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Mitchell E. Geffner, MD

Title(s)Professor of Pediatrics
Phone+1 323 361 7032
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    Title(s)Division Chief - Endocrinology


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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Kim MS, Koppin CM, Mohan P, Goodarzian F, Ross HM, Geffner ME, De Filippo R, Kokorowski P. Absence of Testicular Adrenal Rest Tumors in Newborns, Infants, and Toddlers with Classical Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia. Horm Res Paediatr. 2019 Nov 20; 1-5. PMID: 31747670.
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    2. Jao J, Jacobson DL, Yu W, Borkowsky W, Geffner ME, McFarland EJ, Patel K, Williams PL, Miller T. A Comparison of Metabolic Outcomes Between Obese HIV-Exposed Uninfected Youth From the PHACS SMARTT Study and HIV-Unexposed Youth From the NHANES Study in the United States. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019 Jul 01; 81(3):319-327. PMID: 30844997.
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    3. Dhaliwal R, Shepherd JA, El Ghormli L, Copeland KC, Geffner ME, Higgins J, Levitsky LL, Nadeau KJ, Weinstock RS, White NH. Changes in Visceral and Subcutaneous Fat in Youth With Type 2 Diabetes in the TODAY Study. Diabetes Care. 2019 Aug; 42(8):1549-1559. PMID: 31167889.
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    4. Margossian R, Williams PL, Yu W, Jacobson DL, Geffner ME, DiMeglio LA, Van Dyke RB, Spector SA, Schuster GU, Stephensen CB, Miller TL, Lipshultz SE. Markers of Bone Mineral Metabolism and Cardiac Structure and Function in Perinatally HIV-Infected and HIV-Exposed but Uninfected Children and Adolescents. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019 Jun 01; 81(2):238-246. PMID: 30865170.
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    5. Miller BS, Spencer SP, Geffner ME, Gourgari E, Lahoti A, Kamboj MK, Stanley TL, Uli NK, Wicklow BA, Sarafoglou K. Emergency management of adrenal insufficiency in children: advocating for treatment options in outpatient and field settings. J Investig Med. 2019 Feb 28. PMID: 30819831.
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    6. Davis SM, Geffner ME. Cardiometabolic health in Turner syndrome. Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet. 2019 Mar; 181(1):52-58. PMID: 30775849.
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    7. Kelsey MM, Braffett BH, Geffner ME, Levitsky LL, Caprio S, McKay SV, Shah R, Sprague JE, Arslanian SA. Menstrual Dysfunction in Girls From the Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 06 01; 103(6):2309-2318. PMID: 29697830.
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    8. Hardley MT, Chon AH, Mestman J, Nguyen CT, Geffner ME, Chmait RH. Iodine-Induced Fetal Hypothyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment with Intra-Amniotic Levothyroxine. Horm Res Paediatr. 2018; 90(6):419-423. PMID: 29791909.
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    9. Geffner ME, Patel K, Jacobson DL, Wu J, Miller TL, Hazra R, Gerschenson M, Sharma T, Silio M, Jao J, Takemoto JK, Van Dyke RB, DiMeglio LA. Changes in insulin sensitivity over time and associated factors in HIV-infected adolescents. AIDS. 2018 03 13; 32(5):613-622. PMID: 29280758.
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    10. Geffner ME. For Debate: Combination Growth Hormone and Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I Therapy for Childhood Growth Disorders: Prime Time or Too Much Dime? Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2018 Mar; 15(3):196-199. PMID: 29493124.
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    11. Sisto JM, Liu FW, Geffner ME, Berman ML. Para-ovarian adrenal rest tumors: gynecologic manifestations of untreated congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2018 Aug; 34(8):644-646. PMID: 29460643.
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    12. Yuen KCJ, Mattsson AF, Burman P, Erfurth EM, Camacho-Hubner C, Fox JL, Verhelst J, Geffner ME, Abs R. Relative Risks of Contributing Factors to Morbidity and Mortality in Adults With Craniopharyngioma on Growth Hormone Replacement. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 02 01; 103(2):768-777. PMID: 29029108.
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    13. Jao J, Powis KM, Kirmse B, Yu C, Epie F, Nshom E, Abrams EJ, Sperling RS, Leroith D, Geffner ME, Kurland IJ, Côté HCF. Lower mitochondrial DNA and altered mitochondrial fuel metabolism in HIV-exposed uninfected infants in Cameroon. AIDS. 2017 11 28; 31(18):2475-2481. PMID: 28926411.
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    14. Jao J, Yu W, Patel K, Miller TL, Karalius B, Geffner ME, DiMeglio LA, Mirza A, Chen JS, Silio M, McFarland EJ, Van Dyke RB, Jacobson D. Improvement in lipids after switch to boosted atazanavir or darunavir in children/adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV on older protease inhibitors: results from the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study. HIV Med. 2018 03; 19(3):175-183. PMID: 29159965.
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    15. Jao J, Kacanek D, Williams PL, Geffner ME, Livingston EG, Sperling RS, Patel K, Bardeguez AD, Burchett SK, Chakhtoura N, Scott GB, Van Dyke RB, Abrams EJ. Birth Weight and Preterm Delivery Outcomes of Perinatally vs Nonperinatally Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Pregnant Women in the United States: Results From the PHACS SMARTT Study and IMPAACT P1025 Protocol. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Sep 15; 65(6):982-989. PMID: 28575201.
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    16. Gravholt CH, Andersen NH, Conway GS, Dekkers OM, Geffner ME, Klein KO, Lin AE, Mauras N, Quigley CA, Rubin K, Sandberg DE, Sas TCJ, Silberbach M, Söderström-Anttila V, Stochholm K, van Alfen-van derVelden JA, Woelfle J, Backeljauw PF. Clinical practice guidelines for the care of girls and women with Turner syndrome: proceedings from the 2016 Cincinnati International Turner Syndrome Meeting. Eur J Endocrinol. 2017 09; 177(3):G1-G70. PMID: 28705803.
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    17. Jacobson DL, Stephensen CB, Miller TL, Patel K, Chen JS, Van Dyke RB, Mirza A, Schuster GU, Hazra R, Ellis A, Brummel SS, Geffner ME, Silio M, Spector SA, DiMeglio LA. Associations of Low Vitamin D and Elevated Parathyroid Hormone Concentrations With Bone Mineral Density in Perinatally HIV-Infected Children. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 09 01; 76(1):33-42. PMID: 28797019.
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    18. Garcia-Filion P, Almarzouki H, Fink C, Geffner M, Nelson M, Borchert M. Brain Malformations Do Not Predict Hypopituitarism in Young Children with Optic Nerve Hypoplasia. Horm Res Paediatr. 2017; 88(3-4):251-257. PMID: 28848142.
