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Chaim O. Jacob, MD, PhD

TitleProfessor of Medicine
InstitutionUniversity of Southern California
DepartmentMedicine
AddressHMR 705
Health Sciences Campus
Los Angeles CA 90089-9099
Phone+1 323 442 1822
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    1985J.F. Kennedy Memorial Prize
    The Reticulo Endothelial Society1987Presidential Award
    Irvington House Institute for Medical Research1988  - 1990Fellow
    Southern California Chapter of Arthritis Foundation2000Klinenberg Award
    National Arthritis Foundation2001  - 2002Klinenberg Award
    The Henry Kunkel Society2009Elected Member

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Jacob's research interests include genetics and pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). He continues his groundbreaking work in discovering and characterizing new genes important to the development of SLE.

    Dr. Jacob earned his medical degree from Tel Aviv University, Sackler School of Medicine. He then went on to complete graduate school at The Weizmann Institute of Science, followed by a Rheumatology Fellowship at Stanford University School of Medicine.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Leukocyte NADPH Oxidase Variants in Lupus
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR072212Aug 1, 2017 - Jul 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Elucidation of novel gene variants predisposing to childhood and adult-onset SLE
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR057172Mar 1, 2010 - Dec 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cytokine mechanisms in systemic lupus erythematosus
    NIH/NIAID R01AI057473Jun 1, 2004 - May 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    A new direction in studing sex hormone involovement in *
    NIH/NIAMS R21AR048442Sep 23, 2002 - May 31, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator
    CYTOKINE MECHANISMS IN SYSTEMIC AUTOIMMUNITY
    NIH/NIAID R21AI048603Sep 30, 2001 - Sep 29, 2003
    Role: Principal Investigator
    GENETICS OF CHILDHOOD ONSET SLE
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR045650Sep 20, 1999 - Jun 30, 2005
    Role: Principal Investigator
    GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY STUDY OF SLE IN FAMILIES
    NIH/NIAMS R01AR043815Sep 30, 1997 - Aug 31, 2002
    Role: Principal Investigator
    TNF AND TNF RECEPTORS IN AUTOIMMUNE MODELS
    NIH/NIAID R21AI037079Sep 15, 1996 - Feb 28, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator
    AUTOMATED DNA SEQUENCER--SIG
    NIH/NCRR S10RR011341Sep 15, 1996 - Sep 14, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Hanscombe KB, Morris DL, Noble JA, Dilthey AT, Tombleson P, Kaufman KM, Comeau M, Langefeld CD, Alarcon-Riquelme ME, Gaffney PM, Jacob C, Sivils KL, Tsao BP, Alarcon GS, Brown EE, Croker J, Edberg J, Gilkeson G, James JA, Kamen DL, Kelly JA, McCune J, Merrill JT, Petri M, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Salmon JE, Scofield H, Utset T, Wallace DJ, Weisman MH, Kimberly RP, Harley JB, Lewis CM, Criswell LA, Vyse TJ. Genetic fine mapping of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus MHC associations in Europeans and African Americans. Hum Mol Genet. 2018 Jul 31. PMID: 30085094.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Wolf SJ, Theros J, Reed TJ, Liu J, Grigorova IL, Martínez-Colón G, Jacob C, Hodgin JB, Kahlenberg JM. TLR7-Mediated Lupus Nephritis Is Independent of Type I IFN Signaling. J Immunol. 2018 Jun 08. PMID: 29884703.