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    John S Brekke, PhD

    TitleFrances G. Larson Professor of Social Work Research, Professor of Social Work
    SchoolSchool of Social Work
    DepartmentSocial Work
    AddressMRF 311
    University Park Campus
    Los Angeles California 90089-0411
    Phone+1 213 740 0297
    vCardDownload vCard

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      Dr. John Brekke joined the University of Southern California (USC) School of Social Work faculty in 1984. Prior to assuming an academic appointment, Dr. Brekke had a number of clinical positions working with persons diagnosed with severe and persistent mental illness in inpatient and outpatient settings.

      Since 1989, Dr. Brekke has been the principal investigator on five longitudinal studies funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, one funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and he received a mid-career K-Award from NIMH. His work focuses on the improvement of community-based services for individuals diagnosed with severe mental illness and on developing biosocial models for enhancing treatment effectiveness.

      Dr. Brekke is the associate dean of research at the USC School of Social Work. He is the past director of the Hamovitch Center for Science in the Human Services, and in 2001 was installed as the Frances Larson Professor of Social Work Research. He does extensive grant reviewing for federal agencies and was a standing member of the Services Research Scientific Merit Review Committee at NIMH for six years.

      He publishes in the most highly ranked journals in social work, psychology, and psychiatry. In 1994, Dr. Brekke received the “Armin Loeb Achievement in Research Award” from the International Association of Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services; in 1999, he received the “Excellence in Research Award” from the Society for Social Work and Research; and in 2010, he received an Investigator Award in Health Policy Research from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.


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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Pahwa R, Fulginiti A, Brekke J, Rice E. Mental Illness Disclosure Decision Making. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2017 Apr 10. PMID: 28394157.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Starks SL, Arns PG, Padwa H, Friedman JR, Marrow J, Meldrum ML, Bromley E, Kelly EL, Brekke J, Braslow JT. System Transformation Under the California Mental Health Services Act: Implementation of Full-Service Partnerships in L.A. County. Psychiatr Serv. 2017 Jun 01; 68(6):587-595. PMID: 28142386.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Cohen AN, Hamilton AB, Saks ER, Glover DL, Glynn SM, Brekke J, Marder SR. How Occupationally High-Achieving Individuals With a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia Manage Their Symptoms. Psychiatr Serv. 2017 Apr 01; 68(4):324-329. PMID: 27842472.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Kelly E, Duan L, Cohen H, Kiger H, Pancake L, Brekke J. Integrating behavioral healthcare for individuals with serious mental illness: A randomized controlled trial of a peer health navigator intervention. Schizophr Res. 2017 Apr; 182:135-141. PMID: 27793514.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Kelly EL, Fenwick K, Brekke J, Novaco RW. Well-Being and Safety Among Inpatient Psychiatric Staff: The Impact of Conflict, Assault, and Stress Reactivity. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Sep; 43(5):703-16. PMID: 26377816; PMCID: PMC4794422 [Available on 09/01/17].
      6. Meldrum ML, Kelly EL, Calderon R, Brekke J, Braslow JT. Implementation Status of Assisted Outpatient Treatment Programs: A National Survey. Psychiatr Serv. 2016 Jun 01; 67(6):630-5. PMID: 26828396.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Kelly EL, Davis L, Brekke J. PBRN Findings: Integrated Care for Individuals With Serious Mental Illnesses. Psychiatr Serv. 2015 Nov; 66(11):1253. PMID: 26522802.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Fulginiti A, Pahwa R, Frey LM, Rice E, Brekke J. What Factors Influence the Decision to Share Suicidal Thoughts? A Multilevel Social Network Analysis of Disclosure Among Individuals with Serious Mental Illness. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2016 Aug; 46(4):398-412. PMID: 26511676.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Lim C, Barrio C, Hernandez M, Barragán A, Yamada AM, Brekke J. Remission of symptoms in community-based psychosocial rehabilitation services for individuals with schizophrenia. Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2016 Mar; 39(1):42-6. PMID: 26280709.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Kelly EL, Kiger H, Gaba R, Pancake L, Pilon D, Murch L, Knox L, Meyer M, Brekke J. The Recovery-Oriented Care Collaborative: A Practice-Based Research Network to Improve Care for People With Serious Mental Illnesses. Psychiatr Serv. 2015 Nov; 66(11):1132-4. PMID: 26130004; PMCID: PMC4630081 [Available on 11/01/16].
