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    Chih Ping Chou, PhD

    TitleProfessor of Preventive Medicine
    SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
    DepartmentInstitute for Health Promotion & Disease Prevention
    AddressSSB 302X 2001 N. Soto Street
    Health Sciences Campus
    Los Angeles California 90033
    Phone+1 323 442 8239
    vCardDownload vCard

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      Dr. Chou is a Professor of Preventive Medicine. Â His research focuses on the advancement of research methodology and statistical techniques in social and health behavioral research. His research interest falls into three distinct areas: evaluation of prevention intervention of substance use among adolescents; evaluation of substance abuse treatment, and statistical and methodological application and development for prevention research. Â Dr. Chou is an internationally recognized researcher on structural equation modeling. Â He has a well-established record on the application and development of statistical models and research methodologies in prevention research, and has extensive experience in longitudinal analyses of the effects of health promotion interventions, structural equation modeling, multilevel modeling, growth curve modeling and psychometrics analysis. Â Dr. Chou received the Research Scientist Development Award and several research projects from NIH to study advanced statistical methods for prevention research. Â He has also been serving as the directors of measurement core and statistics core for four NIH funded transdisciplinary research centers based at USC. Â Dr. Chou also holds a joint appointment in School of Social Work.


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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Liao Y, Chou C, Huh J, Leventhal A, Dunton G. Associations of Affective Responses During Free-Living Physical Activity and Future Physical Activity Levels: an Ecological Momentary Assessment Study. Int J Behav Med. 2017 Aug; 24(4):513-519. PMID: 28008556.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Hser YI, Mooney LJ, Huang D, Zhu Y, Tomko RL, McClure E, Chou C, Gray KM. Reductions in cannabis use are associated with improvements in anxiety, depression, and sleep quality, but not quality of life. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2017 Oct; 81:53-58. PMID: 28847455.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Leventhal AM, Urman R, Barrington-Trimis JL, Goldenson NI, Gallegos K, Chou C, Wang K, Berhane K, Cruz TB, Pentz MA, Unger J, McConnell RS. Perceived stress and poly-tobacco product use across adolescence: Patterns of association and gender differences. J Psychiatr Res. 2017 Nov; 94:172-179. PMID: 28738287.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Leventhal AM, Cho J, Stone MD, Barrington-Trimis JL, Chou C, Sussman SY, Riggs NR, Unger JB, Audrain-McGovern J, Strong DR. Associations between anhedonia and marijuana use escalation across mid-adolescence. Addiction. 2017 Jun 17. PMID: 28623880.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Chuang CI, Sussman S, Stone MD, Pang RD, Chou C, Leventhal AM, Kirkpatrick MG. Impulsivity and history of behavioral addictions are associated with drug use in adolescents. Addict Behav. 2017 Nov; 74:41-47. PMID: 28570913.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Liao Y, Chou C, Huh J, Leventhal A, Dunton G. Examining acute bi-directional relationships between affect, physical feeling states, and physical activity in free-living situations using electronic ecological momentary assessment. J Behav Med. 2017 Jun; 40(3):445-457. PMID: 27766481.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Palinkas LA, Spear SE, Mendon SJ, Villamar J, Valente T, Chou C, Landsverk J, Kellam SG, Brown CH. Measuring sustainment of prevention programs and initiatives: a study protocol. Implement Sci. 2016 Jul 16; 11:95. PMID: 27422149; PMCID: PMC4947241.
      8. Barrington-Trimis JL, Berhane K, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Urman R, Chou C, Howland S, Wang K, Pentz MA, Gilreath TD, Huh J, Leventhal AM, Samet JM, McConnell R. The E-cigarette Social Environment, E-cigarette Use, and Susceptibility to Cigarette Smoking. J Adolesc Health. 2016 Jul; 59(1):75-80. PMID: 27161417; PMCID: PMC4920702 [Available on 07/01/17].
