Jae U Jung, PhD

TitleDistinguished Professor and Chair, Molecular Microbiology and Immunology
InstitutionUniversity of Southern California
DepartmentMolecular Microbiology and Immunology
AddressHMR 401 2011 Zonal Avenue
Health Sciences Campus
Los Angeles CA 90089
Phone+1 323 442 1713
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    Other Positions
    TitleFletcher Jones Foundation Chair in Molecular Microbiology and Immunology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My laboratory is conducting different areas of research:

    Host and Virus Standoff: Co-existence of viruses with their hosts requires a balance between host immune responses and their evasion by viruses. To deal with the sophisticated host immune system, viruses have evolved a myriad of immune evasion mechanisms to avoid elimination by the host's immune response. Herpesvirus: Host immune responses, including cytotoxic T lymphocytes and Natural killer cells, play essential roles in the elimination of virus-infected cells. Additionally, interferon and lymphotoxin and their receptor pathways are critical to the early viral infection, ultimately kick-starting the innate and adaptive immune responses of the host defense. Finally, the host carries various intracellular restriction mechanisms to thwart the spread of pathogens. Gifted with large genetic capacity, herpesviruses encode a wider array of viral immune modulators to avoid these host innate and adaptive immune responses. Understanding herpesvirus-mediated immune evasion tactics is the primary goal of this avenue.

    Influenza Virus: The second avenue of this section is focused primarily on interferon (IFN)-mediated anti-virus immunity. Upon viral infection, the major defense mounted by the host immune system is activation of the IFN-mediated anti-viral innate immune pathway. In order to complete their life cycle, viruses that are obligatory intracellular parasites must modulate host IFN-mediated immune response. We study how the host recognizes viral infection with a specific focus on the RIG-I, TRIMs and IRF genes, and how influenza virus escapes host IFN-mediated anti-viral response with a specific focus on the Influenza virus NS1 gene. Genetically altered mice are used to demonstrate the in vivo roles of host and viral IFN regulatory genes.

    Virus-Induced Cancer: This section is focused on understanding the molecular mechanisms of lymphoproliferative diseases induced by the gamma-2 herpesviruses and on developing animal models for human diseases. The gamma 2 herpesviruses include murine herpesvirus 68 (MHV68), herpesvirus saimiri (HVS), and Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV). KSHV is consistently associated with Kaposi's sarcoma, which is a multifocal vascular tumor of mixed cellular composition and is the most common tumor in patients with AIDS. Infection of New World primates with HVS results in rapidly progressing malignant T cell lymphomas. Finally, MHV68 provides a small animal model to study viral persistent infection. Biochemical and immunological analyses of individual viral genes in cell culture and experimental infection of mouse or primate with recombinant herpesviruses are used to define their roles in the onset of disease.

    Programmed Cell Death (PCD): Apoptosis has been a primary PCD mechanism to respond viral infection by participating in its own death. Autophagy (Greek, "to eat oneself") is a new, emerging cellular pathway in which subcellular membranes undergo dynamic morphological changes that lead to the degradation of cellular proteins, cytoplasmic organelles, and invading pathogens. Thus, apoptotic and autophagic PCDs are important innate safeguard mechanisms to protect the organism against harmful microbes and unwanted cancerous cells. Viruses, in turn, have evolved elaborate mechanisms to subvert apoptotic and autophagic processes. This avenue is to understand how host initiates apoptosis and autophagy responses upon viral infection and how virus escapes host intracellular PCD-mediated innate immune controls to establish persistent infection and pathogenesis.

    Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) and Prostate Cancer: We utilize genetically engineered mouse models and chemical inhibitors to investigate the molecular details of ALL and prostate cancer and to develop therapeutic strategies against these cancers.

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    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    SFTSV nonstructural protein NSs-mediated immunopathogenesis
    NIH/NIAID R01AI140705Jul 1, 2018 - Jun 30, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Genetic evolution, pathogenesis and immune responses in mother to child transmission of ZIKV
    NIH/NIAID R01AI140718May 2, 2018 - Apr 30, 2023
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Role of autophagy for Zika virus lifecycle
    NIH/NIAID R21AI129496Sep 4, 2017 - Aug 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Molecular Basis of KSHV oncogenesis
    NIH/NCI R35CA200422Mar 1, 2016 - Feb 28, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    TRIM9-mediated anti-viral immune pathway
    NIH/NIAID R01AI116585Feb 5, 2015 - Jan 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    KSHV Epigenetic Regulation
    NIH/NIDCR R01DE023926Sep 17, 2013 - Jun 30, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    KSHV Persistence and Pathogenesis
    NIH/NCI P01CA180779Aug 13, 2013 - Jul 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    KSHV vaccine development
    NIH/NIAID R21AI105909Mar 1, 2013 - Feb 28, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    When Autophagy Meets Phagocytosis
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL110609Aug 1, 2011 - Apr 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Live-attenuated KSHV as vaccine candidate
    NIH/NCI RC2CA148616Sep 30, 2009 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Peptide-mediated immunotherapy of KSHV-associated malignancy.
