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    April Armstrong, MD

    TitleAssociate Professor of Clinical Dermatology
    SchoolKeck School of Medicine of USC
    DepartmentDermatology
    vCardDownload vCard
      Other Positions
      TitleAssociate Dean For Clinical Research


      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      Dr. April Armstrong is Associate Dean of Clinical Research at Keck School of Medicine at USC. She also serves as Director of Clinical Research for the Southern California Clinical and Translational Research Institute (SC CTSI). In the Department of Dermatology at USC, she serves as Vice Chair, Director of Clinical Trials and Outcomes Research, and Director of the Psoriasis Program.

      Dr. Armstrong obtained her medical degree from Harvard Medical School and completed dermatology residency at the Harvard Dermatology Residency Program. She also obtained a Master of Public Health degree from Harvard School of Public Health. Prior to joining faculty at the University of Southern California, Dr. Armstrong served as Vice Chair, Director of Clinical Research, and Director of Psoriasis Program at dermatology departments at the University of California Davis and later at the University of Colorado.

      For her research focus, Dr. Armstrong is particularly interested in the appropriate use of systemic agents, comparative effectiveness research, technology-enabled healthcare delivery, and comorbidities associated with inflammatory skin diseases. Dr. Armstrong has conducted studies examining how new therapies impact patients’ disease states, quality of life, and their access to medical care. She is also examining how technology-enabled healthcare delivery can be applied to manage patients with chronic dermatological diseases. She is a federally funded investigator with an extensive clinical trial experience, having led or collaborated on over 120 studies. She has authored over 150 peer-reviewed scientific publications and has been an editor for the top pharmacology textbook Principles of Pharmacology. Her work has been supported by the NIH, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the Dermatology Foundation, and the National Psoriasis Foundation.

      Dr. Armstrong has held multiple leadership positions at professional societies, serving as a Medical Board of the National Psoriasis Foundation, Councilor to the International Psoriasis Council, Steering Committee Member for Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis. Dr. Armstrong is Chair for Teledermatology SIG at the American Telemedicine Association. She also has served on multiple task forces and committees at the American Academy of Dermatology. Dr. Armstrong also has also served on the editorial boards of JAMA Dermatology, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, and Telemedicine and eHealth. She was also past President of Sacramento Valley Dermatologic Society.


      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Clinical Trials
      Collapse Awards and Honors
      Harvard Medical School 2004Richard C. Cabot Prize for Excellence in Medical Education
      American Telemedicine Association2006  - 2008Innovative Research Award in Teledermatology
      21st World Congress of Dermatology2007Outstanding Clinical Research Award
      Women's Dermatologic Society2009Academic Research Award
      Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) 2009  - 2013K08 Mentored Career Development Award
      Dermatology Foundation2009Career Development Award in Health Care Policy
      University of California Davis (funded through NIH)2009K12 Mentored Career Development Award
      American Academy of Dermatology2011President’s Award for Volunteerism in Telemedicine
      International League of Dermatological Societies (ILDS).2014International Achievement Award

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Gibbons C, Singh S, Gibbons B, Clark C, Torres J, Cheng MY, Wang EA, Armstrong A. Using qualitative methods to understand factors contributing to patient satisfaction among dermatology patients: a systematic review. J Dermatolog Treat. 2017 Sep 11; 1-5. PMID: 28817990.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Bui TL, Silva-Hirschberg C, Torres J, Armstrong A. Are patients comprehending? A critical assessment of online patient educational materials. J Dermatolog Treat. 2017 Sep 04; 1-21. PMID: 28866954.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Singh S, Taylor C, Kornmehl H, Armstrong A. Psoriasis and suicidality: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017 Sep; 77(3):425-440.e2. PMID: 28807109.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Armstrong A, Puig L, Langley R, Tsai TF, Song M, Wasfi Y, Jiang J, Li S, Han C. Validation of psychometric properties and development of response criteria for the Psoriasis Symptoms and Signs Diary (PSSD): results from a phase III clinical trial. J Dermatolog Treat. 2017 Aug 11; 1-31. PMID: 28797188.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Perez-Chada LM, Singh S, Callis-Duffin K, Garg A, Gottlieb AB, Latella J, Armstrong A, Merola JF. International Dermatology Outcome Measures (IDEOM) Group 2016 New York Meeting: Meeting Summary and Data from the Psoriasis Working Group. J Drugs Dermatol. 2017 Aug 01; 16(8):770-777. PMID: 28809992.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Adler BL, Kornmehl H, Armstrong A. Antibiotic Resistance in Acne Treatment. JAMA Dermatol. 2017 Aug 01; 153(8):810-811. PMID: 28636689.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Singh S, Young P, Armstrong A. An update on psoriasis and metabolic syndrome: A meta-analysis of observational studies. PLoS One. 2017; 12(7):e0181039. PMID: 28719618.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Singh S, Ehsani-Chimeh N, Kornmehl H, Armstrong A. Quality of life among dermatology patients: a systematic review of investigations using qualitative methods. G Ital Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Jul 13. PMID: 28712272.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Koo J, Marangell LB, Nakamura M, Armstrong A, Jeon C, Bhutani T, Wu JJ. Depression and suicidality in psoriasis: review of the literature including the cytokine theory of depression. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Jul 06. PMID: 28681405.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Armstrong A, Zhao Y, Herrera V, Li Y, Bancroft T, Hull M, Altan A. Drivers of Healthcare Costs Among the Costliest Patients With Psoriasis Over Three Years in a United States Health Plan. J Drugs Dermatol. 2017 Jul 01; 16(7):651-658. PMID: 28697216.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Shear NH, Alhusayen R, Fernandez-Obregon A, Kimball AB, Menter A, Wu JJ, Goyal K, Patel H, Lin R, Armstrong A. Observations from our evaluation of bodyweight changes after initiation of a biologic therapy in the Psoriasis Longitudinal Assessment and Registry (PSOLAR). J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017 Jun 16. PMID: 28622413.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Kornmehl H, Singh S, Johnson MA, Armstrong A. Direct-Access Online Care for the Management of Atopic Dermatitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial Examining Patient Quality of Life. Telemed J E Health. 2017 Jun 01. PMID: 28570163.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Armstrong A, Zhao Y, Herrera V, Li Y, Bancroft T, Hull M, Altan A. Rethinking costs of psoriasis: 10% of patients account for nearly 40% of healthcare expenditures among enrollees with psoriasis in a U.S. health plan. J Dermatolog Treat. 