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    Kristine Robinson Monroe, PhD

    TitleAssociate Professor of Clinical Preventive Medicine
    SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
    DepartmentPreventive Medicine
    AddressNRT 1517J 1450 Biggy Street
    Health Sciences Campus
    Los Angeles California 90033
    Phone+1 323 442 7927
    vCardDownload vCard
      Other Positions
      TitleData Management Coordinator: Gwas


      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      Dr. Monroe studies the role of nutrients, genetics and gene/environment interactions in the causation of breast, prostate, endometrial, and colorectal cancer in multiethnic populations.

      In 1989, Dr. Monroe helped establish the Multiethnic Cohort Study (MEC) with Drs. Henderson, Kolonel, and Hankin. Over the past 21 years, she has been involved with all aspects of this project, including developing study questionnaires, collaborating with SEER cancer registries to update incident cancer cases, validating study questionnaires, initiating the linkage of the MEC with the California Hospital Discharge database, establishing the biospecimen collection from nearly 40,000 participants, and supervising the biological specimen storage and DNA tracking database files in Los Angeles. Dr. Monroe assists in the design of genetic epidemiologic studies of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer and participates in analyses. She is currently a Co-Investigator with the CBCRP Special Research Initiative, California Breast Cancer Survivorship Consortium (CBCSC) representing MEC’s participation. This study will link detailed individual-level behavioral risk factor data with socioeconomic and built environment data from several California breast cancer studies. These data will be used to investigate the extent that racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer survival can be explained by unequal access to basic health and societal resources.


      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Setiawan VW, Monroe K, Pandol SJ. Response to "Letter to the Editor: Diet and the risk of acute pancreatitis". Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 Apr 01. PMID: 28377072.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Conroy SM, Clarke C, Yang J, Shariff-Marco S, Shvetsov YB, Park SY, Albright CL, Hertz A, Monroe K, Kolonel LN, Le Marchand L, Wilkens LR, Gomez SL, Cheng I. Contextual impact of neighborhood obesogenic factors on postmenopausal breast cancer: The Multiethnic Cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 Jan 31. PMID: 28143808.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Setiawan VW, Wei PC, Hernandez BY, Lu SC, Monroe K, Marchand LL, Yuan JM. Reply to high hepatocellular carcinoma risk among US-born Hispanics. Cancer. 2016 Oct 14. PMID: 27741358.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Park SY, Wilkens LR, Kolonel LN, Monroe K, Haiman CA, Le Marchand L. Exploring Differences in the Aspirin-Colorectal Cancer Association by Sex and Race/Ethnicity: The Multiethnic Cohort Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2016 Oct 10. PMID: 27765797.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Setiawan VW, Pandol SJ, Porcel J, Wei PC, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L, Pike MC, Monroe K. Dietary Factors Reduce Risk of Acute Pancreatitis in a Large Multiethnic Cohort. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 Sep 5. PMID: 27609706.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Jacobs S, Harmon BE, Ollberding NJ, Wilkens LR, Monroe K, Kolonel LN, Le Marchand L, Boushey CJ, Maskarinec G. Among 4 Diet Quality Indexes, Only the Alternate Mediterranean Diet Score Is Associated with Better Colorectal Cancer Survival and Only in African American Women in the Multiethnic Cohort. J Nutr. 2016 Sep; 146(9):1746-55. PMID: 27511927.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Setiawan VW, Pandol SJ, Porcel J, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L, Pike MC, Monroe K. Prospective Study of Alcohol Drinking, Smoking, and Pancreatitis: The Multiethnic Cohort. Pancreas. 