    NIH/NCI RC1CA147868Sep 30, 2009 - Feb 29, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    RIG-I and TRIM25 mediated immune surveillance against virus
    NIH/NIAID R01AI083355Jul 1, 2009 - Jun 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Host-pathogen competition in IFN mediated antiviral defense
    NIH/NIAID U19AI083025May 1, 2009 - Apr 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Role of viral BCI-2 mediated anti-apoptosis and-autophagy
    NIH/NIAID R01AI073099Dec 1, 2006 - Jul 31, 2018
    Role: Principal Investigator
    KSHV RTA: more than viral replication
    NIH/NCI R01CA115284Jun 1, 2005 - May 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Herpesvirus saimiri TIP
    NIH/NCI R01CA109697May 1, 2005 - Apr 30, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cell growth deregulation by KSHV protein
    NIH/NCI R01CA106156Jul 16, 2004 - Jun 30, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A novel immune evasion strategy of KSHV K3 and K5
    NIH/NCI R01CA091819May 8, 2001 - Apr 30, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NIH/NCI R01CA086841Feb 1, 2000 - Jan 31, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Molecular Basis of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Pathogenesis
    NIH/NCI R01CA082057Jun 15, 1999 - Dec 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Molecular basis for Herpesvirus saimiri oncogenicity
    NIH/NCI R01CA031363Mar 1, 1982 - Jul 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Zhang J, Zhao J, Xu S, Li J, He S, Zeng Y, Xie L, Xie N, Liu T, Lee K, Seo GJ, Chen L, Stabell AC, Xia Z, Sawyer SL, Jung J, Huang C, Feng P. Species-Specific Deamidation of cGAS by Herpes Simplex Virus UL37 Protein Facilitates Viral Replication. Cell Host Microbe. 2018 Aug 08; 24(2):234-248.e5. PMID: 30092200.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Choi Y, Bowman JW, Jung J. Autophagy during viral infection - a double-edged sword. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2018 Jun; 16(6):341-354. PMID: 29556036.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Gruffaz M, Zhou S, Vasan K, Rushing T, Michael QL, Lu C, Jung J, Gao SJ. Repurposing Cytarabine for Treating Primary Effusion Lymphoma by Targeting Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Latent and Lytic Replications. MBio. 2018 May 08; 9(3). PMID: 29739902.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Choi YJ, Bowman JW, Jung J. A Talented Duo: IFIT1 and IFIT3 Patrol Viral RNA Caps. Immunity. 2018 Mar 20; 48(3):474-476. PMID: 29562196.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Seo GJ, Kim C, Shin WJ, Sklan EH, Eoh H, Jung J. TRIM56-mediated monoubiquitination of cGAS for cytosolic DNA sensing. Nat Commun. 2018 02 09; 9(1):613. PMID: 29426904.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Liang Q, Wei D, Chung B, Brulois KF, Guo C, Dong S, Gao SJ, Feng P, Liang C, Jung J. Novel Role of vBcl2 in the Virion Assembly of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus. J Virol. 2018 02 15; 92(4). PMID: 29167347.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Cheng F, Ramos da Silva S, Huang IC, Jung J, Gao SJ. Suppression of Zika Virus Infection and Replication in Endothelial Cells and Astrocytes by PKA Inhibitor PKI 14-22. J Virol. 2018 02 15; 92(4). PMID: 29212931.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Lee HR, Li F, Choi UY, Yu HR, Aldrovandi GM, Feng P, Gao SJ, Hong YK, Jung J. Deregulation of HDAC5 by Viral Interferon Regulatory Factor 3 Plays an Essential Role in Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus-Induced Lymphangiogenesis. MBio. 2018 Jan 16; 9(1). PMID: 29339432.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Chen W, Choi YJ, Jung J. Unexpected Alliance of WHIP-TRIM14-PPP6C to Combat Viruses. Mol Cell. 2017 Oct 19; 68(2):259-261. PMID: 29053952.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Li C, Zhu X, Ji X, Quanquin N, Deng YQ, Tian M, Aliyari R, Zuo X, Yuan L, Afridi SK, Li XF, Jung J, Nielsen-Saines K, Qin FX, Qin CF, Xu Z, Cheng G. Chloroquine, a FDA-approved Drug, Prevents Zika Virus Infection and its Associated Congenital Microcephaly in Mice. EBioMedicine. 2017 Oct; 24:189-194. PMID: 29033372.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Foo SS, Chen W, Chan Y, Bowman JW, Chang LC, Choi Y, Yoo JS, Ge J, Cheng G, Bonnin A, Nielsen-Saines K, Brasil P, Jung J. Asian Zika virus strains target CD14+ blood monocytes and induce M2-skewed immunosuppression during pregnancy. Nat Microbiol. 2017 Nov; 2(11):1558-1570. PMID: 28827581.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Zhu Y, Li T, Ramos da Silva S, Lee JJ, Lu C, Eoh H, Jung J, Gao SJ. A Critical Role of Glutamine and Asparagine ?