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    Chaim O. Jacob, MD, PhD

    TitleProfessor of Medicine
    SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
    DepartmentMedicine
    AddressHMR 705
    Health Sciences Campus
    Los Angeles California 90089-9099
    Phone+1 323 442 1822
    vCardDownload vCard

      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      Dr. Jacob's research interests include genetics and pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). He continues his groundbreaking work in discovering and characterizing new genes important to the development of SLE.

      Dr. Jacob earned his medical degree from Tel Aviv University, Sackler School of Medicine. He then went on to complete graduate school at The Weizmann Institute of Science, followed by a Rheumatology Fellowship at Stanford University School of Medicine.


      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Awards and Honors
      1985J.F. Kennedy Memorial Prize
      The Reticulo Endothelial Society1987Presidential Award
      Irvington House Institute for Medical Research1988  - 1990Fellow
      Southern California Chapter of Arthritis Foundation2000Klinenberg Award
      National Arthritis Foundation2001  - 2002Klinenberg Award
      The Henry Kunkel Society2009Elected Member

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Langefeld CD, Ainsworth HC, Cunninghame Graham DS, Kelly JA, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Howard TD, Ramos PS, Croker JA, Morris DL, Sandling JK, Almlöf JC, Acevedo-Vásquez EM, Alarcón GS, Babini AM, Baca V, Bengtsson AA, Berbotto GA, Bijl M, Brown EE, Brunner HI, Cardiel MH, Catoggio L, Cervera R, Cucho-Venegas JM, Dahlqvist SR, D'Alfonso S, Da Silva BM, de la Rúa Figueroa I, Doria A, Edberg JC, Endreffy E, Esquivel-Valerio JA, Fortin PR, Freedman BI, Frostegård J, García MA, de la Torre IG, Gilkeson GS, Gladman DD, Gunnarsson I, Guthridge JM, Huggins JL, James JA, Kallenberg CGM, Kamen DL, Karp DR, Kaufman KM, Kottyan LC, Kovács L, Laustrup H, Lauwerys BR, Li QZ, Maradiaga-Ceceña MA, Martín J, McCune JM, McWilliams DR, Merrill JT, Miranda P, Moctezuma JF, Nath SK, Niewold TB, Orozco L, Ortego-Centeno N, Petri M, Pineau CA, Pons-Estel BA, Pope J, Raj P, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Russell LP, Sabio JM, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Scherbarth HR, Scorza R, Seldin MF, Sjöwall C, Svenungsson E, Thompson SD, Toloza SMA, Truedsson L, Tusié-Luna T, Vasconcelos C, Vilá LM, Wallace DJ, Weisman MH, Wither JE, Bhangale T, Oksenberg JR, Rioux JD, Gregersen PK, Syvänen AC, Rönnblom L, Criswell LA, Jacob C, Sivils KL, Tsao BP, Schanberg LE, Behrens TW, Silverman ED, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Kimberly RP, Harley JB, Wakeland EK, Graham RR, Gaffney PM, Vyse TJ. Transancestral mapping and genetic load in systemic lupus erythematosus. Nat Commun. 2017 07 17; 8:16021. PMID: 28714469.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Jacob C, Yu N, Yoo DG, Perez-Zapata LJ, Barbu EA, Kaplan MJ, Purmalek M, Pingel JT, Idol RA, Dinauer MC. Haploinsufficiency of NADPH Oxidase Subunit Neutrophil Cytosolic Factor 2 Is Sufficient to Accelerate Full-Blown Lupus in NZM 2328 Mice. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2017 Aug; 69(8):1647-1660. PMID: 28471497.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Ziegler JT, Molineros J, Howard TD, Moreno-Estrada A, Sánchez-Rodríguez E, Ainsworth HC, Ortiz-Tello P, Comeau ME, Rasmussen A, Kelly JA, Adler A, Acevedo-Vázquez EM, Cucho-Venegas JM, García-De la Torre I, Cardiel MH, Miranda P, Catoggio LJ, Maradiaga-Ceceña M, Gaffney PM, Vyse TJ, Criswell LA, Tsao BP, Sivils KL, Bae SC, James JA, Kimberly RP, Kaufman KM, Harley JB, Esquivel-Valerio JA, Moctezuma JF, García MA, Berbotto GA, Babini AM, Scherbarth H, Toloza S, Baca V, Nath SK, Aguilar Salinas C, Orozco L, Tusié-Luna T, Zidovetzki R, Pons-Estel BA, Langefeld CD, Jacob C. Genome-Wide Association Study in an Amerindian Ancestry Population Reveals Novel Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Risk Loci and the Role of European Admixture. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016 Apr; 68(4):932-43. PMID: 26606652; PMCID: PMC4829354 [Available on 10/01/16].