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Patel Z, Lu X, Miller D, Forney CR, Lee J, Lynch A, Schroeder C, Parks L, Magnusen AF, Chen X, Pujato M, Maddox A, Zoller EE, Namjou B, Brunner HI, Henrickson M, Huggins JL, Williams AH, Ziegler JT, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Glenn SB, Adler A, Shen N, Nath SK, Stevens AM, Freedman BI, Pons-Estel BA, Tsao BP, Jacob C, Kamen DL, Brown EE, Gilkeson GS, Alarcón GS, Martin J, Reveille JD, Anaya JM, James JA, Sivils KL, Criswell LA, Vilá LM, Petri M, Scofield RH, Kimberly RP, Edberg JC, Ramsey-Goldman R, Bang SY, Lee HS, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Cunninghame Graham D, Vyse TJ, Merrill JT, Niewold TB, Ainsworth HC, Silverman ED, Weisman MH, Wallace DJ, Raj P, Guthridge JM, Gaffney PM, Kelly JA, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Langefeld CD, Wakeland EK, Kaufman KM, Weirauch MT, Harley JB, Kottyan LC. A plausibly causal functional lupus-associated risk variant in the STAT1-STAT4 locus. Hum Mol Genet. 2018 Apr 18. PMID: 29912393.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Langefeld CD, Ainsworth HC, Cunninghame Graham DS, Kelly JA, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Howard TD, Ramos PS, Croker JA, Morris DL, Sandling JK, Almlöf JC, Acevedo-Vásquez EM, Alarcón GS, Babini AM, Baca V, Bengtsson AA, Berbotto GA, Bijl M, Brown EE, Brunner HI, Cardiel MH, Catoggio L, Cervera R, Cucho-Venegas JM, Dahlqvist SR, D'Alfonso S, Da Silva BM, de la Rúa Figueroa I, Doria A, Edberg JC, Endreffy E, Esquivel-Valerio JA, Fortin PR, Freedman BI, Frostegård J, García MA, de la Torre IG, Gilkeson GS, Gladman DD, Gunnarsson I, Guthridge JM, Huggins JL, James JA, Kallenberg CGM, Kamen DL, Karp DR, Kaufman KM, Kottyan LC, Kovács L, Laustrup H, Lauwerys BR, Li QZ, Maradiaga-Ceceña MA, Martín J, McCune JM, McWilliams DR, Merrill JT, Miranda P, Moctezuma JF, Nath SK, Niewold TB, Orozco L, Ortego-Centeno N, Petri M, Pineau CA, Pons-Estel BA, Pope J, Raj P, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Russell LP, Sabio JM, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Scherbarth HR, Scorza R, Seldin MF, Sjöwall C, Svenungsson E, Thompson SD, Toloza SMA, Truedsson L, Tusié-Luna T, Vasconcelos C, Vilá LM, Wallace DJ, Weisman MH, Wither JE, Bhangale T, Oksenberg JR, Rioux JD, Gregersen PK, Syvänen AC, Rönnblom L, Criswell LA, Jacob C, Sivils KL, Tsao BP, Schanberg LE, Behrens TW, Silverman ED, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Kimberly RP, Harley JB, Wakeland EK, Graham RR, Gaffney PM, Vyse TJ. Transancestral mapping and genetic load in systemic lupus erythematosus. Nat Commun. 2017 07 17; 8:16021. PMID: 28714469.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Jacob C, Yu N, Yoo DG, Perez-Zapata LJ, Barbu EA, Kaplan MJ, Purmalek M, Pingel JT, Idol RA, Dinauer MC. Haploinsufficiency of NADPH Oxidase Subunit Neutrophil Cytosolic Factor 2 Is Sufficient to Accelerate Full-Blown Lupus in NZM 2328 Mice. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2017 08; 69(8):1647-1660. PMID: 28471497.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Lessard CJ, Sajuthi S, Zhao J, Kim K, Ice JA, Li H, Ainsworth H, Rasmussen A, Kelly JA, Marion M, Bang SY, Joo YB, Choi J, Lee HS, Kang YM, Suh CH, Chung WT, Lee SK, Choe JY, Shim SC, Oh JH, Kim YJ, Han BG, Shen N, Howe HS, Wakeland EK, Li QZ, Song YW, Gaffney PM, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Criswell LA, Jacob C, Kimberly RP, Vyse TJ, Harley JB, Sivils KL, Bae SC, Langefeld CD, Tsao BP. Identification of a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Risk Locus Spanning ATG16L2, FCHSD2, and P2RY2 in Koreans. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016 05; 68(5):1197-1209. PMID: 26663301; PMCID: PMC4981330.
