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John S Brekke, PhD

Title(s)Frances G. Larson Professor of Social Work Research, Professor of Social Work, Dept. of Adult Mental Health and Wellness
SchoolSchool of Social Work
Phone+1 213 740 0297
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    Dr. John Brekke joined the University of Southern California (USC) School of Social Work faculty in 1984. Prior to assuming an academic appointment, Dr. Brekke had a number of clinical positions working with persons diagnosed with severe and persistent mental illness in inpatient and outpatient settings.

    Since 1989, Dr. Brekke has been the principal investigator on five longitudinal studies funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, one funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and he received a mid-career K-Award from NIMH. His work focuses on the improvement of community-based services for individuals diagnosed with severe mental illness and on developing biosocial models for enhancing treatment effectiveness.

    Dr. Brekke is the associate dean of research at the USC School of Social Work. He is the past director of the Hamovitch Center for Science in the Human Services, and in 2001 was installed as the Frances Larson Professor of Social Work Research. He does extensive grant reviewing for federal agencies and was a standing member of the Services Research Scientific Merit Review Committee at NIMH for six years.

    He publishes in the most highly ranked journals in social work, psychology, and psychiatry. In 1994, Dr. Brekke received the “Armin Loeb Achievement in Research Award” from the International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services; in 1999, he received the “Excellence in Research Award” from the Society for Social Work and Research; and in 2010, he received an Investigator Award in Health Policy Research from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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    Biosocial Factors in Rehabilitation for Schizophrenia
    NIH/NIMH R24MH071794Sep 1, 2005 - May 31, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    BIOSOCIAL FACTORS AND REHABILITATION SERVICE OUTCOMES
    NIH/NIMH K02MH001628Sep 25, 1998 - Jul 31, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PREDICTING PSYSOCIAL REHABILITATION SERVICE OUTCOME
    NIH/NIMH R01MH053282Sep 1, 1995 - Jan 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    LONG-TERM COMMUNITY REHABILITATION OF SCHIZOPHRENICS
    NIH/NIMH R29MH043640Jan 1, 1989 - Dec 31, 1994
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Kelly EL, Davis L, Mendon S, Kiger H, Murch L, Pancake L, Giambone L, Brekke JS. Provider and consumer perspectives of community mental health services: Implications for consumer-driven care. Psychol Serv. 2018 May 03. PMID: 29722997.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Kelly EL, Braslow JT, Brekke JS. Using Electronic Health Records to Enhance a Peer Health Navigator Intervention: A Randomized Pilot Test for Individuals with Serious Mental Illness and Housing Instability. Community Ment Health J. 2018 Nov; 54(8):1172-1179. PMID: 29725878.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Kelly EL, Fenwick KM, Brekke JS, Novaco RW. Sources of Social Support After Patient Assault as Related to Staff Well-Being. J Interpers Violence. 2017 Oct 01; 886260517738779. PMID: 29294965.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Pahwa R, Fulginiti A, Brekke JS, Rice E. Mental illness disclosure decision making. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2017; 87(5):575-584. PMID: 28394157.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Starks SL, Arns PG, Padwa H, Friedman JR, Marrow J, Meldrum ML, Bromley E, Kelly EL, Brekke JS, Braslow JT. System Transformation Under the California Mental Health Services Act: Implementation of Full-Service Partnerships in L.A. County. Psychiatr Serv. 2017 Jun 01; 68(6):587-595. PMID: 28142386.