      4. Raj P, Rai E, Song R, Khan S, Wakeland BE, Viswanathan K, Arana C, Liang C, Zhang B, Dozmorov I, Carr-Johnson F, Mitrovic M, Wiley GB, Kelly JA, Lauwerys BR, Olsen NJ, Cotsapas C, Garcia CK, Wise CA, Harley JB, Nath SK, James JA, Jacob C, Tsao BP, Pasare C, Karp DR, Li QZ, Gaffney PM, Wakeland EK. Regulatory polymorphisms modulate the expression of HLA class II molecules and promote autoimmunity. Elife. 2016 Feb 15; 5. PMID: 26880555; PMCID: PMC4811771.
      5. Deng Y, Zhao J, Sakurai D, Sestak AL, Osadchiy V, Langefeld CD, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, James JA, Petri MA, Bae SC, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Alarcón GS, Anaya JM, Criswell LA, Freedman BI, Kamen DL, Gilkeson GS, Jacob C, Merrill JT, Gaffney PM, Sivils KM, Niewold TB, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Scofield RH, Stevens AM, Boackle SA, Vilá LM, Sohn II, Lee S, Chang DM, Song YW, Vyse TJ, Harley JB, Brown EE, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Cantor RM, Hahn BH, Grossman JM, Tsao BP. Decreased SMG7 expression associates with lupus-risk variants and elevated antinuclear antibody production. Ann Rheum Dis. 2016 Nov; 75(11):2007-2013. PMID: 26783109.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Strait RT, Posgai MT, Mahler A, Barasa N, Jacob C, Köhl J, Ehlers M, Stringer K, Shanmukhappa SK, Witte D, Hossain MM, Khodoun M, Herr AB, Finkelman FD. Erratum: IgG1 protects against renal disease in a mouse model of cryoglobulinaemia. Nature. 2015 Oct 29; 526(7575):728. PMID: 26416751.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Zhao J, Wu H, Langefeld CD, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, Bae SC, Alarcón GS, Anaya JM, Criswell LA, Freedman BI, Kamen DL, Gilkeson GS, Jacob C, James JA, Merrill JT, Gaffney PM, Sivils KM, Niewold TB, Petri MA, Song ST, Jeong HJ, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Scofield RH, Stevens AM, Boackle SA, Vilá LM, Chang DM, Song YW, Vyse TJ, Harley JB, Brown EE, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Hahn BH, Grossman JM, Tsao BP, La Cava A. Genetic associations of leptin-related polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus. Clin Immunol. 2015 Dec; 161(2):157-62. PMID: 26385092; PMCID: PMC4658308 [Available on 12/01/16].
      8. Jacob C, Yu N, Sindhava V, Cancro MP, Pawar RD, Putterman C, Stohl W. Differential Development of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in NZM 2328 Mice Deficient in Discrete Pairs of BAFF Receptors. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2015 Sep; 67(9):2523-35. PMID: 25989238.
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      9. Kubagawa H, Carroll MC, Jacob C, Lang KS, Lee KH, Mak T, McAndrews M, Morse HC, Nolan GP, Ohno H, Richter GH, Seal R, Wang JY, Wiestner A, Coligan JE. Nomenclature of Toso, Fas apoptosis inhibitory molecule 3, and IgM FcR. J Immunol. 2015 May 01; 194(9):4055-7. PMID: 25888699.