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    19. Bellavia A, Williams PL, DiMeglio LA, Hazra R, Abzug MJ, Patel K, Jacobson DL, Van Dyke RB, Geffner ME. Delay in sexual maturation in perinatally HIV-infected youths is mediated by poor growth. AIDS. 2017 06 01; 31(9):1333-1341. PMID: 28358737.
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    20. Rosenthal NA, Bezar E, Mann S, Bachrach LK, Banerjee S, Geffner ME, Gottschalk M, Shapira SK, Hasegawa L, Feuchtbaum L. Primary Care Provider Management of Congenital Hypothyroidism Identified Through Newborn Screening. Ann Thyroid Res. 2017; 3(1):95-101. PMID: 28868522.
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    21. Ferris JA, Geffner ME. Are aromatase inhibitors in boys with predicted short stature and/or rapidly advancing bone age effective and safe? J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Mar 01; 30(3):311-317. PMID: 28207416.
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    22. Jacobson DL, Patel K, Williams PL, Geffner ME, Siberry GK, DiMeglio LA, Crain MJ, Mirza A, Chen JS, McFarland E, Kacanek D, Silio M, Rich K, Borkowsky W, Van Dyke RB, Miller TL. Growth at 2 Years of Age in HIV-exposed Uninfected Children in the United States by Trimester of Maternal Antiretroviral Initiation. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 02; 36(2):189-197. PMID: 27798548.
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    23. Takemoto JK, Miller TL, Wang J, Jacobson DL, Geffner ME, Van Dyke RB, Gerschenson M. Insulin resistance in HIV-infected youth is associated with decreased mitochondrial respiration. AIDS. 2017 01 02; 31(1):15-23. PMID: 27755108.
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    24. Ranke MB, Lindberg A, Tanaka T, Camacho-Hübner C, Dunger DB, Geffner ME. Baseline Characteristics and Gender Differences in Prepubertal Children Treated with Growth Hormone in Europe, USA, and Japan: 25 Years' KIGS® Experience (1987-2012) and Review. Horm Res Paediatr. 2017; 87(1):30-41. PMID: 27915352.
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    25. Kim MS, Goodarzian F, Keenan MF, Geffner ME, Koppin CM, De Filippo RE, Kokorowski PJ. Testicular Adrenal Rest Tumors in Boys and Young Adults with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia. J Urol. 2017 03; 197(3 Pt 2):931-936. PMID: 27840017.
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    26. Ryabets-Lienhard A, Stewart C, Borchert M, Geffner ME. The Optic Nerve Hypoplasia Spectrum: Review of the Literature and Clinical Guidelines. Adv Pediatr. 2016 08; 63(1):127-46. PMID: 27426898.
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    27. Olney RC, Salehi P, Prickett TC, Lima JJ, Espiner EA, Sikes KM, Geffner ME. Dynamic response of C-type natriuretic peptide and its aminoterminal propeptide (NTproCNP) to growth hormone treatment in children with short stature. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2016 Oct; 85(4):561-8. PMID: 27177682.
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    28. Salehi P, Hsu I, Azen CG, Mittelman SD, Geffner ME, Jeandron D. Effects of exenatide on weight and appetite in overweight adolescents and young adults with Prader-Willi syndrome. Pediatr Obes. 2017 06; 12(3):221-228. PMID: 27071367.
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    29. Kim MS, Dao-Tran A, Davidowitz E, Tseng T, Gilsanz V, Ryabets-Lienhard A, Nguyen E, Geffner ME. Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Is Associated with Increased Androgens in Adolescents and Young Adults with Classical Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia. Horm Res Paediatr. 2016; 85(4):242-9. PMID: 26933879.
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    30. Stewart C, Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Ryabets-Lienhard A, Geffner ME, Borchert M. Efficacy of growth hormone replacement on anthropometric outcomes, obesity, and lipids in children with optic nerve hypoplasia and growth hormone deficiency. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2016; 2016:5. PMID: 26937243.
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    31. Walders-Abramson N, Anderson B, Larkin ME, Chang N, Venditti E, Bzdick S, Tryggestad JB, Tan K, Geffner ME, Hirst K. Benefits and barriers to participating in longitudinal research of youth-onset type 2 diabetes: Results from the TODAY retention survey. Clin Trials. 2016 Apr; 13(2):240-3. PMID: 26531295.
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    32. Laron Z, Geffner ME, Tanaka T. Message from the Editors. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2015 Sep; 13(1):438. PMID: 26540756.
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    33. Jao J, Kirmse B, Yu C, Qiu Y, Powis K, Nshom E, Epie F, Tih PM, Sperling RS, Abrams EJ, Geffner ME, LeRoith D, Kurland IJ. Lower Preprandial Insulin and Altered Fuel Use in HIV/Antiretroviral-Exposed Infants in Cameroon. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Sep; 100(9):3260-9. PMID: 26133363.
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    34. Kim MS, Ryabets-Lienhard A, Dao-Tran A, Mittelman SD, Gilsanz V, Schrager SM, Geffner ME. Increased Abdominal Adiposity in Adolescents and Young Adults With Classical Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Aug; 100(8):E1153-9. PMID: 26062016.
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    35. Dörr HG, Boguszewski M, Dahlgren J, Dunger D, Geffner ME, Hokken-Koelega AC, Lindberg A, Polak M, Rooman R. Short Children with CHARGE Syndrome: Do They Benefit from Growth Hormone Therapy? Horm Res Paediatr. 2015; 84(1):49-53. PMID: 26044035.
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    36. Counts DR, Silverman LA, Rajicic N, Geffner ME, Newfield RS, Thornton P, Carakushansky M, Escobar O, Rapaport R, Levitsky L, Rotenstein D, Hey-Hadavi J, Wajnrajch MP. A 4-Year, Open-Label, Multicenter, Randomized Trial of Genotropin® Growth Hormone in Patients with Idiopathic Short Stature: Analysis of 4-Year Data Comparing Efficacy, Efficiency, and Safety between an Individualized, Target-Driven Regimen and Standard Dosing. Horm Res Paediatr. 2015; 84(2):79-87. PMID: 25966824.
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    37. Zeitler P, Chou HS, Copeland KC, Geffner M. Clinical trials in youth-onset type 2 diabetes: needs, barriers, and options. Curr Diab Rep. 2015 May; 15(5):28. PMID: 25777998.
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    38. Geffner ME, Santen R, Kopchick J. Growth hormone treatment for childhood short stature and risk of stroke in early adulthood. Neurology. 2015 Mar 10; 84(10):1062-3. PMID: 25914916.