      9. Li MJ, Frank HG, Harawa NT, Williams JK, Chou C, Bluthenthal RN. Racial Pride and Condom Use in Post-Incarcerated African-American Men Who Have Sex With Men and Women: Test of a Conceptual Model for the Men in Life Environments Intervention. Arch Sex Behav. 2016 Apr 26. PMID: 27115618.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Sussman S, Chou C, Pang RD, Kirkpatrick M, Guillot CR, Stone M, Khoddam R, Riggs NR, Unger JB, Leventhal AM. Social Self-Control Is a Statistically Nonredundant Correlate of Adolescent Substance Use. Subst Use Misuse. 2016 May 11; 51(6):788-94. PMID: 27070833; PMCID: PMC4848138 [Available on 05/11/17].
      11. Gilreath TD, Leventhal A, Barrington-Trimis JL, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Berhane K, Huh J, Urman R, Wang K, Howland S, Pentz MA, Chou C, McConnell R. Patterns of Alternative Tobacco Product Use: Emergence of Hookah and E-cigarettes as Preferred Products Amongst Youth. J Adolesc Health. 2016 Feb; 58(2):181-5. PMID: 26598059; PMCID: PMC4963235 [Available on 02/01/17].
      12. Rohrbach LA, Berglas NF, Jerman P, Angulo-Olaiz F, Chou C, Constantine NA. A Rights-Based Sexuality Education Curriculum for Adolescents: 1-Year Outcomes From a Cluster-Randomized Trial. J Adolesc Health. 2015 Oct; 57(4):399-406. PMID: 26403840.
        View in: PubMed
      13. An Z, Chou C. Social Support for First-Time Chinese Mothers in Contexts of Provider-Recipient Relationships. Health Commun. 2016; 31(4):504-12. PMID: 26422372.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Tanenbaum HC, Felicitas JQ, Li Y, Tobias M, Chou C, Palmer PH, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds KD, Anderson Johnson C, Xie B. Overweight Perception: Associations with Weight Control Goals, Attempts, and Practices among Chinese Female College Students. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016 Mar; 116(3):458-466. PMID: 26260670; PMCID: PMC4744809 [Available on 03/01/17].
      15. Barrington-Trimis JL, Berhane K, Unger JB, Cruz TB, Huh J, Leventhal AM, Urman R, Wang K, Howland S, Gilreath TD, Chou C, Pentz MA, McConnell R. Psychosocial Factors Associated With Adolescent Electronic Cigarette and Cigarette Use. Pediatrics. 2015 Aug; 136(2):308-17. PMID: 26216326; PMCID: PMC4516947.
      16. Constantine NA, Jerman P, Berglas NF, Angulo-Olaiz F, Chou C, Rohrbach LA. Short-term effects of a rights-based sexuality education curriculum for high-school students: a cluster-randomized trial. BMC Public Health. 2015 Mar 26; 15:293. PMID: 25886554; PMCID: PMC4407845.
      17. Yang Y, Zhao X, Qiu P, Ma X, Chou C. Integrating spatial technology into studying the generational differences of migrants' health protection status in urban China. Int J Equity Health. 2015 Mar 10; 14:27. PMID: 25889727; PMCID: PMC4357190.
      18. Felicitas JQ, Tanenbaum HC, Li Y, Chou C, Palmer PH, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds KD, Johnson CA, Xie B. A Longitudinal Analysis of the Effects of Socioeconomic Factors, Foreign Media, and Attitude toward Appearance on General and Central Adiposity in Chinese Adolescents. Prev Med Rep. 2015; 2:608-214. PMID: 26279973.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Pentz MA, Shin H, Riggs N, Unger JB, Collison KL, Chou C. Parent, peer, and executive function relationships to early adolescent e-cigarette use: a substance use pathway? Addict Behav. 2015 Mar; 42:73-8. PMID: 25462657; PMCID: PMC4292878.
      20. Ameringer KJ, Chou C, Sussman S, Unger JB, Leventhal AM. Identifying Shared Latent Dimensions of Psychological Symptoms: Implications for the Psychological Correlates of Smoking. J Psychopathol Behav Assess. 2015 Sep 01; 37(3):454-468. PMID: 26478654.
