Grace M. Richter, MD

Title(s)Associate Professor of Clinical Ophthalmology
AddressHC4 4900 1450 San Pablo Street
Off Campus
Los Angeles CA 90033-6103
Phone+1 323 442 6418
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Columbia University College of Physicians and SurgeonsMD2009
    Columbia University Mailman School of Public HealthMPH2009
    USC Roski Eye InstituteOphthalmology Residency2013
    University of California, Los Angeles- Jules Stein Eye InstituteGlaucoma Fellowship
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Washington University2002Howard Hughes Medical Institute Research Grant
    2000  - 2003Robert C. Byrd Scholar
    2001  - 2003Charles E. Thoele Scholarship
    2000  - 2004Washington University Arts and Sciences Scholar
    2004Phi Beta Kappa Honor Society
    Columbia University2005NIH Research Fellowship
    Columbia University2005  - 2007Louis and Rachel Rudin Scholar
    Columbia University2007  - 2008Wyman Merit Scholarship in Public Health
    ARVO/National Eye Institute2009Travel Grant
    Department of Ophthalmology, USC2011Travel Grant
    Department of Ophthalmology, USC2012Research Travel Grant
    Department of Ophthalmology, USC2011  - 2012Medical Knowledge Award
    2014  - 2015Heed Ophthalmic Foundation Fellow

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Grace M. Richter, MD, MPH, graduated summa cum laude from Washington University in St. Louis, where she majored in biochemistry and international studies. She then went to Columbia University for her Medical Degree, as well as her Masters in Public Health. After completing her ophthalmology residency at the University of Southern California, she served as the assistant chief of service for ophthalmology at the Los Angeles County Medical Center. She then completed a fellowship as the David Mays II Glaucoma Fellow at UCLA Jules Stein Eye Institute prior to returning to USC. Her research endeavors focus on ocular epidemiology and improving glaucoma diagnostics, and she has published and presented widely in these areas. Finally, Dr. Richter is passionate about international ophthalmology and enjoys volunteering her time to perform and teach manual small incision extracapsular cataract surgery in developing areas of the world.

    Dr. Richter has significant experience in ocular epidemiology and continues to work with Dr. Rohit Varma on his population-based eye studies such as the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. She is also interested in recent advancements in minimally invasive glaucoma surgery, and has written a comprehensive review on this topic. Dr. Richter is interested in glaucoma imaging techniques in order to improve our ability to diagnose glaucoma. Most recently, she is studying optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to characterize the optic nerve head in glaucoma, and is interested in using OCTA to characterize vascular risk factors for glaucoma. Finally, Dr. Richter is interested in studying the long-term effects of dietary habits on various eye diseases, including cataract, macular degeneration, and glaucoma.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Defining the Relationships of Retinal Microcirculation with Glaucoma, Systemic Disease, and Ocular Anatomic Factors in African Americans
    NIH K23EY027855May 1, 2017 - Apr 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Steps to Measurement Floor of an Optical Microangiography Device in Glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 2021 May 26. Phillips MJ, Dinh-Dang D, Bolo K, Burkemper B, Lee JC, LeTran VH, Chang BR, Grisafe DJ, Chu Z, Zhou X, Song BJ, Xu BY, Wong B, Wang RK, Richter GM. PMID: 34051173.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Relationship Between Macular Vessel Density and Total Retinal Blood Flow in Primary Open-angle Glaucoma. J Glaucoma. 2021 May 12. Cano J, Rahimi M, Xu BY, Richter GM, Tan O, Huang D, Shahidi M. PMID: 33979111.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness in Healthy Eyes of African, Chinese, and Latino Americans: A Population-based Multiethnic Study. Ophthalmology. 2020 Nov 17. Nousome D, Mckean-Cowdin R, Richter GM, Burkemper B, Torres M, Varma R, Jiang X. PMID: 33217471.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Intrasession repeatability and intersession reproducibility of peripapillary OCTA vessel parameters in non-glaucomatous and glaucomatous eyes. Br J Ophthalmol. 2020 Sep 11. Lee JC, Grisafe DJ, Burkemper B, Chang BR, Zhou X, Chu Z, Fard A, Durbin M, Wong BJ, Song BJ, Xu BY, Wang R, Richter GM. PMID: 32917629.