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      10. Lu X, Zoller EE, Weirauch MT, Wu Z, Namjou B, Williams AH, Ziegler JT, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Glenn SB, Adler A, Shen N, Nath SK, Stevens AM, Freedman BI, Tsao BP, Jacob C, Kamen DL, Brown EE, Gilkeson GS, Alarcón GS, Reveille JD, Anaya JM, James JA, Sivils KL, Criswell LA, Vilá LM, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Petri M, Scofield RH, Kimberly RP, Ramsey-Goldman R, Joo YB, Choi J, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Graham DC, Vyse TJ, Guthridge JM, Gaffney PM, Langefeld CD, Kelly JA, Greis KD, Kaufman KM, Harley JB, Kottyan LC. Lupus Risk Variant Increases pSTAT1 Binding and Decreases ETS1 Expression. Am J Hum Genet. 2015 May 07; 96(5):731-9. PMID: 25865496; PMCID: PMC4570281.
      11. Armstrong DL, Eisenstein M, Zidovetzki R, Jacob C. Systemic lupus erythematosus-associated neutrophil cytosolic factor 2 mutation affects the structure of NADPH oxidase complex. J Biol Chem. 2015 May 15; 290(20):12595-602. PMID: 25795782; PMCID: PMC4432280.
      12. Vaughn SE, Foley C, Lu X, Patel ZH, Zoller EE, Magnusen AF, Williams AH, Ziegler JT, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Glenn SB, Adler A, Shen N, Nath S, Stevens AM, Freedman BI, Tsao BP, Jacob C, Kamen DL, Brown EE, Gilkeson GS, Alarcón GS, Reveille JD, Anaya JM, James JA, Moser KL, Criswell LA, Vilá LM, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Petri M, Scofield RH, Kimberly RP, Ramsey-Goldman R, Binjoo Y, Choi J, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Vyse TJ, Guthridge JM, Namjou B, Gaffney PM, Langefeld CD, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, Harley IT, Harley JB, Kottyan LC. Lupus risk variants in the PXK locus alter B-cell receptor internalization. Front Genet. 2014; 5:450. PMID: 25620976; PMCID: PMC4288052.
      13. Armstrong DL, Eisenstein M, Zidovetzki R, Jacob C. 207 Structural basis of the effect of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-associated mutations on the activity of NADPH oxidase. J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2015; 33 Suppl 1:139-40. PMID: 26103417.
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      14. Strait RT, Posgai MT, Mahler A, Barasa N, Jacob C, Köhl J, Ehlers M, Stringer K, Shanmukhappa SK, Witte D, Hossain MM, Khodoun M, Herr AB, Finkelman FD. IgG1 protects against renal disease in a mouse model of cryoglobulinaemia. Nature. 2015 Jan 22; 517(7535):501-4. PMID: 25363774; PMCID: PMC4342786.
      15. Kottyan LC, Zoller EE, Bene J, Lu X, Kelly JA, Rupert AM, Lessard CJ, Vaughn SE, Marion M, Weirauch MT, Namjou B, Adler A, Rasmussen A, Glenn S, Montgomery CG, Hirschfield GM, Xie G, Coltescu C, Amos C, Li H, Ice JA, Nath SK, Mariette X, Bowman S, Rischmueller M, Lester S, Brun JG, Gøransson LG, Harboe E, Omdal R, Cunninghame-Graham DS, Vyse T, Miceli-Richard C, Brennan MT, Lessard JA, Wahren-Herlenius M, Kvarnström M, Illei GG, Witte T, Jonsson R, Eriksson P, Nordmark G, Ng WF, Anaya JM, Rhodus NL, Segal BM, Merrill JT, James JA, Guthridge JM, Scofield RH, Alarcon-Riquelme M, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Criswell LA, Gilkeson G, Kamen DL, Jacob C, Kimberly R, Brown E, Edberg J, Alarcón GS, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Petri M, Ramsey-Goldman R, Freedman BI, Niewold T, Stevens AM, Tsao BP, Ying J, Mayes MD, Gorlova OY, Wakeland W, Radstake T, Martin E, Martin J, Siminovitch K, Moser Sivils KL, Gaffney PM, Langefeld CD, Harley JB, Kaufman KM. The IRF5-TNPO3 association with systemic lupus erythematosus has two components that other autoimmune disorders variably share. Hum Mol Genet. 2015 Jan 15; 24(2):582-96. PMID: 25205108; PMCID: PMC4275071.