    7. Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Ziegler JT, Molineros J, Howard TD, Moreno-Estrada A, Sánchez-Rodríguez E, Ainsworth HC, Ortiz-Tello P, Comeau ME, Rasmussen A, Kelly JA, Adler A, Acevedo-Vázquez EM, Cucho-Venegas JM, García-De la Torre I, Cardiel MH, Miranda P, Catoggio LJ, Maradiaga-Ceceña M, Gaffney PM, Vyse TJ, Criswell LA, Tsao BP, Sivils KL, Bae SC, James JA, Kimberly RP, Kaufman KM, Harley JB, Esquivel-Valerio JA, Moctezuma JF, García MA, Berbotto GA, Babini AM, Scherbarth H, Toloza S, Baca V, Nath SK, Aguilar Salinas C, Orozco L, Tusié-Luna T, Zidovetzki R, Pons-Estel BA, Langefeld CD, Jacob C. Genome-Wide Association Study in an Amerindian Ancestry Population Reveals Novel Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Risk Loci and the Role of European Admixture. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016 Apr; 68(4):932-43. PMID: 26606652; PMCID: PMC4829354 [Available on 10/01/16].
    8. Raj P, Rai E, Song R, Khan S, Wakeland BE, Viswanathan K, Arana C, Liang C, Zhang B, Dozmorov I, Carr-Johnson F, Mitrovic M, Wiley GB, Kelly JA, Lauwerys BR, Olsen NJ, Cotsapas C, Garcia CK, Wise CA, Harley JB, Nath SK, James JA, Jacob C, Tsao BP, Pasare C, Karp DR, Li QZ, Gaffney PM, Wakeland EK. Regulatory polymorphisms modulate the expression of HLA class II molecules and promote autoimmunity. Elife. 2016 Feb 15; 5. PMID: 26880555; PMCID: PMC4811771.
    9. Deng Y, Zhao J, Sakurai D, Sestak AL, Osadchiy V, Langefeld CD, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, James JA, Petri MA, Bae SC, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Alarcón GS, Anaya JM, Criswell LA, Freedman BI, Kamen DL, Gilkeson GS, Jacob C, Merrill JT, Gaffney PM, Sivils KM, Niewold TB, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Scofield RH, Stevens AM, Boackle SA, Vilá LM, Sohn II, Lee S, Chang DM, Song YW, Vyse TJ, Harley JB, Brown EE, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Cantor RM, Hahn BH, Grossman JM, Tsao BP. Decreased SMG7 expression associates with lupus-risk variants and elevated antinuclear antibody production. Ann Rheum Dis. 2016 Nov; 75(11):2007-2013. PMID: 26783109.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Strait RT, Posgai MT, Mahler A, Barasa N, Jacob C, Köhl J, Ehlers M, Stringer K, Shanmukhappa SK, Witte D, Hossain MM, Khodoun M, Herr AB, Finkelman FD. Erratum: IgG1 protects against renal disease in a mouse model of cryoglobulinaemia. Nature. 2015 Oct 29; 526(7575):728. PMID: 26416751.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Zhao J, Wu H, Langefeld CD, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, Bae SC. Genetic associations of leptin-related polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus. Clin Immunol. 2015 Dec; 161(2):157-62. PMID: 26385092; PMCID: PMC4658308 [Available on 12/01/16].