2017 Mar 20; 1-10. PMID: 28320213.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Armstrong A, Banderas B, Foley C, Stokes J, Sundaram M, Shields AL. Development and psychometric evaluation of the self-assessment of psoriasis symptoms (SAPS) - clinical trial and the SAPS - real world patient-reported outcomes. J Dermatolog Treat. 2017 Mar 02; 1-10. PMID: 28147886.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Elman SA, Merola JF, Armstrong A, Duffin KC, Latella J, Garg A, Gottlieb AB. The International Dermatology Outcome Measures (IDEOM) Initiative: A Review and Update. J Drugs Dermatol. 2017 Feb 01; 16(2):119-124. PMID: 28300853.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Reich K, Armstrong A, Foley P, Song M, Wasfi Y, Randazzo B, Li S, Shen YK, Gordon KB. Efficacy and safety of guselkumab, an anti-interleukin-23 monoclonal antibody, compared with adalimumab for the treatment of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis with randomized withdrawal and retreatment: Results from the phase III, double-blind, placebo- and active comparator-controlled VOYAGE 2 trial. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017 Mar; 76(3):418-431. PMID: 28057361.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Afifi L, Shankle L, Armstrong A, Boas M, Bridges A, Chiguil V, Doris F, Callis Duffin K, Fielding E, Fleischmann R, Gelfand JM, Kiselica M, Kiselica C, LaFoy B, Latella JJ, Takeshita J, Truman S, Wan MT, Wilkerson V, Wu JJ, Siegel MP, Liao W. National Psoriasis Foundation Priorities for Patient-Centered Research: Proceedings from the 2016 Conference. J Psoriasis Psoriatic Arthritis. 2017; 2(3):73-80. PMID: 28825055.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Armstrong A, Villanueva Quintero DG, Echeverría CM, Gu Y, Karunaratne M, Reyes Servín O. Body Region Involvement and Quality of Life in Psoriasis: Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Adalimumab. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2016 Dec; 17(6):691-699. PMID: 27815915.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Armstrong A, Koning JW, Rowse S, Tan H, Mamolo C, Kaur M. Under-Treatment of Patients with Moderate to Severe Psoriasis in the United States: Analysis of Medication Usage with Health Plan Data. Dermatol Ther (Heidelb). 2017 Mar; 7(1):97-109. PMID: 27905011.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Armstrong A, Siegel MP, Bagel J, Boh EE, Buell M, Cooper KD, Callis Duffin K, Eichenfield LF, Garg A, Gelfand JM, Gottlieb AB, Koo JY, Korman NJ, Krueger GG, Lebwohl MG, Leonardi CL, Mandelin AM, Menter MA, Merola JF, Pariser DM, Prussick RB, Ryan C, Shah KN, Weinberg JM, Williams MO, Wu JJ, Yamauchi PS, Van Voorhees AS. From the Medical Board of the National Psoriasis Foundation: Treatment targets for plaque psoriasis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017 Feb; 76(2):290-298. PMID: 27908543.
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      21. Reich K, Blauvelt A, Armstrong A, Langley RG, Fox T, Huang J, Papavassilis C, Liang E, Lloyd P, Bruin G. Secukinumab, a fully human anti-interleukin-17A monoclonal antibody, exhibits minimal immunogenicity in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Br J Dermatol. 2017 Mar; 176(3):752-758. PMID: 27518376.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Agbai ON, Davari P, Johnson J, Armstrong A, Fazel N. Effect of a Pre-Treatment Educational Video in Improving Patient Satisfaction with 5-Fluorouracil Treatment for Actinic Keratoses: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Dermatol Ther (Heidelb). 2016 Dec; 6(4):675-681. PMID: 27778164.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Gottlieb A, Menter A, Armstrong A, Ocampo C, Gu Y, Teixeira HD. Adalimumab Treatment in Women With Moderate-to-Severe Hidradenitis Suppurativa from the Placebo-Controlled Portion of a Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind Study. J Drugs Dermatol. 2016 Oct 01; 15(10):1192-1196. PMID: 27741335.
        View in: PubMed
      24. McKoy K, Antoniotti NM, Armstrong A, Bashshur R, Bernard J, Bernstein D, Burdick A, Edison K, Goldyne M, Kovarik C, Krupinski EA, Kvedar J, Larkey J, Lee-Keltner I, Lipoff JB, Oh DH, Pak H, Seraly MP, Siegel D, Tejasvi T, Whited J. Practice Guidelines for Teledermatology. Telemed J E Health. 2016 Dec; 22(12):981-990. PMID: 27690203.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Hill MK, Kheirandish Pishkenari A, Braunberger TL, Armstrong A, Dunnick CA. Recent trends in disease severity and quality of life instruments for patients with atopic dermatitis: A systematic review. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016 Nov; 75(5):906-917. PMID: 27615798.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Singh S, Young P, Armstrong A. Relationship between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome: a systematic review. G Ital Dermatol Venereol. 2016 Dec; 151(6):663-677. PMID: 27589483.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Armstrong A, Feldman SR, Korman NJ, Meng X, Guana A, Nyirady J, Herrera V, Zhao Y. Assessing the overall benefit of a medication: cumulative benefit of secukinumab over time in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. J Dermatolog Treat. 2017 May; 28(3):200-205. PMID: 27541729.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Kimball AB, Okun MM, Williams DA, Gottlieb AB, Papp KA, Zouboulis CC, Armstrong A, Kerdel F, Gold MH, Forman SB, Korman NJ, Giamarellos-Bourboulis EJ, Crowley JJ, Lynde C, Reguiai Z, Prens EP, Alwawi E, Mostafa NM, Pinsky B, Sundaram M, Gu Y, Carlson DM, Jemec GB. Two Phase 3 Trials of Adalimumab for Hidradenitis Suppurativa. N Engl J Med. 2016 Aug 04; 375(5):422-34. PMID: 27518661.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Armstrong A, Bukhalo M, Blauvelt A. A Clinician's Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Candidiasis in Patients with Psoriasis. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2016 Aug; 17(4):329-36. PMID: 27435194; PMCID: PMC4963441.
      30. Armstrong A, Betts KA, Sundaram M, Thomason D, Signorovitch JE. Comparative efficacy and incremental cost per responder of methotrexate versus apremilast for methotrexate-naïve patients with psoriasis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016 Oct; 75(4):740-6. PMID: 27476973.
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      31. Choi YM, Debbaneh M, Weinberg JM, Yamauchi PS, Van Voorhees AS, Armstrong A, Siegel M, Wu JJ. From the Medical Board of the National Psoriasis Foundation: Perioperative management of systemic immunomodulatory agents in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016 Oct; 75(4):798-805.e7. PMID: 27461230.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Awasthi S, Wilken R, Patel F, German JB, Mills DA, Lebrilla CB, Kim K, Freeman SL, Smilowitz JT, Armstrong A, Maverakis E. Dietary supplementation with Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis (B. infantis) in healthy breastfed infants: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2016 Jul 22; 17(1):340. PMID: 27449926; PMCID: PMC4957407.
      33. Ratnarathorn M, Petukhova TA, Armstrong A, Wang AS, King TH, Eisen DB. Perceptions of Aesthetic Outcome of Linear vs Multiple Z-Plasty Scars in a National Survey. JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2016 Jul 01; 18(4):263-7. PMID: 27054523.