2016 Jul; 45(6):819-25. PMID: 27171516.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Fu BC, Randolph TW, Lim U, Monroe K, Cheng I, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L, Hullar MA, Lampe JW. Characterization of the gut microbiome in epidemiologic studies: the multiethnic cohort experience. Ann Epidemiol. 2016 May; 26(5):373-9. PMID: 27039047.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Setiawan VW, Wei PC, Hernandez BY, Lu SC, Monroe K, Le Marchand L, Yuan JM. Disparity in liver cancer incidence and chronic liver disease mortality by nativity in Hispanics: The Multiethnic Cohort. Cancer. 2016 May 1; 122(9):1444-52. PMID: 26916271.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Shariff-Marco S, Yang J, John EM, Kurian AW, Cheng I, Leung R, Koo J, Monroe K, Henderson BE, Bernstein L, Lu Y, Kwan ML, Sposto R, Vigen CL, Wu AH, Keegan TH, Gomez SL. Intersection of Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status in Mortality After Breast Cancer. J Community Health. 2015 Dec; 40(6):1287-99. PMID: 26072260.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Cheng I, Shariff-Marco S, Koo J, Monroe K, Yang J, John EM, Kurian AW, Kwan ML, Henderson BE, Bernstein L, Lu Y, Sposto R, Vigen C, Wu AH, Gomez SL, Keegan TH. Contribution of the Neighborhood Environment and Obesity to Breast Cancer Survival: The California Breast Cancer Survivorship Consortium. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2015 Aug; 24(8):1282-90. PMID: 26063477.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Setiawan VW, Virnig BA, Porcel J, Henderson BE, Le Marchand L, Wilkens LR, Monroe K. Linking data from the multiethnic cohort study to medicare data: linkage results and application to chronic disease research. Am J Epidemiol. 2015 Jun 1; 181(11):917-9. PMID: 25841869.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Cohen SS, Park Y, Signorello LB, Patel AV, Boggs DA, Kolonel LN, Kitahara CM, Knutsen SF, Gillanders E, Monroe K, Berrington de Gonzalez A, Bethea TN, Black A, Fraser G, Gapstur S, Hartge P, Matthews CE, Park SY, Purdue MP, Singh P, Harvey C, Blot WJ, Palmer JR. A Pooled Analysis of Body Mass Index and Mortality among African Americans. PLoS One. 2014; 9(11):e111980. PMID: 25401742.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Fesinmeyer MD, Meigs JB, North KE, Schumacher FR, Bužková P, Franceschini N, Haessler J, Goodloe R, Spencer KL, Voruganti VS, Howard BV, Jackson R, Kolonel LN, Liu S, Manson JE, Monroe K, Mukamal K, Dilks HH, Pendergrass SA, Nato A, Wan P, Wilkens LR, Marchand LL, Ambite JL, Buyske S, Florez JC, Crawford DC, Hindorff LA, Haiman CA, Peters U, Pankow JS. Genetic variants associated with fasting glucose and insulin concentrations in an ethnically diverse population: results from the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) study. BMC Med Genet. 2013; 14:98. PMID: 24063630.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Cheng I, Kocarnik JM, Dumitrescu L, Lindor NM, Chang-Claude J, Avery CL, Caberto CP, Love SA, Slattery ML, Chan AT, Baron JA, Hindorff LA, Park SL, Schumacher FR, Hoffmeister M, Kraft P, Butler AM, Duggan DJ, Hou L, Carlson CS, Monroe K, Lin Y, Carty CL, Mann S, Ma J, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Newcomb PA, Jenkins MA, Hopper JL, Haile RW, Conti DV, Campbell PT, Potter JD, Caan BJ, Schoen RE, Hayes RB, Chanock SJ, Berndt SI, Küry S, Bézieau S, Ambite JL, Kumaraguruparan G, Richardson DM, Goodloe RJ, Dilks HH, Baker P, Zanke BW, Lemire M, Gallinger S, Hsu L, Jiao S, Harrison TA, Seminara D, Haiman CA, Kooperberg C, Wilkens LR, Hutter CM, White E, Crawford DC, Heiss G, Hudson TJ, Brenner H, Bush WS, Casey G, Le Marchand L, Peters U. Pleiotropic effects of genetic risk variants for other cancers on colorectal cancer risk: PAGE, GECCO and CCFR consortia. Gut. 2014 May; 63(5):800-7. PMID: 23935004.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Kim Y, Wilkens LR, Park SY, Goodman MT, Monroe K, Kolonel LN. Association between various sedentary behaviours and all-cause, cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality: the Multiethnic Cohort Study. Int J Epidemiol. 2013 Aug; 42(4):1040-56. PMID: 24062293.