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    39. Kelsey MM, Geffner ME, Guandalini C, Pyle L, Tamborlane WV, Zeitler PS, White NH. Presentation and effectiveness of early treatment of type 2 diabetes in youth: lessons from the TODAY study. Pediatr Diabetes. 2016 May; 17(3):212-21. PMID: 25690268.
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    40. Huang KE, Mittelman SD, Coates TD, Geffner ME, Wood JC. A significant proportion of thalassemia major patients have adrenal insufficiency detectable on provocative testing. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2015 Jan; 37(1):54-9. PMID: 24942024.
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    41. Walders-Abramson N, Venditti EM, Ievers-Landis CE, Anderson B, El Ghormli L, Geffner M, Kaplan J, Koontz MB, Saletsky R, Payan M, Yasuda P. Relationships among stressful life events and physiological markers, treatment adherence, and psychosocial functioning among youth with type 2 diabetes. J Pediatr. 2014 Sep; 165(3):504-508.e1. PMID: 24948348.
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    42. Miller BS, Aydin F, Lundgren F, Lindberg A, Geffner ME. Stimulant use and its impact on growth in children receiving growth hormone therapy: an analysis of the KIGS International Growth Database. Horm Res Paediatr. 2014; 82(1):31-7. PMID: 24924157.
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    43. Kim MS, Hu HH, Aggabao PC, Geffner ME, Gilsanz V. Presence of brown adipose tissue in an adolescent with severe primary hypothyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Sep; 99(9):E1686-90. PMID: 24915119.
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    44. Kim MS, Ryabets-Lienhard A, Bali B, Lane CJ, Park AH, Hall S, Geffner ME. Decreased adrenomedullary function in infants with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Aug; 99(8):E1597-601. PMID: 24878051.
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    45. Thornton P, Silverman LA, Geffner ME, Neely EK, Gould E, Danoff TM. Review of outcomes after cessation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment of girls with precocious puberty. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2014 Mar; 11(3):306-17. PMID: 24719967.
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    46. Borchert M, Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Geffner M, Nelson M. Re: Ramakrishnaiah et al.: Reliability of magnetic resonance imaging for the detection of hypopituitarism in children with optic nerve hypoplasia (Ophthalmology 2014;121:387-91). Ophthalmology. 2014 May; 121(5):e26-7. PMID: 24565741.
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    47. Yuen KC, Koltowska-Häggström M, Cook DM, Fox JL, Jönsson PJ, Geffner ME, Abs R. Primary treatment regimen and diabetes insipidus as predictors of health outcomes in adults with childhood-onset craniopharyngioma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Apr; 99(4):1227-35. PMID: 24476077.
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    48. Patel K, Wang J, Jacobson DL, Lipshultz SE, Landy DC, Geffner ME, Dimeglio LA, Seage GR, Williams PL, Van Dyke RB, Siberry GK, Shearer WT, Young L, Scott GB, Wilkinson JD, Fisher SD, Starc TJ, Miller TL. Aggregate risk of cardiovascular disease among adolescents perinatally infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Circulation. 2014 Mar 18; 129(11):1204-12. PMID: 24366631.
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    49. Neely EK, Silverman LA, Geffner ME, Danoff TM, Gould E, Thornton PS. Random unstimulated pediatric luteinizing hormone levels are not reliable in the assessment of pubertal suppression during histrelin implant therapy. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2013 Dec 02; 2013(1):20. PMID: 24295437.
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    50. Yuen KC, Koltowska-Häggström M, Cook DM, Fox JL, Jönsson PJ, Geffner ME, Abs R. Clinical characteristics and effects of GH replacement therapy in adults with childhood-onset craniopharyngioma compared with those in adults with other causes of childhood-onset hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction. Eur J Endocrinol. 2013 Oct; 169(4):511-9. PMID: 23904277.
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    51. Counts DR, Silverman LA, Geffner ME, Rajicic N, Hey-Hadavi J, Thornton PS, Wajnrajch MP. A four-year, open-label, multi-center, randomized, two-arm study of Genotropin® in patients with idiopathic short stature: comparison of an individualized, target-driven treatment regimen to standard dosing of Genotropin® - analysis of two-year data. Horm Res Paediatr. 2013; 80(4):242-51. PMID: 24021297.
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    52. Jao J, Wong M, Van Dyke RB, Geffner M, Nshom E, Palmer D, Muffih PT, Abrams EJ, Sperling RS, Leroith D. Gestational diabetes mellitus in HIV-infected and -uninfected pregnant women in Cameroon. Diabetes Care. 2013 Sep; 36(9):e141-2. PMID: 23970721.
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    53. Williams PL, Abzug MJ, Jacobson DL, Wang J, Van Dyke RB, Hazra R, Patel K, Dimeglio LA, McFarland EJ, Silio M, Borkowsky W, Seage GR, Oleske JM, Geffner ME. Pubertal onset in children with perinatal HIV infection in the era of combination antiretroviral treatment. AIDS. 2013 Jul 31; 27(12):1959-70. PMID: 24145244.
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    54. Ranke MB, Lindberg A, Mullis PE, Geffner ME, Tanaka T, Cutfield WS, Tauber M, Dunger D. Towards optimal treatment with growth hormone in short children and adolescents: evidence and theses. Horm Res Paediatr. 2013; 79(2):51-67. PMID: 23446062.
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    55. DiMeglio LA, Wang J, Siberry GK, Miller TL, Geffner ME, Hazra R, Borkowsky W, Chen JS, Dooley L, Patel K, van Dyke RB, Fielding RA, Gurmu Y, Jacobson DL. Bone mineral density in children and adolescents with perinatal HIV infection. AIDS. 2013 Jan 14; 27(2):211-20. PMID: 23032412.
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    56. Kim MS, Ryabets-Lienhard A, Geffner ME. Management of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in childhood. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2012 Dec; 19(6):483-8. PMID: 23037928.
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    57. Salehi P, Koh CJ, Pitukcheewanont P, Trinh L, Daniels M, Geffner M. Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome: 8 new cases in Southern California and a review of the literature. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2012 Dec-2013 Jan; 10(2):227-33. PMID: 23539834.
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    58. Fink C, Vedin AM, Garcia-Filion P, Ma NS, Geffner ME, Borchert M. Newborn thyroid-stimulating hormone in children with optic nerve hypoplasia: associations with hypothyroidism and vision. J AAPOS. 2012 Oct; 16(5):418-23. PMID: 23084376.
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    59. Wong WI, Pasterski V, Hindmarsh PC, Geffner ME, Hines M. Are there parental socialization effects on the sex-typed behavior of individuals with congenital adrenal hyperplasia? Arch Sex Behav. 2013 Apr; 42(3):381-91. PMID: 22810998.
