Loading...
Sign in to edit your profile (add interests, mentoring, photo, etc.)

    Rohit Varma, MD, MPH

    TitleDean, Keck School of Medicine of USC
    SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
    DepartmentOphthalmology
    AddressHC4 4900 1450 San Pablo Street
    Health Sciences Campus
    Los Angeles California 90033-9224
    Phone+1 323 442 6411
    vCardDownload vCard
      Other Positions
      TitleMay S. and John Hooval Dean’s Chair in Medicine

      TitleGrace and Emery Beardsley Chair in Ophthalmology

      TitleChair, USC Care Board of Directors


      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      An accomplished physician and scientist, Rohit Varma, MD, MPH is recognized worldwide as a visionary leader in the epidemiology of eye diseases. He is an expert on changes in the optic nerve in glaucoma and is also studying new imaging techniques in the early diagnosis of glaucomatous optic nerve damage. His primary research focuses on epidemiologic studies of eye disease in children and aging populations.

      Varma was appointed interim dean of the Keck School on March 25. He was officially named dean on November 9. He is the holder of the Grace and Emery Beardsley Chair in Ophthalmology at the school, and is a professor of Ophthalmology and Preventive Medicine. His most recent service to USC includes serving as the chair of the Department of Ophthalmology, director of the USC Gayle and Edward Roski Eye Institute and president of USC Care Medical Group.

      He is the principal investigator of the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study, the Chinese American Eye Study, the Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Diseases Study and the African American Eye Disease Study. More recently, Varma has been involved in the development of novel implantable intraocular pressure sensors and drainage devices. He has over 274 publications in various peer reviewed ophthalmic journals, and has co-authored two ophthalmic books.

      Varma obtained his medical degree at the University of Delhi, India. He completed his residency in ophthalmology at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, as well as earning a master of public health degree from Johns Hopkins University. He completed two glaucoma fellowships, one at the Wills Eye Hospital in Philadelphia and the other at USC.


      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Awards and Honors
      1980 - 1985National Science Talent Award
      1982Indian Council for Medical Research
      1986 - 1989Goldberg Award
      1987 - 1988Fight for Sight Post-Doctoral Award
      1988 - 1989Fight for Sight Post-Doctoral Award
      1988 - 1989Dana Foundation Award
      1988 - 1989Topcon Corporation Award
      1989Delta Omega Society Award
      1991 - 1993Topcon Corporation Award
      1993National Eye Institute Travel Award
      1994 - 1997National Eye Institute National Research Service Award
      1994 - 1995Fight for Sight Grant-in Aid Award
      1995 - 1996Knights Templar Grant Award
      1996 - 1998Beckman Young Investigators Award
      1997 - 2001Research to Prevent Blindness Career Development Award
      1997 - 2001Research to Prevent Blindness Career Development Award
      1998American Academy of Ophthalmology Honor Award
      2003Research to Prevent Blindness Sybil B. Harrington Scholar Award
      2006American Academy of Ophthalmology Achievement Award
      2009Glaucoma Research Foundation - President's Award
      2013 - 2016Pasadena Magazine Top Doctors Award
      2014AAO Secretariat Award
      2015 - 2016Best Doctors in America
      2016AAO Lifetime Achievement Award
      2017National Medical Fellowships- Innovation in Medicine Award

      Collapse ORNG Applications 
      Collapse In The News
      Collapse Tag Editor

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
      List All   |   Timeline
      1. Marouli E, Graff M, Medina-Gomez C, Lo KS, Wood AR, Kjaer TR, Fine RS, Lu Y, Schurmann C, Highland HM, Rüeger S, Thorleifsson G, Justice AE, Lamparter D, Stirrups KE, Turcot V, Young KL, Winkler TW, Esko T, Karaderi T, Locke AE, Masca NG, Ng MC, Mudgal P, Rivas MA, Vedantam S, Mahajan A, Guo X, Abecasis G, Aben KK, Adair LS, Alam DS, Albrecht E, Allin KH, Allison M, Amouyel P, Appel EV, Arveiler D, Asselbergs FW, Auer PL, Balkau B, Banas B, Bang LE, Benn M, Bergmann S, Bielak LF, Blüher M, Boeing H, Boerwinkle E, Böger CA, Bonnycastle LL, Bork-Jensen J, Bots ML, Bottinger EP, Bowden DW, Brandslund I, Breen G, Brilliant MH, Broer L, Burt AA, Butterworth AS, Carey DJ, Caulfield MJ, Chambers JC, Chasman DI, Chen YI, Chowdhury R, Christensen C, Chu AY, Cocca M, Collins FS, Cook JP, Corley J, Galbany JC, Cox AJ, Cuellar-Partida G, Danesh J, Davies G, de Bakker PI, de Borst GJ, de Denus S, de Groot MC, de Mutsert R, Deary IJ, Dedoussis G, Demerath EW, den Hollander AI, Dennis JG, Di Angelantonio E, Drenos F, Du M, Dunning AM, Easton DF, Ebeling T, Edwards TL, Ellinor PT, Elliott P, Evangelou E, Farmaki AE, Faul JD, Feitosa MF, Feng S, Ferrannini E, Ferrario MM, Ferrieres J, Florez JC, Ford I, Fornage M, Franks PW, Frikke-Schmidt R, Galesloot TE, Gan W, Gandin I, Gasparini P, Giedraitis V, Giri A, Girotto G, Gordon SD, Gordon-Larsen P, Gorski M, Grarup N, Grove ML, Gudnason V, Gustafsson S, Hansen T, Harris KM, Harris TB, Hattersley AT, Hayward C, He L, Heid IM, Heikkilä K, Helgeland Ø, Hernesniemi J, Hewitt AW, Hocking LJ, Hollensted M, Holmen OL, Hovingh GK, Howson JM, Hoyng CB, Huang PL, Hveem K, Ikram MA, Ingelsson E, Jackson AU, Jansson JH, Jarvik GP, Jensen GB, Jhun MA, Jia Y, Jiang X, Johansson S, Jørgensen ME, Jørgensen T, Jousilahti P, Jukema JW, Kahali B, Kahn RS, Kähönen M, Kamstrup PR, Kanoni S, Kaprio J, Karaleftheri M, Kardia SL, Karpe F, Kee F, Keeman R, Kiemeney LA, Kitajima H, Kluivers KB, Kocher T, Komulainen P, Kontto J, Kooner JS, Kooperberg C, Kovacs P, Kriebel J, Kuivaniemi H, Küry S, Kuusisto J, La Bianca M, Laakso M, Lakka TA, Lange EM, Lange LA, Langefeld CD, Langenberg C, Larson EB, Lee IT, Lehtimäki T, Lewis CE, Li H, Li J, Li-Gao R, Lin H, Lin LA, Lin X, Lind L, Lindström J, Linneberg A, Liu Y, Liu Y, Lophatananon A, Luan J, Lubitz SA, Lyytikäinen LP, Mackey DA, Madden PA, Manning AK, Männistö S, Marenne G, Marten J, Martin NG, Mazul AL, Meidtner K, Metspalu A, Mitchell P, Mohlke KL, Mook-Kanamori DO, Morgan A, Morris AD, Morris AP, Müller-Nurasyid M, Munroe PB, Nalls MA, Nauck M, Nelson CP, Neville M, Nielsen SF, Nikus K, Njølstad PR, Nordestgaard BG, Ntalla I, O'Connel JR, Oksa H, Loohuis LM, Ophoff RA, Owen KR, Packard CJ, Padmanabhan S, Palmer CN, Pasterkamp G, Patel AP, Pattie A, Pedersen O, Peissig PL, Peloso GM, Pennell CE, Perola M, Perry JA, Perry JR, Person TN, Pirie A, Polasek O, Posthuma D, Raitakari OT, Rasheed A, Rauramaa R, Reilly DF, Reiner AP, Renström F, Ridker PM, Rioux JD, Robertson N, Robino A, Rolandsson O, Rudan I, Ruth KS, Saleheen D, Salomaa V, Samani NJ, Sandow K, Sapkota Y, Sattar N, Schmidt MK, Schreiner PJ, Schulze MB, Scott RA, Segura-Lepe MP, Shah S, Sim X, Sivapalaratnam S, Small KS, Smith AV, Smith JA, Southam L, Spector TD, Speliotes EK, Starr JM, Steinthorsdottir V, Stringham HM, Stumvoll M, Surendran P, 't Hart LM, Tansey KE, Tardif JC, Taylor KD, Teumer A, Thompson DJ, Thorsteinsdottir U, Thuesen BH, Tönjes A, Tromp G, Trompet S, Tsafantakis E, Tuomilehto J, Tybjaerg-Hansen A, Tyrer JP, Uher R, Uitterlinden AG, Ulivi S, van der Laan SW, Van Der Leij AR, van Duijn CM, van Schoor NM, van Setten J, Varbo A, Varga TV, Varma R, Edwards DR, Vermeulen SH, Vestergaard H, Vitart V, Vogt TF, Vozzi D, Walker M, Wang F, Wang CA, Wang S, Wang Y, Wareham NJ, Warren HR, Wessel J, Willems SM, Wilson JG, Witte DR, Woods MO, Wu Y, Yaghootkar H, Yao J, Yao P, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Young R, Zeggini E, Zhan X, Zhang W, Zhao JH, Zhao W, Zhao W, Zheng H, Zhou W. Rare and low-frequency coding variants alter human adult height. Nature. 