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      21. Ameringer KJ, Chou C, Leventhal AM. Shared versus specific features of psychological symptoms and cigarettes per day: structural relations and mediation by negative- and positive-reinforcement smoking. J Behav Med. 2015 Apr; 38(2):224-36. PMID: 25231408; PMCID: PMC4407566.
      22. Tate EB, Unger JB, Chou C, Spruijt-Metz D, Pentz MA, Riggs NR. Children's executive function and high-calorie, low-nutrient food intake: mediating effects of child-perceived adult fast food intake. Health Educ Behav. 2015 Apr; 42(2):163-70. PMID: 25194147.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Shen E, Chou C, Pentz MA, Berhane K. Quantile Mediation Models: A Comparison of Methods for Assessing Mediation Across the Outcome Distribution. Multivariate Behav Res. 2014 Sep-Oct; 49(5):471-85. PMID: 26732360.
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      24. Hsu YW, Chou C, Belcher BR, Nguyen-Rodriguez ST, Weigensberg MJ, McClain AD, Spruijt-Metz D. Double jeopardy: metabolic syndrome leads to increased sedentary behavior in peri-pubertal minority females. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2014 Aug; 26(3):266-73. PMID: 24722884.
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      25. Shin HS, Valente TW, Riggs NR, Huh J, Spruijt-Metz D, Chou C, Ann Pentz M. The interaction of social networks and child obesity prevention program effects: the pathways trial. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Jun; 22(6):1520-6. PMID: 24616241; PMCID: PMC4037361.
      26. Wu S, Ell K, Gross-Schulman SG, Sklaroff LM, Katon WJ, Nezu AM, Lee PJ, Vidyanti I, Chou C, Guterman JJ. Technology-facilitated depression care management among predominantly Latino diabetes patients within a public safety net care system: comparative effectiveness trial design. Contemp Clin Trials. 2014 Mar; 37(2):342-54. PMID: 24215775.
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      27. Huh J, Huang Z, Liao Y, Pentz M, Chou C. Transitional life events and trajectories of cigarette and alcohol use during emerging adulthood: latent class analysis and growth mixture modeling. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2013 Sep; 74(5):727-35. PMID: 23948532; PMCID: PMC3749316.
      28. Spruijt-Metz D, Belcher BR, Hsu YW, McClain AD, Chou C, Nguyen-Rodriguez S, Weigensberg MJ, Goran MI. Temporal relationship between insulin sensitivity and the pubertal decline in physical activity in peripubertal Hispanic and African American females. Diabetes Care. 2013 Nov; 36(11):3739-45. PMID: 23846812; PMCID: PMC3816891.
      29. Wong CF, Schrager SM, Chou C, Weiss G, Kipke MD. Changes in developmental contexts as predictors of transitions in HIV-risk behaviors among young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Am J Community Psychol. 2013 Jun; 51(3-4):439-50. PMID: 23254866.
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      30. Liao Y, Huang Z, Huh J, Pentz MA, Chou C. Changes in friends' and parental influences on cigarette smoking from early through late adolescence. J Adolesc Health. 2013 Jul; 53(1):132-8. PMID: 23583505; PMCID: PMC3691293.
      31. Forster M, Dyal SR, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Chou C, Soto DW, Unger JB. Bullying victimization as a mediator of associations between cultural/familial variables, substance use, and depressive symptoms among Hispanic youth. Ethn Health. 2013; 18(4):415-32. PMID: 23297708; PMCID: PMC3723765.
      32. Dunton GF, Liao Y, Grana R, Lagloire R, Riggs N, Chou C, Robertson T. State-wide dissemination of a school-based nutrition education programme: a RE-AIM (Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) analysis. Public Health Nutr. 2014 Feb; 17(2):422-30. PMID: 23218458.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Chang MC, Parham LD, Blanche EI, Schell A, Chou C, Dawson M, Clark F. Autonomic and behavioral responses of children with autism to auditory stimuli. Am J Occup Ther. 2012 Sep-Oct; 66(5):567-76. PMID: 22917123.