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    60. Schouten BJ, Prickett TC, Hunt PJ, Richards AM, Geffner ME, Olney RC, Espiner EA. C-type natriuretic peptide forms in adult hyperthyroidism: correlation with thyroid hormones and markers of bone turnover. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2012 Jun; 76(6):790-6. PMID: 22103885.
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    61. Vedin AM, Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Borchert M, Geffner ME. Serum prolactin concentrations in relation to hypopituitarism and obesity in children with optic nerve hypoplasia. Horm Res Paediatr. 2012; 77(5):277-80. PMID: 22572701.
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    62. Reh CS, Olney RC, Azen C, Prickett TC, Espiner EA, Geffner ME. Plasma C-type natriuretic peptide forms and thyroid status in prepubertal children with acquired thyroid disease. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2012 Feb; 76(2):228-35. PMID: 21815902.
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    63. Miller TI, Borkowsky W, DiMeglio LA, Dooley L, Geffner ME, Hazra R, McFarland EJ, Mendez AJ, Patel K, Siberry GK, Van Dyke RB, Worrell CJ, Jacobson DL, Shearer W, Cooper N, Harris L, Purswani M, Baig M, Cintron A, Puga A, Navarro S, Patton D, Burchett S, Karthas N, Kammerer B, Yogev R, Malee K, Hunter S, Cagwin E, Wiznia A, Burey M, Nozyce M, Chen J, Gobs E, Grant M, Knapp K, Allison K, Garvie P, Acevedo-Flores M, Rios H, Olivera V, Silio M, Borne C, Sirois P, Spector S, Norris K, Nichols S, McFarland E, Barr E, Chambers C, Watson D, Messenger N, Belanger R, Dieudonne A, Bettica L, Adubato S, Scott G, Himic L, Willen E. Metabolic abnormalities and viral replication are associated with biomarkers of vascular dysfunction in HIV-infected children. HIV Med. 2012 May; 13(5):264-75. PMID: 22136114.
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    64. Vedin AM, Karlsson H, Fink C, Borchert M, Geffner ME. Presenting features and long-term effects of growth hormone treatment of children with optic nerve hypoplasia/septo-optic dysplasia. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2011 Nov 15; 2011(1):17. PMID: 22085631.
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    65. Jacobson DL, Patel K, Siberry GK, Van Dyke RB, DiMeglio LA, Geffner ME, Chen JS, McFarland EJ, Borkowsky W, Silio M, Fielding RA, Siminski S, Miller TL. Body fat distribution in perinatally HIV-infected and HIV-exposed but uninfected children in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: outcomes from the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec; 94(6):1485-95. PMID: 22049166.
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    66. Geffner ME, Patel K, Miller TL, Hazra R, Silio M, Van Dyke RB, Borkowsky W, Worrell C, DiMeglio LA, Jacobson DL. Factors associated with insulin resistance among children and adolescents perinatally infected with HIV-1 in the pediatric HIV/AIDS cohort study. Horm Res Paediatr. 2011; 76(6):386-91. PMID: 22042056.
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    67. Franklin SL, Geffner ME. Growth hormone: the expansion of available products and indications. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2011 Oct; 58(5):1141-65, x. PMID: 21981953.
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    68. Geffner ME. Growth hormone therapy: emerging dilemmas--a U.S. perspective. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2011 Sep; 9(1):480. PMID: 22783646.
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    69. Pasterski V, Geffner ME, Brain C, Hindmarsh P, Brook C, Hines M. Prenatal hormones and childhood sex segregation: playmate and play style preferences in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Horm Behav. 2011 Apr; 59(4):549-55. PMID: 21338606.
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    70. Ahmad T, Geffner M, Parks J, Brown M, Fisher L, Costin G. Short stature and metabolic abnormalities in two sisters with a 7.6-kb GH1 gene deletion. Growth Horm IGF Res. 2011 Feb; 21(1):37-43. PMID: 21232999.
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    71. Auchus RJ, Witchel SF, Leight KR, Aisenberg J, Azziz R, Bachega TA, Baker LA, Baratz AB, Baskin LS, Berenbaum SA, Breault DT, Cerame BI, Conway GS, Eugster EA, Fracassa S, Gearhart JP, Geffner ME, Harris KB, Hurwitz RS, Katz AL, Kalro BN, Lee PA, Alger Lin G, Loechner KJ, Marshall I, Merke DP, Migeon CJ, Miller WL, Nenadovich TL, Oberfield SE, Pass KA, Poppas DP, Lloyd-Puryear MA, Quigley CA, Riepe FG, Rink RC, Rivkees SA, Sandberg DE, Schaeffer TL, Schlussel RN, Schneck FX, Seely EW, Snyder D, Speiser PW, Therrell BL, Vanryzin C, Vogiatzi MG, Wajnrajch MP, White PC, Zuckerman AE. Guidelines for the Development of Comprehensive Care Centers for Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: Guidance from the CARES Foundation Initiative. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2010; 2010:275213. PMID: 21274448.
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    72. Copeland KC, Zeitler P, Geffner M, Guandalini C, Higgins J, Hirst K, Kaufman FR, Linder B, Marcovina S, McGuigan P, Pyle L, Tamborlane W, Willi S. Characteristics of adolescents and youth with recent-onset type 2 diabetes: the TODAY cohort at baseline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Jan; 96(1):159-67. PMID: 20962021.
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    73. Reh CS, Geffner ME. Somatotropin in the treatment of growth hormone deficiency and Turner syndrome in pediatric patients: a review. Clin Pharmacol. 2010; 2:111-22. PMID: 22291494.
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    74. Koltowska-Häggström M, Geffner ME, Jönsson P, Monson JP, Abs R, Hána V, Höybye C, Wollmann HA. Discontinuation of growth hormone (GH) treatment during the transition phase is an important factor determining the phenotype of young adults with nonidiopathic childhood-onset GH deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jun; 95(6):2646-54. PMID: 20335451.
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    75. Backeljauw P, Bang P, Clayton PE, Geffner M, Woods KA. Diagnosis and management of primary insulin-like growth factor-I deficiency: current perspectives and clinical update. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2010 Feb; 7 Suppl 1:154-71. PMID: 20463651.
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    76. Mittelman SD, Klier K, Braun S, Azen C, Geffner ME, Buchanan TA. Obese adolescents show impaired meal responses of the appetite-regulating hormones ghrelin and PYY. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2010 May; 18(5):918-25. PMID: 20094039.
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    77. Ma NS, Fink C, Geffner ME, Borchert M. Evolving central hypothyroidism in children with optic nerve hypoplasia. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jan-Feb; 23(1-2):53-8. PMID: 20432806.
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    78. Geffner ME. Aromatase inhibitors to augment height: continued caution and study required. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2009; 1(6):256-61. PMID: 21274305.
