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    Florence Clark, BA, MS, PhD

    TitleProfessor of Occupational Therapy and Occupational Sciences
    SchoolHerman Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC
    DepartmentOccupational Science and Occupational Therapy
    AddressCHP 133
    Health Sciences Campus
    Los Angeles California 90089-9003
    Phone+1 323 442 2875
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      Florence Clark is a widely published and noted scholar. She earned her BA degree in English from the State University of New York at Albany, her MS degree in Occupational Therapy from the State University of New York at Buffalo, and her PhD degree in Education from the University of Southern California, focusing in the areas of psychometrics and special education. She has been awarded honorary doctorate degrees from the University of Indianapolis and from The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn. Appointed as a charter member of the Academy of Research of the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA), she has served as special consultant to the United States Army Surgeon General, been on the board of the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, and been the recipient of an Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lectureship, the occupational therapy profession's highest academic honor. In 1999, AOTA honored her with its Award of Merit and in 2001 she received a lifetime achievement award from the Occupational Therapy Association of California. In 2004, she received the Presidential Medallion from President Steven Sample of the University of Southern California, the ultimate honor for those who have brought honor and distinction upon USC. She held elected national office as AOTA Vice President from 2007-2010, and as AOTA President from 2010-2013.


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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Carlson M, Vigen CL, Rubayi S, Blanche EI, Blanchard J, Atkins M, Bates-Jensen B, Garber SL, Pyatak EA, Diaz J, Florindez LI, Hay JW, Mallinson T, Unger JB, Azen SP, Scott M, Cogan A, Clark F. Lifestyle intervention for adults with spinal cord injury: Results of the USC-RLANRC Pressure Ulcer Prevention Study. J Spinal Cord Med. 2017 Apr 17; 1-18. PMID: 28414254.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Fogelberg DJ, Leland NE, Blanchard J, Rich TJ, Clark F. Qualitative Experience of Sleep in Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury. OTJR (Thorofare N J). 2017 Apr; 37(2):89-97. PMID: 28196449.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Juang C, Knight BG, Carlson M, Schepens Niemiec SL, Vigen C, Clark F. Understanding the Mechanisms of Change in a Lifestyle Intervention for Older Adults. Gerontologist. 2017 Jan 24. PMID: 28329863.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Cogan AM, Blanchard J, Garber SL, Vigen CL, Carlson M, Clark F. Systematic review of behavioral and educational interventions to prevent pressure ulcers in adults with spinal cord injury. Clin Rehabil. 2017 Jul; 31(7):871-880. PMID: 27440806.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Leland NE, Fogelberg D, Sleight A, Mallinson T, Vigen C, Blanchard J, Carlson M, Clark F. Napping and Nighttime Sleep: Findings From an Occupation-Based Intervention. Am J Occup Ther. 2016 Jul-Aug; 70(4):7004270010p1-7. PMID: 27294991; PMCID: PMC4904495.
      6. Fogelberg DJ, Powell JM, Clark F. The role of habit in recurrent pressure ulcers following spinal cord injury. Scand J Occup Ther. 2016 Nov; 23(6):467-76. PMID: 26763555.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Schepens Niemiec SL, Carlson M, Martínez J, Guzmán L, Mahajan A, Clark F. Developing Occupation-Based Preventive Programs for Late-Middle-Aged Latino Patients in Safety-Net Health Systems. Am J Occup Ther. 2015 Nov-Dec; 69(6):6906240010. PMID: 26565102.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Ghaisas S, Pyatak EA, Blanche E, Blanchard J, Clark F. Lifestyle changes and pressure ulcer prevention in adults with spinal cord injury in the pressure ulcer prevention study lifestyle intervention. Am J Occup Ther. 2015 Jan-Feb; 69(1):6901290020p1-10. PMID: 25553751; PMCID: PMC4281707.
      9. Mallinson T, Schepens Niemiec SL, Carlson M, Leland N, Vigen C, Blanchard J, Clark F. Development and validation of the activity significance personal evaluation (ASPEn) scale. Aust Occup Ther J. 2014 Dec; 61(6):384-93. PMID: 25284289; PMCID: PMC4441520.