      11. Fulginiti A, Brekke J. Escape from Discrepancy: Self-Esteem and Quality of Life as Predictors of Current Suicidal Ideation Among Individuals with Schizophrenia. Community Ment Health J. 2015 Aug; 51(6):654-62. PMID: 25682283.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Kelly EL, Subica AM, Fulginiti A, Brekke J, Novaco RW. A cross-sectional survey of factors related to inpatient assault of staff in a forensic psychiatric hospital. J Adv Nurs. 2015 May; 71(5):1110-22. PMID: 25546118.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Kelly EL, Fenwick KM, Barr N, Cohen H, Brekke J. A systematic review of self-management health care models for individuals with serious mental illnesses. Psychiatr Serv. 2014 Nov 01; 65(11):1300-10. PMID: 25023057; PMCID: PMC4433309.
      14. Pahwa R, Bromley E, Brekke B, Gabrielian S, Braslow JT, Brekke J. Relationship of community integration of persons with severe mental illness and mental health service intensity. Psychiatr Serv. 2014 Jun 01; 65(6):822-5. PMID: 24733579.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Davis L, Brekke J. Social networks and arrest among persons with severe mental illness: an exploratory analysis. Psychiatr Serv. 2013 Dec 01; 64(12):1274-7. PMID: 24292734.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Davis L, Brekke J. Social support and functional outcome in severe mental illness: the mediating role of proactive coping. Psychiatry Res. 2014 Jan 30; 215(1):39-45. PMID: 24113124.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Bromley E, Gabrielian S, Brekke B, Pahwa R, Daly KA, Brekke J, Braslow JT. Experiencing community: perspectives of individuals diagnosed as having serious mental illness. Psychiatr Serv. 2013 Jul 01; 64(7):672-9. PMID: 23545784; PMCID: PMC3826257.
      18. Kelly E, Fulginiti A, Pahwa R, Tallen L, Duan L, Brekke J. A pilot test of a peer navigator intervention for improving the health of individuals with serious mental illness. Community Ment Health J. 2014 May; 50(4):435-46. PMID: 23744292.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Davis L, Fulginiti A, Kriegel L, Brekke J. Deinstitutionalization? Where have all the people gone? Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2012 Jun; 14(3):259-69. PMID: 22527873.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Edmondson M, Pahwa R, Lee KK, Hoe M, Brekke J. A dual change model of life satisfaction and functioning for individuals with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2012 Aug; 139(1-3):110-5. PMID: 22591780; PMCID: PMC3608427.
      21. Hoe M, Nakagami E, Green MF, Brekke J. The causal relationships between neurocognition, social cognition and functional outcome over time in schizophrenia: a latent difference score approach. Psychol Med. 2012 Nov; 42(11):2287-99. PMID: 22475159.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Davis L, Kurzban S, Brekke J. Self-esteem as a mediator of the relationship between role functioning and symptoms for individuals with severe mental illness: a prospective analysis of Modified Labeling theory. Schizophr Res. 2012 May; 137(1-3):185-9. PMID: 22377104.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Bromley E, Adams GF, Brekke J. A video ethnography approach for linking naturalistic behaviors to research constructs of neurocognition in schizophrenia. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2012; 24(2):125-40. PMID: 22772661; PMCID: PMC4699689.
      24. Bromley E, Mikesell L, Mates A, Smith M, Brekke J. A video ethnography approach to assessing the ecological validity of neurocognitive and functional measures in severe mental illness: results from a feasibility study. Schizophr Bull. 2012 Sep; 38(5):981-91. PMID: 21402723; PMCID: PMC3446220.
      25. Guada J, Hoe M, Floyd R, Barbour J, Brekke J. How family factors impact psychosocial functioning for African American consumers with schizophrenia. Community Ment Health J. 2012 Feb; 48(1):45-55. PMID: 21170737.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Guada J, Hoe M, Floyd R, Barbour J, Brekke J. The importance of consumer perceived criticism on clinical outcomes for outpatient African Americans with schizophrenia. Community Ment Health J. 2011 Dec; 47(6):637-45. PMID: 21132563.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Kurzban S, Davis L, Brekke J. Vocational, social, and cognitive rehabilitation for individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia: a review of recent research and trends. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2010 Aug; 12(4):345-55. PMID: 20574811.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Medalia A, Brekke J. In search of a theoretical structure for understanding motivation in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2010 Sep; 36(5):912-8. PMID: 20595203; PMCID: PMC2930333.
