Ph.D. in Economics, University of California, San Diego, 1982.
Assistant Professor, Department of Mental Hygiene, School of Hygiene and Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, 1980-1982.
Senior Project Analyst, Applied Management Sciences, Silver Springs, MD, 1982-83.
Social Science Research Analysis, Office of Research and Demonstrations, Health Care Financing Administration, 1983-1987.
USC School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy, 1987-present.