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    Cynthia A Bir, PhD

    TitleProfessor of Research Emergency Medicine
    SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
    DepartmentEmergency Medicine
    AddressMMR 116 1333 San Pablo Street
    Off Campus
    Los Angeles California 90033
    Phone+1 323 442 4834
    vCardDownload vCard

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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Johnson DJ, Raymond DE, Chen C, Quon M, Lis J, Choi MR, Lopez C, Han A, de Leon RD, Bir C. A Molecular Method to Detect Wound Cells in Bloodstains Resultant of Sharp Force Injuries for Crime Scene Reconstruction. J Forensic Sci. 2017 Aug 23. PMID: 28834611.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Schellenberg M, Inaba K, Cho J, Tatum JM, Barmparas G, Strumwasser A, Grabo D, Bir C, Eastman A, Demetriades D. Injuries sustained during contact with Law Enforcement: An analysis from US Trauma Centers. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Jul 08. PMID: 28697021.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Chang TP, Santillanes G, Claudius I, Pham PK, Koved J, Cheyne J, Gausche-Hill M, Kaji AH, Srinivasan S, Donofrio JJ, Bir C. Use of a Novel, Portable, LED-Based Capillary Refill Time Simulator within a Disaster Triage Context. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017 Aug; 32(4):451-456. PMID: 28345508.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Esquivel AO, Sherman SS, Bir C, Lemos SE. The Interaction of Intramuscular Ketorolac (Toradol) and Concussion in a Rat Model. Ann Biomed Eng. 2017 Jun; 45(6):1581-1588. PMID: 28194658.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Chenpanas P, Bir C. Fatal Injuries of Law Enforcement/Correctional Officers Attacked with Sharp-Edged Weapons. J Forensic Sci. 2017 May; 62(3):700-704. PMID: 27957748.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Helm T, Bir C, Chilstrom M, Claudius I. Ultrasound characteristics of bruises and their correlation to cutaneous appearance. Forensic Sci Int. 2016 Sep; 266:160-163. PMID: 27281053.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Bir C, Andrecovich C, DeMaio M, Dougherty PJ. Evaluation of bone surrogates for indirect and direct ballistic fractures. Forensic Sci Int. 2016 Apr; 261:1-7. PMID: 26867672.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Raymond DE, Bir C. A biomechanical evaluation of skull-brain surrogates to blunt high-rate impacts to postmortem human subjects. J Forensic Sci. 2015 Mar; 60(2):370-3. PMID: 25572885.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Milshteyn MA, Dwyer M, Andrecovich C, Bir C, Needleman RL. Comparison of two fixation methods for arthrodesis of the calcaneocuboid joint: a biomechanical study. Foot Ankle Int. 2015 Jan; 36(1):98-102. PMID: 25384391.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Lashof-Sullivan MM, Shoffstall E, Atkins KT, Keane N, Bir C, VandeVord P, Lavik EB. Intravenously administered nanoparticles increase survival following blast trauma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 15; 111(28):10293-8. PMID: 24982180; PMCID: PMC4104920.
      11. Stojsih SE, Baker JL, Les CM, Bir C. Review of Canine Deaths While in Service in US Civilian Law Enforcement (2002-2012). J Spec Oper Med. 2014; 14(4):86-91. PMID: 25399373.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Carron MA, Zuliani G, Pereira L, Abuhamdan M, Thibault A, Dau N, Bir C. Stability of midface fracture repair using absorbable plate and screw system pilot holes drilled and pin placement at angles other than 90°. JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2014 Jan-Feb; 16(1):42-8. PMID: 24158595.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Dal Cengio Leonardi A, Keane NJ, Hay K, Ryan AG, Bir C, VandeVord PJ. Methodology and evaluation of intracranial pressure response in rats exposed to complex shock waves. Ann Biomed Eng. 2013 Dec; 41(12):2488-500. PMID: 23904049.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Neto OP, Marzullo AC, Bolander RP, Bir C. Martial arts striking hand peak acceleration, accuracy and consistency. Eur J Sport Sci. 2013; 13(6):653-8. PMID: 24251743.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Dal Cengio Leonardi A, Keane NJ, Bir C, Ryan AG, Xu L, Vandevord PJ. Head orientation affects the intracranial pressure response resulting from shock wave loading in the rat. J Biomech. 