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    79. Ma NS, Shah AJ, Geffner ME, Kapoor N. Igf-I stimulates in vivo thymopoiesis after stem cell transplantation in a child with Omenn syndrome. J Clin Immunol. 2010 Jan; 30(1):114-20. PMID: 19777327.
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    80. Franklin SL, Geffner ME. Growth hormone: the expansion of available products and indications. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2009 Sep; 38(3):587-611. PMID: 19717006.
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    81. Geffner ME. Growth hormone replacement therapy: transition from adolescence to adulthood. J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 2009; 1(5):205-8. PMID: 21274297.
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    82. Ma NS, Malloy PJ, Pitukcheewanont P, Dreimane D, Geffner ME, Feldman D. Hereditary vitamin D resistant rickets: identification of a novel splice site mutation in the vitamin D receptor gene and successful treatment with oral calcium therapy. Bone. 2009 Oct; 45(4):743-6. PMID: 19523546.
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    83. Geffner ME, Karlsson H. Use of recombinant human growth hormone in children with thalassemia. Horm Res. 2009 Jan; 71 Suppl 1:46-50. PMID: 19153505.
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    84. Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Geffner ME, Borchert M. Optic nerve hypoplasia in North America: a re-appraisal of perinatal risk factors. Acta Ophthalmol. 2010 Aug; 88(5):527-34. PMID: 19141149.
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    85. Ma NS, Geffner ME. Gynecomastia in prepubertal and pubertal men. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2008 Aug; 20(4):465-70. PMID: 18622206.
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    86. Ahmad T, Borchert M, Geffner M. Optic nerve hypoplasia and hypopituitarism. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2008 Mar; 5(3):772-7. PMID: 18367998.
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    87. Geffner ME, Demay M, Raetzman L, Holm I, Diamanti-Kandarakis E, Savage MO, Francis G, Rogol AD. The 88th Annual Meeting of the Endocrine Society, June 24-27, 2006, Boston MA, USA: selected pediatric presentations. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2008 Mar; 5(3):789-95. PMID: 18368001.
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    88. Geffner ME. For debate: Aromatase inhibitors to augment height: have we lost our inhibitions? Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2008 Mar; 5(3):756-9. PMID: 18367995.
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    89. Garcia-Filion P, Epport K, Nelson M, Azen C, Geffner ME, Fink C, Borchert M. Neuroradiographic, endocrinologic, and ophthalmic correlates of adverse developmental outcomes in children with optic nerve hypoplasia: a prospective study. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar; 121(3):e653-9. PMID: 18250116.
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    90. Geffner ME, Dunger DB. Future directions: growth prediction models. Horm Res. 2007; 68 Suppl 5:51-6. PMID: 18174708.
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    91. Hoybye C, Jönsson P, Monson JP, Koltowska-Häggström M, Hána V, Geffner M, Abs R. Impact of the primary aetiology upon the clinical outcome of adults with childhood-onset GH deficiency. Eur J Endocrinol. 2007 Nov; 157(5):589-96. PMID: 17984238.
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    92. Davenport ML, Crowe BJ, Travers SH, Rubin K, Ross JL, Fechner PY, Gunther DF, Liu C, Geffner ME, Thrailkill K, Huseman C, Zagar AJ, Quigley CA. Growth hormone treatment of early growth failure in toddlers with Turner syndrome: a randomized, controlled, multicenter trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Sep; 92(9):3406-16. PMID: 17595258.
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    93. Pasterski V, Hindmarsh P, Geffner M, Brook C, Brain C, Hines M. Increased aggression and activity level in 3- to 11-year-old girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). Horm Behav. 2007 Sep; 52(3):368-74. PMID: 17673215.
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    94. Tsiotra PC, Koukourava A, Kaltezioti V, Geffner ME, Naville D, Begeot M, Raptis SA, Tsigos C. Compound heterozygosity of a frameshift mutation in the coding region and a single base substitution in the promoter of the ACTH receptor gene in a family with isolated glucocorticoid deficiency. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Sep; 19(9):1157-66. PMID: 17128564.
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    95. Monzavi R, Dreimane D, Geffner ME, Braun S, Conrad B, Klier M, Kaufman FR. Improvement in risk factors for metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in overweight youth who are treated with lifestyle intervention. Pediatrics. 2006 Jun; 117(6):e1111-8. PMID: 16682491.
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    96. Mittelman SD, Hendy GN, Fefferman RA, Canaff L, Mosesova I, Cole DE, Burkett L, Geffner ME. A hypocalcemic child with a novel activating mutation of the calcium-sensing receptor gene: successful treatment with recombinant human parathyroid hormone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Jul; 91(7):2474-9. PMID: 16608894.
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    97. Ahmad T, Garcia-Filion P, Borchert M, Kaufman F, Burkett L, Geffner M. Endocrinological and auxological abnormalities in young children with optic nerve hypoplasia: a prospective study. J Pediatr. 2006 Jan; 148(1):78-84. PMID: 16423602.
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    98. May JA, Krieger MD, Bowen I, Geffner ME. Craniopharyngioma in childhood. Adv Pediatr. 2006; 53:183-209. PMID: 17089867.
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    99. Verhelst J, Kendall-Taylor P, Erfurth EM, Price DA, Geffner M, Koltowska-Häggström M, Jönsson PJ, Wilton P, Abs R. Baseline characteristics and response to 2 years of growth hormone (GH) replacement of hypopituitary patients with GH deficiency due to adult-onset craniopharyngioma in comparison with patients with nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma: data from KIMS (Pfizer International Metabolic Database). J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Aug; 90(8):4636-43. PMID: 15928246.
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    100. Kovanlikaya A, Mittelman SD, Ward A, Geffner ME, Dorey F, Gilsanz V. Obesity and fat quantification in lean tissues using three-point Dixon MR imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 2005 Jun; 35(6):601-7. PMID: 15785930.
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    101. Pasterski VL, Geffner ME, Brain C, Hindmarsh P, Brook C, Hines M. Prenatal hormones and postnatal socialization by parents as determinants of male-typical toy play in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Child Dev. 2005 Jan-Feb; 76(1):264-78. PMID: 15693771.
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    102. Geffner M, Lundberg M, Koltowska-Häggström M, Abs R, Verhelst J, Erfurth EM, Kendall-Taylor P, Price DA, Jonsson P, Bakker B. Changes in height, weight, and body mass index in children with craniopharyngioma after three years of growth hormone therapy: analysis of KIGS (Pfizer International Growth Database). J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Nov; 89(11):5435-40. PMID: 15531494.