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      34. Guo Q, Unger JB, Palmer PH, Chou C, Johnson CA. The role of cognitive attributions for smoking in subsequent smoking progression and regression among adolescents in China. Addict Behav. 2013 Jan; 38(1):1493-8. PMID: 23017586; PMCID: PMC3493682.
      35. Dunton GF, Liao Y, Almanza E, Jerrett M, Spruijt-Metz D, Chou C, Pentz MA. Joint physical activity and sedentary behavior in parent-child pairs. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Aug; 44(8):1473-80. PMID: 22367744; PMCID: PMC3399090.
      36. Ell K, Katon W, Lee PJ, Kapetanovic S, Guterman J, Xie B, Chou C. Depressive symptom deterioration among predominantly Hispanic diabetes patients in safety net care. Psychosomatics. 2012 Jul-Aug; 53(4):347-55. PMID: 22458987; PMCID: PMC3389136.
      37. Riggs NR, Huh J, Chou C, Spruijt-Metz D, Pentz MA. Executive function and latent classes of childhood obesity risk. J Behav Med. 2012 Dec; 35(6):642-50. PMID: 22218938.
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      38. Pentz MA, Spruijt-Metz D, Chou C, Riggs NR. High calorie, low nutrient food/beverage intake and video gaming in children as potential signals for addictive behavior. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011 12; 8(12):4406-24. PMID: 22408581; PMCID: PMC3290975.
      39. Ell K, Katon W, Xie B, Lee PJ, Kapetanovic S, Guterman J, Chou C. One-year postcollaborative depression care trial outcomes among predominantly Hispanic diabetes safety net patients. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2011 Sep-Oct; 33(5):436-42. PMID: 21774987; PMCID: PMC3175272.
      40. Hsu YW, Johnson CA, Chou C, Unger JB, Sun P, Xie B, Palmer PH, Gallaher PE, Spruijt-Metz D. Correlates of overweight status in Chinese youth: an East-West paradox. Am J Health Behav. 2011 Jul; 35(4):496-506. PMID: 22040595.
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      41. Fujimoto K, Chou C, Valente TW. The Network Autocorrelation Model using Two-mode Data: Affiliation Exposure and Potential Bias in the Autocorrelation Parameter. Soc Networks. 2011 Jul 01; 33(3):231-243. PMID: 21909184.
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      42. Riggs NR, Spruijt-Metz D, Chou C, Pentz MA. Relationships between executive cognitive function and lifetime substance use and obesity-related behaviors in fourth grade youth. Child Neuropsychol. 2012; 18(1):1-11. PMID: 21480013.
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      43. Clark F, Jackson J, Carlson M, Chou C, Cherry BJ, Jordan-Marsh M, Knight BG, Mandel D, Blanchard J, Granger DA, Wilcox RR, Lai MY, White B, Hay J, Lam C, Marterella A, Azen SP. Effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention in promoting the well-being of independently living older people: results of the Well Elderly 2 Randomised Controlled Trial. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012 Sep; 66(9):782-90. PMID: 21636614; PMCID: PMC3412049.
      44. Palmer PH, Xie B, Lee L, Chou C, Sun P, Hemingway B, Johnson CA. The China Seven Cities Study (CSCS) consortium: adapting evidence-based prevention science from west to east. Transl Behav Med. 2011 Jun; 1(2):283-8. PMID: 24073050; PMCID: PMC3717648.
      45. Carlson M, Wilcox R, Chou C, Chang M, Yang F, Blanchard J, Marterella A, Kuo A, Clark F. Psychometric properties of reverse-scored items on the CES-D in a sample of ethnically diverse older adults. Psychol Assess. 2011 Jun; 23(2):558-62. PMID: 21319906; PMCID: PMC3115428.
      46. Wagner KD, Lankenau SE, Palinkas LA, Richardson JL, Chou C, Unger JB. The influence of the perceived consequences of refusing to share injection equipment among injection drug users: balancing competing risks. Addict Behav. 2011 Aug; 36(8):835-42. PMID: 21498004; PMCID: PMC3098341.