      16. Zhao J, Giles BM, Taylor RL, Yette GA, Lough KM, Ng HL, Abraham LJ, Wu H, Kelly JA, Glenn SB, Adler AJ, Williams AH, Comeau ME, Ziegler JT, Marion M, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Alarcón GS, Anaya JM, Bae SC, Kim D, Lee HS, Criswell LA, Freedman BI, Gilkeson GS, Guthridge JM, Jacob C, James JA, Kamen DL, Merrill JT, Sivils KM, Niewold TB, Petri MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Scofield RH, Stevens AM, Vilá LM, Vyse TJ, Kaufman KM, Harley JB, Langefeld CD, Gaffney PM, Brown EE, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Ulgiati D, Tsao BP, Boackle SA. Preferential association of a functional variant in complement receptor 2 with antibodies to double-stranded DNA. Ann Rheum Dis. 2016 Jan; 75(1):242-52. PMID: 25180293; PMCID: PMC4717392.
      17. Chung SA, Brown EE, Williams AH, Ramos PS, Berthier CC, Bhangale T, Alarcon-Riquelme ME, Behrens TW, Criswell LA, Graham DC, Demirci FY, Edberg JC, Gaffney PM, Harley JB, Jacob C, Kamboh MI, Kelly JA, Manzi S, Moser-Sivils KL, Russell LP, Petri M, Tsao BP, Vyse TJ, Zidovetzki R, Kretzler M, Kimberly RP, Freedman BI, Graham RR, Langefeld CD. Lupus nephritis susceptibility loci in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2014 Dec; 25(12):2859-70. PMID: 24925725; PMCID: PMC4243339.
      18. Guthridge JM, Lu R, Sun H, Sun C, Wiley GB, Dominguez N, Macwana SR, Lessard CJ, Kim-Howard X, Cobb BL, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, Langefeld CD, Adler AJ, Harley IT, Merrill JT, Gilkeson GS, Kamen DL, Niewold TB, Brown EE, Edberg JC, Petri MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Kimberly RP, Freedman BI, Stevens AM, Boackle SA, Criswell LA, Vyse TJ, Behrens TW, Jacob C, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Sivils KL, Choi J, Joo YB, Bang SY, Lee HS, Bae SC, Shen N, Qian X, Tsao BP, Scofield RH, Harley JB, Webb CF, Wakeland EK, James JA, Nath SK, Graham RR, Gaffney PM. Two functional lupus-associated BLK promoter variants control cell-type- and developmental-stage-specific transcription. Am J Hum Genet. 2014 Apr 03; 94(4):586-98. PMID: 24702955; PMCID: PMC3980411.
      19. Sakurai D, Zhao J, Deng Y, Kelly JA, Brown EE, Harley JB, Bae SC, Alarc?n-Riquelme ME, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri MA, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Alarcón GS, Kaufman KM, Vyse TJ, Jacob C, Gaffney PM, Sivils KM, James JA, Kamen DL, Gilkeson GS, Niewold TB, Merrill JT, Scofield RH, Criswell LA, Stevens AM, Boackle SA, Kim JH, Choi J, Pons-Estel BA, Freedman BI, Anaya JM, Martin J, Yu CY, Chang DM, Song YW, Langefeld CD, Chen W, Grossman JM, Cantor RM, Hahn BH, Tsao BP. Preferential binding to Elk-1 by SLE-associated IL10 risk allele upregulates IL10 expression. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(10):e1003870. PMID: 24130510; PMCID: PMC3794920.