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      17. Wu AH, Gomez SL, Vigen C, Kwan ML, Keegan TH, Lu Y, Shariff-Marco S, Monroe K, Kurian AW, Cheng I, Caan BJ, Lee VS, Roh JM, Sullivan-Halley J, Henderson BE, Bernstein L, John EM, Sposto R. The California Breast Cancer Survivorship Consortium (CBCSC): prognostic factors associated with racial/ethnic differences in breast cancer survival. Cancer Causes Control. 2013 Oct; 24(10):1821-36. PMID: 23864487.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Park SL, Cheng I, Pendergrass SA, Kucharska-Newton AM, Lim U, Ambite JL, Caberto CP, Monroe K, Schumacher F, Hindorff LA, Oetjens MT, Wilson S, Goodloe RJ, Love SA, Henderson BE, Kolonel LN, Haiman CA, Crawford DC, North KE, Heiss G, Ritchie MD, Wilkens LR, Le Marchand L. Association of the FTO obesity risk variant rs8050136 with percentage of energy intake from fat in multiple racial/ethnic populations: the PAGE study. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Sep 1; 178(5):780-90. PMID: 23820787.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Monda KL, Chen GK, Taylor KC, Palmer C, Edwards TL, Lange LA, Ng MC, Adeyemo AA, Allison MA, Bielak LF, Chen G, Graff M, Irvin MR, Rhie SK, Li G, Liu Y, Liu Y, Lu Y, Nalls MA, Sun YV, Wojczynski MK, Yanek LR, Aldrich MC, Ademola A, Amos CI, Bandera EV, Bock CH, Britton A, Broeckel U, Cai Q, Caporaso NE, Carlson CS, Carpten J, Casey G, Chen WM, Chen F, Chen YD, Chiang CW, Coetzee GA, Demerath E, Deming-Halverson SL, Driver RW, Dubbert P, Feitosa MF, Feng Y, Freedman BI, Gillanders EM, Gottesman O, Guo X, Haritunians T, Harris T, Harris CC, Hennis AJ, Hernandez DG, McNeill LH, Howard TD, Howard BV, Howard VJ, Johnson KC, Kang SJ, Keating BJ, Kolb S, Kuller LH, Kutlar A, Langefeld CD, Lettre G, Lohman K, Lotay V, Lyon H, Manson JE, Maixner W, Meng YA, Monroe K, Morhason-Bello I, Murphy AB, Mychaleckyj JC, Nadukuru R, Nathanson KL, Nayak U, N'diaye A, Nemesure B, Wu SY, Leske MC, Neslund-Dudas C, Neuhouser M, Nyante S, Ochs-Balcom H, Ogunniyi A, Ogundiran TO, Ojengbede O, Olopade OI, Palmer JR, Ruiz-Narvaez EA, Palmer ND, Press MF, Rampersaud E, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Rodriguez-Gil JL, Salako B, Schadt EE, Schwartz AG, Shriner DA, Siscovick D, Smith SB, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Speliotes EK, Spitz MR, Sucheston L, Taylor H, Tayo BO, Tucker MA, Van Den Berg DJ, Edwards DR, Wang Z, Wiencke JK, Winkler TW, Witte JS, Wrensch M, Wu X, Yang JJ, Levin AM, Young TR, Zakai NA, Cushman M, Zanetti KA, Zhao JH, Zhao W, Zheng Y, Zhou J, Ziegler RG, Zmuda JM, Fernandes JK, Gilkeson GS, Kamen DL, Hunt KJ, Spruill IJ, Ambrosone CB, Ambs S, Arnett DK, Atwood L, Becker DM, Berndt SI, Bernstein L, Blot WJ, Borecki IB, Bottinger EP, Bowden DW, Burke G, Chanock SJ, Cooper RS, Ding J, Duggan D, Evans MK, Fox C, Garvey WT, Bradfield JP, Hakonarson H, Grant SF, Hsing A, Chu L, Hu JJ, Huo D, Ingles SA, John EM, Jordan JM, Kabagambe EK, Kardia SL, Kittles RA, Goodman PJ, Klein EA, Kolonel LN, Le Marchand L, Liu S, McKnight B, Millikan RC, Mosley TH, Padhukasahasram B, Williams LK, Patel SR, Peters U, Pettaway CA, Peyser PA, Psaty BM, Redline S, Rotimi CN, Rybicki BA, Sale MM, Schreiner PJ, Signorello LB, Singleton AB, Stanford JL, Strom SS, Thun MJ, Vitolins M, Zheng W, Moore JH, Williams SM, Ketkar S, Zhu X, Zonderman AB. A meta-analysis identifies new loci associated with body mass index in individuals of African ancestry. Nat Genet. 2013 Jun; 45(6):690-6. PMID: 23583978.