      10. Clark F, Pyatak EA, Carlson M, Blanche EI, Vigen C, Hay J, Mallinson T, Blanchard J, Unger JB, Garber SL, Diaz J, Florindez LI, Atkins M, Rubayi S, Azen SP. Implementing trials of complex interventions in community settings: the USC-Rancho Los Amigos pressure ulcer prevention study (PUPS). Clin Trials. 2014 Apr; 11(2):218-29. PMID: 24577972; PMCID: PMC3972348.
      11. Wilcox RR, Granger DA, Szanton S, Clark F. Diurnal patterns and associations among salivary cortisol, DHEA and alpha-amylase in older adults. Physiol Behav. 2014 Apr 22; 129:11-6. PMID: 24568897; PMCID: PMC4041594.
      12. Wilcox RR, Granger DA, Szanton S, Clark F. Cortisol diurnal patterns, associations with depressive symptoms, and the impact of intervention in older adults: results using modern robust methods aimed at dealing with low power due to violations of standard assumptions. Horm Behav. 2014 Mar; 65(3):219-25. PMID: 24468639; PMCID: PMC3960304.
      13. Cogan AM, Blanche EI, Díaz J, Clark F, Chun S. Building a framework for implementing new interventions. OTJR (Thorofare N J). 2014; 34(4):209-20. PMID: 25347759.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Clark F. As viewed from above: connectivity and diversity in fulfilling occupational therapy's Centennial Vision. Am J Occup Ther. 2013 Nov-Dec; 67(6):624-32. PMID: 24195896.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Carlson M, Jackson J, Mandel D, Blanchard J, Holguin J, Lai MY, Marterella A, Vigen C, Gleason S, Lam C, Azen S, Clark F. Predictors of retention among African American and Hispanic older adult research participants in the Well Elderly 2 randomized controlled trial. J Appl Gerontol. 2014 Apr; 33(3):357-82. PMID: 24652865.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Clark F, Park DJ, Burke JP. Dissemination: bringing translational research to completion. Am J Occup Ther. 2013 Mar-Apr; 67(2):185-93. PMID: 23433273; PMCID: PMC3722656.
      17. Pyatak EA, Blanche EI, Garber SL, Diaz J, Blanchard J, Florindez L, Clark F. Conducting intervention research among underserved populations: lessons learned and recommendations for researchers. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2013 Jun; 94(6):1190-8. PMID: 23262157; PMCID: PMC3669234.
      18. Wilcox R, Carlson M, Azen S, Clark F. Avoid lost discoveries, because of violations of standard assumptions, by using modern robust statistical methods. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013 Mar; 66(3):319-29. PMID: 23195918.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Clark F. Beyond high definition: attitude and evidence bringing OT in HD-3D. Am J Occup Ther. 2012 Nov-Dec; 66(6):644-51. PMID: 23106985.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Chang MC, Parham LD, Blanche EI, Schell A, Chou CP, Dawson M, Clark F. Autonomic and behavioral responses of children with autism to auditory stimuli. Am J Occup Ther. 2012 Sep-Oct; 66(5):567-76. PMID: 22917123.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Clark F. High-definition occupational therapy's competitive edge: personal excellence is the key. Am J Occup Ther. 2011 Nov-Dec; 65(6):616-22. PMID: 22214105.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Blanche EI, Fogelberg D, Diaz J, Carlson M, Clark F. Manualization of occupational therapy interventions: illustrations from the pressure ulcer prevention research program. Am J Occup Ther. 2011 Nov-Dec; 65(6):711-9. PMID: 22214116; PMCID: PMC3254151.
      23. Werner JM, Carlson M, Jordan-Marsh M, Clark F. Predictors of computer use in community-dwelling, ethnically diverse older adults. Hum Factors. 2011 Oct; 53(5):431-47. PMID: 22046718; PMCID: PMC3211095.
      24. Clark F, Jackson J, Carlson M, Chou CP, Cherry BJ, Jordan-Marsh M, Knight BG, Mandel D, Blanchard J, Granger DA, Wilcox RR, Lai MY, White B, Hay J, Lam C, Marterella A, Azen SP. Effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention in promoting the well-being of independently living older people: results of the Well Elderly 2 Randomised Controlled Trial. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Sep; 66(9):782-90. PMID: 21636614; PMCID: PMC3412049.