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      34. Armstrong A, Lynde CW, McBride SR, Ståhle M, Edson-Heredia E, Zhu B, Amato D, Nikaï E, Yang FE, Gordon KB. Effect of Ixekizumab Treatment on Work Productivity for Patients With Moderate-to-Severe Plaque Psoriasis: Analysis of Results From 3 Randomized Phase 3 Clinical Trials. JAMA Dermatol. 2016 Jun 01; 152(6):661-9. PMID: 26953848.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Armstrong A, Papp K, Kircik L. Secukinumab: Review of Clinical Evidence from the Pivotal Studies ERASURE, FIXTURE, and CLEAR. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2016 Jun; 9(6 Suppl 1):S7-S12. PMID: 28439341.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Armstrong A, Vender R, Kircik L. Secukinumab in the Treatment of Palmoplantar, Nail, Scalp, and Pustular Psoriasis. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2016 Jun; 9(6 Suppl 1):S12-S16. PMID: 28439342.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Yim KM, Armstrong A. Updates on cardiovascular comorbidities associated with psoriatic diseases: epidemiology and mechanisms. Rheumatol Int. 2017 Jan; 37(1):97-105. PMID: 27221457.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Merola JF, Armstrong A, Saraiya A, Latella J, Garg A, Callis Duffin K, Gottlieb AB. International Dermatology Outcome Measures Initiative as Applied to Psoriatic Disease Outcomes: An Update. J Rheumatol. 2016 May; 43(5):959-60. PMID: 27134269.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Do D, Armstrong A. Screening Recommendations for Hepatitis B Virus Infection. JAMA Dermatol. 2016 May 01; 152(5):565-6. PMID: 27049505.
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      40. Coates LC, Kavanaugh A, Mease PJ, Soriano ER, Laura Acosta-Felquer M, Armstrong A, Bautista-Molano W, Boehncke WH, Campbell W, Cauli A, Espinoza LR, FitzGerald O, Gladman DD, Gottlieb A, Helliwell PS, Husni ME, Love TJ, Lubrano E, McHugh N, Nash P, Ogdie A, Orbai AM, Parkinson A, O'Sullivan D, Rosen CF, Schwartzman S, Siegel EL, Toloza S, Tuong W, Ritchlin CT. Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis 2015 Treatment Recommendations for Psoriatic Arthritis. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016 May; 68(5):1060-71. PMID: 26749174.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Bangash HK, Eisen DB, Armstrong A, Nelson AA, Jalian HR, Alam M, Avram MM, Ibrahimi OA. Who are the Pioneers? A Critical Analysis of Innovation and Expertise in Cutaneous Noninvasive and Minimally Invasive Cosmetic and Surgical Procedures. Dermatol Surg. 2016 Mar; 42(3):335-51. PMID: 26918969.
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      42. Papp KA, Armstrong A, Reich K, Karunaratne M, Valdecantos W. Adalimumab Efficacy in Patients with Psoriasis Who Received or Did Not Respond to Prior Systemic Therapy: A Pooled Post Hoc Analysis of Results from Three Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2016 Feb; 17(1):79-86. PMID: 26547918; PMCID: PMC4733136.
      43. Lebwohl MG, Kavanaugh A, Armstrong A, Van Voorhees AS. US Perspectives in the Management of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis: Patient and Physician Results from the Population-Based Multinational Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis (MAPP) Survey. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2016 Feb; 17(1):87-97. PMID: 26718712; PMCID: PMC4733141.
      44. Armstrong A, Aldredge L, Yamauchi PS. Managing Patients With Psoriasis in the Busy Clinic: Practical Tips for Health Care Practitioners. J Cutan Med Surg. 2016 May; 20(3):196-206. PMID: 26712930; PMCID: PMC4834511.
      45. Florek AG, Eilers D, Armstrong A. A case of Kaposi sarcoma in an immunocompetent, heterosexual Irish man: a discussion of etiology and viral transmission. Dermatol Online J. 2015 Oct 16; 21(10). PMID: 26632797.
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      46. Armstrong A, Florek AG. Response to: "is tonsillectomy a therapeutic option for plaque-type psoriasis?". J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015 Oct; 73(4):e155. PMID: 26369861.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Lebwohl M, Strober B, Menter A, Gordon K, Weglowska J, Puig L, Papp K, Spelman L, Toth D, Kerdel F, Armstrong A, Stingl G, Kimball AB, Bachelez H, Wu JJ, Crowley J, Langley RG, Blicharski T, Paul C, Lacour JP, Tyring S, Kircik L, Chimenti S, Callis Duffin K, Bagel J, Koo J, Aras G, Li J, Song W, Milmont CE, Shi Y, Erondu N, Klekotka P, Kotzin B, Nirula A. Phase 3 Studies Comparing Brodalumab with Ustekinumab in Psoriasis. N Engl J Med. 2015 Oct; 373(14):1318-28. PMID: 26422722.
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      48. Fathi R, Armstrong A. The Role of Biologic Therapies in Dermatology. Med Clin North Am. 2015 Nov; 99(6):1183-94. PMID: 26476247.
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      49. Sharon VR, Armstrong A. Screening Recommendations for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. JAMA Dermatol. 2015 Sep; 151(9):1014-6. PMID: 26177006.
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      50. Tuong W, Wang AS, Armstrong A. Effect of Automated Online Counseling on Clinical Outcomes and Quality of Life Among Adolescents With Acne Vulgaris: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Dermatol. 2015 Sep; 151(9):970-5. PMID: 26017816; PMCID: PMC4985004.
      51. Custis T, Armstrong A, King TH, Sharon VR, Eisen DB. Effect of Adhesive Strips and Dermal Sutures vs Dermal Sutures Only on Wound Closure: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Dermatol. 2015 Aug; 151(8):862-7. PMID: 25875131; PMCID: PMC4982140.
      52. Blauvelt A, Armstrong A, Krueger GG. Essential Truths for the Care and Management of Moderate-to-Severe Psoriasis. J Drugs Dermatol. 2015 Aug; 14(8):805-12. PMID: 26267724.
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      53. Chang S, Chambers CJ, Liu FT, Armstrong A. Successful treatment of psoriasis with ustekinumab in patients with multiple sclerosis. Dermatol Online J. 2015 Jul 15; 21(7). PMID: 26436967.
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      54. Eisen DB, Schupp CW, Isseroff RR, Ibrahimi OA, Ledo L, Armstrong A. Does class attendance matter? Results from a second-year medical school dermatology cohort study. Int J Dermatol. 2015 Jul; 54(7):807-16. PMID: 26108264.
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      55. Updegrove GF, Armstrong A, Mosher TJ, Kim HM. Posterior Displacement of Supraspinatus Central Tendon Observed on Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Useful Preoperative Indicator of Rotator Cuff Tear Characteristics. Arthroscopy. 2015 Nov; 31(11):2089-98. PMID: 26105090.
        View in: PubMed
      56. Hagstrom EL, Patel S, Karimkhani C, Boyers LN, Williams HC, Hay RJ, Weinstock MA, Armstrong A, Dunnick CA, Margolis DJ, Dellavalle RP. Comparing cutaneous research funded by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) with the US skin disease burden. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015 Sep; 73(3):383-91.e1. PMID: 26051697.