    12. Jacob C, Yu N, Sindhava V, Cancro MP, Pawar RD, Putterman C, Stohl W. Differential Development of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in NZM 2328 Mice Deficient in Discrete Pairs of BAFF Receptors. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2015 Sep; 67(9):2523-35. PMID: 25989238.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Kubagawa H, Carroll MC, Jacob C, Lang KS, Lee KH, Mak T, McAndrews M, Morse HC, Nolan GP, Ohno H, Richter GH, Seal R, Wang JY, Wiestner A, Coligan JE. Nomenclature of Toso, Fas apoptosis inhibitory molecule 3, and IgM FcR. J Immunol. 2015 May 01; 194(9):4055-7. PMID: 25888699.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Lu X, Zoller EE, Weirauch MT, Wu Z, Namjou B, Williams AH, Ziegler JT, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Glenn SB, Adler A, Shen N, Nath SK, Stevens AM, Freedman BI, Tsao BP, Jacob C, Kamen DL, Brown EE, Gilkeson GS, Alarcón GS, Reveille JD, Anaya JM, James JA, Sivils KL, Criswell LA, Vilá LM, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Petri M, Scofield RH, Kimberly RP, Ramsey-Goldman R, Joo YB, Choi J, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Graham DC, Vyse TJ, Guthridge JM, Gaffney PM, Langefeld CD, Kelly JA, Greis KD, Kaufman KM, Harley JB, Kottyan LC. Lupus Risk Variant Increases pSTAT1 Binding and Decreases ETS1 Expression. Am J Hum Genet. 2015 May 07; 96(5):731-9. PMID: 25865496.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Armstrong DL, Eisenstein M, Zidovetzki R, Jacob C. Systemic lupus erythematosus-associated neutrophil cytosolic factor 2 mutation affects the structure of NADPH oxidase complex. J Biol Chem. 2015 May 15; 290(20):12595-602. PMID: 25795782; PMCID: PMC4432280.
    16. Vaughn SE, Foley C, Lu X, Patel ZH, Zoller EE, Magnusen AF, Williams AH, Ziegler JT, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Glenn SB, Adler A, Shen N, Nath S, Stevens AM, Freedman BI, Tsao BP, Jacob C, Kamen DL, Brown EE, Gilkeson GS, Alarcón GS, Reveille JD, Anaya JM, James JA, Moser KL, Criswell LA, Vilá LM, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Petri M, Scofield RH, Kimberly RP, Ramsey-Goldman R, Binjoo Y, Choi J, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Vyse TJ, Guthridge JM, Namjou B, Gaffney PM, Langefeld CD, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, Harley IT, Harley JB, Kottyan LC. Lupus risk variants in the PXK locus alter B-cell receptor internalization. Front Genet. 2014; 5:450. PMID: 25620976; PMCID: PMC4288052.
    17. Strait RT, Posgai MT, Mahler A, Barasa N, Jacob C, Köhl J, Ehlers M, Stringer K, Shanmukhappa SK, Witte D, Hossain MM, Khodoun M, Herr AB, Finkelman FD. IgG1 protects against renal disease in a mouse model of cryoglobulinaemia. Nature. 2015 Jan 22; 517(7535):501-4. PMID: 25363774; PMCID: PMC4342786.
    18. Kottyan LC, Zoller EE, Bene J, Lu X, Kelly JA, Rupert AM, Lessard CJ, Vaughn SE, Marion M, Weirauch MT, Namjou B, Adler A, Rasmussen A, Glenn S, Montgomery CG, Hirschfield GM, Xie G, Coltescu C, Amos C, Li H, Ice JA, Nath SK, Mariette X, Bowman S. The IRF5-TNPO3 association with systemic lupus erythematosus has two components that other autoimmune disorders variably share. Hum Mol Genet. 2015 Jan 15; 24(2):582-96. PMID: 25205108; PMCID: PMC4275071.
    19. Zhao J, Giles BM, Taylor RL, Yette GA, Lough KM, Ng HL, Abraham LJ, Wu H, Kelly JA, Glenn SB, Adler AJ, Williams AH, Comeau ME, Ziegler JT, Marion M, Alarcón-Riquelme ME. Preferential association of a functional variant in complement receptor 2 with antibodies to double-stranded DNA. Ann Rheum Dis. 2016 Jan; 75(1):242-52. PMID: 25180293; PMCID: PMC4717392.