      20. Caster DJ, Korte EA, Nanda SK, McLeish KR, Oliver RK, G'sell RT, Sheehan RM, Freeman DW, Coventry SC, Kelly JA, Guthridge JM, James JA, Sivils KL, Alarcon-Riquelme ME, Scofield RH, Adrianto I, Gaffney PM, Stevens AM, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Tsao BP, Pons-Estel BA, Jacob C, Kamen DL, Gilkeson GS, Brown EE, Alarcon GS, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Martin J, Merrill JT, Harley JB, Kaufman KM, Reveille JD, Anaya JM, Criswell LA, Vila LM, Petri M, Ramsey-Goldman R, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Vyse TJ, Niewold TB, Cohen P, Powell DW. ABIN1 dysfunction as a genetic basis for lupus nephritis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013 Nov; 24(11):1743-54. PMID: 23970121; PMCID: PMC3810087.
      21. Namjou B, Kim-Howard X, Sun C, Adler A, Chung SA, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, Glenn SB, Guthridge JM, Scofield RH, Kimberly RP, Brown EE, Alarcón GS, Edberg JC, Kim JH, Choi J, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri MA, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Boackle SA, Freedman BI, Tsao BP, Langefeld CD, Vyse TJ, Jacob C, Pons-Estel B, Niewold TB, Moser Sivils KL, Merrill JT, Anaya JM, Gilkeson GS, Gaffney PM, Bae SC, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Harley JB, Criswell LA, James JA, Nath SK. PTPN22 association in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with respect to individual ancestry and clinical sub-phenotypes. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e69404. PMID: 23950893; PMCID: PMC3737240.
      22. Manku H, Langefeld CD, Guerra SG, Malik TH, Alarcon-Riquelme M, Anaya JM, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Brown EE, Criswell LA, Freedman BI, Gaffney PM, Gregersen PA, Guthridge JM, Han SH, Harley JB, Jacob C, James JA, Kamen DL, Kaufman KM, Kelly JA, Martin J, Merrill JT, Moser KL, Niewold TB, Park SY, Pons-Estel BA, Sawalha AH, Scofield RH, Shen N, Stevens AM, Sun C, Gilkeson GS, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Nath SK, Tsao BP, Vyse TJ. Trans-ancestral studies fine map the SLE-susceptibility locus TNFSF4. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(7):e1003554. PMID: 23874208; PMCID: PMC3715547.
      23. Ramos PS, Oates JC, Kamen DL, Williams AH, Gaffney PM, Kelly JA, Kaufman KM, Kimberly RP, Niewold TB, Jacob C, Tsao BP, Alarcón GS, Brown EE, Edberg JC, Petri MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, James JA, Guthridge JM, Merrill JT, Boackle SA, Freedman BI, Scofield RH, Stevens AM, Vyse TJ, Criswell LA, Moser KL, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Langefeld CD, Harley JB, Gilkeson GS. Variable association of reactive intermediate genes with systemic lupus erythematosus in populations with different African ancestry. J Rheumatol. 2013 Jun; 40(6):842-9. PMID: 23637325; PMCID: PMC3735344.
      24. Jacob C, Yu N, Guo S, Jacob N, Quinn WJ, Sindhava V, Cancro MP, Goilav B, Putterman C, Migone TS, Stohl W. Development of systemic lupus erythematosus in NZM 2328 mice in the absence of any single BAFF receptor. Arthritis Rheum. 2013 Apr; 65(4):1043-54. PMID: 23334904; PMCID: PMC3618582.
      25. Deng Y, Zhao J, Sakurai D, Kaufman KM, Edberg JC, Kimberly RP, Kamen DL, Gilkeson GS, Jacob C, Scofield RH, Langefeld CD, Kelly JA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri MA, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Alarcón GS, Vyse TJ, Pons-Estel BA, Freedman BI, Gaffney PM, Sivils KM, James JA, Gregersen PK, Anaya JM, Niewold TB, Merrill JT, Criswell LA, Stevens AM, Boackle SA, Cantor RM, Chen W, Grossman JM, Hahn BH, Harley JB, Alarc?n-Riquelme ME, Brown EE, Tsao BP. MicroRNA-3148 modulates allelic expression of toll-like receptor 7 variant associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(2):e1003336. PMID: 23468661; PMCID: PMC3585142.