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      57. Brezinski EA, Dhillon JS, Armstrong A. Economic Burden of Psoriasis in the United States: A Systematic Review. JAMA Dermatol. 2015 Jun; 151(6):651-8. PMID: 25565304.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Goff KL, Karimkhani C, Boyers LN, Weinstock MA, Lott JP, Hay RJ, Coffeng LE, Norton SA, Naldi L, Dunnick C, Armstrong A, Dellavalle RP. The global burden of psoriatic skin disease. Br J Dermatol. 2015 Jun; 172(6):1665-8. PMID: 25645671.
        View in: PubMed
      59. Armstrong A, Bagel J, Van Voorhees AS, Robertson AD, Yamauchi PS. Combining biologic therapies with other systemic treatments in psoriasis: evidence-based, best-practice recommendations from the Medical Board of the National Psoriasis Foundation. JAMA Dermatol. 2015 Apr; 151(4):432-8. PMID: 25517130.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Wang AS, Wu J, Tuong W, Schupp C, Armstrong A. Effectiveness of a novel interactive health care education tool on clinical outcomes and quality of life in acne patients: A randomized controlled pilot study. J Dermatolog Treat. 2015 Oct; 26(5):435-9. PMID: 25790848.
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      61. Karimkhani C, Boyers LN, Naghavi M, Coffeng LE, Lott JP, Wulf S, Hay R, Williams HC, Weinstock MA, Norton SA, Armstrong A, Dunnick CA, Norris DA, Dellavalle RP. The global burden of disease associated with alopecia areata. Br J Dermatol. 2015; 172(5):1424-6. PMID: 25422028.
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      62. Armstrong A, Guérin A, Sundaram M, Wu EQ, Faust ES, Ionescu-Ittu R, Mulani P. Psoriasis and risk of diabetes-associated microvascular and macrovascular complications. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015 Jun; 72(6):968-77.e2. PMID: 25791800.
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      63. Joo J, Custis T, Armstrong A, King TH, Omlin K, Kappel ST, Eisen DB. Purse-string suture vs second intention healing: results of a randomized, blind clinical trial. JAMA Dermatol. 2015 Mar; 151(3):265-70. PMID: 25372450.
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      64. Tuong W, Armstrong A. Participant satisfaction with appearance-based versus health-based educational videos promoting sunscreen use: a randomized controlled trial. Dermatol Online J. 2015 Feb 16; 21(2). PMID: 25756492.
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      65. Tuong W, Wang AS, Armstrong A. Comparing the effectiveness of automated online counseling to standard web-based education on improving acne knowledge: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2015 Feb; 16(1):55-60. PMID: 25502610; PMCID: PMC4591056.
      66. Armstrong A, Johnson MA, Lin S, Maverakis E, Fazel N, Liu FT. Patient-centered, direct-access online care for management of atopic dermatitis: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Dermatol. 2015 Feb; 151(2):154-60. PMID: 25338198.
        View in: PubMed
      67. Brezinski EA, Armstrong A. An evidence-based review of the mechanism of action, efficacy, and safety of biologic therapies in the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Curr Med Chem. 2015; 22(16):1930-42. PMID: 25921645.
        View in: PubMed
      68. Gottlieb AB, Levin AA, Armstrong A, Abernethy A, Duffin KC, Bhushan R, Garg A, Merola JF, Maccarone M, Christensen R. The International Dermatology Outcome Measures Group: formation of patient-centered outcome measures in dermatology. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015 Feb; 72(2):345-8. PMID: 25486914.
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      69. Sivamani RK, Morley JE, Rehal B, Armstrong A. Comparative prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine use among outpatients in dermatology and primary care clinics. JAMA Dermatol. 2014 Dec; 150(12):1363-5. PMID: 25251705.
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      70. Patel G, Armstrong A, Eisen DB. Efficacy of photodynamic therapy vs other interventions in randomized clinical trials for the treatment of actinic keratoses: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Dermatol. 2014 Dec; 150(12):1281-8. PMID: 25162181.
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      71. Rachakonda TD, Dhillon JS, Florek AG, Armstrong A. Effect of tonsillectomy on psoriasis: a systematic review. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015 Feb; 72(2):261-75. PMID: 25455609.
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      72. Loh E, Armstrong A, Fung MA. Pre-bisection of a single skin biopsy does not produce technically inadequate specimens for direct immunofluorescence: a review of 3450 specimens. J Cutan Pathol. 2014 Nov; 41(11):890-2. PMID: 25262568.
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      73. Armstrong A, Tuong W, Love TJ, Carneiro S, Grynszpan R, Lee SS, Kavanaugh A. Treatments for nail psoriasis: a systematic review by the GRAPPA Nail Psoriasis Work Group. J Rheumatol. 2014 Nov; 41(11):2306-14. PMID: 25362716.
        View in: PubMed
      74. Armstrong A, Wu J, Johnson MA, Grapov D, Azizi B, Dhillon J, Fiehn O. Metabolomics in psoriatic disease: pilot study reveals metabolite differences in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. F1000Res. 2014; 3:248. PMID: 25580230; PMCID: PMC4288418.
      75. Armstrong A. Psoriasis provoked or exacerbated by medications: identifying culprit drugs. JAMA Dermatol. 2014 Sep; 150(9):963. PMID: 24989499.
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      76. Brezinski EA, Harskamp CT, Ledo L, Armstrong A. Public perception of dermatologists and comparison with other medical specialties: results from a national survey. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Nov; 71(5):875-81. PMID: 25175709.
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      77. Wang AS, Kleinerman R, Armstrong A, Fitzmaurice S, Pascucci A, Awasthi S, Ratnarathorn M, Sivamani R, King TH, Eisen DB. Set-back versus buried vertical mattress suturing: results of a randomized blinded trial. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015 Apr; 72(4):674-80. PMID: 25129615.
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      78. Kleinerman R, Armstrong A, Ibrahimi OA, King TH, Eisen DB. Electrobrasion vs. manual dermabrasion: a randomized, double-blind, comparative effectiveness trial. Br J Dermatol. 2014 Jul; 171(1):124-9. PMID: 24641302.
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      79. Wu J, Fiehn O, Armstrong A. Metabolomic analysis using porcine skin: a pilot study of analytical techniques. Dermatol Online J. 2014 Jun 15; 20(6). PMID: 24945638.
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      80. Brezinski EA, Armstrong A. Strategies to maximize treatment success in moderate to severe psoriasis: establishing treatment goals and tailoring of biologic therapies. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2014 Jun; 33(2):91-7. PMID: 25085668.
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      81. Foolad N, Armstrong A. Prebiotics and probiotics: the prevention and reduction in severity of atopic dermatitis in children. Benef Microbes. 2014 Jun 01; 5(2):151-60. PMID: 24463205.
