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Shikun He, MD

TitleAssociate Professor of Clinical Pathology
InstitutionUniversity of Southern California
DepartmentPathology
AddressNRT 1450 Biggy Street
Off Campus
Los Angeles CA 90089-9601
Phone+1 323 442 6621
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    My research interests are focused on the roles of the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell in the development of choroidal neovascularization(CNV) in age related macular degeneration and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). In particular I am interested in the roles of growth factors and cytokines produced by RPE and its regulation by epigenetic factors in pathogenesis of CNV and PVR by using molecular biology techniques and animal studies.


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Ishikawa K, He S, Terasaki H, Nazari H, Zhang H, Spee C, Kannan R, Hinton DR. Resveratrol inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition of retinal pigment epithelium and development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Sci Rep. 2015 Nov 10; 5:16386. PMID: 26552368; PMCID: PMC4639835.
    2. He S, Barron E, Ishikawa K, Nazari Khanamiri H, Spee C, Zhou P, Kase S, Wang Z, Dustin LD, Hinton DR. Inhibition of DNA Methylation and Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2 Suppresses RPE Transdifferentiation: Relevance to Proliferative Vitreoretinopathy. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Aug; 56(9):5579-89. PMID: 26305530; PMCID: PMC4553933.
    3. Zhang H, He S, Spee C, Ishikawa K, Hinton DR. SIRT1 mediated inhibition of VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling by Resveratrol and its relevance to choroidal neovascularization. Cytokine. 2015 Dec; 76(2):549-552. PMID: 26174951; PMCID: PMC4605850 [Available on 12/01/16].
    4. Chan N, He S, Spee CK, Ishikawa K, Hinton DR. Attenuation of choroidal neovascularization by histone deacetylase inhibitor. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0120587. PMID: 25807249; PMCID: PMC4373846.
    5. Hirano Y, Yasuma T, Mizutani T, Fowler BJ, Tarallo V, Yasuma R, Kim Y, Bastos-Carvalho A, Kerur N, Gelfand BD, Bogdanovich S, He S, Zhang X, Nozaki M, Ijima R, Kaneko H, Ogura Y, Terasaki H, Nagai H, Haro I, Núñez G, Ambati BK, Hinton DR, Ambati J. IL-18 is not therapeutic for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Nat Med. 2014 Dec; 20(12):1372-5. PMID: 25473914; PMCID: PMC4275546.
    6. He S, Li X, Chan N, Hinton DR. Review: Epigenetic mechanisms in ocular disease. Mol Vis. 2013; 19:665-74. PMID: 23559860; PMCID: PMC3611946.
    7. Sohn EH, He S, Kim LA, Salehi-Had H, Javaheri M, Spee C, Dustin L, Hinton DR, Eliott D. Angiofibrotic response to vascular endothelial growth factor inhibition in diabetic retinal detachment: report no. 1. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012 Sep; 130(9):1127-34. PMID: 22965588; PMCID: PMC3984910.
    8. Dou G, Sreekumar PG, Spee C, He S, Ryan SJ, Kannan R, Hinton DR. Deficiency of aB crystallin augments ER stress-induced apoptosis by enhancing mitochondrial dysfunction. Free Radic Biol Med. 2012 Sep 01; 53(5):1111-22. PMID: 22781655; PMCID: PMC3454510.
    9. Xu J, Zhu D, Sonoda S, He S, Spee C, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Over-expression of BMP4 inhibits experimental choroidal neovascularization by modulating VEGF and MMP-9. Angiogenesis. 2012 Jun; 15(2):213-27. PMID: 22392094; PMCID: PMC3413482.
    10. Khankan R, Oliver N, He S, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Regulation of fibronectin-EDA through CTGF domain-specific interactions with TGFß2 and its receptor TGFßRII. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Jul 07; 52(8):5068-78. PMID: 21571675; PMCID: PMC3176038.
    11. Xu J, Zhu D, He S, Spee C, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Transcriptional regulation of bone morphogenetic protein 4 by tumor necrosis factor and its relationship with age-related macular degeneration. FASEB J. 2011 Jul; 25(7):2221-33. PMID: 21411747; PMCID: PMC3114537.
    12. Zhou J, He S, Zhang N, Spee C, Zhou P, Ryan SJ, Kannan R, Hinton DR. Neutrophils compromise retinal pigment epithelial barrier integrity. J Biomed Biotechnol. 2010; 2010:289360. PMID: 20204129; PMCID: PMC2831460.
    13. Kase S, He S, Sonoda S, Kitamura M, Spee C, Wawrousek E, Ryan SJ, Kannan R, Hinton DR. alphaB-crystallin regulation of angiogenesis by modulation of VEGF. Blood. 2010 Apr 22; 115(16):3398-406. PMID: 20023214; PMCID: PMC2858494.