      26. Molineros JE, Maiti AK, Sun C, Looger LL, Han S, Kim-Howard X, Glenn S, Adler A, Kelly JA, Niewold TB, Gilkeson GS, Brown EE, Alarcón GS, Edberg JC, Petri M, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Freedman BI, Tsao BP, Criswell LA, Jacob C, Moore JH, Vyse TJ, Langefeld CL, Guthridge JM, Gaffney PM, Moser KL, Scofield RH, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Williams SM, Merrill JT, James JA, Kaufman KM, Kimberly RP, Harley JB, Nath SK. Admixture mapping in lupus identifies multiple functional variants within IFIH1 associated with apoptosis, inflammation, and autoantibody production. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(2):e1003222. PMID: 23441136; PMCID: PMC3575474.
      27. Sánchez E, Rasmussen A, Riba L, Acevedo-Vasquez E, Kelly JA, Langefeld CD, Williams AH, Ziegler JT, Comeau ME, Marion MC, García-De La Torre I, Maradiaga-Ceceña MA, Cardiel MH, Esquivel-Valerio JA, Rodriguez-Amado J, Moctezuma JF, Miranda P, Perandones CE, Castel C, Laborde HA, Alba P, Musuruana JL, Goecke IA, Anaya JM, Kaufman KM, Adler A, Glenn SB, Brown EE, Alarcón GS, Kimberly RP, Edberg JC, Vilá LM, Criswell LA, Gilkeson GS, Niewold TB, Martín J, Vyse TJ, Boackle SA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Scofield RH, Petri M, Merrill JT, Reveille JD, Tsao BP, Orozco L, Baca V, Moser KL, Gaffney PM, James JA, Harley JB, Tusié-Luna T, Pons-Estel BA, Jacob C, Alarcón-Riquelme ME. Impact of genetic ancestry and sociodemographic status on the clinical expression of systemic lupus erythematosus in American Indian-European populations. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Nov; 64(11):3687-94. PMID: 22886787; PMCID: PMC3485439.
      28. Adrianto I, Wang S, Wiley GB, Lessard CJ, Kelly JA, Adler AJ, Glenn SB, Williams AH, Ziegler JT, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Wakeland BE, Liang C, Kaufman KM, Guthridge JM, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Alarcón GS, Anaya JM, Bae SC, Kim JH, Joo YB, Boackle SA, Brown EE, Petri MA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Criswell LA, Edberg JC, Freedman BI, Gilkeson GS, Jacob C, James JA, Kamen DL, Kimberly RP, Martín J, Merrill JT, Niewold TB, Pons-Estel BA, Scofield RH, Stevens AM, Tsao BP, Vyse TJ, Langefeld CD, Harley JB, Wakeland EK, Moser KL, Montgomery CG, Gaffney PM. Association of two independent functional risk haplotypes in TNIP1 with systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Nov; 64(11):3695-705. PMID: 22833143; PMCID: PMC3485412.
      29. Kaufman KM, Zhao J, Kelly JA, Hughes T, Adler A, Sanchez E, Ojwang JO, Langefeld CD, Ziegler JT, Williams AH, Comeau ME, Marion MC, Glenn SB, Cantor RM, Grossman JM, Hahn BH, Song YW, Yu CY, James JA, Guthridge JM, Brown EE, Alarcón GS, Kimberly RP, Edberg JC, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri MA, Reveille JD, Vilá LM, Anaya JM, Boackle SA, Stevens AM, Freedman BI, Criswell LA, Pons Estel BA, Lee JH, Lee JS, Chang DM, Scofield RH, Gilkeson GS, Merrill JT, Niewold TB, Vyse TJ, Bae SC, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Jacob C, Moser Sivils K, Gaffney PM, Harley JB, Sawalha AH, Tsao BP. Fine mapping of Xq28: both MECP2 and IRAK1 contribute to risk for systemic lupus erythematosus in multiple ancestral groups. Ann Rheum Dis. 2013 Mar; 72(3):437-44. PMID: 22904263; PMCID: PMC3567234.
      30. Jacob N, Jacob C. Genetics of rheumatoid arthritis: an impressionist perspective. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2012 May; 38(2):243-57. PMID: 22819082.
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      31. Jacob C, Guo S, Jacob N, Pawar RD, Putterman C, Quinn WJ, Cancro MP, Migone TS, Stohl W. Dispensability of APRIL to the development of systemic lupus erythematosus in NZM 2328 mice. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 May; 64(5):1610-9. PMID: 22127792; PMCID: PMC3292707.
      32. Kim K, Brown EE, Choi CB, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Kelly JA, Glenn SB, Ojwang JO, Adler A, Lee HS, Boackle SA, Criswell LA, Alarcón GS, Edberg JC, Stevens AM, Jacob C, Gilkeson GS, Kamen DL, Tsao BP, Anaya JM, Guthridge JM, Nath SK, Richardson B, Sawalha AH, Kang YM, Shim SC, Suh CH, Lee SK, Kim CS, Merrill JT, Petri M, Ramsey-Goldman R, Vilá LM, Niewold TB, Martin J, Pons-Estel BA, Vyse TJ, Freedman BI, Moser KL, Gaffney PM, Williams A, Comeau M, Reveille JD, James JA, Scofield RH, Langefeld CD, Kaufman KM, Harley JB, Kang C, Kimberly RP, Bae SC. Variation in the ICAM1-ICAM4-ICAM5 locus is associated with systemic lupus erythematosus susceptibility in multiple ancestries. Ann Rheum Dis. 2012 Nov; 71(11):1809-14. PMID: 22523428; PMCID: PMC3466387.
      33. Lessard CJ, Adrianto I, Ice JA, Wiley GB, Kelly JA, Glenn SB, Adler AJ, Li H, Rasmussen A, Williams AH, Ziegler J, Comeau ME, Marion M, Wakeland BE, Liang C, Ramos PS, Grundahl KM, Gallant CJ, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Alarcón GS, Anaya JM, Bae SC, Boackle SA, Brown EE, Chang DM, Cho SK, Criswell LA, Edberg JC, Freedman BI, Gilkeson GS, Jacob C, James JA, Kamen DL, Kimberly RP, Kim JH, Martin J, Merrill JT, Niewold TB, Park SY, Petri MA, Pons-Estel BA, Ramsey-Goldman R, Reveille JD, Scofield RH, Song YW, Stevens AM, Tsao BP, Vila LM, Vyse TJ, Yu CY, Guthridge JM, Kaufman KM, Harley JB, Wakeland EK, Langefeld CD, Gaffney PM, Montgomery CG, Moser KL. Identification of IRF8, TMEM39A, and IKZF3-ZPBP2 as susceptibility loci for systemic lupus erythematosus in a large-scale multiracial replication study. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Apr 06; 90(4):648-60. PMID: 22464253; PMCID: PMC3322228.
      34. Hughes T, Adler A, Kelly JA, Kaufman KM, Williams AH, Langefeld CD, Brown EE, Alarcón GS, Kimberly RP, Edberg JC, Ramsey-Goldman R, Petri M, Boackle SA, Stevens AM, Reveille JD, Sanchez E, Martín J, Niewold TB, Vilá LM, Scofield RH, Gilkeson GS, Gaffney PM, Criswell LA, Moser KL, Merrill JT, Jacob C, Tsao BP, James JA, Vyse TJ, Alarcón-Riquelme ME, Harley JB, Richardson BC, Sawalha AH. Evidence for gene-gene epistatic interactions among susceptibility loci for systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Feb; 64(2):485-92. PMID: 21952918; PMCID: PMC3268866.
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      63. Guo D, Li M, Zhang Y, Yang P, Eckenrode S, Hopkins D, Zheng W, Purohit S, Podolsky RH, Muir A, Wang J, Dong Z, Brusko T, Atkinson M, Pozzilli P, Zeidler A, Raffel LJ, Jacob C, Park Y, Serrano-Rios M, Larrad MT, Zhang Z, Garchon HJ, Bach JF, Rotter JI, She JX, Wang CY. A functional variant of SUMO4, a new I kappa B alpha modifier, is associated with type 1 diabetes. Nat Genet. 2004 Aug; 36(8):837-41. PMID: 15247916.
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