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    Mark S Borchert, MD

    TitleClinical Associate Professor of Ophthalmology (Part Time)
    SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
    DepartmentPediatrics
    AddressCHL Mail Stop 88
    Off Campus
    Los Angeles California 90089
    Phone+1 323 361 4510
    vCardDownload vCard

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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Borchert M, Liu GT, Pineles S, Waldman AT. Pediatric Optic Neuritis: What Is New. J Neuroophthalmol. 2017 Sep; 37 Suppl 1:S14-S22. PMID: 28806345.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Garcia-Filion P, Almarzouki H, Fink C, Geffner M, Nelson M, Borchert M. Brain Malformations Do Not Predict Hypopituitarism in Young Children with Optic Nerve Hypoplasia. Horm Res Paediatr. 2017 Aug 22. PMID: 28848142.
        View in: PubMed
      3. McCulloch D, Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Fisher AC, Eleuteri A, Borchert M. Predictive value of N95 waveforms of pattern electroretinograms (PERGs) in children with optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH). Doc Ophthalmol. 2017 Aug 09. PMID: 28795295.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Ryabets-Lienhard A, Stewart C, Borchert M, Geffner ME. The Optic Nerve Hypoplasia Spectrum: Review of the Literature and Clinical Guidelines. Adv Pediatr. 2016 Aug; 63(1):127-46. PMID: 27426898.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Binder NR, Kruglyakova J, Borchert M. Strabismus in patients with cortical visual impairment: outcomes of surgery and observations of spontaneous resolution. J AAPOS. 2016 Apr; 20(2):121-5. PMID: 27079591.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Borchert M, Bruce S, Wirta D, Yoelin SG, Lee S, Mao C, VanDenburgh A. An evaluation of the safety and efficacy of bimatoprost for eyelash growth in pediatric subjects. Clin Ophthalmol. 2016; 10:419-29. PMID: 27022239; PMCID: PMC4792214.
      7. Stewart C, Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Ryabets-Lienhard A, Geffner ME, Borchert M. Efficacy of growth hormone replacement on anthropometric outcomes, obesity, and lipids in children with optic nerve hypoplasia and growth hormone deficiency. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2016; 2016:5. PMID: 26937243; PMCID: PMC4774157.
      8. Borchert M, Lessell S. Fanfare for the Uncommon Neuro-Ophthalmologist: A Tribute to Irma Miller Lessell. J Neuroophthalmol. 2015 Sep; 35(3):e24-5. PMID: 26505049.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Fisher AC, McCulloch DL, Borchert M, Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Eleuteri A, Simpson DM. Comparison of human expert and computer-automated systems using magnitude-squared coherence (MSC) and bootstrap distribution statistics for the interpretation of pattern electroretinograms (PERGs) in infants with optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH). Doc Ophthalmol. 2015 Aug; 131(1):25-34. PMID: 25761929.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Fink C, Borchert M, Simon CZ, Saper C. Hypothalamic dysfunction without hamartomas causing gelastic seizures in optic nerve hypoplasia. J Child Neurol. 2015 Feb; 30(2):233-7. PMID: 24700666.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Borchert M, Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Geffner M, Nelson M. Re: Ramakrishnaiah et al.: Reliability of magnetic resonance imaging for the detection of hypopituitarism in children with optic nerve hypoplasia (Ophthalmology 2014;121:387-91). Ophthalmology. 2014 May; 121(5):e26-7. PMID: 24565741.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Sutedja J, Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Borchert M. Absence of age-related optic disk changes in young children with optic nerve hypoplasia. Eye (Lond). 2014 May; 28(5):562-6. PMID: 24556885; PMCID: PMC4017100.
      13. Garcia-Filion P, Borchert M. Prenatal determinants of optic nerve hypoplasia: review of suggested correlates and future focus. Surv Ophthalmol. 2013 Nov-Dec; 58(6):610-9. PMID: 24160732; PMCID: PMC3879141.