-Nitrogen in Nucleotide Biosynthesis in Cancer Cells Hijacked by an Oncogenic Virus. MBio. 2017 08 15; 8(4). PMID: 28811348.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Kwak MJ, Kim JD, Kim H, Kim C, Bowman JW, Kim S, Joo K, Lee J, Jin KS, Kim YG, Lee NK, Jung J, Oh BH. Architecture of the type IV coupling protein complex of Legionella pneumophila. Nat Microbiol. 2017 Jul 17; 2:17114. PMID: 28714967.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Choi UY, Park A, Jung J. Double the Trouble When Herpesviruses Join Hands. Cell Host Microbe. 2017 Jul 12; 22(1):5-7. PMID: 28704653.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Moon HJ, Nikapitiya C, Lee HC, Park ME, Kim JH, Kim TH, Yoon JE, Cho WK, Ma JY, Kim CJ, Jung J, Lee JS. Inhibition of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus by a peptide derived from vFLIP through its direct destabilization of viruses. Sci Rep. 2017 Jul 07; 7(1):4875. PMID: 28687749.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Kim JH, Park ME, Nikapitiya C, Kim TH, Uddin MB, Lee HC, Kim E, Ma JY, Jung J, Kim CJ, Lee JS. FAS-associated factor-1 positively regulates type I interferon response to RNA virus infection by targeting NLRX1. PLoS Pathog. 2017 May; 13(5):e1006398. PMID: 28542569.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Hwang SW, Kim D, Jung J, Lee HR. KSHV-encoded viral interferon regulatory factor 4 (vIRF4) interacts with IRF7 and inhibits interferon alpha production. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 05 06; 486(3):700-705. PMID: 28342865.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Chen CL, Huang JY, Wang CH, Tahara SM, Zhou L, Kondo Y, Schechter J, Su L, Lai MM, Wakita T, Cosset FL, Jung J, Machida K. Hepatitis C virus has a genetically determined lymphotropism through co-receptor B7.2. Nat Commun. 2017 Jan 09; 8:13882. PMID: 28067225.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Lee HR, Choi UY, Hwang SW, Kim S, Jung J. Viral Inhibition of PRR-Mediated Innate Immune Response: Learning from KSHV Evasion Strategies. Mol Cells. 2016 Nov 30; 39(11):777-782. PMID: 27871174.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Maazi H, Suzuki Y, Jung J, Akbari O. Reply. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Feb; 139(2):712-713. PMID: 27847142.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Tan L, Zhang C, Dematos J, Kuang L, Jung J, Liang X. CD95 Signaling Inhibits B Cell Receptor-Mediated Gammaherpesvirus Replication in Apoptosis-Resistant B Lymphoma Cells. J Virol. 2016 Nov 01; 90(21):9782-9796. PMID: 27558422.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Seo GJ, Choi Y, Jung J. No TRIFling Matter on STING. Cell Host Microbe. 2016 09 14; 20(3):277-278. PMID: 27631696.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Toth Z, Papp B, Brulois K, Choi YJ, Gao SJ, Jung J. LANA-Mediated Recruitment of Host Polycomb Repressive Complexes onto the KSHV Genome during De Novo Infection. PLoS Pathog. 2016 Sep; 12(9):e1005878. PMID: 27606464; PMCID: PMC5015872.
    24. Lee EY, Lee HC, Kim HK, Jang SY, Park SJ, Kim YH, Kim JH, Hwang J, Kim JH, Kim TH, Arif A, Kim SY, Choi YK, Lee C, Lee CH, Jung J, Fox PL, Kim S, Lee JS, Kim MH. Infection-specific phosphorylation of glutamyl-prolyl tRNA synthetase induces antiviral immunity. Nat Immunol. 2016 Nov; 17(11):1252-1262. PMID: 27595231.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Liang Q, Luo Z, Zeng J, Chen W, Foo SS, Lee SA, Ge J, Wang S, Goldman SA, Zlokovic BV, Zhao Z, Jung J. Zika Virus NS4A and NS4B Proteins Deregulate Akt-mTOR Signaling in Human Fetal Neural Stem Cells to Inhibit Neurogenesis and Induce Autophagy. Cell Stem Cell. 2016 11 03; 19(5):663-671. PMID: 27524440.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Lee JH, Lee JH, Lee SH, Do SI, Cho SD, Forslund O, Inn KS, Lee JS, Deng FM, Melamed J, Jung J, Jeong JH. TPL2 Is an Oncogenic Driver in Keratocanthoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Cancer Res. 2016 11 15; 76(22):6712-6722. PMID: 27503930.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Cheng F, He M, Jung J, Lu C, Gao SJ. Suppression of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Infection and Replication by 5'-AMP-Activated Protein Kinase. J Virol. 2016 07 15; 90(14):6515-6525. PMID: 27147746.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Kim YR, Koh HJ, Kim JS, Yun JS, Jang K, Lee JY, Jung J, Yang CS. Peptide inhibition of p22phox and Rubicon interaction as a therapeutic strategy for septic shock. Biomaterials. 2016 09; 101:47-59. PMID: 27267627.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Zhu Y, Ramos da Silva S, He M, Liang Q, Lu C, Feng P, Jung J, Gao SJ. An Oncogenic Virus Promotes Cell Survival and Cellular Transformation by Suppressing Glycolysis. PLoS Pathog. 2016 May; 12(5):e1005648. PMID: 27187079; PMCID: PMC4871371.