2012 Oct 11; 45(15):2595-602. PMID: 22947434.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Chacon Y, Fallat LM, Dau N, Bir C. Biomechanical comparison of internal fixation techniques for the Akin osteotomy of the proximal phalanx. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2012 Sep-Oct; 51(5):561-5. PMID: 22819001.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Hanlon EM, Bir C. Real-time head acceleration measurement in girls' youth soccer. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Jun; 44(6):1102-8. PMID: 22592278.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Sajja VS, Galloway MP, Ghoddoussi F, Thiruthalinathan D, Kepsel A, Hay K, Bir C, VandeVord PJ. Blast-induced neurotrauma leads to neurochemical changes and neuronal degeneration in the rat hippocampus. NMR Biomed. 2012 Dec; 25(12):1331-9. PMID: 22549883.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Bir C, Resslar M, Stewart S. Skin penetration surrogate for the evaluation of less lethal kinetic energy munitions. Forensic Sci Int. 2012 Jul 10; 220(1-3):126-9. PMID: 22405483.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Jacobson NA, Morawa LG, Bir C. Epidemiology of cheerleading injuries presenting to NEISS hospitals from 2002 to 2007. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Feb; 72(2):521-6. PMID: 22327989.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Bir C, Vandevord P, Shen Y, Raza W, Haacke EM. Effects of variable blast pressures on blood flow and oxygen saturation in rat brain as evidenced using MRI. Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 May; 30(4):527-34. PMID: 22285875.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Dougherty PJ, Sherman D, Dau N, Bir C. Ballistic fractures: indirect fracture to bone. J Trauma. 2011 Nov; 71(5):1381-4. PMID: 21926649.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Neto OP, Silva JH, Marzullo AC, Bolander RP, Bir C. The effect of hand dominance on martial arts strikes. Hum Mov Sci. 2012 Aug; 31(4):824-33. PMID: 22047701; PMCID: PMC3274566.
      24. Dau N, Cavanaugh J, Bir C, Link M. Evaluation of injury criteria for the prediction of commotio cordis from lacrosse ball impacts. Stapp Car Crash J. 2011 Nov; 55:251-79. PMID: 22869311.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Vandevord PJ, Bolander R, Sajja VS, Hay K, Bir C. Mild neurotrauma indicates a range-specific pressure response to low level shock wave exposure. Ann Biomed Eng. 2012 Jan; 40(1):227-36. PMID: 21994066.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Bolander R, Mathie B, Bir C, Ritzel D, VandeVord P. Skull flexure as a contributing factor in the mechanism of injury in the rat when exposed to a shock wave. Ann Biomed Eng. 2011 Oct; 39(10):2550-9. PMID: 21735320.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Leonardi AD, Bir C, Ritzel DV, VandeVord PJ. Intracranial pressure increases during exposure to a shock wave. J Neurotrauma. 2011 Jan; 28(1):85-94. PMID: 21091267.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Hanlon E, Bir C. Validation of a wireless head acceleration measurement system for use in soccer play. J Appl Biomech. 2010 Nov; 26(4):424-31. PMID: 21245502.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Zhu F, Mao H, Dal Cengio Leonardi A, Wagner C, Chou C, Jin X, Bir C, Vandevord P, Yang KH, King AI. Development of an FE model of the rat head subjected to air shock loading. Stapp Car Crash J. 2010 Nov; 54:211-25. PMID: 21512910.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Pollard JD, Deyhim A, Rigby RB, Dau N, King C, Fallat LM, Bir C. Comparison of pullout strength between 3.5-mm fully threaded, bicortical screws and 4.0-mm partially threaded, cancellous screws in the fixation of medial malleolar fractures. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2010 May-Jun; 49(3):248-52. PMID: 20362467.
        View in: PubMed
      31. McKay BJ, Bir C. Lower extremity injury criteria for evaluating military vehicle occupant injury in underbelly blast events. Stapp Car Crash J. 2009 Nov; 53:229-49. PMID: 20058557.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Bolander RP, Neto OP, Bir C. The effects of height and distance on the force production and acceleration in martial arts strikes. J Sports Sci Med. 2009 Nov; 8(CSSI3):47-52. PMID: 24474886; PMCID: PMC3879635.
