Loading...
Sign in to edit your profile (add interests, mentoring, photo, etc.)

    Lori Michener

    TitleProfessor of Clinical
    SchoolHerman Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC
    DepartmentBiokinesiology and Physical Therapy
    Address1540 ALCAZAR STREET
    Health Sciences Campus
    Los Angeles California 90033
    Emaillmichene@usc.edu
    vCardDownload vCard

      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      Dr. Michener's research characterizes the biomechanics of musculoskeletal shoulder pain, diagnosis and treatment of shoulder and cervical pain, clinical trials investigating optimal treatment strategies for shoulder and cervical disorders, and the use of patient-rated outcomes measurement tools to assess health related quality of life. She is the Director of the COOR (Clinical biomechanics and Orthopedic Outcomes Research) Laboratory. As the Director of Clinical Outcomes and Research, she directs the development, collection, and analysis of patient-rated outcomes and the process of care in the USC Physical Therapy Associates Clinics, and serves as a resource for clinical research.


      Collapse ORNG Applications 
      Collapse Websites

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
      List All   |   Timeline
      1. Plummer HA, Sum JC, Pozzi F, Varghese R, Michener L. Observational Scapular Dyskinesis: Known-Groups Validity in Patients With and Without Shoulder Pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Aug; 47(8):530-537. PMID: 28683230.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Pozzi F, Seitz AL, Plummer HA, Chow K, Bashford GR, Michener L. Supraspinatus tendon micromorphology in individuals with subacromial pain syndrome. J Hand Ther. 2017 Apr - Jun; 30(2):214-220. PMID: 28502699.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Mintken PE, McDevitt AW, Michener L, Boyles RE, Beardslee AR, Burns SA, Haberl MD, Hinrichs LA, Cleland JA. Examination of the Validity of a Clinical Prediction Rule to Identify Patients With Shoulder Pain Likely to Benefit From Cervicothoracic Manipulation. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Apr; 47(4):252-260. PMID: 28257617.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Struyf F, Tate A, Kuppens K, Feijen S, Michener L. Musculoskeletal dysfunctions associated with swimmers' shoulder. Br J Sports Med. 2017 May; 51(10):775-780. PMID: 28189997.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Timmons MK, Yesilyaprak SS, Ericksen J, Michener L. Full can test: Mechanisms of a positive test in patients with shoulder pain. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2017 Feb; 42:9-13. PMID: 28042977.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Cools AM, Michener L. Shoulder pain: can one label satisfy everyone and everything? Br J Sports Med. 2017 Mar; 51(5):416-417. PMID: 27806952.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Mintken PE, McDevitt AW, Cleland JA, Boyles RE, Beardslee AR, Burns SA, Haberl MD, Hinrichs LA, Michener L. Cervicothoracic Manual Therapy Plus Exercise Therapy Versus Exercise Therapy Alone in the Management of Individuals With Shoulder Pain: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Aug; 46(8):617-28. PMID: 27477473.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Michener L, Sharma S, Cools AM, Timmons MK. Relative scapular muscle activity ratios are altered in subacromial pain syndrome. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016 Nov; 25(11):1861-1867. PMID: 27374236.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Reijneveld EA, Noten S, Michener L, Cools A, Struyf F. Clinical outcomes of a scapular-focused treatment in patients with subacromial pain syndrome: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2017 Mar; 51(5):436-441. PMID: 27251897.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Tilson JK, Mickan S, Howard R, Sum JC, Zibell M, Cleary L, Mody B, Michener L. Promoting physical therapists' use of research evidence to inform clinical practice: part 3--long term feasibility assessment of the PEAK program. BMC Med Educ. 2016 May 12; 16:144. PMID: 27176726; PMCID: PMC4866278.