    30. Nicol SM, Sabbah S, Brulois KF, Jung J, Bell AI, Hislop AD. Primary B Lymphocytes Infected with Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Can Be Expanded In Vitro and Are Recognized by LANA-Specific CD4+ T Cells. J Virol. 2016 Apr; 90(8):3849-3859. PMID: 26819313.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Chen Z, Shojaee S, Buchner M, Geng H, Lee JW, Klemm L, Titz B, Graeber TG, Park E, Tan YX, Satterthwaite A, Paietta E, Hunger SP, Willman CL, Melnick A, Loh ML, Jung J, Coligan JE, Bolland S, Mak TW, Limnander A, Jumaa H, Reth M, Weiss A, Lowell CA, Müschen M. Corrigendum: Signalling thresholds and negative B-cell selection in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Nature. 2016 06 02; 534(7605):138. PMID: 26958840.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Lee MS, Yuan H, Jeon H, Zhu Y, Yoo S, Shi S, Krueger B, Renne R, Lu C, Jung J, Gao SJ. Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells of Diverse Origins Support Persistent Infection with Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus and Manifest Distinct Angiogenic, Invasive, and Transforming Phenotypes. MBio. 2016 Jan 26; 7(1):e02109-15. PMID: 26814175; PMCID: PMC4742711.
    33. Choi SJ, Lee HC, Kim JH, Park SY, Kim TH, Lee WK, Jang DJ, Yoon JE, Choi YI, Kim S, Ma J, Kim CJ, Yao TP, Jung J, Lee JY, Lee JS. HDAC6 regulates cellular viral RNA sensing by deacetylation of RIG-I. EMBO J. 2016 Feb 15; 35(4):429-42. PMID: 26746851; PMCID: PMC4755110 [Available on 02/15/17].
    34. Stittrich AB, Ashworth J, Shi M, Robinson M, Mauldin D, Brunkow ME, Biswas S, Kim JM, Kwon KS, Jung J, Galas D, Serikawa K, Duerr RH, Guthery SL, Peschon J, Hood L, Roach JC, Glusman G. Genomic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease in five families with multiple affected individuals. Hum Genome Var. 2016; 3:15060. PMID: 27081563; PMCID: PMC4785573.
    35. Klionsky DJ, Abdelmohsen K, Abe A, Abedin MJ, Abeliovich H, Acevedo Arozena A, Adachi H, Adams CM, Adams PD, Adeli K, Adhihetty PJ, Adler SG, Agam G, Agarwal R, Aghi MK, Agnello M, Agostinis P, Aguilar PV, Aguirre-Ghiso J, Airoldi EM, Ait-Si-Ali S, Akematsu T, Akporiaye ET, Al-Rubeai M, Albaiceta GM, Albanese C, Albani D, Albert ML, Aldudo J, Algül H, Alirezaei M, Alloza I, Almasan A, Almonte-Beceril M, Alnemri ES, Alonso C, Altan-Bonnet N, Altieri DC, Alvarez S, Alvarez-Erviti L, Alves S, Amadoro G, Amano A, Amantini C, Ambrosio S, Amelio I, Amer AO, Amessou M, Amon A, An Z, Anania FA, Andersen SU, Andley UP, Andreadi CK, Andrieu-Abadie N, Anel A, Ann DK, Anoopkumar-Dukie S, Antonioli M, Aoki H, Apostolova N, Aquila S, Aquilano K, Araki K, Arama E, Aranda A, Araya J, Arcaro A, Arias E, Arimoto H, Ariosa AR, Armstrong JL, Arnould T, Arsov I, Asanuma K, Askanas V, Asselin E, Atarashi R, Atherton SS, Atkin JD, Attardi LD, Auberger P, Auburger G, Aurelian L, Autelli R, Avagliano L, Avantaggiati ML, Avrahami L, Awale S, Azad N, Bachetti T, Backer JM, Bae DH, Bae JS, Bae ON, Bae SH, Baehrecke EH, Baek SH, Baghdiguian S, Bagniewska-Zadworna A, Bai H, Bai J, Bai XY, Bailly Y, Balaji KN, Balduini W, Ballabio A, Balzan R, Banerjee R, Bánhegyi G, Bao