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      20. Fesinmeyer MD, North KE, Ritchie MD, Lim U, Franceschini N, Wilkens LR, Gross MD, Bužková P, Glenn K, Quibrera PM, Fernández-Rhodes L, Li Q, Fowke JH, Li R, Carlson CS, Prentice RL, Kuller LH, Manson JE, Matise TC, Cole SA, Chen CT, Howard BV, Kolonel LN, Henderson BE, Monroe K, Crawford DC, Hindorff LA, Buyske S, Haiman CA, Le Marchand L, Peters U. Genetic risk factors for BMI and obesity in an ethnically diverse population: results from the population architecture using genomics and epidemiology (PAGE) study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013 Apr; 21(4):835-46. PMID: 23712987.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Pendergrass SA, Brown-Gentry K, Dudek S, Frase A, Torstenson ES, Goodloe R, Ambite JL, Avery CL, Buyske S, Bužková P, Deelman E, Fesinmeyer MD, Haiman CA, Heiss G, Hindorff LA, Hsu CN, Jackson RD, Kooperberg C, Le Marchand L, Lin Y, Matise TC, Monroe K, Moreland L, Park SL, Reiner A, Wallace R, Wilkens LR, Crawford DC, Ritchie MD. Phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) for detection of pleiotropy within the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Network. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(1):e1003087. PMID: 23382687.
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      22. Fesinmeyer MD, North KE, Lim U, Bužková P, Crawford DC, Haessler J, Gross MD, Fowke JH, Goodloe R, Love SA, Graff M, Carlson CS, Kuller LH, Matise TC, Hong CP, Henderson BE, Allen M, Rohde RR, Mayo P, Schnetz-Boutaud N, Monroe K, Ritchie MD, Prentice RL, Kolonel LN, Manson JE, Pankow J, Hindorff LA, Franceschini N, Wilkens LR, Haiman CA, Le Marchand L, Peters U. Effects of smoking on the genetic risk of obesity: the population architecture using genomics and epidemiology study. BMC Med Genet. 2013; 14:6. PMID: 23311614.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Graff M, Gordon-Larsen P, Lim U, Fowke JH, Love SA, Fesinmeyer M, Wilkens LR, Vertilus S, Ritchie MD, Prentice RL, Pankow J, Monroe K, Manson JE, Le Marchand L, Kuller LH, Kolonel LN, Hong CP, Henderson BE, Haessler J, Gross MD, Goodloe R, Franceschini N, Carlson CS, Buyske S, Bužková P, Hindorff LA, Matise TC, Crawford DC, Haiman CA, Peters U, North KE. The influence of obesity-related single nucleotide polymorphisms on BMI across the life course: the PAGE study. Diabetes. 2013 May; 62(5):1763-7. PMID: 23300277.
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      24. Monroe K, Stanczyk FZ, Besinque KH, Pike MC. The effect of grapefruit intake on endogenous serum estrogen levels in postmenopausal women. Nutr Cancer. 2013; 65(5):644-52. PMID: 23859031.