      29. Nakagami E, Hoe M, Brekke J. The prospective relationships among intrinsic motivation, neurocognition, and psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2010 Sep; 36(5):935-48. PMID: 20462998; PMCID: PMC2930331.
      30. Bromley E, Brekke J. Assessing function and functional outcome in schizophrenia. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2010; 4:3-21. PMID: 21312395.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Yamada AM, Lee KK, Dinh TQ, Barrio C, Brekke J. Intrinsic motivation as a mediator of relationships between symptoms and functioning among individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders in a diverse urban community. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010 Jan; 198(1):28-34. PMID: 20061866; PMCID: PMC2946838.
      32. Brekke J, Hoe M, Green MF. Neurocognitive change, functional change and service intensity during community-based psychosocial rehabilitation for schizophrenia. Psychol Med. 2009 Oct; 39(10):1637-47. PMID: 19243648.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Gioia D, Brekke J. Neurocognition, ecological validity, and daily living in the community for individuals with schizophrenia: a mixed methods study. Psychiatry. 2009; 72(1):94-107. PMID: 19366297.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Guada J, Brekke J, Floyd R, Barbour J. The relationships among perceived criticism, family contact, and consumer clinical and psychosocial functioning for African-American consumers with schizophrenia. Community Ment Health J. 2009 Apr; 45(2):106-16. PMID: 18841474.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Nakagami E, Xie B, Hoe M, Brekke J. Intrinsic motivation, neurocognition and psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia: testing mediator and moderator effects. Schizophr Res. 2008 Oct; 105(1-3):95-104. PMID: 18715756.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Yamada AM, Brekke J. Addressing mental health disparities through clinical competence not just cultural competence: the need for assessment of sociocultural issues in the delivery of evidence-based psychosocial rehabilitation services. Clin Psychol Rev. 2008 Dec; 28(8):1386-99. PMID: 18778881; PMCID: PMC2659411.
      37. Long JD, Harring JR, Brekke J, Test MA, Greenberg J. Longitudinal construct validity of Brief Symptom Inventory subscales in schizophrenia. Psychol Assess. 2007 Sep; 19(3):298-308. PMID: 17845121.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Brekke J, Hoe M, Long J, Green MF. How neurocognition and social cognition influence functional change during community-based psychosocial rehabilitation for individuals with schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2007 Sep; 33(5):1247-56. PMID: 17255120; PMCID: PMC2632359.
      39. Peer JE, Kupper Z, Long JD, Brekke J, Spaulding WD. Identifying mechanisms of treatment effects and recovery in rehabilitation of schizophrenia: longitudinal analytic methods. Clin Psychol Rev. 2007 Jul; 27(6):696-714. PMID: 17343964.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Brekke J, Nakagami E, Kee KS, Green MF. Cross-ethnic differences in perception of emotion in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2005 Sep 15; 77(2-3):289-98. PMID: 15923111.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Brekke J, Kay DD, Lee KS, Green MF. Biosocial pathways to functional outcome in schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2005 Dec 15; 80(2-3):213-25. PMID: 16137859.
        View in: PubMed
      42. Test MA, Greenberg JS, Long JD, Brekke J, Burke SS. Construct validity of a measure of subjective satisfaction with life of adults with serious mental illness. Psychiatr Serv. 2005 Mar; 56(3):292-300. PMID: 15746503.
        View in: PubMed
      43. McKibbin CL, Brekke J, Sires D, Jeste DV, Patterson TL. Direct assessment of functional abilities: relevance to persons with schizophrenia. Schizophr Res. 2004 Dec 15; 72(1):53-67. PMID: 15531407.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Bae SW, Brekke J, Bola JR. Ethnicity and treatment outcome variation in schizophrenia: a longitudinal study of community-based psychosocial rehabilitation interventions. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2004 Sep; 192(9):623-8. PMID: 15348979.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Gioia D, Brekke J. Rehab rounds: use of the Americans with Disabilities Act by young adults with schizophrenia. Psychiatr Serv. 2003 Mar; 54(3):302-4. PMID: 12610236.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Bae SW, Brekke J. The measurement of self-esteem among Korean Americans: a cross-ethnic study. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. 2003 Feb; 9(1):16-33. PMID: 12647323.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Gioia D, Brekke J. Knowledge and use of workplace accommodations and protections by young adults with schizophrenia: a mixed method study. Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2003; 27(1):59-68. PMID: 12967233.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Kee KS, Green MF, Mintz J, Brekke J. Is emotion processing a predictor of functional outcome in schizophrenia? Schizophr Bull. 2003; 29(3):487-97. PMID: 14609242.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Brekke J, Long JD, Kay DD. The structure and invariance of a model of social functioning in schizophrenia. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2002 Feb; 190(2):63-72. PMID: 11889358.