H, Barbeau B, Barrachina MD, Barreiro E, Bartel B, Bartolomé A, Bassham DC, Bassi MT, Bast RC, Basu A, Batista MT, Batoko H, Battino M, Bauckman K, Baumgarner BL, Bayer KU, Beale R, Beaulieu JF, Beck GR, Becker C, Beckham JD, Bédard PA, Bednarski PJ, Begley TJ, Behl C, Behrends C, Behrens GM, Behrns KE, Bejarano E, Belaid A, Belleudi F, Bénard G, Berchem G, Bergamaschi D, Bergami M, Berkhout B, Berliocchi L, Bernard A, Bernard M, Bernassola F, Bertolotti A, Bess AS, Besteiro S, Bettuzzi S, Bhalla S, Bhattacharyya S, Bhutia SK, Biagosch C, Bianchi MW, Biard-Piechaczyk M, Billes V, Bincoletto C, Bingol B, Bird SW, Bitoun M, Bjedov I, Blackstone C, Blanc L, Blanco GA, Blomhoff HK, Boada-Romero E, Böckler S, Boes M, Boesze-Battaglia K, Boise LH, Bolino A, Boman A, Bonaldo P, Bordi M, Bosch J, Botana LM, Botti J, Bou G, Bouché M, Bouchecareilh M, Boucher MJ, Boulton ME, Bouret SG, Boya P, Boyer-Guittaut M, Bozhkov PV, Brady N, Braga VM, Brancolini C, Braus GH, Bravo-San Pedro JM, Brennan LA, Bresnick EH, Brest P, Bridges D, Bringer MA, Brini M, Brito GC, Brodin B, Brookes PS, Brown EJ, Brown K, Broxmeyer HE, Bruhat A, Brum PC, Brumell JH, Brunetti-Pierri N, Bryson-Richardson RJ, Buch S, Buchan AM, Budak H, Bulavin DV, Bultman SJ, Bultynck G, Bumbasirevic V, Burelle Y, Burke RE, Burmeister M, Bütikofer P, Caberlotto L, Cadwell K, Cahova M, Cai D, Cai J, Cai Q, Calatayud S, Camougrand N, Campanella M, Campbell GR, Campbell M, Campello S, Candau R, Caniggia I, Cantoni L, Cao L, Caplan AB, Caraglia M, Cardinali C, Cardoso SM, Carew JS, Carleton LA, Carlin CR, Carloni S, Carlsson SR, Carmona-Gutierrez D, Carneiro LA, Carnevali O, Carra S, Carrier A, Carroll B, Casas C, Casas J, Cassinelli G, Castets P, Castro-Obregon S, Cavallini G, Ceccherini I, Cecconi F, Cederbaum AI, Ceña V, Cenci S, Cerella C, Cervia D, Cetrullo S, Chaachouay H, Chae HJ, Chagin AS, Chai CY, Chakrabarti G, Chamilos G, Chan EY, Chan MT, Chandra D, Chandra P, Chang CP, Chang RC, Chang TY, Chatham JC, Chatterjee S, Chauhan S, Che Y, Cheetham ME, Cheluvappa R, Chen CJ, Chen G, Chen GC, Chen G, Chen H, Chen JW, Chen JK, Chen M, Chen M, Chen P, Chen Q, Chen Q, Chen SD, Chen S, Chen SS, Chen W, Chen WJ, Chen WQ, Chen W, Chen X, Chen YH, Chen YG, Chen Y, Chen Y, Chen Y, Chen YJ, Chen YQ, Chen Y, Chen Z, Chen Z, Cheng A, Cheng CH, Cheng H, Cheong H, Cherry S, Chesney J, Cheung CH, Chevet E, Chi HC, Chi SG, Chiacchiera F, Chiang HL, Chiarelli R, Chiariello M, Chieppa M, Chin LS, Chiong M, Chiu GN, Cho DH, Cho SG, Cho WC, Cho YY, Cho YS, Choi AM, Choi EJ, Choi EK, Choi J, Choi ME, Choi SI, Chou TF, Chouaib S, Choubey D, Choubey V, Chow KC, Chowdhury K, Chu CT, Chuang TH, Chun T, Chung H, Chung T, Chung YL, Chwae YJ, Cianfanelli V, et al. Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (3rd edition). Autophagy. 2016; 12(1):1-222. PMID: 26799652.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Bowman J, Rodgers MA, Shi M, Amatya R, Hostager B, Iwai K, Gao SJ, Jung J. Posttranslational Modification of HOIP Blocks Toll-Like Receptor 4-Mediated Linear-Ubiquitin-Chain Formation. MBio. 2015 Nov 17; 6(6):e01777-15. PMID: 26578682; PMCID: PMC4659476.