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Cohen AN, Hamilton AB, Saks ER, Glover DL, Glynn SM, Brekke JS, Marder SR. How Occupationally High-Achieving Individuals With a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia Manage Their Symptoms. Psychiatr Serv. 2017 Apr 01; 68(4):324-329. PMID: 27842472.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Kelly E, Duan L, Cohen H, Kiger H, Pancake L, Brekke J. Integrating behavioral healthcare for individuals with serious mental illness: A randomized controlled trial of a peer health navigator intervention. Schizophr Res. 2017 04; 182:135-141. PMID: 27793514.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Kelly EL, Fenwick K, Brekke JS, Novaco RW. Well-Being and Safety Among Inpatient Psychiatric Staff: The Impact of Conflict, Assault, and Stress Reactivity. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 09; 43(5):703-716. PMID: 26377816.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Meldrum ML, Kelly EL, Calderon R, Brekke JS, Braslow JT. Implementation Status of Assisted Outpatient Treatment Programs: A National Survey. Psychiatr Serv. 2016 06 01; 67(6):630-5. PMID: 26828396.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Kelly EL, Davis L, Brekke JS. PBRN Findings: Integrated Care for Individuals With Serious Mental Illnesses. Psychiatr Serv. 2015 Nov; 66(11):1253. PMID: 26522802.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Fulginiti A, Pahwa R, Frey LM, Rice E, Brekke JS. What Factors Influence the Decision to Share Suicidal Thoughts? A Multilevel Social Network Analysis of Disclosure Among Individuals with Serious Mental Illness. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2016 Aug; 46(4):398-412. PMID: 26511676.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Lim C, Barrio C, Hernandez M, Barragán A, Yamada AM, Brekke JS. Remission of symptoms in community-based psychosocial rehabilitation services for individuals with schizophrenia. Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2016 Mar; 39(1):42-6. PMID: 26280709.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Kelly EL, Kiger H, Gaba R, Pancake L, Pilon D, Murch L, Knox L, Meyer M, Brekke JS. The Recovery-Oriented Care Collaborative: A Practice-Based Research Network to Improve Care for People With Serious Mental Illnesses. Psychiatr Serv. 2015 Nov; 66(11):1132-4. PMID: 26130004; PMCID: PMC4630081 [Available on 11/01/16].
    14. Fulginiti A, Brekke JS. Escape from Discrepancy: Self-Esteem and Quality of Life as Predictors of Current Suicidal Ideation Among Individuals with Schizophrenia. Community Ment Health J. 2015 Aug; 51(6):654-62. PMID: 25682283.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Kelly EL, Subica AM, Fulginiti A, Brekke JS, Novaco RW. A cross-sectional survey of factors related to inpatient assault of staff in a forensic psychiatric hospital. J Adv Nurs. 2015 May; 71(5):1110-22. PMID: 25546118.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Kelly EL, Fenwick KM, Barr N, Cohen H, Brekke JS. A systematic review of self-management health care models for individuals with serious mental illnesses. Psychiatr Serv. 2014 Nov 01; 65(11):1300-10. PMID: 25023057; PMCID: PMC4433309.
    17. Pahwa R, Bromley E, Brekke B, Gabrielian S, Braslow JT, Brekke JS. Relationship of community integration of persons with severe mental illness and mental health service intensity. Psychiatr Serv. 2014 Jun 01; 65(6):822-5. PMID: 24733579.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Davis L, Brekke JS. Social networks and arrest among persons with severe mental illness: an exploratory analysis. Psychiatr Serv. 2013 Dec 01; 64(12):1274-7. PMID: 24292734.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Davis L, Brekke J. Social support and functional outcome in severe mental illness: the mediating role of proactive coping. Psychiatry Res. 2014 Jan 30; 215(1):39-45. PMID: 24113124.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Bromley E, Gabrielian S, Brekke B, Pahwa R, Daly KA, Brekke JS, Braslow JT. Experiencing community: perspectives of individuals diagnosed as having serious mental illness. Psychiatr Serv. 2013 Jul 01; 64(7):672-9. PMID: 23545784; PMCID: PMC3826257.