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Clinical Utility of Triplicate En Face Image Averaging for Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Glaucoma and Glaucoma Suspects. J Glaucoma. 2020 Sep; 29(9):823-830. Nelson AJ, Chu Z, Burkemper B, Chang BR, Xu B, Wang RK, Richter GM. PMID: 32496464.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    6. Ocular Biometric Determinants of Anterior Chamber Angle Width in Chinese Americans: The Chinese American Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2020 12; 220:19-26. Xu BY, Lifton J, Burkemper B, Jiang X, Pardeshi AA, Moghimi S, Richter GM, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R. PMID: 32730913.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Reply. Ophthalmol Glaucoma. 2020 May - Jun; 3(3):e3-e5. Richter G, Wang P, Shen J. PMID: 32672625.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    8. Effect of Angle Narrowing on Sectoral Variation of Anterior Chamber Angle Width: The Chinese American Eye Study. Ophthalmol Glaucoma. 2020 Mar-Apr; 3(2):130-138. Xu BY, Pardeshi AA, Shan J, DeBoer C, Moghimi S, Richter G, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R. PMID: 32632408.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    9. Machine Learning Models for Diagnosing Glaucoma from Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Maps. Ophthalmol Glaucoma. 2019 Nov - Dec; 2(6):422-428. Wang P, Shen J, Chang R, Moloney M, Torres M, Burkemper B, Jiang X, Rodger D, Varma R, Richter GM. PMID: 32672575.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    10. Ocular Determinants of Peripapillary Vessel Density in Healthy African Americans: The African American Eye Disease Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2019 08 01; 60(10):3368-3373. Nelson AJ, Chang R, LeTran V, Vu B, Burkemper B, Chu Z, Fard A, Kashani A, Xu B, Wang R, Varma R, Richter GM. PMID: 31917454.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    11. Systemic Determinants of Peripapillary Vessel Density in Healthy African Americans: The African American Eye Disease Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2019 11; 207:240-247. Chang R, Nelson AJ, LeTran V, Vu B, Burkemper B, Chu Z, Fard A, Kashani AH, Xu BY, Wang RK, Varma R, Richter GM. PMID: 31229463.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Effect of Scan Size on Glaucoma Diagnostic Performance Using OCT Angiography En Face Images of the Radial Peripapillary Capillaries. J Glaucoma. 2019 05; 28(5):465-472. Chang R, Chu Z, Burkemper B, Lee GC, Fard A, Durbin MK, Reznik A, Xu BY, Kashani A, Varma R, Wang RK, Richter GM. PMID: 30789527.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    13. Differences in Anterior Chamber Angle Assessments Between Gonioscopy, EyeCam, and Anterior Segment OCT: The Chinese American Eye Study. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2019 Mar; 8(2):5. Xu BY, Pardeshi AA, Burkemper B, Richter GM, Lin SC, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R. PMID: 30941263.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    14. Quantitative Evaluation of Gonioscopic and EyeCam Assessments of Angle Dimensions Using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2018 Nov; 7(6):33. Xu BY, Pardeshi AA, Burkemper B, Richter GM, Lin SC, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R. PMID: 30619653.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    15. Diagnostic Performance of Macular Versus Peripapillary Vessel Parameters by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography for Glaucoma. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2018 Nov; 7(6):21. Richter GM, Chang R, Situ B, Chu Z, Burkemper B, Reznik A, Bedrood S, Kashani AH, Varma R, Wang RK. PMID: 30564510.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    16. Peripapillary microvasculature in the retinal nerve fiber layer in glaucoma by optical coherence tomography angiography: focal structural and functional correlations and diagnostic performance. Clin Ophthalmol. 2018; 12:2285-2296. Richter GM, Sylvester B, Chu Z, Burkemper B, Madi I, Chang R, Reznik A, Varma R, Wang RK. PMID: 30510397.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    17. MACULAR MICROCYSTS IN SCHWARTZ-MATSUO SYNDROME. Retin Cases Brief Rep. 2018 Fall; 12(4):367-370. Chen X, Richter GM, Caprioli J, McCannel TA. PMID: 28002286.