    37. Suzuki Y, Maazi H, Sankaranarayanan I, Lam J, Khoo B, Soroosh P, Barbers RG, James Ou JH, Jung J, Akbari O. Lack of autophagy induces steroid-resistant airway inflammation. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 May; 137(5):1382-1389.e9. PMID: 26589586; PMCID: PMC4860134 [Available on 05/01/17].
    38. Skeate JG, Porras TB, Woodham AW, Jang JK, Taylor JR, Brand HE, Kelly TJ, Jung J, Da Silva DM, Yuan W, Kast WM. Herpes simplex virus downregulation of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor enhances human papillomavirus type 16 infection. J Gen Virol. 2016 Feb; 97(2):422-34. PMID: 26555393; PMCID: PMC4804641 [Available on 02/01/17].
    39. Lee HR, Mitra J, Lee S, Gao SJ, Oh TK, Kim MH, Ha T, Jung J. Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Viral Interferon Regulatory Factor 4 (vIRF4) Perturbs the G1-S Cell Cycle Progression via Deregulation of the cyclin D1 Gene. J Virol. 2016 01 15; 90(2):1139-43. PMID: 26491150.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Seo GJ, Yang A, Tan B, Kim S, Liang Q, Choi Y, Yuan W, Feng P, Park HS, Jung J. Akt Kinase-Mediated Checkpoint of cGAS DNA Sensing Pathway. Cell Rep. 2015 Oct 13; 13(2):440-9. PMID: 26440888; PMCID: PMC4607670.
    41. Jung J, Münz C. Immune control of oncogenic ?-herpesviruses. Curr Opin Virol. 2015 Oct; 14:79-86. PMID: 26372881; PMCID: PMC4628884 [Available on 10/01/16].
    42. Yoo YS, Park YY, Kim JH, Cho H, Kim SH, Lee HS, Kim TH, Sun Kim Y, Lee Y, Kim CJ, Jung J, Lee JS, Cho H. The mitochondrial ubiquitin ligase MARCH5 resolves MAVS aggregates during antiviral signalling. Nat Commun. 2015 Aug 06; 6:7910. PMID: 26246171; PMCID: PMC4918326.
    43. Cheng F, Sawant TV, Lan K, Lu C, Jung J, Gao SJ. Screening of the Human Kinome Identifies MSK1/2-CREB1 as an Essential Pathway Mediating Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Lytic Replication during Primary Infection. J Virol. 2015 Sep; 89(18):9262-80. PMID: 26109721; PMCID: PMC4542378.
    44. Sohn YS, Shin HC, Park WS, Ge J, Kim CH, Lee BL, Heo WD, Jung J, Rigden DJ, Oh BH. Lpg0393 of Legionella pneumophila is a guanine-nucleotide exchange factor for Rab5, Rab21 and Rab22. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0118683. PMID: 25821953.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Zhang J, He S, Wang Y, Brulois K, Lan K, Jung J, Feng P. Herpesviral G protein-coupled receptors activate NFAT to induce tumor formation via inhibiting the SERCA calcium ATPase. PLoS Pathog. 2015 Mar; 11(3):e1004768. PMID: 25811856; PMCID: PMC4374719.
    46. Brulois K, Wong LY, Lee HR, Sivadas P, Ensser A, Feng P, Gao SJ, Toth Z, Jung J. Association of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus ORF31 with ORF34 and ORF24 Is Critical for Late Gene Expression. J Virol. 2015 Jun; 89(11):6148-54. PMID: 25810551; PMCID: PMC4442431.
    47. Chen Z, Shojaee S, Buchner M, Geng H, Lee JW, Klemm L, Titz B, Graeber TG, Park E, Tan YX, Satterthwaite A, Paietta E, Hunger SP, Willman CL, Melnick A, Loh ML, Jung J, Coligan JE, Bolland S, Mak TW, Limnander A, Jumaa H, Reth M, Weiss A, Lowell CA, Müschen M. Signalling thresholds and negative B-cell selection in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Nature. 2015 May 21; 521(7552):357-61. PMID: 25799995.
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    133. Liang C, E X, Jung J. Downregulation of autophagy by herpesvirus Bcl-2 homologs. Autophagy. 2008 Apr; 4(3):268-72. PMID: 17993780.
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    134. Takahashi Y, Coppola D, Matsushita N, Cualing HD, Sun M, Sato Y, Liang C, Jung J, Cheng JQ, Mulé JJ, Pledger WJ, Wang HG. Bif-1 interacts with Beclin 1 through UVRAG and regulates autophagy and tumorigenesis. Nat Cell Biol. 2007 Oct; 9(10):1142-51. PMID: 17891140; PMCID: PMC2254521.
    135. Joo CH, Shin YC, Gack M, Wu L, Levy D, Jung J. Inhibition of interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7)-mediated interferon signal transduction by the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus viral IRF homolog vIRF3. J Virol. 2007 Aug; 81(15):8282-92. PMID: 17522209; PMCID: PMC1951281.