      47. Li D, London SJ, Liu J, Lee W, Jiang X, Van Den Berg D, Bergen AW, Nishita D, Waleh N, Swan GE, Gallaher P, Chou C, Shih JC, Unger JB, Gauderman WJ, Gilliland F, Johnson CA, Conti DV. Association of the calcyon neuron-specific vesicular protein gene (CALY) with adolescent smoking initiation in China and California. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 May 01; 173(9):1039-48. PMID: 21415033; PMCID: PMC3121219.
      48. Hasson RE, Adam TC, Davis JN, Kelly LA, Ventura EE, Byrd-Williams CE, Toledo-Corral CM, Roberts CK, Lane CJ, Azen SP, Chou C, Spruijt-Metz D, Weigensberg MJ, Berhane K, Goran MI. Randomized controlled trial to improve adiposity, inflammation, and insulin resistance in obese African-American and Latino youth. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Apr; 20(4):811-8. PMID: 21293446; PMCID: PMC3106142.
      49. Hsu YW, Chou C, Nguyen-Rodriguez ST, McClain AD, Belcher BR, Spruijt-Metz D. Influences of social support, perceived barriers, and negative meanings of physical activity on physical activity in middle school students. J Phys Act Health. 2011 Feb; 8(2):210-9. PMID: 21415448.
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      50. Ell K, Xie B, Kapetanovic S, Quinn DI, Lee PJ, Wells A, Chou C. One-year follow-up of collaborative depression care for low-income, predominantly Hispanic patients with cancer. Psychiatr Serv. 2011 Feb; 62(2):162-70. PMID: 21285094.
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      51. Rollins BY, Riggs NR, Spruijt-Metz D, McClain AD, Chou C, Pentz MA. Psychometrics of the Eating in Emotional Situations Questionnaire (EESQ) among low-income Latino elementary-school children. Eat Behav. 2011 Apr; 12(2):156-9. PMID: 21385647; PMCID: PMC3947794.
      52. Xie B, Chou C, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds K, Palmer PH, Wu Q, Gallaher P, Johnson CA. Longitudinal analysis of weight perception and psychological factors in Chinese adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2011 Jan-Feb; 35(1):92-104. PMID: 20950162; PMCID: PMC2957668.
      53. Belcher BR, Berrigan D, Dodd KW, Emken BA, Chou C, Spruijt-Metz D. Physical activity in US youth: effect of race/ethnicity, age, gender, and weight status. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010 Dec; 42(12):2211-21. PMID: 21084930; PMCID: PMC3242154.
      54. Chou C, Chi F, Weisner C, Pentz M, Hser YI. Initial Status in Growth Curve Modeling for Randomized Trials. J Drug Issues. 2010 Dec; 40(1):155-172. PMID: 21572585.
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      55. Sattler F, Bhasin S, He J, Chou C, Castaneda-Sceppa C, Yarasheski K, Binder E, Schroeder ET, Kawakubo M, Zhang A, Roubenoff R, Azen S. Testosterone threshold levels and lean tissue mass targets needed to enhance skeletal muscle strength and function: the HORMA trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011 Jan; 66(1):122-9. PMID: 21059836; PMCID: PMC3032430.
      56. Huh J, Riggs NR, Spruijt-Metz D, Chou C, Huang Z, Pentz M. Identifying patterns of eating and physical activity in children: a latent class analysis of obesity risk. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Mar; 19(3):652-8. PMID: 20930718.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Wagner KD, Lankenau SE, Palinkas LA, Richardson JL, Chou C, Unger JB. The perceived consequences of safer injection: an exploration of qualitative findings and gender differences. Psychol Health Med. 2010 Oct; 15(5):560-73. PMID: 20835966; PMCID: PMC2939721.
      58. Spruijt-Metz D, Wolch J, Jerrett M, Byrne J, Hsieh S, Myles R, Xie B, Wang L, Chou C, Reynolds KD. Development, reliability, and validity of an urban trail use survey. Am J Health Promot. 2010 Sep-Oct; 25(1):2-11. PMID: 20809825.
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      59. Riggs NR, Spruijt-Metz D, Sakuma KL, Chou C, Pentz MA. Executive cognitive function and food intake in children. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2010 Nov-Dec; 42(6):398-403. PMID: 20719568; PMCID: PMC2980564.