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Correlation between Intraocular Pressure and Angle Configuration Measured by OCT: The Chinese American Eye Study. Ophthalmol Glaucoma. 2018 Nov-Dec; 1(3):158-166. Xu BY, Burkemper B, Lewinger JP, Jiang X, Pardeshi AA, Richter G, Torres M, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R. PMID: 31025032.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    19. Comparison of surgical outcomes of trabeculectomy, Ahmed shunt, and Baerveldt shunt in uveitic glaucoma. J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect. 2018 Jun 18; 8(1):9. Chow A, Burkemper B, Varma R, Rodger DC, Rao N, Richter GM. PMID: 29915970.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    20. Structural and Functional Associations of Macular Microcirculation in the Ganglion Cell-Inner Plexiform Layer in Glaucoma Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. J Glaucoma. 2018 03; 27(3):281-290. Richter GM, Madi I, Chu Z, Burkemper B, Chang R, Zaman A, Sylvester B, Reznik A, Kashani A, Wang RK, Varma R. PMID: 29394201.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    21. The Promise of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Glaucoma. Ophthalmology. 2017 11; 124(11):1577-1578. Richter GM. PMID: 29055364.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Utility of optical coherence tomography angiography in detecting glaucomatous damage in a uveitic patient with disc congestion: A case report. Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep. 2017 Dec; 8:78-83. Do JL, Sylvester B, Shahidzadeh A, Wang RK, Chu Z, Patel V, Richter GM. PMID: 29260124.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    23. Optical coherence tomography angiography: A comprehensive review of current methods and clinical applications. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2017 09; 60:66-100. Kashani AH, Chen CL, Gahm JK, Zheng F, Richter GM, Rosenfeld PJ, Shi Y, Wang RK. PMID: 28760677.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 121     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Ocular Determinants of Refractive Error and Its Age- and Sex-Related Variations in the Chinese American Eye Study. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2017 07 01; 135(7):724-732. Richter GM, Wang M, Jiang X, Wu S, Wang D, Torres M, Choudhury F, Varma R, . PMID: 28520882.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Regression Analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography Disc Variables for Glaucoma Diagnosis. J Glaucoma. 2016 08; 25(8):634-42. Richter GM, Zhang X, Tan O, Francis BA, Chopra V, Greenfield DS, Varma R, Schuman JS, Huang D, . PMID: 26900833.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    26. Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery: current status and future prospects. Clin Ophthalmol. 2016; 10:189-206. Richter GM, Coleman AL. PMID: 26869753.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    27. Risk factors for incident cortical, nuclear, posterior subcapsular, and mixed lens opacities: the Los Angeles Latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2012 Oct; 119(10):2040-7. Richter GM, Choudhury F, Torres M, Azen SP, Varma R, Los Angeles Latino Eye Study Group . PMID: 22771048.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Risk factors for cortical, nuclear, posterior subcapsular, and mixed lens opacities: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2012 Mar; 119(3):547-54. Richter GM, Torres M, Choudhury F, Azen SP, Varma R, Los Angeles Latino Eye Study Group . PMID: 22197433.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Four-year incidence and progression of lens opacities: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):728-34.e1-2. Varma R, Richter GM, Torres M, Foong AW, Choudhury F, Azen SP, Los Angeles Latino Eye Study Group . PMID: 20181327.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Prevalence of visually significant cataract and factors associated with unmet need for cataract surgery: Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2009 Dec; 116(12):2327-35. Richter GM, Chung J, Azen SP, Varma R, Los Angeles Latino Eye Study Group . PMID: 19815276.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Speed of telemedicine vs ophthalmoscopy for retinopathy of prematurity diagnosis. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jul; 148(1):136-42.e2. Richter GM, Sun G, Lee TC, Chan RV, Flynn JT, Starren J, Chiang MF. PMID: 19376496.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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