    21. Kelly E, Fulginiti A, Pahwa R, Tallen L, Duan L, Brekke JS. A pilot test of a peer navigator intervention for improving the health of individuals with serious mental illness. Community Ment Health J. 2014 May; 50(4):435-46. PMID: 23744292.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Davis L, Fulginiti A, Kriegel L, Brekke JS. Deinstitutionalization? Where have all the people gone? Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2012 Jun; 14(3):259-69. PMID: 22527873.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Edmondson M, Pahwa R, Lee KK, Hoe M, Brekke JS. A dual change model of life satisfaction and functioning for individuals with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2012 Aug; 139(1-3):110-5. PMID: 22591780.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Davis L, Kurzban S, Brekke J. Self-esteem as a mediator of the relationship between role functioning and symptoms for individuals with severe mental illness: a prospective analysis of Modified Labeling theory. Schizophr Res. 2012 May; 137(1-3):185-9. PMID: 22377104.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Bromley E, Adams GF, Brekke JS. A video ethnography approach for linking naturalistic behaviors to research constructs of neurocognition in schizophrenia. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2012; 24(2):125-40. PMID: 22772661; PMCID: PMC4699689.
    26. Bromley E, Mikesell L, Mates A, Smith M, Brekke JS. A video ethnography approach to assessing the ecological validity of neurocognitive and functional measures in severe mental illness: results from a feasibility study. Schizophr Bull. 2012 Sep; 38(5):981-91. PMID: 21402723; PMCID: PMC3446220.
    27. Guada J, Hoe M, Floyd R, Barbour J, Brekke JS. How family factors impact psychosocial functioning for African American consumers with schizophrenia. Community Ment Health J. 2012 Feb; 48(1):45-55. PMID: 21170737.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Guada J, Hoe M, Floyd R, Barbour J, Brekke JS. The importance of consumer perceived criticism on clinical outcomes for outpatient African Americans with schizophrenia. Community Ment Health J. 2011 Dec; 47(6):637-45. PMID: 21132563.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Kurzban S, Davis L, Brekke JS. Vocational, social, and cognitive rehabilitation for individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia: a review of recent research and trends. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2010 Aug; 12(4):345-55. PMID: 20574811.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Medalia A, Brekke J. In search of a theoretical structure for understanding motivation in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2010 Sep; 36(5):912-8. PMID: 20595203; PMCID: PMC2930333.
    31. Nakagami E, Hoe M, Brekke JS. The prospective relationships among intrinsic motivation, neurocognition, and psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2010 Sep; 36(5):935-48. PMID: 20462998; PMCID: PMC2930331.
    32. Yamada AM, Lee KK, Dinh TQ, Barrio C, Brekke JS. Intrinsic motivation as a mediator of relationships between symptoms and functioning among individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders in a diverse urban community. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010 Jan; 198(1):28-34. PMID: 20061866; PMCID: PMC2946838.
    33. Bromley E, Brekke JS. Assessing function and functional outcome in schizophrenia. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2010; 4:3-21. PMID: 21312395.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Brekke JS, Hoe M, Green MF. Neurocognitive change, functional change and service intensity during community-based psychosocial rehabilitation for schizophrenia. Psychol Med. 2009 Oct; 39(10):1637-47. PMID: 19243648.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Gioia D, Brekke JS. Neurocognition, ecological validity, and daily living in the community for individuals with schizophrenia: a mixed methods study. Psychiatry. 2009; 72(1):94-107. PMID: 19366297.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Guada J, Brekke JS, Floyd R, Barbour J. The relationships among perceived criticism, family contact, and consumer clinical and psychosocial functioning for African-American consumers with schizophrenia. Community Ment Health J. 2009 Apr; 45(2):106-16. PMID: 18841474.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Nakagami E, Xie B, Hoe M, Brekke JS. Intrinsic motivation, neurocognition and psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia: testing mediator and moderator effects. Schizophr Res. 2008 Oct; 105(1-3):95-104. PMID: 18715756.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Yamada AM, Brekke JS. Addressing mental health disparities through clinical competence not just cultural competence: the need for assessment of sociocultural issues in the delivery of evidence-based psychosocial rehabilitation services. Clin Psychol Rev. 2008 Dec; 28(8):1386-99. PMID: 18778881; PMCID: PMC2659411.