2017 Feb 09; 542(7640):186-190. PMID: 28146470.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Jiang X, Varma R, Torres M, Hsu C, McKean-Cowdin R. Self-reported Use of Eye Care among Adult Chinese Americans in the Chinese American Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2017 Feb 01. PMID: 28161048.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Nannini DR, Torres M, Chen YI, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Varma R, Gao X. A Genome-Wide Association Study of Vertical Cup-Disc Ratio in a Latino Population. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017 Jan 01; 58(1):87-95. PMID: 28061514.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Varma R, Sun J, Torres M, Wu S, Hsu C, Azen SP, McKean-Cowdin R. Prevalence of Lens Opacities in Adult Chinese Americans: The Chinese American Eye Study (CHES). Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Dec 01; 57(15):6692-6699. PMID: 27936471.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Gao X, Nannini DR, Corrao K, Torres M, Chen YI, Fan BJ, Wiggs JL. Genome-wide association study identifies WNT7B as a novel locus for central corneal thickness in Latinos. Hum Mol Genet. 2016 Nov 15; 25(22):5035-5045. PMID: 28171582.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Xu BY, Israelsen P, Pan BX, Wang D, Jiang X, Varma R. Benefit of Measuring Anterior Segment Structures Using an Increased Number of Optical Coherence Tomography Images: The Chinese American Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Nov 1; 57(14):6313-6319. PMID: 27893097.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Kimel M, Leidy NK, Tschosik E, Dolan C, Souied EH, Varma R, Bressler NM. Functional Reading Independence (FRI) Index: A New Patient-Reported Outcome Measure for Patients With Geographic Atrophy. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Nov 1; 57(14):6298-6304. PMID: 27893095.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Varma R, Torres M, McKean-Cowdin R, Rong F, Hsu C, Jiang X. Prevalence of Refractive Error in Adult Chinese Americans: The Chinese American Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2016 Oct 18. PMID: 27769895.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Varma R, Jiang X. The Role of Contextual Factors in Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Eye Care Use. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Oct 1; 134(10):1167-1168. PMID: 27560770.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Fini ME, Schwartz SG, Gao X, Jeong S, Patel N, Itakura T, Price MO, Price FW, Varma R, Stamer WD. Steroid-induced ocular hypertension/glaucoma: Focus on pharmacogenomics and implications for precision medicine. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2016 Sep 22. PMID: 27666015.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Zhang X, Dastiridou A, Francis BA, Tan O, Varma R, Greenfield DS, Schuman JS, Sehi M, Chopra V, Huang D. Baseline Fourier-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Structural Risk Factors for Visual Field Progression in the Advanced Imaging for Glaucoma Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2016 Sep 17. PMID: 27651070.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Richter GM, Zhang X, Tan O, Francis BA, Chopra V, Greenfield DS, Varma R, Schuman JS, Huang D. Regression Analysis of Optical Coherence Tomography Disc Variables for Glaucoma Diagnosis. J Glaucoma. 2016 Aug; 25(8):634-42. PMID: 26900833.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Murakami Y, Wang D, Burkemper B, Lin SC, Varma R. A Population-Based Assessment of the Agreement Between Grading of Goniophotographic Images and Gonioscopy in the Chinese-American Eye Study (CHES). Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Aug 1; 57(10):4512-6. PMID: 27571018.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Varma R, Kim JS, Burkemper BS, Wen G, Torres M, Hsu C, Choudhury F, Azen SP, McKean-Cowdin R. Prevalence and Causes of Visual Impairment and Blindness in Chinese American Adults: The Chinese American Eye Study. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Jul 1; 134(7):785-93. PMID: 27196952.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Varma R, Vajaranant TS, Burkemper B, Wu S, Torres M, Hsu C, Choudhury F, McKean-Cowdin R. Visual Impairment and Blindness in Adults in the United States: Demographic and Geographic Variations From 2015 to 2050. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Jul 1; 134(7):802-9. PMID: 27197072.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Choudhury F, Varma R, Klein R, Gauderman WJ, Azen SP, McKean-Cowdin R. Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Quality of Life in Latinos: The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Jun 1; 134(6):683-90. PMID: 27124819.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Varma R, Wen G, Jiang X, Hsu C, Torres M, Klein R, Azen SP, McKean-Cowdin R. Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Adult Chinese American Individuals: The Chinese American Eye Study. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Apr 07. PMID: 27055063.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Varma R, Choudhury F, Chen S, Wu S, Hsu C, Torres M, Klein R, Azen SP, McKean-Cowdin R. Prevalence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Chinese American Adults: The Chinese American Eye Study. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Apr 07. PMID: 27055183.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Nannini D, Torres M, Chen YD, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Varma R, Gao X. Reply. Ophthalmology. 2016 Apr; 123(4):e31-2. PMID: 27012707.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Zhang X, Francis BA, Dastiridou A, Chopra V, Tan O, Varma R, Greenfield DS, Schuman JS, Huang D. Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Analyses of Age Effects on Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer and Ganglion Cell Complex Thickness by Fourier-Domain OCT. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2016 Mar; 5(2):1. PMID: 26966637.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Bressler NM, Varma R, Mitchell P, Suñer IJ, Dolan C, Ward J, Ferreira A, Ehrlich JS, Turpcu A. Effect of Ranibizumab on the Decision to Drive and Vision Function Relevant to Driving in Patients With Diabetic Macular Edema: Report From RESTORE, RIDE, and RISE Trials. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Feb 1; 134(2):160-6. PMID: 26584450.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Zhang X, Loewen N, Tan O, Greenfield DS, Schuman JS, Varma R, Huang D. Predicting Development of Glaucomatous Visual Field Conversion Using Baseline Fourier-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography. Am J Ophthalmol. 2016 Mar; 163:29-37. PMID: 26627918.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Nannini D, Torres M, Chen YD, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Varma R, Gao X. African Ancestry Is Associated with Higher Intraocular Pressure in Latinos. Ophthalmology. 2016 Jan; 123(1):102-8. PMID: 26477841.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Varma R, Haller JA, Kaiser PK. Improvement in Patient-Reported Visual Function After Ocriplasmin for Vitreomacular Adhesion: Results of the Microplasmin for Intravitreous Injection-Traction Release Without Surgical Treatment (MIVI-TRUST) Trials. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015 Sep 1; 133(9):997-1004. PMID: 26068086.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Loewen NA, Zhang X, Tan O, Francis BA, Greenfield DS, Schuman JS, Varma R, Huang D. Combining measurements from three anatomical areas for glaucoma diagnosis using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography. Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Sep; 99(9):1224-9. PMID: 25795917.