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      25. Siddiq A, Couch FJ, Chen GK, Lindström S, Eccles D, Millikan RC, Michailidou K, Stram DO, Beckmann L, Rhie SK, Ambrosone CB, Aittomäki K, Amiano P, Apicella C. A meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of breast cancer identifies two novel susceptibility loci at 6q14 and 20q11. Hum Mol Genet. 2012 Dec 15; 21(24):5373-84. PMID: 22976474.
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      26. Cheng I, Chen GK, Nakagawa H, He J, Wan P, Laurie CC, Shen J, Sheng X, Pooler LC, Crenshaw AT, Mirel DB, Takahashi A, Kubo M, Nakamura Y, Al Olama AA, Benlloch S, Donovan JL, Guy M, Hamdy FC, Kote-Jarai Z, Neal DE, Wilkens LR, Monroe K, Stram DO, Muir K, Eeles RA, Easton DF, Kolonel LN, Henderson BE, Le Marchand L, Haiman CA. Evaluating genetic risk for prostate cancer among Japanese and Latinos. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Nov; 21(11):2048-58. PMID: 22923026.
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      27. Albright CL, Schembre SM, Steffen AD, Wilkens LR, Monroe K, Yonemori KM, Murphy SP. Differences by Race/Ethnicity in Older Adults' Beliefs about the Relative Importance of Dietary Supplements vs Prescription Medications: Results from the SURE Study. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 Aug; 112(8):1223-9. PMID: 22818730.
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      28. Park SY, Wilkens LR, Murphy SP, Monroe K, Henderson BE, Kolonel LN. Body mass index and mortality in an ethnically diverse population: the Multiethnic Cohort Study. Eur J Epidemiol. 2012 Jul; 27(7):489-97. PMID: 22644110.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Laurie CC, Laurie CA, Rice K, Doheny KF, Zelnick LR, McHugh CP, Ling H, Hetrick KN, Pugh EW, Amos C, Wei Q, Wang LE, Lee JE, Barnes KC, Hansel NN, Mathias R, Daley D, Beaty TH, Scott AF, Ruczinski I, Scharpf RB, Bierut LJ, Hartz SM, Landi MT, Freedman ND, Goldin LR, Ginsburg D, Li J, Desch KC, Strom SS, Blot WJ, Signorello LB, Ingles SA, Chanock SJ, Berndt SI, Le Marchand L, Henderson BE, Monroe K, Heit JA, de Andrade M, Armasu SM, Regnier C, Lowe WL, Hayes MG, Marazita ML, Feingold E, Murray JC, Melbye M, Feenstra B, Kang JH, Wiggs JL, Jarvik GP, McDavid AN, Seshan VE, Mirel DB, Crenshaw A, Sharopova N, Wise A, Shen J, Crosslin DR, Levine DM, Zheng X, Udren JI, Bennett S, Nelson SC, Gogarten SM, Conomos MP, Heagerty P, Manolio T, Pasquale LR, Haiman CA, Caporaso N, Weir BS. Detectable clonal mosaicism from birth to old age and its relationship to cancer. Nat Genet. 2012; 44(6):642-50. PMID: 22561516.
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      30. Lim U, Wilkens LR, Monroe K, Caberto C, Tiirikainen M, Cheng I, Park SL, Stram DO, Henderson BE, Kolonel LN, Haiman CA, Le Marchand L. Susceptibility variants for obesity and colorectal cancer risk: The multiethnic cohort and PAGE studies. Int J Cancer. 2012 Sep 15; 131(6):E1038-43. PMID: 22511254.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Haiman CA, Fesinmeyer MD, Spencer KL, Buzková P, Voruganti VS, Wan P, Haessler J, Franceschini N, Monroe K, Howard BV, Jackson RD, Florez JC, Kolonel LN, Buyske S, Goodloe RJ, Liu S, Manson JE, Meigs JB, Waters K, Mukamal KJ, Pendergrass SA, Shrader P, Wilkens LR, Hindorff LA, Ambite JL, North KE, Peters U, Crawford DC, Le Marchand L, Pankow JS. Consistent Directions of Effect for Established Type 2 Diabetes Risk Variants Across Populations: The Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Consortium. Diabetes. 2012 Jun; 61(6):1642-7. PMID: 22474029.