    39. Long JD, Harring JR, Brekke JS, Test MA, Greenberg J. Longitudinal construct validity of Brief Symptom Inventory subscales in schizophrenia. Psychol Assess. 2007 Sep; 19(3):298-308. PMID: 17845121.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Brekke JS, Hoe M, Long J, Green MF. How neurocognition and social cognition influence functional change during community-based psychosocial rehabilitation for individuals with schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2007 Sep; 33(5):1247-56. PMID: 17255120; PMCID: PMC2632359.
    41. Peer JE, Kupper Z, Long JD, Brekke JS, Spaulding WD. Identifying mechanisms of treatment effects and recovery in rehabilitation of schizophrenia: longitudinal analytic methods. Clin Psychol Rev. 2007 Jul; 27(6):696-714. PMID: 17343964.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Brekke JS, Nakagami E, Kee KS, Green MF. Cross-ethnic differences in perception of emotion in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2005 Sep 15; 77(2-3):289-98. PMID: 15923111.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Brekke J, Kay DD, Lee KS, Green MF. Biosocial pathways to functional outcome in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2005 Dec 15; 80(2-3):213-25. PMID: 16137859.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Test MA, Greenberg JS, Long JD, Brekke JS, Burke SS. Construct validity of a measure of subjective satisfaction with life of adults with serious mental illness. Psychiatr Serv. 2005 Mar; 56(3):292-300. PMID: 15746503.
      View in: PubMed
    45. McKibbin CL, Brekke JS, Sires D, Jeste DV, Patterson TL. Direct assessment of functional abilities: relevance to persons with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2004 Dec 15; 72(1):53-67. PMID: 15531407.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Bae SW, Brekke JS, Bola JR. Ethnicity and treatment outcome variation in schizophrenia: a longitudinal study of community-based psychosocial rehabilitation interventions. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2004 Sep; 192(9):623-8. PMID: 15348979.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Gioia D, Brekke JS. Rehab rounds: use of the Americans with Disabilities Act by young adults with schizophrenia. Psychiatr Serv. 2003 Mar; 54(3):302-4. PMID: 12610236.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Bae SW, Brekke JS. The measurement of self-esteem among Korean Americans: a cross-ethnic study. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. 2003 Feb; 9(1):16-33. PMID: 12647323.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Gioia D, Brekke JS. Knowledge and use of workplace accommodations and protections by young adults with schizophrenia: a mixed method study. Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2003; 27(1):59-68. PMID: 12967233.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Kee KS, Green MF, Mintz J, Brekke JS. Is emotion processing a predictor of functional outcome in schizophrenia? Schizophr Bull. 2003; 29(3):487-97. PMID: 14609242.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Brekke JS, Long JD, Kay DD. The structure and invariance of a model of social functioning in schizophrenia. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2002 Feb; 190(2):63-72. PMID: 11889358.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Bae SW, Brekke JS. Characteristics of Korean-Americans with schizophrenia: a cross-ethnic comparison with African-Americans, Latinos, and Euro-Americans. Schizophr Bull. 2002; 28(4):703-17. PMID: 12795500.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Brekke JS, Prindle C, Bae SW, Long JD. Risks for individuals with schizophrenia who are living in the community. Psychiatr Serv. 2001 Oct; 52(10):1358-66. PMID: 11585953.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Brekke JS, Kohrt B, Green MF. Neuropsychological functioning as a moderator of the relationship between psychosocial functioning and the subjective experience of self and life in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2001; 27(4):697-708. PMID: 11824495.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Brekke JS, Ansel M, Long J, Slade E, Weinstein M. Intensity and continuity of services and functional outcomes in the rehabilitation of persons with schizophrenia. Psychiatr Serv. 1999 Feb; 50(2):248-56. PMID: 10030485.
      View in: PubMed