    136. Gack MU, Shin YC, Joo CH, Urano T, Liang C, Sun L, Takeuchi O, Akira S, Chen Z, Inoue S, Jung J. TRIM25 RING-finger E3 ubiquitin ligase is essential for RIG-I-mediated antiviral activity. Nature. 2007 Apr 19; 446(7138):916-920. PMID: 17392790.
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    137. Means RE, Lang SM, Jung J. The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K5 E3 ubiquitin ligase modulates targets by multiple molecular mechanisms. J Virol. 2007 Jun; 81(12):6573-83. PMID: 17409151; PMCID: PMC1900076.
    138. Liang C, Feng P, Ku B, Oh BH, Jung J. UVRAG: a new player in autophagy and tumor cell growth. Autophagy. 2007 Jan-Feb; 3(1):69-71. PMID: 17106237.
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    139. Garcia MI, Kaserman J, Chung YH, Jung J, Lee SH. Herpesvirus saimiri STP-A oncoprotein utilizes Src family protein tyrosine kinase and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors to elicit cellular signal transduction. J Virol. 2007 Mar; 81(6):2663-74. PMID: 17182673; PMCID: PMC1866011.
    140. Li Q, Means R, Lang S, Jung J. Downregulation of gamma interferon receptor 1 by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K3 and K5. J Virol. 2007 Mar; 81(5):2117-27. PMID: 17166914; PMCID: PMC1865953.
    141. Cho IR, Jeong S, Jhun BH, An WG, Lee B, Kwak YT, Lee SH, Jung J, Chung YH. Activation of non-canonical NF-kappaB pathway mediated by STP-A11, an oncoprotein of Herpesvirus saimiri. Virology. 2007 Mar 01; 359(1):37-45. PMID: 17028057.
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    142. Liang C, Feng P, Ku B, Dotan I, Canaani D, Oh BH, Jung J. Autophagic and tumour suppressor activity of a novel Beclin1-binding protein UVRAG. Nat Cell Biol. 2006 Jul; 8(7):688-99. PMID: 16799551.
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    143. Liang X, Pickering MT, Cho NH, Chang H, Volkert MR, Kowalik TF, Jung J. Deregulation of DNA damage signal transduction by herpesvirus latency-associated M2. J Virol. 2006 Jun; 80(12):5862-74. PMID: 16731925; PMCID: PMC1472574.
    144. Shin YC, Nakamura H, Liang X, Feng P, Chang H, Kowalik TF, Jung J. Inhibition of the ATM/p53 signal transduction pathway by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus interferon regulatory factor 1. J Virol. 2006 Mar; 80(5):2257-66. PMID: 16474133; PMCID: PMC1395370.
    145. Chang H, Dittmer DP, Shin YC, Chul SY, Hong Y, Jung J. Role of Notch signal transduction in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus gene expression. J Virol. 2005 Nov; 79(22):14371-82. PMID: 16254371; PMCID: PMC1280196.
    146. Lee BS, Lee SH, Feng P, Chang H, Cho NH, Jung J. Characterization of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K1 signalosome. J Virol. 2005 Oct; 79(19):12173-84. PMID: 16160144; PMCID: PMC1211520.
    147. Izumiya Y, Ellison TJ, Yeh ET, Jung J, Luciw PA, Kung HJ. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K-bZIP represses gene transcription via SUMO modification. J Virol. 2005 Aug; 79(15):9912-25. PMID: 16014952; PMCID: PMC1181544.
    148. Kouri V, Liang X, Rodriguez ME, Capo V, Resik S, Barrios J, Mantecon B, Blanco O, Means R, Jung J, Lee BS, Hengge UR. Molecular epidemiology and KSHV K1 subtypes in a Cuban AIDS-Kaposi's sarcoma population. AIDS. 2005 Jun 10; 19(9):984-7. PMID: 15905683.
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    149. Lee SB, Park J, Jung J, Chung J. Nef induces apoptosis by activating JNK signaling pathway and inhibits NF-kappaB-dependent immune responses in Drosophila. J Cell Sci. 2005 May 01; 118(Pt 9):1851-9. PMID: 15827086.
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    150. Chang H, Gwack Y, Kingston D, Souvlis J, Liang X, Means RE, Cesarman E, Hutt-Fletcher L, Jung J. Activation of CD21 and CD23 gene expression by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus RTA. J Virol. 2005 Apr; 79(8):4651-63. PMID: 15795251; PMCID: PMC1069543.
    151. Liang X, Shin YC, Means RE, Jung J. Inhibition of interferon-mediated antiviral activity by murine gammaherpesvirus 68 latency-associated M2 protein. J Virol. 2004 Nov; 78(22):12416-27. PMID: 15507628; PMCID: PMC525078.
    152. Cho NH, Feng P, Lee SH, Lee BS, Liang X, Chang H, Jung J. Inhibition of T cell receptor signal transduction by tyrosine kinase-interacting protein of Herpesvirus saimiri. J Exp Med. 2004 Sep 06; 200(5):681-7. PMID: 15337788; PMCID: PMC2212737.