      33. Raymond D, Crawford G, Van Ee C, Bir C. Development of biomechanical response corridors of the head to blunt ballistic temporo-parietal impact. J Biomech Eng. 2009 Sep; 131(9):094506. PMID: 19725703.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Raymond D, Van Ee C, Crawford G, Bir C. Tolerance of the skull to blunt ballistic temporo-parietal impact. J Biomech. 2009 Nov 13; 42(15):2479-85. PMID: 19674749.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Neto OP, Bolander R, Pacheco MT, Bir C. Force, reaction time, and precision of Kung Fu strikes. Percept Mot Skills. 2009 Aug; 109(1):295-303. PMID: 19831109.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Bir C, Barbir A, Dosquet F, Wilhelm M, van der Horst M, Wolfe G. Validation of lower limb surrogates as injury assessment tools in floor impacts due to anti-vehicular land mines. Mil Med. 2008 Dec; 173(12):1180-4. PMID: 19149335.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Craig M, Bir C, Viano D, Tashman S. Biomechanical response of the human mandible to impacts of the chin. J Biomech. 2008 Oct 20; 41(14):2972-80. PMID: 18805529.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Leung LY, VandeVord PJ, Dal Cengio AL, Bir C, Yang KH, King AI. Blast related neurotrauma: a review of cellular injury. Mol Cell Biomech. 2008 Sep; 5(3):155-68. PMID: 18751525.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Link MS, Bir C, Dau N, Madias C, Estes NA, Maron BJ. Protecting our children from the consequences of chest blows on the playing field: a time for science over marketing. Pediatrics. 2008 Aug; 122(2):437-9. PMID: 18676560.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Esquivel AO, Dawe EJ, Sala-Mercado JA, Hammond RL, Bir C. The physiologic effects of a conducted electrical weapon in swine. Ann Emerg Med. 2007 Nov; 50(5):576-83. PMID: 17719136.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Wilhelm M, Bir C. Injuries to law enforcement officers: the backface signature injury. Forensic Sci Int. 2008 Jan 15; 174(1):6-11. PMID: 17434273.
        View in: PubMed
      42. Pellman EJ, Viano DC, Withnall C, Shewchenko N, Bir C, Halstead PD. Concussion in professional football: helmet testing to assess impact performance--part 11. Neurosurgery. 2006 Jan; 58(1):78-96; discussion 78-96. PMID: 16385332.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Pellman EJ, Viano DC, Withnall C, Shewchenko N, Bir C, Halstead PD. Concussion in Professional Football: Helmet Testing to Assess Impact Performance-Part 11. Neurosurgery. 2006 Jan 01; 58(1):78-95. PMID: 28180393.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Viano DC, Casson IR, Pellman EJ, Bir C, Zhang L, Sherman DC, Boitano MA. Concussion in professional football: comparison with boxing head impacts--part 10. Neurosurgery. 2005 Dec; 57(6):1154-72; discussion 1154-72. PMID: 16331164.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Bir C, Stewart SJ, Wilhelm M. Skin penetration assessment of less lethal kinetic energy munitions. J Forensic Sci. 2005 Nov; 50(6):1426-9. PMID: 16382840.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Bir C, Viano DC. Design and injury assessment criteria for blunt ballistic impacts. J Trauma. 2004 Dec; 57(6):1218-24. PMID: 15625452.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Walilko T, Bir C, Godwin W, King A. Relationship between temporomandibular joint dynamics and mouthguards: feasibility of a test method. Dent Traumatol. 2004 Oct; 20(5):255-60. PMID: 15355384.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Viano DC, Bir C, Walilko T, Sherman D. Ballistic impact to the forehead, zygoma, and mandible: comparison of human and frangible dummy face biomechanics. J Trauma. 2004 Jun; 56(6):1305-11. PMID: 15211141.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Bir C, Viano D, King A. Development of biomechanical response corridors of the thorax to blunt ballistic impacts. J Biomech. 2004 Jan; 37(1):73-9. PMID: 14672570.
        View in: PubMed
      50. Janda DH, Bir C, Cheney AL. An evaluation of the cumulative concussive effect of soccer heading in the youth population. Inj Control Saf Promot. 2002 Mar; 9(1):25-31. PMID: 12462161.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Atkinson P, Hariharan P, Mari-Gowda S, Telehowski P, Martin S, Van Hoof J, Bir C, Atkinson T. An under-hand steering wheel grasp produces significant injury risk to the upper extremity during airbag deployment. Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med. 2002; 46:45-62. PMID: 12361499.
        View in: PubMed