      60. Xie B, Unger JB, Gallaher P, Johnson CA, Wu Q, Chou C. Overweight, body image, and depression in Asian and Hispanic adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2010 Jul-Aug; 34(4):476-88. PMID: 20218759; PMCID: PMC2860429.
      61. Ell K, Aranda MP, Xie B, Lee PJ, Chou C. Collaborative depression treatment in older and younger adults with physical illness: pooled comparative analysis of three randomized clinical trials. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2010 Jun; 18(6):520-30. PMID: 20220588; PMCID: PMC2875343.
      62. Riggs N, Chou C, Spruijt-Metz D, Pentz MA. Executive cognitive function as a correlate and predictor of child food intake and physical activity. Child Neuropsychol. 2010; 16(3):279-92. PMID: 20234954.
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      63. Wagner KD, Ritt-Olson A, Chou C, Pokhrel P, Duan L, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Soto DW, Unger JB. Associations between family structure, family functioning, and substance use among Hispanic/Latino adolescents. Psychol Addict Behav. 2010 Mar; 24(1):98-108. PMID: 20307116; PMCID: PMC2849874.
      64. Wu Q, Xie B, Chou C, Palmer PH, Gallaher PE, Johnson CA. Understanding the effect of social capital on the depression of urban Chinese adolescents: an integrative framework. Am J Community Psychol. 2010 Mar; 45(1-2):1-16. PMID: 20066487.
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      65. Ell K, Katon W, Xie B, Lee PJ, Kapetanovic S, Guterman J, Chou C. Collaborative care management of major depression among low-income, predominantly Hispanic subjects with diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care. 2010 Apr; 33(4):706-13. PMID: 20097780; PMCID: PMC2845010.
      66. Guo Q, Unger JB, Azen SP, Li C, Spruijt-Metz D, Palmer PH, Chou C, Lee L, Sun P, Johnson CA. Cognitive attributions for smoking among adolescents in China. Addict Behav. 2010 Feb; 35(2):95-101. PMID: 19800741; PMCID: PMC2821664.
      67. Riggs NR, Chou C, Pentz MA. Preventing growth in amphetamine use: long-term effects of the Midwestern Prevention Project (MPP) from early adolescence to early adulthood. Addiction. 2009 Oct; 104(10):1691-9. PMID: 19681799.
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      68. Dunton GF, Spruijt-Metz D, Wolch J, Chou C, Jerrett M, Byrne J, Weaver S, Reynolds KD. Reasons for urban trail use predict levels of trail-related physical activity. J Phys Act Health. 2009 Jul; 6(4):426-34. PMID: 19842456.
        View in: PubMed
      69. Spruijt-Metz D, Belcher B, Anderson D, Lane CJ, Chou C, Salter-Venzon D, Davis JN, Hsu YW, Neuhouser ML, Richey JM, McKenzie TL, McClain A, Goran MI, Weigensberg MJ. A high-sugar/low-fiber meal compared with a low-sugar/high-fiber meal leads to higher leptin and physical activity levels in overweight Latina females. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009 Jun; 109(6):1058-63. PMID: 19465188; PMCID: PMC2768570.
      70. Myers R, Chou C, Sussman S, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Pachon H, Valente TW. Acculturation and substance use: social influence as a mediator among Hispanic alternative high school youth. J Health Soc Behav. 2009 Jun; 50(2):164-79. PMID: 19537458; PMCID: PMC4181567.
      71. Valente TW, Fujimoto K, Chou C, Spruijt-Metz D. Adolescent affiliations and adiposity: a social network analysis of friendships and obesity. J Adolesc Health. 2009 Aug; 45(2):202-4. PMID: 19628148; PMCID: PMC2747768.
      72. Davis JN, Kelly LA, Lane CJ, Ventura EE, Byrd-Williams CE, Alexandar KA, Azen SP, Chou C, Spruijt-Metz D, Weigensberg MJ, Berhane K, Goran MI. Randomized control trial to improve adiposity and insulin resistance in overweight Latino adolescents. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 Aug; 17(8):1542-8. PMID: 19247280; PMCID: PMC2846423.