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      32. Fejerman L, Chen GK, Eng C, Huntsman S, Hu D, Williams A, Pasaniuc B, John EM, Via M, Gignoux C, Ingles S, Monroe K, Kolonel LN, Torres-Mejía G, Pérez-Stable EJ, González Burchard E, Henderson BE, Haiman CA, Ziv E. Admixture mapping identifies a locus on 6q25 associated with breast cancer risk in US Latinas. Hum Mol Genet. 2012 Apr 15; 21(8):1907-17. PMID: 22228098.
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      33. Waters KM, Wilkens LR, Monroe K, Stram DO, Kolonel LN, Henderson BE, Le Marchand L, Haiman CA. No association of type 2 diabetes risk variants and prostate cancer risk: the multiethnic cohort and PAGE. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2011 Sep; 20(9):1979-81. PMID: 21750171.
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      34. Murphy SP, Wilkens LR, Monroe K, Steffen AD, Yonemori KM, Morimoto Y, Albright CL. Dietary supplement use within a multiethnic population as measured by a unique inventory method. J Am Diet Assoc. 2011 Jul; 111(7):1065-72. PMID: 21703385.
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      35. Haiman CA, Chen GK, Blot WJ, Strom SS, Berndt SI, Kittles RA, Rybicki BA, Isaacs WB, Ingles SA, Stanford JL, Diver WR, Witte JS, Chanock SJ, Kolb S, Signorello LB, Yamamura Y, Neslund-Dudas C, Thun MJ, Murphy A, Casey G, Sheng X, Wan P, Pooler LC, Monroe K, Waters KM, Le Marchand L, Kolonel LN, Stram DO, Henderson BE. Characterizing genetic risk at known prostate cancer susceptibility loci in African Americans. PLoS Genet. 2011 May; 7(5):e1001387. PMID: 21637779.
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      36. Haiman CA, Chen GK, Blot WJ, Strom SS, Berndt SI, Kittles RA, Rybicki BA, Isaacs WB, Ingles SA, Stanford JL, Diver WR, Witte JS, Hsing AW, Nemesure B, Rebbeck TR, Cooney KA, Xu J, Kibel AS, Hu JJ, John EM, Gueye SM, Watya S, Signorello LB, Hayes RB, Wang Z, Yeboah E, Tettey Y, Cai Q, Kolb S, Ostrander EA, Zeigler-Johnson C, Yamamura Y, Neslund-Dudas C, Haslag-Minoff J, Wu W, Thomas V, Allen GO, Murphy A, Chang BL, Zheng SL, Leske MC, Wu SY, Ray AM, Hennis AJ, Thun MJ, Carpten J, Casey G, Carter EN, Duarte ER, Xia LY, Sheng X, Wan P, Pooler LC, Cheng I, Monroe K, Schumacher F, Le Marchand L, Kolonel LN, Chanock SJ, Berg DV, Stram DO, Henderson BE. Genome-wide association study of prostate cancer in men of African ancestry identifies a susceptibility locus at 17q21. Nat Genet. 2011 Jun; 43(6):570-3. PMID: 21602798.
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      37. Cheng I, Caberto CP, Lum-Jones A, Seifried A, Wilkens LR, Schumacher FR, Monroe K, Lim U, Tiirikainen M, Kolonel LN, Henderson BE, Stram DO, Haiman CA, Le Marchand L. Type 2 diabetes risk variants and colorectal cancer risk: the Multiethnic Cohort and PAGE studies. Gut. 2011 Dec; 60(12):1703-11. PMID: 21602532.