      11. Gorgey AS, Timmons MK, Dolbow DR, Bengel J, Fugate-Laus KC, Michener L, Gater DR. Electrical stimulation and blood flow restriction increase wrist extensor cross-sectional area and flow meditated dilatation following spinal cord injury. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2016 Jun; 116(6):1231-44. PMID: 27155846.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Timmons MK, Ericksen JJ, Yesilyaprak SS, Michener L. Empty can exercise provokes more pain and has undesirable biomechanics compared with the full can exercise. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016 Apr; 25(4):548-56. PMID: 26577128.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Michener L, Elmore KA, Darter BJ, Timmons MK. Biomechanical measures in participants with shoulder pain: Intra-rater reliability. Man Ther. 2016 Apr; 22:86-93. PMID: 26578162.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Michener L, Kulig K. Not All Tendons Are Created Equal: Implications for Differing Treatment Approaches. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Nov; 45(11):829-32. PMID: 27136289.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Kardouni JR, Pidcoe PE, Shaffer SW, Finucane SD, Cheatham SA, Sousa CO, Michener L. Thoracic Spine Manipulation in Individuals With Subacromial Impingement Syndrome Does Not Immediately Alter Thoracic Spine Kinematics, Thoracic Excursion, or Scapular Kinematics: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Jul; 45(7):527-38. PMID: 25996365.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Shanley E, Kissenberth MJ, Thigpen CA, Bailey LB, Hawkins RJ, Michener L, Tokish JM, Rauh MJ. Preseason shoulder range of motion screening as a predictor of injury among youth and adolescent baseball pitchers. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2015 Jul; 24(7):1005-13. PMID: 25957112.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Gabel CP, Michener L, Melloh M, Cuesta-Vargas A. The psychometric properties of the dash and quickdash. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 May; 45(5):426-7. PMID: 25929163.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Coronado RA, Bialosky JE, Bishop MD, Riley JL, Robinson ME, Michener L, George SZ. The comparative effects of spinal and peripheral thrust manipulation and exercise on pain sensitivity and the relation to clinical outcome: a mechanistic trial using a shoulder pain model. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015 Apr; 45(4):252-64. PMID: 25739842; PMCID: PMC4789758.
      19. Kardouni JR, Shaffer SW, Pidcoe PE, Finucane SD, Cheatham SA, Michener L. Immediate changes in pressure pain sensitivity after thoracic spinal manipulative therapy in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome: A randomized controlled study. Man Ther. 2015 Aug; 20(4):540-6. PMID: 25595413.
        View in: PubMed
      20. McClure PW, Michener L. Staged Approach for Rehabilitation Classification: Shoulder Disorders (STAR-Shoulder). Phys Ther. 2015 May; 95(5):791-800. PMID: 25504491.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Lopes AD, Timmons MK, Grover M, Ciconelli RM, Michener L. Visual scapular dyskinesis: kinematics and muscle activity alterations in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Feb; 96(2):298-306. PMID: 25449194.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Michener L, Kardouni JR, Sousa CO, Ely JM. Validation of a sham comparator for thoracic spinal manipulation in patients with shoulder pain. Man Ther. 2015 Feb; 20(1):171-5. PMID: 25261090; PMCID: PMC4286506.
      23. Sousa Cde O, Michener L, Ribeiro IL, Reiff RB, Camargo PR, Salvini TF. Motion of the shoulder complex in individuals with isolated acromioclavicular osteoarthritis and associated with rotator cuff dysfunction: part 2 - muscle activity. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2015 Feb; 25(1):77-83. PMID: 24928470.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Sousa Cde O, Camargo PR, Ribeiro IL, Reiff RB, Michener L, Salvini TF. Motion of the shoulder complex in individuals with isolated acromioclavicular osteoarthritis and associated with rotator cuff dysfunction: part 1 - Three-dimensional shoulder kinematics. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2014 Aug; 24(4):520-30. PMID: 24877751.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Payne C, Michener L. Physiotherapists use of and perspectives on the importance of patient-reported outcome measures for shoulder dysfunction. Shoulder Elbow. 2014 Jul; 6(3):204-14. PMID: 27582938; PMCID: PMC4935060.
      26. Kelley MJ, Shaffer MA, Kuhn JE, Michener L, Seitz AL, Uhl TL, Godges JJ, McClure P. Response. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2013 Dec; 43(12):934-6. PMID: 24289036.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Kardouni JR, Seitz AL, Walsworth MK, Michener L. Neovascularization prevalence in the supraspinatus of patients with rotator cuff tendinopathy. Clin J Sport Med. 2013 Nov; 23(6):444-9. PMID: 23732364.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Gabel CP, Melloh M, Burkett B, Michener L. The Spine Functional Index: development and clinimetric validation of a new whole-spine functional outcome measure. Spine J. 2013 Oct 25. PMID: 24370272.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Gorgey AS, Timmons MK, Michener L, Ericksen JJ, Gater DR. Intra-rater reliability of ultrasound imaging of wrist extensor muscles in patients with tetraplegia. PM R. 2014 Feb; 6(2):127-33. PMID: 24041587.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Harrington S, Michener L, Kendig T, Miale S, George SZ. Patient-reported upper extremity outcome measures used in breast cancer survivors: a systematic review. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Jan; 95(1):153-62. PMID: 23932969; PMCID: PMC4162515.
      31. Camargo PR, Zanca GG, Okino PS, Russo TL, Michener L. Scapular kinematics and muscle performance in a single case of Parsonage-Turner. Man Ther. 2014 Feb; 19(1):77-81. PMID: 23845446.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Michener L, Subasi Yesilyaprak SS, Seitz AL, Timmons MK, Walsworth MK. Supraspinatus tendon and subacromial space parameters measured on ultrasonographic imaging in subacromial impingement syndrome. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2015 Feb; 23(2):363-9. PMID: 23736252.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Kelley MJ, Shaffer MA, Kuhn JE, Michener L, Seitz AL, Uhl TL, Godges JJ, McClure PW. Shoulder pain and mobility deficits: adhesive capsulitis. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2013 May; 43(5):A1-31. PMID: 23636125.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Kibler WB, Ludewig PM, McClure PW, Michener L, Bak K, Sciascia AD. Clinical implications of scapular dyskinesis in shoulder injury: the 2013 consensus statement from the 'Scapular Summit'. Br J Sports Med. 2013 Sep; 47(14):877-85. PMID: 23580420.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Timmons MK, Lopes-Albers AD, Borgsmiller L, Zirker C, Ericksen J, Michener L. Differences in scapular orientation, subacromial space and shoulder pain between the full can and empty can tests. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2013 Apr; 28(4):395-401. PMID: 23473974.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Oatis CA, Wolff EF, Lockard MA, Michener L, Robbins SJ. Correlations among measures of knee stiffness, gait performance and complaints in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2013 Mar; 28(3):306-11. PMID: 23410554.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Harrington S, Padua D, Battaglini C, Michener L. Upper extremity strength and range of motion and their relationship to function in breast cancer survivors. Physiother Theory Pract. 2013 Oct; 29(7):513-20. PMID: 23343035.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Michener L, Snyder Valier AR, McClure PW. Defining substantial clinical benefit for patient-rated outcome tools for shoulder impingement syndrome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013 Apr; 94(4):725-30. PMID: 23164979.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Wright AA, Wassinger CA, Frank M, Michener L, Hegedus EJ. Diagnostic accuracy of scapular physical examination tests for shoulder disorders: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2013 Sep; 47(14):886-92. PMID: 23080313.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Shanley E, Michener L, Ellenbecker TS, Rauh MJ. Shoulder range of motion, pitch count, and injuries among interscholastic female softball pitchers: a descriptive study. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2012 Oct; 7(5):548-57. PMID: 23091788; PMCID: PMC3474308.
      41. Michener L, Kardouni JR, Lopes Albers AD, Ely JM. Development of a sham comparator for thoracic spinal manipulative therapy for use with shoulder disorders. Man Ther. 2013 Feb; 18(1):60-4. PMID: 22883130.
        View in: PubMed
      42. Hegedus EJ, Goode AP, Cook CE, Michener L, Myer CA, Myer DM, Wright AA. Which physical examination tests provide clinicians with the most value when examining the shoulder? Update of a systematic review with meta-analysis of individual tests. Br J Sports Med. 2012 Nov; 46(14):964-78. PMID: 22773322.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Timmons MK, Thigpen CA, Seitz AL, Karduna AR, Arnold BL, Michener L. Scapular kinematics and subacromial-impingement syndrome: a meta-analysis. J Sport Rehabil. 2012 Nov; 21(4):354-70. PMID: 22388171.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Tate A, Turner GN, Knab SE, Jorgensen C, Strittmatter A, Michener L. Risk factors associated with shoulder pain and disability across the lifespan of competitive swimmers. J Athl Train. 2012 Mar-Apr; 47(2):149-58. PMID: 22488280; PMCID: PMC3418126.
      45. Seitz AL, McClure PW, Finucane S, Ketchum JM, Walsworth MK, Boardman ND, Michener L. The scapular assistance test results in changes in scapular position and subacromial space but not rotator cuff strength in subacromial impingement. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2012 May; 42(5):400-12. PMID: 22333409.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Gabel CP, Melloh M, Burkett B, Michener L. Lower limb functional index: development and clinimetric properties. Phys Ther. 2012 Jan; 92(1):98-110. PMID: 22052947.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Shanley E, Rauh MJ, Michener L, Ellenbecker TS. Incidence of injuries in high school softball and baseball players. J Athl Train. 2011 Nov-Dec; 46(6):648-54. PMID: 22488191; PMCID: PMC3418943.
      48. Michener L, Doukas WC, Murphy KP, Walsworth MK. Diagnostic accuracy of history and physical examination of superior labrum anterior- posterior lesions. J Athl Train. 2011 Jul-Aug; 46(4):343-8. PMID: 21944065; PMCID: PMC3419145.
      49. Shanley E, Rauh MJ, Michener L, Ellenbecker TS, Garrison JC, Thigpen CA. Shoulder range of motion measures as risk factors for shoulder and elbow injuries in high school softball and baseball players. Am J Sports Med. 2011 Sep; 39(9):1997-2006. PMID: 21685316.
        View in: PubMed
      50. Seitz AL, McClure PW, Lynch SS, Ketchum JM, Michener L. Effects of scapular dyskinesis and scapular assistance test on subacromial space during static arm elevation. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2012 May; 21(5):631-40. PMID: 21444218.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Michener L, Snyder AR, Leggin BG. Responsiveness of the numeric pain rating scale in patients with shoulder pain and the effect of surgical status. J Sport Rehabil. 2011 Feb; 20(1):115-28. PMID: 21411827.
        View in: PubMed
      52. Michener L. Patient- and clinician-rated outcome measures for clinical decision making in rehabilitation. J Sport Rehabil. 2011 Feb; 20(1):37-45. PMID: 21411821.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Harrington S, Padua D, Battaglini C, Michener L, Giuliani C, Myers J, Groff D. Comparison of shoulder flexibility, strength, and function between breast cancer survivors and healthy participants. J Cancer Surviv. 2011 Jun; 5(2):167-74. PMID: 21225372.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Seitz AL, Michener L. Ultrasonographic measures of subacromial space in patients with rotator cuff disease: A systematic review. J Clin Ultrasound. 2011 Mar-Apr; 39(3):146-54. PMID: 21387327.
        View in: PubMed
      55. Young IA, Cleland JA, Michener L, Brown C. Reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of the neck disability index, patient-specific functional scale, and numeric pain rating scale in patients with cervical radiculopathy. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2010 Oct; 89(10):831-9. PMID: 20657263.
        View in: PubMed
      56. Kalra N, Seitz AL, Boardman ND, Michener L. Effect of posture on acromiohumeral distance with arm elevation in subjects with and without rotator cuff disease using ultrasonography. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2010 Oct; 40(10):633-40. PMID: 20710092.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Seitz AL, McClure PW, Finucane S, Boardman ND, Michener L. Mechanisms of rotator cuff tendinopathy: intrinsic, extrinsic, or both? Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2011 Jan; 26(1):1-12. PMID: 20846766.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Tate AR, McClure PW, Young IA, Salvatori R, Michener L. Comprehensive impairment-based exercise and manual therapy intervention for patients with subacromial impingement syndrome: a case series. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2010 Aug; 40(8):474-93. PMID: 20710088.
        View in: PubMed
      59. Gaunt BW, Shaffer MA, Sauers EL, Michener L, McCluskey GM, Thigpen C. The American Society of Shoulder and Elbow Therapists' consensus rehabilitation guideline for arthroscopic anterior capsulolabral repair of the shoulder. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2010 Mar; 40(3):155-68. PMID: 20195022.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Thigpen CA, Padua DA, Michener L, Guskiewicz K, Giuliani C, Keener JD, Stergiou N. Head and shoulder posture affect scapular mechanics and muscle activity in overhead tasks. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2010 Aug; 20(4):701-9. PMID: 20097090.
        View in: PubMed
      61. Gabel CP, Michener L, Melloh M, Burkett B. Modification of the upper limb functional index to a three-point response improves clinimetric properties. J Hand Ther. 2010 Jan-Mar; 23(1):41-51; quiz 52. PMID: 19963344.
        View in: PubMed
      62. Gabel CP, Melloh M, Michener L, Burkett B. Clinimetric evaluation of measurement tools used in hand therapy to assess activity and participation. J Hand Ther. 2010 Jan-Mar; 23(1):83-4. PMID: 19945253.
        View in: PubMed
      63. Michener L, Walsworth MK, Doukas WC, Murphy KP. Reliability and diagnostic accuracy of 5 physical examination tests and combination of tests for subacromial impingement. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2009 Nov; 90(11):1898-903. PMID: 19887215.
        View in: PubMed
      64. Walsworth MK, Doukas WC, Murphy KP, Bimson W, Mielcarek BJ, Michener L. Descriptive analysis of patients undergoing shoulder surgery at a tertiary care military medical center. Mil Med. 2009 Jun; 174(6):642-4. PMID: 19585780.
        View in: PubMed
      65. Young IA, Michener L, Cleland JA, Aguilera AJ, Snyder AR. Manual therapy, exercise, and traction for patients with cervical radiculopathy: a randomized clinical trial. Phys Ther. 2009 Jul; 89(7):632-42. PMID: 19465371.
        View in: PubMed
      66. Snyder AR, Parsons JT, Valovich McLeod TC, Curtis Bay R, Michener L, Sauers EL. Using disablement models and clinical outcomes assessment to enable evidence-based athletic training practice, part I: disablement models. J Athl Train. 2008 Jul-Aug; 43(4):428-36. PMID: 18668176; PMCID: PMC2474823.
      67. Valovich McLeod TC, Snyder AR, Parsons JT, Curtis Bay R, Michener L, Sauers EL. Using disablement models and clinical outcomes assessment to enable evidence-based athletic training practice, part II: clinical outcomes assessment. J Athl Train. 2008 Jul-Aug; 43(4):437-45. PMID: 18668177; PMCID: PMC2474824.
      68. Michener L, Snyder AR. Evaluation of health-related quality of life in patients with shoulder pain: are we doing the best we can? Clin Sports Med. 2008 Jul; 27(3):491-505, x. PMID: 18503880.
        View in: PubMed
      69. Beattie PF, Nelson RM, Michener L, Cammarata J, Donley J. Outcomes after a prone lumbar traction protocol for patients with activity-limiting low back pain: a prospective case series study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Feb; 89(2):269-74. PMID: 18226650.
        View in: PubMed
      70. Walsworth MK, Doukas WC, Murphy KP, Mielcarek BJ, Michener L. Reliability and diagnostic accuracy of history and physical examination for diagnosing glenoid labral tears. Am J Sports Med. 2008 Jan; 36(1):162-8. PMID: 17932402.
        View in: PubMed
      71. McClure PW, Michener L, Karduna AR. Shoulder function and 3-dimensional scapular kinematics in people with and without shoulder impingement syndrome. Phys Ther. 2006 Aug; 86(8):1075-90. PMID: 16879042.
        View in: PubMed
      72. Gabel CP, Michener L, Burkett B, Neller A. The Upper Limb Functional Index: development and determination of reliability, validity, and responsiveness. J Hand Ther. 2006 Jul-Sep; 19(3):328-48; quiz 349. PMID: 16861132.
        View in: PubMed
      73. Leggin BG, Michener L, Shaffer MA, Brenneman SK, Iannotti JP, Williams GR. The Penn shoulder score: reliability and validity. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006 Mar; 36(3):138-51. PMID: 16596890.
        View in: PubMed
      74. Michener L, Boardman ND, Pidcoe PE, Frith AM. Scapular muscle tests in subjects with shoulder pain and functional loss: reliability and construct validity. Phys Ther. 2005 Nov; 85(11):1128-38. PMID: 16253043.
        View in: PubMed
      75. Beattie P, Dowda M, Turner C, Michener L, Nelson R. Longitudinal continuity of care is associated with high patient satisfaction with physical therapy. Phys Ther. 2005 Oct; 85(10):1046-52. PMID: 16180953.
        View in: PubMed
      76. Beattie P, Turner C, Dowda M, Michener L, Nelson R. The MedRisk Instrument for Measuring Patient Satisfaction With Physical Therapy Care: a psychometric analysis. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2005 Jan; 35(1):24-32. PMID: 15754601.
        View in: PubMed
      77. Walsworth MK, Mills JT, Michener L. Diagnosing suprascapular neuropathy in patients with shoulder dysfunction: a report of 5 cases. Phys Ther. 2004 Apr; 84(4):359-72. PMID: 15049729.
        View in: PubMed
      78. Michener L, Walsworth MK, Burnet EN. Effectiveness of rehabilitation for patients with subacromial impingement syndrome: a systematic review. J Hand Ther. 2004 Apr-Jun; 17(2):152-64. PMID: 15162102.
        View in: PubMed
      79. Michener L, McClure PW, Karduna AR. Anatomical and biomechanical mechanisms of subacromial impingement syndrome. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2003 Jun; 18(5):369-79. PMID: 12763431.
        View in: PubMed
      80. Michener L, McClure PW, Sennett BJ. American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form, patient self-report section: reliability, validity, and responsiveness. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2002 Nov-Dec; 11(6):587-94. PMID: 12469084.
        View in: PubMed