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      82. Bangash HK, Ibrahimi OA, Green LJ, Alam M, Eisen DB, Armstrong A. Who do you prefer? A study of public preferences for health care provider type in performing cutaneous surgery and cosmetic procedures in the United States. Dermatol Surg. 2014 Jun; 40(6):671-8. PMID: 24852472.
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      83. Gottlieb AB, Armstrong A, Christensen R, Garg A, Duffin KC, Boehncke WH, Merola JF, Gladman DD, Mease PJ, Swerlick RA, Rosen CF, Abernethy A. The International Dermatology Outcome Measures initiative as applied to psoriatic disease outcomes: a report from the GRAPPA 2013 meeting. J Rheumatol. 2014 Jun; 41(6):1227-9. PMID: 24882858.
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      84. Armstrong A, Gelfand JM, Garg A. Outcomes research in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis using large databases and research networks: a report from the GRAPPA 2013 Annual Meeting. J Rheumatol. 2014 Jun; 41(6):1233-6. PMID: 24882860.
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      85. Duffin KC, Garg A, Armstrong A, Helliwell P, Mease PJ. Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis educational initiatives: an update from the 2013 GRAPPA Annual Meeting. J Rheumatol. 2014 Jun; 41(6):1240-3. PMID: 24882862.
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      86. Hsu L, Armstrong A. JAK inhibitors: treatment efficacy and safety profile in patients with psoriasis. J Immunol Res. 2014; 2014:283617. PMID: 24883332; PMCID: PMC4027021.
      87. Mease PJ, Armstrong A. Managing patients with psoriatic disease: the diagnosis and pharmacologic treatment of psoriatic arthritis in patients with psoriasis. Drugs. 2014 Mar; 74(4):423-41. PMID: 24566842; PMCID: PMC3958815.
      88. Tuong W, Armstrong A. Effect of appearance-based education compared with health-based education on sunscreen use and knowledge: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Apr; 70(4):665-9. PMID: 24508292.
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      89. Campbell T, Armstrong A, Schupp CW, Barr K, Eisen DB. Surgeon error and slide quality during Mohs micrographic surgery: is there a relationship with tumor recurrence? J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Feb; 70(2):386-7. PMID: 24438960.
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      90. Armstrong A, Harskamp CT, Dhillon JS, Armstrong EJ. Psoriasis and smoking: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Dermatol. 2014 Feb; 170(2):304-14. PMID: 24117435.
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      91. Hsu L, Snodgrass BT, Armstrong A. Antidrug antibodies in psoriasis: a systematic review. Br J Dermatol. 2014 Feb; 170(2):261-73. PMID: 24117166.
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      92. Rachakonda TD, Schupp CW, Armstrong A. Psoriasis prevalence among adults in the United States. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Mar; 70(3):512-6. PMID: 24388724.
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      93. Brezinski EA, Follansbee MR, Armstrong EJ, Armstrong A. Endothelial dysfunction and the effects of TNF inhibitors on the endothelium in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis: a systematic review. Curr Pharm Des. 2014; 20(4):513-28. PMID: 23565632.
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      94. Armstrong A, Brezinski EA, Follansbee MR, Armstrong EJ. Effects of biologic agents and other disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs on cardiovascular outcomes in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis: a systematic review. Curr Pharm Des. 2014; 20(4):500-12. PMID: 23565631.
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      95. Armstrong A, Powell C, Powell R, Hallam N, Taylor J, Bird J, Sarran C, Oliver D. Are we seeing the effects of public awareness campaigns? A 10-year analysis of Breslow thickness at presentation of malignant melanoma in the South West of England. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2014 Mar; 67(3):324-30. PMID: 24434052.
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      96. Armstrong A, Azizi S, Wu J, Harskamp CT, Farrow J, Johnson MA, Klem K, Anderson D, Armstrong EJ. Psoriasis, electrocardiographic characteristics, and incidence of atrial fibrillation. Arch Dermatol Res. 2013 Dec; 305(10):891-7. PMID: 24166719.
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      97. Armstrong A, Robertson AD, Wu J, Schupp C, Lebwohl MG. Undertreatment, treatment trends, and treatment dissatisfaction among patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis in the United States: findings from the National Psoriasis Foundation surveys, 2003-2011. JAMA Dermatol. 2013 Oct; 149(10):1180-5. PMID: 23945732.
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      98. Hsu L, Armstrong A. Anti-drug antibodies in psoriasis: a critical evaluation of clinical significance and impact on treatment response. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2013 Oct; 9(10):949-58. PMID: 24128157.
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      99. Armstrong A. Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors and myocardial infarction in psoriasis--reply. JAMA. 2013 Sep 11; 310(10):1076. PMID: 24026612.
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      100. Harskamp CT, Armstrong A. Immunology of atopic dermatitis: novel insights into mechanisms and immunomodulatory therapies. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2013 Sep; 32(3):132-9. PMID: 24175400.
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      101. Ma C, Schupp CW, Armstrong EJ, Armstrong A. Psoriasis and dyslipidemia: a population-based study analyzing the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2014 Aug; 28(8):1109-12. PMID: 23909936.
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      102. Callis Duffin K, Armstrong A, Mease PJ. Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis video project: an update from the 2012 GRAPPA annual meeting. J Rheumatol. 2013 Aug; 40(8):1455-6. PMID: 23908546.
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      103. Armstrong A, Coates LC, Espinoza LR, Ogdie AR, Rich P, Soriano ER. Infectious, oncologic, and autoimmune comorbidities of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis: a report from the GRAPPA 2012 annual meeting. J Rheumatol. 2013 Aug; 40(8):1438-41. PMID: 23908541.
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      104. Armstrong A, Gelfand JM, Boehncke WH, Armstrong EJ. Cardiovascular comorbidities of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis: a report from the GRAPPA 2012 annual meeting. J Rheumatol. 2013 Aug; 40(8):1434-7. PMID: 23908540.
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      105. Ma C, Armstrong A. Severe adverse events from the treatment of advanced melanoma: a systematic review of severe side effects associated with ipilimumab, vemurafenib, interferon alfa-2b, dacarbazine and interleukin-2. J Dermatolog Treat. 2014 Oct; 25(5):401-8. PMID: 23763243.
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      106. Ho B, Lee M, Armstrong A. Evaluation criteria for mobile teledermatology applications and comparison of major mobile teledermatology applications. Telemed J E Health. 2013 Sep; 19(9):678-82. PMID: 23808886.
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      107. Wang AS, Armstrong EJ, Armstrong A. Corticosteroids and wound healing: clinical considerations in the perioperative period. Am J Surg. 2013 Sep; 206(3):410-7. PMID: 23759697.
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      108. Armstrong A, Wu J. Reply: To PMID 22459360. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2013 Jun; 68(6):1042-3. PMID: 23680198.
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      109. Bhutani T, Wong JW, Bebo BF, Armstrong A. Access to health care in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis: data from National Psoriasis Foundation survey panels. JAMA Dermatol. 2013 Jun; 149(6):717-21. PMID: 23783152.