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      38. Pendergrass SA, Brown-Gentry K, Dudek SM, Torstenson ES, Ambite JL, Avery CL, Buyske S, Cai C, Fesinmeyer MD, Haiman C, Heiss G, Hindorff LA, Hsu CN, Jackson RD, Kooperberg C, Le Marchand L, Lin Y, Matise TC, Moreland L, Monroe K, Reiner AP, Wallace R, Wilkens LR, Crawford DC, Ritchie MD. The use of phenome-wide association studies (PheWAS) for exploration of novel genotype-phenotype relationships and pleiotropy discovery. Genet Epidemiol. 2011 Jul; 35(5):410-22. PMID: 21594894.
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      39. Chen F, Wilkens LR, Monroe K, Stram DO, Kolonel LN, Henderson BE, Le Marchand L, Haiman CA. No association of risk variants for diabetes and obesity with breast cancer: the Multiethnic Cohort and PAGE studies. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2011 May; 20(5):1039-42. PMID: 21357383.
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      40. Bennett SN, Caporaso N, Fitzpatrick AL, Agrawal A, Barnes K, Boyd HA, Cornelis MC, Hansel NN, Heiss G, Heit JA, Kang JH, Kittner SJ, Kraft P, Lowe W, Marazita ML, Monroe K, Pasquale LR, Ramos EM, van Dam RM, Udren J, Williams K. Phenotype harmonization and cross-study collaboration in GWAS consortia: the GENEVA experience. Genet Epidemiol. 2011 Apr; 35(3):159-73. PMID: 21284036.
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      41. Chen F, Stram DO, Le Marchand L, Monroe K, Kolonel LN, Henderson BE, Haiman CA. Caution in generalizing known genetic risk markers for breast cancer across all ethnic/racial populations. Eur J Hum Genet. 2011 Feb; 19(2):243-5. PMID: 21102626.
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      42. Waters KM, Stram DO, Hassanein MT, Le Marchand L, Wilkens LR, Maskarinec G, Monroe K, Kolonel LN, Altshuler D, Henderson BE, Haiman CA. Consistent association of type 2 diabetes risk variants found in europeans in diverse racial and ethnic groups. PLoS Genet. 2010 Aug; 6(8). PMID: 20865176.
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      43. Setiawan VW, Monroe K, Wilkens LR, Kolonel LN, Pike MC, Henderson BE. Breast cancer risk factors defined by estrogen and progesterone receptor status: the multiethnic cohort study. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 May 15; 169(10):1251-9. PMID: 19318616.
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      44. Waters KM, Le Marchand L, Kolonel LN, Monroe K, Stram DO, Henderson BE, Haiman CA. Generalizability of associations from prostate cancer genome-wide association studies in multiple populations. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 Apr; 18(4):1285-9. PMID: 19318432.
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      45. Setiawan VW, Monroe K, Goodman MT, Kolonel LN, Pike MC, Henderson BE. Alcohol consumption and endometrial cancer risk: the multiethnic cohort. Int J Cancer. 2008 Feb 1; 122(3):634-8. PMID: 17764072.
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      46. Steffen AD, Kolonel LN, Nomura AM, Nagamine FS, Monroe K, Wilkens LR. The effect of multiple mailings on recruitment: the Multiethnic Cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008 Feb; 17(2):447-54. PMID: 18268129.
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      47. Monroe K, Murphy SP, Kolonel LN, Pike MC. Prospective study of grapefruit intake and risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women: the Multiethnic Cohort Study. Br J Cancer. 2007 Aug 6; 97(3):440-5. PMID: 17622247.
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      48. Nomura AM, Hankin JH, Henderson BE, Wilkens LR, Murphy SP, Pike MC, Le Marchand L, Stram DO, Monroe K, Kolonel LN. Dietary fiber and colorectal cancer risk: the multiethnic cohort study. Cancer Causes Control. 2007 Sep; 18(7):753-64. PMID: 17557210.
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      49. Monroe K, Murphy SP, Henderson BE, Kolonel LN, Stanczyk FZ, Adlercreutz H, Pike MC. Dietary fiber intake and endogenous serum hormone levels in naturally postmenopausal Mexican American women: the Multiethnic Cohort Study. Nutr Cancer. 2007; 58(2):127-35. PMID: 17640158.