    20. Chung SA, Brown EE, Williams AH, Ramos PS, Berthier CC, Bhangale T, Alarcon-Riquelme ME, Behrens TW, Criswell LA, Graham DC, Demirci FY, Edberg JC, Gaffney PM, Harley JB, Jacob C, Kamboh MI, Kelly JA, Manzi S, Moser-Sivils KL, Russell LP, Petri M, Tsao BP, Vyse TJ, Zidovetzki R, Kretzler M, Kimberly RP, Freedman BI, Graham RR, Langefeld CD. Lupus nephritis susceptibility loci in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2014 Dec; 25(12):2859-70. PMID: 24925725; PMCID: PMC4243339.
    21. Guthridge JM, Lu R, Sun H, Sun C, Wiley GB, Dominguez N, Macwana SR, Lessard CJ, Kim-Howard X, Cobb BL, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, Langefeld CD, Adler AJ, Harley IT, Merrill JT, Gilkeson GS, Kamen DL, Niewold TB, Brown EE, Edberg JC, Petri MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Kimberly RP, Freedman BI, Stevens AM, Boackle SA, Criswell LA, Vyse TJ, Behrens TW, Jacob C, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Sivils KL, Choi J, Joo YB, Bang SY, Lee HS, Bae SC, Shen N, Qian X, Tsao BP, Scofield RH, Harley JB, Webb CF, Wakeland EK, James JA, Nath SK, Graham RR, Gaffney PM. Two functional lupus-associated BLK promoter variants control cell-type- and developmental-stage-specific transcription. Am J Hum Genet. 2014 Apr 03; 94(4):586-98. PMID: 24702955.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Sakurai D, Zhao J, Deng Y, Kelly JA, Brown EE, Harley JB, Bae SC, Alarc?n-Riquelme ME. Preferential binding to Elk-1 by SLE-associated IL10 risk allele upregulates IL10 expression. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(10):e1003870. PMID: 24130510; PMCID: PMC3794920.
    23. Caster DJ, Korte EA, Nanda SK, McLeish KR, Oliver RK, G'sell RT, Sheehan RM, Freeman DW, Coventry SC, Kelly JA, Guthridge JM, James JA, Sivils KL, Alarcon-Riquelme ME, Scofield RH, Adrianto I, Gaffney PM, Stevens AM, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Tsao BP, Pons-Estel BA, Jacob C, Kamen DL, Gilkeson GS, Brown EE, Alarcon GS, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Martin J, Merrill JT, Harley JB, Kaufman KM, Reveille JD, Anaya JM, Criswell LA, Vila LM, Petri M, Ramsey-Goldman R, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Vyse TJ, Niewold TB, Cohen P, Powell DW. ABIN1 dysfunction as a genetic basis for lupus nephritis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 Nov; 24(11):1743-54. PMID: 23970121.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Namjou B, Kim-Howard X, Sun C, Adler A, Chung SA, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, Glenn SB, Guthridge JM, Scofield RH, Kimberly RP, Brown EE, Alarcón GS, Edberg JC, Kim JH, Choi J, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri MA, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Boackle SA, Freedman BI, Tsao BP, Langefeld CD, Vyse TJ, Jacob C, Pons-Estel B. PTPN22 association in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with respect to individual ancestry and clinical sub-phenotypes. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e69404. PMID: 23950893; PMCID: PMC3737240.
    25. Manku H, Langefeld CD, Guerra SG, Malik TH, Alarcon-Riquelme M, Anaya JM, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Brown EE, Criswell LA, Freedman BI, Gaffney PM, Gregersen PA, Guthridge JM, Han SH, Harley JB, Jacob C, James JA, Kamen DL, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, Martin J, Merrill JT, Moser KL, Niewold TB, Park SY, Pons-Estel BA, Sawalha AH, Scofield RH, Shen N, Stevens AM, Sun C, Gilkeson GS, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Nath SK, Tsao BP, Vyse TJ. Trans-ancestral studies fine map the SLE-susceptibility locus TNFSF4. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(7):e1003554. PMID: 23874208; PMCID: PMC3715547.