    153. Chung YH, Cho NH, Garcia MI, Lee SH, Feng P, Jung J. Activation of Stat3 transcription factor by Herpesvirus saimiri STP-A oncoprotein. J Virol. 2004 Jun; 78(12):6489-97. PMID: 15163742; PMCID: PMC416526.
    154. Lee SH, Chung YH, Cho NH, Gwack Y, Feng P, Jung J. Modulation of T-cell receptor signal transduction by herpesvirus signaling adaptor protein. Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Jun; 24(12):5369-82. PMID: 15169900; PMCID: PMC419894.
    155. Feng P, Scott CW, Cho NH, Nakamura H, Chung YH, Monteiro MJ, Jung J. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K7 protein targets a ubiquitin-like/ubiquitin-associated domain-containing protein to promote protein degradation. Mol Cell Biol. 2004 May; 24(9):3938-48. PMID: 15082787; PMCID: PMC387769.
    156. Gwack Y, Nakamura H, Lee SH, Souvlis J, Yustein JT, Gygi S, Kung HJ, Jung J. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 and Ste20-like kinase hKFC act as transcriptional repressors for gamma-2 herpesvirus lytic replication. Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Nov; 23(22):8282-94. PMID: 14585985; PMCID: PMC262387.
    157. Lee SH, Jung J, Means RE. 'Complementing' viral infection: mechanisms for evading innate immunity. Trends Microbiol. 2003 Oct; 11(10):449-52. PMID: 14557025.
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    158. Park J, Cho NH, Choi JK, Feng P, Choe J, Jung J. Distinct roles of cellular Lck and p80 proteins in herpesvirus saimiri Tip function on lipid rafts. J Virol. 2003 Aug; 77(16):9041-51. PMID: 12885920; PMCID: PMC167239.
    159. Lee BS, Connole M, Tang Z, Harris NL, Jung J. Structural analysis of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K1 protein. J Virol. 2003 Jul; 77(14):8072-86. PMID: 12829846; PMCID: PMC161944.
    160. Nakamura H, Lu M, Gwack Y, Souvlis J, Zeichner SL, Jung J. Global changes in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated virus gene expression patterns following expression of a tetracycline-inducible Rta transactivator. J Virol. 2003 Apr; 77(7):4205-20. PMID: 12634378; PMCID: PMC150665.
    161. Gwack Y, Baek HJ, Nakamura H, Lee SH, Meisterernst M, Roeder RG, Jung J. Principal role of TRAP/mediator and SWI/SNF complexes in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus RTA-mediated lytic reactivation. Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Mar; 23(6):2055-67. PMID: 12612078; PMCID: PMC149486.
    162. Lee BS, Paulose-Murphy M, Chung YH, Connlole M, Zeichner S, Jung J. Suppression of tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate-induced lytic reactivation of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus by K1 signal transduction. J Virol. 2002 Dec; 76(23):12185-99. PMID: 12414958; PMCID: PMC136871.
    163. Feng P, Park J, Lee BS, Lee SH, Bram RJ, Jung J. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus mitochondrial K7 protein targets a cellular calcium-modulating cyclophilin ligand to modulate intracellular calcium concentration and inhibit apoptosis. J Virol. 2002 Nov; 76(22):11491-504. PMID: 12388711; PMCID: PMC136794.
    164. Park J, Lee BS, Choi JK, Means RE, Choe J, Jung J. Herpesviral protein targets a cellular WD repeat endosomal protein to downregulate T lymphocyte receptor expression. Immunity. 2002 Aug; 17(2):221-33. PMID: 12196293.
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    165. Lin SF, Robinson DR, Oh J, Jung J, Luciw PA, Kung HJ. Identification of the bZIP and Rta homologues in the genome of rhesus monkey rhadinovirus. Virology. 2002 Jul 05; 298(2):181-8. PMID: 12127781.
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    166. Lorenzo ME, Jung J, Ploegh HL. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K3 utilizes the ubiquitin-proteasome system in routing class major histocompatibility complexes to late endocytic compartments. J Virol. 2002 Jun; 76(11):5522-31. PMID: 11991980; PMCID: PMC137062.
    167. Means RE, Lang SM, Chung YH, Jung J. Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus immune evasion strategies. Front Biosci. 2002 May 01; 7:e185-203. PMID: 11991843.
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    168. Chung YH, Means RE, Choi JK, Lee BS, Jung J. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus OX2 glycoprotein activates myeloid-lineage cells to induce inflammatory cytokine production. J Virol. 2002 May; 76(10):4688-98. PMID: 11967286; PMCID: PMC136121.
    169. Means RE, Ishido S, Alvarez X, Jung J. Multiple endocytic trafficking pathways of MHC class I molecules induced by a Herpesvirus protein. EMBO J. 2002 Apr 02; 21(7):1638-49. PMID: 11927548; PMCID: PMC125361.
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