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      110. Armstrong A, Harskamp CT, Schupp CW. Psoriasis and Sexual Behavior in Men: examination of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in the United States. J Sex Med. 2014 Feb; 11(2):394-400. PMID: 23679217.
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      111. Armstrong A. Do TNF inhibitors reduce the risk of myocardial infarction in psoriasis patients? JAMA. 2013 May 15; 309(19):2043-4. PMID: 23677316.
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      112. Armstrong A, Parsi K, Schupp CW, Mease PJ, Duffin KC. Standardizing training for psoriasis measures: effectiveness of an online training video on Psoriasis Area and Severity Index assessment by physician and patient raters. JAMA Dermatol. 2013 May; 149(5):577-82. PMID: 23426158.
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      113. Handler MZ, Derrick KM, Lutz RE, Morrell DS, Davenport ML, Armstrong A. Prevalence of pilomatricoma in Turner syndrome: findings from a multicenter study. JAMA Dermatol. 2013 May; 149(5):559-64. PMID: 23426075.
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      114. Campbell T, Armstrong A, Schupp CW, Barr K, Eisen DB. Surgeon error and slide quality during Mohs micrographic surgery: is there a relationship with tumor recurrence? J Am Acad Dermatol. 2013 Jul; 69(1):105-11. PMID: 23582570.
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      115. Armstrong EJ, Harskamp CT, Armstrong A. Psoriasis and major adverse cardiovascular events: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. J Am Heart Assoc. 2013 Apr 04; 2(2):e000062. PMID: 23557749; PMCID: PMC3647278.
      116. Shi VY, Nanda S, Lee K, Armstrong A, Lio PA. Improving patient education with an eczema action plan: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA Dermatol. 2013 Apr; 149(4):481-3. PMID: 23553035.
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      117. Johnson MA, Armstrong A. Clinical and histologic diagnostic guidelines for psoriasis: a critical review. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2013 Apr; 44(2):166-72. PMID: 22278173.
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      118. Armstrong A, Harskamp CT, Armstrong EJ. The association between psoriasis and hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. J Hypertens. 2013 Mar; 31(3):433-42; discussion 442-3. PMID: 23249828.
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      119. Foolad N, Brezinski EA, Chase EP, Armstrong A. Effect of nutrient supplementation on atopic dermatitis in children: a systematic review of probiotics, prebiotics, formula, and fatty acids. JAMA Dermatol. 2013 Mar; 149(3):350-5. PMID: 23682371.
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      120. Johnson JA, Ma C, Kanada KN, Armstrong A. Diet and nutrition in psoriasis: analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in the United States. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2014 Mar; 28(3):327-32. PMID: 23432373.
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      121. Sharon VR, Armstrong A, Jim-On S, Ibrahimi OA, Eisen DB. Postoperative preferences in cutaneous surgery: a patient-centered investigation from an academic dermatologic surgery practice. Dermatol Surg. 2013 May; 39(5):773-8. PMID: 23432932.
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      122. Mercy K, Kwasny M, Cordoro KM, Menter A, Tom WL, Korman N, Belazarian L, Armstrong A, Levy ML, Paller AS. Clinical manifestations of pediatric psoriasis: results of a multicenter study in the United States. Pediatr Dermatol. 2013 Jul-Aug; 30(4):424-8. PMID: 23360462; PMCID: PMC3641153.
      123. Armstrong A, Harskamp CT, Armstrong EJ. Psoriasis and metabolic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2013 Apr; 68(4):654-62. PMID: 23360868.
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      124. Ma C, Harskamp CT, Armstrong EJ, Armstrong A. The association between psoriasis and dyslipidaemia: a systematic review. Br J Dermatol. 2013 Mar; 168(3):486-95. PMID: 23106411.
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      125. Armstrong A, Harskamp CT, Armstrong EJ. Psoriasis and the risk of diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Dermatol. 2013 Jan; 149(1):84-91. PMID: 23407990.
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      126. Armstrong A, Schupp C, Wu J, Bebo B. Quality of life and work productivity impairment among psoriasis patients: findings from the National Psoriasis Foundation survey data 2003-2011. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e52935. PMID: 23285231; PMCID: PMC3532407.
      127. Sharon VR, Armstrong A, Jim On SC, Ibrahimi OA, Eisen DB. Separate- versus same-day preoperative consultation in dermatologic surgery: a patient-centered investigation in an academic practice. Dermatol Surg. 2013 Feb; 39(2):240-7. PMID: 23279092.
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      128. Armstrong A, Harskamp CT, Armstrong EJ. The association between psoriasis and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Nutr Diabetes. 2012 Dec 03; 2:e54. PMID: 23208415; PMCID: PMC3542430.
      129. Armstrong A, Cheeney S, Wu J, Harskamp CT, Schupp CW. Harnessing the power of crowds: crowdsourcing as a novel research method for evaluation of acne treatments. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2012 Dec 01; 13(6):405-16. PMID: 23039257.
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      130. Tuong W, Larsen ER, Armstrong A. Videos to influence: a systematic review of effectiveness of video-based education in modifying health behaviors. J Behav Med. 2014 Apr; 37(2):218-33. PMID: 23188480.
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      131. Armstrong A, Follansbee MR, Harskamp CT, Schupp CW. Psoriasis and sexual behavior in U.S. women: an epidemiologic analysis using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). J Sex Med. 2013 Feb; 10(2):326-32. PMID: 23171046.
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      132. Hsu LN, Armstrong A. Psoriasis and autoimmune disorders: a review of the literature. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Nov; 67(5):1076-9. PMID: 23062896.
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      133. Callis Duffin K, Armstrong A, Mease PJ. Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis video project: an update from the GRAPPA 2011 annual meeting. J Rheumatol. 2012 Nov; 39(11):2198-200. PMID: 23118287.
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      134. Armstrong A, Callis Duffin K, Garg A, Gelfand JM, Gottlieb AB, Krueger GG, Qureshi AA, Rosen CF. Exploring priority research areas in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis from dermatologists' perspective: a report from the GRAPPA 2011 annual meeting. J Rheumatol. 2012 Nov; 39(11):2204-10. PMID: 23118289.
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      135. Armstrong A, Schupp C, Bebo B. Psoriasis comorbidities: results from the National Psoriasis Foundation surveys 2003 to 2011. Dermatology. 2012; 225(2):121-6. PMID: 23108113.
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      136. Larsen L, Merin MR, Konia T, Armstrong A. Congenital self-healing reticulohistiocytosis: concern for a poor prognosis. Dermatol Online J. 2012 Oct 15; 18(10):2. PMID: 23122009.
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      137. Armstrong A, Harskamp CT, Cheeney S, Schupp CW. Crowdsourcing in eczema research: a novel method of data collection. J Drugs Dermatol. 2012 Oct; 11(10):1153-5. PMID: 23285714.