        View in: PubMed
      50. Bae SW, Brekke J. Characteristics of Korean-Americans with schizophrenia: a cross-ethnic comparison with African-Americans, Latinos, and Euro-Americans. Schizophr Bull. 2002; 28(4):703-17. PMID: 12795500.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Brekke J, Prindle C, Bae SW, Long JD. Risks for individuals with schizophrenia who are living in the community. Psychiatr Serv. 2001 Oct; 52(10):1358-66. PMID: 11585953.
        View in: PubMed
      52. Brekke J, Kohrt B, Green MF. Neuropsychological functioning as a moderator of the relationship between psychosocial functioning and the subjective experience of self and life in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2001; 27(4):697-708. PMID: 11824495.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Brekke J, Long JD. Community-based psychosocial rehabilitation and prospective change in functional, clinical, and subjective experience variables in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 2000; 26(3):667-80. PMID: 10993405.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Bradshaw W, Brekke J. Subjective experience in schizophrenia: factors influencing self-esteem, satisfaction with life, and subjective distress. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1999 Apr; 69(2):254-60. PMID: 10234391.
        View in: PubMed
      55. Brekke J, Ansel M, Long J, Slade E, Weinstein M. Intensity and continuity of services and functional outcomes in the rehabilitation of persons with schizophrenia. Psychiatr Serv. 1999 Feb; 50(2):248-56. PMID: 10030485.
        View in: PubMed
      56. Brekke J, Long JD, Nesbitt N, Sobel E. The impact of service characteristics on functional outcomes from community support programs for persons with schizophrenia: a growth curve analysis. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1997 Jun; 65(3):464-75. PMID: 9170770.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Brekke J, Barrio C. Cross-ethnic symptom differences in schizophrenia: the influence of culture and minority status. Schizophr Bull. 1997; 23(2):305-16. PMID: 9165639.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Brekke J, Raine A, Ansel M, Lencz T, Bird L. Neuropsychological and psychophysiological correlates of psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 1997; 23(1):19-28. PMID: 9050110.
        View in: PubMed
      59. Brekke J, Mathiesen SG. Effects of parental involvement on the functioning of noninstitutionalized adults with schizophrenia. Psychiatr Serv. 1995 Nov; 46(11):1149-55. PMID: 8564504.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Brekke J, Raine A, Thomson C. Cognitive and psychophysiological correlates of positive, negative, and disorganized symptoms in the schizophrenia spectrum. Psychiatry Res. 1995 Aug 28; 57(3):241-50. PMID: 7501734.
        View in: PubMed
      61. Brekke J, DeBonis JA, Graham JW. A latent structure analysis of the positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Compr Psychiatry. 1994 Jul-Aug; 35(4):252-9. PMID: 7956180.
        View in: PubMed
      62. Levin S, Brekke J. Factors related to integrating persons with chronic mental illness into a peer social milieu. Community Ment Health J. 1993 Feb; 29(1):25-34. PMID: 8448976.
        View in: PubMed
      63. Brekke J, Levin S, Wolkon GH, Sobel E, Slade E. Psychosocial functioning and subjective experience in schizophrenia. Schizophr Bull. 1993; 19(3):599-608. PMID: 8235461.
        View in: PubMed
      64. Brekke J, Test MA. A model for measuring the implementation of community support programs: results from three sites. Community Ment Health J. 1992 Jun; 28(3):227-47. PMID: 1611865.
        View in: PubMed
      65. Brekke J. An examination of the relationships among three outcome scales in schizophrenia. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1992 Mar; 180(3):162-7. PMID: 1588333.
        View in: PubMed
      66. Levin S, Brekke J, Thomas P. A controlled comparison of involuntarily hospitalized medication refusers and acceptors. Bull Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 1991; 19(2):161-71. PMID: 1873571.
        View in: PubMed
      67. Brekke J, Aisley RA. The Client Interaction Scale. A method for assessing community support programs for persons with chronic mental illness. Eval Health Prof. 1990 Jun; 13(2):215-26. PMID: 10105458.
        View in: PubMed
      68. Brekke J. What do we really know about community support programs? Strategies for better monitoring. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1988 Sep; 39(9):946-52. PMID: 2850994.
        View in: PubMed