    26. Ramos PS, Oates JC, Kamen DL, Williams AH, Gaffney PM, Kelly JA, Kaufman KM, Kimberly RP, Niewold TB, Jacob C, Tsao BP, Alarcón GS, Brown EE, Edberg JC, Petri MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, James JA, Guthridge JM, Merrill JT, Boackle SA, Freedman BI, Scofield RH, Stevens AM, Vyse TJ, Criswell LA, Moser KL, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Langefeld CD, Harley JB, Gilkeson GS. Variable association of reactive intermediate genes with systemic lupus erythematosus in populations with different African ancestry. J Rheumatol. 2013 Jun; 40(6):842-9. PMID: 23637325; PMCID: PMC3735344.
    27. Jacob C, Yu N, Guo S, Jacob N, Quinn WJ, Sindhava V, Cancro MP, Goilav B, Putterman C, Migone TS, Stohl W. Development of systemic lupus erythematosus in NZM 2328 mice in the absence of any single BAFF receptor. Arthritis Rheum. 2013 Apr; 65(4):1043-54. PMID: 23334904; PMCID: PMC3618582.
    28. Deng Y, Zhao J, Sakurai D, Kaufman KM, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Kamen DL, Gilkeson GS, Jacob C, Scofield RH, Langefeld CD, Kelly JA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri MA, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Alarcón GS, Vyse TJ, Pons-Estel BA. MicroRNA-3148 modulates allelic expression of toll-like receptor 7 variant associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(2):e1003336. PMID: 23468661; PMCID: PMC3585142.
    29. Molineros JE, Maiti AK, Sun C, Looger LL, Han S, Kim-Howard X, Glenn S, Adler A, Kelly JA, Niewold TB, Gilkeson GS, Brown EE, Alarcón GS, Edberg JC, Petri M, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Freedman BI, Tsao BP, Criswell LA, Jacob C, Moore JH, Vyse TJ, Langefeld CL, Guthridge JM, Gaffney PM, Moser KL, Scofield RH, Alarcón-Riquelme ME. Admixture mapping in lupus identifies multiple functional variants within IFIH1 associated with apoptosis, inflammation, and autoantibody production. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(2):e1003222. PMID: 23441136; PMCID: PMC3575474.
    30. Sánchez E, Rasmussen A, Riba L, Acevedo-Vasquez E, Kelly JA, Langefeld CD, Williams AH, Ziegler JT, Comeau ME, Marion MC, García-De La Torre I, Maradiaga-Ceceña MA, Cardiel MH, Esquivel-Valerio JA, Rodriguez-Amado J, Moctezuma JF, Miranda P, Perandones CE, Castel C, Laborde HA, Alba P, Musuruana JL, Goecke IA, Anaya JM, Kaufman KM, Adler A, Glenn SB, Brown EE, Alarcón GS, Kimberly RP, Edberg JC, Vilá LM, Criswell LA, Gilkeson GS, Niewold TB, Martín J, Vyse TJ, Boackle SA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Scofield RH, Petri M, Merrill JT, Reveille JD, Tsao BP, Orozco L, Baca V, Moser KL, Gaffney PM, James JA, Harley JB, Tusié-Luna T, Pons-Estel BA, Jacob C, Alarcón-Riquelme ME. Impact of genetic ancestry and sociodemographic status on the clinical expression of systemic lupus erythematosus in American Indian-European populations. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Nov; 64(11):3687-94. PMID: 22886787; PMCID: PMC3485439.
    31. Adrianto I, Wang S, Wiley GB, Lessard CJ, Kelly JA, Adler AJ, Glenn SB, Williams AH, Ziegler JT, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Wakeland BE, Liang C, Kaufman KM, Guthridge JM, Alarcón-Riquelme ME. Association of two independent functional risk haplotypes in TNIP1 with systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Nov; 64(11):3695-705. PMID: 22833143; PMCID: PMC3485412.