      14. Fink C, Garcia-Filion P, Borchert M. Failure of stem cell therapy to improve visual acuity in children with optic nerve hypoplasia. J AAPOS. 2013 Oct; 17(5):490-3. PMID: 24160969.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Williams ME, Fink C, Zamora I, Borchert M. Autism assessment in children with optic nerve hypoplasia and other vision impairments. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2014 Jan; 56(1):66-72. PMID: 24000901.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Wen G, Tarczy-Hornoch K, McKean-Cowdin R, Cotter SA, Borchert M, Lin J, Kim J, Varma R. Prevalence of myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism in non-Hispanic white and Asian children: multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2013 Oct; 120(10):2109-16. PMID: 23953098; PMCID: PMC3902090.
      17. McKean-Cowdin R, Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Wen G, Kim J, Borchert M, Varma R. Prevalence of amblyopia or strabismus in asian and non-Hispanic white preschool children: multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2013 Oct; 120(10):2117-24. PMID: 23697956; PMCID: PMC4848013.
      18. Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Borchert M, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin J, Wen G, Kim J, Varma R. Prevalence and causes of visual impairment in Asian and non-Hispanic white preschool children: Multi-ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Ophthalmology. 2013 Jun; 120(6):1220-6. PMID: 23561327; PMCID: PMC4848010.
      19. Garcia-Filion P, Borchert M. Optic nerve hypoplasia syndrome: a review of the epidemiology and clinical associations. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2013 Feb; 15(1):78-89. PMID: 23233151; PMCID: PMC3576022.
      20. Fink C, Vedin AM, Garcia-Filion P, Ma NS, Geffner ME, Borchert M. Newborn thyroid-stimulating hormone in children with optic nerve hypoplasia: associations with hypothyroidism and vision. J AAPOS. 2012 Oct; 16(5):418-23. PMID: 23084376; PMCID: PMC3481172.
      21. Prasov L, Masud T, Khaliq S, Mehdi SQ, Abid A, Oliver ER, Silva ED, Lewanda A, Brodsky MC, Borchert M, Kelberman D, Sowden JC, Dattani MT, Glaser T. ATOH7 mutations cause autosomal recessive persistent hyperplasia of the primary vitreous. Hum Mol Genet. 2012 Aug 15; 21(16):3681-94. PMID: 22645276; PMCID: PMC3406761.
      22. Vedin AM, Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Borchert M, Geffner ME. Serum prolactin concentrations in relation to hypopituitarism and obesity in children with optic nerve hypoplasia. Horm Res Paediatr. 2012; 77(5):277-80. PMID: 22572701; PMCID: PMC3578391.
      23. Borchert M. Reappraisal of the optic nerve hypoplasia syndrome. J Neuroophthalmol. 2012 Mar; 32(1):58-67. PMID: 22330852.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Vedin AM, Karlsson H, Fink C, Borchert M, Geffner ME. Presenting features and long-term effects of growth hormone treatment of children with optic nerve hypoplasia/septo-optic dysplasia. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2011 Nov 15; 2011(1):17. PMID: 22085631; PMCID: PMC3256097.
      25. McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Borchert M, Lin JH, Wen G, Azen SP, Torres M, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors for astigmatism in preschool children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Oct; 118(10):1974-81. PMID: 21856010; PMCID: PMC3186875.
      26. Borchert M, Varma R, Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin JH, Wen G, Azen SP, Torres M, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors for hyperopia and myopia in preschool children the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Oct; 118(10):1966-73. PMID: 21856013; PMCID: PMC3186878.
      27. Tarczy-Hornoch K, Varma R, Cotter SA, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin JH, Borchert M, Torres M, Wen G, Azen SP, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors for decreased visual acuity in preschool children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Nov; 118(11):2262-73. PMID: 21856014; PMCID: PMC3208077.
      28. Cotter SA, Varma R, Tarczy-Hornoch K, McKean-Cowdin R, Lin J, Wen G, Wei J, Borchert M, Azen SP, Torres M, Tielsch JM, Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Ibironke J, Giordano L. Risk factors associated with childhood strabismus: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease and Baltimore pediatric eye disease studies. Ophthalmology. 2011 Nov; 118(11):2251-61. PMID: 21856012; PMCID: PMC3208120.
      29. O'Neil S, Ji L, Buranahirun C, Azoff J, Dhall G, Khatua S, Patel S, Panigrahy A, Borchert M, Sposto R, Finlay J. Neurocognitive outcomes in pediatric and adolescent patients with central nervous system germinoma treated with a strategy of chemotherapy followed by reduced-dose and volume irradiation. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2011 Oct; 57(4):669-73. PMID: 21495164.