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    103. Monzavi R, Kelly DF, Geffner ME. Rathke's cleft cyst in two girls with precocious puberty. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2004 May; 17(5):781-5. PMID: 15237714.
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    104. Kamboj MK, Axelrod FB, David R, Geffner ME, Novogroder M, Oberfield SE, Turco JH, Maayan C, Kohn B. Growth hormone treatment in children with familial dysautonomia. J Pediatr. 2004 Jan; 144(1):63-7. PMID: 14722520.
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    105. Geffner ME. Transition to the adult endocrine clinic: testing pituitary function - what tests and when? Growth Horm IGF Res. 2003 Aug; 13 Suppl A:S117-21. PMID: 12914739.
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    106. Goenjian AK, Pynoos RS, Steinberg AM, Endres D, Abraham K, Geffner ME, Fairbanks LA. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity among Armenian adolescents with PTSD symptoms. J Trauma Stress. 2003 Aug; 16(4):319-23. PMID: 12895013.
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    107. Alon US, Monzavi R, Lilien M, Rasoulpour M, Geffner ME, Yadin O. Hypertension in hypophosphatemic rickets--role of secondary hyperparathyroidism. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Feb; 18(2):155-8. PMID: 12579406.
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    108. Franklin SL, Geffner ME. Precocious puberty secondary to topical testosterone exposure. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Jan; 16(1):107-10. PMID: 12585348.
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    109. Franklin SL, Eisenhofer G, Geffner ME. Simultaneous development of pheochromocytomas in prepubertal siblings with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. J Pediatr. 2002 May; 140(5):625-8. PMID: 12032534.
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    110. Geffner ME. Hypopituitarism in childhood. Cancer Control. 2002 May-Jun; 9(3):212-22. PMID: 12060819.
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    111. Collaer ML, Geffner ME, Kaufman FR, Buckingham B, Hines M. Cognitive and behavioral characteristics of turner syndrome: exploring a role for ovarian hormones in female sexual differentiation. Horm Behav. 2002 Mar; 41(2):139-55. PMID: 11855899.
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    112. Geffner ME. From the control tower: some is better than none and a little bit goes a long way. J Pediatr. 2001 Dec; 139(6):766-8. PMID: 11743498.
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    113. Dreimane D, Nielsen K, Deveikis A, Bryson YJ, Geffner ME. Effect of protease inhibitors combined with standard antiretroviral therapy on linear growth and weight gain in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001 Mar; 20(3):315-6. PMID: 11303838.
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    114. Koral K, Geffner ME, Curran JG. Trans-sphenoidal and sphenoethmoidal encephalocele: report of two cases and review of the literature. Australas Radiol. 2000 May; 44(2):220-4. PMID: 10849991.
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    115. Franklin SL, Geffner ME, Kaiserman KB. Outpatient management of children with diabetes. Diabetes: don't immediately admit before evaluating the entire situation. West J Med. 2000 Mar; 172(3):194-6. PMID: 10734812.
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    116. Kjellin IB, Kaiserman KB, Curran JG, Geffner ME. Aplasia of right internal carotid artery and hypopituitarism. Pediatr Radiol. 1999 Aug; 29(8):586-8; discussion 585. PMID: 10415183.
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    117. Chutorian AM, Geffner M. [Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy in children]. Rev Neurol. 1999 Aug 16-31; 29(4):366-75. PMID: 10797928.
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    118. Dreimane D, Gallagher K, Nielsen K, Krogstad P, Stiehm ER, Bryson YJ, Geffner ME. Growth hormone exerts potent anabolic effects in an adolescent with human immunodeficiency virus wasting. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999 Feb; 18(2):167-9. PMID: 10048694.
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    119. Murashita M, Tajima T, Nakae J, Shinohara N, Geffner ME, Fujieda K. Near-normal linear growth in the setting of markedly reduced growth hormone and IGF-1. A case report. Horm Res. 1999; 51(4):184-8. PMID: 10474020.
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    120. Wojcik J, Berg MA, Esposito N, Geffner ME, Sakati N, Reiter EO, Dower S, Francke U, Postel-Vinay MC, Finidori J. Four contiguous amino acid substitutions, identified in patients with Laron syndrome, differently affect the binding affinity and intracellular trafficking of the growth hormone receptor. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Dec; 83(12):4481-9. PMID: 9851797.
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    121. Jain S, Golde DW, Bailey R, Geffner ME. Insulin-like growth factor-I resistance. Endocr Rev. 1998 Oct; 19(5):625-46. PMID: 9793761.
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    122. Kaiserman KB, Nakamoto JM, Geffner ME, McCabe ER. Minipuberty of infancy and adolescent pubertal function in adrenal hypoplasia congenita. J Pediatr. 1998 Aug; 133(2):300-2. PMID: 9709728.
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    123. Bereket A, Lang CH, Geffner ME, Wilson TA. Normal growth in a patient with septo-optic dysplasia despite both growth hormone and IGF-I deficiency. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Jan-Feb; 11(1):69-75. PMID: 9642632.
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    124. Geffner M. Effects of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor I on T- and B-lymphocytes and immune function. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 1997 Nov; 423:76-9. PMID: 9401546.
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    125. Goddard AD, Dowd P, Chernausek S, Geffner M, Gertner J, Hintz R, Hopwood N, Kaplan S, Plotnick L, Rogol A, Rosenfield R, Saenger P, Mauras N, Hershkopf R, Angulo M, Attie K. Partial growth-hormone insensitivity: the role of growth-hormone receptor mutations in idiopathic short stature. J Pediatr. 1997 Jul; 131(1 Pt 2):S51-5. PMID: 9255229.
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    126. Buyalos RP, Geffner ME, Azziz R, Judd HL. Impact of overnight dexamethasone suppression on the adrenal androgen response to an oral glucose tolerance test in women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome. Hum Reprod. 1997 Jun; 12(6):1138-41. PMID: 9221990.
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    127. Geffner ME, Bersch N, Scott M, Bailey RC, Golde DW. IGF-I does not mediate T-lymphoblast colony formation in response to estradiol, testosterone, 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3, and triiodothyronine: studies in control and pygmy T-cell lines. Biochem Mol Med. 1996 Oct; 59(1):72-9. PMID: 8902198.
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    128. Geffner ME. The growth without growth hormone syndrome. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1996 Sep; 25(3):649-63. PMID: 8879991.
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    129. Cortez AB, Van Dop C, Bailey RC, Bersch N, Scott M, Golde DW, Geffner ME. IGF-I resistance in virus-transformed B-lymphocytes from African Efe Pygmies. Biochem Mol Med. 1996 Jun; 58(1):31-6. PMID: 8809343.