      25. Vaishampayan A, Clark F, Carlson M, Blanche EI. Preventing pressure ulcers in people with spinal cord injury: targeting risky life circumstances through community-based interventions. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2011 Jun; 24(6):275-84; quiz 285-6. PMID: 21586911; PMCID: PMC3374501.
      26. Carlson M, Wilcox R, Chou CP, Chang M, Yang F, Blanchard J, Marterella A, Kuo A, Clark F. Psychometric properties of reverse-scored items on the CES-D in a sample of ethnically diverse older adults. Psychol Assess. 2011 Jun; 23(2):558-62. PMID: 21319906; PMCID: PMC3115428.
      27. Clark F. Power and confidence in professions: lessons for occupational therapy. Can J Occup Ther. 2010 Dec; 77(5):264-9. PMID: 21268508.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Clark F. High-definition occupational therapy: HD OT. Am J Occup Ther. 2010 Nov-Dec; 64(6):848-54. PMID: 21218675.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Jackson J, Carlson M, Rubayi S, Scott MD, Atkins MS, Blanche EI, Saunders-Newton C, Mielke S, Wolfe MK, Clark F. Qualitative study of principles pertaining to lifestyle and pressure ulcer risk in adults with spinal cord injury. Disabil Rehabil. 2010; 32(7):567-78. PMID: 20136475.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Eakman AM, Carlson ME, Clark F. The Meaningful Activity Participation Assessment: a measure of engagement in personally valued activities. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2010; 70(4):299-317. PMID: 20649161; PMCID: PMC3177298.
      31. Dunn CA, Carlson M, Jackson JM, Clark F. Response factors surrounding progression of pressure ulcers in community-residing adults with spinal cord injury. Am J Occup Ther. 2009 May-Jun; 63(3):301-9. PMID: 19522138.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Jackson J, Mandel D, Blanchard J, Carlson M, Cherry B, Azen S, Chou CP, Jordan-Marsh M, Forman T, White B, Granger D, Knight B, Clark F. Confronting challenges in intervention research with ethnically diverse older adults: the USC Well Elderly II Trial. Clin Trials. 2009 Feb; 6(1):90-101. PMID: 19254939; PMCID: PMC3073495.
      33. Fogelberg D, Atkins M, Blanche EI, Carlson M, Clark F. Decisions and Dilemmas in Everyday Life: Daily Use of Wheelchairs by Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury and the Impact on Pressure Ulcer Risk. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil. 2009; 15(2):16-32. PMID: 21603085.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Xie B, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds K, Clark F, Palmer PH, Gallaher P, Sun P, Guo Q, Johnson CA. Socio-demographic and economic correlates of overweight status in Chinese adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2007 Jul-Aug; 31(4):339-52. PMID: 17511569.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Clark F, Jackson JM, Scott MD, Carlson ME, Atkins MS, Uhles-Tanaka D, Rubayi S. Data-based models of how pressure ulcers develop in daily-living contexts of adults with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Nov; 87(11):1516-25. PMID: 17084129.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Xie B, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds K, Clark F, Palmer PH, Gallaher P, Sun P, Guo Q, Johnson CA. Weight perception, academic performance, and psychological factors in Chinese adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2006 Mar-Apr; 30(2):115-24. PMID: 16533096.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Xie B, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds K, Clark F, Palmer PH, Gallaher P, Sun P, Guo Q, Johnson CA. Weight perception and weight-related sociocultural and behavioral factors in Chinese adolescents. Prev Med. 2006 Mar; 42(3):229-34. PMID: 16458956.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Hay J, LaBree L, Luo R, Clark F, Carlson M, Mandel D, Zemke R, Jackson J, Azen SP. Cost-effectiveness of preventive occupational therapy for independent-living older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Aug; 50(8):1381-8. PMID: 12164994.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Clark F, Jackson J. The Application of the Occupational Science Negative Heuristic in the Treatment of Persons with Human Immunodeficiency Infection. Occup Ther Health Care. 1990; 6(4):69-91. PMID: 27791440.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Primeau LA, Clark F, Pierce D. Occupational Therapy Alone Has Looked Upon Occupation: Future Applications of Occupational Science to Pediatric Occupational Therapy. Occup Ther Health Care. 1990; 6(4):19-32. PMID: 27791443.
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