    14. He S, Kumar SR, Zhou P, Krasnoperov V, Ryan SJ, Gill PS, Hinton DR. Soluble EphB4 inhibition of PDGF-induced RPE migration in vitro. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jan; 51(1):543-52. PMID: 19696168; PMCID: PMC2828363.
    15. Kim YH, He S, Kase S, Kitamura M, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Regulated secretion of complement factor H by RPE and its role in RPE migration. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2009 May; 247(5):651-9. PMID: 19214553; PMCID: PMC2756295.
    16. He S, Chen Y, Khankan R, Barron E, Burton R, Zhu D, Ryan SJ, Oliver N, Hinton DR. Connective tissue growth factor as a mediator of intraocular fibrosis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Sep; 49(9):4078-88. PMID: 18450591; PMCID: PMC2667831.
    17. He S, Yaung J, Kim YH, Barron E, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by oxidative stress in retinal pigment epithelial cells. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2008 May; 246(5):677-83. PMID: 18278507.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Agrawal RN, He S, Spee C, Cui JZ, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. In vivo models of proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Nat Protoc. 2007; 2(1):67-77. PMID: 17401340.
      View in: PubMed
    19. He S, Incardona F, Jin M, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Thrombospondin-1 expression in RPE and choroidal neovascular membranes. Yan Ke Xue Bao. 2006 Dec; 22(4):265-74. PMID: 17378161.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Hoffmann S, He S, Ehren M, Ryan SJ, Wiedemann P, Hinton DR. MMP-2 and MMP-9 secretion by rpe is stimulated by angiogenic molecules found in choroidal neovascular membranes. Retina. 2006 Apr; 26(4):454-61. PMID: 16603966.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Gamulescu MA, Chen Y, He S, Spee C, Jin M, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Transforming growth factor beta2-induced myofibroblastic differentiation of human retinal pigment epithelial cells: regulation by extracellular matrix proteins and hepatocyte growth factor. Exp Eye Res. 2006 Jul; 83(1):212-22. PMID: 16563380.
      View in: PubMed
    22. He S, Ding Y, Zhou J, Krasnoperov V, Zozulya S, Kumar SR, Ryan SJ, Gill PS, Hinton DR. Soluble EphB4 regulates choroidal endothelial cell function and inhibits laser-induced choroidal neovascularization. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Dec; 46(12):4772-9. PMID: 16303978.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Hangai M, He S, Hoffmann S, Lim JI, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Sequential induction of angiogenic growth factors by TNF-alpha in choroidal endothelial cells. J Neuroimmunol. 2006 Feb; 171(1-2):45-56. PMID: 16288810.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Jin M, Yaung J, Kannan R, He S, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Hepatocyte growth factor protects RPE cells from apoptosis induced by glutathione depletion. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Nov; 46(11):4311-9. PMID: 16249513.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Hoffmann S, He S, Jin M, Ehren M, Wiedemann P, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. A selective cyclic integrin antagonist blocks the integrin receptors alphavbeta3 and alphavbeta5 and inhibits retinal pigment epithelium cell attachment, migration and invasion. BMC Ophthalmol. 2005 Jun 29; 5:16. PMID: 15987521; PMCID: PMC1184086.
    26. Zhou J, Pham L, Zhang N, He S, Gamulescu MA, Spee C, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Neutrophils promote experimental choroidal neovascularization. Mol Vis. 2005 Jun 16; 11:414-24. PMID: 15988410.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Hoffmann S, He S, Jin ML, Masiero L, Wiedemann P, Ryan SJ, Kohn EC. Carboxyamido-triazole modulates retinal pigment epithelial and choroidal endothelial cell attachment, migration, proliferation, and MMP-2 secretion of choroidal endothelial cells. Curr Eye Res. 2005 Feb; 30(2):103-13. PMID: 15814468.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Hinton DR, Spee C, He S, Weitz S, Usinger W, LaBree L, Oliver N, Lim JI. Accumulation of NH2-terminal fragment of connective tissue growth factor in the vitreous of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes Care. 2004 Mar; 27(3):758-64. PMID: 14988298.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Jin M, Chen Y, He S, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Hepatocyte growth factor and its role in the pathogenesis of retinal detachment. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Jan; 45(1):323-9. PMID: 14691191.
      View in: PubMed
    30. He S, Jin ML, Worpel V, Hinton DR. A role for connective tissue growth factor in the pathogenesis of choroidal neovascularization. Arch Ophthalmol. 2003 Sep; 121(9):1283-8. PMID: 12963611.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Jin M, Barron E, He S, Ryan SJ, Hinton DR. Regulation of RPE intercellular junction integrity and function by hepatocyte growth factor. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Aug; 43(8):2782-90. PMID: 12147616.
      View in: PubMed
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