      73. Jackson J, Mandel D, Blanchard J, Carlson M, Cherry B, Azen S, Chou C, Jordan-Marsh M, Forman T, White B, Granger D, Knight B, Clark F. Confronting challenges in intervention research with ethnically diverse older adults: the USC Well Elderly II Trial. Clin Trials. 2009 Feb; 6(1):90-101. PMID: 19254939; PMCID: PMC3073495.
      74. Riggs NR, Chou C, Pentz MA. Protecting against intergenerational problem behavior: mediational effects of prevented marijuana use on second-generation parent-child relationships and child impulsivity. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2009 Feb 01; 100(1-2):153-60. PMID: 19036535; PMCID: PMC2664296.
      75. Duan L, Chou C, Andreeva VA, Pentz MA. Trajectories of peer social influences as long-term predictors of drug use from early through late adolescence. J Youth Adolesc. 2009 Mar; 38(3):454-65. PMID: 19636757.
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      76. Andreeva VA, Reynolds KD, Buller DB, Chou C, Yaroch AL. Concurrent psychosocial predictors of sun safety among middle school youth. J Sch Health. 2008 Jul; 78(7):374-81; quiz 408-10. PMID: 18611212; PMCID: PMC2921699.
      77. Ma H, Unger JB, Chou C, Sun P, Palmer PH, Zhou Y, Yao J, Xie B, Gallaher PE, Guo Q, Wei Y, Chen B, Wang Z, Wang X, Duan H, Song Y, Gong J, Azen SP, Lee L, Johnson CA. Risk factors for adolescent smoking in urban and rural China: findings from the China seven cities study. Addict Behav. 2008 Aug; 33(8):1081-5. PMID: 18495363.
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      78. Jasuja GK, Chou C, Riggs NR, Pentz MA. Early cigarette use and psychological distress as predictors of obesity risk in adulthood. Nicotine Tob Res. 2008 Feb; 10(2):325-35. PMID: 18236297.
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      79. Spruijt-Metz D, Nguyen-Michel ST, Goran MI, Chou C, Huang TT. Reducing sedentary behavior in minority girls via a theory-based, tailored classroom media intervention. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2008; 3(4):240-8. PMID: 19023773; PMCID: PMC2838616.
      80. Weiss JW, Palmer PH, Chou C, Mouttapa M, Johnson CA. Association between psychological factors and adolescent smoking in seven cities in China. Int J Behav Med. 2008; 15(2):149-56. PMID: 18569133.
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      81. Hser YI, Huang D, Chou C, Anglin MD. Trajectories of heroin addiction: growth mixture modeling results based on a 33-year follow-up study. Eval Rev. 2007 Dec; 31(6):548-63. PMID: 17986707.
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      82. Riggs NR, Chou C, Li C, Pentz MA. Adolescent to emerging adulthood smoking trajectories: when do smoking trajectories diverge, and do they predict early adulthood nicotine dependence? Nicotine Tob Res. 2007 Nov; 9(11):1147-54. PMID: 17978988.
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      83. Sun P, Unger JB, Guo Q, Gong J, Ma H, Palmer PH, Chou C, Li Y, Sussman S, Ritt-Olson A, Xiao L, Johnson CA. Comorbidity between depression and smoking moderates the effect of a smoking prevention program among boys in China. Nicotine Tob Res. 2007 Nov; 9 Suppl 4:S599-609. PMID: 18067035.
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      84. Nguyen-Rodriguez ST, Chou C, Unger JB, Spruijt-Metz D. BMI as a moderator of perceived stress and emotional eating in adolescents. Eat Behav. 2008 Apr; 9(2):238-46. PMID: 18329603; PMCID: PMC2386154.
      85. Xie B, Chou C, Spruijt-Metz D, Reynolds K, Clark F, Palmer PH, Gallaher P, Sun P, Guo Q, Johnson CA. Socio-demographic and economic correlates of overweight status in Chinese adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2007 Jul-Aug; 31(4):339-52. PMID: 17511569.
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