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      138. Ibrahimi OA, Bangash H, Green L, Alam M, Armstrong A, Eisen DB. Perceptions of expertise in cutaneous surgery and cosmetic procedures: what primary care physicians think. Dermatol Surg. 2012 Oct; 38(10):1645-51. PMID: 22958115.
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      139. Armstrong A, Wu J, Harskamp CT, Cheeney S, Schupp CW. Crowdsourcing for data collection: a pilot study comparing patient-reported experiences and clinical trial data for the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis. Skin Res Technol. 2013 Feb; 19(1):55-7. PMID: 22891700.
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      140. Armstrong A, Kwong MW, Chase EP, Ledo L, Nesbitt TS, Shewry SL. Teledermatology operational considerations, challenges, and benefits: the referring providers' perspective. Telemed J E Health. 2012 Oct; 18(8):580-4. PMID: 22881579.
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      141. Armstrong A, Harskamp CT, Cheeney S, Wu J, Schupp CW. Power of crowdsourcing: novel methods of data collection in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Dec; 67(6):1273-1281.e9. PMID: 22818792.
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      142. Armstrong A, Reddy SB, Garg A. Novel approach to utilizing electronic health records for dermatologic research: developing a multi-institutional federated data network for clinical and translational research in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Dermatol Online J. 2012 May 15; 18(5):2. PMID: 22630572.
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      143. Kanada KN, Schupp CW, Armstrong A. Association between psoriasis and viral infections in the United States: focusing on hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013 Oct; 27(10):1312-6. PMID: 22564047.
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      144. Armstrong A, Kwong MW, Chase EP, Ledo L, Nesbitt TS, Shewry SL. Why some dermatologists do not practice store-and-forward teledermatology. Arch Dermatol. 2012 May; 148(5):649-50. PMID: 22782162.
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      145. Boker A, Feetham HJ, Armstrong A, Purcell P, Jacobe H. Do automated text messages increase adherence to acne therapy? Results of a randomized, controlled trial. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Dec; 67(6):1136-42. PMID: 22521201.
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      146. Brezinski EA, Armstrong A. Off-label biologic regimens in psoriasis: a systematic review of efficacy and safety of dose escalation, reduction, and interrupted biologic therapy. PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e33486. PMID: 22509259; PMCID: PMC3324468.
      147. Alikhan A, Ghods M, Armstrong A. Survey of demographic and educational factors among dermatology chairs and chiefs. Cutis. 2012 Apr; 89(4):195-8. PMID: 22611750.
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      148. Armstrong A, Wu J, Kovarik CL, Goldyne ME, Oh DH, McKoy KC, Shippy AM, Pak HS. State of teledermatology programs in the United States. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Nov; 67(5):939-44. PMID: 22459360.
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      149. Armstrong A, Harskamp CT, Cheeney S, Schupp CW. Crowdsourcing for research data collection in rosacea. Dermatol Online J. 2012 Mar 15; 18(3):15. PMID: 22483526.
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      150. Armstrong A, Lam KH, Chase EP. Epidemiology of classic and AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma in the USA: incidence, survival, and geographical distribution from 1975 to 2005. Epidemiol Infect. 2013 Jan; 141(1):200-6. PMID: 22404880.
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      151. Chase EP, Armstrong A. Advances in management of atopic dermatitis: new therapies and novel uses of existing treatments. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2012 Mar; 31(1):17-24. PMID: 22361285.
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      152. Maverakis E, Li CS, Alikhan A, Lin TC, Idriss N, Armstrong A. The effect of academic "misrepresentation" on residency match outcomes. Dermatol Online J. 2012 Jan 15; 18(1):1. PMID: 22301038.
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      153. Lamel SA, Haldeman KM, Ely H, Kovarik CL, Pak H, Armstrong A. Application of mobile teledermatology for skin cancer screening. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Oct; 67(4):576-81. PMID: 22243769.
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      154. Armstrong A, Harskamp CT, Ledo L, Rogers JH, Armstrong EJ. Coronary artery disease in patients with psoriasis referred for coronary angiography. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Apr 01; 109(7):976-80. PMID: 22221950.
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      155. Lamel S, Chambers CJ, Ratnarathorn M, Armstrong A. Impact of live interactive teledermatology on diagnosis, disease management, and clinical outcomes. Arch Dermatol. 2012 Jan; 148(1):61-5. PMID: 22250233.
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      156. Rehal B, Armstrong A. Health outcomes in atopic dermatitis. Dermatol Clin. 2012 Jan; 30(1):73-86, viii. PMID: 22117869.
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      157. Bailey EE, Ference EH, Alikhan A, Hession MT, Armstrong A. Combination treatments for psoriasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Dermatol. 2012 Apr; 148(4):511-22. PMID: 22184718.
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      158. Armstrong A, Kwong MW, Ledo L, Nesbitt TS, Shewry SL. Practice models and challenges in teledermatology: a study of collective experiences from teledermatologists. PLoS One. 2011; 6(12):e28687. PMID: 22194887; PMCID: PMC3237480.
      159. Parsi KK, Brezinski EA, Lin TC, Li CS, Armstrong A. Are patients with psoriasis being screened for cardiovascular risk factors? A study of screening practices and awareness among primary care physicians and cardiologists. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Sep; 67(3):357-62. PMID: 22079041.
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      160. Armstrong A, Armstrong EJ, Fuller EN, Sockolov ME, Voyles SV. Smoking and pathogenesis of psoriasis: a review of oxidative, inflammatory and genetic mechanisms. Br J Dermatol. 2011 Dec; 165(6):1162-8. PMID: 21777217.
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      161. Kim RH, Armstrong A. Nonmelanoma skin cancer. Dermatol Clin. 2012 Jan; 30(1):125-39, ix. PMID: 22117874.
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      162. Li K, Armstrong A. A review of health outcomes in patients with psoriasis. Dermatol Clin. 2012 Jan; 30(1):61-72, viii. PMID: 22117868.
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      163. Tuong W, Cheng LS, Armstrong A. Melanoma: epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes. Dermatol Clin. 2012 Jan; 30(1):113-24, ix. PMID: 22117873.
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      164. Chambers CJ, Parsi KK, Schupp C, Armstrong A. Patient-centered online management of psoriasis: a randomized controlled equivalency trial. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Jun; 66(6):948-53. PMID: 21890236; PMCID: PMC3233643.
      165. Parsi K, Chambers CJ, Armstrong A. Cost-effectiveness analysis of a patient-centered care model for management of psoriasis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2012 Apr; 66(4):563-70. PMID: 21835497.
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      166. Tuerk M, Cheng LS, Konia T, Armstrong A. Umbilicated erythematous papules in an immunocompromised patient. Lancet Infect Dis. 2011 Jun; 11(6):488. PMID: 21616459.
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      167. Armstrong A, Voyles SV, Armstrong EJ, Fuller EN, Rutledge JC. Angiogenesis and oxidative stress: common mechanisms linking psoriasis with atherosclerosis. J Dermatol Sci. 2011 Jul; 63(1):1-9. PMID: 21600738.