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    130. Hattori Y, Vera JC, Rivas CI, Bersch N, Bailey RC, Geffner ME, Golde DW. Decreased insulin-like growth factor I receptor expression and function in immortalized African Pygmy T cells. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996 Jun; 81(6):2257-63. PMID: 8964861.
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    131. Herschenfeld AA, Geffner ME. Massive hypercortisolaemia secondary to stress. Ann Clin Biochem. 1996 Mar; 33 ( Pt 2):164-6. PMID: 8729730.
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    132. Geffner ME, Bersch N, Bailey RC, Golde DW. Insulin-like growth factor I resistance in immortalized T cell lines from African Efe Pygmies. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Dec; 80(12):3732-8. PMID: 8530626.
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    133. Geffner ME, Bersch N, Cortez AB, Bailey RC, Golde DW. Growth-promoting actions of parathyroid hormone, adrenocorticotrophic hormone, and thyroid-stimulating hormone: in vitro studies in normal and pygmy T-lymphoblast cell lines. Pediatr Res. 1995 Apr; 37(4 Pt 1):507-11. PMID: 7596693.
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    134. Kosugi S, Van Dop C, Geffner ME, Rabl W, Carel JC, Chaussain JL, Mori T, Merendino JJ, Shenker A. Characterization of heterogeneous mutations causing constitutive activation of the luteinizing hormone receptor in familial male precocious puberty. Hum Mol Genet. 1995 Feb; 4(2):183-8. PMID: 7757065.
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    135. Geffner ME. Reviewing the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial: one member of the "control panel" speaks. J Pediatr. 1994 Aug; 125(2):228-9. PMID: 8040767.
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    136. Simeon PS, Geffner ME, Levin SR, Lindsey AM. Continuous insulin infusions in neonates: pharmacologic availability of insulin in intravenous solutions. J Pediatr. 1994 May; 124(5 Pt 1):818-20. PMID: 8176576.
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    137. Geffner ME, Bersch N, Bailey RC, Golde DW. Growth hormone induces resistance to the mitogenic action of insulin through local IGF-I. Studies in normal and Pygmy T-cell lines. Diabetes. 1994 Jan; 43(1):68-72. PMID: 8262319.
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    138. Buyalos RP, Geffner ME, Watanabe RM, Bergman RN, Gornbein JA, Judd HL. The influence of luteinizing hormone and insulin on sex steroids and sex hormone-binding globulin in the polycystic ovarian syndrome. Fertil Steril. 1993 Oct; 60(4):626-33. PMID: 8405515.
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    139. Ways DK, Qin W, Cook P, Parker PJ, Menke JB, Hao E, Smith AM, Jones C, Hershman JM, Geffner ME. Dominant and nondominant negative C-erbA beta 1 receptors associated with thyroid hormone resistance syndromes augment 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate induction of the collagenase promoter and exhibit defective 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine-mediated repression. Mol Endocrinol. 1993 Sep; 7(9):1112-20. PMID: 8247013.
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    140. Geffner ME, Yeh DY, Landaw EM, Scott ML, Stiehm ER, Bryson YJ, Israele V. In vitro insulin-like growth factor-I, growth hormone, and insulin resistance occurs in symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus-1-infected children. Pediatr Res. 1993 Jul; 34(1):66-72. PMID: 8356022.
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    141. Geffner ME, Bailey RC, Bersch N, Vera JC, Golde DW. Insulin-like growth factor-I unresponsiveness in an Efe Pygmy. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1993 Jun 30; 193(3):1216-23. PMID: 8323544.
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    142. Geffner ME, Bersch N, Golde DW. Growth hormone induces insulin resistance in Laron dwarf cells via lactogenic receptors. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993 Apr; 76(4):1039-47. PMID: 8473379.
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    143. Geffner ME, Su F, Ross NS, Hershman JM, Van Dop C, Menke JB, Hao E, Stanzak RK, Eaton T, Samuels HH. An arginine to histidine mutation in codon 311 of the C-erbA beta gene results in a mutant thyroid hormone receptor that does not mediate a dominant negative phenotype. J Clin Invest. 1993 Feb; 91(2):538-46. PMID: 8381821.
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    144. Gottschalk ME, Schatz DA, Clare-Salzler M, Kaufman DL, Ting GS, Geffner ME. Permanent diabetes without serological evidence of autoimmunity after transient neonatal diabetes. Diabetes Care. 1992 Oct; 15(10):1273-6. PMID: 1425088.
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    145. Dulgeroff AJ, Geffner ME, Koyal SN, Wong M, Hershman JM. Bromocriptine and Triac therapy for hyperthyroidism due to pituitary resistance to thyroid hormone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1992 Oct; 75(4):1071-5. PMID: 1400873.
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    146. Buyalos RP, Geffner ME, Bersch N, Judd HL, Watanabe RM, Bergman RN, Golde DW. Insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I responsiveness in polycystic ovarian syndrome. Fertil Steril. 1992 Apr; 57(4):796-803. PMID: 1555690.
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    147. Englund AT, Geffner ME, Nagel RA, Lippe BM, Braunstein GD. Pediatric germ cell and human chorionic gonadotropin-producing tumors. Clinical and laboratory features. Am J Dis Child. 1991 Nov; 145(11):1294-7. PMID: 1719803.
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    148. Geffner ME, Bersch N, Nakamoto JM, Scott M, Johnson NB, Golde DW. Use of in vitro clonogenic assays to differentiate acquired from genetic causes of insulin resistance. Diabetes. 1991 Jan; 40(1):28-36. PMID: 1849848.
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    149. Bjerke HS, Kelly RE, Geffner ME, Fonkalsrud EW. Surgical management of islet cell dysmaturation syndrome in young children. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1990 Oct; 171(4):321-5. PMID: 2218837.
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    150. Gottschalk ME, Geffner ME, Yasuda PM, Shields WD. Reversal of microcephaly and developmental delay after cure of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia. J Pediatr. 1990 Sep; 117(3):432-4. PMID: 1697341.
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    151. Geffner ME, Bersch N, Lippe BM, Rosenfeld RG, Hintz RL, Golde DW. Growth hormone mediates the growth of T-lymphoblast cell lines via locally generated insulin-like growth factor-I. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1990 Aug; 71(2):464-9. PMID: 2380340.
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    152. Martin NA, Macagba-Crain CL, Geffner M, Peacock W. Isolated growth hormone deficiency associated with a giant arteriovenous varix. Neurosurgery. 1990 Aug; 27(2):295-9. PMID: 2385347.
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    153. Geffner ME, Bersch N, Lippe BM, Golde DW. T-lymphoblast cell lines from Laron dwarfs augment basal colony formation in response to extremely high concentrations of growth hormone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1990 Mar; 70(3):810-3. PMID: 2307733.