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Srinivas S, Tan O, Wu S, Nittala MG, Huang D, Varma R, Sadda SR. Measurement of retinal blood flow in normal chinese-american subjects by Doppler fourier-domain optical coherence tomography. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015; 56(3):1569-74. PMID: 25670487.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Varma R, Bressler NM, Doan QV, Danese M, Dolan CM, Lee A, Turpcu A. Visual Impairment and Blindness Avoided with Ranibizumab in Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Whites with Diabetic Macular Edema in the United States. Ophthalmology. 2015 May; 122(5):982-9. PMID: 25670501.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Wessel J, Chu AY, Willems SM, Wang S, Yaghootkar H, Brody JA, Dauriz M, Hivert MF, Raghavan S, Lipovich L, Hidalgo B, Fox K, Huffman JE, An P, Lu Y, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Grarup N, Ehm MG, Li L, Baldridge AS, Stancáková A, Abrol R, Besse C, Boland A, Bork-Jensen J, Fornage M, Freitag DF, Garcia ME, Guo X, Hara K, Isaacs A, Jakobsdottir J, Lange LA, Layton JC, Li M, Hua Zhao J, Meidtner K, Morrison AC, Nalls MA, Peters MJ, Sabater-Lleal M, Schurmann C, Silveira A, Smith AV, Southam L, Stoiber MH, Strawbridge RJ, Taylor KD, Varga TV, Allin KH, Amin N, Aponte JL, Aung T, Barbieri C, Bihlmeyer NA, Boehnke M, Bombieri C, Bowden DW, Burns SM, Chen Y, Chen YD, Cheng CY, Correa A, Czajkowski J, Dehghan A, Ehret GB, Eiriksdottir G, Escher SA, Farmaki AE, Frånberg M, Gambaro G, Giulianini F, Goddard WA, Goel A, Gottesman O, Grove ML, Gustafsson S, Hai Y, Hallmans G, Heo J, Hoffmann P, Ikram MK, Jensen RA, Jørgensen ME, Jørgensen T, Karaleftheri M, Khor CC, Kirkpatrick A, Kraja AT, Kuusisto J, Lange EM, Lee IT, Lee WJ, Leong A, Liao J, Liu C, Liu Y, Lindgren CM, Linneberg A, Malerba G, Mamakou V, Marouli E, Maruthur NM, Matchan A, McKean-Cowdin R, McLeod O, Metcalf GA, Mohlke KL, Muzny DM, Ntalla I, Palmer ND, Pasko D, Peter A, Rayner NW, Renström F, Rice K, Sala CF, Sennblad B, Serafetinidis I, Smith JA, Soranzo N, Speliotes EK, Stahl EA, Stirrups K, Tentolouris N, Thanopoulou A, Torres M, Traglia M, Tsafantakis E, Javad S, Yanek LR, Zengini E, Becker DM, Bis JC, Brown JB, Adrienne Cupples L, Hansen T, Ingelsson E, Karter AJ, Lorenzo C, Mathias RA, Norris JM, Peloso GM, Sheu WH, Toniolo D, Vaidya D, Varma R, Wagenknecht LE, Boeing H, Bottinger EP, Dedoussis G, Deloukas P, Ferrannini E, Franco OH, Franks PW, Gibbs RA, Gudnason V, Hamsten A, Harris TB, Hattersley AT, Hayward C, Hofman A, Jansson JH, Langenberg C, Launer LJ, Levy D, Oostra BA, O'Donnell CJ, O'Rahilly S, Padmanabhan S, Pankow JS, Polasek O, Province MA, Rich SS, Ridker PM, Rudan I, Schulze MB, Smith BH, Uitterlinden AG, Walker M, Watkins H, Wong TY, Zeggini E. Low-frequency and rare exome chip variants associate with fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes susceptibility. Nat Commun. 2015; 6:5897. PMID: 25631608.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Charlson ES, Sankar PS, Miller-Ellis E, Regina M, Fertig R, Salinas J, Pistilli M, Salowe RJ, Rhodes AL, Merritt WT, Chua M, Trachtman BT, Gudiseva HV, Collins DW, Chavali VR, Nichols C, Henderer J, Ying GS, Varma R, Jorgenson E, O'Brien JM. The primary open-angle african american glaucoma genetics study: baseline demographics. Ophthalmology. 2015 Apr; 122(4):711-20. PMID: 25576993.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Palmer ND, Goodarzi MO, Langefeld CD, Wang N, Guo X, Taylor KD, Fingerlin TE, Norris JM, Buchanan TA, Xiang AH, Haritunians T, Ziegler JT, Williams AH, Stefanovski D, Cui J, Mackay AW, Henkin LF, Bergman RN, Gao X, Gauderman J, Varma R, Hanis CL, Cox NJ, Highland HM, Below JE, Williams AL, Burtt NP, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Huerta-Chagoya A, Gonzalez-Villalpando C, Orozco L, Haiman CA, Tsai MY, Johnson WC, Yao J, Rasmussen-Torvik L, Pankow J, Snively B, Jackson RD, Liu S, Nadler JL, Kandeel F, Chen YD, Bowden DW, Rich SS, Raffel LJ, Rotter JI, Watanabe RM, Wagenknecht LE. Genetic Variants Associated With Quantitative Glucose Homeostasis Traits Translate to Type 2 Diabetes in Mexican Americans: The GUARDIAN (Genetics Underlying Diabetes in Hispanics) Consortium. Diabetes. 2015 May; 64(5):1853-66. PMID: 25524916.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Le PV, Zhang X, Francis BA, Varma R, Greenfield DS, Schuman JS, Loewen N, Huang D. Advanced Imaging for Glaucoma Study: Design, Baseline Characteristics, and Inter-site Comparison. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Feb; 159(2):393-403.e2. PMID: 25447111.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Varma R, Bressler NM, Doan QV, Gleeson M, Danese M, Bower JK, Selvin E, Dolan C, Fine J, Colman S, Turpcu A. Prevalence of and risk factors for diabetic macular edema in the United States. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014 Nov 1; 132(11):1334-40. PMID: 25125075.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Otilingam PG, Gatz M, Tello E, Escobar AJ, Goldstein A, Torres M, Varma R. Buenos hábitos alimenticios para una buena salud : evaluation of a nutrition education program to improve heart health and brain health in latinas. J Aging Health. 2015 Feb; 27(1):177-92. PMID: 25231884.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Kashani AH, Lopez Jaime GR, Saati S, Martin G, Varma R, Humayun MS. NONINVASIVE ASSESSMENT OF RETINAL VASCULAR OXYGEN CONTENT AMONG NORMAL AND DIABETIC HUMAN SUBJECTS: A Study Using Hyperspectral Computed Tomographic Imaging Spectroscopy. Retina. 2014 Sep; 34(9):1854-60. PMID: 24732694.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Gao X, Gauderman WJ, Marjoram P, Torres M, Chen YD, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Varma R. Native american ancestry is associated with severe diabetic retinopathy in latinos. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Sep; 55(9):6041-5. PMID: 25146985.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Bressler NM, Varma R, Suñer IJ, Dolan CM, Ward J, Ehrlich JS, Colman S, Turpcu A. Vision-Related Function after Ranibizumab Treatment for Diabetic Macular Edema: Results from RIDE and RISE. Ophthalmology. 2014 Dec; 121(12):2461-72. PMID: 25148789.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Kempen JH, Sugar EA, Varma R, Dunn JP, Heinemann MH, Jabs DA, Lyon AT, Lewis RA. Risk of Cataract among Subjects with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Free of Ocular Opportunistic Infections. Ophthalmology. 2014 Dec; 121(12):2317-24. PMID: 25109932.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Bressler NM, Varma R, Doan Q. Vulnerable Populations in the Underuse of the US Health Care System by Persons With Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetic Macular Edema-Reply. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014 Aug 1; 132(8):1030-1. PMID: 25124956.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Gutiérrez-Hernández JC, Caffey S, Abdallah W, Calvillo P, González R, Shih J, Brennan J, Zimmerman J, Martínez-Camarillo JC, Rodriguez AR, Varma R, Santos A, Sánchez G, Humayun M. One-Year Feasibility Study of Replenish MicroPump for Intravitreal Drug Delivery: A Pilot Study. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2014 May; 3(4):8. PMID: 25774328.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Xie JZ, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Lin J, Cotter SA, Torres M, Varma R. Color vision deficiency in preschool children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2014 Jul; 121(7):1469-74. PMID: 24702753.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Wang M, Lu AT, Varma R, Schuman JS, Greenfield DS, Huang D. Combining information from 3 anatomic regions in the diagnosis of glaucoma with time-domain optical coherence tomography. J Glaucoma. 2014 Mar; 23(3):129-35. PMID: 22828002.
        View in: PubMed
      42. Bressler NM, Varma R, Doan QV, Gleeson M, Danese M, Bower JK, Selvin E, Dolan C, Fine J, Colman S, Turpcu A. Underuse of the health care system by persons with diabetes mellitus and diabetic macular edema in the United States. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014 Feb 1; 132(2):168-73. PMID: 24357541.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Varma R, Hsu C, Wang D, Torres M, Azen SP. The chinese american eye study: design and methods. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2013 Dec; 20(6):335-47. PMID: 24044409.
        View in: PubMed
      44. He M, Abdou A, Ellwein LB, Naidoo KS, Sapkota YD, Thulasiraj RD, Varma R, Zhao J, Kocur I, Congdon NG. Age-related Prevalence and Met Need for Correctable and Uncorrectable Near Vision Impairment in a Multi-country Study. Ophthalmology. 2014 Jan; 121(1):417-22. PMID: 23993359.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Wen G, Tarczy-Hornoch K, McKean-Cowdin R, Cotter SA, Borchert M, Lin J, Kim J, Varma R. Prevalence of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism in non-Hispanic white and Asian children: multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2013 Oct; 120(10):2109-16. PMID: 23953098.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Varma R. Author reply: To PMID 22771048. Ophthalmology. 2013 Jul; 120(7):e45. PMID: 23823521.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Suñer IJ, Bressler NM, Varma R, Lee P, Dolan CM, Ward J, Colman S, Rubio RG. Reading speed improvements in retinal vein occlusion after ranibizumab treatment. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013 Jul; 131(7):851-6. PMID: 23699977.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Le PV, Tan O, Chopra V, Francis BA, Ragab O, Varma R, Huang D. Regional correlation among ganglion cell complex, nerve fiber layer, and visual field loss in glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Jun; 54(6):4287-95. PMID: 23716631.
        View in: PubMed
      49. McKean-Cowdin R, Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Wen G, Kim J, Borchert M, Varma R. Prevalence of amblyopia or strabismus in asian and non-Hispanic white preschool children: multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2013 Oct; 120(10):2117-24. PMID: 23697956.
        View in: PubMed
      50. Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Borchert M, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin J, Wen G, Kim J, Varma R. Prevalence and causes of visual impairment in Asian and non-Hispanic white preschool children: Multi-ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Ophthalmology. 2013 Jun; 120(6):1220-6. PMID: 23561327.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Gao X, Gauderman WJ, Liu Y, Marjoram P, Torres M, Haritunians T, Kuo JZ, Chen YD, Allingham RR, Hauser MA, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Varma R. A genome-wide association study of central corneal thickness in Latinos. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Apr; 54(4):2435-43. PMID: 23493294.
        View in: PubMed
      52. Varma R, McKean-Cowdin R, Vitale S, Slotkin J, Hays RD. Vision assessment using the NIH Toolbox. Neurology. 2013 Mar 12; 80(11 Suppl 3):S37-40. PMID: 23479542.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Paz SH, Slotkin J, McKean-Cowdin R, Lee P, Owsley C, Vitale S, Varma R, Gershon R, Hays RD. Development of a vision-targeted health-related quality of life item measure. Qual Life Res. 2013 Nov; 22(9):2477-87. PMID: 23475688.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Sehi M, Zhang X, Greenfield DS, Chung Y, Wollstein G, Francis BA, Schuman JS, Varma R, Huang D. Retinal nerve fiber layer atrophy is associated with visual field loss over time in glaucoma suspect and glaucomatous eyes. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013 Jan; 155(1):73-82.e1. PMID: 23036570.
        View in: PubMed
      55. Bressler NM, Chang TS, Varma R, Suñer I, Lee P, Dolan CM, Ward J, Ianchulev T, Fine J. Driving ability reported by neovascular age-related macular degeneration patients after treatment with ranibizumab. Ophthalmology. 2013 Jan; 120(1):160-8. PMID: 23009891.
        View in: PubMed
      56. Kymes S, Varma R, Coleman AL. The economics of the initial preventive physical examination in medicare. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012 Sep 1; 130(9):1232-4. PMID: 22965617.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Huang D, Chopra V, Lu AT, Tan O, Francis B, Varma R. Does optic nerve head size variation affect circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurement by optical coherence tomography? Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012; 53(8):4990-7. PMID: 22743319.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Varma R, Bressler NM, Suñer I, Lee P, Dolan CM, Ward J, Colman S, Rubio RG. Improved Vision-Related Function after Ranibizumab for Macular Edema after Retinal Vein Occlusion: Results from the BRAVO and CRUISE Trials. Ophthalmology. 2012 Oct; 119(10):2108-18. PMID: 22817833.
        View in: PubMed
      59. Jiang X, Varma R, Wu S, Torres M, Azen SP, Francis BA, Chopra V, Nguyen BB. Baseline risk factors that predict the development of open-angle glaucoma in a population: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2012 Nov; 119(11):2245-53. PMID: 22796305.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Zheng L, Teng EL, Varma R, Mack WJ, Mungas D, Lu PH, Chui HC. Chinese-language montreal cognitive assessment for cantonese or mandarin speakers: age, education, and gender effects. Int J Alzheimers Dis. 2012; 2012:204623. PMID: 22830073.
        View in: PubMed
      61. Richter GM, Choudhury F, Torres M, Azen SP, Varma R. Risk factors for incident cortical, nuclear, posterior subcapsular, and mixed lens opacities: the los angeles latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2012 Oct; 119(10):2040-7. PMID: 22771048.
        View in: PubMed
      62. Gao X, Haritunians T, Marjoram P, McKean-Cowdin R, Torres M, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Gauderman WJ, Varma R. Genotype Imputation for Latinos Using the HapMap and 1000 Genomes Project Reference Panels. Front Genet. 2012; 3:117. PMID: 22754564.
        View in: PubMed
      63. Gatto NM, Varma R, Torres M, Wong TY, Johnson PL, Segal-Gidan F, Mack WJ. Retinal microvascular abnormalities and cognitive function in latino adults in los angeles. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2012 Jun; 19(3):127-36. PMID: 22568425.
        View in: PubMed
      64. Hwang JC, Konduru R, Zhang X, Tan O, Francis BA, Varma R, Sehi M, Greenfield DS, Sadda SR, Huang D. Relationship among Visual Field, Blood Flow, and Neural Structure Measurements in Glaucoma. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012; 53(6):3020-6. PMID: 22447865.
        View in: PubMed
      65. Vajaranant TS, Wu S, Torres M, Varma R. A 40-year forecast of the demographic shift in primary open-angle glaucoma in the United States. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012; 53(5):2464-6. PMID: 22562841.
        View in: PubMed
      66. Vajaranant TS, Wu S, Torres M, Varma R. The changing face of primary open-angle glaucoma in the United States: demographic and geographic changes from 2011 to 2050. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Aug; 154(2):303-314.e3. PMID: 22541661.
        View in: PubMed
      67. Varma R, Wang D, Wu C, Francis BA, Nguyen BB, Chopra V, Memarzadeh F, Torres M, Azen SP. Four-year incidence of open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension: the los angeles latino eye study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Aug; 154(2):315-325.e1. PMID: 22541649.
        View in: PubMed
      68. Patty L, Wu C, Torres M, Azen S, Varma R. Validity of Self-reported Eye Disease and Treatment in a Population-based Study: The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2012 Sep; 119(9):1725-30. PMID: 22537615.
        View in: PubMed
      69. He M, Abdou A, Naidoo KS, Sapkota YD, Thulasiraj RD, Varma R, Zhao J, Ellwein LB. Prevalence and correction of near vision impairment at seven sites in china, India, Nepal, niger, South Africa, and the United States. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jul; 154(1):107-116.e1. PMID: 22534109.
        View in: PubMed
      70. Rine RM, Roberts D, Corbin BA, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Beaumont J, Slotkin J, Schubert MC. New portable tool to screen vestibular and visual function-National Institutes of Health Toolbox initiative. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012 Apr; 49(2):209-20. PMID: 22773523.
        View in: PubMed
      71. Pai AS, Rose KA, Samarawickrama C, Fotedar R, Burlutsky G, Varma R, Mitchell P. Testability of refraction, stereopsis, and other ocular measures in preschool children: The Sydney Paediatric Eye Disease Study. J AAPOS. 2012 Apr; 16(2):185-92. PMID: 22525178.
        View in: PubMed
      72. Chabi A, Varma R, Tsai JC, Lupinacci R, Pigeon J, Baranak C, Noble L, Lines C, Ho TW. Randomized Clinical Trial of the Efficacy and Safety of Preservative-free Tafluprost and Timolol in Patients With Open-Angle Glaucoma or Ocular Hypertension. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jun; 153(6):1187-96. PMID: 22310086.
        View in: PubMed
      73. Yau JW, Rogers SL, Kawasaki R, Lamoureux EL, Kowalski JW, Bek T, Chen SJ, Dekker JM, Fletcher A, Grauslund J, Haffner S, Hamman RF, Ikram MK, Kayama T, Klein BE, Klein R, Krishnaiah S, Mayurasakorn K, O'Hare JP, Orchard TJ, Porta M, Rema M, Roy MS, Sharma T, Shaw J, Taylor H, Tielsch JM, Varma R, Wang JJ, Wang N, West S, Xu L, Yasuda M, Zhang X, Mitchell P, Wong TY. Global prevalence and major risk factors of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes Care. 2012 Mar; 35(3):556-64. PMID: 22301125.
        View in: PubMed
      74. Richter GM, Torres M, Choudhury F, Azen SP, Varma R. Risk factors for cortical, nuclear, posterior subcapsular, and mixed lens opacities: the los angeles latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2012 Mar; 119(3):547-54. PMID: 22197433.
        View in: PubMed
      75. Pai AS, Rose KA, Leone JF, Sharbini S, Burlutsky G, Varma R, Wong TY, Mitchell P. Amblyopia prevalence and risk factors in Australian preschool children. Ophthalmology. 2012 Jan; 119(1):138-44. PMID: 21963268.
        View in: PubMed
      76. Varma R, Lee PP, Goldberg I, Kotak S. An assessment of the health and economic burdens of glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011 Oct; 152(4):515-22. PMID: 21961848.
        View in: PubMed
      77. Girkin CA, McGwin G, Sinai MJ, Sekhar GC, Fingeret M, Wollstein G, Varma R, Greenfield D, Liebmann J, Araie M, Tomita G, Maeda N, Garway-Heath DF. Variation in optic nerve and macular structure with age and race with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology. 2011 Dec; 118(12):2403-8. PMID: 21907415.
        View in: PubMed
      78. Caprioli J, Varma R. Intraocular pressure: modulation as treatment for glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011 Sep; 152(3):340-344.e2. PMID: 21855671.
        View in: PubMed
      79. Borchert MS, Varma R, Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin JH, Wen G, Azen SP, Torres M, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors for hyperopia and myopia in preschool children the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Oct; 118(10):1966-73. PMID: 21856013.
        View in: PubMed
      80. Cotter SA, Varma R, Tarczy-Hornoch K, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin J, Wen G, Wei J, Borchert M, Azen SP, Torres M, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors associated with childhood strabismus: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Nov; 118(11):2251-61. PMID: 21856012.
        View in: PubMed
      81. Tarczy-Hornoch K, Varma R, Cotter SA, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin JH, Borchert MS, Torres M, Wen G, Azen SP, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors for decreased visual acuity in preschool children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Nov; 118(11):2262-73. PMID: 21856014.
        View in: PubMed
      82. McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Borchert MS, Lin JH, Wen G, Azen SP, Torres M, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors for astigmatism in preschool children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Oct; 118(10):1974-81. PMID: 21856010.
        View in: PubMed
      83. Francis BA, Varma R, Vigen C, Lai MY, Winarko J, Nguyen B, Azen S. Population and high-risk group screening for glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Aug; 52(9):6257-64. PMID: 21245400.
        View in: PubMed
      84. Yonekawa Y, Varma R, Choudhury F, Torres M, Azen SP. Risk factors for four-year incident visual impairment and blindness: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Sep; 118(9):1790-7. PMID: 21788079.
        View in: PubMed
      85. Choudhury F, Varma R, McKean-Cowdin R, Klein R, Azen SP. Risk factors for four-year incidence and progression of age-related macular degeneration: the los angeles latino eye study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011 Sep; 152(3):385-95. PMID: 21679916.
        View in: PubMed
      86. Bressler NM, Doan QV, Varma R, Lee PP, Suñer IJ, Dolan C, Danese MD, Yu E, Tran I, Colman S. Estimated cases of legal blindness and visual impairment avoided using ranibizumab for choroidal neovascularization: non-Hispanic white population in the United States with age-related macular degeneration. Arch Ophthalmol. 2011 Jun; 129(6):709-17. PMID: 21670337.
        View in: PubMed
      87. Musch DC, Gillespie BW, Niziol LM, Lichter PR, Varma R. Intraocular pressure control and long-term visual field loss in the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Sep; 118(9):1766-73. PMID: 21600658.
        View in: PubMed
      88. Pai AS, Wang JJ, Samarawickrama C, Burlutsky G, Rose KA, Varma R, Wong TY, Mitchell P. Prevalence and risk factors for visual impairment in preschool children the sydney paediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Aug; 118(8):1495-500. PMID: 21529955.
        View in: PubMed
      89. Patino CM, Varma R, Azen SP, Conti DV, Nichol MB, McKean-Cowdin R. The impact of change in visual field on health-related quality of life the los angeles latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Jul; 118(7):1310-7. PMID: 21458074.
        View in: PubMed
      90. Li LJ, Cheung CY, Liu Y, Chia A, Selvaraj P, Lin XY, Chan YM, Varma R, Mitchell P, Wong TY, Saw SM. Influence of blood pressure on retinal vascular caliber in young children. Ophthalmology. 2011 Jul; 118(7):1459-65. PMID: 21444115.
        View in: PubMed
      91. Feuer WJ, Budenz DL, Anderson DR, Cantor L, Greenfield DS, Savell J, Schuman JS, Varma R. Topographic differences in the age-related changes in the retinal nerve fiber layer of normal eyes measured by Stratus optical coherence tomography. J Glaucoma. 2011 Mar; 20(3):133-8. PMID: 20577113.
        View in: PubMed
      92. Wang Y, Fawzi AA, Varma R, Sadun AA, Zhang X, Tan O, Izatt JA, Huang D. Pilot study of optical coherence tomography measurement of retinal blood flow in retinal and optic nerve diseases. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Feb; 52(2):840-5. PMID: 21051715.
        View in: PubMed
      93. Fozailoff A, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter S, Wen G, Lin J, Borchert M, Azen S, Varma R. Prevalence of astigmatism in 6- to 72-month-old African American and Hispanic children: the Multi-ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Feb; 118(2):284-93. PMID: 20888047.
        View in: PubMed
      94. Pan Y, Varma R. Natural history of glaucoma. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2011 Jan; 59 Suppl:S19-23. PMID: 21150029.
        View in: PubMed
      95. Varma R, Richman EA, Ferris FL, Bressler NM. Use of patient-reported outcomes in medical product development: a report from the 2009 NEI/FDA Clinical Trial Endpoints Symposium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Dec; 51(12):6095-103. PMID: 21123768.
        View in: PubMed
      96. Mazhar K, Varma R, Choudhury F, McKean-Cowdin R, Shtir CJ, Azen SP. Severity of diabetic retinopathy and health-related quality of life: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Apr; 118(4):649-55. PMID: 21035872.
        View in: PubMed
      97. Wen G, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Borchert M, Azen S. General health-related quality of life in preschool children with strabismus or amblyopia. Ophthalmology. 2011 Mar; 118(3):574-80. PMID: 20884059.
        View in: PubMed
      98. McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Hays RD, Wu J, Choudhury F, Azen SP. Longitudinal changes in visual acuity and health-related quality of life: the Los Angeles Latino Eye study. Ophthalmology. 2010 Oct; 117(10):1900-7, 1907.e1. PMID: 20570364.
        View in: PubMed
      99. Kuzin AA, Varma R, Reddy HS, Torres M, Azen SP. Ocular biometry and open-angle glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2010 Sep; 117(9):1713-9. PMID: 20570359.
        View in: PubMed
      100. Marsh BC, Cantor LB, WuDunn D, Hoop J, Lipyanik J, Patella VM, Budenz DL, Greenfield DS, Savell J, Schuman JS, Varma R. Optic nerve head (ONH) topographic analysis by stratus OCT in normal subjects: correlation to disc size, age, and ethnicity. J Glaucoma. 2010 Jun-Jul; 19(5):310-8. PMID: 19855299.
        View in: PubMed
      101. Varma R, Chung J, Foong AW, Torres M, Choudhury F, Azen SP. Four-year incidence and progression of visual impairment in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):713-27. PMID: 20399925.
        View in: PubMed
      102. Varma R, Foong AW, Lai MY, Choudhury F, Klein R, Azen SP. Four-year incidence and progression of age-related macular degeneration: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):741-51. PMID: 20399926.
        View in: PubMed
      103. Chia A, Dirani M, Chan YH, Gazzard G, Au Eong KG, Selvaraj P, Ling Y, Quah BL, Young TL, Mitchell P, Varma R, Wong TY, Saw SM. Prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in young singaporean chinese children. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jul; 51(7):3411-7. PMID: 20207979.
        View in: PubMed
      104. Saati S, Lo R, Li PY, Meng E, Varma R, Humayun MS. Mini drug pump for ophthalmic use. Curr Eye Res. 2010 Mar; 35(3):192-201. PMID: 20373877.
        View in: PubMed
      105. Kim E, Varma R. Glaucoma in Latinos/Hispanics. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2010 Mar; 21(2):100-5. PMID: 20040873.
        View in: PubMed
      106. Varma R, Richter GM, Torres M, Foong AW, Choudhury F, Azen SP. Four-year incidence and progression of lens opacities: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):728-34.e1-2. PMID: 20181327.
        View in: PubMed
      107. Varma R, Choudhury F, Klein R, Chung J, Torres M, Azen SP. Four-year incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy and macular edema: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):752-61.e1-3. PMID: 20149342.
        View in: PubMed
      108. Segal-Gidan F, Varma R, Salazar X, Mack WJ. Factors influencing driving status in an older Latino population. J Aging Health. 2010 Apr; 22(3):332-47. PMID: 20142628.
        View in: PubMed
      109. Fraser-Bell S, Choudhury F, Klein R, Azen S, Varma R. Ocular risk factors for age-related macular degeneration: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010 May; 149(5):735-40. PMID: 20138605.
        View in: PubMed
      110. Morales LS, Varma R, Paz SH, Lai MY, Mazhar K, Andersen RM, Azen SP. Self-reported use of eye care among Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2010 Feb; 117(2):207-15.e1. PMID: 20018380.
        View in: PubMed
      111. Memarzadeh F, Ying-Lai M, Chung J, Azen SP, Varma R. Blood pressure, perfusion pressure, and open-angle glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jun; 51(6):2872-7. PMID: 20089880.
        View in: PubMed
      112. Patino CM, McKean-Cowdin R, Azen SP, Allison JC, Choudhury F, Varma R. Central and peripheral visual impairment and the risk of falls and falls with injury. Ophthalmology. 2010 Feb; 117(2):199-206.e1. PMID: 20031225.
        View in: PubMed
      113. Saati S, Lo R, Li PY, Meng E, Varma R, Humayun MS. Mini drug pump for ophthalmic use. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2009 Dec; 107:60-70. PMID: 20126483.
        View in: PubMed
      114. Dirani M, Chan YH, Gazzard G, Hornbeak DM, Leo SW, Selvaraj P, Zhou B, Young TL, Mitchell P, Varma R, Wong TY, Saw SM. Prevalence of refractive error in Singaporean Chinese children: the strabismus, amblyopia, and refractive error in young Singaporean Children (STARS) study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Mar; 51(3):1348-55. PMID: 19933197.
        View in: PubMed
      115. Shtir CJ, Marjoram P, Azen S, Conti DV, Le Marchand L, Haiman CA, Varma R. Variation in genetic admixture and population structure among Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino eye study (LALES). BMC Genet. 2009; 10:71. PMID: 19903357.
        View in: PubMed
      116. Borchert M, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Liu N, Azen SP, Varma R. Anisometropia in Hispanic and african american infants and young children the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2010 Jan; 117(1):148-153.e1. PMID: 19818509.
        View in: PubMed
      117. Richter GM, Chung J, Azen SP, Varma R. Prevalence of visually significant cataract and factors associated with unmet need for cataract surgery: Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2009 Dec; 116(12):2327-35. PMID: 19815276.
        View in: PubMed
      118. Tan O, Chopra V, Lu AT, Schuman JS, Ishikawa H, Wollstein G, Varma R, Huang D. Detection of macular ganglion cell loss in glaucoma by Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology. 2009 Dec; 116(12):2305-14.e1-2. PMID: 19744726.
        View in: PubMed
      119. Varma R, Hwang LJ, Grunden JW, Bean GW. Using diurnal intraocular pressure fluctuation to assess the efficacy of fixed-combination latanoprost/timolol versus latanoprost or timolol monotherapy. Br J Ophthalmol. 2010 Jan; 94(1):80-4. PMID: 19692375.
        View in: PubMed
      120. Pan Y, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Wen G, Borchert MS, Azen SP, Varma R. Visual acuity norms in pre-school children: the Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Jun; 86(6):607-12. PMID: 19430325.
        View in: PubMed
      121. Varma R, Hwang LJ, Grunden JW, Bean GW, Sultan MB. Assessing the efficacy of latanoprost vs timolol using an alternate efficacy parameter: the intervisit intraocular pressure range. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Aug; 148(2):221-6. PMID: 19427617.
        View in: PubMed
      122. Trager MJ, Dirani M, Fan Q, Gazzard G, Selvaraj P, Chia A, Wong TY, Young TL, Varma R, Saw SM. Testability of vision and refraction in preschoolers: the strabismus, amblyopia, and refractive error study in singaporean children. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Aug; 148(2):235-241.e6. PMID: 19426960.
        View in: PubMed
      123. Memarzadeh F, Varma R, Lin LT, Parikh JG, Dustin L, Alcaraz A, Eliott D. Postoperative use of bevacizumab as an antifibrotic agent in glaucoma filtration surgery in the rabbit. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Jul; 50(7):3233-7. PMID: 19182254.
        View in: PubMed
      124. Varma R. From a population to patients: the Wisconsin epidemiologic study of diabetic retinopathy. Ophthalmology. 2008 Nov; 115(11):1857-8. PMID: 19068373.
        View in: PubMed
      125. Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Song E, Lin J, Borchert M, Azen SP, Varma R. Fixation preference and visual acuity testing in a population-based cohort of preschool children with amblyopia risk factors. Ophthalmology. 2009 Jan; 116(1):145-53. PMID: 18962921.
        View in: PubMed
      126. Francis BA, Varma R, Chopra V, Lai MY, Shtir C, Azen SP. Intraocular pressure, central corneal thickness, and prevalence of open-angle glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Nov; 146(5):741-6. PMID: 18672218.
        View in: PubMed
      127. Sanossian N, Wu J, Azen SP, Varma R. Prevalence and risk factors for cerebrovascular disease in community-dwelling Latinos. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2008 Dec; 110(10):985-7. PMID: 18657897.
        View in: PubMed
      128. Lu AT, Wang M, Varma R, Schuman JS, Greenfield DS, Smith SD, Huang D. Combining nerve fiber layer parameters to optimize glaucoma diagnosis with optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology. 2008 Aug; 115(8):1352-7, 1357.e1-2. PMID: 18514318.
        View in: PubMed
      129. Memarzadeh F, Ying-Lai M, Azen SP, Varma R. Associations with intraocular pressure in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Jul; 146(1):69-76. PMID: 18486096.
        View in: PubMed
      130. Varma R, Mohanty SA, Deneen J, Wu J, Azen SP. Burden and predictors of undetected eye disease in Mexican-Americans: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Med Care. 2008 May; 46(5):497-506. PMID: 18438198.
        View in: PubMed
      131. Varma R, Wang MY, Ying-Lai M, Donofrio J, Azen SP. The prevalence and risk indicators of uncorrected refractive error and unmet refractive need in Latinos: the Los AngelesLatino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Dec; 49(12):5264-73. PMID: 18441303.
        View in: PubMed
      132. Tarczy-Hornoch K, Lin J, Deneen J, Cotter SA, Azen SP, Borchert MS, Wang Y, Varma R. Stereoacuity testability in African-American and Hispanic pre-school children. Optom Vis Sci. 2008 Mar; 85(3):158-63. PMID: 18317330.
        View in: PubMed
      133. Fraser-Bell S, Wu J, Klein R, Azen SP, Hooper C, Foong AW, Varma R. Cardiovascular risk factors and age-related macular degeneration: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Feb; 145(2):308-16. PMID: 18222193.
        View in: PubMed
      134. Varma R, Peeples P, Walt JG, Bramley TJ. Disease progression and the need for neuroprotection in glaucoma management. Am J Manag Care. 2008 Feb; 14(1 Suppl):S15-9. PMID: 18284311.
        View in: PubMed
      135. Varma R, Hwang LJ, Grunden JW, Bean GW. Inter-visit intraocular pressure range: an alternative parameter for assessing intraocular pressure control in clinical trials. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Feb; 145(2):336-42. PMID: 18222194.
        View in: PubMed
      136. Broman AT, Quigley HA, West SK, Katz J, Munoz B, Bandeen-Roche K, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Crowston J, Taylor HR, Varma R, Leske MC, Bengtsson B, Heijl A, He M, Foster PJ. Estimating the rate of progressive visual field damage in those with open-angle glaucoma, from cross-sectional data. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Jan; 49(1):66-76. PMID: 18172076.
        View in: PubMed
      137. Borchert M, Wang Y, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter S, Deneen J, Azen S, Varma R. Testability of the Retinomax autorefractor and IOLMaster in preschool children: the Multi-ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 Aug; 115(8):1422-5, 1425.e1. PMID: 18164067.
        View in: PubMed
      138. McKean-Cowdin R, Wang Y, Wu J, Azen SP, Varma R. Impact of visual field loss on health-related quality of life in glaucoma: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 Jun; 115(6):941-948.e1. PMID: 17997485.
        View in: PubMed
      139. Hoki SL, Varma R, Lai MY, Azen SP, Klein R. Prevalence and associations of asymptomatic retinal emboli in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study (LALES). Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Jan; 145(1):143-8. PMID: 17981255.
        View in: PubMed
      140. Tan O, Li G, Lu AT, Varma R, Huang D. Mapping of macular substructures with optical coherence tomography for glaucoma diagnosis. Ophthalmology. 2008 Jun; 115(6):949-56. PMID: 17981334.
        View in: PubMed
      141. Ip JM, Huynh SC, Kifley A, Rose KA, Morgan IG, Varma R, Mitchell P. Variation of the contribution from axial length and other oculometric parameters to refraction by age and ethnicity. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Oct; 48(10):4846-53. PMID: 17898312.
        View in: PubMed
      142. Doshi V, Ying-Lai M, Azen SP, Varma R. Sociodemographic, family history, and lifestyle risk factors for open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 Apr; 115(4):639-647.e2. PMID: 17900693.
        View in: PubMed
      143. Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Wang Y, Azen SP, Dilauro A, Borchert M, Varma R. Visual acuity testability in African-American and Hispanic children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Nov; 144(5):663-7. PMID: 17868633.
        View in: PubMed
      144. Barañano AE, Wu J, Mazhar K, Azen SP, Varma R. Visual acuity outcomes after cataract extraction in adult latinos. The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 May; 115(5):815-21. PMID: 17826836.
        View in: PubMed
      145. Chao JR, Lai MY, Azen SP, Klein R, Varma R. Retinopathy in persons without diabetes: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Sep; 48(9):4019-25. PMID: 17724182.
        View in: PubMed
      146. Chopra V, Varma R, Francis BA, Wu J, Torres M, Azen SP. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and the risk of open-angle glaucoma the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 Feb; 115(2):227-232.e1. PMID: 17716734.
        View in: PubMed
      147. McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Wu J, Hays RD, Azen SP. Severity of visual field loss and health-related quality of life. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Jun; 143(6):1013-23. PMID: 17399676.
        View in: PubMed
      148. Wu Z, Vazeen M, Varma R, Chopra V, Walsh AC, LaBree LD, Sadda SR. Factors associated with variability in retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements obtained by optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology. 2007 Aug; 114(8):1505-12. PMID: 17367862.
        View in: PubMed
      149. Varma R, Macias GL, Torres M, Klein R, Peña FY, Azen SP. Biologic risk factors associated with diabetic retinopathy: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jul; 114(7):1332-40. PMID: 17306879.
        View in: PubMed
      150. Budenz DL, Anderson DR, Varma R, Schuman J, Cantor L, Savell J, Greenfield DS, Patella VM, Quigley HA, Tielsch J. Determinants of normal retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measured by Stratus OCT. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jun; 114(6):1046-52. PMID: 17210181.
        View in: PubMed
      151. Tedeschi-Blok N, Buckley J, Varma R, Triche TJ, Hinton DR. Population-based study of early age-related macular degeneration: role of the complement factor H Y402H polymorphism in bilateral but not unilateral disease. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jan; 114(1):99-103. PMID: 17198853.
        View in: PubMed
      152. Memarzadeh F, Li Y, Chopra V, Varma R, Francis BA, Huang D. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography for imaging the anterior chamber after laser peripheral iridotomy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 May; 143(5):877-9. PMID: 17452177.
        View in: PubMed
      153. Francis BA, Hsieh A, Lai MY, Chopra V, Pena F, Azen S, Varma R. Effects of corneal thickness, corneal curvature, and intraocular pressure level on Goldmann applanation tonometry and dynamic contour tonometry. Ophthalmology. 2007 Jan; 114(1):20-6. PMID: 17070592.
        View in: PubMed
      154. Cotter SA, Varma R, Ying-Lai M, Azen SP, Klein R. Causes of low vision and blindness in adult Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2006 Sep; 113(9):1574-82. PMID: 16949442.
        View in: PubMed
      155. Varma R, Wu J, Chong K, Azen SP, Hays RD. Impact of severity and bilaterality of visual impairment on health-related quality of life. Ophthalmology. 2006 Oct; 113(10):1846-53. PMID: 16889831.
        View in: PubMed
      156. Varma R, Deneen J, Cotter S, Paz SH, Azen SP, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Zhao P. The multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study: design and methods. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2006 Aug; 13(4):253-62. PMID: 16877284.
        View in: PubMed
      157. Paz SH, Varma R, Klein R, Wu J, Azen SP. Noncompliance with vision care guidelines in Latinos with type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2006 Aug; 113(8):1372-7. PMID: 16769120.
        View in: PubMed
      158. Sadda SR, Tan O, Walsh AC, Schuman JS, Varma R, Huang D. Automated detection of clinically significant macular edema by grid scanning optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology. 2006 Jul; 113(7):1187.e1-12. PMID: 16647123.
        View in: PubMed
      159. Tarczy-Hornoch K, Ying-Lai M, Varma R. Myopic refractive error in adult Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 May; 47(5):1845-52. PMID: 16638990.
        View in: PubMed
      160. Varma R. Diabetic retinopathy: challenges and future directions. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Mar; 141(3):539-41. PMID: 16490503.
        View in: PubMed
      161. Torres M, Azen S, Varma R. Prevalence of obesity and associated co-morbid conditions in a population-based sample of primarily urban Mexican Americans. Ethn Dis. 2006; 16(2):362-9. PMID: 17682236.
        View in: PubMed
      162. Fraser-Bell S, Wu J, Klein R, Azen SP, Varma R. Smoking, alcohol intake, estrogen use, and age-related macular degeneration in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Jan; 141(1):79-87. PMID: 16386980.
        View in: PubMed
      163. Varma R, Winarko J, Kiat-Winarko T, Winarko B. Concentration of latanoprost ophthalmic solution after 4 to 6 weeks' use in an eye clinic setting. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Jan; 47(1):222-5. PMID: 16384966.
        View in: PubMed
      164. Shufelt C, Fraser-Bell S, Ying-Lai M, Torres M, Varma R. Refractive error, ocular biometry, and lens opalescence in an adult population: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2005 Dec; 46(12):4450-60. PMID: 16303933.
        View in: PubMed
      165. Mack WJ, Teng E, Zheng L, Paz S, Chui H, Varma R. Category fluency in a latino sample: associations with age, education, gender, and language. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2005 Jul; 27(5):591-8. PMID: 16019635.
        View in: PubMed
      166. Globe DR, Varma R, Torres M, Wu J, Klein R, Azen SP. Self-reported comorbidities and visual function in a population-based study: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Jun; 123(6):815-21. PMID: 15955983.
        View in: PubMed
      167. Rolim de Moura C, Fraser-Bell S, Stout A, Labree L, Nilfors M, Varma R. Experience with the baerveldt glaucoma implant in the management of pediatric glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005 May; 139(5):847-54. PMID: 15860290.
        View in: PubMed
      168. Jonas J, Heatley G, Spaide R, Varma R. Intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide and secondary ocular hypertension. J Glaucoma. 2005 Apr; 14(2):168-71. PMID: 15741821.
        View in: PubMed
      169. Fraser-Bell S, Donofrio J, Wu J, Klein R, Azen SP, Varma R. Sociodemographic factors and age-related macular degeneration in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005 Jan; 139(1):30-8. PMID: 15652825.
        View in: PubMed
      170. Varma R, Ying-Lai M, Francis BA, Nguyen BB, Deneen J, Wilson MR, Azen SP. Prevalence of open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Aug; 111(8):1439-48. PMID: 15288969.
        View in: PubMed
      171. Varma R, Torres M. Prevalence of lens opacities in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Aug; 111(8):1449-56. PMID: 15288970.
        View in: PubMed
      172. Varma R, Fraser-Bell S, Tan S, Klein R, Azen SP. Prevalence of age-related macular degeneration in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Jul; 111(7):1288-97. PMID: 15234128.
        View in: PubMed
      173. Varma R, Torres M, Peña F, Klein R, Azen SP. Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in adult Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino eye study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Jul; 111(7):1298-306. PMID: 15234129.
        View in: PubMed
      174. Varma R, Paz SH, Azen SP, Klein R, Globe D, Torres M, Shufelt C, Preston-Martin S. The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study: design, methods, and baseline data. Ophthalmology. 2004 Jun; 111(6):1121-31. PMID: 15177962.
        View in: PubMed
      175. Varma R, Ying-Lai M, Klein R, Azen SP. Prevalence and risk indicators of visual impairment and blindness in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Jun; 111(6):1132-40. PMID: 15177963.
        View in: PubMed
      176. Globe DR, Wu J, Azen SP, Varma R. The impact of visual impairment on self-reported visual functioning in Latinos: The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 2004 Jun; 111(6):1141-9. PMID: 15177964.
        View in: PubMed
      177. Fraser-Bell S, Ying-Lai M, Klein R, Varma R. Prevalence and associations of epiretinal membranes in latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Jun; 45(6):1732-6. PMID: 15161833.
        View in: PubMed
      178. Unzueta M, Globe D, Wu J, Paz S, Azen S, Varma R. Compliance with recommendations for follow-up care in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Ethn Dis. 2004; 14(2):285-91. PMID: 15132216.
        View in: PubMed
      179. Varma R, Bazzaz S, Lai M. Optical tomography-measured retinal nerve fiber layer thickness in normal latinos. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Aug; 44(8):3369-73. PMID: 12882783.
        View in: PubMed
      180. Paz SH, Globe DR, Wu J, Azen SP, Varma R. Relationship between self-reported depression and self-reported visual function in Latinos. Arch Ophthalmol. 2003 Jul; 121(7):1021-7. PMID: 12860807.
        View in: PubMed
      181. Globe D, Varma R, Azen SP, Paz S, Yu E, Preston-Martin S. Psychometric performance of the NEI VFQ-25 in visually normal Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Apr; 44(4):1470-8. PMID: 12657581.
        View in: PubMed
      182. Hahn S, Azen S, Ying-Lai M, Varma R. Central corneal thickness in Latinos. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Apr; 44(4):1508-12. PMID: 12657586.
        View in: PubMed
      183. Tong L, Frazao K, LaBree L, Varma R. Intraocular pressure control and complications with two-stage insertion of the Baerveldt implant. Ophthalmology. 2003 Feb; 110(2):353-8. PMID: 12578780.
        View in: PubMed
      184. Fraser-Bell S, Varma R. Eye disease in Latinos. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 2003; 43(4):79-89. PMID: 14574203.
        View in: PubMed
      185. Azen SP, Varma R, Preston-Martin S, Ying-Lai M, Globe D, Hahn S. Binocular visual acuity summation and inhibition in an ocular epidemiological study: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Jun; 43(6):1742-8. PMID: 12036974.
        View in: PubMed
      186. Globe DR, Schoua-Glusberg A, Paz S, Yu E, Preston-Martin S, Azen S, Varma R. Using focus groups to develop a culturally sensitive methodology for epidemiological surveys in a Latino population: findings from the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study (LALES). Ethn Dis. 2002; 12(2):259-66. PMID: 12019936.
        View in: PubMed