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      168. Pathipati AS, Lee L, Armstrong A. Health-care delivery methods in teledermatology: consultative, triage and direct-care models. J Telemed Telecare. 2011; 17(4):214-6. PMID: 21508078.
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      169. Rehal B, Armstrong AW, Armstrong A. Health outcome measures in atopic dermatitis: a systematic review of trends in disease severity and quality-of-life instruments 1985-2010. PLoS One. 2011 Apr 13; 6(4):e17520. PMID: 21533286; PMCID: PMC3076368.
      170. Johnson MN, Armstrong A. Technologies in dermatology: teledermatology review. G Ital Dermatol Venereol. 2011 Apr; 146(2):143-53. PMID: 21505399.
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      171. Armstrong A, Lin SW, Chambers CJ, Sockolov ME, Chin DL. Psoriasis and hypertension severity: results from a case-control study. PLoS One. 2011 Mar 29; 6(3):e18227. PMID: 21479272; PMCID: PMC3066207.
      172. Kim RH, Armstrong A. Current state of acne treatment: highlighting lasers, photodynamic therapy, and chemical peels. Dermatol Online J. 2011 Mar 15; 17(3):2. PMID: 21426868.
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      173. Armstrong A, Kim RH, Idriss NZ, Larsen LN, Lio PA. Online video improves clinical outcomes in adults with atopic dermatitis: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2011 Mar; 64(3):502-7. PMID: 21236514.
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      174. Fleeman N, Bagust A, Boland A, Dickson R, Dundar Y, Moonan M, Oyee J, Blundell M, Davis H, Armstrong A, Thorp N. Lapatinib and trastuzumab in combination with an aromatase inhibitor for the first-line treatment of metastatic hormone receptor-positive breast cancer which over-expresses human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2): a systematic review and economic analysis. Health Technol Assess. 2011; 15(42):1-93, iii-iv. PMID: 22152751; PMCID: PMC4781020.
      175. Armstrong A. Failure to maximize patient adherence strategies in clinical practice. Arch Dermatol. 2010 Dec; 146(12):1430-1. PMID: 21173331.
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      176. Armstrong A, Alikhan A, Cheng LS, Schupp C, Kurlinkus C, Eisen DB. Portable video media for presenting informed consent and wound care instructions for skin biopsies: a randomized controlled trial. Br J Dermatol. 2010 Nov; 163(5):1014-9. PMID: 20977443.
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      177. Cheng LS, Mulgrew K, Lin S, Idriss N, Eisen DB, Fung MA, Armstrong A. A pale version. Am J Med. 2010 Sep; 123(9):802-4. PMID: 20800147.
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      178. Daly M, Alikhan A, Armstrong A. Combination systemic therapies in psoriatic arthritis. J Dermatolog Treat. 2011 Oct; 22(5):276-84. PMID: 20666676.
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      179. Armstrong A, Idriss NZ, Kim RH. Effects of video-based, online education on behavioral and knowledge outcomes in sunscreen use: a randomized controlled trial. Patient Educ Couns. 2011 May; 83(2):273-7. PMID: 20570081.
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      180. Armstrong A, Sanders C, Farbstein AD, Wu GZ, Lin SW, Liu FT, Nesbitt TS. Evaluation and comparison of store-and-forward teledermatology applications. Telemed J E Health. 2010 May; 16(4):424-38. PMID: 20438384.
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      181. Sharon V, Goodarzi H, Chambers CJ, Fung MA, Armstrong A. Erythema induratum of Bazin. Dermatol Online J. 2010 Apr 15; 16(4):1. PMID: 20409408.
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      182. Idriss NZ, Alikhan A, Baba K, Armstrong A. Online, video-based patient education improves melanoma awareness: a randomized controlled trial. Telemed J E Health. 2009 Dec; 15(10):992-7. PMID: 20028190.
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      183. Armstrong A, Watson AJ, Makredes M, Frangos JE, Kimball AB, Kvedar JC. Text-message reminders to improve sunscreen use: a randomized, controlled trial using electronic monitoring. Arch Dermatol. 2009 Nov; 145(11):1230-6. PMID: 19917951.
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      184. Alikhan A, Ledo L, Armstrong A. A national survey to determine an optimal fourth year curriculum for dermatology candidates. Dermatol Online J. 2009 Oct 15; 15(10):2. PMID: 19951620.
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      185. Armstrong A, Idriss N, Bergman H. Physician workforce for acne care in the United States, 2003 through 2005. Arch Dermatol. 2009 Oct; 145(10):1195-6. PMID: 19841414.
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      186. Idriss SZ, Armstrong A, Kvedar JC, Lio PA. Digital imaging in dermatology: attitudes, behaviors, and innovations. Skin Res Technol. 2009 Aug; 15(3):376-7. PMID: 19624436.
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      187. Taghinia AH, Movassaghi K, Wang AX, Pribaz JJ. Reconstruction of the upper aerodigestive tract with the submental artery flap. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009 Feb; 123(2):562-70. PMID: 19182614.
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      188. Armstrong A, Setyadi HG, Liu V, Strasswimmer J. Follicular eruption on arms and legs. Phrynoderma. Arch Dermatol. 2008 Nov; 144(11):1509-14. PMID: 19015431.
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      189. Armstrong A, Idriss SZ, Kimball AB, Bernhard JD. Fate of manuscripts declined by the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 Apr; 58(4):632-5. PMID: 18249470.
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      190. Keithi-Reddy SR, Patel TV, Armstrong A, Singh AK. Uremic pruritus. Kidney Int. 2007 Aug; 72(3):373-7. PMID: 17429345.
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      191. Armstrong A, Dorer DJ, Lugn NE, Kvedar JC. Economic evaluation of interactive teledermatology compared with conventional care. Telemed J E Health. 2007 Apr; 13(2):91-9. PMID: 17489695.
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      192. Armstrong A, Fazeli A, Yeh SW, Mackool BT, Liu V. Vancomycin-induced linear IgA disease manifesting as bullous erythema multiforme. J Cutan Pathol. 2004 May; 31(5):393-7. PMID: 15059226.
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      193. Wills VL, Hunt DR, Armstrong A. A randomized controlled trial assessing the effect of heated carbon dioxide for insufflation on pain and recovery after laparoscopic fundoplication. Surg Endosc. 2001 Feb; 15(2):166-70. PMID: 11285961.
        View in: PubMed
      194. Bates I, Bedu-Addo G, Jarrett RF, Schulz T, Wallace S, Armstrong A, Sheldon J, Rutherford T. B-lymphotropic viruses in a novel tropical splenic lymphoma. Br J Haematol. 2001 Jan; 112(1):161-6. PMID: 11167797.
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      195. Engel CC, Walker EA, Engel AL, Bullis J, Armstrong A. A randomized, double-blind crossover trial of sertraline in women with chronic pelvic pain. J Psychosom Res. 1998 Feb; 44(2):203-7. PMID: 9532549.
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