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      30. Fozailoff A, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter S, Wen G, Lin J, Borchert M, Azen S, Varma R. Prevalence of astigmatism in 6- to 72-month-old African American and Hispanic children: the Multi-ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Ophthalmology. 2011 Feb; 118(2):284-93. PMID: 20888047; PMCID: PMC3017730.
      31. Wen G, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Borchert M, Azen S. General health-related quality of life in preschool children with strabismus or amblyopia. Ophthalmology. 2011 Mar; 118(3):574-80. PMID: 20884059; PMCID: PMC3017225.
      32. Rivkees SA, Fink C, Nelson M, Borchert M. Prevalence and risk factors for disrupted circadian rhythmicity in children with optic nerve hypoplasia. Br J Ophthalmol. 2010 Oct; 94(10):1358-62. PMID: 20576785.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Ma NS, Fink C, Geffner ME, Borchert M. Evolving central hypothyroidism in children with optic nerve hypoplasia. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jan-Feb; 23(1-2):53-8. PMID: 20432806.
        View in: PubMed
      34. McCulloch DL, Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Chaplin CA, Borchert M. Clinical electrophysiology and visual outcome in optic nerve hypoplasia. Br J Ophthalmol. 2010 Aug; 94(8):1017-23. PMID: 19955198.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Borchert M, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Liu N, Azen SP, Varma R. Anisometropia in Hispanic and african american infants and young children the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology. 2010 Jan; 117(1):148-153.e1. PMID: 19818509; PMCID: PMC2814917.
      36. Chaplin C, Borchert M, Fink C, Garcia-Filion P, McCulloch DL. Light-adapted electroretinograms in optic nerve hypoplasia. Doc Ophthalmol. 2009 Oct; 119(2):123-32. PMID: 19669817.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Pan Y, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter SA, Wen G, Borchert M, Azen SP, Varma R. Visual acuity norms in pre-school children: the Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Optom Vis Sci. 2009 Jun; 86(6):607-12. PMID: 19430325; PMCID: PMC2742505.
      38. Garcia-Filion P, Fink C, Geffner ME, Borchert M. Optic nerve hypoplasia in North America: a re-appraisal of perinatal risk factors. Acta Ophthalmol. 2010 Aug; 88(5):527-34. PMID: 19141149; PMCID: PMC3319088.
      39. Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Song E, Lin J, Borchert M, Azen SP, Varma R. Fixation preference and visual acuity testing in a population-based cohort of preschool children with amblyopia risk factors. Ophthalmology. 2009 Jan; 116(1):145-53. PMID: 18962921; PMCID: PMC2699252.
      40. Borchert M, Garcia-Filion P. The syndrome of optic nerve hypoplasia. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2008 Sep; 8(5):395-403. PMID: 18713575.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Ahmad T, Borchert M, Geffner M. Optic nerve hypoplasia and hypopituitarism. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev. 2008 Mar; 5(3):772-7. PMID: 18367998.
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      42. Chirapapaisan N, Borchert M. Pediatric optic neuritis. J Med Assoc Thai. 2008 Mar; 91(3):323-30. PMID: 18575284.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Tarczy-Hornoch K, Lin J, Deneen J, Cotter SA, Azen SP, Borchert M, Wang Y, Varma R. Stereoacuity testability in African-American and Hispanic pre-school children. Optom Vis Sci. 2008 Mar; 85(3):158-63. PMID: 18317330.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Garcia-Filion P, Epport K, Nelson M, Azen C, Geffner ME, Fink C, Borchert M. Neuroradiographic, endocrinologic, and ophthalmic correlates of adverse developmental outcomes in children with optic nerve hypoplasia: a prospective study. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar; 121(3):e653-9. PMID: 18250116.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Borchert M, Wang Y, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Cotter S, Deneen J, Azen S, Varma R. Testability of the Retinomax autorefractor and IOLMaster in preschool children: the Multi-ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Ophthalmology. 2008 Aug; 115(8):1422-5, 1425.e1. PMID: 18164067; PMCID: PMC4848014.
      46. Ortiz S, Borchert M. Long-term outcomes of pediatric ocular myasthenia gravis. Ophthalmology. 2008 Jul; 115(7):1245-1248.e1. PMID: 18155768.
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      47. Cotter SA, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Wang Y, Azen SP, Dilauro A, Borchert M, Varma R. Visual acuity testability in African-American and Hispanic children: the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Nov; 144(5):663-7. PMID: 17868633; PMCID: PMC2099260.
      48. Engel BC, Podsakoff GM, Ireland JL, Smogorzewska EM, Carbonaro DA, Wilson K, Shah A, Kapoor N, Sweeney M, Borchert M, Crooks GM, Weinberg KI, Parkman R, Rosenblatt HM, Wu SQ, Hershfield MS, Candotti F, Kohn DB. Prolonged pancytopenia in a gene therapy patient with ADA-deficient SCID and trisomy 8 mosaicism: a case report. Blood. 2007 Jan 15; 109(2):503-6. PMID: 16973956; PMCID: PMC1785101.
      49. McCulloch DL, Garcia-Filion P, Garcia-Fillion P, van Boemel GB, Borchert M. Retinal function in infants with optic nerve hypoplasia: electroretinograms to large patterns and photopic flash. Eye (Lond). 2007 Jun; 21(6):712-20. PMID: 16601748.
        View in: PubMed
      50. La Via WV, Lambert JL, Pelletier MJ, Morookian JM, Sirk SJ, Mickiene D, Walsh TJ, Borchert M. Measurement of amphotericin B concentration by resonant Raman spectroscopy--a novel technique that may be useful for non-invasive monitoring. Med Mycol. 2006 Mar; 44(2):169-74. PMID: 16519020.
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      51. Ahmad T, Garcia-Filion P, Borchert M, Kaufman F, Burkett L, Geffner M. Endocrinological and auxological abnormalities in young children with optic nerve hypoplasia: a prospective study. J Pediatr. 2006 Jan; 148(1):78-84. PMID: 16423602.
        View in: PubMed
      52. Borchert M, Lambert J, Sliney D. Validation of ICNIRP estimates of toxicity thresholds for NIR (785 nm) light in the retinas of pigmented rabbits. Health Phys. 2006 Jan; 90(1):3-10. PMID: 16340602.
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      53. Pelletier CC, Lambert JL, Borchert M. Determination of glucose in human aqueous humor using Raman spectroscopy and designed-solution calibration. Appl Spectrosc. 2005 Aug; 59(8):1024-31. PMID: 16105211.
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      54. Lambert JL, Pelletier CC, Borchert M. Glucose determination in human aqueous humor with Raman spectroscopy. J Biomed Opt. 2005 May-Jun; 10(3):031110. PMID: 16229635.
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      55. Mitchell WG, Davalos-Gonzalez Y, Brumm VL, Aller SK, Burger E, Turkel SB, Borchert M, Hollar S, Padilla S. Opsoclonus-ataxia caused by childhood neuroblastoma: developmental and neurologic sequelae. Pediatrics. 2002 Jan; 109(1):86-98. PMID: 11773546.
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      56. Chung M, Stout JT, Borchert M. Clinical diversity of hereditary Duane's retraction syndrome. Ophthalmology. 2000 Mar; 107(3):500-3. PMID: 10711888.
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      57. Appukuttan B, Gillanders E, Juo SH, Freas-Lutz D, Ott S, Sood R, Van Auken A, Bailey-Wilson J, Wang X, Patel RJ, Robbins CM, Chung M, Annett G, Weinberg K, Borchert M, Trent JM, Brownstein MJ, Stout JT. Localization of a gene for Duane retraction syndrome to chromosome 2q31. Am J Hum Genet. 1999 Dec; 65(6):1639-46. PMID: 10577917; PMCID: PMC1288374.
      58. Hwang JM, Matsumoto ER, Borchert M. The relationship between stereopsis and monocular optokinetic optokinetic nystagmus after infantile cataracts. J AAPOS. 1999 Aug; 3(4):221-6. PMID: 10477224.
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      59. Ott S, Borchert M, Chung M, Appukuttan B, Wang X, Weinberg K, Stout JT. Exclusion of candidate genetic loci for Duane retraction syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol. 1999 Mar; 127(3):358-60. PMID: 10088756.
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      60. Cinciripini GS, Donahue S, Borchert M. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension in prepubertal pediatric patients: characteristics, treatment, and outcome. Am J Ophthalmol. 1999 Feb; 127(2):178-82. PMID: 10030560.
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      61. Kushner BJ, Alvares MG, Paysse EA, Brooks SE, Borchert M. Grand rounds #53: A case of small angle strabismus, torsion, aniseikonia and diplopia associated with epiretinal membranes [clincical conference]. Binocul Vis Strabismus Q. 1999; 14(1):46-51; discussion 51-2. PMID: 10076106.
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      62. Borchert M, Storrie-Lombardi MC, Lambert JL. A noninvasive glucose monitor: preliminary results in rabbits. Diabetes Technol Ther. 1999; 1(2):145-51. PMID: 11475286.
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      63. Rostomian K, Thach AB, Isfahani A, Pakkar A, Pakkar R, Borchert M. Open globe injuries in children. J AAPOS. 1998 Aug; 2(4):234-8. PMID: 10532742.
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      64. Edelman PM, Borchert M. Visual outcome in high hypermetropia. J AAPOS. 1997 Sep; 1(3):147-50. PMID: 10532776.
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      65. Legmann Simon A, Borchert M. Etiology and prognosis of acute, late-onset esotropia. Ophthalmology. 1997 Aug; 104(8):1348-52. PMID: 9261325.
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      66. McCulloch DL, Van Boemel GB, Borchert M. Comparisons of contact lens, foil, fiber and skin electrodes for patterns electroretinograms. Doc Ophthalmol. 1997-1998; 94(4):327-40. PMID: 9858093.
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      67. Borchert M, Lessell S, Hoyt WF. Hemifield slide diplopia from altitudinal visual field defects. J Neuroophthalmol. 1996 Jun; 16(2):107-9. PMID: 8797166.
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      68. Borchert M, McCulloch D, Rother C, Stout AU. Clinical assessment, optic disk measurements, and visual-evoked potential in optic nerve hypoplasia. Am J Ophthalmol. 1995 Nov; 120(5):605-12. PMID: 7485362.
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      69. Aiello A, Wright KW, Borchert M. Independence of optokinetic nystagmus asymmetry and binocularity in infantile esotropia. Arch Ophthalmol. 1994 Dec; 112(12):1580-3. PMID: 7993213.
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      70. Stout AU, Borchert M. Etiology of eyelid retraction in children: a retrospective study. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1993 Mar-Apr; 30(2):96-9. PMID: 8501625.
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      71. Gonzalez VH, Ober RR, Borchert M, Bui KC, Ramos AD, Stout AU. Ocular findings in neonates after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Retina. 1993; 13(3):202-7. PMID: 8235100.
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      72. Rismondo V, Borchert M. Position-dependent Parinaud's syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol. 1992 Jul 15; 114(1):107-8. PMID: 1621779.
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      73. Branley MG, Wright KW, Borchert M. Third nerve palsy due to cerebral artery aneurysm in a child. Aust N Z J Ophthalmol. 1992 May; 20(2):137-40. PMID: 1389132.
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      74. Wagner WH, Weaver FA, Brinkley JR, Borchert M, Lindsay SF. Chronic ocular ischemia and neovascular glaucoma: a result of extracranial carotid artery disease. J Vasc Surg. 1988 Nov; 8(5):551-7. PMID: 3184312.
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      75. Borchert M, Lessell S. Progressive and recurrent nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Am J Ophthalmol. 1988 Oct 15; 106(4):443-9. PMID: 3177563.
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      76. Borchert M, Sadun AA. Bright light stimuli as a mask of relative afferent pupillary defects. Am J Ophthalmol. 1988 Jul 15; 106(1):98-9. PMID: 3394776.
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      77. Schwartz SD, Borchert M, Oberman A. Hypopyon keratouveitis in acute angle-closure glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol. 1987 Oct 15; 104(4):430-1. PMID: 3661656.
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      78. Sadun AA, Borchert M, DeVita E, Hinton DR, Bassi CJ. Assessment of visual impairment in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Am J Ophthalmol. 1987 Aug 15; 104(2):113-20. PMID: 3618708.
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