gomez A, Eckstein M, Gausche-Hill M. PMID: 30680354; PMCID: PMC6339540.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    19. The Critical Role of Dispatch. Cardiol Clin. 2018 Aug; 36(3):343-350. Kashani S, Sanko S, Eckstein M. PMID: 30293600.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. A New Tradition: Nurse practitioner unit helps L.A. Fire Department meet increased demand. JEMS. 2017 02; 42(2):59-62. Sanko S, Ito T, Guggenheim A, Eckstein M. PMID: 29215837.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Causes of Prehospital Misinterpretations of ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2017 May-Jun; 21(3):283-290. Bosson N, Sanko S, Stickney RE, Niemann J, French WJ, Jollis JG, Kontos MC, Taylor TG, Macfarlane PW, Tadeo R, Koenig W, Eckstein M. PMID: 27858506.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Impact of the Use of Regional Poison Control Centers in an Urban EMS Dispatch System. J Med Toxicol. 2017 03; 13(1):47-51. Levine M, Flores J, Seabury SA, Sanko S, Eckstein M. PMID: 27718162; PMCID: PMC5330961.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Assessing the Risk of Prehospital Administration of Naloxone with Subsequent Refusal of Care. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2016 Sep-Oct; 20(5):566-9. Levine M, Sanko S, Eckstein M. PMID: 27018626.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Interfacility Transports Utilizing the 9-1-1 Emergency Medical Services System. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2015; 19(4):490-5. Eckstein M, Schlesinger SA, Sanko S. PMID: 25909809.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. PTEN, DMBT1, and p16 alterations in diffusely infiltrating astrocytomas. Int J Oncol. 2002 Sep; 21(3):667-74. Fan X, Muñoz J, Sanko SG, Castresana JS. PMID: 12168116.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells