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    Kwang Jin Kim, PhD

    TitleProfessor of Medicine
    SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
    DepartmentMedicine
    AddressIRD 720 2020 Zonal Avenue
    Health Sciences Campus
    Los Angeles California 90033
    Phone+1 323 442 1217
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      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      Kwang-Jin Kim, Ph.D. is Professor of Medicine at the University of Southern California - Keck School of Medicine. He also has secondary appointments in the Departments of Physiology and Biophysics, Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Biomedical Engineering at USC.

      He received B.S. and M.S. degrees in Electronics Engineering from the Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, in 1971 and 1973, respectively.

      He served in the Republic of Korea Army from March 1973 through June 1976.

      He was admitted to the Department of Bioengineering, Graduate School, University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, PA) in September 1976. After getting his Ph.D. in Bioengineering in May 1980, he moved to the University of California (Los Angeles, CA) as a postdoctoral fellow. He was a recipient of the postdoctoral fellowship from the American Heart Association - Greater Los Angeles Area from July 1980 to June 1982. From July 1982 through August 1986, he did research and teaching at UCLA as Assistant Research Physiologist.

      From September 1986 through December 1990, he was at the Cornell University Medical College, New York, NY, as Assistant Professor of Medicine and Physiology.

      In January 1991, he moved to USC as Associate Professor of Medicine (and Physiology and Biophysics) and got his tenure in 1994.

      He has been a member of New York Academy of Sciences, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, American Society of Cell Biology, Controlled Release Society, and Biomedical Engineering Society. He is a current member of American Association for the Advancement of Sciences and American Physiological Society (APS). [He serves as a councillor of the APS Epithelial Transport Group Steering Committee, starting in April 2010 for three years.] He has served as an Editorial Advisory Board member of the Pharmaceutical Research from 1998 to 2005. He has been actively participating in various national and international meetings/workshops as a presenter/teacher.

      His research interests encompass electrophysiology and cell pathophysiology of pulmonary (airways and alveoli) and ocular (conjunctiva) epithelial barriers. He has been studying the active/passive barrier properties of respiratory epithelia utilizing amphibian lungs, isolated perfused rat lungs, and alveolar /airway epithelial cells in primary culture. Transport cell physiology of various epithelial barriers has been studied in his laboratories utilizing Ussing chamber techniques and other approaches (e.g., confocal laser scanning microscopy and electron microscopy, short-circuiting techniques, patch clamping techniques, impedance analysis, permselectivity assessment of paracellular pathways using dilution and bi-ionic potential measurements, equivalent pore/slit analysis, water transport estimations using capacitance probes, and western/northern analyses).


      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Awards and Honors
      University of Pennsylvania1977  - 1980Research Fellowship
      American Heart Association1980  - 1982Postdoctoral Research Fellowship
      Public Health Service1985  - 1988New Investigator Award

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Gukasyan HJ, Uchiyama T, Kim K, Ehrhardt C, Wu SK, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Lee VHL. Oligopeptide Transport in Rat Lung Alveolar Epithelial Cells is Mediated by Pept2. Pharm Res. 2017 Aug 22. PMID: 28831683.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Flodby P, Kim YH, Beard LL, Gao D, Ji Y, Kage H, Liebler JM, Minoo P, Kim K, Borok Z, Crandall ED. Knockout Mice Reveal a Major Role for Alveolar Epithelial Type I Cells in Alveolar Fluid Clearance. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2016 Sep; 55(3):395-406. PMID: 27064541; PMCID: PMC5023030 [Available on 09/01/17].
      3. Kumaran RS, Choi YK, Singh V, Kim K, Kim HJ. Cytotoxic Effects of ZnO Nanoparticles on the Expression of ROS-Responsive Genes in the Human Cell Lines. J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2016 Jan; 16(1):210-8. PMID: 27398447.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Kage H, Flodby P, Gao D, Kim YH, Marconett CN, DeMaio L, Kim K, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Claudin 4 knockout mice: normal physiological phenotype with increased susceptibility to lung injury. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2014 Oct 01; 307(7):L524-36. PMID: 25106430; PMCID: PMC4187039.
      5. Li G, Flodby P, Luo J, Kage H, Sipos A, Gao D, Ji Y, Beard LL, Marconett CN, DeMaio L, Kim YH, Kim K, Laird-Offringa IA, Minoo P, Liebler JM, Zhou B, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Knockout mice reveal key roles for claudin 18 in alveolar barrier properties and fluid homeostasis. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2014 Aug; 51(2):210-22. PMID: 24588076; PMCID: PMC4148039.
      6. Negoda A, Kim K, Crandall ED, Worden RM. Polystyrene nanoparticle exposure induces ion-selective pores in lipid bilayers. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Sep; 1828(9):2215-22. PMID: 23747366; PMCID: PMC4659421.
      7. Fazlollahi F, Kim YH, Sipos A, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim K, Crandall ED. Nanoparticle translocation across mouse alveolar epithelial cell monolayers: species-specific mechanisms. Nanomedicine. 2013 Aug; 9(6):786-94. PMID: 23454523; PMCID: PMC3702651.
      8. Zhou B, Buckley ST, Patel V, Liu Y, Luo J, Krishnaveni MS, Ivan M, DeMaio L, Kim K, Ehrhardt C, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Troglitazone attenuates TGF-ß1-induced EMT in alveolar epithelial cells via a PPAR?-independent mechanism. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e38827. PMID: 22745681; PMCID: PMC3380041.
      9. Fazlollahi F, Sipos A, Kim YH, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim K, Crandall ED. Translocation of PEGylated quantum dots across rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Int J Nanomedicine. 2011; 6:2849-57. PMID: 22131830; PMCID: PMC3224711.
      10. Yacobi NR, Fazllolahi F, Kim YH, Sipos A, Borok Z, Kim K, Crandall ED. Nanomaterial interactions with and trafficking across the lung alveolar epithelial barrier: implications for health effects of air-pollution particles. Air Qual Atmos Health. 2011 Mar 01; 4(1):65-78. PMID: 25568662.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Fazlollahi F, Angelow S, Yacobi NR, Marchelletta R, Yu AS, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim K, Crandall ED. Polystyrene nanoparticle trafficking across MDCK-II. Nanomedicine. 2011 Oct; 7(5):588-94. PMID: 21310266; PMCID: PMC3130091.
      12. Zhong Q, Zhou B, Ann DK, Minoo P, Liu Y, Banfalvi A, Krishnaveni MS, Dubourd M, Demaio L, Willis BC, Kim K, duBois RM, Crandall ED, Beers MF, Borok Z. Role of endoplasmic reticulum stress in epithelial-mesenchymal transition of alveolar epithelial cells: effects of misfolded surfactant protein. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2011 Sep; 45(3):498-509. PMID: 21169555; PMCID: PMC3175581.
      13. Patton JS, Brain JD, Davies LA, Fiegel J, Gumbleton M, Kim K, Sakagami M, Vanbever R, Ehrhardt C. The particle has landed--characterizing the fate of inhaled pharmaceuticals. J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv. 2010 Dec; 23 Suppl 2:S71-87. PMID: 21133802.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Kim YH, Fazlollahi F, Kennedy IM, Yacobi NR, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim K, Crandall ED. Alveolar epithelial cell injury due to zinc oxide nanoparticle exposure. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Dec 01; 182(11):1398-409. PMID: 20639441; PMCID: PMC3029930.
      15. Yacobi NR, Malmstadt N, Fazlollahi F, DeMaio L, Marchelletta R, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim K, Crandall ED. Mechanisms of alveolar epithelial translocation of a defined population of nanoparticles. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2010 May; 42(5):604-14. PMID: 19574531; PMCID: PMC2874446.
      16. Demaio L, Tseng W, Balverde Z, Alvarez JR, Kim K, Kelley DG, Senior RM, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Characterization of mouse alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Jun; 296(6):L1051-8. PMID: 19329539; PMCID: PMC2692796.
      17. Patel LN, Wang J, Kim K, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Shen WC. Conjugation with cationic cell-penetrating peptide increases pulmonary absorption of insulin. Mol Pharm. 2009 Mar-Apr; 6(2):492-503. PMID: 19228019; PMCID: PMC2798810.
      18. Chen JL, Lin HH, Kim K, Lin A, Ou JH, Ann DK. PKC delta signaling: a dual role in regulating hypoxic stress-induced autophagy and apoptosis. Autophagy. 2009 Feb; 5(2):244-6. PMID: 19098423; PMCID: PMC2743529.
      19. Chen JL, Lin HH, Kim K, Lin A, Forman HJ, Ann DK. Novel roles for protein kinase Cdelta-dependent signaling pathways in acute hypoxic stress-induced autophagy. J Biol Chem. 2008 Dec 05; 283(49):34432-44. PMID: 18836180; PMCID: PMC2590682.
      20. Patel LN, Uchiyama T, Kim K, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Shen WC, Lee VH. Molecular and functional expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein-1 in primary cultured rat alveolar epithelial cells. J Pharm Sci. 2008 Jun; 97(6):2340-9. PMID: 17854063.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Yacobi NR, Demaio L, Xie J, Hamm-Alvarez SF, Borok Z, Kim K, Crandall ED. Polystyrene nanoparticle trafficking across alveolar epithelium. Nanomedicine. 2008 Jun; 4(2):139-45. PMID: 18375191.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Uchiyama T, Fujita T, Gukasyan HJ, Kim K, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Lee VH. Functional characterization and cloning of amino acid transporter B(0,+) (ATB(0,+)) in primary cultured rat pneumocytes. J Cell Physiol. 2008 Mar; 214(3):645-54. PMID: 17960566.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Bahhady R, Kim K, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Shen WC. Characterization of protein factor(s) in rat bronchoalveolar lavage fluid that enhance insulin transport via transcytosis across primary rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2008 Aug; 69(3):808-16. PMID: 18406118; PMCID: PMC3638983.
      24. Gukasyan HJ, Kim K, Lee VH, Kannan R. Glutathione and its transporters in ocular surface defense. Ocul Surf. 2007 Oct; 5(4):269-79. PMID: 17938837.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Qiao R, Yan W, Clavijo C, Mehrian-Shai R, Zhong Q, Kim K, Ann D, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Effects of KGF on alveolar epithelial cell transdifferentiation are mediated by JNK signaling. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2008 Feb; 38(2):239-46. PMID: 17872496; PMCID: PMC2214671.
      26. Van Driessche W, Kreindler JL, Malik AB, Margulies S, Lewis SA, Kim K. Interrelations/cross talk between transcellular transport function and paracellular tight junctional properties in lung epithelial and endothelial barriers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2007 Sep; 293(3):L520-4. PMID: 17601795.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Caplanusi A, Kim K, Lariviere E, Van Driessche W, Jans D. Swelling-activated K+ efflux and regulatory volume decrease efficiency in human bronchial epithelial cells. J Membr Biol. 2006; 214(1):33-41. PMID: 17546511.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Clavijo C, Chen JL, Kim K, Reyland ME, Ann DK. Protein kinase Cdelta-dependent and -independent signaling in genotoxic response to treatment of desferroxamine, a hypoxia-mimetic agent. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2007 Jun; 292(6):C2150-60. PMID: 17563398.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Yacobi NR, Phuleria HC, Demaio L, Liang CH, Peng CA, Sioutas C, Borok Z, Kim K, Crandall ED. Nanoparticle effects on rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayer barrier properties. Toxicol In Vitro. 2007 Dec; 21(8):1373-81. PMID: 17555923; PMCID: PMC3855017.
      30. Bahhady R, Kim K, Borok Z, Crandall ED, Shen WC. Enhancement of insulin transport across primary rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers by endogenous cellular factor(s). Pharm Res. 2007 Sep; 24(9):1713-9. PMID: 17443400.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Becker U, Ehrhardt C, Daum N, Baldes C, Schaefer UF, Ruprecht KW, Kim K, Lehr CM. Expression of ABC-transporters in human corneal tissue and the transformed cell line, HCE-T. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Apr; 23(2):172-81. PMID: 17444805.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Flodby P, Zhou B, Ann DK, Kim K, Minoo P, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Conserved elements within first intron of aquaporin-5 (Aqp5) function as transcriptional enhancers. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Apr 27; 356(1):26-31. PMID: 17339032; PMCID: PMC2366028.
      33. Zhou B, Ann DK, Li X, Kim K, Lin H, Minoo P, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Hypertonic induction of aquaporin-5: novel role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2007 Apr; 292(4):C1280-90. PMID: 17108010.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Gukasyan HJ, Lee VH, Simityan H, Kim K, Kannan R. Thermodynamic stoichiometry of Na+-coupled glutathione transport. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2006 Nov; 84(11):1223-7. PMID: 17218987.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Nguyen HV, Chen JL, Zhong J, Kim K, Crandall ED, Borok Z, Chen Y, Ann DK. SUMOylation attenuates sensitivity toward hypoxia- or desferroxamine-induced injury by modulating adaptive responses in salivary epithelial cells. Am J Pathol. 2006 May; 168(5):1452-63. PMID: 16651613; PMCID: PMC1606580.
      36. Bur M, Huwer H, Lehr CM, Hagen N, Guldbrandt M, Kim K, Ehrhardt C. Assessment of transport rates of proteins and peptides across primary human alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Eur J Pharm Sci. 2006 Jun; 28(3):196-203. PMID: 16533597.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Angelow S, Kim K, Yu AS. Claudin-8 modulates paracellular permeability to acidic and basic ions in MDCK II cells. J Physiol. 2006 Feb 15; 571(Pt 1):15-26. PMID: 16322055; PMCID: PMC1805644.
      38. Ehrhardt C, Collnot EM, Baldes C, Becker U, Laue M, Kim K, Lehr CM. Towards an in vitro model of cystic fibrosis small airway epithelium: characterisation of the human bronchial epithelial cell line CFBE41o-. Cell Tissue Res. 2006 Mar; 323(3):405-15. PMID: 16249874.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Mathias NR, Wu SK, Kim K, Lee VH. Nucleoside transport in primary cultured rabbit tracheal epithelial cells. J Drug Target. 2005 Sep-Nov; 13(8-9):509-19. PMID: 16332576.
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      40. Wu SK, Ann DK, Kim K, Lee VH. Fine tuning of rabbit equilibrative nucleoside transporter activity by an alternatively spliced variant. J Drug Target. 2005 Sep-Nov; 13(8-9):521-33. PMID: 16332577.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Wu SK, Mathias NR, Kim K, Lee VH. Functional and pharmacological mechanisms of nucleoside transport across the basolateral membrane of rabbit tracheal epithelial cells. Life Sci. 2005 Dec 05; 78(3):310-20. PMID: 16111717.
        View in: PubMed
      42. Hosoya K, Lee VH, Kim K. Roles of the conjunctiva in ocular drug delivery: a review of conjunctival transport mechanisms and their regulation. Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2005 Jul; 60(2):227-40. PMID: 15939235.
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      43. Becker U, Ehrhardt C, Schaefer UF, Gukasyan HJ, Kim K, Lee VH, Lehr CM. Tissue distribution of moxaverine-hydrochloride in the rabbit eye and plasma. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2005 Jun; 21(3):210-6. PMID: 15969638.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Bourke S, Mason HS, Borok Z, Kim K, Crandall ED, Kemp PJ. Development of a lung slice preparation for recording ion channel activity in alveolar epithelial type I cells. Respir Res. 2005 Apr 27; 6:40. PMID: 15857506; PMCID: PMC1131928.
      45. Chau CH, Clavijo CA, Deng HT, Zhang Q, Kim K, Qiu Y, Le AD, Ann DK. Etk/Bmx mediates expression of stress-induced adaptive genes VEGF, PAI-1, and iNOS via multiple signaling cascades in different cell systems. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2005 Aug; 289(2):C444-54. PMID: 15788485.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Ehrhardt C, Kneuer C, Bies C, Lehr CM, Kim K, Bakowsky U. Salbutamol is actively absorbed across human bronchial epithelial cell layers. Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2005; 18(3):165-70. PMID: 15707849.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Chang-Lin JE, Kim K, Lee VH. Characterization of active ion transport across primary rabbit corneal epithelial cell layers (RCrECL) cultured at an air-interface. Exp Eye Res. 2005 Jun; 80(6):827-36. PMID: 15939039.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Ehrhardt C, Kim K, Lehr CM. Isolation and culture of human alveolar epithelial cells. Methods Mol Med. 2005; 107:207-16. PMID: 15492374.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Chen SP, Zhou B, Willis BC, Sandoval AJ, Liebler JM, Kim K, Ann DK, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Effects of transdifferentiation and EGF on claudin isoform expression in alveolar epithelial cells. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Jan; 98(1):322-8. PMID: 15361518.
        View in: PubMed
      50. Kemp PJ, Kim K. Spectrum of ion channels in alveolar epithelial cells: implications for alveolar fluid balance. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2004 Sep; 287(3):L460-4. PMID: 15308494.
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      51. Kang DG, Oh H, Sohn EJ, Hur TY, Lee KC, Kim K, Kim TY, Lee HS. Lithospermic acid B isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza ameliorates ischemia/reperfusion-induced renal injury in rats. Life Sci. 2004 Aug 27; 75(15):1801-16. PMID: 15302225.
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      52. Kim K, Borok Z, Ehrhardt C, Willis BC, Lehr CM, Crandall ED. Estimation of paracellular conductance of primary rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005 Jan; 98(1):138-43. PMID: 15273240.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Kannan R, Gukasyan HJ, Zhang W, Trousdale MD, Kim K, Lee VH. Impairment of conjunctival glutathione secretion and ion transport by oxidative stress in an adenovirus type 5 ocular infection model of pigmented rabbits. Free Radic Biol Med. 2004 Jul 15; 37(2):229-38. PMID: 15203194.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Liebler JM, Borok Z, Li X, Zhou B, Sandoval AJ, Kim K, Crandall ED. Alveolar epithelial type I cells express beta2-adrenergic receptors and G-protein receptor kinase 2. J Histochem Cytochem. 2004 Jun; 52(6):759-67. PMID: 15150284.
        View in: PubMed
      55. Kim K, Fandy TE, Lee VH, Ann DK, Borok Z, Crandall ED. Net absorption of IgG via FcRn-mediated transcytosis across rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2004 Sep; 287(3):L616-22. PMID: 15169676.
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      56. Qiao R, Zhou B, Harboe-Schmidt E, Kasahara N, Kim K, Liebler JM, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Subunit-specific coordinate upregulation of sodium pump activity in alveolar epithelial cells by lentivirus-mediated gene transfer. Hum Gene Ther. 2004 May; 15(5):457-68. PMID: 15144576.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Qaddoumi MG, Gukasyan HJ, Davda J, Labhasetwar V, Kim K, Lee VH. Clathrin and caveolin-1 expression in primary pigmented rabbit conjunctival epithelial cells: role in PLGA nanoparticle endocytosis. Mol Vis. 2003 Oct 15; 9:559-68. PMID: 14566223.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Gukasyan HJ, Kim K, Kannan R, Farley RA, Lee VH. Specialized protective role of mucosal glutathione in pigmented rabbit conjunctiva. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Oct; 44(10):4427-38. PMID: 14507889.
        View in: PubMed
      59. Widera A, Kim K, Crandall ED, Shen WC. Transcytosis of GCSF-transferrin across rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Pharm Res. 2003 Aug; 20(8):1231-8. PMID: 12948021.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Willis BC, Kim K, Li X, Liebler J, Crandall ED, Borok Z. Modulation of ion conductance and active transport by TGF-beta 1 in alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Dec; 285(6):L1192-200. PMID: 12730080.
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      61. Ehrhardt C, Kneuer C, Laue M, Schaefer UF, Kim K, Lehr CM. 16HBE14o- human bronchial epithelial cell layers express P-glycoprotein, lung resistance-related protein, and caveolin-1. Pharm Res. 2003 Apr; 20(4):545-51. PMID: 12739760.
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      62. Kulkarni AA, Trousdale MD, Stevenson D, Gukasyan HJ, Shiue MH, Kim K, Read RW, Lee VH. Nucleotide-induced restoration of conjunctival chloride and fluid secretion in adenovirus type 5-infected pigmented rabbit eyes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Jun; 305(3):1206-11. PMID: 12649304.
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      63. Gukasyan HJ, Kannan R, Lee VH, Kim K. Regulation of L-cystine transport and intracellular GSH level by a nitric oxide donor in primary cultured rabbit conjunctival epithelial cell layers. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003 Mar; 44(3):1202-10. PMID: 12601050.
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      64. Kim K, Malik AB. Protein transport across the lung epithelial barrier. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Feb; 284(2):L247-59. PMID: 12533309.
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      65. Chau CH, Chen KY, Deng HT, Kim K, Hosoya K, Terasaki T, Shih HM, Ann DK. Coordinating Etk/Bmx activation and VEGF upregulation to promote cell survival and proliferation. Oncogene. 2002 Dec 12; 21(57):8817-29. PMID: 12483534.
        View in: PubMed
      66. Kim K, Matsukawa Y, Yamahara H, Kalra VK, Lee VH, Crandall ED. Absorption of intact albumin across rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Mar; 284(3):L458-65. PMID: 12573985.
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      67. Shiue MH, Gukasyan HJ, Kim K, Loo DD, Lee VH. Characterization of cyclic AMP-regulated chloride conductance in the pigmented rabbit conjunctival epithelial cells. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2002 Jun; 80(6):533-40. PMID: 12117302.
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      68. Ehrhardt C, Kneuer C, Fiegel J, Hanes J, Schaefer UF, Kim K, Lehr CM. Influence of apical fluid volume on the development of functional intercellular junctions in the human epithelial cell line 16HBE14o-: implications for the use of this cell line as an in vitro model for bronchial drug absorption studies. Cell Tissue Res. 2002 Jun; 308(3):391-400. PMID: 12107432.
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      69. Mairbäurl H, Mayer K, Kim K, Borok Z, Bärtsch P, Crandall ED. Hypoxia decreases active Na transport across primary rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2002 Apr; 282(4):L659-65. PMID: 11880290.
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      70. Borok Z, Liebler JM, Lubman RL, Foster MJ, Zhou B, Li X, Zabski SM, Kim K, Crandall ED. Na transport proteins are expressed by rat alveolar epithelial type I cells. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2002 Apr; 282(4):L599-608. PMID: 11880284.
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      71. Gukasyan HJ, Lee VH, Kim K, Kannan R. Net glutathione secretion across primary cultured rabbit conjunctival epithelial cell layers. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002 Apr; 43(4):1154-61. PMID: 11923260.
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