    32. Kaufman KM, Zhao J, Kelly JA, Hughes T, Adler A, Sanchez E, Ojwang JO, Langefeld CD, Ziegler JT, Williams AH, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Glenn SB, Cantor RM, Grossman JM, Hahn BH, Song YW, Yu CY, James JA, Guthridge JM, Brown EE, Alarcón GS, Kimberly RP, Edberg JC, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri MA, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Anaya JM, Boackle SA, Stevens AM, Freedman BI, Criswell LA, Pons Estel BA. Fine mapping of Xq28: both MECP2 and IRAK1 contribute to risk for systemic lupus erythematosus in multiple ancestral groups. Ann Rheum Dis. 2013 Mar; 72(3):437-44. PMID: 22904263; PMCID: PMC3567234.
    33. Jacob N, Jacob C. Genetics of rheumatoid arthritis: an impressionist perspective. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2012 May; 38(2):243-57. PMID: 22819082.
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    34. Jacob C, Guo S, Jacob N, Pawar RD, Putterman C, Quinn WJ, Cancro MP, Migone TS, Stohl W. Dispensability of APRIL to the development of systemic lupus erythematosus in NZM 2328 mice. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 May; 64(5):1610-9. PMID: 22127792; PMCID: PMC3292707.
    35. Kim K, Brown EE, Choi CB, Alarcón-Riquelme ME. Variation in the ICAM1-ICAM4-ICAM5 locus is associated with systemic lupus erythematosus susceptibility in multiple ancestries. Ann Rheum Dis. 2012 Nov; 71(11):1809-14. PMID: 22523428; PMCID: PMC3466387.
    36. Lessard CJ, Adrianto I, Ice JA, Wiley GB, Kelly JA, Glenn SB, Adler AJ, Li H, Rasmussen A, Williams AH, Ziegler J, Comeau ME, Marion M, Wakeland BE, Liang C, Ramos PS, Grundahl KM, Gallant CJ, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Alarcón GS, Anaya JM, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Brown EE, Chang DM, Cho SK, Criswell LA, Edberg JC, Freedman BI, Gilkeson GS, Jacob C, James JA, Kamen DL, Kimberly RP, Kim JH, Martin J, Merrill JT, Niewold TB, Park SY, Petri MA, Pons-Estel BA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Scofield RH, Song YW, Stevens AM, Tsao BP, Vila LM, Vyse TJ, Yu CY, Guthridge JM, Kaufman KM, Harley JB, Wakeland EK, Langefeld CD, Gaffney PM, Montgomery CG, Moser KL. Identification of IRF8, TMEM39A, and IKZF3-ZPBP2 as susceptibility loci for systemic lupus erythematosus in a large-scale multiracial replication study. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Apr 06; 90(4):648-60. PMID: 22464253; PMCID: PMC3322228.
    37. Hughes T, Adler A, Kelly JA, Kaufman KM, Williams AH, Langefeld CD, Brown EE, Alarcón GS, Kimberly RP, Edberg JC, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri M, Boackle SA, Stevens AM, Reveille JD, Sanchez E, Martín J, Niewold TB, Vilá LM, Scofield RH, Gilkeson GS, Gaffney PM, Criswell LA, Moser KL, Merrill JT, Jacob C, Tsao BP, James JA, Vyse TJ, Alarcón-Riquelme ME. Evidence for gene-gene epistatic interactions among susceptibility loci for systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Feb; 64(2):485-92. PMID: 21952918; PMCID: PMC3268866.
    38. Namjou B, Choi CB, Harley IT, Alarcón-Riquelme ME. Evaluation of TRAF6 in a large multiancestral lupus cohort. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Jun; 64(6):1960-9. PMID: 22231568; PMCID: PMC3380425.
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