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    154. Antunes JD, Geffner ME, Lippe BM, Landaw EM. Childhood hypoglycemia: differentiating hyperinsulinemic from nonhyperinsulinemic causes. J Pediatr. 1990 Jan; 116(1):105-8. PMID: 2404096.
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    155. Morris AH, Reiter EO, Geffner ME, Lippe BM, Itami RM, Mayes DM. Absence of nonclassical congenital adrenal hyperplasia in patients with precocious adrenarche. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1989 Oct; 69(4):709-15. PMID: 2550505.
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    156. Lippe B, Geffner ME, Dietrich RB, Boechat MI, Kangarloo H. Renal malformations in patients with Turner syndrome: imaging in 141 patients. Pediatrics. 1988 Dec; 82(6):852-6. PMID: 3054787.
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    157. Geffner ME, Golde DW. Selective insulin action on skin, ovary, and heart in insulin-resistant states. Diabetes Care. 1988 Jun; 11(6):500-5. PMID: 2969796.
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    158. Geffner ME, Lippe BM, Maclaren NK, Riley WJ. Role of autoimmunity in insulinopenia and carbohydrate derangements associated with cystic fibrosis. J Pediatr. 1988 Mar; 112(3):419-21. PMID: 3279176.
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    159. Geffner ME, Nagel RA, Dietrich RB, Kaplan SA. Treatment of acromegaly with a somatostatin analog in a patient with McCune-Albright syndrome. J Pediatr. 1987 Nov; 111(5):740-3. PMID: 2889819.
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    160. Geffner ME, Kaplan SA, Bersch N, Lippe BM, Smith WG, Nagel RA, Santulli TV, Li CH, Golde DW. Leprechaunism: in vitro insulin action despite genetic insulin resistance. Pediatr Res. 1987 Sep; 22(3):286-91. PMID: 3309859.
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    161. Geffner ME, Golde DW, Lippe BM, Kaplan SA, Bersch N, Li CH. Tissues of the Laron dwarf are sensitive to insulin-like growth factor I but not to growth hormone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1987 May; 64(5):1042-6. PMID: 3031118.
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    162. Geffner ME, Santulli TV, Kaplan SA. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in total lipodystrophy: insulin action in the face of insulin resistance? J Pediatr. 1987 Jan; 110(1):161. PMID: 3794880.
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    163. Lin AE, Lippe BM, Geffner ME, Gomes A, Lois JF, Barton CW, Rosenthal A, Friedman WF. Aortic dilation, dissection, and rupture in patients with Turner syndrome. J Pediatr. 1986 Nov; 109(5):820-6. PMID: 3772661.
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    164. Geffner ME, Kaplan SA, Bersch N, Golde DW, Landaw EM, Chang RJ. Persistence of insulin resistance in polycystic ovarian disease after inhibition of ovarian steroid secretion. Fertil Steril. 1986 Mar; 45(3):327-33. PMID: 3512314.
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    165. Geffner ME, Lippe BM, Bersch N, Van Herle A, Kaplan SA, Elders MJ, Golde DW. Growth without growth hormone: evidence for a potent circulating human growth factor. Lancet. 1986 Feb 15; 1(8477):343-7. PMID: 2868295.
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    166. Kangarloo H, Diament MJ, Gold RH, Barrett C, Lippe B, Geffner M, Boechat MI, Dietrich RB, Amundson GM. Sonography of adrenal glands in neonates and children: changes in appearance with age. J Clin Ultrasound. 1986 Jan; 14(1):43-7. PMID: 3080485.
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    167. Chang RJ, Geffner ME. Associated non-ovarian problems of polycystic ovarian disease: insulin resistance. Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1985 Sep; 12(3):675-85. PMID: 3905162.
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    168. Geffner ME, Kaplan SA, Bersch N, Lippe BM, Scott ML, Bergman RN, Golde DW. Diminished in vitro responsiveness of circulating erythroid progenitor cells to insulin as an indicator of insulin resistance. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1985 Jan; 60(1):103-8. PMID: 3880558.
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    169. Geffner ME, Lippe BM, Itami RM, Kaplan SA, Gillard BK, Levin SR, Taylor IL. Insulin resistance in a young man with cystic fibrosis. Am J Dis Child. 1984 Jul; 138(7):677-80. PMID: 6375349.
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    170. Geffner ME, Kaplan SA, Lippe BM, Fine RN. Precocious puberty and chronic renal failure. Am J Dis Child. 1983 Oct; 137(10):956-8. PMID: 6351589.
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    171. Geffner ME, Lippe BM, Kaplan SA, Berquist WE, Bateman JB, Paterno VI, Seegan R. Selective ACTH insensitivity, achalasia, and alacrima: a multisystem disorder presenting in childhood. Pediatr Res. 1983 Jul; 17(7):532-6. PMID: 6312400.
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    172. Geffner ME, Kaplan SA, Lippe BM, Scott ML. Self-monitoring of blood glucose levels and intensified insulin therapy. Acceptability and efficacy in childhood diabetes. JAMA. 1983 Jun 03; 249(21):2913-6. PMID: 6341648.
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    173. Geffner ME, Frank HJ, Kaplan SA, Lippe BM, Levin SR. Early-morning hyperglycemia in diabetic individuals treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion. Diabetes Care. 1983 Mar-Apr; 6(2):135-9. PMID: 6682750.
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    174. Miller MJ, Geffner ME, Lippe BM, Itami RM, Kaplan SA, DiSessa TG, Isabel-Jones JB, Friedman WF. Echocardiography reveals a high incidence of bicuspid aortic valve in Turner syndrome. J Pediatr. 1983 Jan; 102(1):47-50. PMID: 6848727.
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    175. Geffner ME, Lippe BM, Kaplan SA, Itami RM. The use of theophylline as an in vivo probe of adrenocortical function. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1982 Jul; 55(1):56-60. PMID: 6281302.
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    176. Itami RM, Geffner ME, Kaplan SA, Lippe BM. The levodopa-propranolol test for growth hormone screening. J Pediatr. 1982 May; 100(5):838. PMID: 7069557.
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    177. Orenstein WA, Overturf GD, Leedom JM, Alvarado R, Geffner M, Fryer A, Chan L, Haynes V, Starc T, Portnoy B. The frequency of Legionella infection prospectively determined in children hospitalized with pneumonia. J Pediatr. 1981 Sep; 99(3):403-6. PMID: 7021784.
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    178. Geffner ME. Understanding thyroid function tests. J Pediatr. 1981 Aug; 99(2):326. PMID: 7252700.
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    179. Geffner ME, Powars DR, Choctaw WT. Acquired methemoglobinemia. West J Med. 1981 Jan; 134(1):7-10. PMID: 7210666.
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