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      50. Sharma S, Murphy SP, Wilkens LR, Shen L, Hankin JH, Monroe K, Henderson B, Kolonel LN. Adherence to the food guide pyramid recommendations among African Americans and Latinos: results from the Multiethnic Cohort. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Dec; 104(12):1873-7. PMID: 15565084.
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      51. London SJ, Pogoda JM, Hwang KL, Langholz B, Monroe K, Kolonel LN, Kaune WT, Peters JM, Henderson BE. Residential magnetic field exposure and breast cancer risk: a nested case-control study from a multiethnic cohort in Los Angeles County, California. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Nov 15; 158(10):969-80. PMID: 14607805.
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      52. Monroe K, Hankin JH, Pike MC, Henderson BE, Stram DO, Park S, Nomura AM, Wilkens LR, Kolonel LN. Correlation of dietary intake and colorectal cancer incidence among Mexican-American migrants: the multiethnic cohort study. Nutr Cancer. 2003; 45(2):133-47. PMID: 12881006.
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      53. Murphy SP, Wilkens LR, Hankin JH, Foote JA, Monroe K, Henderson BE, Kolonel LN. Comparison of two instruments for quantifying intake of vitamin and mineral supplements: a brief questionnaire versus three 24-hour recalls. Am J Epidemiol. 2002 Oct 1; 156(7):669-75. PMID: 12244036.
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      54. Ursin G, Wilson M, Henderson BE, Kolonel LN, Monroe K, Lee HP, Seow A, Yu MC, Stanczyk FZ, Gentzschein E. Do urinary estrogen metabolites reflect the differences in breast cancer risk between Singapore Chinese and United States African-American and white women? Cancer Res. 2001 Apr 15; 61(8):3326-9. PMID: 11309288.
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      55. Kolonel LN, Henderson BE, Hankin JH, Nomura AM, Wilkens LR, Pike MC, Stram DO, Monroe K, Earle ME, Nagamine FS. A multiethnic cohort in Hawaii and Los Angeles: baseline characteristics. Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Feb 15; 151(4):346-57. PMID: 10695593.
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      56. Stram DO, Hankin JH, Wilkens LR, Pike MC, Monroe K, Park S, Henderson BE, Nomura AM, Earle ME, Nagamine FS, Kolonel LN. Calibration of the dietary questionnaire for a multiethnic cohort in Hawaii and Los Angeles. Am J Epidemiol. 2000 Feb 15; 151(4):358-70. PMID: 10695594.
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      57. Bernstein L, Miu A, Monroe K, Henderson BE, Ross RK. Cancer incidence among Filipinos in Los Angeles County, 1972-1991. Int J Cancer. 1995 Nov 3; 63(3):345-8. PMID: 7591229.
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      58. Paoff K, Preston-Martin S, Mack WJ, Monroe K. A case-control study of maternal risk factors for thyroid cancer in young women (California, United States). Cancer Causes Control. 1995 Sep; 6(5):389-97. PMID: 8547536.
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      59. Monroe K, Yu MC, Kolonel LN, Coetzee GA, Wilkens LR, Ross RK, Henderson BE. Evidence of an X-linked or recessive genetic component to prostate cancer risk. Nat Med. 1995 Aug; 1(8):827-9. PMID: 7585188.
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      60. Preston-Martin S, Monroe K, Lee PJ, Bernstein L, Kelsey J, Henderson S, Forrester D, Henderson B. Spinal meningiomas in women in Los Angeles County: investigation of an etiological hypothesis. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1995 Jun; 4(4):333-9. PMID: 7655327.
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      61. Ursin G, Peters RK, Henderson BE, d'Ablaing G, Monroe K, Pike MC. Oral contraceptive use and adenocarcinoma of cervix. Lancet. 1994 Nov 19; 344(8934):1390-4. PMID: 7968074.
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      62. Hines GL, Mishriki Y, Williams L, Monroe K, Metwally N. Physiologic and pathologic evaluation of chronic extra-aortic counterpulsation with latissimus dorsi flap. Preliminary results. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 1991 Jul-Aug; 32(4):485-90. PMID: 1864878.
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